Newspaper Page Text
President Lincoln's Letter.
President Lincoln has addressed a letter in r p Jy to ihe resolution? adopted at l!ie Demo si alic meeting in Albany, in relation to milita ty arrests, and especially the ease of Mr. Val Jandigham. He argues the whole question.? He says: ? "The provision of i !v*. Constitution that "the privilege of trie writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended, unless when in ease of rebellion or invasion, the public safety may re /; lire it/' is the provision which specially ap plies to our present ease, This provision plainly attests the understanding of those who :made the Constitution, that ordinary courts oi justice ar^ inadequate to ''eases of rebellion,'? ?attests then purpose that In such cases, men maybe held in custody whom the courts, act ing on ordinary rules, would discharge. Ha vens corpus doe5 not discharge men who are proved to.be guilty of defined crime; and its suspension is allowed by the Constitution on purpose that men may be arrested and held who cannot be proved to be guilty oi defined! enme, ^when in eases of rebellion or invasion, j rhe public safety way require it.'! This is precisely our present case?a case of rebellion, j wherein the public safety does require the suspension/' in another place he Bays'By the third resolution the meeting indicate their opinion that military arrests may he constitutional in localitioh where rebellion actually exists, but that such arrests are unconstitutional in local ities where rebellion or insurrection does not actually exist. They insist that such arrests shall not be made "outside of the lines of ne necessary military occupation, and the scenes of insurrection J' Inasmuch, however, as the Constitution itself makes no such distinction, i an: unable to believe that there is any such constitutional distinction. I concede that the class of arrests complaned of can be constitution al only when, in cases of rebellion or invasion, the public safety may require them; and I in sist that in such cases they are constitutional wherever the public safety does require them; as well in places to which thoy may prevent j the rebellion extending, as jn those where it \ may be already prevailing; as well where they j may restrain mischievous interference with j the raising and supplying of armies to sup- \ press the rebellion, as where the rebellion, j ?may actually be: as well where they may re* j strain the enticing men out of the army, as | where they would prevent mutiny in the j army; equally constitutional at all places j where they will conduce to the public safety, j 3.3 against the dangers of rebellion or invasion.? j He says again:?Nor am I able to appreei- j -ate the danger apprehended by the meeting j that the American people will by means of j military arrests during the rebellion, lose the j right of public discussion, the liberty of speech j and the press, the law of evidence, trial by 1 jury, and habeas corpus, throughout the inde- j finite peaceful future, which I trust lies before j them, any more than I am able to believe that j a man could contract so strong an appetite j for emetics during temporary illness as to per- j sist in feeding upon them during the remain- i der of his healthful life. '; j In relation to the particular case of Mr. Val- I landigham, the President says"In my own \ discretion I do not know whether I would have ordered the arrest of Mr. Vallandigham. j 'While I cannot shift the responsibility from myself, 1 hold thai as a general rule, the com- j raander in the field is the better judge of the j necessity in any particular case. Of course I j must practice a general directory and revisory! power in the matter. One of the resolutions j expresses the opinion of the meeting that ar- j bitrary arrests will have the effect to divide and j distract those who should be united in sup- j pressing the rebellion, and X am specifically j called on to discharge Mr. Vallandigham. I j regard mrs act as at least, a fair appeal to me j un tne expediency of exercising a constitution- j power which I think exists. In response to i appr-'-i! I hnvfv t0 it gave me pain! when I learned that Mr. Yallandigham had bee?) arrested?that is, J was pained that there should have seemed to be a necessity for ar resting him?and that it would afford me great pleasure to discharge him so soon as I can, by any means, believe the public safely will not sutler by it. I further say, that as (he war progresses, it. appears to me that opinion and action, which were in great confusion at first, take shape and fall into more regular channels, so that the necessity for strong dealing with them gradually decreases. I have every rea- j son to desire that it should cease altogether.j THE SIEGE OP VICKSBURG. Telegraphic Accounts from Grant's Army. Johnston's Landing, June 8, via Cairo, ? June 13.?The lines of the array arc iu the j same position. Cannonading from the front j and rear at intervals has be eh going on during i the day. A small body of Federal troops at Sartaria on I the Yazoo, on the 5fh inst., were met and at- j tacked by a portion of ?Johnston's force, when j we retired without loss to Haines' Bluff. It i was anticipated that the Confederates may at- j tack that position. Ample preparation has j been made. The Confederates are known to be in a terrible condition within Vicksburg. The weather is hot; health and spirits of the troops good. A Confederate dispatch from Johnston, June 3th. says that the Yankee gunboats were left / fc in Red river, being unable to get down on ac count of the low water. The Western exchanges bring us the follow ing items in relation to the siege of Vicksburg: j Wallnut Hills. Vicksburg, via Yazoo i River, June 5, via Cairo, June 11, 1863.? j Joe Johnston took possession of Yaioo City t on Sunday last. General Grant sent a large force to dislodge him, and a skirmish took place between our infantry and the Confederate caval ry lender Gen. John Davis, at Sataria, on the east shore of the Yazoo, fifty miles above the mouth. We took thirty or forty prisoners and had a few wounded. Our cavalry are in hot pursuit of the Confederates, who only fired one volley and then fled. The fate of Vicksburg must be decided within j ten days, but there is no tear felt on our side ] as to the result. We are within one hundred and sixty yards j of the Confederates' strongest works, and our ] sharpshooters keep the Confederate guns silent, j The Union flag has been seen hoisted oyer I several houses in the country between the Ya- j zoo and the Big Black River. Deserters still j come in daily, and the city is,-suffering from f the converging fires. The following extracts are taken frora Rich- ] rnond papers of the 11th : "Jackson, June 9.?!iOurscouts report the enemy's pickets around Vicksburg ten miles j deep, every means of approach being closely ] guarded. The greatest courage sni care will j be required to reach Vicksburg. Grant com- j municates with the fleet by signals seen night j and day, betokening movements, it is thought, j The firing of the enemy's mortars are heard I at intervals of two seconds all night., and are] continued this morning. Nothing from Port j Hudson. The Chattanooga Rebel of the 11th instant, | contains the following. j Jackson, June 9.?An officer who was \ captured by Grant, but who_ subsequently I made his escape, arrived here this morning.? He reports the "Yankee army much depressed by Johnston masking a heavy force, and by the fact that certain death awaits them; their offi cers acknowledged certain defeat or annihi lation. This is contradicted in other quarter?. i .wrjjEmi A special dispatch to the Cincinati Com mercial, dated Indianapolis, 12th inst., says the murderers of Provost Marshal Stevens have been arrested. A man was hung in th?" vicinity of the murder for using traitorous lan guage. A company of eavlary has been sent to Johnson county, to assist in the enrollment, I PRO P. LOUIS \YT N iii; \ CELEBRATED HERB MEDKISFs OW for thr; ftm time introduced in-,-, country, have boon successfully u'si-d i/wenty-six years in Germany, lavi th?rest of v"r icpo, and arc particularly efficient intW-cm>!"< all'chronic diseases. They arc irnr>ortM rtiw'"' . , , T 1 ' L'b to this port, ana their etneiency :ma safety r..? bo ^eli^d upon with confidence. Thov arc1 V EG Kt A BLE ^ PIL LS and POAVIVKU tho best blood purifying medicine nvta?u, unequalled i'nr The euro of Tetter. A-t:nvj/ Headache, ^?.ve Eyes, Catarrh, Pain in \\Jt Breast find Sides. Spotted Fcier, Chilli ar'i Fever, Dyspepsia, Scrofula, Salt Rheum, C:uf. cer, Jaundice, Biliousness Eruptions of ^ Skin, Piles, Worms, Dropsy, Erysipelas, SwelU ings. Open Wounds, Cholic, ana in fact all d|. senses caused "by impure bipod, or imperii* digestion. % PROF. WIJNDPv AM'S EIIFEM ATlC POWDERS, a sure cure for ail Bheimaiic oomnij'ints. (touI in p&it lonla** PROF. WI-NDRAM?SEPILEPTICTRKU. EDY, the only safe and reliable mtkviy for th PMTtTtin pure of t his terrible complaint. PROF. W i: NDRA ,M!S V blGETABLV ELIXIR, an invaluable remedy against A?ih ma Biliousness. Pain in the Breast, Cough \\)y seniary, Red and White Flux. Ilc&a&onc. fhai rV.rpa Cramp Cholic, &c. PROF. WUN13RAAPS HE KB TKA. r.lea^ant and wholesome be^^a^c, uu u \. r.. convalescents, also for Dispeptics, and tho afflicted nervousness. PROF. W L IN D R A A b A A i L- sn EXTERMINATOR, r PROF. W US DBA31 S DROPS. , Full directions ac^mpanvcaeji i;mpd\. For sale by IS A A C 1-N t W 1& my 2?>?tt King at., Alexandria \s LISTEN TO THE VOICE OF THE PEOPLE! THE TRUTH PROCLAIMED BY THE PtliUC. A LL simultaneously exclaim, astonishing! Xxwonderful ! How is it possible, that v* have never been willing to believe theftlarmin^ cheap prices, at which the new stock of SPRING GOODS, is disposed of at 178 King St. All who still doubt, call and convince yourselves. Call and examine the beautiful and cheap Mantillas. Spring Shawls. *' Window Curtains. Calicos and Gkgharns. B. and U. B. Muslins. 4i > " Your time will be amply repaid, and we feel confident that you will not regret your visit. Call, but call early if you wish to avoid the rush to the cheapest establishment in Alexan dria. ' S. EOSWALD, 178, 178, 178, m King st. King st. King st. King st, je 9?if 2d door above Washington st. TS A D SHOES, KAUFMAN (formerly of the firm o tf a Hecht, Kaufman & Co. }' has cpened frtor* J. KAUFMAN, ,.n ? ,0 No. 16 Royal street, iu *2n (Mrs. Engelbrecht's old stand./ 1 THE cheapest A L Q I 1 In the city, to be had at 9 ^ ? O. 1 o ROT AL ' 8 T BEET s r\ P?LS. of the best OIL ever manufactured just roccived. LA tubes Look jan 26? tf i }urL J C E f! J c E 'I I Jx ICR ;^!-Q suPerior cargo of PORTIAS ft street, ODDn^L^lP ><-;e depot, Fairfax Those who mi,? i !slori House Hospital.? their orders pleased to /avor me with from w.Son W1" Undelivered, DAILY ro h f '?' P. G. hexdersoy.