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I I I PUBLISHED DAILY AMD TR1-WK&KLY BY KDOAH 95SOWDBN. ALEXANDRIA: MONDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 2,1857. The National Intelligencer says:—“The i jacobinical clamor against all banks and | against all “paper money” will be as short- j lived as it is senseless, insomuch that unless some conservative measures he taken, such as we indicated in common with many of our contemporaries of different political faith, we may expect that the admitted defects in cur banking system, under the operation of the same public economy which now prevails, will, in the end, bring about a recurrence of j the same reverses through which we are now passing. The absurdity of destroying insti tutions because of defects which we are com petent to remedy, would he apparent in any other department of human thought except ; pohics, in which passion and prejudice are often found more potcot than reason and ex perience.” Sir Win. Gore Oudey is to be accredited to Central America, not to the United States, as a special minister from Great Britain. It | is believed there is no wish or intention, as 1 there certainly appears no good reason, to | remove the diplomatic questions between the two countries from the charge of Lord Na- ; pier. It is, however, thought probable that ; Sir Win. Ousley will visit Washington and I confer with Lord Napier before proceeding to his po3t. George A. Simmons, a member of the last Congress from the State of New York, died at Kecsville, on the 27th ult. Mr. Sim mens was a gentleman of fine legal and lite rary attainments, much esteemed by his as- j sociates. He was chairman of the Judiciary Committee in the last House of Representa tives. A man named John Fee, living near Bui- ! lock's Creek, (Ala.) in a fit of anger, shot his horse and some cattle and hogs, and on Sun day week set tire to his house, which he had previously locked. His three motherless children, from five to fourteen years of ago, are supposed to have perished in the flames, lie has been arrested. Gov. Bragg, of North Carolina, has ap pointed and set apart Thursday, tho 26th day of this month as “a day of solemn aud public thanksgiving to Almighty God for past blessings, and of supplication for his continued kindness and care over us as a S’ate and a nation." The Clarke County, Va., Journal says:— ‘*We are informed that there were many more than the usual number of judgments, on forthcoming bonds, both at the lust Cir cuit and County Courts of this county.— This indicates the approach of still harder times." During the late session of the Synod of Wheeling, the very important question arose, whether it is right and consistent with Chris tian principles to make use of the Statute of Limitations as a legal defence, in a suit in our civil courts. R II. Dulaoy, of Loudoun county, recent ly bought of Jamea Gowan, of Pennsylvania the fine cow Young Dairy Maid, for fifteen hundred dollars, and got the second premi um of twenty five dollars for her at the Bal timore fair. The arrival of specie at New York, by the steamship Granada from Havana, and of the Tennesse at New Orleans, also from Ha vana, bus helped to brighten the public coun tenance. _ The late vote in Kansas will range between fifteen and twenty thousand. This indicates a population bordering closely upon one hundred thousand. The account of the Virginia Agricultural Fair at Richmond, from the Richmond Ex aminer, though not flattering, is probably correct. j.lie number of persons employed m in© Agricultural Department of the Patent office, has been misrepresented. There are only fite men and fifteen boys employed. The tolls collected at Georgetown on the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, during the month of October, are estimated at $10,000. Gov. Bond, an old and highly respectable citizen of Frederick county, Va., died of pa ralysis, last week. ^ The Ilog Cholera, it is said, has broken out, near Dumfries in Prince W iiliam County. The Taylor Hotel in Winchester, is offered for rent. ^ Stage Accident. On Thursday,* of last week, as the ash ington stage was passing out from the yard, of^Mr. Abraham Haines, at Frankville, where the horses are usually watered, the horses started off in a brisk trot, and the wheel of the stage, struck a large stone, which threw the driver, Mr. John Bird, frem his seat to the ground, causing much injury to his head. The horses then started off at full speed, until they came within a short distance of the Belmont post office, when the stage upset, disconnecting the fore wheels from the stage, with which the horses passed CD. There were lour passengers in the stage and one on top; all escaped except Mr. David Brown, of this county, who had his bead bruised and cut, aud his leg slightly injured. The wounds of the injured, were skillfully dressed, by Dr. A. R. Mott, aud Dr. Wm. j Cross, of Leesburg. No limbs were broken j and nothing serious apprehended from the I accident.—faesburg Washingtonian. Swift Uctrlbntlon. A respectable looking young man calling bin self George Bradley, arrived at Cham* j bersburg, Pa., on Friday evening last, and walking into the jewelry store of John Hut- j too, unseen, picked several watches, valued ; at $386, and made off, but was pursued and arrested. Oa Monday be was tried, convic ted and sentenced to the penitentiary for twenty one month#. He #tated that be had a family in Pittsburg, but that he was for-j tucrly a clerk in the commission bouse of Mfeesrs. Bingham & Co., of Baltimore. T«l«ffraptitc Despatches* New York, Oct. 30.—Nicholas Wolff, im porter, with connections in Philadelphia and jerraanv, has suspended. The liabilities ire heavy. The reported large arrivals of Bank of England acceptances, per Persia, is greatly exaggerated. Sterling bills are firm. Ex change on Baltimore is 84 per cent discount. An examination into tne condition of the Island City Bank, of New York, shows it to have been an infamous swindle, its assets consisting of only in teen hundred dollars in coppers. Winslow, Dauier & Co. resume payment to-morrow. Heavy failures in New Orleans are rumored in Wall street this afternoon. Boston, Oct. 13.—Tbatchcr & Co., com mission merchants, and Little, Aldon &> Co., a dry goods firm, have suspended. Washington, Oct. 30.—Previous to the recent election in Kansas, Governor Walker received specific instructions from the admin istration, relative to his duty on that subject and which precluded him from purging the polls, as he recently did ia rejecting the re turns from one district. Acting without authority from Washington, and clearly vi olating bis instructions, his conduct is em phatically condemned and there is reason for the belief that both Governor Walker and Secretary Stanton will bo removed, unless they shall choose to resign. (?) [No truth in this, we expect.] Charleston, Oct. 30—The steamship Star of the West with the California mails, had not reached Havana when the Isabel left.— She could hardly be considered overdue, how ever, having left New York on her outward trip tw * days subsequent to her regular day. Boston, Oct. 29 —Reports from the Ea9t mention heavy freshets with considerable damage to bridges. The Kennebec river has risen eight feet.— The Merrimac river yesterday forenoon had risen five and a half feet at Lowell, and was still rising. Some of the rniils are troubled with backwater. Indications of fair weath er last night were dispelled, and heavy rain continued throughout the night, with no prospect of clearing up to day. Danville, Pa., Oot. 29.—General Valen tine Beat, who has long been well known in the political affairs of Pennsylvania as an active democrat, died last night at his resi dence in this place. Gen. Best was for twenty five years editor of the Danville Intel ligencer, was a member of the State Seoate in 1848, *49 and 50, and was speaker of that body in the year 1850. He was in the 57th year of his age. Boston, Oc. 29.—A clerk in one of the jew elry 6toresat Chelsea was found lying on the floor insensible, between eleven and twelve o’clock this morning, with a severe wound upon his head. The safe in the 6tore was also found to have been robbed of between six and seven hundred dollars. No clue to the mystery has yet been discovered. Harrisburg, Oct. 29.—The Trotting Park Association races came ofF this afternoon.— For a trot in harness, mile heats, best two in three, N. K. Shoemaker, of Philadelphia, en tered bay horse “Billy Penn,” and George M. Liuman, of Reading, entered a bay mare. “Billy Penn’' won, having distanced the mare, the mile being run in 2m. 459. Boston, Oct. 29 —L. L. Saddler, formerly and for several years the manager under F. O. J. Smith, of the Morse Telegraph line be tween Boston and New York, and subse quently trea^rer and secretary of the Union Telegraph Company, died suddenly in Bos ton, Wednesday Digbt. Washington, Oct. 30.— Sir William Ouse Icy is expected to arrive at Washington about the 15th of November, and it is believed that his instructions will be such as lead to the adjustment of the Central American ques tions in a manner entirely satisfactory to the United States government. Buffalo, Oct. 29—John Ferrill, captain, and Wo). Slerritt, pilot, of thesteamtug Still man Welt, which exploded her boiler yester day, have since died of the injuries they re ceived. The second engioeer is fatally in jured. Cleveland, October 29.—The Disunion convention is still in sesbiou, but nothing of interest has been done to-day. rlhe atten dance is not large, aLd it will adjourn to night. Oswego, N. Y., Oct. 30.—There is now afloat from the upper lake ports,, and bound for this port, 350,000 lushels of wheat. New York, Oct. 30.—A fight occurred at tho City Hall at noon today between two Democratic politicians. One named Conner, was beateD to death by Teddy Donovan, a custom-house officer. Norfolk, Oct. 30.—The I nited States steam lrigate Saranac, bound to the Pacific, encountered a gale, io which she sustained considerable damage to her machinery, and has put in bcic for repairs. The sloop of war Cyane is reported to bo in Hampton Roads. _ The Excitement In Baltimore* Baltimore, Oct. 30.—The Governor has been waited upon by a number of prominent citi^ns, urging him to withdraw his procla mation, but he gave them no definite answer. A town meeting Las neen caueu ior lo-raor row afternoon. rlhe Mayor has issued a notice requesting the citizens not to attend the meeting, fearing it may tend to inflame the present excited state of the public mind. A number of military officers called upon the Governor to-day, interning him that tho military would not obey orders, and that most of the companies were temporarily dis banding. . . The Democratic politicians are enrolling to offer their services to the Governor as armed citizens under military commanders. The Mayor will issue a proclamation on Monday morning, detailing bis arrangements for the preservation of peace and the pro tection of voters. The city is full of rumors with regard to the arrival of arms from Washington, but they are entirely unfounded. The Governor has not applied to the United States Govern ment for troops. The armory of a German company was to day entered by a party of men, who took all the arms and carried them to the central police station, laying them down on the floor, but they were promptly returned by the Mar ShThe military are to report to the Governor to-morrow. The general impression now is that be will withdraw the proclamation. The Baltimore American of Saturday says: ‘•Notwithstanding the natural excitement occasioned by the Governor’s proclamation, the emergency has been met with a degree of calmness, and been productive of a desire to abstaio from all exciting counsels and rash measures, that is giving evidence of good results. Already the military prepara tions by which tho city was threatened are assuming a less formidable aspect than they at first presented. People now smile when they talk of the regiments ordered out; it is not improbable that by Wednesday next the smile will spread into a genial laugh, and we shall pass through the crisis with only amusing reminiseenoes of bow closely per sonal weakness is allied to official temerity. The character and extent of the responses made to the call promise to sufficiently expose its needlcssoess, and to show that the great mass of our citiaene are io unison in useert* leg* by a refusal to assume the position to which they have been invited, tbeir condem nation of the Governor's action." Tbe Virginia State Agricultural Fair In Richmond* The town is again full of people; and tbe Fair Grounds full of premium ani mals, machines, esculents, and articles of I handiwork—a gr<>nd ocllscticn of the chefs ' d’aeavre of art and nature. The Farmers’ Assembly, the rarest convocation of the week, is again in solemn conclave; and the Me chanics’ Institute, already, we fear, grown somewhat weary in well doing, is again in gala trim. If we were to speak of the whole affair with reference to its int: in^io excellence, we should be obliged still to use the terms of laudation; 1 but speaking of it io comparison with prece- : ding exhibitions of the kind io ti is city, we are obliged to express the conviction that it is a failure. To begin with the people in attendance, who always make the most interesting feature ; of these Virginia Fairs, they do not imp ess the spectator as favorably as the specimens • of yeomanry who havo exhibited themselves here on former occasions have invariably dune. The company is by no means so se lect as heretofore. There are few from din- ; taofc portions of the State—few from that re- j gion so productivo of burly men and women —the Valley and the mountainous West.— We understand that the inhabitants of that region, prolific in nature’s noblemen, have somewhat quarrelled with the term, “bovine aristocracy,” by which we have character iz^d them on former occasions; hut, really, that is the most descriptive phrase wo could have used, and full of honorable signification, inasmuch as their bovine contributions to the Fair constitute its chief attraction, indeed, we might say, almost its only great attraction. Whatever else we find in the Fair grounds can be seen any day in the machine shops, [ founderics, gardens and barn-yards in and around Richmond. The fat cattle, however, which make the great attraction of the Fair, are what can only he procured from beyond ! the Blue Ridge. We repeat, that the exhi bition of men an I wjmen at the present Fair, is far inferior to that of preceding ones ; and inferior, chidly, from the circumstance, that the “bovine aristocracy” are not here in full force. Nor are the specimens of Eastern Virginia people who aro here of premium qualities.— Tbe number from a distance is small, and the crowd is mainly from the chiniquepm counties surrounding Richmond. It is not tbe well to-do classes of our Eastern Virginia population that are here on the present occa !n ntn.li fn.AA TKa t A A vith CIUU IU liiUUU IVIVVi * uv vvvwvwww. - I -- their independent strut and haughty but kindly and courtly nonchalance, are here iu small numbers. Crowed hotels and scanty fare, three in-a-bed lodgings and greedy scrambles for a few mouthfuls of food, ill comport with the liberal mode of life to which they are gentlemanly accustomed at home; and, having suffered their dignity to be ruffled rudely and uncerimoneously on sev eral occasions heretofore, they have learned to prefer some other time for their annual visits to the metropolis than Fair week. The consequeoce is, that few of the great graziers and tobaccocrats of Virginia are here at present, except the small clarw of them who value the empty honors of Far mers’ • Aesemblysbip, and delight to 6ee their names in print as movers of important reso lutions in it8meetiDgs,orasvotingupouthem, aye or nay. In a word, we thmk the throng at the pre sent Fair is made up more largely from the chioquepin population of the immediate re gion circumjacent to Richmond than all other sources besides. The crowd is of those who have come to town at a cost of fifty cents or a dollar from the distance of a few hours’ ride, interspersed very sparingly with the staunch and pursy old fellows who have come in from distances of a hundred miles and more, with several fifty or hundred dol lar bills to throw away for expenses. Of the brute animals on exhibition, it may be said, that the quality is fully equal to that of past Fairs; though the number of beasts is much smaller than heretofore. The show of sheep, hogs and milch cattle is good.— The fat cattle are not so numerous as former ly, but probably the specimens are as tine as heretofore seen. The fine horses exhibited are fewer also, and probably the grade is lower than has been seen on the same grounds. The poultry department exhibits a very profuse and hetorogeuerous array of rare birds. Our chinquepin counties around Richmond hove done full credit tothemselves in this department, and have covend them selves with glory in the poultry coops. We think it will be conceded by the most preju diced judge in these matters, that our next door neighbor counties are bard to beat in the department of shanghais and geese, not to mention ducks and ducklings. Iu domestic manufacturers and horticulture the exhibi tion is shamefully defective. On the whole, taking it all in all, we think the Fair of 1857 a failure. The spirit and enthusiasm which so marked its predecoscrs are utterly wanting in thia. The exibitors are tame and without enthusiasm. The spectators are listless and incurious. On every counteuance one sees that the Fair has been voted indvidually a bore ; though each one seems inclined to encourage in others any delusion they may cherish that it is still a “fine” thing.—Rich. Examiner. The Season In Vt aeliingion. Tho festive social season in the federal capital if we may ro term it, may ho said to have commenced this year with the dinuer given on Thursday by President Buchanan at the Executive Mansion, to a very large and distinguished party. There were pre sent all the diplomatic corps now at the seat of government, together with the Secretary and Assistant Secretary of State, and Sena fr»rs Slidell, G win, and Bright. The table was graced by the presence of the ladies of most of the distinguished guests. The geni us of that famous artist, Gautier, was never more strikingly or agreeably displayed than on this occasion. Alter the dinner, thecom paoy, by invitation, repaired to the residence of the British minister, where the elegant hospitalities of the mansion were dispensed with that winning courtesy and kindness for which Lord Napier is Doted.— Union. Runaway Slaves* Under the operation of an act of the last Legislature, providing an increased scale of rewards for the arrest of runaway slaves, it ie said that but few, if any, of the numerous escapades of thisseason have been successful. Ten per cent, on the value of a slave is al lowed for an arrest in the Valley counties bordering ou Maryland, fifteen per cent, in the counties of Alleghany, Washington and Frederick, Maryland, and twenty-five per cent, in a free State. The money is common ly found effectual on the other side of Mason and Dixon’s line— Winchester Republican. The Horse Market* The New York Tribune states that the de* j rangement of the money market has had a most disastrous effect upon the market for | horses. Horses which cost their owners , $750, were sold lately for $170 in that city. Another horse, which a year ago bad a stand- j ing e ffer of $1,500, was sold for $o00; and a handsome bay, for which $600 was paid last summer, and not considered dear at that, j brought but $125 a few days since. Hard Time* in New YorkClly* An Index or the Pressure.—Respecta ble people are nightly begging for lodgings at the ctation bouses and cannot be accom modated. Last night there was increased demand for a place to sleep—even though it be only a bare floor. The ioclemeocy of the weather drove scores to these station houses who otherwise would have rested upon the City Hall steps, or on tbe grass in the Park. A Lively Letter. Corr. of Fredericksburg News. Richmond, Oct.—The Agricultural Fair and the crowd, and the Farmers’ Assembly, (where the Farmers don’t assemble,) and the Mechanics’ Institute, and tbo Exhibitions, Ac., should furnish abundant material for a letter, but somehow it’s dull business—the people don’t look as bright as usual. There is no enthusiasm and less money. “Impe cunicrity,” as the New York llcrald calls it, is ns prevalent as the Influenza used to be. I was more amused with the “Young Ebo ny Sax-IIorn Band” which camo with me on the cars, than with anything else. There are seven little Negro Buys between 5 and 10 years of age, natives of South Carolica, real white-eyed, thick-lipped, genuine darkies, but excellent musicians. The son of the gentleman who own9 them is “Leader.” He is 8 years old. When asked to play, he punched the small darkies to wake them up, shouted “No. 2,” and the whole set struck up “Lilly Dale,” and played it beautifully. It was enough to make a horselaugh to see their w hite eyes almost starting from their beads, and all blowing away for life. Eveiy now and then they would relapse into a nap and seemed as happy as possible. The owner kept them fur his own amusement and seem ed as fond of the bracks as of the white boy. I regarded them as seven most remark able peoplo in the State—not excepting Governor Wise. Tho Fair has fatigued me more than usual, because 1 nearly broke my leg by stepping into a coal vault left open on the side walk. I thought of suing the city, and asked a Lawyer hero if I could recover. He said ray leg might recover, but be didn’t think I would. If 1 did, he advised me to take shin plasters which were as good as suspended Bank notes for a bruised leg. I asked the same friend what would induce him to join one of those benevolent societies, the Fire Companies, which aro always fighting, and wear red IImnel shirts in the street. He said ho might join if he had the rheu matism as red tlannel was believed to be good for it. I tried to get another friend to go and see Barbee’s “Coquette,” but he had to go and see alive one and “didn’t like these stone gals no how, as the Yankee said in Florence _I then tried to see the corner stone laid by 4 U sv Mnanno li nlflrll^O I O (H nidi'll i” T had VUV —r-*- — a fine view of the backs of a great many people and that was all I could see. The re trospect was not imposing. Looking back is ;i poor business—I advise you never to do it—especially when you go to see a corner stone laid. I had a hard time visiting the j Coquette and the Corner-stone. The most ! appropriate song for one of the former spe cies would be “rocked on the cradle of the deep.” The women collected here are as j hard looking as the Statue. That is con?id i ered beautiful. Each one of them is, no i doubt the idoi.of some fellow—as meu are so : given up to idieness. I was induced to attend the Farmers As sembly last night. It is dignified but dull— and ought to be dissolve! at once. The peo ple take no interest in its proceedings, and I think it will break up the Agricultural Fair at last. It seemed to bo a sort of circumlo cution office discussing drearily how not to accept the $20,000 donation of P. St. G. Cocke, esq. They were in a fair way to re fuse to have anything to do with it last night, which, considering the state of the money market now, would be regarded as insanity. As We Expected* Now that tho banks have all suspended, in consequence of the misrule with which the country has been so long cursed, we again hear the cry of a specie curroncy, just as we did twenty years ago, when the same system bad produced the same results. Foremost among those who raise this yell, is the Presi dent’s Philadelphia organ, the Press, edited by John W. Forney. The opening article of the Pres« is singular ly cool in its assumptions. It differs, it tells us, from its contemporaries, with regard co the origio of the present troubles. They attribute it to “an absolute theory,” the want of a protective tariff. He, however, is a wiser man. He attributes it to overtrading, and overtrading, he tells us, is caused by the use of paper money as as circulating medium, llis substitute is a hard money currency—that panacea which wo have heard of for the last twenty-five years, but seem doomed never to see. Now is the time, he tells us—the government has furnished us with the specie—let us begin at once. Take care, however, not to go too fast, else more damage may be done than good ! We might have expected to hear an author, who maintained that a protective tariff was an obsolete idea, explain why it is that every period of our commercial history which has been a period of disaster—has also been one of low' duties. Hut it is useless to argue with Cm*ar at the head of his legions. The President has things all his own way. He can pass any bill he desires. He can call upon his satraps—the State Governors— everywhere, to put his policy ioto operation, within their respective spheres. Let us then have this hard money currency at once, and let it be a bona fide had money currency! — Lut not a bank-note, or a treasury promise to-pay, rustle its paper wings over the piles of coin. Let it be all gold and silver, and nothing else. In nearly every State in the Union the Democracy is in the majority. Give .12 «** n fia n One lk'It'll tn/trinii it tT.kii muu n ; v w,,,n •• •• * vj» •• j to do it. Do not shirk or evade the question any longer. D ) not, when your next misera bio expedient fails—as all fiave tailed that have been attempted thus tar—do Dot, we I say, cry out hard money any more. Stop ! humbugging—practice no more frauds—give us the hard-money currency, if you can; if you caonot, acknowledge the cheat and im posture; repent, and try to do better. To be 6ure, the introduction of a specie currency exclusively would place us alongside of Spain and Portugal, where the syptem is fully car ried out; or of Mexico and the South Araeri can States; but, nevertheless, give us the hard-money currency ! We w ill not be put off with the notes of live hundred new hanks as we were twenty five years ago, when you promised to make gold flow up the Missis sippi. We want the genuine article—the real thing—the yellow metal from the mine. Gjve it us, or hold your peace! — Rich. Whig. Railroad Fares. The General Ticket Agents* Convention, held at Chicago, on the 21st ultimo, in pur suance of the instructions of the General Railroad Convection, recently held at Cleve land, have adopted a schedule of fares from New York, Philadelphia, Biltimore, and other places to the We6t. The rates of fare from Baltimore are as follows; From Baltimore to Cleveland $12 50; to Toledo $15 50; to Chicago $21 50; to Colum bus $13 75; to Cincinnati $10; to St. Louis $20; to Dayton $15.75; to Bellefont $15; to Indianapolis $18 50; to Torre Haute $20.75; to Louisville $19 25; to Vincennes $21 75; to Evansville $23 75; to Cairo $28; to Alton $25 25; to Fort Wayne $18.25; to Lafayette $19 50; to Peru $20; to Logansport $20 50; to Springfield $25 50; to Zanesville $12; to Newark $12.75. The rates to and from Washington city are fixed at $1 more than from and to Balti more and all other points. The new sche dule of rates goes into effect on the 1st of November, (this day.) H*v*l Courts of Inquiry* Court No. 1, was not in session on Satur day. Before Court No. 2, the case of Comman der Ringgold, was continued. Court No. 3, was occupied with tbe teas of Captain Ritchie. Candid Confession. The*Charlestown Spirit of Jefferson, in the course of some remarks in reference to Sena* i or Hunter’s letter, make as candid confession, j which seldom falls from the Democratic , press, that their party is not “infallible."— The Spirit sustains the course of Hunter. “For our own part, we have no desire to be represented by a man, either as Sena tor, Representative or Delegate, who pledges himself to follow blindly the lead of parties in their present mixed up and uncertain con dition. We are Democrats from conviction and education, but we have no idea that the Democratie party is infallible, and that it cannot err. We have too much evidence to the contrary, to believe that we are always right. In these days of party subserviency, there are too many who occupy promioent positions, willing to bow the knee to Baal, for us to say that the Democratic party, as now constituted, is immaculate. The purity of the days of Jackson marked an epoch that had passed away, but its impress is faintly discernable in the measures that are now ad vocated as constituting the Democratic creed." Navy Department. The Screw Propeller Sloop of War .'-It is well known that one of the fine sloops of-war (authorized to be constructed during the last Congress) is to be built by Mr. Westervelt, of New York; three at the navy-yards, re spectively, of Gosport, Virginia; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; aud Pensacola, Florida. The question regarding the assignment of the re maining vessel is not yet, but will soon be, determined. One of the engines is to be manufactured at the Washington navy-yard. In addition to these works, which will be commenced as soon as the necessary plans and drawings can be prepared, the work in ship building or repairing will bo vigorously pros ecuted in the navy-yards at Charlestown, Mas sachusetts; Portsmouth, New Hampshire; and Brooklyn, New York. From this it will ba seen that, during the winter, the mechanics and laborers connec ted therewith will be fully employed. Such, we learn, is the intention of the distinguished and popular Secretary of the Navy .— Union. JIST OF LETTERS remaining in the Post j Oifice, at Alexandria, Va., on the 31st day o! October, lbf>7. Persons calling for Letters in this list, will please say they are advertised. A Asliburn, Mark Capt Adams. Robert G Alexander, W P B Burke, MW Burns, Dennis Brown, Dorcas Brown, Maria Brown, H C Brown, S H Brooke, Araminta Mrs Bradbury, Eli Bright, Isaiah Brener, J W Bowling, Cassie Mrs Bingham, Allred Black, G A Bloom, John W, Blake, William Berry, Christian Beach, Susan Ann Miss Behon, Patrick Beach, Harriet Barber, Joseph H Barrett. John Bargett, Margaret Mrs Bayliss, Sarah W Miss Baden, B-2 Backers, Edward H Baxrer, Alexander Burnell, F W Bocemsdis, t B i Brett, A J Beach, Emma V Mrs C Curry, Hiram Cullen, Thomas Criss, John Cross, Jane Miss Crook. JM Conrad, L Lewis Cockerille, Richard H C ongden, Thomas Crook, W P Connell. John Collins, William T Charlton, TC Chinn. Jesse Chichester, Martha Mrs Carter, John Hill Chambers, Capt (Sehr. R. Price) Crocker, Sam'l (master Br. Brigantine A La Mode) D Dudley, Ann Mrs Dreifeius. S Dockett, Jane Mrs Darnall, Laura J Daiby, John Drohan, Geo E Donald, Robert Dorsey, Elizabeth Davis, Mary F Darby, John W Davis, Julia A Mrs Davis, John H-2 Davison, John Smith E Elliott, Rozin Edwards, Henry Edds, Mary Mrs F Fitzmorriss, Luke Fitzhugh, Caroline Foe kler, H Ferree, Daniel Fay,John F G Graves, James W Guest, George H Grayson, Mary Miss Gillespie, David E Gibbons, Henry B H Herbit, William Henkel, Philip Hamilton, Daniel Harrison, John Dr Haley, Asa Capt Hipsley, Eran-2 Himerson, John Hodges, Oliver Hollinshead, George Higgins, H Capt Hutchinson, Cartney A Mrs J Johnston, Sallie Miss Johnson V Mrs Jones, E H ('apt Jones, Sarah Miss James,Sally Mrs Jones, Nelly Mrs Johnson, Richard N Jellns, James W Jackson, Samuel K Kins. Mildred Miss King, John Kinnamon^yiiza Miss King, Sarah C Miss Knowlin, Jfcies King, Mary E Mrs L Lugus. Jacob Low, Jacob Luckett. Hennie Lewis. Virginia Laurenson, T Me McElroy, Samuel McCheva, W B McLoud. John F M Moore, James Miram, Ellenor Miss Moore, Geo A Mason, J Marshall, J as Pede Maccabe, Henry Markham, C Mrs M Noland, Sarah C Nicolet, J \V . o Orear, William A-2 P Preston, Rector Purcell, Richard Poor, Allred Payne, Henry L Parker, John (’apt Pail, F B Plummer, Jas T M Pharo, Samuel Capt Pitman, Philip R Ryan, John-2 RatcliiTe, Mary B Reynolds. Lewis H Riehaids, F Richmond, Henry Robinson, J B Rutter, K M Ryan. Michael Roach. Sally Mias S •^pfigg, John A Capt Sumby, Hannah Stewart, William R Sullivan, J 11 Sherrod, Robert Summers. L S Strider,Thomas Smith, Sarah G Mrs Smith. Mary Mrs Solomon, Charles Southard, James W Smith, Grenbeiry Shinna, G R Shekel!, BO Sar.dlord, J L Spaulding. Stephen F Sibley, John W T Trunnell, H W-2 Turner, John A Tate, Mary Miss Taylor, M iry E Mrs Triplett, J D Tyroy, L B Thompson, Eliza C Miss V Varpelt, David-2 W Woodw ard, Berj F Rev Wood, J W Wilson. James R Williams, W R Wi.marth,Jason Williams John M Wilson, John Watson, Laura Miss Wallenty, August Mrs Wall, John T West, Amelia Mrs Wiley, James R Winn, Mary (col'd) Wooley, D V Wood, Burrill Wright, Samuel Wright, John T Whelbee, Geo W Welch, Susan Mrs Webster, W E Waugh, Rev Watchman, Theodore Waugh, Mary P Wait, Harding S Washington, H Walker, Peter Walmsley, Isaac A Initials—Proprietors Bloomfield Academy, nov a—It T. W. ASHBY, P. M. ELLIS’ SOLUTION OF CITRATE MAG NESIA; Borax; Salad Oil; Allspice, ground; j whole Pepper; Ground Pumice Stone; India Rubber Injectors, just received, and lor sale by JAMES ENTWISLE, Jr., oct 31 Apothecary, No. 94, King-street. By Saturday Rrenlng'a Malls* ■-:o: — Close of tue Fair.—The Agricultural Fair, at Richmond, closed on Friday. The names of the successful competitors for pre miums, were announced at 1L o'clock, by > Edmund Ruffin, esq. The Dispatch says, i that the Fa r, oontrary to the predictions < f . many individuals, and we may say, the ex- j pectations of all, has pioved eminently sue ceshful. Among the premiums awarded we find , the following: — For the be^t pair of matched \ horses for quick draught, $25, to R. L. Teel, I of Washington Citv ; for black stallion, Cob- ! ham, 3 years old, $10 to R. II. Dulany, of , Loudoun ; for the best saddle horse, mare or gelding, $20, to J. B. Oden, of Lou doun. Premiums were awarded to R. II* Dulany, of L)udouo, for the second bent cow, 3 years old, and for the best and seoond best imported bulls between one and two years old ; and to the same tor best imported heifer. For the best Devon beif er, of native stock, $15 was awarded to Lewis Hiiley, of Fairfax; for the second | best Ayreshire cow, $10, to J. 0. Pendlc ! ton, of Orange; for the second best cow, | for the dairy, $15 were divided between R. II. Dulany, of Loudoun, for “Beauty,” and Mr. Oirnett, of K-sex for “June.” Lewis Bailey, of Fairfax, was awarded $15 for seo I ond best working yoke of oxen, and for the I second best yoke under 4 years $15. For the ! best South Down ram $20 to R. II. Dulany, I of Loudoun; als > the second best pen of ewes $10. A certificate of merit was awarded to J. W. Ware, of Clarke, for the third best ram of nativo stock; also, for the best pen of ewes, and second best same description; for the best pen of ewes, 3 in number,$20, to same; for the second best, $10, to same; for the best pen of ram T^mbs, 4 in number, $10, to same; for thebest pen ofewe lambs, 4 in num ber, $10, to the saraa: for the best importod Merino ram, $20, to S. S. Bradford, of Culpep er; for the best i nported Silesian owe lambs, $10, to same; for the best pen of Silesian ewes, $10; to some; for the best imported Southdown ram, $20, t> R. II. Dulany; and | lor the best lot of pigs, not less Than 5 in num ber, nor less than two, and under five months old, $10; a certificate of merit was also warded lor the be6t cow of any bread on ex hibition, to R. II. Dulany, and to the same for the best ram of any bread on exhibition. For the best ploughman, with steers, $10, to Lewis Bailey, ol Fairfax. The Warrenton Flag say*;—“We under stand an alteracation occurred atSalem, FauJ quier County, Va., ou Tuesday last between Mr. James Baily and Decatur Hall, esq., both of this couDty, in the course of which Mr, Bailey shot at and narrowly missed Mr. Hall. The parties wero separated without any serious injury.” The new “Bank of Southwestern Virginia,” located at Wytheville, Ya., Rubt. Gibboney, President, and T. J. Morrison, Cashier, Cap; ital Stock say £100,000, will commence op erations on Wednesday next. R v. Charles II. Disbrow,died at Edenton, N. C., on Wednesday last. Pressure on tlie Railroads. The New York Advertiser states that on the Camden and Amboy Railroad, through freight to the Suuth and West, of dry goods and merchandise, had fallen off during Octo ber, as e mpared with the three weeks of the same month last year, about 20 per cent, at \ near as they can judge in anticipation of the monthly accounts. The freights inwards for the first eighteen days of October, have fall en off about 15 per cent. On the Central Railroad, New Jersey, there has been a large decrease in the amount of freight since the bard times, the receipts having fallen off Dearly two thirds. Exciting Horse Rnce. A trotting race of 25 miles, came eff on Friday last, at Bridgeport, Conn., between the Dalton horse and the Taylor horse, which was won by the former—performing the dis tance in 1 hour, 32 minutes, and 30 seconds. The authorities of the city obliged Messrs. Dalton and Taylor to make oath that they had not and would not bet on the result, be fore they would permit the race to come off. The horses kept close together throughout the race._ MARRIED. In Washington, on Thursday evening, by the Rev. .1. C. Smith. JOHN A. BORLAND, esq., to Miss MARY JANK CONNELL. On Wednesday last, in Washington, bv tl « Rev. Dr. Cummins, WARDEN W. SPERRY, esq . of Winchester, Ya , to Miss FANNIE P. FAIRBANKS, of Tuscaloosa, AU. In Leesburg, on Wednesday evening. 2Mb ult, by the Rev. Davi.l Caldwell, Mr. L. HENRY' LIJcKEi T, and Miss HENRIETTA, daughter of John 1*. Smart, esq., ol Leesburg, In Leesburg, on Wednesday morning last, by Rev. John L CLrk. Mr. WM. D. EASTER DAY, and Miss MOLLY’ E , daughter oi Asa Jackson, esq., all of Loudoun. At .Mount Pleasant, Prince William county, on Thursday evening,2‘dth lilt., by the Rev. Mr. Coe, WILLIAM R. FREEMAN, and Miss L. V'. MERCHANT, of Piince Wm.Co. \fa. In Baltimore, on Thursday, 2‘Jth ult., by Rev. Mr. Dunning. JOHN H. HARDING, Jr . of i Northumbei land county, Va , and Miss LOUISA WILLI S. of Baltimore. On the 27th ult., in Baltimore, by the Rev. I)r. Morrison. JOMAH T. CARTER*, of Virginia, ! and ISABEL BKIEN, daughter ol the late B. H. Wilson. On Wednesday morning, 28th ult , by the Rev. C. E. Ambler. ROBERT V. SHIRLEY, esq, •lde*t daughter of Ko. W. Baylor, esq , of Jeffer son county, Va. OBITUARY. The death of Mrs. Frances Lewis Presstman, daughter of Win. Fowle. e5q., has been already announced. Let the hand ot friendship trace a few lines as a tril ute to the memory of the de parted—not in eulogy, or for vain show—but to record the virtues ot a most tender and affec tionate daughter and sister, and loving wife, t'he has been summoned early from a home of happiness, leaving the new born babe to recall her name, and draw upon itself the fondness which friends and relatives delighted to bestow upon the mother. All that made earth desira ble, indeed, was her*, and if the prayers of a devoted husband and family could have pre vailed, she would yet he among us. But, O! what rapture is it to know, that earth, full as it was of all that could allure ihe heart from Hea ven, stood not in the wav of her vision, or of her hopes, and ’hat she died, not only in peace with the world, but with the bright glories of whatwe believe will be h^r future everlasting home, cheering her heart, irradiating her countenance, and leading her triumphantly through tbs Val ley of the Shadow of Death. Let this be our consolation, as it was her blessed reward. In Washington, on the 20th ult., of typhoid pneumonia, JOHN AYLMER GOLDEN, in the 50th year of his age. He w is a native of Dublin, and a resident of Washington for the last eighteen years. In Washington, on the 29th ult., GEORGE H. PAYNE, aged thirty years, a native of that city. In Culpeper county, Va., at the residence of her husband, Mr. J »hn N. Griffin, Mrs. ELL1ZA GRIFFIN, in the 62d year of her age. She was & consistent member of the Presbyterian Church. In Culpeper county, Va., on Friday night, the 16th ult, Mrs CHARLOTTE A SHACKEL FORD, 'consort of John A. Shackelford, aged about 28 years. At Alexandria, on Monday, 26th ult., JOHN 1 KESTERSON, in the 5:ul year of his age. i % Curlout. On Wednwd.y tveoiny, as <;<■„. \\ht apd Captain Urnharo were .tandin* in ,y * of Ibe St. Nicholas Hotel, on l$r.,»,jtav m«Q bating tbe appearance ofloited s, , Nary officer*, .tepped up, when cr.e ofiif m an impertinent manner, presented Wheat with a boquet. The <iener 1 tome remark relative to the act, ur,Jn ». both of the navy officers became viry c ' dent, and used mo.t insulting IsnL,^ lien. Wheat without muliipUi0* struck both the men in the Lc-\ kn them down and cutting them very’bvlUK !‘f ter which, he walked off about Lis »>,/ 4 Lhe gentlemen of the “button” wert. 0 : ted by some friends to a drug store Vr* their wouuds were dressed by a >e t " is supposed that pistols if not cd^e w i: !' the result.—Letter from X. To the editor of the Alexandria f,u I have attended both the Railr >al M . ings, recently held in your ctiy-i t.u much prefer that its old designation tv ,/ he still kept up-/ow/i;-and previous to «%rV ing for home, desire the privilege of a w - through your columns. The reporter of ^ proceedings of those meetings in both iQ*u, ces, has, I believe, in reference to the^m ^ of lien. Duff GreeD, pronounced them r only able but entirely “satisfietery tj t( meetings." I certainly have nothing tj as to the compliment paid to their alihtv for l listened myself with some interest but if by the pliraze “satisfactory to ^ meetings," be meant that the meeting tit approved of or adopted his plans, or i tions, or schemes, you an 1 the puLl c * rc much mistaken. The project thrown out ' far as 1 understood it, is tull of otjecuJca ble features, politically, tinauciallv, and t rr' tically—and about as likely to be adopts* r carried as would be a proposition for an n pedition to the moon. I have no d^ul t tt-» proposer is honest, sincere, and talented hut his scheme for a Credit M>.tnlv>r% r j> y Office arrangement for Railroad bonJ*, r whatever it may be called, is in my ment, and in that of the opinion of a ur** majority of those who attended the l;**. road meetings not feasible, and certaiol? nuj to be eutertained by those woo are en gaged in a practical effort to complete tlm internal improvements of our State, under existing circumstances. We, in \irgioia. are engaged in a business struggle, u he conducted strictly upon plain busine-s prin ciples—otherwise, we shall go to the wall. _ FAHjl’IKK. [Comm unkwted. Tbe tempest of the financial crisis, through which we have passed, and which is not yet over, has prostrated some of the largest, a&i best business houses in this country, in near ly all our cities. Iq most cases the>e bouses have sustained loss of means:but it i* proper to be added, that even in their misfortune, tbe integrity of their conductors has not beta questioned, and an undoubting cor.fi lence ii felt, that many of them w ill yet be abb tj re-instate themselves without material to their creditors. An opportune ani gen erous notice was made in tbe (iszettety a citizen of this place, at (he time it happen* i, of the supeneion of tbe Banking lluu?s of Fowle, Snowden A Co., and l would add to that, after rt flection and examination, my conviction,that this bouse, too, will ultimate ly re-alize from its assets much nr*re than many feared it would. At aov rate, l am sura tbe members of the firm will prove that misfortune has not changed their character* at honorable men and as good citizens, and that tbey will pay tbose to whom they um be indebted to tbe last farthing of all tbey can secure from the results of their businen operations, and tbe means employed in their vocation. All men, in their situation, an liable to tbe vicissitudesof trade, anddoerv* the sympathy of their fellow citizen*. A failure to realize their just expectation*, r errors of judgment in financial operati c, are what will happen to the most prudent. But the same energy and business capacity can still be exerted in after life, it uuy K not only to satisfy tbe world, but to re cur* struct that which panic, excitement, ai l other causes, destroyed. It will be so, l hope, in this case. A CITIZKN. [Communicated. S *me public notice is due tho Rev. J. >. Gardner, Pastor of Princess street Church, not only fur the fa tbful performance cf hi* ministerial duties, but for the great concern he, at all times, entertains for the mental, moral, and religious welfare of hi* charge as woll as that of the community at larg*.— It may be said here, truly, that he compare* favorably with any clergyman in thin city in point of talents, piety, gentlemanly dep* rt ment, Ac. The above is written without Lis know ledge. Nothing is intended, however, hy way of disparagement of any other minister within the limits of Alexandria or any where else. Mr. (i. is now preaching a series of u^r mona every Sabbath morning, at ll ' Vi ck, at Princess street Church, on Christian Knowledge, from the Prophecy of ‘ IRj-ca, 4th chap, first clause, Gtb verse." II »ny body or every body in this city wish to hear, let them bear, and be edified and instruct* 1 in the great things pertaining to their * ub salvation, by attending at the time and place above stated. _ ^ CUMNKHCIAL. Alexandria Market, October 'JI • The offerings on Change were very ligt*’. • transactions limited. There were no sa>• Flour reported, and prices are unchanged I r" " were sales of white Wheat at Il5iil27c, r red at 11001210., according to qua<ify demand is fair, especially for prim** red, which would bring higher figures : <J those quoted. Corn is in active enquiry- f'' the receipts are very light. We quo’e u ■ r for white and mixed. Rye and <>a's are ' < and prices nominal. Tka Market*. Baltimore, Oct. 31.—Flour is unebang’'’ Howard street and Ohio $3.25, cash. VVhea* .* firm, fed 1200125c ; white 128014* c. Corn it steady; yellow 67071c; white 7t-ji-* Whiskey is dull, at 210*1 $c. for City a,1“ Country, and 22022*e. for Ohio. N*w York, October 31.—Flour has advar.r*"* sales of 6,000 bbls ; S ate $4,830*19 *. $5.300$5.75; Southern $5.IO0$5 60. Wnea: is firm; sales of 42,000 bush ; white 13< afr 1 red 1230130c. Corn is heavy; sales of 1 Am bush.; mixed 74c., and yellow 77c. Fork h**2*) mess $*00$20.25. Lard heavy at 4C Whiskey closed firm, at 2ljc. Stocks rally are lower. Cumberland Coal Co, 6|. ^,r ginia 6’s 79. Sterling Kxchange is firmer. The Coilok Trade. Augusta, Oct. 30.—Cotton is active. of 700 bales, at 11J012. Money is easier. Savannah, Oct. 30.—Cotton is genera::) '-in changed. Sales ol 90 bales at lOj^l-L Charlistos, Oct. 30.—All qualities slight advanced. Middling fair at 12*. Mobile, Oct. 30.—Cotton —Sales of the wee*. 5000 bales, at 1C|01OJ. Receipts 400*J *>ai**' igainat 7000 bales at the same time last \e*., itock 30,000 baits, against 2l,ou0 last year.