roiiiisuEa evks* akikrnooh
Br The Alexandria Gazette Corpora
Won. 117 Kinsr Street. Alexandrla~_Va
EOWAao ". sjdlTH/ fresiaent ana
WHililAM A. SMOOT... .Vice President
BlICIIAEIi T. Editor
JAMES F. PEYTON. .Business Manager
?ntrtred at t&e Postofflce at Alexan
flrii, Virginia as second clasr, matter.
ICE CREAM FAMINE.
The scarcity of ice and regulations
concerning the use of sugar are ha\
ing a natural effect upon the manu
facture of ice cream which has for
many years been regarded as an es
sential, especially during the preva
lence of heat waves. In the lai g?i
cities there is a dearth in this com
modity while the mercury in the
thermometer is near the century
The shortage is being felt in Alex
andria also, and early last night the
proprietor of one of the principal
cafes of the city placed a sisn on his
window bearing the following: 'J* ifty
gallons of ice cream received and on
pale." The result was that a stream
of purchasers scon began to invade
the place, some customers eating
plates of this great desideratum in
the cafe and others carrying it away
The production of ice cream, like
every other essential in these days, i-J
controlled by the larger manufactur
ers. Most of the product disposed of
in Alexandria is brought here in
large trucks which visit all the lunch
houses as well as the smaller dealers
in every section of the city. 1 he re
ceptacles of the previous day are re
moved and fresh supplies installed,
while the icing and all preliminaries
are conducted by the manufacturers'
agents. The retail dealer has nothing
to do but dish it out.
We often contrast conditions today
with those of many years ago when
all the ice cream disposed of in Alex
andria was manufactured in the city.
Dealers gathered ice from the river or
Hunting Creek during the winter se s
son an J the surplus, or that which
was not needed in the manufacture of
ice cream, was sold from wagons on
the streets. Besides, ice cream in
those days was made mostly from
cream, which made it much more
palatable than at present when neces
sarily milk enters largely into its
In the olden tunes numbers of ice
v:cream stands were in the public mar
ket. Some may remember (i.illion.
the vendor in ante-war days. For
? many years the late Henry Brengle
conducted business in a house next to
the Citizens' Naitonal Dank. He en
joyed a large patronage.
The inci'easing demand for iiv
cream has, of course, brought about i
deterioration in quality. Although re
freshing and greatly sought, it lacks
the body and richness of that of other
TRUE DEMOCRATIC SPIRIT.
The Loudoun Mirror, which support
ed E. P>. White for Congress during
the recent campaign says convincing
returns indicate that Hon. C. C. Car
lin has won over his nearest opponent.
Col. E. B. White, by a safe majority
in the district ranging from !."00 to
In analyzing results, "the Mirror
In analyzing the results. "the
Mirror says, "we will admit that
there were to us many sur
rrises. Loudcun's majority fell 10
per cent prevailed over the district.'
f ;en^s of Mr. White and the same
rcr cent prevailed over the district.
'?To the lion. C. C. Carlin we extend
c.-r congratulations and-bespeak for
him the hearty support of the demo
crats of the 3th district in the Novem
ber election. We tried" to conduct
a clean campaign. We did our best.
The people have spoken, and as every
?democrat should we bow to the will of
the majority. We could no doubt
name* many causes that contributed to
vir. White's defeat, but they are im
rr.atonn) mci the practical ronton is
that he failed to got enough votes."
Mr. White, who has been seriously
ill for ten days and is still confined to
his bed, authorizes the following
-"I wish to thank my friends for
their activity in my campaign and
appreciate very much the loyal sup
port given me by so many of the good
citizens of the district. I am also
gratified to see the interest that is
being taken in the proposition of more
representation from the agricultural
interests and I hope to sec in the near
future all of the various interests of
this country equally and equitably
represented in all law making bodies."
VIOLATIONS OF TRAFFIC LAWS.
Alexandria is at present alive with
automobiles, auto rucks, motorcycles
and bicycles, and a large percentage
of those ;n charge of such vehicles
pay but little respect to the traffic
laws. Speeding is the most general
offense, as it is common to see auto
mobiles dashing through the streets
at a speed dangerous to the drivers
as well as to pedesrians. Not one but
a hundred of such violators of law
<uc appi ehended, as they pass so rap
idly that it is often impossible to
catch their numbers.
People who patronize the electric
trains are daily exposed to peril by
thoughtless and. careless persons in
charge of motor-driven vehicles, as it
is a common sight to see automobiles
shoot through bunches of people gath
ered at street intersections for the
purpose cf boarding trains.
The law is plain: such vehicles
should stop when a train is taking on
or discharging passengers, or is about
to stop. This section of he law, how
ever, is often violated with impun
ity, and automobiles, auto trucks and
motorcycles rush past trains to the
peril of persons who may be off the
curbstones at the time.
fhe crews of electric trains are
kept nervous, as they fear serious ac
cidents will occur sooner or later from
It is suggested that the men em
ployed on the tin ins procure the
numbers of cars which imperil pas
sengers and turn them over to the po
lice. The latter will endeavor to
identify the chauffeurs, and if ar
l.iigned in tne Police Court examples
will be made of them. The fine is
SPANISH "FLU" SPREADING.
While thousands of people are
being slaughtered on the battle fields
of the old world the pale horse of
death is visiting the capitals of Eu
rope and carrying off many non
Influenza?"Spanish flu," as it is
called?is spreading throughout Eu
In London alone there have been
more than GOO deaths from the disease
in less than two months. One week
in July the deaths in London reached
287. Quinine queues are common
The Fourth arid Sixth German arm
ies were out of the fighting for weeks
with the disease and great "flu
camps" have been established in Bel
gium and France, where the Germans
were sent to receive treatment and
to prevent the disease from spread
ing through the Hun armies.
"Many deaths occurred in these two
German armies and other German
units. Few cases have been reported
so far among the Allied armies in
France, but the civilian population of
France is suffering greatly, as are
the people of Spain and Portugal.
In Britain the disease is not con
fined to London. The country dis
tricts and, other cities suffer greatly.
In Leeds, Manchester, Herts, Egham,
Sheffield and Birmingham certain
schools and factories have been
Perhaps the greatest toll, if reports
are to be believed, is being taken by
the epidemic in Austria, also victims
of cholera and diseases arising from
malnutrition. The number of cases
in Austria is reported to be reckoned
?'Spanish flu" in its symptoms is
nuch like that whit the Americans
call grippe. But it is more severe and
often fatal. ? ,
In Russia both Spanish "flu" and
cholera have claimed hundreds of vic
tims and are both spreading.
DESTINY OF AMERICA.
Samuel Taylor Coleridge, poet and
essayist, writing some 75 years ago.
"The possible destiny cf the United
States of America as a nation of a
hundred million of free'men, stretch
ing from the Atlantic to the Pacific,
living under the laws of Alfred and
speaking the language of Shakes
peare and Milton, is an august con
The United States is now a nation
of a hundred million and moro,
stretching from the Atlantic to the
Pacific, avid reaching out east takes in
Hawaii and the Philippines, in the
north Alaska, and fn the south the
Panama Car.al. But grander than
its phvsical is its moral greatness.
Its fairness and justice, its courage
and power, its maintenance of right
and freedom cover the world.
REFUGEES AT TAORHINA
Beautiful Winter Resort in Eastern
Sicily Ideal Spot for Destitute and
Homeless Ones ? Now Harbors
Nearly Two Thousand.
By KATE S. HORTON
Taormina, Sicily, Aug. 9.?Taor
mina, described by American travel
lecturers as "the most beautiful place
in the world" is now one of the prin
cipal places of shelter for the refugees
from the north of Italy. Besides its
warm sunny climate, which makes it
an ideal spot for these destitute and
homeless ones, this beautiful winter
resort of eastern Sicily lends itsel
particularly well as a resting place
for the refugees because of its many
hotels, tilled in other days with tour
ists and visitors from every corner or
the world. These have been turned
over to the newcomers for dwelling
places. Here they live in family
groups, clubbing together for their
meals, as do the travelers in the emi
grant; steamers or nomads in the
At the present time Taormina hai
bcrs nearly two thousand of these
fugitives, driven from their homes 1?>
the invasion of Austro-German troops.
The hardships that these people en
dured in the course of that fight arc
appalling. Many of them walked con
tinuously for five days and five nights
in torrential rains, crossing swollen
streams and sodden plains with ever
the horror of a pursuing enemy be
hind. before reaching the trains that
carried them to safety and shelter m
southern Italy. In the made stampede
household treasurers, at first guarded
jealously, were tossed aside, children
were torn from their parents and the
old and feeble were trampled under
foot or left behind. The first five hun
dred that came to Taormina, seemingl;.
unable to escape rain wherever they
might be. arrived at midnight in what
was very near a cloudburst, at a rail
way station two and a half miles from
town. A number of these preferred
to remain in the station untli da\
light. The remainder of some four
hundred climbed the steep footpath
leading to Taormina in utter dark
ness. drenched with the downpour ond
in great fear of the height to which
they were being taken. The old and
feeble were transported in carriages.
All of these who reached Taormina
tnat night were housed and given a
hot meal at once.
After the question of housing anc:
food came the problem of clothing, foi
most of the refugees had only t. e
Rothes in which they arrived, now
in woeful shape. Others who escape.!
in the night were half-clad. ^oca
committees for clothing the destitute
were quickly formed. Several thou
sand lire on materials for dresses 101
the women and children were expen
cfi. while the villas of the forester
(the non-resident winter \isitors
were searched for clothing for the
rien. ... f .
Tc assist in providing clothing 01
the refugee women which would en
able them to support themsel%es ant
their dependents, the American
Cross recently contributed to t
local Italian war committee the sum
of 2.500 lire with which to buy tne
wool and pay the refugee worker:, for
knitting socks and gloves for the Ita
iar. soldiers. This double relief work?
benefitting both the refugee and tne
soldier?-has proved very successful.
The contrast between their present
haven and the terrible experience
through which they have so recent y
passed with the loss of different mem
bers of their families, has brought the
stunts of the refugees nearly back to
normal. They hope by some means
or other to have rfews before long o
their' lost ones and in the mekntim?
they are living in one of the mctura
beauty spots of the world wi& *
chance to gain their living hy theu
own efforts. -
NEWS OF THE DAY.
America's enlarged military pro
gram contemplates the organization
and maintenance of ninety-eight di
visions of .'roops, of which eighty
are to be maintained in France" and
eighteen in this country. In other
words, on the basis of 40,000 men to
a division, the? force abroa.i would
reach the total of 8,200.000 and the
army at home would number 720,009,
the grand total be:ng nearly 4.
000,000 men. These figures wore
given to the Senate Military Affairs
Committee Wednesday by Gen. Peyton
C. March, the chieff of staff.
The small American unarmed
steamer Merak was shelled. torpedoed
and sunk by a German submarine
near the North Carolina coast Tues
day afternoon. Announcement of
the destruction of the ship?the thin!
sent down in ihat vicinity since last
Sunday?was made yesterday by tho
Navy Department. The Merak's crew
of 43 men got away in small boats
and were landed safely, 2.'! at Norfolk
and the remaining at Elizabeth Citv,
Norway's loss of 14 vessels in July
through German submarine ruthless
ness, the Norwegian legaticn hero
yesterday announced, brings Nor
way's total losses to 856 vessels,
aggregating 1,169,587 tons, since tho
beginning of tho war. In these sink
ings, 1,802 of Norway's seamen lost
On a wooden cross at the head of a
grave at the edge of a wood at Cham
ery, east of Fereen-Tardenois, is this
inscription: "Lieut. Quentin Roose
velt, buried by the Germans." The
grave was found by an American avi
ator. The inscription is in English.
The aaplication of the work-or-fight
rule in connection with the new draft
ages submitted tr> Congress is ex
pected to strip Washington of its
great army of men clerks between
the ages of 18 and 15. Only older
men, cripples and women will be left
at the desks of all departments and
branches of the government. Man
power to be released under this rule,
which will apply to all industry as
well as to government departments,
is expected to go into the essential
industries and thereby release for ac
tual military service in tha line the
men of the first draft age, 21 to 31,
who have been deferred classification
by virtue of being employed in essen
William I). Peters, 55, a railroad
carpenter, and once active in Repub
lican politics in the Cumberland, Md.,
district, committed suicide Wednesday
by sending a bullet through his heart
from a revolver. Peters ha i suffered
intensely from the heat, and it i
thought his mind became affected.
There is once yo.v an allied "East
ern front." The British war office
late yesterday issued an official state
ment on the fighting which followed
the landing of allied dctachmcnts at
Archangel. It shows that "the op
posing force supported by Germans"
has been driven back seventy miles
south of Archangel, which port is
firmly held by the allies. The charac
ter and nationality of the "opposing
force" is not defined by the official
Bulgaria is engaged in a peace of
fensive synchronizing with the Ger
man movement in the same direction,
according to Alexander Carapar.es.
former minister of foreign affairs of
Greece. She is playing particularly
upon the friendly sentiment existent,
at least in the past, in Great Britain
"The Store of Greater Service"
Washington, D. C.
Children's Body Waists, made of
prood quality material. Sizes
'i to 2 years. At 29c.
Children's Knickerbocker Draw
ers, made of good quality cam
bric, embroidery trimmed. Sizes
'1 to 10 year?. At 50c. 59c, 69c ?
Infants' Lon^ and Short Slips,
made of good quality nainsook
with neck an:l sleeves trim
med with lace or embroidery
odcr~. Sizes up to 2 years.
Children's Dressc-n, made of white
madras, in short waist line
models, with full skirts and
pockets. Sizes 2 to 6 years.
Children's Middy Blouses, of fine
quality Lonsdale jean, with
navy blue 3annel collars. Sizes
S to 20. Special at $2.25.
Childrens' Middy Skirts, of Lons- j
dale jean; full pleated with j
waist. Sizes 6 to 12 years at I
$1.50. Size 14, with or without
waist, at $1.95.
Children's Bloomers, of good
quality black sateen, full cut.
Sizes 4 to 10 years at $1.00.
Sizes 12 to 16 years at $1.25.
Women's and Misses' Smocks, of
white voile or white Lonsdale
jean, with colored smocking. |
Some have fancy collars. Spe- j
cial at $1.95.
Third Floor-;?Lansburg & Bro. I
and the United States he asserts.
Fire originating from the explosion
of a trench mortar shell yesterday de
stroyed five building?, blew lip two
powder magazines, exploded score? of
shells and did damage estimated at
$200,000, at the Westeren Cartridge
Company,,at East Alton. 111. The fire
was still burning at a late hour last
night, but is thought to be under con
The Navy Department last night
announced the sinkirtg by a German
submarine of the American steamer
Porpage off the coast of France.
Three members of the crew are re
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If you are sick and have tried
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try CHIROPRACTIC Spinal Ad
justments and get well.
Investigation costs nothing, and
may mean health to you.
721 King st. Alexandria, Va.
Mon., Wed., Fri.. Hours 1 to 1 p. m.
To the People of Alexandria
We are compelled to postpone the opening
of oar Alexandria Market
This postponement is caus
ed by delay in building
materials needed to com
plete our plant.
"W"e are doing all we can to
hurry tine work along,
and. "we will shortly an
nounce in the Gazette
the date of opening.
In the meantime we ask:
your indulgence, assur
ing you ot our sincere
regret ?f this delay.
OLD DUTCH MARKET
Owing to labor conditions it has become necessary during
the extreme hot weather we are now experiencing to appeal to
those who have conveyances to assist us by purchasing ICE at
our plant, thereby releasing- to those who have no means to con
vey ICE, or are unable to do so, such equipment as we are able
to operate with our limited labor supply.
There is no shortage of ICE in Alexandria, as we have an
abundant supply, but our service is below the standard owing to
labor conditions, and we earnestly request the co-operation of
lite Public that as little inconvenience as possible may be felt by
the citizens of Alexandria in general.
We also appeal for firemen, ice pullers and helpers for the op
eration of our plants, all of which are on the eight-hour basis and
good wages paid. ' :r/ r
mutual ice company
1 We are pleased to announce that we are now
located at 110 South Pitt Street, where we will give
all orders prompt attention. 1
' JOS. M. ARMSTRONG,
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