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ED3AB 32STOTV"iD_EiT<. MONDAY EVENING, JANUARY 29, 1S78. *' * *T .1 , 1 . | ?.Ae la III ; Senate ot tbe U. 3. 10 aay mure ?? the um.i! Monday ialroduo ion of bills, resolutions, tftczaorii!.?, &J. after which the Bland Silver Bill wa9 taken up, and Mr. Morrill, of Vermont, read a long speech in opposition to (he passage of the bill. In the House, the States were cilled for bills, re?olutions, &o., under which there was a regular "down pour" of bills of every conceivable legislative character, all of which went to committees?there to rest. A resolution expressive of the scdso of the House against any and ail subsidies was passed ?ITS to 1S5. We doubt if there be one of tbe many readers of the Richmond Whig, or a single acquaintance of any of tho editorial corps of that able journal, who does not believe that its course on the State debt is diotated by coo33ienticus motives, and is pursued with sole reference to the achievement of the public good; but at the same timo we doubt whether there be many of its best friends who do not think it is mistaken, and that the readjustees movement, as it has been conducted, is ca'culated to weaken, if not to disrupt, the conservative party, upon the unity of which depends the electoral vote of the State at the next Presidential election. It may attempt to justify itself upoo the ground that it is assured of the correctness of its views? but if it will consider that of all tho daily pa pursio the State, it is the only one that entertains those views, and that tho editors of those papers are actuated by motives as puro and unselfish as its own, and are as thoroughly convinced of tho wisdom of their course as it can possibly be of that by which it is impelled, and that they all agree that the debt question can be settled within the conservative caucus, and without the assistance of the enemies, of that party, the radioals and independents, and that a large portion, if not a majority, of the conservatives of tho State, and among that portion nearly all tho old and well-tried leaders of the party endorse their opinions, it may find some reason to add its own great and justly acknowledged influence to that of its State contemporaries in their effort to prevent a breach in the party, the effect of whioh oan but be disastrous, and none will weloome its valuable assistance more heartily than the Gazette. The bill now beforo the Legislature of Maryland to authorize the C. & 0. Canal Company to issue additional bonds for the repair of that oanal, and to uso its cwj boats in the navigation thereof, will, it is rumored, meet some opposition, upon the ground that while the canal only benefits three or fouroounties in Maryland, it is antagonistic to Baltimore by deflecting the ooal trade from that city and carrying it to Georgetown and this port. Tho unconcern with which the Maryland authorities treated tho striker*' iotmuption to canal navigation last summer compared with the celerity with whioh they removed the obstruction to railroad transportation,coca9ioncd by similar means soon after, gives strength to this rumor and ccca sioos some acxioty to the friends of the canal. The omal company has the light to issue repair bonds without the oonsent of the Legislature, and beoausc it goes to that body to enable it to negotiate these bonds more readily, and to take measures for increasing its revenue by doing some of its own oarrying trade, is no reason, it seems to us, for oripling it simply beoause some of the coal mined at Cumberland is chipped to the Potomac by the canal instead of to Baltimore by the B. & 0. It. It. Baltimore receives too rauoh trade from Virginia for the Maryland Legislature to bo thinking about injuring one of her own lines of internal improvement because some of the trade of that line comes to a Virginia city, and wo have too good au opinion of Maryland legislators to entertain the anxiety alluded to. It was stated in some of the newspapers last week that the labor organization had employed an agent at Washington for the especial purposa of noting the votes and speeohes of the Senators and Representatives in Congress upon any and all questions relating to tho interests of labor so that tho information so gained and presorvod may be used in subsequent elections. Ia oar opinion the salary this agent draws is a useless expense,as the vote on the Silver Bill,which will be recorded at the cost of the whole people, will effectually settle tho status of the members of Congress upon tho subject referred to. Any man who votes in favor of allowing large corporations, who owo money or who expend large sums for wages, to linni/tofa (fioic rtahfa nrnoD thoir nnftr nmnlftDOAO UVj Utuonv vuwia awio|V! |VMVI? j/wvi vuipiv/vvm in a carrenoy worth ten oents in the dollar less than greenbacks, shows pretty well how his sympathies ran on the labor question. Upon information famished by a member of the bar who wa9 present when the decision was rendered, we stated on Saturday that Judge Keith had, that day, in the Circuit Court of Loudoun county, decided ,4chat an unmarried man, who boards laborers on his farm, is not a householder or head of a family within the meaning of the homestead law." The correct 1 statement of tho oase is as followsA negro man olaimcd "Homestead exemption" against fi. fa. levied upon his personal effects. Tosustain this claim ho proved that he was uomar- 1 ried, had no family, lived in the family of another negro man, and contributed "one half" ( toward household expenses, but had no inter- ] est in the houso or cnrtilege. Upon this proof 1 the Judge instructed the jury that the olaimant J was not entitled to the exemption, and they so < found, ] ALEXANDRA Wo understand that partridges still continue i to be exposed for sale in the markets Washing- 1 tOD, and that it n probable they arc carried ! therefrom Virginia and Maryland, in both of | which Stales the season during which they i may be legally killed has expired. A dead bird, in the two States named, i i proof that the possessor has broken the law. What the ordi nances of Washington are in rrgird to gime, or whether there be aoy or cot, we do not know, but wc trust the authorities ot that city, if for no other reason lhau to gratify the sports men residing there, may look into this matter, and do what they can toward assisting the cfr .l.i nio.li, hi? ?hr>ir cnrrnundiniT lores mat aru utiu^ . ?.w.. Slates to preserve the game io the vicinity of the national Capital. We are informed by a gcatleuiau engaged in the liquor trade of this city that some of the other dealers arc Dot ooly iijuriDg their own business, but that of the whole city, by their misaonstructioo of the liquor law. Acting upon this misconstruction they add forty cents tax to the price of every gallon of liquer they sell, and thereby drive the trade to Washington or Baltimore, as their customers very Daturally suppose all the other dealers make the same oharges. The tax on a sioglo gallon is forty oents, but ou every gallon in execs* of one up to and 'inc'uding five, not forty, but only ten ceDts tax should be charged, while on quantities of more than five gallons there is no tax. Foreign News. THE EASTERN WAR. 'lhe Montenegrins on Saturday captured, after a violent bombardment, threo fortified islands iu Lake Scutari, and were preparing to attack tbo important fortress of Zibliao yesterday. A division of the Frenoh Mediterranean iquadron left Toulon for the Levant yesterday. A Constantinople correspondent says the Porte has reoeived a telegram to the effect that the preliminaries of peace havo been signed, and that tho Turkish delegates and the (iraod Duke Nicholas would reaoh Adrianopleon Satj ucday. The same correspondent states that j England had the Porte's permission to enter ! the Dardanelles. The London Post publishes the following as an official version of the preliminary conditions of peace: First?Autonomy for Bulgaria (boundaries i not defined,) under a Governor to be appointed according to tho stipulation of the Constantinople ooDference, the Turkish military forces to be withdrawn to certain localities to be determined upoD. Second?The independence of lloumania, wifh enmnensatinn for territory near the mouth of the Danube, which she will make over to Russia, x Third?Local autonomy for Bosnia and Herzegovina, and tho independence of Servia, with territorial rectification. I This rectification of the Servian frontier may mean the transfer of Little Bzwornik to Scrvia, but in deference to Austria and the other Powers the question is left quite open.] Fourth?Aggrandizement for Montenegro on tho basis of the status quo post bellum, subjcot to the approval of the Powers. Fifth?The cession of Batoum and payment of indemnity in money, territory, or some equivalent to be determined upod. Finally, the Sultan to undertake to consider how to protect Russian interests in the passage of the Dardanelles. The St. Petersburg Golos has an important inspired article, suggesting measures to retrieve Russia's financial position after the war. It oonolude9 by advocating partial disarmament, and says:?"Even if such a course is not deoided upon by a conference for tho whole of Europe, Russia might adopt it with impunity, considering her admirable veteran army, inured to war by a difficult campaign. The total Ilus sian losses in Europe to January 5th were 80.435 men. A dispatch from Chalcis, Greece, dated January 25, says"The transport of troops, artillery and ammunition to the frontier is pro ccc-ding vigorously. Everything indicates immediate hostilities. All the infantry havo left for Lamia. Great enthusiasm prevails. [Note ?Lamia is near the Turkish frontier. 1 An Athens dispatch says:?"The news of the conclusion of peace caused great consternation. The Chamber of Deputies suspended its public sitting. A large orowd paraded the streets, making demonstrations in favor of war. The crowd was dispersed by the troops. Several of the police were injured by stones. It is feared this manifestation will lead to serious disturbanoes." A secret sitting of the Chamber was held CaH ikft M1HWACA aT t ft 1 1 H rt 1 m AA*"f ftrit OtllUI uuy lUi IftJU v i i a XV iu^ iui]/i?ujut resolutions on the foreign policy. Despite the news of the armistice and tho renewed agreement between the several Groat Powers, the Helleolic Government intends, if it obtains the assent of the Chamber, to actively support the insurrection of Thes9aly and Crete. Tho demonstration has assumed a grave as pect. A crowd exceeding 10,000 in number marched to the residences of Ministers Deli coupis, Ziimis, CoumouDdouros and Dclyannis, where they broke windowsaod committed other excesses. Ttiey Gred revolvers wouodiog throe persons and killing one. The crowd then proceeded to tho Palace. The King haraDgued them, and said the oircumstanoes were painful for the nation. Nobody loved tho country more than ho, but it was indispensable to remain calm. The troopssubscquently dispersed tho crowd. A renewal of the disorders is expected to-day. A Londoo dispatch says that Russia has "shown a more earnest desire than ever to maintain tho good understanding hitherto prevailing," and the idea obtains that tho present exchango of views will lead to a satisfactory issue. A Berlin telegram says that Russia has had warning within the past few days that the terms of peace must have tho approval of the Powers. London, Jan. 28.?The Times autboratively denies that part of the Russian army will traverse Constantinople and embark at that place for home as was mentioned in the Daily Telegraph's special dispatoh of Friday last reporting the peace conditions. A special dispatch from Vienna to the Daily Telegraph says:--"The Russian demands will encounter serious opposition from Eogland and Austria. The latter power is particularly opposed to tho retrocession of Bessarabia to Rus ..J .- J:?: j * .1 I sia anu 10 uuy ouuuiuudh uuiug mure man iu cripple Turkey." The Loodoo Daily News io its leading editorial article says that at the Cabinet oouocil ou Sunday it was dctermioed to persist with the demand for tho supplementary vote. London, JaD. 2S.?The exceptional step of suddenly summoning a Cabinet oouocil on Sunday is regarded in some quarters as an indication that the political atmosphero is notolearing. 1 The latest authentic advices from Constantinople do not confirm the statement in the spe- i cial dispatch from that city to this morning's i London Standard that the Porto has received a 1 telegram to the effect that the preliminaries of i peace have been sigaed and that the Turkish ' delegates and tho (irand Duke Niobolas would j reaoh Adrianople on Saturday. Up to 9 o'clock last night the Porte had no t advioe of the conclusion of an armistice,though i orders were telegraphed to the Turkish plcni- \ potentiaries on Friday to aooept the prelimina- i ries of peace. The delay causes apprehension J that the armistice may be accompanied by one- t rous conditions. The Porte is now in the peculiar position of having acoeptod terms of peace without knowing on what conditions an t taMKfwn i w i"1 itimb?imiTHBTm*m*nn?ai?rrm A. GAZETTE AK irmisticc will be granted. Ad armistice if properly handled must make ihe Buskins more j than ever masters of the situation. They arc at liberty to fis, cot only the lioe of demarcation,but the time during which they may remain in possession of the territory rccupied. This 1 will leave their hands free to settle details ac , oordicg to tbeir own views which in the peace , preliminaries have given place to gencrai priocio'.es. Thus, in the latter with regard to Bulgaria the future limits of (bis province do net * k??r? cnnnin,-.fl n nr t h O it P fr rpf> t O appear 10 nave vl-uu -whioh autooomy of Bulgaria or reforms in Bos nia and Herzegovinia are to estood. The same seems to be the case with regard to an increase of territory for Montenegro. The cession of Roumanian Bessarabia is not mentioned and ihe question of the Dardanelles is reserved. Nor is anything said about a march into or through Constantinople which seems rather to be a matter connected with the suspension of arms. Meantime the Russians, Servians and Montenegrins arc pushing military operations with great vigor about Widdin, Prcs.sand.Likc Scutari and Silistria and in the Moriizt Valley, east of Adrianople. From all these points war bulletins arc received showing r.o abatement of the offensive by the allies. Suleiman Pasha's army continues to rmtark. Six Egyptian traosport have been ordered to Kavala to assist in the operation. Up to Saturday eveniog Safvet Pasha (acting foreign minister during the absence on the peace rui sion of Server Pasha) persisted in his refusal to inform Mr. jLiyard, the British Ambassador of the terms ot peace showing that the Porte has been pledged by Russia to keep thorn secret. Though the Sr. Petersburg semi-official press declares that withholding the terms was a Tuikish trick to force English action, this is improbable because the Russians could always have defeated such a move by communicating the conditions themselves. Telegrams from Bucharest say that the ice bridge at Sistova has broken up. ENGLAND. The London papers of this morning announce officially that, after explanation with his colleagues, and the stoppage of the fleet in Bcsika Bay, Lord Derby has withdrawn his resignation. The supplementary estimate, it is now believed, will no; be asked for, and it will be so stated to-day when the announcement of an armistice h made in Parliament. The London Post says the Maiquis of Ilartington, the liberal leader in the House of Commons, will refrain from taking immediately an adverse attitude towards the supplementary vote, as the Government's proposals deserve consideration. The Post announces (hat statements in reference to the terms of peaci will be made in both Houses this evening. Even if the Marquis of Hartingtoo does not oppose the supplementary vote, .Mr. Ryland, liberal member ot Barnley, will, as he has already givfD DOtice, make a hostile motion. Mr. Gladstone also writes, relative to the vote : "I have a firm conviction that (Lis most indiscreet proposal will bo steadily and power ** nnf I L niw I Ln n. luuy reaisicu iu l ai iijlu'jui, j. wuj?u uh uuuutry will intelligibly express ils opinion on the snbieot." The LondoD Times says the demauil was originally announced as a vote supplementary of estimates for the army and navy in the current year, but the official notice or orders of the day 6howi that it is transformed into a vote of credit beyond the ordinary grants of Parliament. A special expeditionary expenditure is ; thus contemplated and notified to Parliament, and the vote asked for refers to the dclioito cost of some definite movement. The efficiency of the army aDd navy is to be increased in view of a particular duty which may be oast upon them. The Leader says 4lWc return to the belief that Sir Stafford Northcotc must announce the postponement of the proposed vole. If, however, the improbable alternative is still temporarily msinuined, the Marquis of Ilarliogton will move an ad jourumeut of the debate until Tucs Jay, and it is understood that thef Government wiU be willing to consent to it immediately." The London Times considers that the Government cmnot believe in the rcaliiy of the daoger, or in the reality ot the measures it recommcDds as safeguards, or it would not submit to this delay. The London Times says up to this moment the definite and official announcement of the terms of peaco is not forthcoming, and the Ministers Dmy on thisaccount jusiily their hesitation in abandoning the proposal for a supplementary vote. MISCELLANEOUS. The North German Gazette, reviewing the proceedings of the English Parliament, says: "We note the termination cf (his English cpie/iilo nf iniapoAnhcin irMdli nn.irrl na <"( 11 if!; !u na DVUW V.' I IUIV.I TUUVIULI| IT 1. IWU v u.?vvt v,w * j v. . w. - j -w it began, with the greatest slli.-factioo, especially a9 it afforded fresh opportunity of prov iDg the unshakable understanding between the three iqjporial Power?. All machinations aiming directly or indirectly at undermining the alliance of the three Emperors, which is the most effectual guarantee of European peace, are again frustrated in this phase of the crisis by the loyalty of llussb, who remained in intimate communication with Austria throughout, and by Austria's unshakable adherence to her former Eastern policy." The Pope's condition is worse, lie kept his bed Saturday and partook of no nourishment. Mis unfavorable symptoms continue, and hio Holiness is in'a very low condition, tjpr. it is not believed that there is aDy sorioii' c.ru-e for alarm at present. The Central American news is threatening, bnt war has not yet been declared, though rumors are rife of preparations for war, such as buying gunboats, arms, etc., but nothing positive is known. The German man of war sent rut to enforce the Eiseostuck .claims upon Nicaraugua was expected to arrive upon the coast about the end of the present month. An Italian rquadroD is also reported to be on the way to Central American waters to arrange respecting the losses sustained hv Italian subjects in the San Miguel riots of 1S75. A rumor that Spain will sign a treaty with Santo Domingo at the end of this month, as sumiDg a protectorate over that island, causes ? _ i'-- T\ : j ii great c-xcuemeoc iu oao jL'junugu auu xiiiyu, and serves to further increase the unpopularity of President Bacz. The rumor is somewhat strengthened by the appointment of new Spanis CodsuIs at several ports ot the Dominican republic. An appalling famine is racing throughout four provinces of North China. Nine millions of people arc reported destitute. Children are daily sold in the markets for food. The foreign Relief Committee appeals to America and Eogland for assistanoo. They request Mr. A. A. Low, of New York, to form an American committee to,collect funds aod deposit them with the agent of the Hong Kong Bank. The Mexican Raids. Chicago, III., Jan. 28.?The following order has bema issued by Gen. Sheridan "By dia^^p of the President tbo following named the army are detailed to act in conjunction^th one person to be designated by the Governor of Texas as a hoard to investi- i srato the recent troubles in Ei Paso county Texas:?Col. John H. King, 9th lofantry | Lieut. Col. Wm. H. Lewis, 14th Infantry, fhe board will assemble at Fort Bliss, Texas, I ind then in snch places in El Paso county as ? may be deemed necessary to secure a thorough i anderstandiog of the matters presented in the ' capers which will be laid before it. First Lieut. J Leonard Hay, Adjutant of 9th Infantry, is deailed as recorder of the board." A man in New York lately waltzed fori! welve consecutive hours. 11 IB VIBGINIA Letter from Richmond. [Correspondence of the Alexandria Gazette. I KlCHMOND, January 26, 1S7S. A few days sicca a c-rrcspocdeot writing to the Dispatch sujue^ed (he uame of General J09f ph 10. Johnston in connection with the position of representative ia Congress from this district. This afternoon the following beautiful ami manly letter appeared, which casts no loss lustre upon the writer than upon the distinguished soldier: RicrnnND, January 26, lb7S. Col. Eil i rin liar vie: Dear fcir?Touching your inquiry as to my aspirations lor Congress, 1 desire to say to you frankly that if ono man in this district will accept the election I have no desire for the plaie. On the contrary, it would give mo joy and prido to lead in any demonstration in his favor. My little hopes and ambitions are a> nothing compared with tbo homago duo by the pooplo of Virginia to Joseph E. Johnston. rJ 1m peer of Leo, the central figure of a hundrod glorious Confederate tableaux?looming as he docs, like Saul "from his shoulders and upward hiaher than any of tho people"?it would bo the veriest presumption to set up pretensions in cor flict with his. 1 say to you as my Iriend, ' and 1 wish you to pas3 tho word, that, legardless of any personal ambition, regardless of any quoslion of litness for the cilice, of age, or inclination, of disappointment or chagiin, it is onough for ine to know that "(lid Job" is again on the war path to make me leap to tho flag I lovo to follow. Those who, with you and mo, surrendered beneath him at Jamestown, H. (J., in 1803, are Lw in these parts; tut, lew or rruny, not one of them but will put his shoulder to thu wheel to atono for and repair Virginia's apparent neglect of a general soeond tj none who defended her in the Confederate war. Is'ow let General Johnston but say tte word? let tho roll bo called?and i claim the privilege with you, his .trusted adjutant, of bearing his flnndnrd to victory. Yours truly John S. Wise General Johnston has Dot yet announced whether Lo will accent the position. Should General Johnston tud ho will be the only candi date from Richmond. If he docs not it will not be difficult to find several gentlemen who will not be averse to representing the district in CoDgrcss. Mr. (3. T. Smith, of Nelson, lias announced himsc'f as a candidate for the office ol State Treasurer in opposition to Hod. R. M. T. Hunter, the- present incumbent. So there arc too members of the legislature who have so far announced themselves as candidates for office? Mr. McMullen, of Greene, ciodidatc for Second Auditor, and Senator Smith, ot Nelson, for Treasurer. In the Supreme Court the case of Alexandria city vs. Washington and Leo University is the fir.-t case for Tuesday. 1 learn that Miss Mary Anderson was not exactly satisfied with the houses she had here.? It is true that the audience were not as large as have been seen in the theatre, but I think fii.c did as well as Lawrence Garrett, who came here the wc(k before her and tock away all the money. The financial depression has as much c-ffcct upon the young bloods cf the Virginia cities as it does upon the merchant, hence there were few of (lie boys who could stand three dollars per night for two successive weeks.? This was the rizc cf the pile that was r<quired to sec Miss Mary Anderson with four eyes.? Miss Anderson will have larger houses when she visits Richmond again. Mr. Mushbach's biil in relaiion lo the debt of Alexandria was passed by the House of Deleeat es to day. It now goes to the Senate. The House to day passed the resolution oi Mr. Walker, of Chesterfield, iu relation to remooetizAtioL'. The resolution as now amended instructs our Senators and requests our representatives in Congress to vote for the rcmonctizition of silver. ''Unconditional remonetizu lion and as a legal tender" was stricken out cf the resolution. Society talk: "All the old maids iu Richmond are to be married this wiDter." In response to a call signed by lie.v. Dr. llogc, llcv. J. I>. Jctc-r, Geo. Joseph E. Johnston. Thos. llranch. and other gentlemen, llcv. Dr. J. L. M. Cutry wi'.i deliver au address upon the moral obligations, both of individuals and of States, to pay their debts. The address Will be delivered Tuesday Dight. Senator Quescii hurry has made bis political grave, lie iias fallen between the two logs for he tried to walk on both. The Senator is begiuicg to feci that he has made a mistake somewhere. Whether it was in going into the cau cus which elected him Speaker or in leaving it ju-t at the lime he should have stuck to it 1 know not. To use a hack negro phrase lie "is catching it ail around." In my las', letter I spoke of the approaching nuptials of a certain well known and popular member of the IIouso with a Richmond belle. The gentleman is a game mao, a good fellow, and be does not live a hundred miles Irom Alexandria, nor fifty either. He is dark. She is lair. S j rumor says, and where there is so much smoke there must be some fire. The rcadjusters are beginning to recover from their recent reverses and will try again. Mr. Marshall rarks, or iNoriolk, wants to^ot bofnrc the Finance Committee and explain his proposition for collecting the tax on liquor, and which lie proposes to substitute for the Moffett register. [t is nothing more than his ceupuD book project, which has been publUhed in all of the papers. Although it will impose the same amount of trouble, upon the barkeepers, yet they would h.ke to see it adopted. They take pli*a.>ure in opposing anything that has the name of Moffett. Virginia Sews. The suit of the Citiz ma' Bank of Petersburg agoiust S. P. llariiogton, one of the sureties ot D. A. WcPigor, cashier of the bank, to recover nearly $3,000 which the cishier had allowed to bo over checked, has been decided in favor ol the delbodant. Tiie case arose from the embczzlemcnt ol some $17,000 in 1376 by Samuel II. Thoruburo, (he individual bookkeeper of the bank, the over checking being done with his knowleigeand by bis connivance, and nor, as claimed by the defence, with the knowledge of the cashier. Opium, according to the Staunton Spectator, has acquired a powerful hold upon the residents of that place, many even of the young ladies of the town beirg addicted to its use. The ooly possible consolation to be derived from this information is that the State will not be subjected to aoy expense iu carrying the unfortunates to the asylum, in which, it is prob..k 1 _ .! :11 i .? *_ i- . . u'JJLj LUL'y V.IU UQU lUCir IlVtS. The grand jury of the Hustings Court of Manchester has indicted the Oouooil of that town for violation of its charter in making certain appointments; also several ot the town officers for malfeasance in office and neglect of their duties. They have also indicted one of the Councilmc-n separately for embezzlement. Miss Sally Filzhugh Edmunds, of Mount Airy, Fauquier county, Va., died on the 23d insr. in the ninety fourth year of her age. Geo. P. GordoD, inventor ot the Gordon printing pres3, died in Norfolk last Saturday. Charges Against Senator Butler. Neat York Jsd. 23.?The^Times this morning publishes serious charges against General M. C. Puller, of South Carolina. It says that while a delegate to the Tax Payers' Convention of South Carolina he made a bargain with i number of persons engaged in a speculation iQ South Carolina bonds, whereby he was to use his influenco as a member of the convention to further the schemes of the speculators, rhat in consideration for such conduct on his part, be was to receive ten per cent of the pro5t3 which should accrue to Iho speculation from the action of the oonvent;on, and that he really performed his share of the bargaiD. iDVERTISEB. 1-e^isIatiTC. In i:jo State Senate, gq Saturday, a resolution wan adopted instructiog tho Committee for Coui 13 of Justice to inquire and report whether cr not counties containing more than eight thousand inhabitants can be formed into districts for county judges. Bills were parsed to authorize the erection of toll gates on abandoned turnpikes; to amend the act to incorporate the Washington, Cininoati and St. L.uis Itailroad Company with reference to limes of meeting of stockholders; to amend the act iu relation Lo the enforcement ofjudgment lien.-; to amend the actio regard lo limitation (f entry on or action for land; and to amend the ilth and 12th sections of an act to provide for recordation of fiduciary accounts. The llou c bill 10 empower tho Governor of Virginia lo pdut into negotiations with the Governor c 1" Maryland in relation to marking and designating the bjundary line was laid od tho table. In tin: Home uf Delegates bills were reported from committees to authorizi the trustees ol Davis' school district ol Sheuandoah county 10 ^f-1! a certain lot cf'land, ; to amend the C.'do in relation to contributing members of volunfn r companies of militia; to ameDd the Code in relation to price paid lor land warrants lor waste land*; lor the relief ol the Giles County Iron Company; to prohibit the catching and killing of terrapins and turtles during close sea.ioL; providing lor the lease if the penitentiary aud hiring of convict?; to provide that i'jrci/n corporations doing business in Virginia shall bo h id to he domestic corporation.-; io relation to the MclVrmick telescope; in relation to interest on moocj; and providing lor the lease of the penitentiary. Adverse reports Were made aod agreed to upin bills to repeal the act to create a Railroad Commissioner for the Scale of Virginia, and to impose a tax on certain dogs, &c. ]> i!s were introduced to amend, &3., Code '73 io reference to recovery ut rent reserved in a share ol tire crop.-; to take the sense of the qualified voters of the State on the question as to whether they wili have a convention to revise and amend the constitution of the State; and to amend an act to establish a department of agriculture, mining, &c. A resolution was adopted iostiucting the Committee on Roads and Internal Navigation io inquire whether the ll;?i!road Commissioner has examined into tin charges for freights on the railroads of the State, and whether illegal discriminations are made by the said railroad companies between Ire?I and through freights, and for the purpose the snid committee are authorized to tend for pcrsoD and papers. The following resolutions aod bills were passed : ? instructing Senators and requesting Representatives in Congress to vote tor reinooctizilion of stiver; the act to incorporate the Charlottesville and Rapid in Railroad Company; to incorporate the Virginia General Manufacturing and Produce Shipping Company; to provide for the working of roads in the counties ot Shenacdcah aod Page; to amaod the Code in relation to inspection of fbur; iD relation to contributing members of military companies; to amend sect. 0, chap. 100 of the Code io relation to unlawful fi-hiog; to amend the Code in regard to action for injuries; to authorize the City Couocil of Alexandria to compromise the debt of the (i y and to issue bonds io accordance with the terms of such compromise, and presciibiog the mode io which the payment of the interest on such bonds may be enforced; to "provide for replacing Rivanna canal with convict laboi; and to incorporate Franklin city iD the county of Accomac. The resolution reported from the Committee on Schools and Colleges in relation to the Mc Cormick telescope was taken up. The rosoluiion prate-fully accents the telescope offered the University of Virginia, but represents that owing to the financial condition of the State it is impossible now to erect the observatory, but that if Mr. McCormick will Permit, iho tolo>copc will bo received, housed, and well taken care ol until ihe finances ol tlie State permit the erection of the obscrva tory, &e. Alter some discussion the resolution, memomis, cce., were ordered to bo printed without other action beiog takcD. i lie ftUi Congressional District. [Communicated. It is really too eaily to prepare for the Dext Congressional campaign, as people, especially in this part of the district, have much more important matters to occupy their time and atteotiou uulil within a reasonable time of the election, but the "bali" having boen set in motion, and several prospective candidates spoken of, it may not be improper just now to say a word or two in regard to (ho desirability ot the people to tnakc any change from the present incumbent. I am able to speak whereof I koow as to this part (and it is not a part to be overlooked) of 1 he district. Id the first place I do not believe that the people of Loudoun dc.-iro any change. If you listen to a few loud spoken ones who may have bccu unable to obtain for themselves or friends, one or more of the positions under control ol the dif lerent officers of the House of Representatives, and which it has been supposed each member of Congress has only to name an applicant for, to get, you would be led to believe that a great revulsion of feeling had taken plaoe toward Gen. IJ. I am satisfied that this dissatisfaction goes uo further than this. 1 Dotice that your correspondent, lour stars, or asterisks, in forwarding the claim of Mr. Nealc, gives as one of his reasons why the people should support him / \l \ 1,1 . 1 -II . . ! II i* liur. jlnj uiatne win represent tne wnoic uisfrict." It occurs to me that until said four aslcrirks proves that the whole district is not now ably represented, this is no reason at all for the change, and we should not be asked to risk such a doubtful expedient. In what way has Alexandria been misrepresented ? Surely s'no has had a fair division cf the spoils, and that seems to be the "cat in the meal tub" with ail of these introducers of new candidates. Alexandria has one of the priocipal positions allotted to her citizens, Capt. Steuart, and if I'm not mistaken, a majority of the minor places under the postmaster cf the House arc filled by his fellow citizens. She has the honor of a resident U. S. Senator, and probably many other places are filled by her citizens of which "I wot not." As for we people up here in Loudoun, and 1 think I can speak lor these who will cast a maiorily of the votes next fall, we do Dot now, so far as we know, want any change, surely not for aov one as yet mentioned. Our popular lawyer, Powell Harrison, I dare say, is no aspirant for the position, and is not therefore included in the above. But let the different counties bo heard from as to their reason for pushing forward new men for a T>laco al ready well ailed, acd where experience is the best qualification tor the post. CATOCTIN. Loudoun Co., Jan. 20th. Court of Appeals of Virginia.?Globe Mutual Lite Insurance Company vs. Cobb.? Appeal refused to a judgment of the Corporation Court of Norfolk". Tyler, Sergeant, vs. Taylor, Auditor. &c.? Fully argued by Wm. L. ltoyall for the plaintiff, and the Attorney General tor the defendant, and submitted. The Milton and Sutherlin railroad will bo finished to Milton, N. C., in ten days. Babies cry because they suffer ; and the most reliable remedy for the relief of their discomfort is lh\ Bull's Baby Syrup. Only 25 cts. er bottle, ! -mumiij ?-.. Tlie I<on?siana Returning; Eoar?J. A dispatch from New Orleans, dated yesier* day, says: I "The disappearance of the members of the re- f turning beard, after the issue of the order for their arrest on Friday by Judge "Whittaker, of f < the Supremo Court, led to the suspicion that they were concealed in tho custom house. Sheriff Houston on Saturday^ proceeded to the mair. door of the collector's office in tho custom hou-? and informed the marshal and deputy collector that he had a writ to execute against J. Madison Wolls and others, whom he had good reason to believe wcro conlined in that office, and he desired admittance. This was refused, and the chief doputy marshal was summoned and or dered the sheriff, his posse and the crowd todi;. perse. "The sheriff refused to leave, stating lie wa; determined to executo the writ of tho court v. any hazard, or ba arrested in the aUompt Sheriff Houston then sligh-ly advancing. Dip> Is* ty Marshal Wurzburger laid hands upon him > * ;! claimed him and bis deputies as prisoners. Tim sheriff and party submitted to arrest, and wor taken before Judge Billings, silting in th 3 U. S. Circuit Court, but the latter said he had nothing to do with the matter, as the parlies had rm: been arrested by virtue of any process from hicourt. Mr. Wurzburger then took hi; prisoner; before U. S, Commissioner Lane. Mr. Tomiinson, the collector's corresponding secretary, then made an affidavit against Sheriff Hou-to:' for resisting a custom house ollicer, and sent 1' >r tho commandor of the revenue cutter and a dotachmont of marine;, ordering them to be stationed at his door, through which a parage hsto bo effected to roach the collector's oili,-Gen. Sheldon and Mr. Dolorvin, appearing before Commissioner Lano and denying the jur. diction of his court, asked lor Sberifl Houston release. Mr. Gurley, assistant district attorn--, asked for a continuance until Monday. I' m:.. missioner Lano refused to grant the contir.. ance, and released $ijeritf Houston on hi; recogaiztnce. The latter inimediately dispatc .ed a subordinate to bring tin armed lore,' t. . feet an entrance to tho custom house "The entrance to tho collector's oilico w:r,;;,. troled by armed marines from tho revenu? out ter John A. Dix. Tiny were there r.s a 1). S. Marshal's force, and under command of Gim'i Wharton. Gen. Sheldon thinks Deputy Ma: sh&l Wurzburger is liable und.T State iaw obstructing a Stato peaco o timer in the I ' m:. k mato discharge of hi; duty. ' The following ha3 been telegraphed : "To Hon. Chas. Devon;, Attorney Geiora". "Washington, D. 0 : Four persons, .1. Maiis.e: Wells, Thomas C. Anderson, G. Casenave and L. M. Konner, who are under an informal! for felony under the laws of the State, luve ; feited their recognizance, and have, lam ir. formed, taken shelter in tho custom hou-o ? .' this city. Writs for their arrest are in th hands of the sheriff, and ho wont with the writto arre;t them. Understanding they wore up in a room of the building, ho was about : force an entrance lor tho purpose of arrestim thom, when ho v,*hj himself arrested, a; 1 a:u informed, upon an aliiJavit 1 hit ho threatened to opon the door by force. I am not aware < l any cession of exclusive jurisdiction or. thibuilding, nor cf any laws that would give immunity to offenders against tho rrtate laws within its walls. Please inform rao whether tl.e general government has authorized or will tain this conduct. "H. N. Oodkn, "Attorney General of Louisiana " About 10 o'clock last night Marshal Wharton received a dispatch from tho Attorney Gemral instructing him not to interfere with t; execution of the w. its of tho State courts. tSheri:'. Houston was notilPd, and found Anderson, Kenner and Cacsenavo in tho collector's ot!ie \ from wheuco they were taken to tho pari.-:, prison, where the}'will remain until they furnish new bonds in tho sum of $-5,000 each. Weil was not in tho custom house but was seer. <?:' a moving train of the Mobile road. It is believe he is still in the State, and will surrender Monday and furnish bonds at onco. When the sheriff arrested tho three reluming board ollicors he informed them that to spare them tho contumely of being taken on foot through the streets he would convey them to orison in a Carriage, which oiler was accepted. Mr. Anderson seemed much excited Or n moment. L it then invited tho whole party to take a drink, saying. ''This is 1 he anniversary of thorny.:: 1 which we declared tho vote cl' Louisiana " The sheriff then asked where Wells was, saying ho had a capias for him also. Well's s a answered that tfco sheriff had made several inoifpptiml R'tpmnli to addrpc;? hi? f-ithnr bv break ing into houses for tho purpose, And that I." would not succeed any bettor now that Mr. Wells was not in the custom house*. Mr. A:derson corroborated this, but said that Cover.. ; Wells would bo in tho Superior Criminal Court on Monday morning. For tho present lie v.%not in tho city, or cvon in reach of telegraph. Ti in far en co is that ho is on board tho Cnit'-t States revenue cutter Jobn A. Dix. A special from New Orleans says ;?The eitement io the returning board case has som what abated, la an interview, Anderson st at i the reason they hid iu the custom house gain timt; that on the present jury in the .-'a perior Criminal Court is not a single colored mar ; that the jury was drawn to convict thci:i and their or.ly object was to gain time. II ' ; intimated pretty bitterly that tiioclfect of tiu u | treatment by the administration might lead (> ' something unexpected, but rofu-ed to say v;hc\ in con versa! i m with prison officials. howev:r, the trio have expressed themselves to thecIf that if they are ?je-erLe?i by those they pUo.. in power they will make disclosures exceedingly unpleasant. The two colored men arc very down hearted. Thev say there is no hope lor them with a packed jury and everyone r.rrayi ' against them. Anderson, though dispiritt-.i at times, grows fierce and bitter. Search h> been made cvcr> where to day lor Welis, f ir without cfFrct. It is believed that In stand on Saturday fur Washington, and that lh custom house resistance was for the purpose o giviog l.ioi time to roach Washington; tho' when there lie will go to the Frcdicoi a mi urge their desperate condition, aud show l.;v. that unless ho does something ihey will he , vf' It he refuses, then a disclosure will be mil M the whole fraud on condition the prosi cut oe is stopped. It is said intimations have been 1\.?/S (rnr?, n.iffiin lo iliin /iritj I'nif it !' ' UliU KUUI A IUIU I^rf^iur. UVUJ \J i IM\ I, , ,, ?v .. returning board would 6how Hayes's election ! j have been a fraud, thtiprosecution will eea- ' Major Burke was interviewed at New ().* leans about the so called electoral bargain, y<?terday. He defended Pre.-i iont IJayes and ii< Southern democratic Coogre.-smou from i"-' charges of party inli iolity and said: "Thpeople of Louisiana had expressed in f-ivr for the electoral hi 1 i. They regarded it as :? means of letting Mr. Ttldoa down easy, TmT bad been led to expect that Mr. TiMm :m i the democratic pariy north would claim lb'" rights, and if needs bo, enforce them, Regarding the counting of the vote ho r-ai "The Tilden managers in Washington had sohemes for defeating the count in ti.-' Son-i?o. and for holding a new election under Conkling but the party had never authorized lliem. I know positively that Senator Cockling had a speech all prepared in favor cf throwing < tu the vote of Louisiana, in which event ho into have been elected President of the Sonatf. and would have become President of the United States pending the new election, which wouH | have taken place a year afterward. Mr. Tilden friends were satisfied wiih this arraageujen', because they thought that with his woundfresh bleeding he would have no trouble in -1' curing the democratic nomination, and Sena! " Cockling doubtless thought that with the cmtrol of the patronsge he wculd easily slic've llmtao nnrl I r> /\, 1 nriO I h r? rCnilhllfilM C1H01 I'll. JlOJt.l ouu UVbuwv . . date. The cause which prevented an aitcwiat carrying this programme out was il-.cdi.-Ira-t felt by Mr. Conkling's adhcrcDte o:? tlio rpublican side of'the carpet bag Senators from the Southern Staies. Tncy Were .'ill ready enough to slaughter liaye.s because they become alarmed at some of his utterances. and a.f< Grant's declarations. Gut it was feared ih'.t insicad of supporting Senator CoDkiing tlu-v migh.4 vote for Morton 33 they probably would have dt'oe." Msj. lT'i'ke further said he never had an agreement t'igncd by Stanley Matthews, Char. Foster or anybody else, and leading Southern' r-. Matthews and poster were mjustfy assailed. Arthur A. Kendall, ?on of the late Philip Kendall, died of pneumonia, at '''s resident', in Washington, last Saturday ."