Newspaper Page Text
M. ? II
XLKXA-lSriDRIA.. FEIiJAY EVENING, MAY 24. The laudable idea, conceived a year or two ago, of erecting a suitable monument t< perpetuate to the memory of those ol the historic Seventeenth Virginia reeiment who yielded up their lives during the four years' civil war, aud which soon evolved into a tixed purpose, culminated to-day in the unveiling at tho intersection of Prince and Washington streets of a memorial in their honor which would do credit to any city. The iuteresL manifested in the erec tion of the monument had from tho start been earnest, and while no intemperate zeal had been apparent, the originators and these en Ki'ged in the perfection of tho work havr evinced a dotermioation a:;d an indefa:it<a bitf energy wbioh augured its entire success Iroui the titst inception of the project. Tbe vatioua Btagesin the work have been chron? icled in the (!a/.kttk from time to time; hence tht-ir repetition now is unnecessary : but as the day for the unveiling drew on al most the entire community enlisted iu the ente>prie>e, and (ho monument for some timi baa lire'! ,he main tbeme of conversation. Tbe joyful anticipation of tbe scenes ol today tias bei :i more (ban realized, and k' tbe conclusion of the ceremonies conoectei with the unveiling the vast assembleg< parted froru what will henceforth be con .-id<-rrd a sacred spot both eddied and in etructed. The addresses of the renowne?) speakers were pathetic and entrancing, a; tiini s sending electrical thrills through thtti audience, ns was evinced by the nurrah nod applause which so often rout the air. rhe occasion far exceeded anything ii tii" \>. ay of parade or open mr meeting evei seen iu Alexandria, the city from dHy break having put od its holiday attire. Thepopu lation whs Boon doubled by ton large i: ll i? of vibitors and former residents from ever] point ii the compass, and the streets present rid an animated appearance. Iu addition ti? the extraordinarily large number landed by cars aud boats, parties from tbe neighboring Country in carriages and all sorts of vehicle poured into the street.-* froru early morn,anri by noon the neighborhood of the statue was packed by a but? ina^s of humanity. The tveather was about as pleasant as could have been wished for?bright Bunshioe with the iem;ifia:uro low enough to render one com? fortable. There has boon an interval of over three decades since a statue was erected through public -pirit by Alexandrians, the last hav ing baeu the beautiful and imposing shaft in [vy Hiil cemetery, reared, like tbe one dis? played to the public to-day, to the memory of men who died in the faithful discharge of ibeir duty?not, however, amid the clash of war, but in quenching the flame?men who had r sponded to the midnight alarm, and been buried under fullingdebris. May their memory, too, he ever green. Children and graudebiidren of the fallen heroes of the obi Seventeenth mingled to day in the assemblage around tbe monu? ment which will henceforth perpetuate the memory of men who so nobly responded to the call of their native State while in tbe concourse the number who rememberi'd or witnessed the hasty de partum of the Alexandria companies from the same spot just twenty-eight years ago was by no means insignificant. There has ly partings had taken place?some, alas! tinal ones. In not a few instances tbe de? parture of loved ones was so hurried and abrupt that there was no time for parental adieux or blessings. Out of nearly four hundred who made their hasty exit, and of the number who later left for "Dixie," nine ty-seven were destined to return no more, and though over a quarter of a century has elapsed since they fell in tho defence of their principles, Time, the soother of all our sorrows, has hut partially bluntod tbe edge of tbe poignant grief at tbe time ex perienced, and their memory still lives while their self-sacrificing spirit will continue to animate future generations?hereabouts, nt least. War to a largo percentage of the present generation is only known through history; they were either unborn or two young to have witnessed tbe terrible frnits of carnage or to bave realiz d tho self abnegation of men who voluntarily shouldered their mus- j kets in defense of what is sincerely believed I to be Bacred, and many there were who, ' while they stood around that monument to-day lapsed into a thoughtful mood, when the panorama of the scene of the four years' conti et passed through their minds. Tne point at which the monument has i b*ea nlaced is conc-ded to be the most cen iral ami at the same time the most appro? priate in tbe city. A3 stated above, it was from this place that tho Alexandria com? panies took their departure to j in fortunes with their Southern bretbern, and though peveral other localities ha I been suggested, the corner of Prince and Washington streets has ever been looked upon as the most suit? able spot on which to place the memorial to thei lallen heroes. The altitude and widih of tho l<r-r thoroughfare rendering the mouument more conspiclous from a distance than would have been the case bad it beon placed in any other section of tho city. Crowds remained in close proximity to the monument all the morning, and as noon drew on, the time at which the procession formed, the streets in tno neighborhood be? came almost impassible, while windows, poiches, door steps and front and side yards of neighboring bouses were filled to reple? tion. The various organ'/, ilions which were to take part iu the parade beean assembling on Washington e'.reat at 11 o'clock, and were assigned their respective positions in line bv the chief marshal and bis aides. At 12 o'clock the word of c mmand was given and the prccesrion moved in the fol? lowing order: mounted police. CbW Marshal, W. A. Smoot, end aids, Cols. L'ewollyo Hexlon and Edmund Berk? ley, and Mts-rs J. M. Love, I). A. Wind? sor, T. C. Pitcher, and J. 1) Hooe. Marine Band. R E L-eCarnp, Confederate Yeterans.of Alexandria. Survivors of the Army and Navy of the Confederate States of Maryland. Maury (kmp, of Fredericksburg. Clinton Hatcher Camp, of Leesburg. Unattached Confederate Soldiers and Sailors, under command of Col. Arthur Herbert. Carriages containing (lav Ij?p. den. J. E Johnston,Capt. R.T. Daniel and (Jen. M. I>. Cors?; Mecars. R. H. Caldwell, Ci stter Bum berl, Mayor I?jwnhnni and J. Bull Bigter. Drum Corps. Alexandria Light Infantry, Capt. Ceo. A Mnsbbach, Lieuie. Samuel L. Monroe and Albert Bryan. National Fencibles, of Washington, Capt, C. H. Domer. Washington Merchant R M js, of Washing ton, Capt. Costinet. Studeats of the Episcopal High School. Baud. 8t. John's Academy Cadets Bataillon. Will F. Carne, Captain Commanding ; Co A, Capt. Wm. H. Sweeney, L'eut. S. M Lee; Co. B, Lieut. E C. Helpheasttin. Band. Rithbone Division, Uniform Rank, K o P., of Alexandria, Va.?Commanded bj Lieut. J S. Beach. Marshal, Al. Gibson Pvthian Division, No. 1, of Baltimore, anc Washington Division, of Washington. O.^cenla Tribe of B-d Men, of Alexandria Va. Marshal, Fred Kauf. Carriages containing City Council nut City officers and committee. Music. Chief K igineer, J. Carliu Creighton. Friendship Fire Company, of Alexandria Va. Marshal, W. H. Smith. Band. Hydraulion S eam Fire Company, of AI exandria, Va. B. B. Smith, Marshal. Band. Relief Hook and Ladder Comnany, o Alexandria, Va. j Frank Carliu, Marshal Band. Columbia S'eam Fire Company, of Alex andria, Va. Ceo. Uhler, Marshal. The right of the urocession rested on Cameron street, nnd the lin" of march was over the following route: Down Garner' ti to Fairfax, down Fairfax to King, up King to Payne, down Payne to I'ritice, down Prince to Columbus, down Columbus tc Duke, down Duko to Fairfax, up Fairfax to Prince, op Prince ro 8f. Aeaptl, lip St. A1 aph to Ktng, up King to Washington, oul Washington to () onoco, countermarch to Priloca, where the unveiling ceremonies will take pi ice. W. A. Smoot, Commander of Lee C amp Lee Camp was commanded by Lieut Command? er.I. B. Zimmerman. The veterans wore citizens dress,drab Bloachhats, bages, white gloves and carried canes. Pickctt-Buclianan ('.Hinp, of Norfolk; M.,ury Cami> of Fredericksburg; Clinton Ilatchor Camp, of Leesburg, aod the other vetorans iu line were similarly drcs;o 1. Tho Society of I ho Army and Navy of the Con? federate Statoajbf Maryland, w s under e inmand ol < len.B.T. Johnston. Their uniform was tho regula? tion Confederate but. and badges expressly for the occasion and they wore precodod by Charles's band. The Alexandria Light In fan try wore I heir hand some new uniforms or red coats, blue pantaloons, Ac. Tin's was the first time the company had ever appeared in Alexandria iu their now uuiforms and they at) racted much attention. The Washinj t in Men bant Biflos wore a hand? some uniform of dark blue pantaloons and grey coats and were a fine looking body of men. Tho National Foncibles uniform consisted of dark green, trimniod with whito?as handsome as any in tho line. Tho Cadet Corps of St John's Academy turned out fifty Strom; andcarriei its superb embroidered flag,presented some years ar,o bytboy< ung ladies of the Frederick Academy of tho Visitation; The cadets wore their handsome uniform of grav trimmed wit L black and blue, cadot caps and formed two companies. Their lino marching and wheeling elicited mach applause, Bathbone Division U. R. K. of P. wore their showy Pythian uniform with white helmets tu; mounted by red plumes. The oilier Pytloan di? visions weic similarly uuifonued aud mado a fine display. (jsceola Tribe of Bed Men dressed in Indian cos? tumes. They had in line a largo eanoo tilled with littiogirls prettily costumod which was a feature of the parade. Tho Friendship Piro Company turned out fifty members They wore the old firemen's uniform, black )*oiitaloous, red shirts, and firemen's hats. The members drew their engine, which was tasre wily decorated. On tho engine were two children representing Oeirge aud Mary Washing? ton. Tho Hydr*u"ion S. F. E. Company iu nod out bout foriy Btroug, iu bloesbii Uand black psnU I ions, and white helmets. It waa preceded by the fine band of the 3rd Artillery and marehalled by Mr.Gco.T. Petty, the foreman, who Carried tho splendid silver trumpet won by the company nearly forty years ago. Tho bosn carriage, drawn by two handsomely capirisoned gray hones was driven by Mr. Henry c. Phillips; the engine, drawn by four fine grays, had Mr.Thomas D. Dix, its veteran driver, at the ribbons. Neither was trimmed, but both wore neatly vanished aud their metal work shone like gold. The Belief Hook se.1 I adder Coropiny had 25 men in line, dressed in 1<;.m:k pantaioons. white shirts and riremeu's hsii. The/ were beaded by Eibuer's baud, ai.d marched in front of their truck, which was drawn by four horses.driven by Mr. j. If. Clapdore. and. for the first time, the truck was decorated. The decorations cousisted of a bed of evergreens and white roses, with tl >rai arches at each end. and a tower in the middle. Suspended from the dome of tho t ?wer was a handsome 11 iral bell. Tbo Columbia Fire Company turned ont in full force, having over 60 uiou in line Tie.- C rmpany was bended by Cildwell's band. Too engine, which was newly varnished and looked like new. was drawn by four bay hordes, driven by Mr. | Heniy Posey. The reel ?viis drawn by two horses I driven by Mr. B. Budd. On tho reel was mounted a member reprf,contiuo :i Confedi rate soldier dressed in fnl! ( onft derate uniform. Tho hoso-carriage was drawn l y tho members, in uniform, with black pantaloons; rod shirts and firemen's bat . Tho engine was beautiu ly adorned with white flowers. The <1 if piny made bv tho Cremen was (hoc?_'lit by many to be tho pntiiest in the procession. EXEBC1SES AT THE Mo.M .\| ENT. After the procession had marched over the rotito it baited at the corner of Washington and Prince streets and the various commands gathered around tho monument and in front of tho grand stand. The assemblage was callod to order by Chip". W. A. Sn oot.who announced that the exerc'so-s would be opened with prayer by Rev. (! EL Norton, chaplain of the Camp. Dr. Norton then offered the following prayer. O God, who art the blessed and only Potentate, tboKintrof Kings ;md Lord ofLord=, tho Al migh'y Buler of Nations, wo adoro and magnify thy glorious namo lor all the great things which thou hsst done for us. Wo toiid? r thee thank:; fi r tho goodly hf-ritigo which thou lias given u?, for the civil and religions privileges which we en? joy, and for t to multiplex manifestations of this favor towards us. Grant that wo may show foith ,our thankfulness for these, thy mercies, by liv? ing in levorenco of thy Almighty power and do min on, in hiimbln reluiico on thy g o'nessaud ' mercy and in h-ly obodionoo to thy righteous laws. ProEcrve, wo beseech thee, to onr country the blessings of p ace ; roitore them to the nations doprivodofthcm.and restore thoin to nil tho ptople of the earth. May the kingdom of tho Prince of PenceSoonio, and reigning in the hearts ami lives of nu n unite them in holy fellowship. May the memory of our departed heroes inspire ? ns with patriot c dovotion : may all hatred and strife bo buried in their graves. Wo implore thy b!o?sing on all in legisla? tive, judicial and executive authority, that they may have, crace and wildom so to discharge I heir duties as most effectually to promote Thy glory, aud tbe peace, good order and welfare of these United i-taN-s. All which we ask through Jesus Christ <ur Lord who livetb and rcignol-h, with the Father and the Holy Ghost, over one God, world without end. A men. Capt. Bmoofethen iutroducod ("apt B. Travcrs Daniel, of Richmond, who, on the part of the ar?sr, Mr. J.A. Elder, of Richmond, turned ovor tho reonument to Leo Camp. ('apt. Daniel spoko as follows Mr Chairman, Gentlemen of the Committee, ify Coun? trymen : We arc gathered togolhcr to-day to c.immcmo nte tho deeds of sime of the unknown heroes ol our soil, unknown to tho world at largo; thoir memory ciiciimscribod by tho narrow circle ol personal acquaintance and local tradition, f Tt.ey belong to that grand army that sleeps in ? tho biv uac of tho dead throughout our State awaiting the universal reveille to answor at tbe j fina| roll call for tho deeds done in tho body. This host canm i be enumerated or individual!-/.-d, and. standing upon consecrated ground, whoro tin i bones of thousands repose marked only by woi der slabs surmounted by numerals stamp* d in zinc fm J epitaph-", wc must render our homage to them en masse, as wo regard with awe and admiration tin countless billows of iho sea. Their ie?"Ii:'o en? durance and match)-ss valor havoserved t > fill th? trhmp of Fame with tho few gr-at names that r< i sound throughout llio world, and will ^ > 301111*111!: down the ages, while they themselves have boen content to dischsrgo their duty to their country . ami thoir G-jd, todioaud ho forgotten of men. And so it has ev. r boon. LoonidftS won imporishab'c rounwu at Tbeimopolre, bul . the names of his devoted Spartan band ' porisbodwith themselves in that dread slaughter. When the Imperial eagles of Franco swept victo? rious over the battle fields of Europe, tho World stood amazed and *1 zzled by the military geninsol him wh 0 rt-llected gloiy on his satollito marshal-, ! while h's soldiers foil with tho wild acclaim upon i their dying lips?"Vive I' Empreur! Vivo 1h Franco!'' and sank Into namclcs graves. Yon 1 niarlih? hhaft that towers aliovo our national Capi I tal, piertiug the empyrean, reminds ns daily 1 of that paragon of men, of whom a gifted eulogist 1 of tho North has aptly said?his mental and moral attributes were so justly piisrd, that his character leminded him of a perfect circlo,all points of the ' circumference beingequi-distant from tho centre; ' but where is the muster-roll of Valley Forge; who woro tbo men of tho line thai shared his triumph i ut York town .' Much as this is to be rogrctfodit is inevitable. Tho night is mado glorious by tho starry lirina ment on high, yet of tho niyiitds of theso piamti wc can hut single out tho iim-t luminous to name them;-they pale their incff.ctusl ii res before the broad hcaius of tho queen of night-, while she in (urn disappears in tho effn'gonco of the morning sun. And co tho modest efforts of tho niiiltitii*io fado before the inspiration of genius It is thon eminently commondablo to raise this cenotaph? to make this effort to rescue from oblivion tho memory of the o m )n, who consecrated thoirlivos, their fortunes, and the worldly intoroMsof those nearest and dearest to them to tho most sacred cause that can animate 1 ho human breast; save and except tho salvation <>,' the immortal soul?tho cause whose principles will survive until free gov? ernment prove* to be a failure/until the Republic is subverted hi *1 soperccded by kdespotism. They died iu defence of "their altara and their lires," and tho right of thoir people to self-appointed coneti tutioual government; they eugago I in no war of conquest, they sought t> ravish no foreign homes, they desired to depart in peace. They were in? cited by tho ;imo spirit thai Inspired Washington, Jefferson, Henry, Hamilton, Hancock, and thoir confreres 1 > tr >i lo to a successful issue iho great rebellion of the last century, and to crown itasa revolution. And only those who are blinded by 1 past ion and Ecctional pr* j idico will tail to perceive the analogy. Tho independence of tho colonies being thus established it was deemed wise and pru i dent to form a c mpact for rnutnal defence and support: and woall know in what throes and con? vulsions that government was born, and with what protracted relucianco sonio of the colonies contributed to it, at all. 'I he prophet ic kon of the 1 wisest disc med the elements of strife that nlti matcly rent the Union asunder. Virginia ratified tho Constitution with hesitating pen in ono hand, ai d in the other the Bill of Bights, reserving to herself all powers not expressly dclcgatid to tho Federal Government. And 1 challenge to day tho indication of a Binglo lino of that instrument inhibiting the Southern Slates from tho course and tho measures tli! 1 in their m* i sty thought propor to adopt. Nevertheless, it 13 pafc to affirm that in 1861, when the dim clou i of war loomed op iu tho North and came sweeping towards tho South, Micro was no section of Ibis broad continent moro ardontly attached to tho Federal Government than Vir? ginia. With generous-heart and lavish hand she dedicated an cmpiro **f territory to its uses, her sts-.t ?-iupii and philosophers had shaped tho thought and legislation of tho country, her military oora mandors bad shed upon the hriof pairo of its his ' tory a lustre that shewn throughout tho world, tho pride and tradit ions of the prosent generation were bound up in 1 ao Union. 'Jho convention that assembled to deliberate upon tho iinpoudingciisis revealed an ovcrwholm ing Union sentiment; tho debato was long aud earnest, c.lin and dignified. And not until a Prosident installod by a sectional minority com? manded her to supply a quoin of 75.0(H) troops to aid in subjugating her sister Stato" of tho South with whom she was in perfect sympathy, and pro? claimed tho determination to march through bi-r territory for that puipose. did Virgiuia annul the Federal compact. Tho , and not until then, her bugle sounded from the Atlantic to tho Allcgha nies, echoing in evory climo whero her people st journod, and her sons afar and near sprung to arms with unexamp'ed alacrity and devotiou. Studonts and artists in Europe, pioneers in the far West, merchants abioad for pleasure or prr-iit, soldiers in the Uui'od Slates Army, and sailors in its Navy, dropped their present occupations and barkened to the summons. Raphael Sommcs of the navy, J. E. B Stuart, that prenx chevalier of caval? ry, Joseph E.Johnston, high in Federal command, bound by every tio of interest and life-long as? sociation to tho government, casting a lingering look of all"-ction to tho star spangled banner has? tened to place themselves side by side with many j others i imilarly situated under tbe stars and bsrs, the emblem of a nation newly born in tho panoply I 01 wer, like Miuerv^t *p;ingiug fnll armed from tho head of Jove. Thomas J. Jackhou walked from the lecture room at the Virginia Military Institute, where ho looked to pa1; the remaiml -r of hi3 life in the education of youth, took down the swoid. which, tinder the victorious folds of tli-) star and stripss, had flashed in the face of the Mexican foo, and brought it to his mother Vir? ginia Robert E. Loo, putting a-ido the proffer of supreme command of the confident and imperious invador turned to walk the path of duty and de? feat, and to achieve * fame that, blazons through ! i the world, comp Iting respect and admiration | from the bit'orr-st foe. Then a nation of Oretmon furgrd to the front,' and the meet splendid army that ever marched to 1 victory, unsullied by lpvy or conscription, stood , to arms upon their native soil. It is needless to i rehears'' tho long and des; erat'- struggle tint en- 1 sued. It ij fajmiiirto usall. Rut thii has been j stigmatized as "rebellion." ' "Rebellion ! foul dishoiiorini; word, Whose wrongful idii-ht sooR both -t?ineii The holier! cause thai tongue or sword ()!" mortals ever lout or ga'lied. How ninny ;i spirit horn to hless llrtth sunk beneath that withering name, Whom hot u day's?an hour's success Had wafted to eternal fame!'' But what manner of rebellion was thif. Rebellion by whom, aid against whom'.' Rebellion of the Creator against cre.iturt? A nation living unce; a wiitteu constitution, with ?11 the autonom}- of organized govjrLinents aud an army in the tic-Id t> defend it. may be de? feated but cannot rebel. Polaod was wiped fmm the roll of nations by the mailed baud of powor. but freedom did not die with Koseiusko. Trtasoi.! that was "to be made odious " My friend', tho cause cannot be made odious, for which a million Christian women suffered famine for four long year?, and gave up their dear ones to slaughter, while their constant prayets ascended like incense to] Almighty (rod for its sue cess, tho cause whoso exponents and exemplars were such nion as btuart, and Johnston and Jackson, and Lee, and cx-Pres>'deut Jefferson Davis. Clarum tt venerabile nomen! It is a moial and tnontal contradiction to charge that these men of unquestioned purity and alu it;, could confederate iu a lieiiicin crime. Nor do those woo make the charge believe it, and 1 waul no stronger evidence that these injurious terms are merely otnploycd as a shibboleth of hat red and vituperation thhn tho fact that when the Soutt e> u cause was overwhelmed by tiulimitod retourccs aud countless number-, and theso representative men were in the ab.-.oluto power of tho victor, he did not dare to execute them as traitors, because it would have shocked tho moral sense of the civi li/.od world, and history would have recorded the names < f tho perpetrators of tho outrago upon the I oil ot infamy and upon the same page with Car not, Marat, and Robc3pierro. I have deemed it meet and appropriate to the occasion to reiterato theso sentiments, so often ex? pressed before, in vindication of our dead com rados and in justification of tho ;urvivors>, who have no apologies or retractions to mako for the part thoy played in that bloody drama, which ii u! a continent lor a sti ge and the world lor an andisnco Bot the contest can ne?orbo revived by force of arms. Tho civil and political ques? tions inVO'Vtd were submitted to the arbitrament 1 of tho sword, with disastiotis result to us, and we aro content to let tho dt ad p?-t bury its dead, and turn our faces towards the living duties oi the present and tho future. And it is a matter o! genoral congratulation that as time wears on and the passions engendered by tho war subside into cooler judgment, ?s ocial and commercial inter ? couise between sections of the .country are culti ' va'ed nioro than ever b< furo, tho motives on either ' sido ate hotter understood and nioro goneral-y ap prccined; that the asporsions and imprecationa cast upon the t outhern people aro confined lo a i uarinwing circle of self-seeking politicians and I rabid ei.thusiasts, moat of whom are citizens ii i timo of war aud warriors in timo of peace. And > let mo say bore that it remains fur tho people ol , the North to mako thi-i a horn gonoous aim har i moiiious nation. Let us hope then that in the i near future impertinent intcrmodliug ofonosec ' tion with tho dome*tic affairs of another will f cease that all vindictive legisiatiou will be i wipjd from tho si itulo Inok until not ono indi ? viiinal wi:l r. main disfranchised?not one will i stand an alien in the land of hisbiith?not o ,c who may not. greet the emblem of his countr> ! with the fond acclaim ? 1 Forever float that standard sheet ' Where stands the lue but falls before us. With freedom's soil I.ealh our feet And freedom's banner waving o'er us! t Iw.il not further trench upon tho province of i tho gilt :d on tor and so'dier who is to succeed mo, aud who is the high priest of those coromonie-3 He will cnlargo upon this th.inio w.th his character I istic eloquence and enthusi am. But I couid not pass the shrine of my devotion without casting my votive offbiing. i I have the honor to bo tho spokesman of tho two , distinguished artists, whose combined genius has produced the work of art wo aro here to dedicate. 1 was sole, tod by them for no aptitude that I pos 9os3lor the pleasing usk assigned me, but because of my arrieut sympathy wit .i the sul j 11. and our personal friendship of many years. Although acting as their mouthpiece I shall ! take tho libeity toieferto them in torms that may shock tneir modesty, but fall far beneath i their merits. The name of John A. Elder will fall familiarly upon t lie can of many of this andiejce. Bom and reatel in tin-historic town of Frodericksbiir^, lie early evinci d that hi id of genius which in ma? ll rcr jesrs has mttdo him the great battle pain or of tho boot' When but a jonth he repaired to Doss ildorf, a that time one of the most renowned schools ofart in Europe, ai d there he bee.-me the favorite pupil and intimate friend of that eminent i artist Lcutze. Return ng to his native St t ? aftjr perfecting himself in bispr fession he shared tho fortunes of his people during the civil war, mi 1 has s ine employed his paucil to illustrate ) their valor, and to no tray tiieir leaders, and his ; iry wi I a Bociat; him with Bobert K. Lee as Davidw i'i Napo'o >n,and Stewail with Washing ton His identification with his people's cause, his participation in all their hopes and disap? pointment . suggested tho pictnie, ' App nu itto^," which adorns the library o otirSl tj tupitol. It r> presents in one typical figuie the Pouta in its ove throw?not in tho j croons of its leaders, but in one of that ' lion ired fiiu," who iu thniisands returned to their ruined homos Ui late the future with no ray from t he p.vst to Inspire or gaida them, Theiupoiing figure 'iuris aim- on a desolate fied?"o si flown, hut not destroyed," Jn the resolute face, in the firm po/oof the foot, the tense grasp of the hand, winch closes ?> ? lo weapon save hiioAit right arm, there is vigor yet. And in this image of deleat there is ah the life and pnr po -e which have restored tho overturn*-1 civiliza? tion of our country, and from the ruins of war have raised a structure of which wo arejust'y proud. This is tho idea which E dor has embo? died in this pict'irc, and by a happy accident he was in the act of modelling this subject in the clay, when tho schema wan inaugurated of erect? ing a ruoinoriul to tho Confederate dead of Alex? andria. Ho submitted his design to your commit? tee who adopted it without hesitation, and order? ed its roproduct ion in bronze and of heroic size. Boiuj l<ss of a sculptor than a painter ho called to his aid his friend, Casper Buberl. Buborl. a Buhcmian by birth, came to onr shores a poor and unknown youth, not cvon un? derstanding tko language of the. country, but con? scious of tho power within him, and imbued with that iudoiuit.'i1 Ic spirit, w hich commands recogni? tion and reward. Modest and retiring, but pa? tient and diligent, he bus at length forced aho-.d to the front lank of his profession. Apart from tho pecuniary gain, it has been his earnest desire for many years to have an cxumplo of his work within the limits of the did Dominion, and he seized this opportunity with avidity. With tho adapt ibility of genius, ho caught the motive of Fldors conccpiion and made it his own. The iciuit of this collaboration is a master? piece of tho plastic art, original in design, perfect in execution, which will bo an enduring object of pride aud admiration, not only to tho City of Alexandria, hut to the entire Commonwealth. As the youth of the present and futnro generations shall gaze upon this nob e efilgy, their bosoms will swell with emotion to reflect that it stands here to cnrnuie.morhte tho horoic. deeds of their own people, who, though they sleep in nameless graves, livo still iu our grateful memories. Oo, StTCW Ids ashes to the wind Whose heart und voice have served mankind, And i- he dead, whose glorious mind Lifts thine on high ? To live in hearts we leave behind Is not to die : And when such battle-scarred votorans as Corso and Maryc and Herbert a:.d Hooe and McKuight aud Bryant and Sorgcsnt Murray and Zimmer? man repair to this sacred spot, I seo their faces kindle with the gaudtum cerlaminitot old, their eyes ll wh, then soften, and then glisten With tho tears of affection as they road tho names inscribed upon this pedestal. Tho Sangster brothers, boys in years, but men in character and courago. Oue w? the first of his command t/i yield up his yonng life at Bull Run a w illing sacrifice Tor his native State. The other fell at Second Man s.<:ii3 iu sight of the spot wh^re his brother bad fallen. Win. T. Merrill, gentle, modestand brave, color 3ergeant of the old Seventeenth Virginia, riddied with bullets at Seven Pines, while bearing the ; Southern standard far to the tront of his line of battle. j A. J. Humphreys a model citizen and soldier, Captain of the Alexandria Riilsnicn, who foil at Wiilianiabnrg while cheering tis comrades on to victory with cunsp-.cuou? gallantry, where all Were brave. J would like to call this roll of honor throagh, W. E Gray, J-.hu F. Addison, and Samuel B.Panl, all killed in the momentons iiattlo of Seven Pinea and buried by their comrades in a captured re? doubt while the bu I sting shollsand ratt ing mas ketry made appropriate requ co for the gal la it devd, and their moi tal rema us RtiL repose in that soil, hallowed by the blood of patriot heroes: How sleep the the hrave who s'nk to rest Ky all their country's wi-'ie* hies- ! When spring with dewy fingen cold Returns to deck their hallowed mold She there ?hall dr.-*- a sweeter s?k1 Than Fancy's feet hath ever trod. By fairy bands their knell is rung. By forms unseen their dirge is sung. There Honor comes, a pilg sui gray To bless the turf that wraps their day, Ami Freedom ?lull a while repair To dwell a weeping hermit there. And now Mr. Chairman and gentlemen of the Committee, in the name and on behalf of John A. Elder and Casper Buhorl I formally tender, and consign to your charge and ke ping this work, feoling confident thit these artists have fulfilled their promiso in its execution to your outiro satis? faction. When Capt Daniel concluded his remarks, Miss Virginia Corse, daughter of G n. M. D Cor.e. drew the cotdsand the monument, which had up to this time been veiled, was exposed to view. The Monument. The unveiling was received with shouts of ap? plause and tho playing of mur-ic by tho bands. Capt 8raoot then introduced Gov Loe.who on be? half of Lee Camp received tho monument and de? livered tho oration of the day. Governor Lee spoko as follows: Mr. ChairxakI Ladies a*<i> oknti.k.me.v This great gathering of noble women and brave men tells our people in cannon tones thut though the sun went down behind the hills, and the wind behind the clouds at Appouiattox twenty four years ago the mem? ories of the men who fell with the r faces to their loe, are still enshrined in the heart,-* of tbeirliving*comrades. To day Federal und Conf< derate soldiers are citizens of one country; over their head Hies one ttag.und n com? mon destiny is revealed to l*'th, as the curtain rises on the future and exhibits to the gaze of the world 6;) 000, (liid people living in peace, and equally interested iu all thai pertains to the common glory of thu American Republic. Ceremonies by Northern organizations in honor of Ibe devotion to the union of the States by Federal sol? dier* are right und proper; and celebrations iu the South by Southern soldiers in honor of the memory of those who died in the defence of their State-, their homes and their people, should be equally recognised u-> the merited tribute to their vulor, and iu no sense inconsistent with nil the responsibilities and duties that now devolve Upon Stales und individuals with equal force. With pride In the history of the whole country, 1 nluill speak to you to-day us u citizen of one of iL? parts an Inhabitant of a Stale that sought la 1H61 to establish' With sympathetic sister States unother Confederacy on tin- (oiciuent.and in doing so I feel your heart- beat in unison with mine, when I cxclaiiu in the glowing worda of the Irish patriot: "Do you ttsk nie. My Lord-, if In my life-time, I have thought any treason or done any crime that should call to my cheek as Island atone here tho hot blush of shame, or the paleness of fear ." Though I stood by my grave to receive my death blow, before God, and man? kind, I would answer you. No I" Over one hundred and fifty-seven years ago, a child was born in Virginia, who in turn carved out with bright blade the independence of a great Republic, In an "old Held schoolhouse " with the SextOO of his parish for his Iii? t master, the lir-t faint lire* of an edu? cation began which were destined to produce a ilatue of liberty to-enlighten a world. At sixteen years of age the Ixiy's school-day- Were over. He had la-en taught reading, wri ing, arithmetic and surveying, and in that time he hud ? ritten tiny seven rule-of behavior in company ami In conversa? tion for hi* own guidance the last of which reads "Remember to keep stive iu your breast thai little spark of celestial lire?conscience." Throughout bis future glorious career that motte guided his feet and lighted his pathway until he saw with his countrymen, the star in the horizon which pointed to freedom aud the blessings it secured. Ilia martial spirit received its tirst recognition by commission from the Roy? 1 Governor Dlnwlddie Virginia, as Adjutant-General of one of the military divisions of th.lony and as early iis IT'.t. ui years of age, we Und him lighting tor nine hours against lie superior numbers of the French al Great Meadows. Ui tills historical old town but a few squares away, he met the English General Braddock, upon hi- arrival from "i>hl England," with his regiments of British reg? ular*, and joyfully accepted the position of aide-de camp upon his stall'. We can almost fancy, we can sec hint now us he rode through your city by Braddock's 'side, and over Ilm road which Still bears that General's name in tho ad? joining counties; with which so many of us are familiar, On the bloody held of the Monongahela, he was the only mounted officer who was not kiljed or wounded, though history '''11* us that four bullet* passed through his clothes and two horses were shot under him. The picture I draw at this period, is not complete, unless WO go a step farther and follow the youthful hero and point him out at 26 years of age planting the ilag ofbisKIng on tin- smoking ruins of Fort Ouquesne, (hen claimed a* a part of Virginia and afterwards called Poll I'itt. after the great .Minister of England. Mow ids youthful heart must have adored the Ilag iu defence of which his maiden sword so famously tla-Lu-, How he niii-t nave loved the fluttering folds of the re ci o-- of -U. Oeorgo which had been for so many uge, the boast of heraldry ami pride of power. Fib) li.-st commission came from the British throne, through its Royal Governor, ami he had -worn to pro? tect and defend the banner of''Old England." It was his Ilag and on that November morning of the year 1758 when hesaw it floating to the breeze of victory, we can fancy his whole being thrilled with patriotic emotion. Hut a change comes. The Ilag lie to bravely foughl for Iu bis opinion became tbe emblem of oppression, and represented iu his young In-urt British tyranny and not American freedom. Virginia calls him to bei side, and he cornea, he comes. Hi* sword must makr good the word* traced by Jefferson's pen: From ITT.", to tTsi bis allegiance was given i<> anothe ting, and iu hi* majestic might, he fought to overthrov the emblem of his youthful days. At Fort Duquesne he placed Ike French by the English Ilag. while al Vorktown he saw the French and American llags float in triumph over that historic field, where but a short time before proudly flew the ensign of i.'reat Britain. But yesterday in the greatest city of this great coun? try there was a magnificent demonstration in Centen? nial commemoration of the inauguration of the First President of tin- United states. In its grand harbor vessels were sailing under the flagsof different natiotis,aiid the French ti.ig and tin English jaek vied with the star and stripe* iu celebrat? ing this grwat historic event on one day; while on tbe next, tifty thousand troops inarched in solid column, to la- followed on -till another day by the greatest Indus? trial-parade that the world has ever seen. What a niugnillcent tribute to the glorious services of the young Colonel in the British army, and the great American Cant ui of his age. I.ong live the memory of George Washington ! A century ago the English called bun a rebel, but they recognize now that the celestial lire which Wash? ington called "conscience." wa- burning iu his breast when he turned Iiis sword against his King und fought for the liberty of Virginia and her -i-tcr colonies. And now the comparison I propose to draw , the ties of blood perhaps should prevent, but I know not how latter 1 can D lust rate what I desjre to wiy. Seventy-five year* after the birth of Washington, in tho same"county in Virginia, another child wus born, la-ing like Washington, bone of the bone, and flesh of tin- tlesh of the 'Old Dominion." lie, too, displayed u fondness for the life of tho soldier, sjidut an early age entered tho military service of his country. On every occasion with the greatest pride he upheld Its'.flag, from h love of the country whose emblem It was. Upon tie- burning sands or Old Mexico, he maintain? ed its glory, and fought with all the ability he poeaess ed, to plant the Stars aud .-stripe- upon tbe Capitol Ol the Montczuuiaa. The Hag of tho country was his banner, and tu- loved it. and rejoiced in the brilliancy of the stars in their bed of blue. But, when the bugle of his native State, like the horn of the Alpine chief summoned her ions to her -id,- to defend her, iu the exercise of a right not denied her by the Constitution of the United States u right n-served by her when she ratified that Instru? ment, ho transferred his allegiance from the flag to whose fame he had contributed at least something, and drew his sword for his native Stab) his home, ami bis own immediate iK-oplc. What a struggle, too, we know il c<r-t him. It Washington was a rels-l-.j w;i* Robert E. Ijee, in the opinion of some. The crown of success was bound lo tbe brow of one andth? chains of defeat encompassed the other, but their conscientious devotion to tie- i iosi each espoused remain the same, and neither victory nor disaster can dim one ray in tbeirrespective career ??There was in both (says a Northern republican iournalj the same wonderful balance of faculties tbe j -ame personal pride joined to exquisite consideration for | Others* the same tierce courage under outwaid calm, die same physical grandeur of proportion and dignity if hearing; tbe same blending of patrician and dem >? ?rat. And if Lee had been, like Washington, a Bu.ce*-. ul rebel, he might h*ve been called uionto Imitate lim In the establishment of the COnfedeiacy ou a per rianenl basis." . ,if. ,, i Old Alexandria claims an equal interest in tnc liie of Mth. If one lived upon one side ol her bml^ t^e rther resided about an equal distance upon t ic owe.. Your people were indeed tht-ir i 'HK their God; lor where you ?& also, To-day we meet here led. KB men who followed even to Ui jBf eouuuaiuler. <Jod grunt tin- tinir mis when the survivors of tl. between the Stuten nmy everywhere i' . . conscience which WiishitiKt guided the motives ol'tin ? er Uiey fought for th. t.iu. .,., l| . fm Kray, and even as thellugsi entwined in loving; embrace to ? Sk nown of the great Washington, so i bbc what in now a common couri BE valor and heroism of the soldier- H! either side from 1841 to! ->.. ?9? were American goldii r- iind Hz of American prowess I;. of battle bus vanished and ?i R longer heard. The earnp fires are extinguished Kar peace glistens from the brows. R here to unveil a nioniimeiil Ba different seem- w:l- present! very day twcnty-oi|;bt > i .:? H* gilded yon house tops w :tii - Bm sharp crack of a ride nt Cozenovi ? to the people of Alexandria tlm which h ui been gutherinij i to burst, and th.it tin- bieviui . 8s ants and noncombatnnts nut andria was only an out|>osi ? vance of the Federal troop* i. aBt When- i- t apt. Marye with Hut a few days ago he was silk flag from tin ladies ol I lie nS To the ehxpient add res- of your Int . ? 89 townsman, Francis I.. Smith, ? ... ner at the request ??! the ladii - me, "In a few inappropriate Arthur Herbert with the Ohl 1i, Capt, Dcvauglm with the Ml. SB dress your Alexandria Artil Kemper '. This spot w us tin here, too, wore the l.on.|.-m '. fw! Rifles, and from till-street I ('apt. Shaffer's company ir.au v. .., join their Colnrades at M in issus to return, others, to come lw< IS until after four hmg, weary, llery (3 lie later on tlutt incmorahlr dav,iui'., 85 had torn down the Southern tia? jSj House . ' was a corpse, whilel S3 hud died with it as his wind byes Uiat were said u|H>iiihai Pi father, mother, and sister, to u H oh, what ehanges were hi store i B grew into Oen. Corse, und S played heroic courage und unfa ? SB < rod, the old hero i- with us |.. .1 3 ci|>ate in this celebration in i. mj mde*; forhe loo christened Iiis |5 under Uie star-soaiiKled banner, n k ut the eall of In- Slate swi n l Confederacy. Capt. Marye i? wltb more Icks now, couuliu; aB ones, than bo stood on when In , * speech to the ladies and with H soldier for unUring courage and hi X Herbert is hen us Col. Herls i ciuiis behaviour from Hull Kim M only equalled by the <.? i. duties. And so I might :;. Includes such men its Himm i; Stuart, Perry. Snioot, ltobliis.ui w Ballcnger Powell, Fairfax, Wai Pitzuugn, StuiKster Green, .1 many others who mlthfull} ?t ? - Confederate Boldiers Ala-. - . g spirits who marched awu) u miss, we mourn, and remeinhei nt s M. Lewis,your regiinentul and hi 3 resolution and courage ? i- on fessiooal skill.'is sleeping |iecaci 5 yard Kreativ lamented by ein an.I si .;. y , W. Brent, Capt. JanicsSteuarl ? ... - \\ I recall as among th.now shscnl iunl u lion seem- to grow brighter a< ,, and services. Gallant Jack lln fought and was buried liki i of battle at Willbunsbiirg. Vndm officers, while many gullaiii pi especially culled to mind bj but a luindful of dust in tin lu'mlni In song and story and fame in - voice, "Dead, dead on the Held ni cannot forget them to-day, uoi ? ginia fail to remember them. VV< with their relatives who susi we know how dear the; imisl have .? , ? liod knows best, he was soiueUiib Soinehody s heart en-ln.t |? Somebody wafted his iiiune ahovi Morning and night on the wings ,>( |>nj SomclHtdy wept as he man Iii Looking so naudsotiie. bmvi Somebody's kiss on hi- fun hen i la} Somebody clung to his part Somebody lias watched aiid h . Yearning (<? hold him ugitin I And there he lies,the I.y,-i The child-like smiling l.j- a| n Tenderly burythc fair young ?!? id, Pausing to drop on his gravi , I, . Carve on the wooden ?labo erhi.? In . I "Somebody'sdarling In - bin Oh, the woes of war are hud 1. H the heroic mother as she bids goodbyi boy and tells hitu In (lie S|>ariaii nun hack with hi- Shield or U|M)|| it I ii. docs not i^itor tlm picture i. devoted parent i- represented bendi of her loved and lost one, and exelai veins of her heart, "I would not exchange sou fur any living one in Christel mother-only brave men could lie Is Southern soldier stood st< ody in n u shell poured upon him like torrents frwi Han eloud. and illu-trated upon ever} Hi il type.of physical courage, Your -tain it should, the private soldier of the n ? who fought, not formoney,'it na- wort food and clothing, alas they were of ipudil} ;i tity of the pi ori-t kind -who left then I asWell as the hearts of those dearesl to tin in gled through four year- because; tbev had fii CaiUW they w ere so gallantly .I.-fendin::. What did these men of Alexandria and tl ctatesin theurmy do? Did they no( t sard the tlrsl Moiuissus? Did tin y not ei laurel wreath of tame on the brow ..i Jim .1. Seven Fines, and cause the waters ol the Shi toetenially uiurniur the name und fain. Jackson? Who hurled the lines of Mel from in front of Riel.nd? Who drove r them at second Maua?a- like.iulsts hot'on gale'.' Do not yon n un iid i r Inn, -i i them stood before -7." ' FeileruLs ul - how rapidly recoiled the blue w iv< - Federals under. Burnside at Fredericks irgwl rolled agiilii-t 7-.'??' ConferlenilesT ni i cellorsville where tlie Coufederate strei and the Federals I*;.<???. w hen- fell Hie great-si commander-'' Then collies tJettyshui Oonfederates foughl U?,0 ? Ki ih ? ? - tiou, and though repiilserl, ivail<sl n hoping and cx|ieeliiiKun attack. Sh I the Wilderness campaign, when il u.? the Con led. rate strenRlh was ?! MMl commander hud I41,uu0? Dm I>-e received I l,i??i nsiiiforceiuelitn g.-. ii ihn ?Kxregaia ol all troo|?n enn , I i Cold Harbor, wbilsOso. (ii ml recrl raants, making the Sfycregate ?t tin mn ployed In Ills operaliofu rroui tin II Kiver, l'J'i,O0O. Wbal ? woudi I Kadieri of the Annv ul N nti i i \ track of taeir heroic rlain lien from tin ?ylrania to tlm lull- of Appo nattox. Held they trod with lirm#te|w ibi Iii ? towering m..rniiii.-ntal sluifls rear llieii lull} 1 r< beavan in conuuemonitlon of tlicir mun. toons treasures urn not nationally vx\tvi . seleuiu rontiug pho'e'. Tlm loving inmill. I - utnurity doas.uol spread Im ca| i graves .if Hie dead'.a tlisbum.f tli lb ii 1 states and comrades tbosoleuiii obllgal i ni?iu..rl<!s ol tbe .>n.. and Ul alloriutc lbs ot th-other. If tbey did.not win sin i terlared amid the wail nl ?-.??, wi ip| ?tainad ah'aares ol Iii? brigbteulng tho upon Iba Bald ?f c?rn ige, drying up lb? | Don sod, lihnliiig up the Wound- ..fill*, in. ill comforting tbooghl that l>y th-ir tier .t booor, courage, mi l barobnu upon each li ion plum.; Hint Ooatad lbs st,.tin ol .. I^t us seo if tbeso men of ours nieasui ! i tximpirlson with the great soldiars -f nfli hnodred and eighty yaara before tlia Idrili ? ?: Xerx-< after fair y-.ir- preparation man i iiiillinii uf inen hi d twelve hundred i,.o f ireece. In fr?nt..! tin- vast army wei themoat superb divbifOD ofinfaniry lu all \ bearing pumegrauites of solid - I ?pears. Kezt came tbe trastad Ii rsa uiauder iii-chief. A thousand.men with tin raied with apple- ofgd !, and bwli n raaabtatiraa oflorty-aix nafionalltirsi I a dedlc 111 the mountains where Ihn rllun -I 'I almost loach Ihr n-a. On 90a ?Mi was a d-d, treacberoos, bupassabls mi ra* tbe jaixged edges of tbe inonntain. It ? patfofTbennopyliK. Her- I^oal.lan of S buudred man from bis own elty, ?i I >?? from other part- of Greece, deAed Iba mi ;btj Alter the crec?on.of a tower irom wbrise tiifi \ ?m the niM of Greece slaiu, tlia attack I ' Persia and Spm t a were locked In deadly ? ml pass of Thermopyln grew atroogei by ramparis ? tbe dead bodies ol th- Persians. On Iba tbii I'lay. forgotten aad Dodetended pass In tb? taDce away, a large M\ ol Pareiaus * . ofLeonidas. Moat of tbe addiert ? I with his three biMidr-.J Spartans I eight hundred The.f.i,n-?,,.. Tl-? ;;???,!.:?;;;; rUsbonor, hurled bis small fori ? ? ? tbe Persian centre .o In- ir....i ?>-?? 1 trusted cbi-fs were W.Ing W ??;' :..?'?,.' . 1 \ \ ?pean.inen. Xarxea bioisell w < -aaliaai C two of.... . ?med?, the ^.^,',.1,., i. .?.?,- mortally ? ii Umg. 1^?^ within the psai u and the little land ?? T1,. rlll?,,vi,. ?. ? ^redbysup,.ri.-r a5Jl?<Wfc?n, was poui nntJI th- u.j owp ^ .i,|einii*i axbibltiou of.? Irt/rt .Hr, ?, "t was it war? Tur.w t. I ? T*yle" ,i ?hw' meo under tbe U-.S1 Duk. ? i.. t w"rtt-- world b.vl produced, until lilucbei i " , ?iji. ?.?"<) re?Ubireeaiouta g?>- bim tin ?elMgarfagla period ..f that battle. H is tbe bi f'rvrnud"1 tbrew ber sable ihroad upoo.de \A m I : Vanole^n decided to make one more de ; ?' ill jr '? the hue, ol Wellington andftc crown wflh rid ? ^-reiJ eagles"of France. T-n baitaboiM ?I Iba ft ?iiDenal Gu.rd wer..- ordered up and Ibrnied ... ' > i sltack. At the held ol lie. right N ?avest of the brave. In front rf the otbci D. ? and. What a grand sight it mil l have uperb b.sJy of men p?-s t.. the fronl In llieii . bakosaml blue coats face.1 will. re.|. ..v-i wni eltaware cruasetl.. How proudly tbe) - ? ibite breaches and gait-r-: Na| ? ;ence in front that be might ?iCa B* ': rboae prones. the tale of aa Empire .IWIlblad i .anted to the nery crest in front, ba m mwj loaree response fr..m arery retenui, ,i- ' r. rtme is Ux> limited lor me u go o?er tb.- ... . .