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Alexandria gazette. [volume] (Alexandria, D.C.) 1834-1974, May 24, 1889, Image 3

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85025007/1889-05-24/ed-1/seq-3/

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Been! charge. I cannot stop to tell yen that Key's
being shot under him, how splendidly lie led on f.J.t, ,
5 op tbehiU,.being Ids men and waving hi, sword.
II .. tbe robmit was rescued nod these men of Iron broke
gh the Iii.f British gun* until a voice rang out high >
a unid the diu of battle, "Up guards and al ihi-nt"' I
H .. Indeed a "grand proof of soldiery valor, but w-s t In I
rdaace with the science of war to attack an enemy
numbers and position so far away front the support of ,'
? contrade*
s n i, t ii- transfer our attention to the North Valley of '
. , plains ol Balaklara iu October, IS5t. Tin? ualleyso
,? l*-cause in it the English cavalry charged, lav in i
^am-shape with two short sides, and two long sides, I
I tbi m being rising ground; it was like a huge canal
i with the water out. Tj the Wost upon one of the
- ??? ? I.td upland called the Chersonese; to the
ip iu ih" other short tide wa<an elevated divide known
is Mount Hasford; on the most Northern of its long sides
Fidioukine heights white upon the south side was
,. way upon whose crust ran the road toSeras
!.,)? I.
ty.flveyears ago on that ever to Is- remembered 25th
0 ? ? i glitteringtaroup of horsemen ingorg.isunifdnmt
n tbeii splendid Meeds ,,,, the Chersonese heights
Ii e this quiet valley. They were Lord Raglan nod
0 il Canrobert, the English and French Couimauders,
'. il --itf ? irps. Down the bluff, at their feet, with
? :. ;: backs to them and their faces to the upper valley, lu
tinted, wan the celebrated Eugllsh cavalry division
- LonlLucan Tlie brigade on the right was what was
m a* "The Heavies'? commanded by thai splendid of
. ? General Scarlett
left; was the celebrated "Light Brigade*, command
tl of Cardigan. Each of these two brigades con
: five small regiments.
Al the upper end of this valley, on the heights, forming
, r. w< have described us the Eastern short side ol tho
parallelogram, was a Cossack battery ol U guns, supported
:. , irgi ! rce -t Russian cavalry. The two long sides
, -: to this p >int and opposite to each other, were crowned
(, Uutsiup artillery and riflemen; while ib.- corresponding
ns up a tlie long sides near the heights occupied by
1 . I. . Uli and French commanders were held by their
I . that morning the Russians had smrprited theTnrk
{?slwhoni it must be remembered in this campaign
dl - f the Eugliah and French, and had driven them
pir Hoes ob-the Southern long side, known us the
I ui-e?:n Height-," which lay to the right of the English
) as they faced them.
Vlreadyon thatdty, Scarlett with his fourth and fifth
i. :> guards, and the "Royals,'.' "Scots' Greys'' and
? ? .: ,. - hud had an encounter \vith the Russian cavalry
i retlected -Treat credit upon that brigade and it- fine
At the h .111 to which 1 direct your attention, the [Russian
?, : v were vacating th? Tuikish lines they bad been teui
iipying, md wer? moving more to the eastward,
theii supports lay. Lord Raglan from bis position on
tie- Cln rsoiiese Heights saw them hitching horse to the cap
I gnus, to carry them away. They were English guus,
: ?keii in the Turkish line, and must not !?? lost. A t
: Hewing order was sent to Luid Lucan, who ant
:. hi- horse in fi -nt of his tw? brigades ill the valley
it his feel i u dry to advance, and taku advautage ol any
c.ji| ,i I unity to recover tlie heights" (me tning those to tbe
h tlo Russians had taken iu the morning.) But
Iclayed his advance so Snug that tbe British comuiau
- ul him this order signed by Iiis Chief of Staff:
Raglanil wishes tho cavalry to advance rapidly to
t, and try to prevent the enemy carrying away tbe
I - was intrusted to that superb cavalry soldier Captain j
; ? Nolan not only the liest horsemau in the army, hut a I
el soldier in all respects. Nolan ou his beautiful horse
? ill. tin wmes ol the wind down the descent and around
. . I the cavalry, until be reined upin front of Lord
1 and saluting, presented Lord Raglan's order:
[t is Lord Raglan's desire'' said he,"that the cavalry
I lit ick Immediately.''
"Attack where?" asked Lucan. "There is your enemy,
? ere yom run-" replied Nolan, pointing over his shoul
- facing the cavalry, his back was turned towards the
I i Raglan meant, and Nolan expressed his meaning,
tlie guns to their right-front. Lucan professed to think he
is* ordered to charge the guns at the other end of tbeval
so selecting the "Light Brigade" to do it he gave that
r to Cardigan, "I obey?? -aid the proud E?rl, "but I point
nut to you tbe Russians have a battery in our front, and
latteries and riflemen on either Hank." "I know it," was
repl) of Lucan, "but Lad Raglan orders it." The
I M Brigade" was tormed in three ranks for the charge,
. ;,i-t WAS lb- thirteenth Light DragOOM, and the sup
Death "i Glory Squadrons' of theSeventeenth Lain en,
> have been called; next came the Eighth Hussar.', or
Itoval Irish" and the Fourth Dragoons, and iu the
? hue as a Huppert to the other two, Was the
i ,:? I Eleventh Hussars, some times called "The Prince
: \\ dis,'Own," or tho "Cherry I*ant*:" eveiy liian mit wa
ui i lion, and us proud a- a klug.
,: ince was sounded, and slowly at a walk move.I out
? > tu front of the line rode Cardigan, glittering iu
Id trimmed pelisse, and crimson trowsers, the uniform of
. regiment, the Eleventh Hassan.
, ijj :lu y hau? reached the point iu the valley opposite
i mseway, where the guns are being carried away?a
i . ? ... 1 to the right, a charge up the slope free from
cks and tree, and they would beamong the guns?hut
s.s Cardigan is passing the point and look- not to the hei;hth
upon I is rightsaank. Raglan from bis elevate., poaitiuii is
;when bis cavalry is going 1 Just then bo hears
itvs of the bugle floating through the air from the
, dir? Mow, and the British Army Comuiiinder rejoices, bo
... I, ibinksit means arbange of direction to the right.
\ I was not that, Cardigan had ordered the trot to
: and now the whole brigade Is moving at a rapid
mil down the valley, and,
"Into the jaws of Death,
Into the month of Hell."
Can n thing beuouel Around L>rd Raglan the staff of
r-leap iuto the saddle, ready and anxious to attempt to
? inlignii back. "Stivng, brave men burst into tears ol
I dismay," for the "Light Brigade" has -tart,-1 into
,.i ? Dentil." Stop them! Who can;' "Forward
I hi Brigade; thundered Cardigan.
"Was there a man dismayed?
"No, though the soldier knew
S an* on,- had blundered,
"Theirs n it to make reply.
"Theirs not to reason w hy;
-Their- but to do and die."
i .; J nl.-i grow- the valley, louder and louder the
ir, brighter and brighter the rules Bash, men and
tilling now?-'Steady" cries the Commander,
ickjbu the right"?"Back L-ft-ilauk"?and in the
i. : no ol shot ami stielt, riderless horses ami dying
troop, r- are everywhere seen.
rhe' Death or < iloiy S-plsdrons,"aiid the"Ijinc?rs",piickoii
? |ia to reach s-snn-r their enemy, but Cardigan, grand
that dav in all that constitutes glory of a bold leader, orders
em b:ick to we trot. Now they are within alew hundred
r th? 12 gun Cossack battery?the bugle sounds the
. .? reins are loosened, sabres flash in the air, and the
-v. r the Inttrveulng spaces-^-Hhey are charging an
while .dl the world wondered." The Poet Laureate
i , uiil, beautifully say-:
"Plunged into the battery *uioke,
"Right through the Hue they bloke:
? a Spssack and Russian
? Reeled fi oin th<. sabre-etroke
--Shattered ami mudered."
On through the black mist they go, and with a ringing
_,- bur-i upon the cavalry supports behind the hill:
?'Then they rude back, but net
"Not tin- ?ix hundred.''
Grand and glorious, was it not?
-When can their glory fade':"
- v hundred-and-seventy-three horsemen rode up that
: mi-stained valley?one hundred and tdnty-flve rode hack
t?r) was captured, but there were no tuppotts at
Pbese dauntless troo)M were surinnndisl on all sides,
. i.tbia fact became apparent,they were enveloped hi
? .11 of fire, ami forced to retreat up the corpse
>ti .. , valley. "Cest maguilhpue, mais ce n'est pas la
tt is magnificent, but it is not war, said the en
itiu-iastic Frencnuian.
So ire some of the celebrated -barge- iu the initials of
uns, were though officers blnudered, the private
ik uofsdinggtory wrote high upon tho records of_
imtry, their undying fame.
i? l iv e.<any instance which can rival not only
i>. i? I have described, l?ut w here the pri
- diets did their full duty even though tney
must have known that,
"Someone hud blundered.*'
riiermopylae, Waterloo mid Balaklava, and
in to the'red height* of Gettysburg; it is the
IS6S, two hostile armies were In parallel
' . l been fighting for two days,
vious operations hud demonstrated the fact
h it lie Northern armv was superior iu numbers, and
p isilion was iicting on interior lilies and hut both flanks
I and proti-cu-il as almost lo be impregnable,
? im" eider of the Southern army could do one
1 igs retreat or attack. It i* too late now to
P irouud either Aauk of the army In his front, or to
si i'i oi them with a probability ofsutcceas, so a
?t of the Cemetery-ridge was selected,
ere was S slight depression over which a road
rails flu Southern wedge must Ik- driven in. and
'? j tgh tlie federal left centre these.
the fedenil army could la* cut in two ami the sep
ir*overwhelmed in detail, the battle would
" I and the victorious army might march to a
i Baltimore and Philadelphia involving
results, the fall of Washington and Bulti
? retltd>>rcements from .Maryland, it
? '- i splendid conception, Napoleonic In it* audacity
nhy of the genius of the old nui-iers of war.
was within a stone's throw of peace at
says a writer. This battle turned the
? it was practically lo*t to tlie CoufisJer
('',' '?' ? i;-. I h, waters of Southern success hail reach
itetf mark ami from thai time continued
V" until lost in the sea of eternity.
1 -fin '. A. I'. Hill and Ewell were the
uiders at Gettysburg. To the first uamexl
tted tlw assault. Col. Taylor, lien. Ia-e's
'? i a-well as Cols. Veliable and Long
same sta?f are on ress-rd assaying that they
*!' - inned by Lee for tongstrcet to assault
corps, to belsnppoTted by half of a. 1".
"'|,rps tlmt being the next in line to his left and
Mela report says that he was ordered to
?I his corps aaa "support to Longstreet's
ol assault, tl was the armv commauder's
on to l.-.iv.. to the chief of his first cori>s the tacti
ttaek, but whether the advance wa*
? a company, then a regiment to be fol
i - ides ai d divisions, it was clearly hi- pur
" 1 h .le i-orii* should support the advance
ced bj half of tlie next corps; aye. if neoes
!!" ?hol,- army. He did not specify by
divlsioiet to assault. Such matters of de
? .U to sulK.rdinate coinuiamlers. As
ol attack was organized, then: wa* uo more
. ?""rilitig success U'sii> its brave banners than
?" huinlred Spartans could kill Persian* by
or .1? hundred hor-wmen rldeover tbe ran..
, " "?'! I the wines Of the French eagk-s of the
; Nspoleon could rklorioosly Sap over the
r-Welliugton. Examine the formation of the j
T^'o brigades of PicketPs division,
;. >_ ? -ml Garnctt's, wl-h Hcth's division un.ler
r?Mte i ? T i':at':<1 the I'pitt line. Annistoad's
V '-*ctl - division waain these?s>ml line as
I ol La-..taud Scales under General
xk ir ishiiid t*ettigrew'a right. Wilcox's
;: ?*, r **?Pmeed on Ute extrem.- right of the line and
irgvd With the duty ot protecting the
.. - ?and of the column mm, attack. He
? -'s. much to the right and did not tpartidpate
_ ia.ge So :t appears there were live brigudes
siipis.rted by ihr.*- brigades
il/,., ?rrGen' Hdr-ett'a brigade, under our
I tii'iclio'i Ti f**'- was left in Virginia at Hanover
-' - . .'?, ilV"""r '"-Kwd.-. present numbered about
I- ? ,\ X ' ,? . Uj !'ri>-"-v-e had suffered much on the
I - blynumber"-J with the two brie-ades in their
L .Mi', ,, Vvc:' ^ ?isk? thousand m .... ' This would
V-.?.. trie atuJuuj force at thi surt il.ul. over twelve
t ind, but tbe distance was so for and the ground so
, e.1 . the artillery fire in^front and on both tlauks so terrible
I thai hy the time these devoted troops doc within musket
raiiy . their numbers had greatly decre: s:d.
1 A l: mendous cannonade preceded this movement which
I exhausted the ammunition of the Confederates, a fact which
I Gen. Lee snys he did not know when the assault took place.
The Federals replied for u time, but divining the fircjof (he
; artillery was the prelude to an infantry charge, wisely ce isi !
firing and rcscr\o.l further shots fur the attacking column.
I The troops were now ordered forward and the steel-tipped
lines of gray fx-gan their march over the plain of death and
up to heights of destruction. How grandly these veterans
w ent down the slope and how magnificently and with what
steadiness they advanced up line while both armies watchid
and wondered. This small force was charging, too.intothc I
"jaws of Death" and into the ' mouth of hell." Round i
shot and shell, case shot and canister rained upon them : s
the whole line ot Cemetery Ridge hurst into a fiery flume.
As men fail, the lines are closed and these matchless men
continue their wild charge. Hancock's corps is in their
front, Meade's headquarters are just behind his position.
It looks as if the left centre of the Federal army would 1?
pierced, hut if so could it beheld? Standards' Vermon
lers arc now pouring a galling fire into the right line held
by' Kemper. 'I hrce regiments of Pennsylvania troops
which manned the wall in front arc rolled up and rolled
away by the impetus of the fierce attack. Brave old Arni
istead who has been leading his portion of tbe line with his
on the point of his sw ord, so that amid the dense Smoke his hat
men might follow him as the men followed the white plume
of Navaire so many ye^rs ago. has leaped the wall and is in
among (he guns and gunners of Cushinj's battery. There
tins brave hero is killed and Cushing falls almost simulta?
neously by his side. Gallant Gnrnett is killed, w hile cour?
ageous Kemper is severely wounded and suffers to-day from
the wound. Men of five brigade- have broken through the first
redend line and hurling themselves on the second. Alas!
their small numbers are known and they are hemmed in on
three -ides, for Hancock and Gibbons are rushing up fresh
I troops. The death storm swept over them, and all is lost
sax e honor. Tin-, too, was a grand and glorious proof of
human valor. This too was magnificent, hut was tliis, too
war? What good could Lconidas expect by the sacrifice of
In-band of heroes, and why should Napoleon grow desper?
ate and march h s Old Guard to death and destruction ?
W hy, Lord I -ncan, did von misunderstand your orders and
plunge your six hundred in ihejvalley of death, and why
was this small force sent some tnousaod yards away from
their comrades and friends, and supports 7 Where was
McLaws' division and where was Hood's headed by his
splendid Texans? What does Gen. Lee mean when he re?
plies to a trusted staff officer who told him the assault Was
not made as he intended, by saying, ?'! know it, I know it,''
and what was he thinking ol when he told Profes-or White
of Washington and Lee University, "Had I had Stonewall
Jackson at Gettysburg-, 1 would have won a great victory."
Oh, no, military critics, the Confederate commander did
not lose his head or that equiiioisc which so characterized
him. His plans were well conceived, the execution defective.
And now it only remains for me to accept in behalf of the
Ixre Camp, this superb representation of the private
soldier- ofthe Southern army, the creation of the genius of
our own Elder supplemented by the skill of Hubert. May it
everstand in lasting attestation that they deserved the words
of their commander inscribed on the face of its pedestal,
"They died in the consciousness of duty faithfully per?
Alexandria will guard this statue with sacred care. I
know I voice the sentiment of her people whenever they
visit the graves of their dead soldiers, when 1 ?ay with the
Re-t ni embalmed and sainted dead.
Dear m the blood ye g?vo.
No lmpi.au (botste|rl here Shall tr . a I
The berbiage of your grave.
Nor shall your glory be forgot
While tame bor record keeps,
And honor points tbe hallowed spot
Where valor proudly sleeps.
Yon figure of bronze on voiceful slono
In deathless song -hall tell.
When many s rautahlog year hui Qowu
The story how he fell.
Nor wreck, nor.cbange,nor winter*'Migt,
N..r time's remorseless d.suii
Shall dim one ray of holy light
That gilds your glorious tomb.
When Gov. Lee concluded his spiech ea'ls were
made for (r-n.J. F. J ihuaton. flan. Johnston
.responded in a few words, sayiii? he oily widied
to toll his hearers that he was the friend of the
t to men in war in whom the people of Alexan?
dria worn moit intore'tod?Gen Robert E. Lea
and his brother, fapt.S. 8. Ler, tho Governor's
At tho conclusion of General Johnstxn's r -
marks a b-nediction waa pronounced by Rev.
Kit.loch Nelson, and tho assemblage dispersed
After tbe ceremonies the speakers and distin?
guished visitors were escorted to t*-o Braddock
House whore a handsorno banquet hud provided by
Lee ('atop.
1 ho citizens' committee took ehargo of tho visit?
ing organizations and escorted thorn to the City
Hall whore a bountiful banquet was spread.
Gen. M. D. Corse.
The movement towards orccting amonuiuent to
the Co'ifodorato dosd of Alexandria city, asm mod
-hupe at the regular mooting of K. ?. Loo Camp on
the following recommendation of tho Committee
to whom the matter was referred.
Alexandria, April 15,3 883.
1st. Your committee recommend tho following:
That theCamp tako immediate steps to secure funds
to oroet a monument to tho "Confederate Dead."
?J.i. That a permanent committee of flvo be ap?
pointed by the Camp to bo kuown as tho "Commit?
tee on Con fed erat o Monument," said committeo
to bavo ontiro control of said object, and to be em.
powered to appoint sub-committees to assist them
in their duties.
3d. That, when in the judgmont of tho Camp a
snllieiont amount of money is secured, tho Camp
will decide the design of tho monument tobe
- fcigued. W. A. Fmoot,
K. M. Latham
The report was unanimously adopted and the
following committ?e was appointed : W. A. Smool,
Ed<ar Wartiold, John ?. Zimmerman, R. M.
Latham, Theo. Chide.
Stops were at once taken to raise fouds, and tho
lad Us of Alexandiia promptly came to tho aid of
Lee Camp. A bazar was held, lectures given, and
money generously donated, and through the ef?
forts of the C*mp and tho ladies the nocessary
amount of money was secured.
At tho meo: ieg of tho Camp, September last, the
committee made a report recommending for adop?
tion the planssubmittod by Mr. John A. Elder, of
Richmond, Va., at a cost of $3,500. The report
was unanimously adopted.
Tht> main feature of the monument is an heroic
sized figure in bronzo taken from Mr. Eldei'swell
known painting "Appomattox,' now tho property
of thofctateof Virginia. It represents a Confed?
erate soldier as if viewing the fi-Id of strife after
tho surrender. Ho stands, dressed in tho old
familiar uniform of tho Confederate private, with
folded arms, and hoad bowed forward as if in deep
contemplation over tbe scenes, privation and hard
fought battles through which he had passed, all
for a principlo which he deemed sacred and right?
eous, and yet all apparently for naught. The idea
is t striking one aud at once impresses every be
holilor as most fitly and feeling'y tellirg at a
glance the wholo story of tho gallantry, glory and
heroism of the S:mtb, It is, in a word.the complete
history;of the lost cause graphically presented to
posterity by a single figure.
The statute is erected upon an appropriate
pedestal and the entire monument is a rectangular
pyramid twenty feotin height, the pedestal twelve
feet and tho figure proper eight foet.
It stands not only a beautiful work of art, but
an edurator of future generations in tbe histoiy of
the struggle made by the Souih for her rights aud
The design, though not universally appro rod, is
thought by many to be most appropriate The
statute was executed by Mr. Casper Boberl, of
New York and Gen. Jackson, of Georgia, to whom
a photograph of the figure was sent, wrote : "It is
j tbe most perfect impersonation by art of tho spirit
! of the Confederate cause that I have ever seen."
.Of it the Bichmond State says: "A statute in
'bronze of the Confederate soldier?a statue of
heroic size?not the soldier who led brigades and
; divisions and corps, aud svhose reward has been
the glory of renown, but the private soldier whose
' name is unknown, whose simple headstone is un
; marked, but who iu his sphere performed his task
with all his strength and filled the measure of his
duty as full as the greater measure of any general.
It is fit that he who drew down the curtains of
his studio and laid aside palette and brush to fall
into ranks with musket iu hand and to forget the
dreams of art in the stern realities of war should,
with his skillful touch, guided by the power of
sympathy and devotion, mould a likeness of the
men with whom he fought and who sleep the sleep
. of the brave in unnamed mounds."
I Th* fr.-?t>t (n-s-uj'h =iic ? of tho perlest?! bears
the following iDscript;on:
Erected to the memon
of tbe
Confederate Dead
of Alexandria, Va.. by
their surviving comrades
May 2f,a3S9.
On the West eido in de fp 1 iwing list of n;irnc3
of the .Seventeenth Virginia Inf mtry :
! Company A.?Copt A. J. HumpVrcys SergU Addison
Saunders. Sergt. Wm. T. Storni] Corporal .1 11. I.
! Seutgster Prank Abbott E. V. I" irfox Robert II.
! Green. Eprrriam II irtley, Hugh s. Hitc. L. L Hutchi?
son, & Conrad Johnson, Daniel M. Lee. Sanieel M.
Bfurran, T. A. ParUow, Thomas R. Songster, John N.
Company E.?Sergt James A Proctor, Corporal W.
M. Har|>er. Corporal James E. Molnlr, Corporal George
T. Wartield, John Allison, Joseph Bushby, Joseph
Oalmes Jolui T. Cook B. F. Emerson, John Green?
wood, IT. Kidwell, W. T. Padgett, Joseph Penn, A. I".
Skidmore. Joseph Williams. Albert Woolls.
Company O?Lieut. W. E. Gray, Lieut. S.roucl B.
Paul. Lieut. John F. Addison >ir-.;i. James W.Ivor,
Corporal p. Doyle, Daniel Dohoncy, P. Harrington,
John Horrigan, James Keating, .lohn Murphy Will am
Company IL?Lieut Thomas V. Fitzhugh Sergt.
Wm. n. Hoyer Sergt W. A. Lovelace Corporal !"..<;.
Buibour Corporal .lames E Grimes. Corporal W It.
ll.Sunth Jonah W. Baldwin, Franklin Ballengor ('.
J'. Ballengcr K S. ?encham, lt. K. Buchanan. Charles
It. Burgess W. A. Custlemun, Haydcn Fcwcll, Wm. .1. j
Hlgdon,P. Lannon.W. II. Ltint, D. McDcnnont, John
T. Mills, John s. Murray, B. F. Padgett, Wm. Terrell, j
Monroe II. Whitti-gton.
Company [.--Sergt. John s. Hart, Adam Gousher,
John Sleinmcr.
On the East side is tho followine :
Alexandria Artillery.- K,hvard ( aim.-. Ed. Frank
Elliott, Patrick Foster, James Gret IllWood, Wm. Ilanl
ing. Thomas Muridiy. Iticbard i Iwens, Tin.-, a. t'cttey,
Robert Posey.
Col. Llwellen Powell, C. s.a. Artillery; Lieut. Col.
8. W. Presstman, Engineer Corp-: Lieut. C 1. W.F.
Le?, Major Johnston de Lagnul, Artillery P. A D.S.;
Lieut. Hurry While, Lieut. Benj. King. 13th Louisiana
lnfuntry; Lieut. Arthur .I. Arnold Co. P, Fifth Virginia
Infantry. Stonewall Brigudc; Sergt. Wm. Crai? l'age,
Co. B, Second Maryland Infantry; Eugene Webster,
Engineer Corps; Randolph Fairfax, Itockbridgc Bat?
tery; Heath J. Brent, Slriblbig's Battery; Wilson Tur?
ner, Horse Artillery; Thomas B. Turner Horse Artil
lerv: Peter Crane, Co. IL fourth Virginia Cavalry;
Roberl K. Crosen, Co. IL Fourth Virginia Cnvnlry;
Mont Brent, Co. A, Sixth Virginia Cavalry: ehurlesL
Powell, jr., p'rederiek-hiirg Artillery: James Fonrd,
-Artillery; Lloyd Powell,Cj. P, Second Vir?
ginia, Stonewall Brigade.
On tho fourth or North side) is the following
"They died in the consciousness of duty faithfully
Edgar Warfield, Adjutant of Loo Camp.
Leo Camp was organized in this city on July 7,
1884, with Capt. 1*. ?. Hooq commander aud a
membership of ?*!?>.
Tho Camp has steadily grown in numbers and
now has upon its roll- tit) names, embraced nmong
which are many of Alexandria's most prominent
citizens and business men. Tho oillcors elected at
the annual meeting in April were: W. A. Stnoot,
Commander; J. R Zimmerman, First Lieutonant
Commander; Thomas Potry, Second Lirutcnant
Commander; Edmund Berkeley,Third Lieutenant
Commander; Edgar Warfield Adjutant; R. M.
Latham, Qaertorraastor; Chaplain, 0. H.Norton;
Surgeon ul. C. Powell; Color Bearer, Frank J.
Power; Bugler, -I ('. Rmith Tr? usurer, J-'. Enox;
Olli-.'er of tho Day. <i. Du flay; Vi d otto, P.F.
Gorman; Executive Committee, c*.B.Hooo, Qco.
Wi-e, and Thomas W. W lilo.
The object of the Camp to porpotuate tho
memories of their fallen c< mrades, and to minister,
as far r>s practicabl ?. to tho .v .?ts of those who
were permaueutly ilisOiled in tho service, to pro
serve and maintain that sentiment of fraternity
born ol bard hips an.I dang irs shared in the march,
tho luv uac and the battlefield, it is pi >p .-i d not
to proloiu the animosities engendered b r tho war,
hut to extend to their late adversaries, nu ovory
fitting occasion, eourteslos which aro always pro?
per bet ween Boldiers.asd which in their case a com?
mon citi'zanship demands at t. eir bawls. Thoy
propose to avoid everything which partakes of
partiMDshipi in religion and politics, but at tbe
ssmo time t ljey will lend their aid 11 tho m.iinte
nance of law and the preservation of order.
The f-iilowtrg aro the committees w ho planned
tho arrangements and so s nc osslully carried them
to completion
Lee Camp?C inimittce of Arrangements: W. A.
Smoot, M. 1). Corse, A. Herbert. Edmund Berko*
ley, P.B.H000,Theo.Chase, ?.M. Latham. P. J
Power, C J. Wise, G. N. Du Hoy. and E. Wai lield.
Tho Jcint Committee of Citizens: Juliuu W.
Holt, Txos. J.Patterson, Goo'.S.Smitb, M.Schu or,
J. M. Hill, Jno. Donnelly, E E. Downham, R. T.
Lucas, M. B. Hsrlow, B P. Price, J. Carl in Creigh
ton. I. M. Kell, J. Frank Carl in ai d EL M. Latham.
Committee on Refreshments and Entertain?
ment: Jno. Donnelly, R. T. Lucas, M.Schnler,
Wm Rogers, Qeo. B. Doeton, Goo. A. Appich and
R. If. Latham.
(Committee 011 Invitation: E. E. Downham?
Alexandria Light Infantry, Capt. Geo. a. Mush
bach ; Columbia Fire Co.,A.T. Kam a; ; 17ydraub
ion Fire Co.. B. B Smith; Rolii f Hook and Ladder
Co , R#M. Latham ; Friendship Fire Co., James
Javius; St. John's Cadets, Capt. Win, F. Came, jr.;
?. R. K. of P.. Capt. Samuel L. Monroe; Osceola
Tribo of Red Men, R. T. Lucas.
It is said that Mr. Elder, wbon he painted
"Apporaattox," from which the statue erect
ed to-day was designed, took tbe Lead of
Mr. Raleigh T. Daniel for the model.
This morn ins; Lee Camp marched to the
residence of Adjutant Warfield, where they
received tbe handsome lint: recently present
ed to them by the ladies of the city.
Mr. J. R. Smoot has pent his wife, who is
visiting Mrs. C. C. Hmoot, n bnske! < f Q >w
era from the battle field of Cedar Moantain,
with directions to have them placed upoo
the monnmont. She hfts nn nbundan! sup?
ply and will present those callia;? up in her
with small bunches as mementoes.
Clinton Hatcher Camp, of I^esburfr, wa?
officered as follows: Htirline Murray, 2 id
Lt. Cammander ; W. B. Lynch, 1 1/ Com
mender; John Gray, Adjutant; W. W.
Atbey, Quartermaster: L. M. ishomale.
Officer of the Day; Herbort 0 bnrn, Treas?
urer; J. H. Alexander, Sergeant. M?j ir; J
F. Brawner, Vidette; M. M Rodeffer; Coioi;
Sergeant; A. J. Smdor. 2d Color Guard.
Tbey had between 75 to SO men in line.
The banquet at the Brndilock House Wfts
bsndsomeiy served, the proprietor of thai
be tel sparing no pains.
Tbe northeast wine of the market
building In which tho Banquet, to the
vieiting organizations was served was pret.
tily decorated and completely mctapho^e 1
by the committee on entertainment. A
bountiful banquet was 6erved there which
was enjoyed by all the visitors.
The decorations along the line of march
were all pretty and in many inK'tinces very
elaborate, Confederate and United statin
flags were seen entwined on several build?
Col. Del. Kemper, brother of ex Msyor
Kemper, and commander rf che battery
tbat went out of th s city at the beginning
of the war, was amorjg the guesr. in th- city
The grand stand was crowded with the
lady friends o Lee Camp, o ily a 6mr.U
apace being retained for the speakers and
distinguished visitors. Amoog the latter
were Mrs. Qov. Lee, Mrs. G. E. Picket f.,
Senator Butler, of South Carolina, Senator
Barbour, Col. M. Marye and others.
Pickett-Buchanan Camp, of Norfolk, did
not reach here in time for the parade, the
steamer on which they arrived having been
delayed by a ?torm on the bay last night.
Mr. John A. Elder, the artist, of Rich?
mond, was prevented from being present by
'sickness. Mr?. J.E.B Stuart, Miss Mildred
j Lee, Gen. W.H. F. Lee and others were also
unavoidably absent.
L e Camp carried the camp flag and the
i battle 11 tg of the old Seventeenth Virginia
raiment and Muury Camp tarried the bat
t'e 11 ig of the old Thirtieth regiment. The
Maryland veterans a.so carried a Confeder?
ate buttle fl-lg.
The ceremonies of the day will conclude
t -night with a pyrotechnic display around
the monument.
For this soction warmer, fair weather, followod
by showeis Saturday, southwesterly winds.
Tek Election.?Toe election yesterday
reunited in a complete demccralic victory,
every candidate nominated in the primary
election having been elected. There ij now
in the City Council but one member elect?
ed by republicans, be holding over, having
been ekcted two years ago a member of the
Aldermen for a term of four years. Anoth?
er Alderman (who also holds over) is a re?
publican, but be was nominated and elect?
ed by democrats. There was not as much
apparent interest manifested in the e'ec ion
a1 on former occasions, the arrmg?roeuis for
the unveiling of the monument having ab?
sorbed so much attention, but from the vole
cast is will be sean that the democratic par?
ty was by nn means apathetic. The follow?
ing is the official vote:
Offices and I I
candidates. Latwd 2d wd 3d wd UhwdlTotal.
E. E.Dowuham 2ft7 29ft 58-1 30!) ; 141ft
Wm, A.Moore' 222] 138 44b 358; 11UU
Auditor :
i E. F. Price.; 3IS 301 ?fjj 3G5 1580
j lbrtiulr Fiihor... 164 132 437 306 1039
I Corp. Atty.
S. (i. Brent.; 301 310 ftsd. 360 L55?
i Col. N. Dist.
P. F. Gorman...I 35ft
1 James P. Lash. i 133
Cd S. Diat. i
iA.F. Ccx. 317
cam'l. Pulman 164
Supt. Gas.
J.Boxbnry. 293
John E. Norm' 18Si
Clerk (las
R.T.Cook. 321 -'515, (533 3 70 1 64 2
316' 385, 294 91?
319 609 3S1 1003
113 414 287; 947
3ll<p>&2 355 lijf7ft
123 A134 310 1031
263 548! 3G7!1171
152 464 2!>7 1101
250 4!>8 27ft. 1312
162 52ft 397'1285
Jl. 11. ffsrper... 155
Sunt. Pol.co I
W. B. L\>bio.....| 283
Jos IV Hrown.. 201
(' ei k Markot '
J.W.Simpson. 316' 296 586 366 1564
.1 W lien.Itrh'i 171 127 111 3of> KM!
Mess. Lnmbi-r
J. L. Adams ... 3.11 30 f!?0 364 1555
>. Swaie . 308 2!l!) ..(>] ?02. Ift30
ThoYnaattceutJ 355j 12:: 442 298 1018
G. W Swain.... 180| 120 421 300 1021
Mcas.Woud ami
W. Makeley.' 317 314 580 362 1573
C. 0. Pulunn.J 361! 123 441 288 1013
Tho total vote was 2,664, as fol.iws: First
watd 495, Second 139. Third 1,052, Fourth G78.
First Ward : [Aide;man, Burke 262,
Gr?vt? 207
Counc?, W. 0. Moore 2GS, Snowden 213,
Aitcheson 280. 0. Moore 283, Bncgett 190,
Germonrl ISO, D*nn 18 ft, Rogers 184. Mag
is! ntte, Hamlll 297.
Second Ward : Alderman, Goodrich 292,
DePntron 128. Council, Balleneer 292,
Jone* 282, Marbury 2S0, F.sber 27S, Lucas
164, VBDAukon 1-41, Teoneaon 122 Magis?
trate, Beach 303.
Third vvnrrl: Aldprmen. Bryant 534, Hiti
kin 571, Broilers 451, R*ed 3S6. Council,
Harrison ?74 ?moot 630, S rider 547, Caton
532, Fol"/. 447, J. P. Steiuer 481, Gregory
432, Wartield 36S Magictrate.Lovf joy 549,
Sienhenson 448
Fourth ward: Alderman, rhompson 31S,
B-iycc 300, Rrhinsoti 4-1 Council, Smont,
ft07, Sweetie; 3-1S, MoCuen 499. Uhler 394,
KeHev 247, Hugbee 311, Whi'ing 83. F*n
noo 251. Magistrate, Nallta 436, Bailey 63,
Alexandria cotioiv elected Frmik Hume,
dem., ami F. S. Corbett ami-Green,
(co'orod) repfi , t npervi-orF.
FpirJax county, so far u' heard, els cted
four republicans and two democrat-'.
Hetndon eleoled a democratic town roun
eil. i
Personal.?Rev. George Sommerville
formerly of this city has resigned the assis?
tant rectorship of Grace Episcopal church
Petersburg, and leaves in a few days for
Europe, whete he will spend amen hor
more and will ihen return home.
Por.lCR Rbpokt.?Last night waj cool
and clour with fourteen prisoners and one
lodcer at th? hi til ion bouse.
The Mayor deposed of a number of unim?
portant cases this morning, imposing lines
atttl continuing a number of others.
Wm. Nnell, a native of Westmoreland,
died at bis borne in Washington, yesterday.
Mr. W. B. Dobie, Superintendent of Police,
hail his watch stobsu to-day while listening
io (be speaking ot the unveiling of the rnonu
Messr?. J. K. M. Norton Rud C C Carlin
yprterdsy sold five lota on Washington
street, between Madison and Montgomery,
for $1 500.
A row between some colored men and women in
tlm eastern part of the city last night which
canned some oieitemcnt. Tho point- broko in
the house and arre-ted the disoroorly porsons.
The agents of the Phonograph Grupbo
pbone franchise will, on Sal unlay, at tho
office of Mr. George A. Mush bach, give ex?
hibitions of these ioslruments, with th>
view of securing subscription* for slock in a
local company.
Virginia Elections.
In the State elections yesterday Ports?
mouth elected all democrats except, threo
councilmen. The democrats in Lynchburg
runde a e'enn sweep. In Roanoke the vote
resulted in the defeat of the two colored
candidates for the city council and the elec
tion of two conocllmpn and one maei-drale
noniinuteiJ by the CitizanM' Reform As-ocia
tion. I' was not a parry fisjbt except by the
eoloreil men. In Leet-burg the entiredemo
cmtic ticket wbs elected.
Warrenton elected ell democrats. Fa i
Church went republican though the cundi
dates were chosen without regard to politic .
ceived at 328 King street, for sale wholesale
^slplf?'1 by J. T. CBEIGHTON St SON.
Sold by all druggists and grocers_mh31
to any plasters made, and at much lower
prices. Sold by
1 fcb20_E. 8 LEADBKATEB & BRO.
nature's nerve tonic and brain food, in bot?
tles, at $1 each, just received by
feb20_E. S. LEADS EATER & BRO.
to use. and very effective as a moth destroy?
er. For sile by E. L. ALLEN,
ap23 Corner King and Pitt streets.
ON the aic-mine of May Hi h, 1SG1 the
Alexandria comingrot of the Confederate
army msrohed out of thi; city for the South,
as an overwhelming federal force march od
in from the North. O.i thi?, tho 28Lh unni
versary of tout day, tboae of that contingent
who returned rc-a armblcd here to perpetu?
ate in hror za the memory of those who did
uot come back, but who feil in the glorious
but unsuccessful cause of constitutional lib?
erty. And right well did they do it. The
monument is au excellent one, and was
presented Rod received with appropriate
speeches. The decorations were handsome,
tho procession attractive, and the crowd
large and sympathetic. If it be that the
dead take cognizance of the affairs of the
world they have le't, the Alexandrians who
feil in the Confederate r.iuse know that
though gone, they are not forgotten at their
old hcmr>, and must bp gratified at the evi?
dences of Btfoction for them manifested in
Alexandria to-day.
Now that a new city council has been
elected, it is earnestly hoped that the mem?
bers thereof will do their best to discover
some way by which the existing tax rate
can ho reduced. N .thing is more injurious
to a city than hifih taxes, as such taxes are
an t tl'ectua! dnmpsr to building operations
either for income or homo purposes. Pru
dent men will not build houses to rent where
the taxes, insurauco and repairs thereon
leave a smaller net income than the money
invested therein would bring if lent at three
p?r cent ; nor will such men build houses in
which to live if they can rent others built
by somebody else fjr less money than the
taxes, im-uranco and repairs on those built
by themselves would amount to. One of
the best means by which to promote the
growth of a city is to have it3 taxes so low
that the natural desire of its citizens to own
their own homts can be gratified at the
smallest possible expense.
The DEMOCRATS at Alexttidria.at themu
nie pal election yesterday, did themselves
great, credit by electing every single man on
their ticket. That they should have done
so j;oph wiihotit saying, because their ticket
was infinitely tbe better of the two, but that
they (it:*; do bo ia, nevertheless, a ruitterof
groat congratulation, not. on'y for the ad
Vantage gained, but for tho hope It inspires
of fiituro gains. Tho npxt City Council, In
both branches, will contain only two repub?
licans, Aidermru M< Ketzin and Agnew.
Should the democrats in it do their part
well, Lite next o;.o will contain none.
;-!?? ? Correspondenceot the A!era. Cazkttb]
Washington, D. C. May 21, 1889.
W. L. Muilins wee appointed postmneter
%? Ava, Dickinson county, Va., vice Jumes
W. Syke, reslgued, and Ellen Ferrell, at
Claremont, Surrj county, vice Jas. H. Ses
sions, removed.
Quite a number of the Virginia republi
cans now here, seeking oflice, went over to
Alexandria to day to witness the unveiling
of the Confederate statue there. Strange as
it may sorm al! of them were ex Confeder?
Ex Con^rr: rtniin I'.rady, of Virginia, one
of the signers of the call forameeting of the
"kickers" on the 20 b inst., is hero to day.
The President in a recent interview with
a Virginian said ha v.as deposed to tbink
that tho '"kickers" bed 'ittl.imore than their
own individual strength and had no tricking.
He said tin;' even ihosn from fbo Norfolk
district would till him of thojr great
strength, but that when he asked Mr. Bow
den, who was elected to Congress from that
district by a large majority-, and other relia?
ble gentlrmf-n from the same district, they
made it plain to him that what the kickers
said couid not bo true.
General Mahor.o was quite sick yesterday,
too sick to receive visitors, so that nothing
thac he ha? recently said or done trnnsp red
to day at tho botols and other places wocte
his friends congregate.
Basinesp, financially and commercially, is very
qniot, and tho repot ts from other places show a
similar state ot affairs.
Nrnw York, May 24,?Tho activity and strongth
in tho stork market continued undiminlshed this
morning ar.d tho opening was nude on a largo
business and with first prices from 'H to"* per
cent. higher than last evening's closing figures.
At 11 o'clock tho market was still active and
rather unsettled and generally at s'ight fractions
abjve the opening prices. Money l*fjn2.
AxEXANOKra Markst. May 21.? Thoro was
no meeting of 'Chance, to-day. The msrket is
quiet and unchanged.
Rai.TiMORK, May 24.?Cotton f?ir!y active
ar.d firm. Floor active and M"ady. Wheat?
Soutbern active and li m; Western quiet and
firm. Corn?Southern firm forwb to and easy for
yellow; Western dnll h-ir Grm. Oats lirm for
choice ?ml ttcidy for otbc i Kye mo loraloly ac?
tive. Hiy heavy, Fr -visions dull.
CnrcAfio, M:;y'.M?11 a ni.?Tho .Inly option
is n<iw quoted as follows; Wheat 77*771 _;
for.. ::(',. i',;iKi''.!Jl1 .!."-; Pork $11 97%
Lard $0 80; short ribs $5 85.
Nkw York, May 21 ?Co!ton firm; npland'
11%; Or!cui* 11%; futures quiet and firm.
Flour quiet and Bleady. Wheat quiet and firm.
Com quid and sr-a.ly. Pork qalet and strong
?t. $13 26*13 50. Lard dull and firmer at
$7 07'*.a7 10.
Tho fiichmood. Lvnchhnrg and Fridoricksburg
m irkets are very q Let, an! quo ntions are with?
out cbanj o since last report.
Baltimoer Cattle Market. May 23.?Prices
of Beef,Cattle this week tanged aa follows:
Best.*4 37J<ja4 fiO
Generally rated" firstquality. 4 Of) a 4 25
Medium or good fair quality. 3 M? a 3 87^
Ordinary thin Steers, Oxen and
Cows.".. 2 00 a 3 '_'5
Total receipts this week 971. Total aaiea 550.
The market f..r Be3VM is a little slrrntfcr, with
values a shade higher. The quality is hettcr and
prices proportionally higher.
faheep and Lambs?Thero is a fair trade report?
ed. Common Sheep arc not wanted aod are dim
cult of asle. Prioei range from 1V-V' for com?
mon Mitep. and 3^1'^: per lb for fur to good
do. LaruL-s sell it '? '4*7? ."er ?rosa
Nkw York Cattle Mabkkt. May 23.?Beeves
strong at former pri. --s. Calves in fair demaud,
tHthagood trade, f-beep and Latnba firm. If ogs
?4 50*5 per loo lbn.
Chioa?o Cattle Makkf.t. May 23.?Cattle
market weaker. Hogs 10c lower. Sheep aod
Lambs stroug.
PHTLADKLPHIA, May 23.?Sheep and Lam!>3 in
fair demand. Hogs steady. Cows quiet.
The Cronin Murder Mystery.
Chicago, May 24?Wn>. B. Hotcikiss, a
reporter for ihv Tnter Ocean, did a little
police work last night on hi? own Recount.
The result may be (he. disclosure that
another person besides Cronin was mur?
dered. Hotchkiss found that the suburban
police had neglected to search the catch?
baiin where Cronin'a body was found, nf.er
removing the corpse. The newspaper man
decided to undertake the work himself. In
the bottom of the sewer btsin conceaied In
the wuter was found a bloody towel, ex?
actly similar to the one wrapped about Cro
nin'j head. Further groping brought up a
human linger. The member was decom?
posed, and it was Impossible to determine
whether it was a man's or a woman's. The
ideas suggested by the new find wore va?
rious. Recollections of Woodruff1? confes.
slon as to a woman's body was revive!, aa
were also his statements indicating there
had been a struggle in which Dr. Cronin
was a participant. It, is certnin (hat the finger
la not from the hands of Dr. Cronin. Cost
examination shows that ncno of Crontn's.
fingers is missing.
Washington, May 21? The President;
made the following appointments to*
day: William R Day, of Ohio, United
States District Judge for the North?
ern District of Ooio; Abial Lathrop, of
South Carolina, U. S. Attorney for the dis?
trict of South Carolina; Joseph N. Stripling,
of Florida, U. S. Attorney for the northern
district of Florida; Harry It. Jeffords, of
Arizona, U. S. Attorney for the Territory
of Arizona; John R Mizell, of Florida, U. 8.
Marshal for the northern district of Floiida;
Charles P. Hitch, of Illinois, U. 8. Marshal
for the southern district of Illinois. The
President also appointed B. P. Gilkerson
of Pennsylvania, to ha Second Comptroller
of the Treasury; S. B. Holliday, of Pennsyl?
vania, to be Commissioner of Customs, oT
the Treasury Department, anil David Mar?
tin to he Collector of Internal Revenue foe
tho Philadelphia district.
Effects of Cold Weather.
WABASH, Ind., May 24 ? Great damage
was dono to tbo potato crops in this vicini?
ty by the freeza Wednesday night. Tho
corn plants are brown and withered, and
the crop will be cut short, if, indeed, whole?
sale replanting is not required. Wheat waa
also slightly injured. The weather la tho
coldest ever known in this locality at this
Columbus, Ind., May 24.?There was a
heavy white frost hero last night whiob did
considerable damage to fruit and vegetables.
The wheat which id heading cut is also
somewhat irjured. _
Almost a Riot.
Guthtik, I T., May 24.?The soldiers
wore yi8'ardciy oal ed out for the first
time Bince the opening of Oklahoma to quell
what it first promised to bo a riot. Tho
trouble originated in the eviction of ti mart
from a piece of ground that had boen award?
ed to another party.
The Yantic Disabled.
Boston, May 21 ?The British steamer
James Watt, which arrived hereto-day from
Gnantanamo reports that on May I sbo
passed the 0. S. Bloop of war Yantic with
loss of foremast and jibboom. Sh?i wa-t
steering north by west,probably heading foe
New York. _
John Bright's Will.
London, May 24?The will of tho lata
Mr. John Bright was sworn to to-day. The
testator bequeaths an estate valued at
?80,184 to his children. The will COSita'na
no public b< quests.
The Whites to Leave.
PiKKRE, ])ik., May 24 ?Agent McCbes
ney at Cheyenne has received instructions
to notify all white settlers now on the res?
ervation to leave by order of Secretary
Two Children Drowned.
Fort Atkinson, Wis.. May 21.?Two
children of John Bolter were downed in
Bark river yesterday while returning from
a fishing excursion. The chi'dren were a
boy ami a girl aged 11 ami 9 years.
Arrest of Frenchmen.
Paris, May 24.?The Nineteenth Century
says that a number of Frenchmen have
been arrested by the German authorities at
Sou zmatt, Al-ace, on a charge cf treason.
Killed by Lightning.
Tu.scula, III., May 24 ?Goo. Cutler an i
the team he waa driving wore instantly
killed by lightning last evening at his farm
near Murdock.
Presented his Credentials.
bkbne. May 24.?Mr. John D. Wan!.bum
tbe new American Mini*tor to ^wi'.'jrfsnd,
presented his credentials to President II? Ea?
rner to-day. ^
Lard Tanks Destroyed.
Siocx City, la ,May 24.?Tnree large lar I
tanka at tbe B>oge packing house were
burnod yesterday. Los? $25 000.
/ store, for sale by
feb'2."i J. O. MI LB URN".
ceived to-day by
ap'20 .T C. MILP.lJfiN.
) BLAINS. Try it. 25c per bottle: For sale by
janlO JOMN I). H. I.UNT.
- KIES, in cases, just received.
WINE for sale by
janlH_OEO. McP.UBNF.Y k SON.
XJ Cool and refreshing.
my20 tf _BBOADU8 ASM:
LENOX LAUNDRY SOAP for .-:i!e by
C1ATAWBA WINE $1 per gallon at
j jaalS Me?UBNEY'S.

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