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Alexandria gazette. [volume] (Alexandria, D.C.) 1834-1974, September 30, 1875, Image 2

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The recent disturbances among the mill op
eratives at Fall River, Mass., furnish the JNew
York Journal of Commerce a text for an^rticle
on the oppressions of Trades' Unions, in which
it says that the very men who ring the changes
on "slavery," and claim the right to dispose of
their own labor unfettered by any outside re
striction, will not allow another poor man, or a
starving shop girl, the simple right to sell his
or her labor upon any terms, while they re
main unsatisfied. They assert the right of
workingmen to control their own hours and
terms of employment, deoounoe with bitter in
vective every employer who dares to interpose,
and then stone every operative who acts for
himself on this theory of personal freedom.
The liberty for which they clamor is the right
to do as they like while they hold the reins of
power, and to compel all around them to sub
mit to their dictation. This assumption of the
trades unions is the most intolerable of all
tyrannies which the world has ever witnessed.
It does not allow the starving laborer the poor
privilege of deciding that he will earn his own
dinner when work is offered which he is will
ing to accept. It decides for him that he shall
not exercise this right; and if his need is press
ing, and he dares to act for himself and go to
his employment, it drags him thence, and takes
clubs and stones to compel him to forego his
assertion of the very personal freedom they so
loudly demand for the working classes !
The ooal monopolists of Pennsylvania have a
combination ^ amongst themselves, through
which they regulate the amount that shall be
put upon the market, and fix the prices the
people must pay for it. They are conspirators
against the publio weal. They do as they
please with the article under their control, and
whether we can get fuel at $7 or $10 per ton,
or get it at all, depends upon their will. Last
week the coal combination met and fixed the
prices for October, and advanced the prices on
egg and stove coal ten cents per ton. It was
also determined that the Delaware, Laoka- j
wanna and Western and Delaware and Hudson
Companies should cease coal production for
the first two weeks of Ostober. It is intended
to maintain a policy of monthly advances by
this means, which will put coal up higher and
higher as the cold weather becomes more in
teose, and the people stand in greatest need of
it, and throw the principal burden upon those
who can least afford to bear it?the working
man or woman who has to buy to supply pres
ent needs.
The Petersburg Index-Appeal makes the
beautifully expressed tribute to the late editor
of this paper, by Col. Ball, editor of the Senti
Del, the occasion for the remark, that the same
relations of personal friendship and kindness
ought to exist between editors as between mem
bers of other professions. At one time, when
newspapers were acknowledged organs, there
might have been some sense and fitness in the
hostile attitude of editors towards one another.
In these post bellum days, when the press
is supposed to be independent, we find no
more reason for editors to be at odds than for
lawyers or school teachers, or grocers, or any
other kind of people. Certainly in Virginia,
where they have a common cause at heart, they
ought to be friends and allies; and to be other
wise shows only a vain and weak temper. The
spirit is vulgar that expects editors to make
constant battle on each other, or to arraign
encb other on every conceivable grouol of er
ror and frailty.
Judge Pershing, Democratic candidate for
Governor of Pennsylvania, in his letter of ac
ceptance adverts to the difference between
bank-note paper and Government paper, and
says : " I adhere to the doctrine always held
" by the Democratic party that gold and silver
constitute the true basis for a bank-note circu
lation. This presents a question different from
that of a paper currency that is of itself made
by the sovereign power a legal tender, and
therefore money. '
In this connection the New York Tribune
says : "The notes of the Bank of France are
the only paper money which circulates in
France. Tbey are a legal tender, are paid and
received as the equivalent of specie, and for a
year or more have beeo as good as gold, " To
which the Richmond Whig adds : "If our
treasury notes were made a full legal tender
they, too, would be as good as gold; for buy
ing all the products of this country, thev could
buy at par gold itself. "
A letter in the Lynchburg News from Char
lottesville, dated the 28th, says : 411 learn
that the health of Col. Thomas J. Randolph,
the only living grandson of Thomas Jefferson,
ia very precarious and critical. He is, 1 think,
in the 84tb year of his age. He is unable to
walk, and has to be moved about in a chair by
attendants. For a month or two past he had
been afflicted with rheumatism, and in order to
obtain relief, visited the Hot Springs. For a
while he seemed to be benefitted ; last week
W. C. N. Randolph, his son, brought him
home, as it was evident that a further stay at
the springs might prove fatal to the Colonel's
life. The disease has settled in the leg, which
has become much swollen. It is much to be
hoped that Col. Randolph, may recover. The
nation, I am sure, would consider it a great
favor, and honor to have him present at the
Centennial next year. Three of the grand
daughters of Thomas Jefferson still live. "
About fifteen thousand people attended the
Steuben (Ohio) fair yesterday. Goldsmith
Maid's attempt to beat her best time was a fail
ure. She made only 2-30,2 24J, 2 40J. Doble
claimed she was out of fix.
A subscription papar is io circulation at the
Capitol in Richmond and signed by Governor
Kemper and all the other officers, clerks aod
employees of the State government in that city,
by which each agrees to assign one day's pay
to the fund for the construction of an eques
trian statue to Geo. Lee, the amount to be
haoded over to the Equestrian Monument Com
mittee, consisting of the Governor, Treasurer,
and First Auditor of the State. It is designed,
when completed, to plaoe the statue in the
Capitol Square. There has existed for some
time past a corporation known as the Lee
Monument Association, which at one time pro
secuted the objeot for which it was formed
with much energy, raising a fund by means of
lectures, fairs, and other publicentertainments.
The association has a fund out at interest at
the present time, and it is likely that by the
fresh impetus, thus given, enough will be real
ized to carry the undertaking successfully
through at an early day.
The Reformed Episcopalians assembled iu
Chicago, yesterday, in synodioal convention,
the first of the kiod ever held io the country.
There were eight churches represented, six of
which are io Chicago. The delegates number
ed fifty-one, of whom forty-three were lay
members. A constitution was adopted for the |
government ot the Synod, which must, bow- j
ever, receive the approval of the General Coun
cil. The chief business of the Convention was
the election of a Synodical Bishop, and to this
position Rev. Charles Edward Cheney, of Chi
cago,at present Missionary Bishop of the North
west, was chosen. A standing committee was
also elected, whose functions are much the
same as those of the regular Episcopal diocese.
Wm. Peon Clarke, who for some time past
has been managing editor of the Washington
Chronicle, has sold his stock io the company
to Judge L. M. Vale. Immediately on his
return from Europe George B. Corkhill will
resume the editorial control of this paper. 1c
is stated that Mr. R. C. Hewitt, a wellknowo
contractor and feed dealer, has purchased the
Washington Tribune, with Mr. O. K. Harris
as managing editor and Dr. fcrank T. Howe as
business manager.
I The Massachusetts Republican Convention
at Worcester, yesterday, adopted a platform io
favor of conciliation of the sections, removal of
all political disabilities, speedy resumption of
specie payment, and a clause which seems to
favor woman suffrage. Alexander H. Rice
was nominated for Governor; Horatio. G.
Knight, Lieutenant Governor; Charles Eodi
cott, treasurer; Julius L. Clark, auditor, and
Charles A. Train, attorney general.
Dissensions have arisen in the Servian Cabi
net on the question of war with Turkey, and a
Mintsterial crisis is said to bo impending.
Twenty-nine members ot the Skuptschina aje
reported to have resigned. A decree of Prince
Milan has transferred the seat of Government
from Kragojewatz to Belgrade. A very bitter
feeling prevails, and judging from present ap
pearances a conflict between Servia and Turkey
is not at all improbable.
The winters io Russia are becoming colder
every year, and the summers hotter, more dry
and less fruilful, owing, as is clarly proved by
Palingsten, to the destruction of the woodlands
which formerly abounded in the southern dis
tricts. The clearing of theso lands has caused
such an enormous evaporation that many once
capacious water-oourses have become mere
swamps or are completely dry.
The suspension ot Charles Clayton & Co.,
grain aod produce commission merchants, San
Francisco, is announced. The cause is unset
tled debts owing farmers and the stringency of
the money market. The firm banked with the
Bank of California, the suspension of which de
prived them of the usual facilities for meeting
collection day. The firm has assets io excess ot
A letter has been published by Charles H.
Ham, who was removed from the Appraiser
ship of the Chicago Custom House, charging
Secretary Brislow with covering up the frauds
of the New York Custom House, aod saying
that the report of Mr. Blodgett, detailing the
frauds practiced on the oustoms revenue io
that city, was suppressed by the Secretary.
The Spanish Ministerial journals deny that
Castillo, while Premier, promised to re-estab
lish the Concordat with the Vatican. A storm
has delayed the concentration of Alfonzist
forces Dear Heroani and Renteira. The Car
lists bombarded Sao Sebastian on Tuesday
night, aod several persons were killed.
Dr. H. M. Colemao, of Nelson, is announced
as an Independent candidate tor "Floater" for
Amherst aod Nelson counties. Notwithstand
ing the disaffection io Nelson, Mr. Coghill, the
regular Conservative nominee, and one of the
best men for the position in the State, will
doubtless be elected.
The Emperor ofGermaoy has gone to Baden
Baden to participate in the festivities of the
Empress' birthday, and will leave on the 10th
ot October on hia proposed visit to the King of
Italy. He will be accompanied by Prince Bis
marck and Count Von Moltke.
Sir Edward Thorton will entertain at dinner
to day, in Washington, Vice Admiral George
Greville Wellesley, of the British navy, and a
number of prominent officers of the Uoited
States navy. ___________
It is estimated that the population of Nor
folk aod the suburban towns is 2S.512. The
total populaiton of Portsmouth is estimated at
Wo are sorry to see from the Lynchburg
papers that a split exists in the Conservative
party in Nelson county. Heal the break by all
means. ______________
Major G. VV. Grioe, of Portsmouth, Va.. has
been elected to the Presidency of the Raleigh
and Gaston Railway, to fill the place of Dr.
Hawkins, who has resigoed.
The Prince of Wales will visit Athens, en
route to the East, and the Greek Government
has appointed a commission to prepare for hiB
The North Carolioa Convention was yester
day engaged in discussing the question of. re
ducing the number ot Senators from fifty to
twenty five. ' I
The Lynchburg Republican makes some ex
cellent suggestions in reference to manufactures,
it says that commerce alone may build and
sustain a great city, aod manufactures may ac
complish the same result, but practically it is
the combination of these two great interests
which makes and supports a city of even very
moderate size. Tho growth and prosperity of
every city, especially of an interior one, is more
dependent upon the variety aod extent of its
manufactures than upon all other causes com
bined. An increase of population, without a
corresponding increase of business, is merely
adding to the burdens of that business, is de
pressing to that extent, and consequently un
desirable. It must be evident to every ouo
that the main hope for any material addition
to the wealth and population of our oity is in
the growth of manufactures.
There have been added 30,000 people to the
population of Milwaukee in the past five years,
and yet out there they have no such climate,
are a far greater distance from the great com
mercial centers, and are in nowise as highly
favored by nature or art as we iu this seotion of
the oountry. The most urgent measure ought
to be taken to turu the tida of immigration in
this direction, for once so directed, not only
Virginia, but the South generally, must rapidly
fill up. Everything is advantageous?all that
is wanted is population of the right kind with
capital, and this section would, indeed, soon
''blossom as the rose."
Advices from Hong Koug to the 2d and Yo
kohama to the lltb, state that a typhoon at
Chifu, on the 21st of August, had destroyed
three European and many Chinese vessels.
Intense bitterness prevailed with reference to
the demauds of the British Minister in the
Margaray case, and only the influence of some
of the most prominent Chinese officials had
succeeded in averting a devastating war. The
claims for the punishment of the murderers
aod for indemnity were admitted. Great un
easiness still prevails, and the attitude of Chioa
is said to be more menacing than sinoe 1861.
The Washington correspondent of the Balti
more American telegraphs that the President
has giveo Mr. Delano's place in the Cabinet to
Mr. George Dawson Coleman, of Leban
on, Pa. Mr. Coleman, who is entirely unknown
in politics outside of Pennsylvania, is a man of
great wealth. He is the owner (by inheritance)
of the celebrated Cornwall mines, aod these
yield u revenue large enough to constitute a
splendid fortune every year.
Generals Upton aod Forsyth, and Major
Sanger, of the United States army, who were
commissioned to inspect and report on the
armies of Asia and Europe, have been hospit
ably received by the Japanese authorities.
The State Conservative Committee was to
have met at the Exchange Hotel, in Kicbmondi
to day, for the transaction of business.
We acknowledge the receipt of an invitation
to attend the Lynchburg Agricultural Fair,
which commences on the 12ih of October.
Editorial Notes.
Diphtheria is very prevalent iu JNew Jersey,
and unusually fatal.
Detroit is discussing the question whether
Sunday-sohools are constitutional.
A lady student has been admitted to the
Massachusetts Agricultural College.
An exchange says, "What this country really
needs is a good five cent segar."
Tho sum of $375,000 is about to be spent
in mouuting the fortress of Gibraltar with 30
too guos.
Camels' hair and cashmere are to be the
modes for shawls this season, with those who
cao afford them.
Nothing has yet been done on the application
of Gen. Fitz-Jobn Porter for a review of the
proceedings in his case.
An Eoglishman who died lately, leaving
property to the amount of ?70,000, was but a
few years ago the head waiter at a famous Loo
don chop-house.
thousand flashes of lightning were, it is
said, counted in one hour, during the great
storm at Geneva, Switzerland, on the 7th of
July. It took a cool head and rapid accountant
to ascertain the exact number of flashes.
Twenty-six full cargoes of wheat were ship
ped from San Francisco in August for England,
besides a full cargo of flour. In August, 1S74,
the shipments numbered only 18, and in 1S73
only 23 cargoes.
A contemporary sagely remarks that it is
easier to raise a hundred dollars for the pur
chase of a gold watch to be presented to some
body who does not need it, than it is to collect
the samo amount from the same persoos who
owe the monjy.
A professor of musio at Trieste, M. Rota,
has succeeded in teaching a number of deaf
mutes to sing. A publio exhibition in Paris was
given by these deaf mutes, at which they not
only sang in perfect time, but preserved the
pitch, which was oonveyed to them by the
teacher in some mysterious way.
! The Law About Hunting.? As the sport
ing season is now at hand, we publish for the
benefit of gunners, the law concerning the hunt
ng of game on lands that are posted:
! "If any person shall hunt, shoot, fowl or
range, with or without dogs, on the lands of
another, without the consent of the owner or
tenant of such lands, or shoot along any public
road, or in the streets of any town or village in
any of the counties of this Commonwealth, on
the lands comprehended in the survey of any
proprietor, he shall be deemed guilty of a tres
pass, and shall be fined for each offense five
dollars?the tine to be double in every iustance
if the offense be committed in the uight or on
Sunday- for the use of the owner or tenant of
the lands, and when^ any person shall be con
victed a third time of such offeose the justice
rendering judgment therefor shall require him
to enter into a recognizance, with sufficient se
curity for his good behavior for twelve months,
or if he fail to give such security, to commit
him to jail for one month, unless it be sooner
given, *uch recognizance to bo forfeited if such
person offend as aforesaid within the time lim
ited in the reoognizance."
The last new Parisian note paper is very
wonderful. It is a single page of what we cali
letter paper, viz: twice the size of the paper
usually used for writing notes, and the border
is exactly like a pocket hankerchief, having a
broad band of color and email dots and device?
beyond. The envelopes match, and the sheet is
folded in a peculiar manner difficult to describe
but evidently intended to recall .the turndown
" To show the very age arid body of the Times."
The aoDual reunion of the Society of the
Army of the Tennessee commenced at Des
Moines yesterday. President Grant, General
Sherman, the Secretary ot War and other dis
tinguished personages were present. General
Sherman was re-eleoted President. It was re-,
solved to hold the next reunion on the 21st,
22d and 23d of "July?at Pbiladalphia on the
two first days, and at Washington on the last,
when the statue of General McPherson will be
The court-martial on the officers of the Eng- .
lish iron-clad Vanguard, which was suuk off
Wicklow Head, in a collision with the Iron
Duke, has resulted in a severe reprimand to
Captain D^wkins, the first and second officers
and the eugiueer, and the dismissal of the for
mer from his command. Another court mar
tial will probably be held on the officers of the
Iron Duke.
A dispatch from Albany, N. Y., says that
the Jaggar Iron Company, whose blast works,
&<;.,? cost $561,000, is in such a condition as to
produce fears that the stockholders have lost
nearly the entire amount of their investment.
The heaviest creditors are the Peunsylvaoia
coal companies, and they are secured by mort
gages on the property.
The New Yurk holders of the ten per cent,
bonds of tho city of Houston have agreed to ac
oept the offer of that city's agent to give them
seven per cent, thirty-year bonds in place of
the bonds they hold, the understanding being
that the State of Texas and city ot Houston
shall guarautee the payment of the new bonds.
The Court of Commissioners of Alabama
Claims reassembled yesterday, all the Judges
being present. Several awards were made in
the case of the "Golconda," ufier which the
Court adjourned, the counsel for the Govern
ment being unable to proceed on account of an
affection of the eyes.
The Indians seem to have something besides
dark fljur to complain of. Special Uuited
States Commis&iouer Shanks reports 1,800
horses stoieo from the Iodiaos while oo their
reservations near Fjrt Sill, and only 40 recover
ed and returned to them.
Jay Cooke's superb residence of Ogontz,
near Philadelphia, is now being sold. There
is the tomb of his father, removed from old
Ogootz (Sandusky) and reinterred under an
$18,000 mausoleum. The tomb goes with the
Sixty Indians attacked the hay train of John
Phillips, between forts Fetterman and Laramie,
and after a 6ght of two hours aud a half killed
and got off thirty head of cattle aud four horses
and wounded one man.
Since June forty members of an organized
band of criminals, composed mostly of outlaws
from the States, have been captured Tn Indian
Territory, and with those previously arrested
make nearly one hundred now awaiting trial at
the next term of the court at Muskogee.
The observers of the solar eclipse at Man
chester, N. H., Albany, N. Y., Cambridge
University and other points in the North were
not rewarded with satisfactory results, on ac
count of cloudiness at the time of the eclipse.
At a meeting of the bondholders of the
Northern Pacific railroad, at New York, yes
terday, the report ot the purchasing commit
tee, aud the receiver, G. VV. Cass, were read
and approved.
The notorious Jack Corbett, a desperate
criminal who was arrested on suspicion of being
the murderer of Mr. Noe, in New York, has
been sentenced by Recorder Hackett to ten
years' imprisonment oo a charge of burglary.
Judge Miller, of the U. S. Circuit Court of
St. Louis, has held the parties charged with
conspiracy to defraud the revenue by whiskey
frauds in $8,000 bail each.
Mrs. E. Barrett, of Elizabeth, N. J., widow
of the late Lieutenant Barrett, U. S. navy,
committed suieido oo Tuesday by taking mor
Theodore Tilton lectured at Cooper Insti
tute, New York, last evening oo "The Pro
blem of Life." There were 2,000 people
Richard Robinson, the murderer of Mrs.
Dixon, at Norwichtown, Coon., died in jail
yesterday from the effects of poison, taken af
ter his arrest oo Monday.
One hundred aud eight thousand pouods
sterling were withdrawo from the Bank of
England yesterday.
Ihe loot and mouth disease continues in
England. In the county of Gloucester over
12,000 beasts are affected.
The Canadian defaulter, Nicholls, and his
father, have been arrested in St. Augustiue,
Fla., by New York detectives.
The Ultramontanes have elested the Presi
dent, Vice President and other officers of the
Bavarian Diet.
The Bank of California will reopen Saturday
Turkey admits the necessity of reforms, and
will introduce them throughout the Empire.
Savings Bank Failure..
New York, Sept. 30.?It is etatcd that the
I bird Avenue Savings Bank has suspended
and will not open to-day for business, and that
application has been made for a receiver. Sinoe
last Thursday all moneys received from deposi
tors have been placed in envelopes with the
names of the depositors tbereoo, and these
have not been entered on the bauk book and
will be returned in full. As far as can at pres
ent be learned fifty cents on the dollar and per
haps more can be paid depositors. Since its
incorporation in 1854 this bank has sustained
three runs, the first in 1868, which lasted four
days, the second io 1871, and the last in Janu
ary, 1872, during which $4,000,000 was paid in
the ten weeks the paoio lasted. The bank has
never recovered trom the effects of the cele
brated run, and its preseut infaolv'ency is simply
due to the impossibility of realizing the nomi
nal value of its investments. Its depositors
number about 8,000 and the amount due them
is about $1,340,000.
In this city, on the 29th inst, Miv. S. HELEN
BERRY, relict of tho late Henry Berry, of
Shepherdstown, Jefferson ? county, West Vir
ginia, in the seventy-eighth ye?r of her age.
Her remains were taken to Fredericksburg
for interment.- ?
By F. A. Kerby, Auctioneer.
By virtue of a deed of trust,
dated June 2, 1873, and of record 'in libef
No. 3, p. 416, of the Land Records of Alexandria
city, tha undersigned (who was by an order of
the Corporation Court ol Alexandria city, at its
June term, 1875, substituted as trustee in the
place and stead ot Lawrence B.Taylor, deceased,
in a certain deed of truetfrora Julian F. Hen
derson to said Lawrence B Taylor, tor the bene
fit of James E. Henderson,) will offer for sale at
public auction, in front ot the Market Building;
on Koyal street, in the city of Alexandria, Va.,
on SATURDAY, the 23d day of October, 1876,
EST of ihe said Julian F. Henderson "in the
real estate, of which John E. Henderson, the
father of the eaid Julian F. Henderson died
sitzed and oossesssed, wherever the same may
be situated, the same being together with the
distributed share of him (the said Julian F,
Henderson) in the personal property of the said
John JK. Henderson, deceased."
Terms of sale: Cash.
eep3C-eotd Substituted Trustee.
Army of the Teunessee? President
Grant's Speech.
Des Moine8, Iowa, Sept. 30.- At the even
ing session, yesterday, of the Army of ihe Ten
nessee, the opera house was crowded. Gov.
Fletcher de livered the annual oratiou. Pi evi
dent Grant being called on came forward and
read quite a lengthy speech. He said he had
concluded to disappoint those who called on
him first in the expectation of getting a short
speech, and had jotted down some things he
wished to say. He then expressed his gratifi
cation in recalling the days when they had suf
fered together to preserve a government they
believed worth fighting for, and even dying
for. We will not, said he, deny to any of
those who fought against us any privilege un
der the government which we claim for our
selves. On the contrary, we welcome all such
who come forward in good faith to help to
build up the waste places and perpetuate our
institutions against all enemies as brothers in
full interest with us in a common heritage, but
we are not prepared to apologize for the past.
To guard against a recurrence of those days
we must begin by guarding against every ene
my preventing prosperity of free republican in
stitutions. Said he: I do not bring into this
assemblage politics, certainly not partisan poli
tics, bat it's a lair subject for the soldiers, in
their deliberation, to consider what may be ne
cessary to secure the prize for which they bat
tled. The President urged cultivation of an
intelligence among the people in regard to po
litical matters, and said: If we are to have
auother contest in the near future of our
national existence I predict that the dividing
line will not be Mason's and Dixon's, but be
tween patriotism and intelligence on the one
side, and superstition, ambition and ignorance
on the other. In thiB centennial year the work
of strengthening the foundation of the struc
ture commenced by our forefathers a hundred
years ago at Lexington should be begun. Let
us all labor for the security of free thought,
free speech,free press, pure morals, unfettered
religious seDtiments, and equal rights and
privileges for all men, irrespective ot nationali
ty, color or religion; encourage free schools,
and resolve that not one dollar appropriated to
them shall be applied to the support of any
sectarian school; resolve that neither State nor
nation shall support institutions save those
where every child in the land may get a com
mon school education, unmixed with atheris
tic, pagan and sectarian teachings; leave the
matter of religion to the family altar, and keep
the Church and State for ever separate with
these safeguards. I believe the battles which'
created the Army of the Tennessee will not
have been fought in vain. The President's
speech was greeted with applause, which was
repeated again and again. After speeches by
Secretary Belknap and Generals Jeff. C. Davis,
Force, Baiuc, Meyers acd others, army songs
were sung. Gen. Shcrmau closed the speak
ing for the night with a humorous and short
speech, in which he said he wished all the
speeches made here to-night could be priuted
in full and scattered broadcast through the
South to show the people there how the ex
soldiers of the North all feel towards them.
To the I'eople of Virginia.
The time is approaching when, if at all, some
thing must be done toward our appearance at
the Centennial Exhibition. The period at first
fixed for the assignment of space has elapsed ;
but within the la3t day or two I have seen those
in authority, having such matters in charge,
and they have agreed to keep open a space for
Virginia till action c*n be had, either by the
State or the combined efforts of individuals.
Nuthinj? can be done, of course, by tho Sate,
till the Legislature assembles It will tnen be
for lhat body to determine whether an appro
priation shall be made to defray the moderate
expenses that will attend an exhibition of our
The great lines of railroads in the Union, I
am informed, have consented "to transport at
regular rates all articies intended for exhibition
at the International Exhibition of 1876, at Phil
dolphia, as well as all other article* forwarded
by exhibitors for their own use, in connection
with the Exhibition, and will return unsold ar
ticles frco. Freight and all charges to be pre
paid in every case." I doubt nut that all tho
roads in this State will accede to these terms.
Individuals having articles to exhibit could
at onco put them in condition, and should the
State make an appropriation, could eithor sond
them dircctto Philadelphia, or to such common
point in the State as may bo agreed upon, to be
forwarded in bulk. If tho State should not
make an appropriation, each individual would
have to boar the expenses of his own transpor
Space in the Exhibition Building will be free.
Somo suitable person ought, to be employed who
would give the articles attention, and show them
to advantage. Such services could be obtained
for a small amount.
The following is the classification adopted,
under which articles will be exhibited; but our
State ma' receive special sanction for a collec
tive exhibition, which will probably be bettor
for our interests :
I. Raw Materials?mineral, vegetable and
II. Materials and Manufactures usod for
Food, or in the Arts, tho result of extractive or
combining processes.
.111. Toxtile and felted Fabrics ; apparel, cos
tumes, and ornaments for the person. - |
IV. Furniture and Manufactures of general
use in construction and in dwellings.
V. Tools, Implements, Machines and Pro- J
VI. Motors and Transportation.
VIT Apparatus and Methods for the increase
and diffusion of knowledge.
VIII. Engineering, Public Works, Architec
ture, etc.
IX. Plastic and Graphic Arts.
X. Objects illustrating efforts for tho improve
ment of the Physical, Intellectual and Moral
Condition of Man.
I shall indulge in no sentiment with regard to
this Centennial Exhibition. I leave that to be
dictated by the judgment and taste of thoso who
may read this paper. I am looking at it as a
practical affair, bearing upon the present and
future of our State.
When it was first projected, several years ago,
the time was not ripe, and prejudice and ill
feeling prevailed between the sections to a great
er extent than now. The desolations of the war
wore around and nearer us, and tho mbmory of
them still rankled.
I ' In the progress of events, we hope a change is
! taking places "Tokens of reconciliation are com
ing to us from various sources, and now we are
offered a position from which we can not only
meet this tender, but show to tho world why
Virginia should onco more be accorded her
?proper rank in the van of States.
j - It does not become our brave and earnest peo
ple to broo.d over the past, and forgot that Vir
ginia h-is a future. We do not forget it. In all
sorts of ways we have endeavored to repair the
wrecks of the war, and restore our waste places
?by advertisements, by land agencies; by im
.migration; societies, and otherwise. Our own
unaided energies cannot accomplish immediate
ly. so great a work. Our resources are bound
less ; no equal area of country on the continent
contains greater or more varied. We want men
and money, labor and capital, to develop them.
It seems to me that we now have an opportuni
ty of advertising them to the wh ile world, with
out charge, a moans far surpassing all other,
and: such as may never occur to us again.
Let us hope that both our Government and
people will take advantage of this opportunity.
Virginia in tho past has ever been in the front;
there is no reason why she should not now bo
among the foremost in all that constitutes tho
true power and greatness of a State.
Very respectfully,
Jf&XD. W. M. Hollidvy,
Centennial Comrn'r. for Va.
Winchester, Va., Sept. &), 1876.
PUBLIC SALE.?On Thursday, tt.e 4th
of November next, I will offer for sale at
my farm, on Ferry Hun, three miles from
Barbee's Cross Roads; Fauquier county, Va.,
WAGONS,-/GEAR, and all the Implements
usually found on a large .and well conducted
farm, together with the Crop of Com and
Provender of more than two hundred acres of
land, and my Crop of Hay and Straw. For
particulars Bee handbill.
P. 0. "Markbam." i
Tho Dell, Fauquier county, sep 30-wtd m
Alexandria Market, Sept 30 ? Wi.eui is
quinL ntj'i steady; offerings u! 3228 bushels, with
tales of a prime white lot at 127. and rod ?'t lio
110, 117, 125, 127, 128 and 13', according to
quality, latter for choice Corn is Grm ; offer
ings of 550 bushe s mixed, with sale- at 80 Kyo
is unchanged ; light offerings, with sales *170.
Oats are lirmor, arid prices are better; offerings
of 188 bushels,-with sales at 37, -18 nnd 50.
Baltimore Cattle Market, Sept. 29 1875.
Beef Cattlo?Prices to-day ranged as follows:
Beat Beeves $0 7i a t> 25
Generally rated tirst quality 4 75 a 6 75
Medium or good fair quality 3 75 a 4 75
Ordinary thin Steers,Oxen and Cows 2 CO a 3 75
General average of the market. 4 50 a 0 DO
Extreme range of prices 2 50 a 0 25
Most of the sales wore from 4 00 a 5 U)
The market this week showed some little ac
tivity in the beginning in portions of the yards,
but it was not general. Prices, except for stock
Cattle, began to droop from the opening on euch
aa were offered, which did not embrace all the
receipts, as a large number of these (comprising
some of'he best) were reshipped East without
being off-.-red here. The decline, except a3 ab >ve
st-.ted, was general throughout the list, and
reached i, ana in some instances 4c per lb as
compared with last week's figures. Total re
ceipts for the week 4797 head; total saies 268'J
Sheep and Lambs?The receipts this wook con
sist very largely of commoii Sheep, for which
the demand is quite limited ; good Sheep being
source are in fair demand, but are taken solely
by city butchers, there being n^ Eastern de
mand whatever. There is not much call tor
stock Sheep except it be tor fair Ewes and
good Weathers. Good Lambs are scarce, and
ci-mmon ones plentiful. Wo quote Sheep at 4*
5i cte per lb gross, the latter for a few extra.
Lambs at 1 50a$4 per head, or 5a0i ots per lb.
Stock Sheep 2a$3 75 per h. ad, latter for very
best. Receipts this week 5803 head.
Hogs?The arrivals this week were scarcely as
good throughout as last week, though the topi
were a shade superior to the same grade then
offered. :Prices have advanced nearly ?c, and
H< gs have been taken very freely at the im
provement. At the close the prospects are fair
for the maintenance of these rates for a week or
two, as prices in the West point to this result.
We quote best Hogs at 11 25a$ll 75, common
tail en 's and grassers at 10 50a$ll 00, and stillers
at 10 75a$ll 50 per 100 lbs net. Recoipts th's
week 5635 head.
The Coal Trade ?The product trade of tho
mines cf the Cumberland coal region lor 1875 to
September 25. was 1,705,440 06 tons?a decrease
of 58,411 15 tons as compared with the corres
ponding period of last year. The business of tho
canal snows an increase of 01,282.19 tons over
Sun rose 5 54 ( Moon sets 0 10
Sun sets 5 45 i High water 0 uu
a. tvRl V K
Steamer Express, Baltimore, to Broders &
Co. She reports passing about filteen coasters
in the river bound up.
Schr Ellen Reed, Pawtucket, to Knox &
Schr Royal Arch, Boston, to Hampshiro and
Baltimore Coal Co.
Schr Elwood Burton, Boston, to American
Coal Company.
Schr Elias Moore, for Georgetown.
Schr Cyrus Hall, Georgetown, by W A
Schr S J Fooks, Jersey City, by American
Coul Company.
Schr sunlight, Bristol, by Hampshire and
Baltimore Coal Company.
Schrs Jesse JMurdock, C A Jones, Laheina
and Daniel Brown, from Georgetown.
Schr L W Showell, hence, at Richmond 28th.
Schr Jloi.ry Whittington cleared at Boston
for this uort 28th.
Arrived?Boats Chas Robb, David Stewart,
Wm. D .rrow, A J Akin, W E Bell, W J
Bootho, jr., and Wm Smith, to Amorican Coal
Co.; Diligent, to George's ?? reek Coal and Iron
Co.; Samuel Rhinehart, to W A Smoot;' via
Rock Creek; Dr. Brodwick, M S Firnsnor. R H
Gordon and H A Garrett, to Hampshire & Bal
timore Coal Company.
Departed?Boats Cha6 Robb, Wey&nd Door
nier, G E Porter, R S Grant, E L Moore, J A
Alexander, W C Hunter, C R Hooff, W II
Bielmyer, Ed Mulvaney, D Stewart, Wm Dar
row and A J Akin, for Cumberland.
Nos. 5 & 7 S. Fairfax St.,
Drugs, Chemicals,
Agents for the celebrated
Averill Chemical Paints,
. .' I ?< **'?.)!?
Both mixed and ready for use.
PECTORAL, &c., Ac., &c>
Purchasing as wo do foi cash only from our
old established connections in New York anil
Philadelphia, we are enabled to procure goods
of the best quality n$d at the lowest rates.
We will be pleased to furnish quotations a
any time.
SCRIPTIONS receive our most careful an^
prompt personal attention, and overy e
made to maintain the bigh reputation (rf our
old establishment. sop

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