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Mohrh Ki h.som Representative alixandpia oazettr VOLUME CIX -NO. 109. INDUSTRIAL NUMBER. ALEXANDRIA, VA.. WEDNESDAY EVENING, MAY 20, 1908. PRICE 5 CENTS. 'lill: GENESIS OF Till. CITY. Ah iiiiiilria Had a Glorious Past?Its Future K .Mu>-1 Inviting. andria was originally known as "Hantlng Creek Warehouse," from a building in which tobacco was stored. This was In 1710. The land on which y .tanda waa patented by the authorities to Capt. Robert Howsen in 1069. John Smith, as early as 1608, . the site of the city on his way up nding at the falls of the Po The Dour tribe of Indians oc cuph >1 this cectlon at that time. In 1677 Capt. Howaen -old his patent to John Alexander for 6,000 pounds of to i rom the name of this owner our eily was named, although for time tin' settlement around the tobacco ?van house wee tailed Bellbaven, and its one street bore the name of Oronoco, so called from the tobacco brought here. In 1748 the Virginia House of Bur appointed trustees to design, build, carry on and maintain the town of Alexandria, on the site of the town if Ballhaven. The loyalty of the set? tlers to F.nglish authority was shown in the nar; > I of thc streets of the original town?King, Prince, Duke, Queen, | Princess, Royal, Fairfax and Cameron, ti.e latter from Lord Fairfax, Baron ol' ron. Water street, now Lee, flouted the river, but since then two additional streets. Union and the Strand, lave been reclaimed by the fill? ing in of the river. The first sale of lots was made on June io, 1749, from plats, the mak? ing of which was participated in _ey a young surveyor, George Washington. The town grew slowly. In 1767 a lot? tery netted about $60 as the basis of a fund to build a school house. In the same your a beginning was made to? ward thc building of Christ Church. In 177 9 the State Legislature authorized the incorporation of Alexandria, and Robert T. Hooe was chosen the first mayor. In 17 9:s the first pavement In th.- city was laid on King street, be? tween Fairfax and Pitt, the cost being defrayed from the proceeds of a lot? tery and by private subscriptions. From 1789 to 1846 it was a part of the Dis? trict of Columbia, and under the con? trol of Congress, lt was not until May ,". lsd., that the Legislature gave the city a charter for local control. This continued until Feb. 20, 1871, when the present charter was approved. While a part of Alexandria County, the city ls entirely separate in the matter of gov? ernment. Had it not been for the modest* ol George Washington the National Capi? tal would have been on the south side of the Potomac and included what ls noss the city of Alexandria. He op? posed its location here for fear of the criticism that he would profit thereby in the enhancement of the value of his Mt. Vernon estate, lils contemporaries f,t\ led this side, but gave way to his wishes In the matter. The name of Washington is closely identified with idria, concerning which the his? torian says: ' All portions of Alexandria speak of Washington. In this city one may find, if he will blow aside the dust of a cen tury, footprints of the Father of His Count; y, that tell of his ways as he : round about home. Elsewhere Hie great chief is on horseback, or sits high in some chair of state, lofty and red from common men, but In Alexandria he is dismounted and afoot ?a townsman and a neighbor." Hors Washington went to church rind lodge and visited and shopped. ii, ,e ! ?? received a military commission from den. Braddock. Here he made I his first surveys in helping to plat the town. Here he took part in a dispute between Messrs. Fairfax and Payne, rival candidates for the Vir? ginia House of Burgesses, and was knocked down by the latter. Later he example by apologizing to Payne lor interfering in what did not directly concern him. in March, 17S5, commissioners from .: and Maryland met in Alcoran i s the commercial relation! of the two States. They adjourned to Mount Vernon, and reached an m. nt favoring the free navigation of the Potomac. The Maryland Legislature ! this in November, and proposed ! nnissioners from all general commer >ial : Thlc resulted in the Annap ntlon of 1786, which, in tina, led to the calling of the Federal ntlon of lTnt What was a Water ' lion at Alexandria ended in lng formulated at Phil? adelphia, which willed the confedera? tion In a union , Nation. The development of Alexandria as a city has had very serious setbacks. I', suffered during the Kevolution, md later bj the (Trench embargo. It paid tl00. 000. then a large sum, to the British fleet to prevent being looted during the I 1M.-14. when Washingt I The financial ?tri] was so great at the close of ihe second war with Great Britain that the town of Alexandria Issued paper cur? rency as low as one cent. A specimen of this value is tn possession of George Wise. This promise to pay one cent on nd bears the written signature of loth the mayor and the city auditor. Alexandria was an Important point when the civil war paralyzed tts career. .lt was long In recovering from this last of the mailed hand, but lt is now well on Its feet. Previous to the last war the activity of the city was re? markable, having given aid to the large amount of a million and a half of dol? lars to public enterprises, a Hst of which is given under the title of "Arms of the City." LSiitflce it to say Alexan? dria is a solid city once more. Its lo cation is second to none other In the country in the matter of shipping facili? ties and access to great markets. Sur? rounded by a fruitful country, Its des? tiny ls assured as the manufacturing annex to the earth's greatest and mos! beautiful Capital City. THE HEAD OF THE CITY. Ilse Municipal Government and the Men Who Administer lt. The municipal affairs of Alexandria arc managed economically, on business principles, and taxes are kept within bounds consistent with demand. A leg? acy of debt left over from other days ls being gradually wiped out. It cost a little more than $140,000 to run the city last year, the largest Items of ex being for Interest, schools, polic? ing, lighting, firemen and street work. The city, of course, has a large variety of expenses, but the various officials are safeguards upon each other, and the ?ame frugality is observed in the hand? ling of the public money as ls usually exercised by careful men In the conduct ate affairs. city is governed under a general law by a council of twenty-four mem helonging to the Board of Aldermen and sixteen to a Common .1 Tin Aldermen are as follows: First Ward. J. M. Hill, Jacob Brill; 2d Ward, W. W. Ballenger, F. F. Mar bury; 3d Ward. J. R. N. Curtin. Henry ld; 4th Ward, Wm. H. Sweeney, C. -I. W. Summers. J. R. N. Curtin ls nt, L. H. Thompson clerk, and fohn B. Laphen messenger. The mem? bers of the City Council are as follows: .rd. Hubert Snowden, E. S. Lead AI.K.XAXDRIA CITY REAL Harry R. Burke, Thos. L. Rish elli; 2d Ward, Henry Baader, Henry Strauss, Louis Brill, Julian Y. Wil? liams; 3d Ward, W. H. Helmuth, J. T. Harrison, Robert L. Monroe, J. Fred Him!!; 4th Ward. L. E. Uhler. Frank i nks, Jr.. Charles B. Marshall, Frank T. Evans. Hubert Snowden ia president, 1?. ll. Stansbury clerk, and w. L. Craven messenger. The executive officers of the city are Fred J. Paff, Mayor; E. F. Price, Auditor; T. W. Robinson, Treasurer; and Samuel P. Fisher Corporation At? torney. The other officers of the cor? poration are: S. G. Brent, Common? wealth's Attorney; C. H. Callahan, Com? ber of Revenue; P. F. Gorman, if Taxes; E. C. Dunn, City Engineer; F. W. Latham, Superintend? ent of Gas; J. B. Waller, Clerk of Gas; L. D. Lyles, Clerk of the Market; C. S. Swain, Measurer and Inspector ol Lumber; C. H. Smith, Measurer and Inspector of Wood and Bark; Henry Callan and Edgar Warfield, Jr., Dis? pensers of Medicine; Drs. E. A. Gor man and W. A. Warfield, Physicians tc the poor; AV. M. Smith. Keeper ol Poorhouse and Workhouse; W. L. Cra? ven, Steward of Offices. The Jurisdiction of the city extend? over an area of only 713 acres, and as it ls one of the most compactly built cities In the country population ls ex? tended over the boundaries Into Alex? andria and Fairfax counties. Its en? largement by taking In new territory is riot as easy as in the case of othei cities which are a part and parcel ol the counties in which they exist. Alex dria city ls a part of Alexandria coun? ty only In a territorial sense. Many cities have swelled their population by taking in outlying towns. For example Athens, Ga., covers 4,640 acres, nearly pcs en times thc area of Alexandria, and yet Its population i* less than 12,000. Building permits last year covered the construction of new buildings to thc value of $120,000, compared with $64, 000 in 1906. The year 1908 promises tc i last s< ason. THE BRAIN <>F THE CITY. How ihe Voting .Mind of Alexandria b Trained. The public school system of Alexan? dria dates back to 1785. On Sept. "th of that year the cornerstone of the Alexandria Academy" was laid witli nie ceremonies. The inscriptior "ii the plate attached to the stone wa* aa follows: The foundation of the Alexandria my was laid on the 7th day ol September. 17 85. In the 9th vear of the. Independence of the United States ol America, by Robert Adam. Esq.. Mas? ter of Lodge No. 39, Ancient York Ma '. attended by the brethren, and ai f* J*'??_ument of tllc generosity of th? inhabitants, stands dedicated to their and all lovers of literature." .v.-i'tL6. w.re Prh'ate schools earllei than this, the first record of an attempt "To teach the young Idea how to shoot, To pour the fresh instruction o'er the mind, To breathe the enlivening spirit, aud to fix The generous purpose In the glowing breast," In Alexandria was back in 1739. The Academy noted above was en? couraged by Gen. Washington, who ' served as trustee, and in his will he .endowed lt with ?1,000, the interest of which he directed should "annually" be employed in the education of necessl tlous orphans and other poor children." This is how the Washington school, of which Prof. T. H. Ficklin ls principal; I the Lee School for Girls, of which Miss V. Ada Grlgg ls principal, Is the out ? growth of a school endowment by Mrs. , Martha Washington. The private schools of Alexandria j have always ranked high. The Behool for j boys long conducted by Prof. Benja? min Hallowell, now under the able management of Prof. Blackburn; the , Arlington Institute for Girls, of which Miss A. M. Chandlee ls principal; the St. Mary's Academy for Girls; the Pa | rochial School of Rt. Mary's Church, conducted by the Sisters of the Holy : Cross; the Episcopal High School, the Theological Seminary, the Kindergar? ten, and several other smaller schools are all doing a great work In the edu? cational uplift. The free public school system was ln ' augurated under the State law in 1871, and has been brought up to a standard j of proficiency second to none other In l the State. Furnished with the best ap : pllances, and conducted by a corps of : competent teachers, they are attended ; by all classes of citizens. The credit of inaugurating the sys? tem belongs to Prof. Richard L. Carne, who left the school room for the pul? pit, but whose place, since his retire? ment, in 1S92, has been ably filled bv Mr. W. F. Carne and Prof. K. Kern per. Thc School Board as constituted at present is as fol? lows: Herbert Bryant, Chairman; j Hubert Snowden. Clerk "f Board; K. Kemper, Superintendent of Schools. The members representing the ent wards: 1st Ward, Laurence Sta ! bier, C. R. Yates, L. H. Tnompson: 2d j Ward, G. Wm. Ramsey, P. M. Brad? shaw, A. H. Thomson: 3d Ward, W. F. Carne. Sr., W. J. Boothe, Herbert Pry ant; 4th Ward, Dr. W. M. Smith. W. B. Smoot, T. L. Carter. The last annual report shows an ex? penditure of a little over $22,000. Thc total enrollment of pupils was about 1,900, of which 1,300 were white and 600 colored. There were 24 schools for whites and 12 for the colored. The Episcopal High School, located a short distance from the city, on Semi? nary Hill, was founded in 1839, is, with one exception, the oldest school for boys under the auspices of the Episco? pal Church in the United States. Its head masters previous to 1861 were the Revs. Wm. N. Pendleton, BL A. Dalrym? ple, and J. P. McGuire. It was closed from 1861 to 3 866, when the Rev. W. F. Gardner took charge. He was suc? ceeded In 1870 by Dr. L. M. Blackford, the present principal. The school has long been one of thc- most successful in Virginia. The Episcopal Theological Seminary ls also located on Seminary Hill, and from this institution many young men have graduated to worthily fill pulpits in all parts of the land; no less thnn 30 of them having filler", the ol!, Bishop, the highest gift of the Church The Arlington Institute. The school for girls was founded In 1867, and has commodious and well equipped quarters at 215 N. Washing? ton street. Miss A. M. Chandlee has been principal since 1891 and has asso? ciated with her an excellent corps of Instructors. The range of study ex? tends from a primary department to studies to equip students for a univer? sity course. Day pupils attend from Alexandria, while from outside points girls are boarded In the building. Par? ents looking for a school for girls will do well to send to Miss Chandlee for the annual catalogue. A Business Education. The choice of a school is a problem constantly confronting parents. Shall lt be a public or private school? Our public schools are good, but there are great advantages to be secured from training In private schools. Specialized training ls the need of the times. The reason why private schools exist is sim? ply because they deserve to exist. They produce better results than the public schools. It ls the matter of getting specialized training in the private schools which is the one great feature differentiating them from the excellent public schools. These thoughts came to the Gazette representative during a visit to the Pltmanlc School of Business and Shorthand, comfortatdy quartered on the third floor over the Alexandria National Bank. Here James H. DePue, A. M.. has for a year been carrying on a high class select school for both sexes, and has more than sixty students under instruction. "Prof. DePue brings to his duties ripe experience as a teach? er, and knowledge acquired as a grad? uate of Lafayette College, Princeton University, and the Western Theologi? cal Seminary. For the benefit of those who cannot attend in the day time he has a night session three times a week. This school is commended to the atten? tion of the parents of Alexandria as well as young people who desire prac? tical business training. The Oriental University. This institution, recently established in Alexandria, offers many residence and correspondence courses leading to graduation and all degrees In science and art, theology (non-sectarian), phil? osophy, law, medicine, and orientalls tlcs. The president of the university, Rev. H. P. Holler, spent five years In India, and ls familiar with Sanskrit and other languages of the Oriental as well as European countries. He has able assistants, and the work In hand bodes much good to educational affairs in Alexandria, as well as the whole coun? try. Write Rev. H. P. Holler. Alexan? dria, Va., for full particulars. THE SOUL OF THE CITY. Fine Religious and Moral Influences BJ Work In Alexandria. Churches are the various streams' flowing from the fountain-head of true civilization. On these streams float to us the commerce of the ideal, the In? tellectual and the spiritual world. The waters of their influence irrigate thc orchards of the arts and sciences. The : rush of their currents turns the pon- f derous machinery of government and, social life. In the garden of the twen-1 I tieth century the eye of even unpreju ' diced unbelief sees In every* church the ! tree of life. We talk of civilization, but both morality and civilization are blooms i whose roots are in the church. Philo? sophical statesmen no longer doubt but that Christianity is to be the religion of humanity. The great argument and unmeasurable answer to all infidelity ls Christianity itself. Sunshine needs no stump speech to win for it the right of way into the world. Christian truth no angel advocate to plead its cause. Numberless hospitals and orphan asy? lums, flashing like Jewels around the neck of civilization, dissipate and shat? ter the gloom of skepticism. What ls It that makes Africa the dark continent? 1 What ls it that make-, Europe and 1 America the foci of light? Africa lacks Christianity. Europe and America are t its hope. > The great river of Christianity has t been divided into Irrigating streams the i better to accomplish the work of t watering the world. i opalton.?First to enter between I > the capes of the Chesapeake and one < of the foremost in the history of the J country*, its mission work has been one j i of the broadest in its theology and free- t dom of man's choice of Christian effort: i on American soil, lt has always been In this country tolerant and temperate. I lt has neither sunk to the quagmires of s blind and superstitious Ignorance on j I hand, nor to the rigid, intoler-' ant, super-sinister abolition of personal volition on the other. In lt all shades of observance of form have found ref? uge. It is a world power and a very happy and contented one. No tree in the garden of God has borne fir er fruit than som. of the chara a ere de.-eloped in the pale of the Protestant Episcopal Church. There are three churches and two chapels of this denomination In Alex- j 1 andria. ' Old Christ Church on the square: i bounded by Washington, Cameron, Co-j 1 lumbus, and King streets is perhaps the j < most interesting from the fact thati* both 'ons Qeorge Washington and Rob? ert E. Lee were at times members of its communion. The Washington pew is still preserved. The church ls open dally to Visitors. Its history dates back to 17C7. In the church yard a number of graves will be found, with old-fash? ioned head stones. Regular services are t held, the rector being the Rev. W. J., 1 Morton. i I From 1761 until 1S13 it was called!: "the Episcopal Church." On June 9, is 14. lt was consecrated by Bishop t Clanrett, under the title of "Christi t Church," by which it is now known. I Tablets to the memory of Washington: ( and Lee are found on the waits on each < * ddt of the chancel. Th first minister! a was Kev. Townsend Dade. I St Paul's church, on S. Pitt street, ls t another edifice full of interest to all.il This church was organized in 1810, it when it was a small building on Fair- t fax street. In 1818 the present church | was consecrated. P.ev. P. Parker Phil-, t lip*, ls rector. t Grace Church, young In years com- * ith the others, ls on S. Patrick,1 ka Raw. Edgar Carpenter is; 1 rector. r Thc Episcopal chapels are St. John's, 11 on Duke street extended, and Qoorili Shepherd, corner Fairfax and Frank-! i lin. The Brotherhood of St. Andrew ls i 1 represented, and each church has its' r guilds, aid societies, and Circles of the j I King's Daug). j i Tho Pohlck Episcopal Church, six! < miles from Mt. Vernon, Is one of the1 historic churches of this section. Itl I was built in 1768-70 from plans drawn's by George Washington, who for 20 j t years or more was a vestryman and a. c regular attendant. It was In this church that Parson Weems occasional? ly preached. He was author of the first book devoted to Washington, In which appeared the hatchet and other stories of the youthful Washington. Methodist.?Promlnc-.t among her Si ?"**. A gliUtp .,,....! the great popular heart which some may rival, but none can surpass, stands Methodism. Like a banyan tree, Methodism has gone on spreading till In Its great shade many Alexandrians find rest. The growth and evolution of Methodism from the primitive meeting house to the stately modern edifice ls one of the most marvelous phenomena in the history of the church. When the s first unfurled the banner of Methodism they could hardly have realized the meaning of that movement. The great work which Wesley and his co-laborers had wrought In England proved the providential mission of the movement. Methodism bore well the transplanting across the ocean. In the soil of the new world and new nation this new church struck Its roots deep and strong. Other sects welcomed her with a generous emu? lation in the great harvest field. The age called for an Incarnate, shlrt-sleeved Christianity. Methodism ?throwing aside forms and ceremonies ?stripped Itself like a great spiritual athlete and moved forward to conquest. There are six places of worship for people of this faith In Alexandria. Trinity, on S. Washington street near r King, has Rev. W. W. Van Aredale for;1 pastor. It was formerly known as tho Methodist Episcopal Church, but [l changed Its name a few years ago. Its | Jj organization dates back to the time of i the Revolution. Methodist Episcopal Church, South, ) on M. Washington, near King, has Rev. C. D. Bulla for pastor. Associated with this church Is the George R. Hill Memorial, or Young People's Building, possessing all the features of a Y. M. C. A. in that there is a reading room, and meetings held and lectures pro? vided for both sexes. There ls a spe? cial meeting every Sunday afternoon for men, and there ls always a large at? tendance. The pastor is president of the organization; Dr. C. E. Outcalt is treasurer, and J. Frank Myers secre? tary. The Free Methodist Church ls at 424 S. Lee. Rev. A. W. Myer ls pastor. The Methodist Protestant Church is on Washington near King. Rev. G. I. Humphreys is pastor. The Bethany Methodist Protestant Church is on Fairfax near Duke, and lt' v. IC. W. Poisal ls pastor. The Village chapel ls on Gibbon near Patrick. Presbyterian. ? The Presbyterian Church ls a worker and ita principles and policy plain to the mind. Strict with itself, lt ls charitable to the world and allowing personal choice In mem? bers of its ordinances, lt yet holds with tenacity to Its cardinal tenets. No or? ganization ls a more hearty worker, none more devoted, few if any more Christian. It is an active missionary, a powerful example and a high Inspira? tion. Christian effort and Chrlst-llke living are urged by it and it has done and is doing uiuoii for the world. The First Presbyterian Church of Alexandria was built on S. Fairfax, rn ar Wolfe. General Washington con? tributed to its erection and occasionally ' I attended the services. This church membership united some years ago with the Second Church, on Prince street, near St. Asaph, where services are now carried on under the pastorate of Rev. Joseph R. Sevler. The Presby? terians maintain a church home at 314 S. Royal. Baptist.?The Baptist Church, great In Its past history, standing for some of; > the greatest truths of Christianity; bold j f with the example of its martyrs, j t moulding IU policy on the model of the early church, modified to flt the repub? lican ideas of liberty-loving modernity, ls another great factor In Christian work; fostering Independence of thought and action and repudiating the dogmas and practices originating with archepiscopal power, lt ls a protestant of Protestants and conserves individ? ualism of effort and robust Christianity. There are two Baptist churches in Alexandria, the First, on 8. Waahing neeur Prince, which ls at present without a pastor, and the Second, re? cently organized at the mission on Co umbus and Pendleton streets, of which ilev. Dr. Hobbs ls pastor. Lutheran.?How the heart leaps at he mention of Lutheranism! What nore royal name in all the galaxy of he past than that of the Wittenburg nonk? The words that he spoke shook he world and after years fell here tpon Alexandria ears. Poor, indeed, vould be the history of the past four :enturles with the name and work of Martin Luther left out. It is a compli nent to any atmosphere or political soil hat lt affords a place for Lutheran sm. The Lutheran Church of Alexandria s called the Emanuel Evangelical, and itands at the corner of Cameron and s*. Alfred. Rev. John J. May ls pastor, ["his church haa a Ladles' Aid Society ind a Young People's Society. Catholicism.?The Roman Catholic .hurch, claiming a world-wide mission, :ame early to the shores of the new vorid. Their heroic priests plunged nto the trackleso forests and lifted up he cross before the red men's eyes, :almlng their wild passions with the vondrous story of a Redeemer's love. I;onie came to teach the truth as she toidi it. No purer form, perhaps, of RomanUm exists than has been found n free America, and Alexandria claims n her Catholicism a high type of that :cclesia_ticism that has belted the vorld. The Catholic Church of Alexandria. Ht, Mary's, is on S. Royal, near Duke, bather H. I. Cutler is pastor. The ni milers of this church have important lids in uplift work in Hie Young Men's Sodality Lyceum, tho Father Matthew ["otal Abstinence Society, the St. Vin ?n: de Paul Society, and the Catho ii Women's Benevolent Legion. These ocietics hold regular meetings In St. dary's Hall. IOU Jail?The chosen people of God 'rom the time of Abraham have been he chief factor In the history of the vorld. The world owes much to .reece for Its culture; to Rome for its ;ystem of law; to the other great civili? zations that have arisen and perished; >ut to the Jews can be traced Chrls lanlty and whatever has been best for tumanlty. The providential place of he Jew in the divine economy has been he highest. Tills remarkable people run through he ocean of time like the gulf stream hrough the Atlantic?separate from ind unmixed with the world. The Jew goes everywhere; of course ie came to this community, and his ecord here has been a part of his plendld record everywhere. They are o lay among the pillars of our com nercial fabric. The Jewish Synagogue of Alexandria s at 206 N. Washington street. Con lected with this organization are two mportant subordinate bodies, the He new Benevolent Society and the Coun il of Jewish Women. The colored people have a dozen or Mrs churches divjded among three eels, the Baptist leading, followed by he Methodists, and that by one so? ciety of Seventh Day Adventists. THE HEART Ol' THE CITY. Jeiievoleiice a Prominent Trait of Life in Alexandria. No regular census of benevolent and :iai Hallie woik haa ever been taken In he United States. The government las compiled ligures relating to public ind private Institutions for the depend mt classes, the blind, deaf and feeble nlnded, but t? ta.vc. anything like an iccurate census of the aid extended by octettes and Individuals' would be most lifllcult. But the opinion of those qual ried to speak ls that the past decade :as witnessed a doubling of the inter si that the successful and the fortu late can show for the poor and the iut'oi'tunate. As the number of associa lous has multiplied, so also have the ines of activity increased. Charity has teeto reduced to a science, and there ire those who make it a profession. The vork has been practically revolutionlz :d In recent years. Tho activity of a decade or two ago ?aa palliative rather than curative, rhe effort was mainly to relieve Uls ress rather than to remove its cause, ["oday the question la treated as one hat calls for a cure. The charity sub? ed in days gone by was treated as an ndivldual. Today he is treated as nember of the State, and the effort ls o get him on his feet, so that he may lot only stand of his own will, but may il8o lend a hand to others. The eighteenth and nineteenth cen unes in America were given to the ?onquest of wild men and wild lands. ['he twentieth century will be given to :ven better work. It will be devoted argely to the conquest of poverty and ncompetency, and through the rescue if the children of the nation this will ie brought about. What the period nakes of Itself depends on what it nakes of the children. Herein Hes the leinoi.i_.Uc enrichment of the future. The tendency ls now taking a practi :al shape In handling the poor, the un ortunate and the Incompetent. Socie les under city and State control are issumlng the distribution of funds and jiving relief. The bunding out of noncy has about ceased. The Salvation .rmy and Volunteers of America set he keynote to all applicants for help: Can you work?" "Are you willing to vork?" Favorable response to these est questions ends in the securing of vork i notlfh til provide a place to sleep ind somcttilng to cat. At the head of the Hst of helpful lids In Alexandria ls the City Hospital, 120 Wolfe street, of which Mrs. M. .damson ls superintendent. It was ounded In 1872, and is managed by a >oard of lady managers and supported >y contributions from various churches, Lssoclatlons and Individuals. The present managers are ea follows: it. Paul's Church, Mrs. W. B. Smoot, Hiss Miltie Kllpsteln; Christ Church, Alas Alice E. Colquhoun, Miss E. W. 'mllh, Grace Church, Mrs. Frank T. vlng, Miss Laura King; M. E. .hurch. South, Mrs. George R. Hill, Hrs. Worth Hulftsh; Presbyterian Jhurch, Mrs. Ballenger, Mrs. Camp jell; Methodist Protestant Church, dlss Mary Goods; Baptist Church, Hrs. H. K. Field, Mrs. Jos. L. Crup >er; Trinity Church, Mrs. Fletcher )yson, Mrs. Oscar Baggett. The presl lent ls Mrs Mary G. Boothe; vlce-presf lent, Mrs. W. B. Smoot; secretary. Miss Colquhoun. The medical staff is as follows: Con ultlng physicians, Drs. Wm. M. Smith, ii. M. Slaughter; acting physicians, )rs. George T. Kllpsteln. Martin Dela? hey, S. R. Moore, Llewellyn Powell. The board of trustees ls as follows: .rthur Herbert, treasurer; Worth Hul Ish, secretary; J. T. Burke, Hubert Snowden, C. H. Hooff, J. T. Harrison, C. Kemper, G. L. 3oothe, J. R. Caton. A comparison of the report of 1898 vlth that of 1908 shows a doubling of he number of patients and of contrl mtlotis. No sufferer ls turned from Its loora, and each year finds new endow nents of free cots and rooms. There i ere 4 46 patients cared for In 1907, In rhlch persons suffering from injuries .nd serious ailments lead in number. Alexandria ls the home of Mrs. Kate Valler Barrett, General Superintendent if the National Florence Crittenton illsslons, a rescue work supported by ts president. Charles N. Crittenton, of Washington, who gives his entire In? come to the work, except the small a.mount necessary for the expenses of his family, lt ts a work of love on his part as well as that of all officers and members of local organizations. This differentiates lt from other organ? izations, for it precludes the idea of personal aggrandizement and puts it upon a purely altruistic basis. It has the endorsement of the President of the United States, besides that of leading lurists, ministers and business men. The fact that last year lt reached over eighteen thousand girls, and that at least seventy-five per cent of them were permanently reformed shows lt to be a means of civic betterment that must be reckoned with as one of the great up? building forces of the twentieth cen? tury. A home for children is main? tained at 406 Duke street, of which Mrs. Mollie Whatley ls superintendent. The city supports an almshouse for helpless poor, of which W. W. Smith ls superintendent. The Old Ladies' Home, at 203 N. Fairfax, supported from kindly purses, has Mrs. Eliza Carson for matron. As elsewhere noted, the Presbyterian Church Home ls at 314 S. Royal. A glory of Alexandria ls shown In its In? terest in the poor, the friendless and unfortunate. While care is taken that Impostors and unworthy persons shall not receive assistance to which they are not entitled, the deserving poor never make an appeal that ls not listened to, or that falls to awaken the sympathy i of those actively engaged in works of philanthropy. Several of the churches have societies with this end In view. Thc Catholics, as everywhere, are espe? cially active in this matter. Elks and various orders are also prominent ir. this work. THE LUNGS OF THE CITY. Alexandria's Breathing Places, Drives, Burk* and Resort.. Alexandria is one of the most com? pactly built cities in the country, and owing to the access given by the water? ways and roadways to delightful out? side places, little attention has been given to local parkways, but that over? sight promises now to be remedied. The city has no park, but one is now proposed in which the plan includes the erection of a statue of Washington, who is to be portrayed as a citizen and neighbor and friend. The active pro? moter of this movement ls A. J. Wed? derburn, whose arguments were so po? tent that Congress recognized the Im? portance of this work, and had struck 200,000 medallions at the Philadelphia mint to be sold to assist in building a suitable pedestal for this monument. The dies on the medallion represent George Washington as a Mason, a fireman, a farmer, and surveyor, all civic occupations. Mr. Wedderburn has these medals for sale. The Masons! i and firemen of Virginia have endorsed i .. the movement, and lt ls hoped that a ; generous public appreciating the great | < work of Washington in his civic ca-1 f paclty will assist in building this the only monument to his memory as a civilian. Mr. Wedderburn hopes to as? sist measurably in securing funds by the sale of lots surrounding the park and statue. A splendid conception is what has beer, termed Mount Vernon Avenue. It ls proposed to begin this avenue or boulevard at the Capitol building, in Washington, thence leading down through the Mall and over the Memo? rial Bridge, passing Arlington, through the counties of Alexandria and Fairfax, along picturesque hills and valleys, all for miles in full panoramic view of Washington and its magnificent build? ings; through Alexandria, across Hunt? ing Creek, over another Memorial Bridge to the memory of Lafayette, De Kalb, Rochambeau and the other dis? tinguished French soldiers and sailors vho aided our fathers In the Revolution, thence through what was originally a part of Mt. Vernon estate to the home and tomb of Washington. This highway, some seventeen miles in length and 250 feet wide, divided Into sections, one for each State, on which are to be built by the different States permanent buildings in which the products of each can be shown, together with a topographic map of each, statues and monuments to its distinguished sons, with trees and flowers indiglnous to the State, descrip? tive matter as to manufacturing, min? ing, agriculture?in short, everything ' that can advertise to the world the j [ greatness of our country and the ad- i vantages presented by each one of the numerous Commonwealths that consti-, lute the American Union will thus be: ! presented. In short, as stated by M. B. Harlow, ] the originator of the idea, it will be an j Apian Way and a Westminster Abbey combined. When this great highway ls built lt: , will be one of the world's wonders. An I, elaborate report was made by Col. Peter C. Hains, an Army engineer, to the Sec? retary of War, in which the project was most heartily endorsed. He declared lt _ monumental work, patriotic and edu? cational, and "the question of cost should be of secondary consideration." Alexandria has access now by boat and car at trifling cost to some of the most interesting and delightful points of Interest In America. THE EYES OF TUE CITY. The Police, the Fire Laddies and the Military. The Alexandria Police Department has always been kept up to a high standard and for this reason serious Brime, are rare in the city. Criminals .ive Alexandria a wide berth, for the reputation of the Alexanuria police force has been passed along the line. The department ls composed of a com? mission Including the Mayor and mem? bers representing the different wards, : * 1st, Zora Hill; 2d, T. A. Fisher; 3d, I August Oehlert; 4th, Albert Bryan. The present Chief ls Charles T. , Goods, and the pun ls pardonable In saying that he usually finds the "goods" ) when he has half a chance. His lieu- , enants are James Smith and B. Flo Bettie. Headquarters are tn the City | .v Building, Fairfax street side. The regu? lar patrolmen are Gayton Arrlngton. I. D. Beach. W. A. Ferguson, J. C- Gill, '. W. Bell. B. T. Young, H. C. Knight, I. T. Rawlett, A. J. Nicholson, J. T. Roberts, Joshua Sherwood, James Tal? bot, p. J. Garvey, J. F. Webster. J F. flenderson and J. F. Sampson. There has never been In the history sf the city any affair which the police \ n nave not been able to keep well in ? hand, although great cities are near at I c hand from which crooks can come quickly and cheaply. Many public iieetings are held here during the year, ind many thousands of strangers? nore perhaps than to any other city of :he size tn the country?are entertained .vtthln the city limits, yet robberies are itngularly rare, and when they do oc :ur the guilty are usually captured and punished. There were 1,365 arrests ast year and 309 persons were confined n Jail, 129 whites and 180 negroes. The Ines collected amounted to about $5, >00. Not as large In number* nor as ex enslve in equipment as in ?ome other arger cities, but ful'y as efficient, the Alexandria paid Arr. departme.it has. a luring Its existence, enjoyed a credit isses In the city, one as compactly uilt as ours is, furnish ample proof mt the department is well able to pro set the etty against the ravages of fire, here were only 65 alarms last year, he two most notable fires in the city ere in 1855 and 1871, in the first amed year on lower King street, when tiling walls killed eight men, and In ie latter when the city hall was de? coyed, on the site of which our pres nt line city building stands. The Chief of the department ls eorge W. Pettey, each ward having a ?arden: 1st, BL A. Mankln; 2d, M. L rice, Jr.; 3d, M. L. Kishoill; 4th. ourtney Acton. The officials of the arious companies are aa follows: Reliance Steam Fire Engine Co.: resident. L. E. Uhler; First Vice-Pres lent, J. R. N. Curtin; Secretary, F. J. ?ollard; Treasurer, Wm. H. Bontz, Jr.; Inginecr. William H. Bontz; Driver of 'nglne, Julian Ballenger; Driver of lose Wagon, Ernest Warder. Columbia Steam Fire Engine Co.: 'resident, Wm. A. Smoot; First Vice ?resident. William H. Griffith; Second rice-President, J. L. Duffey; Secretary, "orman C. Trcakle; Assistant Secre iry, Charles R. Herbert; Treasurer, ohn Leadbeater; Engineer, Noble T. mith; Driver of Engine, Henry Posey; )rlvcr of Hose Wagon, Stephen Taylor. Relief Hook arid Ladder Co.: Presl ent. John H. Trimyer; First Vlce 'resldent, Joseph DeSilva; Second Vice 'resident, John Griffin; Secretary, "naries DeM di; Treasurer, Gettys ly.ts: Recorder, Claude Pickin; Driver, ohn E. Clapdore. The history of the Alexandria Fire Apartment goes back to Revolutionary ays. The old Friendship Fire Corn any, of which George Washington was member, and to which he presented a re engine in 1774, still maintains an rganization and has a membership ln luding a number of our leading citl ens. The military histor.' ls a record of lonor. Alexandrians went with Brad ock and Washington on the ill-starred xpedition to Fort Duquesne. The town .as well represented in the Revolution nd in the War of 1812-14. It sent roops to help suppress the Pennsylva la "Whisky Rebellion." During the far it was taken and plundered by the Jrltish. Its shipping, then quite lm ortant, suffered. To the Mexican war ikxandria sent a company of men un er Capt. M. D. Course, who was after? wards the first colonel of tho famous 7th Virginia. In the Civil War Alex ndria was represented by five compa ies of Infantry, one company of cav lry, and two batteries of artillery. To he memory of the valiant dead of these ommands living comrades and citizens rected a monument. Elder's "Appo lattox," an impressive statue, In the enter of the crossing of Washington nd Prince streets. The veterans of this ar also have a Lee Camp Hall, a fine uildlng, in which is located the public brary. Robert E. Lee was visiting in lexandria when he was notified of his ppointment to the command of th. irginia State troops at the beginning f the war. Alexandria sent one company lo the panlsh-Amerlcan war, under Capt. At inson. This company is now known s Company G of the 70th Virginia In antry, but locally known as the Alex ndrla Light Infantry. It has a com lodious armory on South Royal street, 'he present officers of the company are s follows: P. J. Murphy, Captain; W. 7. Demaine, 1st Lieutenant; R. C. Tal ot, 2d Lieutenant. THE ARMS OF THE CITY. ilexandria the Center of a Vast Ra? diant of Iim-rlaiid Railway Systems, Besides Accv.s to the World by Sea. Alexandria has two great systems of rausportatlon connecting her with the rorld at large, railways and waterways, nd either would be considered of suf clent importance to make any city in Linerica notable. At present Alexan rla ls using her railways to the neglect f her waterways. Take a map of the United States, pread lt out and make a circle around .lexandria. Then search within the cope of the circle, or outside of it. and nd a town of its 3lze with equal faclli les for getting in and out. You will nd none. Alexandria is the gateway etween the North and the South?the hlef turnstile of the country east of he Mississippi. Alexandria as a white settlement ls ow In the third century of Its exlst nce. It has a reputation for being low, but this ls not deserved. It has ad many troubles of her own, lnclud ig Invasions from Indians and soldiers nd sailors from foreign shores. The tevolutionary war, the short but ex enslve conflict with France, and the econd war tor Independence, each had :s effect upon Alexandria's welfare and ommerce, but the last conflict having nded she recuperated rapidly, and In short time barks, brigs, schooners and hips from Alexandria's wharves sailed he high seas, carrying cargoes to and rom foreign ports. From that period ntil the breaking out of the civil war idexandria grew and prospered. Loco? motive works were established, a cotton actory put In operation, railroads built, canal constructed, large flouring mills rected and numerous other enterprises tarted and successfully conducted. The enterprise of Alexandria was also nen in the fact that if it was not the rst city In the country to Issue postage (amps, eves before the Government ld, it was among the first, and specl lens of these Alexandria .provisional tamps have the greatest value of any nown to American history. Within DIM of the five-cent stamps of 846 sold for $3,000 In Philadelphia, nd passed to the ownership of George Worthington, of Cleveland, Ohio, who as three of the four stamps of that arlety known to exist. Up to the time of the war between ie States. Alexandria entered with vldlty into works of public lmprove >ent. as evidenced by the following ims advanced In aid of means of andling it3 growing trade to the in ?rior: i<ldl? Turnpike . *30'?J_' hesapeake & ohio Canal. _?0,0OO lexandria Canal. 650,000 lange A Alexandria Railroad 150,000 is Gap Railroad. 430,000 mandrin water company.. lo.ooo $1,530,000 We will ask any present day critic f Alexandria to find If he can another ty on the Western continent of equal ze and wealth, that ever gave as much ' public improvements. Right at our doors are located the sar Potomac classification yards They '? probabij the most modern In the mntry, and the most recent Ideas of illroad building have gone into their instruction. Every device for the ipld and satisfactory handling of eight cars that constructive genius has :vlsed and experience has approved is beam ador In these yards, containing 45 miles of ack, 4,000 cars can be In process of mdllng at one time, and it is possible multiply this number five times, aklng the dally capacity of the yards ,000 cars. a large force of men is i ployed. The cars are shifted and distributed a system of gravity. One side of e yards is devoted to north-bound d the other to south-bound freight, single track spreads out on each side to a score or more, the single track