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Alexandria gazette. [volume] (Alexandria, D.C.) 1834-1974, November 19, 1857, Image 2

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THURSDAY MORNING, Nov kmbke 19, 1657.
The arguments which the Richmond En
quirer usee in support of its position, that
it is the heighth of inconsistency to denounce
Got. Walker for his courso in Kansas, and
yet to hold the President blameless, or free
from censure, are unanswerable. The Ad
ministration in sustaining Walker, has been,
•o far, manly and firm in its conduct. It
has not quailed or given way to party clam
or, or party threats. It is strange that the
Southern opponents of Walker have never
jet realised the awkward position in which
they piaoe themselves by their course. They
would have been much stronger to day, than
they are* had they boldly blamed the Presi
dent for sustaining Walker. As it is, they
ore accused of succumbing to Executive pow
er. To have made the President responsible,
for that, the responsibility of which he bold
ly assumes, did not of necessity, r&i'iirt in
the case under consideration, a general oppo
sition to his administration. They have
however, now, lost all the advantage they
might hate gained.
The War Department has received official
intelligence confirming the truth of the re
port that the Mormons are in orins, have
burned the government wagons with their
coo tents, and that Brigham Young has issued
hie proclamation warning the United States
troops off the territory. Young graciously
agrees, that if tho troops will give up their
arms sod ammunition, he will keep them
from starving during the winter--but adds
that they musti;!ear out in the spring! To
this proclamation, Cjlouel Alexander has
replied, that the movements of the U. S.
troops will depend entirely upon the orders
received from the General commanding. It
may be too late in the season lor further ac
tive military operations, but we trust that
moat decided measures will be taken to put
down this rebellion, and bring the traitors
to such punishment, under our laws, as is
•fixed to their crime.
Gov. Wise's letter is very characteristic, to
•ay the least of it—and, as a part of the his
tory of the politics of the day, will be gener
ally read. It bristles with italics, and is
faroeious with small capitals, but the damage
done is not at all in proportion to the “eiso of
tbs charge or the loudness of the report.''—
After all, bis conclusion is, that, as he un
derstands Senator Hunter's letter, he has no
Issue with him; and, as the Enquirer now
•seme to come to pretty near the same con
clusion, the whole affair ends in smoke, or
rather in words! It is not necessary, there
fore, as the matter now stands, to indulge in
farther comments._
The Union publishes the Schedule annexed
|o tbs proposed new Constitution of Kansas,
and congratulates the country that “the vex
•d question is settled—the problem is solved
—the dead point of danger is passed—dll se
rious trouble about Kansas affairs is over
gone. Kansas comes into the Union on
lbs principle of the great act which organized
her and Nebraska as territorial governments.”
This Schedule submits tbe constitution to
the white inhabitants of Kansas; acknow
ledges the people of the new State to bo the
only tribunal that can rightfully determine
wbat its domestic institutions shall be; and
gives full, practical, and fair effect to the
great principle of popular sovereignty. On
ths 21st day of December next, the electors
may meet at, their proper places of voting
•ad express their opinions by ballot on the
question of slavery or no slavery. If a ma
jority shall vote in favor of slavery, then the
provision wbiob makes Kansas a slave State
will remain in tbe constitution, and in that
•baps it will be laid before Congress. But
if tbs greater number of ballots be cast tbe
Other way, that provision will be stricken
out, and then every negro in the State, ot
hereafter to go there, will be free, except
lbs few who are now there in the legal condi
tioa of servitude. ^
— __ • « ftt* _I__a a a L. a a lb a
The National lmeiiigeucer uu^
Executive will immediately inetitute an in
quiry into the circumstances which have en
abled Gen. Walker, the filibuster, to deride
the laws of the laud, and, in so far as such
ti event can tend in that direction, to briug
reproach upon the good faith ol the t«o*eru
Mst in the eyes of the world. Respect for
the injunctions aliko of our own laws and ol
the obligations imposed by international
honor and morality, demand that the fede
ral Government should be exonerated from
the suspicions which may unjustly attach to
it iu the judgment of the censorious.
Gou. Concha and his subordinates in Cuba,
m waking up to the suppression of the
elate trade. The Spanish war steamer on
Hat ultimo had captured the American
Vatqua “Vesta,” of Boston, and brought her
tele port, having on board 116 Africans.—
On the 7th November the steamer Colon
brought into port an American barque, ca p
tured iu the vicinity of Sagua la Grande,
having on board 460 Africaos, the clneere
ued crow aparently Americans. The vessel
it supposed to be the Petrel, owned partly
te Boston (formerly) and Portland.
The Constitutional Convention of Oregon,
has dosed its labors, and the Constitution
waa to ba submitted to the vote of the people
UU tbs 9th November. Almost every ioflu
trial newspaper in the Territory has taken
grounds against the adoption of the Consti
rim bp the people, and not a few of the
MSWhsrs of the convention have taken tite
against its adoption. There were
mmmaraus sritis— raised to it, and now it
was very questionable whether it would pass.
Bm« nod insole Me. to be popultr qual
Mrntinet for pUoro of twet noder the New
York Ckjflefeewnent Street Co«.imioo
mOmSt bee oppoiotod To. Ilejer to be
MMrieteedeot of leode end pieces, eod
paipUeto hew been selected for cob
The Legislature of Vermont haa passed a
bill relating to trustees of railroad mortgages,
giving the bond holders the management of
their own property, by their right to choose
their own trustees, or to form a new corpora
tion, making their bonds into stock. This
is a change which has long been desired by
the holders of Vermont Central and Rut
land aud Burlington securities, as they now
bave an oppportunity of making a change in
the management, if they think their interests
are not properly looked after.
Rev. John £. El wards, the pastor of the
Washington Street church, in Petersburg
Va., fouud under his breakfast plate, on Sat
urday morning last, a check for $200, accora
panied by a oote, signed by a number of gen
tlerneu in his congregation, requesting him
to accept the amount enclosed as a token of
their appreciation of his services during the
past conference year as their pastor.
! Mr. Henry Buckingham, of Norwalk, O ,
who has ju3t returned from Oregon, by way
of California, across the Plains, reports the
largest overland emigration to California,
that has been known for years. Most of the
emigration was from Missouri and Arkan
sas, generally families going to California to
reside permanently.
j The New Orleans papers record the death of
the Hon. Deuuis Prieur, of that city, aged GG
years. The deceased was formerly Mayor of
New Orleans and Collector of the Port, and
, was highly esteemed as an honorable and
| high-miuued gentleman.
A recent letter of the President of the Af
rican republic of Liberia, to the New York
' Colonization Society, says, that peace and
, plenty prevail in Liberia, aud that affairs
are going on successfully.
_ _
Ueneral Scott has issued general orders,
i giving in detail, accounts of tho gallant con
duct of tho l:. S. officers aud troops iu recent
| conflicts with hostile Indians on the frontiers. j
i President Comonfurt, of Mexico, is again
clothed with dictatorial powers, but on what
precise terms, and for wha* length of time,
was not known at the last dates.
! A privato letter from a reliable source inti- !
mates that if General Walker is intercepted
at Nicaragua, be will next be heard of at
| Hayti. ^ _
According to the New York papers, scarce
ly a night passes iu that city without the rob
i bery and maltreatment of some citizen or
stranger iu the streets.
KVyaterloua UU»ppe»nu»ce ora Child.
| Conet]H>n<leuce of the Richmond Dispatch. ] :
j McGaijeysvim.e, Rucking ham Co.. Va., >
November 12. )
Ou Monday last, this end of the county
was thrown into great excitement, by the re
port that two children, each about two years
old, were lost in or near the Peaked Moun- :
tain. The facts of the case appear to be
these: The youngest child of Mrs. Mallory !
was at a near neighbor’s playing with her
child of about the same age, and rambled oft’
together in the woods. She says they were
not gone mere than ten minutes before she j
heard a child crying, and went in search of
them and found her child, but it could not ,
tell where the other child was. The neigh
bors where then sent for, and close search
made for the last child, but without success
that day. They assembled again at night,
and with torches resumed the search, but a j
heavy rain falling in the night, they were
compelled to quit until the ensuing day, when
a large number assembled, and formiog them
selves into a line, about ten steps apart, they
traversed the mountain for several miles
around, but finding no trace of the lost child,
and wearied with the bard travel, they would j
fain have given up the search, but the tears
of the almost heart bruken parents prompted
them to renew the hunt, until the darkness !
of night compelled them, with sad hearts,
to return. The search was continued in this
manner for several days, but without success. ■
The place where the child was found by its :
mother, was about half a mile from tbe
house, and it seems impossible that it could
have gone so far in so short a time (ten j
minutes) as its mother said, and equally im
possible that she could have heard it cry so
far. These evidently false statements, in con- j
nection with other circumstances, tend to
! throw* suspicion in that quarter, and \w
probably lead to an examination, as many j
persons believe that the child was stolen. ,
| About four vears ago, the mother of the lost
child was shot, through a Crack in the bouse,
whilst depositing her babe in the cradle.
Dennett on tit® Pressure.
Bennett of the Herald, when he think?
proper to deal ia facts, can compress a large
number of them in lew words, lake the
following as a specimen :
We cannot traoe them to the tariff ofl»4o,
but we can trace them to toe batiks and stock
jobbers, the railroad and land speculators, tbe
fashions flummeries, fopperies, extravagan
cies, vanities, licentiousness, rogueries, detal* j
cations, emb» zzleinents, forgeries, frauds, per |
i tn.inii ntt ^ *11 the other rascalities of a w ide !
j spread uemoruliz itiou among men and wo
i men, saint* and sinners-from puritanical
Boston to Sabbath breaking New Orleans. !
These are the potent cause* of the present re
vulsion, and a two hundred per cent, tariff
against these terrible evils ot the time* would
have been as powerless as a rowboat m the
fulls ol Niagara. Millionaire railroad jobbers,
stock jobbers, land jobbers, banks, specula
tors and forgers, fast young men, fast old
meu, fast women, fast horses, brandy, bil
liards aud faro, French gewgaws, iiwhtena
ble rivalries in wasting money, and all such
rubbish, stuff and abomination, have doue
the business. _
Important from Kansas.
St. Lot is, Nov. IG.—Kansas advices state ;
that the constitution adopted by the Consti
tutional Convention, was by a vote of J* in fa
vor of it, to about a doien against it. lhe
whole number of delegates to the convention
was sixty, consequently the constitution was
adopted by a minority of the convention.
The majority and minority report* of the
committee on a schedule were merged Into
one schedule. It provides for an election on
the 21st ol December, to ratify or reject the •
constitution, the voting to t e by ballot, and ,
the votes cast to be endorsed “Constitution
with Slavery" and “Constitution without Sla
very,also for an election to be held on the
first Monday in January next, for the elec
tion of State and Congressional tickets.
The Lawredce correspondent of the Demo
crat assertsthat no free State-man will rote on
the 21st of December. ^
A Slfs of Time*.
A Slap at the Aristocracy.- A few days
since, Miss J.S-was walking in the
Fifth avenue, and was met by a man prob
! ably one of those that have been going about
I cheering Mayor Wood-~wbo deliberately j
slapped her face, saying; "There, take that
for dressing so fine."
Now, Miss S-is as remarkable for her
simple attire as she is for her extensive char
ities and lovely disposition—and this was
her reward for her morning walk to her rag
ged school class. A slap in the face for drai
ning eo fiae!—X Exp.
Small Notes In Rlctiiuoud*
The efforts to reintroduce certain con
traband currency, in this city, have been
.“nipped in the bud” by tbe process of law.
Tbe subject was before tbe Grand Jury last
week and numerous presentments were made.
While speaking of “small notes” we deem it
an act of justice to correct a misapprehen
sion in regard to tbe proposition in regard to
the proposition submitted by Mr. Gretter, at
the meeting of tbe City Council, on Tuesday
last. lie did not spring upon tho Council the
question of authorizing an immediate issue of
bonds of small denomination, designed to be
used as a circulating medium. His resolu
tion was merely an instruction to tbe Finaoce
Committee, to "inquire into the leyality’ of
an issue of such bonds, and he stated expli
citly that if an adverse report was returned,
he would vote for it, thereby showing his
willingness to abide bv the judgment of the
Committee, after a careful investigation had
been made. Mr. Gretter said that his object
in offering the resolution was to eoable the cor
poration to meet its liabilities on the first of
January with facility, and at the same time
to afford a circulating medium. The poorer
classes of the community are now driven to
the necessity of paying 75 cents for a beef
steak, whioh under ordinary circumstances,
they would ouly have to p ly 25 cents for;
because if a man now preheats a $5 note in
payment for his purchase, whether it be a
steak, or anything else, he must submit to a
shave of ten per cent. It was the duty of the
Council to protect tho citizens.
Mr. Hill said that an issue of the kind
proposed would be a violation of the laws of
the Commonwealth, and had been so decided
on a previous occasion. It was useless, there
fore, to inquire into the matter.
Mr. Deooon said that before he would vote
for the proposition he would resign his seat,
because ho bad taken an oath to sustain the
statutes of tho State and the comnno law of
the State. This sehoaoe was in direct con
flict with both, lie had individually expe
rienced no difficulty in getting change in
market, when he purchased meat, and had
found the banks willing to accommodate him
with small amounts of specie. As to the
liabilities of the city, bo thought the best plau
to meet them was, like tucu, to raise the taxes
Capt. Dimmock remarkod that if there was
one duty of the Council more imperious than
another, it was to afford protection to the
poor. It was an ea«y matter for gentlemen
who had money in bank to get change, but
let a poor mau present a $5 note at the coun
ter of a bank, and he will be turned away.
Capt. 1>. said that it would afford him plea
sure to vote for any legal measure of relief
to the laboriug classes, and bo would accord
ingly support Mr. Gretter’s resolution, in or
der that the question of legality might be in
Mr. Denoon said that sonic men shine and
raise themselves into high places by preach
ing about the poor, lie was not one of that
kind. All this idea, and this much talk
about “the poor” amounts to this ono thing :
Every man who gets his living by his labor
and the “sweat of his brow” stands equal in
this community. For his part, be would
not stand up here and pass any law for
tho bouetit of one class and the injury of the
Mr. Grattan said that for twenty years the
Legislature had been engaged in framing
laws to prohibit the circulation of small notes,
and the phraseology of the statutes could not
be evaded. Moreover, if the Committee ot
Finance were to report favorably, and the
report was adopted, tho Legislature would
not be here three weeks before a speeiul law
would bo passed requiring tho recall of the
After further remarks by Messrs. Grattan
and Dimmock, in regard to the poor, Mr.
llobinson reminded the Council that the
question of “bread or blood” was not before
the body, but a resolution of inquiry.—
Though in favor of small notes, he would
vote against the resolution, with his pre
sent convictions us to the legality of the
Mr. Whitfield expressed a somewhat simi
lar view. The inquiry might bo attended
with the expense of half a doz n lawyers’
fees, and the subject, would then come
back reported unconstitutional, and bo re
The vote was then taken, and the question
on the passage of the resolution determined in
the negative. —Rich. Whiy.
A Polmi of Consistency Discussed.
We concur with “The South” in the gen
eral proposition, that “a difference with tho
President on a single poiut of policy d >es
not involve an inevitable and absolute hos
tility to the Administration.” But when
that point of policy pertains directly and
portentiously to the slavery question, we
cannot admit that the difference is not se
riously significant of something more than
a mere friendly remonstrance; and here is
tho precise point at which “The South” and
ourselves meet. Our neighbor denounces
Walker as an iDgrate and a traitor, who
has usurped authority to aid in the advance
ment of abolitionism. With little or no in
termission be has been heaping upon him
epithets of invective for months. Ho was
long ago convinced that Walker had for
feited all claim to tho confidence of the
Southern people; and each new sceno in the
drama seems, in itself, to preseut to him
undeniable evidence of the base treachery
of the principal actor. And yet, the Ad
ministration retails Gov. Walker in office.
nnntAnd that if Walker has all
the while beeu abmdng bis prerogatives of
t.flicc, to further the anti slavery cause io
Kansas, the Administration has been conni
ving at his nefarious conduct, and should
be held responsible.
llow “The South" can consider Gov. wal
ker clearly convicted of the grave charges it
bat brought against him, and, at the same
time, acquit Mr. Buchanan, is a mystery
to us. If one is a traitor, tbe other has en
couraged his treason. Aud if Mr, Buch
anan's course towards the slave States is the
“single point of policy" on which ho is to be
assailed, it would bo mere mockery for the
same Southern men who bring against him
such a charge, to pretend to support his Ad
ministration “in tbe main." lie is either
true to the South, or he is not. And as to
“a single poiot of policy" oo which Southern
inco may differ from bim and still not be hos
tile to him. it must be some other point than
that on which he U now directly and indi
rectly assailed.
“Tho Sjutb" is positively assured, be
yond the shadow of a doubt, that Governor
Walker has intentionally and illegally favor
ed the abolitionists in Kansae. Mr. Buch
anan has not removed him notwithstanding.
Does he not then approve his course? Most
assuredly. And still our neighbor would
draw a wide distinction between the two. It
is inexplicably inconsistent.—Jiich. Enq.
Affairs Wltl» N icaragua.
There is little if any doubt that a treaty
has been signed by Secretary Cass and the
Nicaraguan Minister, Gen. Irissabri, relative
to the transit route. Tbe route is to be pro
tected by tbe United Statoe troops during the
inability ot Nicaragua to do so, and a free
port is to be guarantied at each end of tne
line. No company is protected by na«pe>
but only that having a valid grant, which
shall recognise tbe obligation of ibis treaty.
The Government of Nicaragua has, through its
Minister, signified to tbe Government of the
United Staiee that the only company having
such grant is tbe American Atlantic and
aPcific Ship Canal Company, created by Nic
jtrftgua in 1849, and amended in Juue last.
Letter from Gov. Wise.
To the editors of the Richmond Enquirer:
Richmond, Va., Nov. IG.b, 1857.
Gentlemen :—You have seen proper to in
terrogate me, through the ••Enquirer,” as tc
the position I occupy touching the election
of a Senator of the United States; and, be
lieving that they are in good faith, fair and
not uufriendly, I promptly reply to youi
questions as publicly as they are put.
for more than twelve months rumors have
been circulated that it was my desire and
design to oust Mr. liuuter, if I could, from
bis seat in the S.-nate of the United Slates;
and my name in that connexion has been
handled about in conversation and by the
press, with a license which assumed the ai:
of authority. By whom, with what motive,
to what end, these rumors were started, it is
not my purpose now to discuss. My object
is to allay excitement and prevent division iu
the Democratic party ot Virginia; and to
that end I aver, that these rumors are unau
thorized by auything said or done by me,
that they are without ioundation, and I defy
the production of .the proof or evideuce that
1 have ever expressed or manifested the im
puted desire or dcsijn.
After my arduous struggle iu 1855 for the
salvation of the Democratic party, I loodly
hoped to have the sympathy and support of
all its sections iu Virginia, and to be able
to act with all in equal confidence, and to
serve all in the office 1 now till. 1 regret to
say that in this I was disappointed. A
short time only elapsed, alter entering upon
my duties, before a jealousy aud a distrust
were seen where I most expected confidence
aud friendly aid and counsel. 1 did my
best, by turning away from this, to avert
both its cause and its effect. But, inoppor
tunely for harmony, the contest for the nom
ination for the Presidency came on early in
i860, aud my preference lor Mr. Buchanan,
eutertaiued lor many years, was agaiu made
known. I adhered to his nomination, for
reasons which now must ho too obvious to
every candid and conservative patriot and
Democrat, to need either argument or ex
cuse. No other nominee of the party could,
probably, Lave been elected. There was not
one of his competitors lor whom 1 would not
j cheerfully have voted. 1 had, in tact, aided,
among other triends of Mr. Buchanan in
185*2, in nominating Mr. Pierce, uud in 18.>5,
had intimated ui7 approval ol other candi
dates. But, having for his eminent abilities
and services preferred Mr. Buchanan in
in 1844 1S4S and 1 So‘2. and deeming him
tbo only available candidate iu 18.30, 1 co
operated zealously with bis trieuds in secur
ing fur bis Domination tbe vote ol Virginia.
But no effort was made, no resort bad to any
menus, to secure this, which could justly be
complained of by his rivals and their friends,
lie lmd, without effort, comparatively, two
thirds ol the delegation of Virginia at Cin
cinnati, and that majority did not fully rep
resent the constituencies which preferred
: him. Aud notwithstanding the attempts ol
i those opposed to his nomination, to destroy
the prestige of Virginia by attempting to
split her delegation in the Convention, aud,
in fact, to nullify a majority by a minority,
by dividing her districts as well as tlie S ate,
and to count the Oid Dominion naught in tbe
nomination, her delegation stood firm as it
had done at Baltimore iu 1SJ2, when thirty
lour successive ballots were cast for James
Buchanan, and the vote of Virginia decided
the Convention iu his favor. The election
proved how pre-eminently popular he was in
this “good old Commonwealth.” Thirty
thousand majority proclaimed him the choice
of Virginia, by lar more than two-thirds, if
not four tilths of the Democratic voters. A
majority of the politicians in place preferred
others, but tbe people prefer: ed him by au
overwhelming, almost unanimuus vo‘c.
The election was marked by extraordina
ry manifestations. Tbe contest was, wheth
FLUENCE of old England and Canada, oper
upon New York and the New England
States, and upon the lake borders of oth
er States, should invade us further South;
Pennsylvania decided that issue; but for a
time it was extremely doubtful. And in the
midst of that doubt there was heard a low
muttering in the South of a subdued, but sul
leu discontent amowj stone Jar of those who
voted even for Mr. Jtitchauan’s election. The
feeling, tjrumbled rather than openly expres
sed by them, was of a hope that the Black
Flag might be raised over us, to rouse the
Southern people to u revolution which would
throw’ off the bonds of tbe Union. It is well
known and proudly admitted that, had that
ilag been hoisted over the Capitol of the Uni
ted Stafes, under the open proclamations of
the elcciiou, I for one would have waited for
no other “overt act” of aggression or oppres
sion; but 1 was, therefore, the more anxious
to secure a Democratic triumph, to prevent
revolution and to preserve the Union. This
separated me from tbe extremists South.
I doubt whether they would all Lave fol
lowed me to the lengths I would have gone,
had cause for revolution been given; but
whilst I was for warding off extreme issues
by electing a conservative Democrat who
could unito all patriots and save the Union,
they, a small and very exclusive clique,
were for driving us upon revolution—reluc
tantly supported tbe Democratic nominee,
and at heart were disappointed at the Demo
cratic triumph which saved us from all “last
extremities.” The horse and the rider ol
Black Republicanism were overthrown, but
in the general rejoicing there wai no shout
from the hearts or the Lxcutsive r.xtremisis,
They, however honest, were aad, and iheir
countenances were dark and dismal in ths
midst of general congratulations aud smiles
that the National Democracy had saved our
oountry oneo more from extreme peril.
Soon after the election of President, ami
during all of last winter and spring, that
which was at first a whisper became muro aud
more audible, until it broko out into a loud
and openly uttcriug voice,—“that there was
a plot to supplant Mr. Hunter in the Senate
by (Jovernor Wise and his friends.” Know
ing that there was no foundation lor this in
aught 1 bad said or done or authorized te
be said or done, and the hypothesis present
ing itself that there might be enemies of both
Mr. Hunter and myself who were tiying tc
sow tares between us lor their own selfish
and sinister ends, I still averted uiy mind
from other definite conclusions respecting
the authors and the motives ot those reports,
and continued to reuiain silent. But the
time came for the organization ol Mr. Buch
anan’s cabinet. It was arranged by himself,
U) his own liking, on his own responsibility,
to suit his own confidential relations in of
fice, and was composed of a majority ol
Southern men, of all sections of Southern
Democracy, preferring no clique, and of a
caste designed to harmonize sil elements in
the party, Noith and South, East aud We-t.
It was organized on the National platiorm ol
the Cincinnati Convention. As the bend
and representative of the party, nc general
ized as well as he could, the personel and
material ol the yreat Democracy of the Uni
ltd States. This was what a President *>J the
United States should have endeavored to do,
It might not please all, individually or sec
tioD&ily, but it wag Jor all and not for apart.
And the great mass of the party :was well
couteot and generally acquiesced in the or
ganization. But the President bad hardly
been inaugurated, bad but just taken bis
seat, had said nothing and done nothing, be
sides bis ioaugur&l address and selection ol
his cabinet, defining or indicating a policy
bad not been in office sixty days—not thirty
—-when a Porcupine Opposition raised a
quill at every p iut of policy and at every
plan of jxisuncl in the Administration, and
the attempt teas made to damn the whole Dem
ocratic party of the North, and every South
\ cm man who trusted them, with doubt or dis
; trust or outspoken denunciation. Au affilia
ted press was found organized from Rich
mond to New Orleans, which opened its bat
teries of sweeping, rancorous. and vihdictive
opposition, denouncing certaio members of
the cabinet, and especially certain Smtbern
i members, misgiving as to the foroign, and
' exciting suspicion as to the home policy—
warning against imaginary evils—doubting
the good faith of some friends—disparaging
others—not sparing the President himself—
and especially denouncing a National Democ
racy. And all ttiis was begun and publish
| f(1 »oo before Goo. Walker was ever scut to
Kansas. We were to be betrayed before we
were betrayed! 1'he Northern Democracy
were not to be relied on! The President lain
, self was of that Democracy!!
Now, gentlemen, prior to the campaign of
1850 there were but two lines of sectional di
vision in the United State?, the Mason and
Dixon, and the Missouri compromise lines.—
They were geographical, partly, io their char
acter, aod were well defined and understood.
Many evils growing out of them had been iu
the past, and could be in the future, guarded
; against. But iu 1850 another and more onr
; iuous line was disclosed obliterating all oth
ers. It was uot defined upon the earth, but
revealing itself by what sailors call a “*Sun
Djg” in the East, it awed superstition like
an angry comet portending evil, aud shot a
( dull black uui white gloom looming though
the midst ol the Arctic iceberg—striking
| from over Old England, by the Newfound
land banks, cuitiug off all New England and
New York, aud passing mid way through
Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, and
indefinitely Westward. All North ol that
line was Black Republican, and all south of
it was what was called Egypt!
What did this mean? What portem? —
Why, it was a sign in the very *'heavens of
, the wisdom of Washington’s Farewell ad
dress— to beware of Purtiyn Influence and
| Sectional Strife. The constant commercial
and social intercouse of New England and
New York with old England, aud tiid imme
diate neighborhood of the Lake balder with
Canada, had let in the woli ol English leeling
I and prejudice and social habit aod lanati*
i ciom and influence into our fold agaiust the
institutions of the whole United States, as es
tablishul by our Constitutions of Govern
ment. it is the most insiduous foe which
has ever mvaled our country. It is English
lliliuence, operating suciany, uuueruimmg
j our institutions, and threatening our peace
| and safety, bound up in the cords of our Na
i tional Union. In this sense it is this nation
—this whole nation —our natiun, agaiust its
old enemy—English influence. Aud who
met that influence and backed it from off our
nation’s soil, past the Mason and Dixon and
past the Missouri line, as far North as the
i "Sun Dog" line, which divided Murk lie
publicana from Fyypt ? It was Deoioc r»cy
i —Norrheru Democracy—National Democra
cy ! The same true sort of patriotic Amercan
; ism—of Brother Johnathaniam—which fought
i at Erie and Plattsburg and Lundy’s Lane,
| and drove John Bull back ioto Canada?—
That is the sort uf Nationality I love and
cherish, as 1 love and honor my country—
my whole country. With true devotion, in
' the midst of non-slave holding pas-ions and
; prejudices—with no ties or associations of
| their own with slavery, except National—
: with Fanaticism thundering Church anathe
mas and excommuuicatiou over their heads
—rhey—the Northern Deuaoracy, whether in
majorities or proscribed minorities, with
steady and unwavering faith, taxed them
selves with heavy contributions, and raised
the Natioual Flag of protection over our
Constitution of Government, over our proper
ty of every sort, over good faith among men,
I over State rights and State equality, over
| popular self government, over the States
1 separately and united, over the United States.
! aud battled for us and for all, tind drovo back
l the insidious and foreign foe to the Sun Dog
j line, where it yet glooms in defeat. Nothing
is so fatally sure to kindle the pale and sickly
1 beam of that "blue light’’ hue uf sectional
ism into a lurid flame of lire to devour our
country, as fur Southern Democracy to doubt,
distiust or denouoce Northern Democracy,
after such noble sacrifices as those they made
in the campaign of lboG. The southern De
mocracy never has done this, and never will
until Nationality in the sense oj American
patriotism and devotion to the Lmon of the
American States, ceases to burn iu American
bosoms everywhere North and Sjuth.
Nationality in opposition to Democracy or
: State rights. I oppose. I oppose all that sort
uf Federal Nationality which would consoli
date ns into one centralized despotism. 1
loathe that sort ot Nationality which pro
poses and adopts Compromises of any sort,
of ihc Constitution or for the Constitution.
But the Nationality of Democracy, which
supports and defends the Constitution and
its strict constriction, which maintains State
rights and Slate equality and keeps the faith
oi compacts, which guards the Union and
| the c Hintry, against foreign and domestic
; foes, 1 honor and cherish and glory iu ! And
i this is the National Democracy which this
| Opposition, openly developed as early as
April last, in the South, assault*. I! this he
stricken down, what have we to rely on or to
' ally with in the North? And, yet, it was
j to strike at this—it was to follow up, not to
begin the blows, that the moment a Governor
, was sent to Kansas and he moved in his of
I lice, his speeches were seized on as a pretext
to atsail the Northern Democracy and the
Administration and its friends. Destroy con
lidencc in these, and then the riot m ruin
would begin. It was then that conservative
Democrats began to a*k Is this opposition
or not? — if this he what is called the hacking
! of friends, what is the opposition of Joes? Is
! this Opposition dangerous or not? II hose is
j it? Who arc responsible for it ? Who backs
it? Whence dots it conic?—to what tend'
It was no tiuio to stop and dally with the
1 minor matter of Mr. Walker’s stump speeches
j —delivered with what motive, to what end—
I pro or con slavery—with good or bad design,
' no one could fairly decide, without knowing
j all the surrounding circumstances and diffi
culties in which he was involved. He had
beeu a Mississippi Senatur. He had been
‘ honored and trusted by the South. He bad
I done more tor the annexation of Texas than
! any Southern Senator. He had been Sccre
; -ary of the Treasury under a Southern Pnsi
dent, and had dune more for Free Trude than
i an v man before or since bis timeiu thecabinet.
Surely the President could trust him not to
1 betray the South which he had thus served
■ and which bad thus honored and trusted him,
: and not to betray the North which had borne
j him. And he is an able and sagacious man
too, whose talents might be trusted to form
the best judgment on the spot as to the best
and most politic movements. But whether
' he acted wisely or foolishly, op whether
his intentions were good or bad, his acts and
motives were nothing, compared with,the
weightier matters of the country involved in
this sudden and insidious ojigosiiom, w hich
gave no time for developments, or for dispas
sionate examination and proof, or even for
just condemnation of b;m, if ho had done
w rong—but began a hot and heavy war upon
him as a corrupt "satrap,” a felon traitor!
This could uot but reflect upon the Adminis
tration and the party which appointed and
retained him in place. It was out ingenuous
to pretend to discriminate between the “Presi
dent and the Governor of the Territory.”
i “Like mao, like master.” if be was this
criminal, Mr. Buchanan was bound to know
it, and if be knew it, be was no better, but
rather worse than Governor Walker. This
reasoning this opposition knew would seize
on the public mind, and would, if uucuhtra
dieted, impair confidence in the Adiuinistra*
; tioo. It was making an adverse impression
! rapidly, when the “Enquirer’'interposed with
its treochaut pen, as ot old, and arrested the
rush of the charge on tbe Natiuual Demo
cracy nod its representatives in power. It
took up tbe enquiry: “Id not this rank hos
tility ? Is not this a prepared and premature
j oppositiou before the Administration has be
gun its course—before it has met its tint
I Congress, or sent its first message? What
does it mean? Whose is it? Who backs
it*?” I thank the “Enquirer” for that blow.
Tbs shade of the O.d Napoleon of the press
smiled in his parental hovering over the
“Enquirer,” when that sturdy blow fell io
its stroke for bis darling Democracy. In my
inmost neart 1 felt right well when that
brave blow' was struck. It was brave and
bold to strike it; for tho Public Priuting, as
well as the Senatorship, was at stake, it
* seems. The activity in tho elections last
spring looked not ouiy t > the incumbency of
Mr. Hunter, but to tbe incumbency of the
“Enquirer” too ; and, doubtless, to all tne
great interests involved. The “Enquirer,”
assuredly, has saved tbe Democracy of Vir
ginia from bciug involved iu this Porcupine
| oppositiou.
[ Here follows the passage io tbe letter
which was extracted iu yesterday’s Gazette,
and which it is not necessary to republish.]
I It is true that lie (Mr. II ) seems to be op
posed to the submission of tho Constitution of
Kansas, by her Convention, to tbo bona tide
i inhabitants and legal voters of that territory.
Ho takes the ground, that if the people are
silent, about tne power of tbe Convention in
this respect; tnat if the Convention was not
expressly restrain'd from proclaiming what
! ever form they adopt as the Constitution of
the State, theu they have the power so to
proclaim it, and to send it to Congress, with
out submitting it to the p&ple. I kuow that
there arc precedents fur this exerejse of pow
er by Conventions, but the precedents are io
their inception exceptionable cases, and the
doctrine which unholds them is, in my hum
ble opinion, anti-Democratic. The true doc
trine i-, that the powers not delegated by the
jteople at' t'cscrd d t</ them. They may grant
j sucu a power to the Convention; but it not
granted, it is reserved: that a Constitution,
termed and proposed by a Convention which
j is but a representative body, shall be submit
ted to tho people, who alone are sovereign.—
The Convention to torm a Constitution is not
' sovereign or supreme. Tl»e act of making a
! State is the highest act of sovereign power,
j aud is the act of humanity, uext highest to
| that of Deity, in making a being of auy sort.
; The act is not less than tocreate a sovereign
ty itself. Asa Democratic Republican, then,
1 would never deleg Ue conventional power*
to any body of agents to create a State, with
out requiring them to submit the act to their
principals, the people. la 177b, an unau
, t'norized body of patriots assembled at Wil
I liamsburg, constituted themselves a Couven*
I tion, and formed and proclaimed a Constitu
tion for Virginia, without submitting it to
the votes of the colonists. Rot it volution
began in that way. There was no tune and
i no opportunity to poll votes in a moment of
! rebellion, under the domination of British
[Gov. Wise then enters into a discussion
• of the subject of referring the Constitution
1 of Kansas to the citizens of the Territory,
and prefers that it should be so referred.—
lie, also, refuses to condemn Gov. Walker for
rejecting the fraudulent votes iu two of the
counties of the territory, lie then proceeds:]
When Governor Walker's nomination shall
lie made to the Senate of tlio United States,
if made at all, it will go before Mr. Hunter
as one of the Senators who are to try its fit
ness and propriety. And, if upon a lull and
(air examination of his course and conduct in
Kansas, he finds that the Governor ha* ex
ceeded his authority, has violated his oath of
office or his du y in office, or has betrayed
the high and sacred trust reposed in hioi to
see the laws, and especially the Kansas bill,
faithfully executed, and to see that all the
people from ail sections were alike, equal
ly and impartially protected—then Mr. Hun
ter will be reprehensible, indeed, if be does
not vote to reject Lis nomination, and to re
buke the mai-a dmiuislratioo. If Governor
Walker has really attempted to dicate to,
aud to threaten the Convention or the people
of Kansas, in any f;rui or any extent, he
deserves the severest reprehension. But, be
fore he is eondeuititd, he ought to be heard
by hi» judges, who are to sit officially upon
bis acts, it I am not greatly mistaken in the
ability and motives of the man, be may be
able to show that the ve ry words of his speech,
quoted by Mr. Huuter, are capable of a far
dilfercot meaning, and are anything but
unfriendly to the South or to slavery.—
lie may have meant to throw upon Topeka
partizaus the responsibility of not voting, §o
that if a pro slavery Constitution should be
sent to Congress, the plea could not be put
up that the people were not implored to vote
and decide the issue for themselves. And
j instead ut meaning to dictate or to threaten,
! his very words quoted roav h^ve mantsim*
i nly to remind the Convention that their work
mis to be submitted to a body—Congress—
I witirh had solemnly settled the principle, that
the people of the /' mtury were to adopt or re
ject their civil institutions tor themselves, with
out intervention from uny quarter. This may
have been and seems to have been, an awk
ward way of conveying the meaning, as it it
so easily misunderstood, but if that turns out
to be the true meaning, Mr. Hunter might
(ind he had mistaken u friend for a foe. But
I surely, it is not ex pec tea or .ur. iiunitr or
j my self, at this <1 stance, with a total want of
. correct information, as to his motives or mea
sures to condemn the Governor of Ivannas,
with a purpose prepense to retloct on the Ad
| ministration and to damn all who honestly
! doubt and def« r judgment to a fair hearing.
I know Mr. Walker very well, and have seen
his nerve tried. 1 would prefer that he bad
acted in his office rather than have made
n/whas on tiit aluniji, but hu will, in due
time —1 suppose, merely, for 1 am not in
formed ol his intention*—make his defence
and then we shall know letter bow to find
our verdicts. If l.e he guilty, as charged, I
shall join strongly in his condemnation.
And if 1 liad him void of offence, clear in
his office 1 will respond "not •/nitty," with
out ierr, favor or affection, so help u»e,
when 1 ask fer justice, in spite of all politi
cal clamor, though I shall stand alone on the
panel. I have been too long tried io my
truth to the South, and to slavery, to fear any
* false imputation upon my motives, though
ray judgment in the case may bo erroneous
when rendered. It is uot rendered yet.
Si, then, these points being, though mate
; rial, open, some of them to a fair difference
of opiuiou, and others to further investiga
tion and proof; and Mr. Hunter disclaiming
the spirit and purpose of opposition, by ex
pressing the de-sire and expectation to be
able to support the Administration in the
main, ( make do issue with him; and with
my understanding ol his pledges, I cannot
allow my name to distract and divide the
Virginia Democracy in opposition to his re
L-lecti m. I can have no personal i»sue with
Mr. Hunter; our relations have ever beeu too
friendly to admit of any other acts on my
j part than those of kindness, lie is an euit
: neatly able and long-experienced statesman,
and cannot l>e well spared, by the Democra
cy of the State, as long as he desires and
expects to support the party which it so tri
umphantly put into power against the foee
of the South. And the South needs, at thia
time, especially, to be united, and cannot
afford a division on immaterial .or personal
issues. Whether there be a disposition to
sacrifice me or not, 1 am ready to bo made a
victim, it it will unite the South, bind to our
affection and confidence the true p^tri u t
the North, defend the Constitution and St./
Rights, preserve the Union, and keen i*
peace of the country in the bonds only „f *
equal and amicable confederacy. “Q
You say right, in saying that I am not re
sponsible for the editorials ot the KnuUire
oor is tl.« Enquirer respo.iUe for my opim*,/’
or course. No paper has been authorized to
•peak for me on the subject of this letter j
have organized no presses, and I have extC
ted or asked for no pledges of candidates f r
seats in the Legislature. Much that 1 haw
seen in your paper I do, and some thingt I
do not approve. Some of your edit Tiall
have rather toosweepingly denounced
siouists” aud “fire-eaters.” You have tj
plained whom you meant, but I wish you htj
| called other names than those with whi h
i your bumble servant himself has ever he*
1 denounced. I am one of those who believe
; io the rightful remedy of a separation frotJ
the Confederacy, whenever the exercise < f
! that State right is demand by good and euf.
ficient cause. And, if thG exercise <.f thxt
right is uot peaceably permitted, it may be
enforced by the appeal to arms. The Fare
well Address of Washington is the old, and
the Virginia resolutions of *'J> tyJ Ufe
| new testament of my political faith. 1
| maintain the Uniou to the last extremity
! and fight for it to the last inch of ground l«?u
! to stand on; but when there is no other alter
native but subjugatiou or dishonor, (r m
either palpahlo intractions of theConstumj,,,,
or from intolerable oppression under its
j forms, I care not which, l will, if 1 mil
i tight out of the Union, if I can. “If ih.it be
treason, make the most of it.”
Mr. Buchanan and his Administration
have my most cordial confidence, and I th ill
support them so long as they do no more
wrong than they have as yet perpetrated.
But I will not pledge my support blindly and
implicitly, without exception, and I n ^ir*
no such pledge from Mr. Hunter.
In conclusion, letmeaverthat 1 do mi dr.uo
\a seat in the Senate of the I’niUd Star..-, and
'if l did I uuutd not desire it at SI,. Hunts's
expense. I trust that he and hi* friends dj
■ not desire his re election at my expense, and
that in future 1 may be relieved imtn' the
penalty of being deeuiod his rival, Lr that
Whether the Legislature will make the
election this cooing session, or postpone it
to a time nearer the teiinitiation of the six
years of the present term, it does not lee me
me to speak. They will decide that question
in their own way and time, without u»v pre
suming to interfere.
Having as fully responded as u;v several
labors will allow just at this time, 1 I. me to
bo allowed to work on, undisturbed to future
j by ony controversy respecting a seat iu the
j Senate of the lulled States involving the
I name of Yours, truly,
| Coll M1/ X 1*' ATt'l*.
It would seem that “rowdyiMn” is itiii
rampant iu Baltimore, and Washington, aud
some fears are eutertained lest the over'.! w
ings of tbe scum my dribble dowu upon us.
But tbe soil of Virginia has not and adl
not be polluted by the villainy of the ameli
as who disgrace humanity, by their outrage*,
riots, shootings, and assaults. They arc
dastardly cowards, and one brave Qian can
put a dozen of them to flight, though they
j be armed with clubs, billies, revolver*, and
; slung shot. If they dare to show their beast
ly countenances here, they will be tied up .n
sacks, and dipped into the Potomac, and sent
baok, labelled. VIRGINIANS.
I road with some surprise, a* an old citi
zen of Prince William, (not now a resident
of the eounty,) an article copied into the
Gazette from the Brentsville Journal, in re
lation to the state of feeliog there concerning
Governor Wise. Is it possible that there has
been such a revolution in public sentiment
as is there represented? And for the cause*
therein specified? If so, the old adigc that
“Prince William never change*.” can no
longer he used. COLCHESILR.
FLIVATE SALE.—Having an opportui •
of entering into business in 'he city. ’ '
advertise! would dispose of his stock of Phi
GOODS, GROCERIES, fcc upon ica^o! j! f
terms. The stand is one of the best in th** ^ ■
ley ot Virginia for the mercantile bui-in****.
neighborhood wealthy, and the community n
telligent. There can be from fifteen to twenty
thousand dollars worth of goodt> told annuity
at good profits.
Any one wishing to enter into business w«" i
do well to call ami examine the e»tablishm*i ’
will be rented for a term of years to >
the purchaser Possession will be given by
1st of March next, or sooner if preferred.
F.#r further information, those wishing t<» pm
chase, are requested to enquire at the office
the Winchester Republican.
Winchester, nov 19—eoOw*
REWARD!—Kanaway from ? r
subscriber on Saturday la»t. a (*■
gro man named ALFRED HERBERT, abnit
feet high, heavily built, and daik col<*i
The clothing he had on is not known H* •
polite, and when spoken to has a pleasant
pression. 1 will give $100 for hi?* recovery
taken in the state of Virginia, or $^*> it t*’^1
out of this state, in either case t<> be »er..re<: *
that 1 get him again. MATILDA L\ LES
nov 19—3t
Brown s bronchial troches t*;
the alleviation of Coughs, Asthma l! »>>
chitis. Hoarseness, Catarrh, and all disorder*"
the Breath and Lungs, Public S|*eaker* «*<•''
Singers will him the t roc net invaiuau.r *
clearing and strengthening the \oi»o a h 11
supply, just received, and lor sale by
Stabler’* old stand, Nos. 5 and 7 south Kan tax
II mo Itf_
Magazines for i> eg e m bi;k ’•1
FRENCH'S— Spltndid Fa.bn.ii
Godey s Lad vs Book, tor December, 'l1
Graham’s Magazine, U'o cts.
Peterson * Magazine, c»*.
Arthur's .Magazine, iS'jf cts.
Ballou's Magazine, 10 cts.
Harper's Magazine, S5cts. n •
wand's Tonie, Aytr't Cbtrrv I rr 1''r ’
H. Stabler A Co’s Kxjiectorant, Tarrant *
zer Aperient, Turlington’s Balsam. j'J-T
ed, and for tale by
J. H. PIER POINT. So l '*■'
nov 10 S K cor. of Kir g and With •*
; TOES, put up from choice Iruit. ra'y
the farm, and hermetically sealed bv * **ul
Stabler. Roslyn, Montgomery County. * *,J • *“
for sale by R. H S TABLER
nov 1^ No Ir ' IbN
large supply, just leceived.
low, by [novli) C. C BEU)
0|A/i REWARD—Ranaway on or
JSllMJ the 7th ot November, a
I man named ISRAEL WHITING. Israel
i wife living in Alexandria, where he wag , ,
lien on the day above named. Israel :s a ^
30 year* of age, black color, thick s»-f- ^
four or five inches high, and had on ^
felt light drab pantaloons and black coat ^
above reward will be paid tor his ap| r* ' ^
j Fall. Cburrb. nov 17—toll S. J.
A NY ONE withing to purrbttt <»«• *''
most beautiful and desirable MR ^
the Orange and Alexandria Railroad, a‘*°u
miles from Alexandria, will do well t° M
immedi.lt .pplic.t.onUy W|L,jaMM«
Warren ton, sep 10— roll

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