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THE ALEXANDRIA GAZETTE
Published every afternoon cxcept Sunday by the Alexandria Gazette Corporation Theodore Harris, President 317 King Street, Alexandria, Va. Entered at the Postaffice at Alexandria, Virginia, as seccnd cLjss matter FOREIGN REPRESENTATIVES Bryant, Griffith and Drunson, Peoples Gas Bhhr., Chicago, 225 Fifth Avenue, New York, 201 Devonshire St., Boston, 607 Grant Bldg , Atlanta, Ga. Our National Publicity Edition For several months past the Gazette has had in con templation the issuance of a mammoth edition that would be in a way commemorative of the new spirit that lias taken possession of our city, and at the same time adver tise to the world that Alexandria is at the very head and front of the line in the march for Progress. Our first thought was an edition of forty pages; but! as the work grew and the idea developed, we found that! the scope of the original plan must be enlarged, and when j we got ready to go before the public, we announced an edi- j tionj3f_forty-eight_pagesjmd_six thousand copies, to^be published on March 3ist. We have been compelled to in crease the number of pages to sixty-two, and still have had to reject several pages of advertising. The idea caught the fancy of the general public and their co-opera tion and support have been all that could be desired and j far more than was anticipated. To attempt to enumerate the names of those to whom j we are under a debt of gratitude would be to fill more space than this edition will allow. But we should make the endeavor, nevertheless, were it not for the fear that we might omit unintentionally, the name of some one who has unselfishly contributed his or her time to the success of the effort. This would be an injustice which could not be forgiven. So we are, perforce, obliged to content our selves with a general acknowledgment of our obligation to all the citizens of Alexandria. The preparation of an edition of sixty-two pages, as will readily be seen, would tax the powers of even a metro politan ^newspaper. But owing to "the"enthusiasm" and loyalty of our various staffs and departments, the regular daily editions of the Gazette have been gotten out on time, and the work on the National Publicity Edition has forged ahead with the regularity and precision of clock-work. The organization of the Gazette has performed what seemed at times the impossible! And we desire here to express our appreciation of the loyalty and unswerving fidelity with which every employee of this paper has ful filled his or her allotted task?and then some! They caught the infection in the air and did their duty cheer fully?all for a Greater Alexandria! The wrappers are already addressed to every Cham-j ber of Commerce and Business Men's Club in the United! States, in towns of more than ten thousand population. Wrappers have likewise been addressed to nearly a thou sand names comprising the populations of the rural dis tricts that are contiguous to Alexandria, and which by every law of business and social amity should be bound to this city by the strongest ties. It is safe to say that Alexandria will be to us adver tised to the world as she never has been in her history. That the effect will be felt for years to come and redound toJher immense benefit and future welfare. We can but repeat that we have been so kindly and gen erously treated by everybody that it would seem that Alexandria has literally turned itself loose in an en deavor to make the great edition of its century-and-a-half old newspaper a veritable and unmistakable triumph. The ALEXANDRIA GAZETTE is one hundred and thirty-eight years old?the oldest daily newspaper in the United States. It was the home paper of George Wash ington and many of that brilliant galaxy of world-re nowned Virginians who were his contemporaries and neighbors. Washington's office was within a stone's throw of che print-shop of the Gazette. It is well within the realm of conjecture to imagine that Editor Snowden often times dropped his composing-stick or his quill pen, wiped his hands on his apron, put on his hat, and hied his way to the nearby quarters of the great general and states man?his friend, his neighbor, and his idol?and imbibed new inspiration for the next day's issue,?pregnant with the news and the commentary obtained from him who was first in war, first in peace, and first in the hearts of his countrymen! With the illustrious memories and traditions of nigh a century-and-a-half to maintain, the Gazette is well aware of the heavy obligations thus placed upon it. If the wish be father to the thought; if the intent be everything?as the law hath it?then the Alexandria Gazette has high hopes that it may be deemed worthy of the new and greater Alexandria?which in turn, will likewise prove worthy of its own proud inheritance?the proudest known today among the cities of this great Republic! ! The Alexandria Hospital I j ? When one contemplates ieaving an 'old home home for a new one he nat ! nraliy thinks first of the climatic con I ditions in connection with the preser vation of his health and th.it of those dear to lum. Not only does he look for the conditions that lessen the cause of sickness, but also investigates the institutions which care for him 'on^e he ha sr lost his health. The Alexandria Hoapvca:, a hand some, modern brick edifice which is situated on Duke street between Washington and Coiumhus streets, had ils origin in an humble home ofj the city in the year 1S72. Miss Julia Johns first opened the | doers of the Alexandria Hospital in i the private home of I)r. Francis Mur- ' phy, which is still standing* on Duke ! street near Fairfax. Miss Johns was j the daughter of Bishop Johns and was the ideal woman to become the founder of such an institution. One writer has said of her, "She was rear ed in a Christian home by God-loving and Cod-fearing parents; she was by nature and ancestry, the embodi ment of all that was good and noble." The original medical staff of the Infirmary (as it was known) was made up of Dr. M. M. Lewis, Dr. R. C. Powell and Dr \Villiam Gibson. The small institution struggled along and at times it seemed mat this wormy scheme must be given up. After several years of the bitterest struggle it removed to a small house or. upper King street. Her? its arrairs oegan to brighten and several years later it was again removed to upper uuke street to the old Slave Pen. (An apartment house now marks the spot) in the Slave Pen quarters the medi cal staft was enlarged by the addition of Dr. George Klipstein and Dr. Wm. M. Smith. This was in 1881. In i8s-l the institution was moved into ine "Orphanage" and "Widows' Home" at W olie and Royal streets. These two buildings were given by me city to the hospital boaru, having practically no use lor either. A thiru i/unding was then erected by the dif ferent Circles of King's Daughters vvhJcu lormed a connecting iniK be tween tne two. 1 bus the hospital pro gressed. A lew years later xour more rooms were added to the annex, built :n memory of Miss Christine Mueller, a trained nurse. rl he real success of the hospital has been attributed to tne wonderful per sonnel oi noble women who have been connected with it 111 various stages uf ks evolution. Among tiiose whu stand out pre-eminently in its devel opment are .viiss Julia Johns, of whom mention has already been made. She served as president of the board of managers for eleven years. Then Miss Eliza Miller, a daughter of iiobert Miller, served for two years. She was followed by Miss Eliza Smith who gave twenty of her life, serving as president. Mrs. Mary G. Buothe followed Miss Smith, giving seventeen years of diiigent service in the oilice uf president of the board. Xot only is the success due to the etlorts of the board of managers, but there are many others who have given many weary hours of earnest en deavor toward the accomplishment of t.ieir purpose in the progress of the institution. Among those who stand ?mt promiently are Miss Alice Col quhoun, Miss Bessie Davidson, Mrs. ?"larjorie Adamson, Mrs. Rebecca Bal lenger, Miss Mitie Klipstein and Col onel A rtiiur Herbert. Mrs. Adamson established the Training School for -Nurses, equipped the hospital with a modern heating plant and furnished many other necessities of a modern . i;'. It was during her admin istration as matron that the status >! the in:/.iltition was changed from that of an infirmary to that of a hos pilal. In September of K'iG the corner .stone of the new building was laid, upon the land so generously donated by Edward L. Daintrerfieid, by Alex r.'.'i-Washington Lodge, Xo 22, of Mason;; ar.iu; scenes ui. pomp and sp! .".dcr. This lodge was escorted by I: .? ?.:<! Dominion Commandery of 'he Knights Templar. The trowel ; used in :hi.- ceremony was the same I one George Washington used in the i laying of the cornerstone of the Xat- ! ior.al Capitol. Two years later., or in the building was completed and the in stitution moved to its present quar ters. .Since that time the hospital has i grown wonderfully, and now has a ? .C'WpetC!:t stair composed of the best j of the city's physicians. It has a training s.hool for nurses; free j wards; a modern operating room; ah X-ray department; a modern!:* equipped laboratory for research work; and, in short, it has everything requisite for most efficient work. Alexandrians feel proud that with in the boundary of their city there is s'i"h an institution as the Alexan dria Hospital,' the sole duty of which is t > alleviate thr- distress < f suffer ing humanity. They are proud of the history of this indispcnsible institu tion which i-; hr*!.! in such hiyh es i-<by the entire community. C. 11Houston Government assures its future. It is an assurance^ and an ever standing invitation to see Alexandria first, be fore considering any other new loca llr.n. ALEXANDRIA AS A JOBBING CENTER Alexandria, v.'ith her wonderful fa cilities and natural advantages, stands out pre-cminentiy as an ideal location for a jobbing center. Every thing that is essential to the succoss of a jobbing business is to be found here; adequate railroad and water transportation, excellent banking fa cilities. available business sites, mod erate rents, abundant supply of labor, b.ith skilled and unskilled; healthful c'imate, well governed city, a live Chamber of Commerce, and a con structive and progressive newspaper. Situated on the Potomac River, seven miles south of Washington, D. C., and midway between the North and South. Alexandria is recognized ; as the "Actual Gateway to the South," ; and is therefore the logical distribu-, ting point for this groat territory. No other city is more advantageously "lo cated to take care of a business of this character. Alexandria, has exceptional trans- j portation facilities, both rail and water, and they atford quick access ! to all markets. Being located on the j rails of the Richmond Fredericksburg j and Potomac R. R., the Southern j ltailway, and the Washington & Old , Dominion R. R., and having throuyh; these lines direct connection and j through billing arrangements with the j Baltimore and Ohio R. R., Pennsyl- ' vania R. R., Atlantic Coast Line R. R., Seaboard Air Line R. R. Chesapeake and Ohio R. R., and Norfolk & West ern R. R., she is enabled to olfer un- , excelled transportation service to all sections of the country, North, East, South, and West. Thus the jobber is j given an unlimited field for his oper-. aliens and activities. Alexandria is connected with Wash- j ington and Mt. Vernon, by the Wash- j ington & Virginia R. R. Co. Eighty-' eight passengers trains from all parts ] of the United States arrive and depart daily. Because of this facility, the j customer and jobber are at each oth- j er's door and personal contact always : conducive to business understanding,! is easily accomplished. Alexandria has five Steamship lines in operation, and they reach to all points on the Potomac River, and as far as Norfolk, Va., and Baltimore, Md. These lines, in turn, connect with Steamship >,ines that traverse the entire Atlantic Seaboard, and extend ; to foreign markets. The Potomas River at Alexandria is one mile wide, with a channel one half mile wide, varying in depth from 20 to; 39 feet. The harbor is one and one | half miles in length, and of suffic- j icnt depth to dock any vessel that j may ply the river. It drains a rich territory and opens up a fertile field! to the Alexandria Jobber. The traffic rates compare favorably with competitive points, and in some j instances are lower, and thus the local jobber is given this economic advan tagc. J To take care of the enormous traf fic handled by the various railroads,' entering Alexandria* ihe Potomac , Freight Yards were built at a cost' t)f over $2,000,000,. These are ihe, largest classification yards in the: United States. They contain sixty miles of tracks arid have a capacity of forty thousand cars with a daily: movement of over three thousand car." through the yards. Alexandria has three National ' Banks and one private bank, with re sources of $7,500,000.00. No worthy | enterprise need hesitate to locate here ; on account of any lack of banking j l.'aciiities. The bankfc have ample j capital to take rare of all legitimate j business demands and are most liber al in their accommodations. Alexandria is ideally located for a j jobber, from the standpoint of pur-. chasing supplies. Situated near the-1 great manufacturing centers from1 whence supplies are drawn, he if . assured of a prompt arrival ot goods, and a moderate freight rats., thereby having a riccided advantage, over competitors who are locate i at remote points. Good business sites with side tracks at convenient points, (where tiio mer chants products can be handled econ omically by raii 7and water,) arc available and at a moderate cost. Thua, it can be seen that Alexandria with her fine railroads and water iac iiitic", exceptional banking advan tages, available business sites, low j cost ot doing business and admira ble i'it ation, offers advantages to the jobber equaled by bu: few cities ir. the United States. Cha ries T. Xieholson. A email self inking steel cutting wheel attachment to the fountain pen, i which, when drawn across the filled i;i amount, perforates the paper ar.d eatyrates the perforation with ed ink, is the newest form of check protector. i German interests have constructed the fi >:t paper pulp mill in South A ??!< ;?.. !t produces five tons daily and !>: located in the Gran Chaco ter ritory, COi) mile.; from Buenos Aires. Notice to Subscribers We suggest io all subscribers that they carefully pre serve their copies of today's Gazette, as the outlook rur?v is that they will be in demand for some weeks to come. The Gazette has already fixed a price of five cents per copy, , and tvlien its supply is exhausted, may be able to place sev I cral hundred copies at this figure. I THE ALEXANDRIA GAZETTE. THE UNITED DAUGHTERS | OF THE CONFEDERACY (BY A. R. D.) North, South, East and West, wuiuen were making history in tno nineties. Looking backward from these days of equal suffrage and po litical freedom, it is hard to realize ; Uuw gvcui. a step forward was taKen ; wnen tne women of the country joined : hands to form the national societies which arc today so great a factor in political as well as social lite. lhe National Society of the Daugh ters oi the American Revolution was lounaod in 1S91, and just a few years later, in 1895, Southern woiiien, real izmg the crying need for some organi zation to perpetuate the memory of the men and women who had given tneir lives and fortunes to the cause of the South, formed the National Daughters of the Confederacy, which today spreads from ocean to ocean, with powerful chapters north of Ma son and Dixon's line and a national president who, though a Louisianian by birth, is a resident of Ne\y York City. It is interesting to note at this time the lapse of years between the revolu tionary war and even between the war between the States, and formation of' the great societies which perpetuate their deeds and memories. The world war was only yesterday's problem; to day we are still under its shadow, and yet the American Legion Auxil iary is fully established, numbering representative women from the entire country in its membership, and al ready doing constructive work in aid ing the returned soldier to make the most of his possibilities and to estab lish himself in the face of existing con ditions. The Daughters of the Confederacy j in Alexandria were among the very j first to organize themselves into a; chapter, and the Mary Custis Lee , Chapter, National Daughters of the Confederacy, stood seventh in the Vir ginia division, as well as seventh in the national organization. This cov eted place in the list of chapters is held to the present day, and the pres ent flourishing local chapter, Mary Custis Lec-17tn Virginia Regiment Chapter, was allowed the unusual j privilege, by the National Society, of retaining the number which gives en-} viable precedence in all National and j State conventions. The Mary Custis Loc Chapter, Na-; tional aDughters of the Confederacy,; was organized on February 14, 18Jo, at the home of Mrs. Philip 1- 1 oat man. Thd following officers were , e'ected by the newly formed .-hapten President, Mrs. Philip T. boatman, vice president, Miss Mary Lee L.oyd; secretary. Mrs. Hubert C. Powell; treasurer, Mrs. Eleanor Wasninglon Howard; corresponding secretary,; Mrs. John R-.bort Zimmerman. The First Division was organized ' in Alexandria in the same year, at the home of Mrs. Dabney Herndon, electing as its first president Miss Mary Amelia Smith, of War ronton, Virginia, ihe daughter of ex-Governor ; Smith, of Virginia. . The Children of the Confederacy, in , Alexandria, were organized as a, chapter by Mrs. D* H: .Ajiptch, in a! larjre and enthusiastic meeting a?, nei , home on Kin? street, and the name , "Arthur Herbert Chapter" was adopt ed by unanimous consent The almost priceless minutes of the Mary Custis I.ea Chapter is neaoed as follows: "Mary Custis Lee Chap, ter, United Daughters of the Confed eracy. Organized, February 1:. 1 at No. 220 North Washington street,1 Alexandria, Virginia. Permanent organization, May 23, lX9r?. N^ona! ; Charter, No. 7, dated April li, Received from Nashville, rennes;:ec,, April 2o, lSOo." J. E. Alexander was also secretary lor two terms and tre^v/er for two : terms of the Virginia division. Mrs .-.lexanuer serves the Virginia <!i Vision toaay in the position or custo ' uian of crosses, and during her term o.'lice hundreds of the coveted crosses of honor have been tsstowed upon Confederate Veterans and Sons ; 21 Veterans. The early meetings of the Mary Custis Leu Chapter were held in tne trading rooms of the Y. M. C .A. building, which stood upon the lot novv occupied by tlie Richmond The ater, n ivmg street. Shortly after the organization of the tirst chapter, the i7th Virginia Kogiment Chapter was organized, am! i for many years carried on a wonder j ful work ir. the city and in liie Yn 'g.nia division, under the able leader j snip of Mrs. L. Wilbur Reid. At the present time the two chap ters have united, keeping both chapter names and having a united member ship which makes the lo.al chapter . one of the most influential in the di vision. This union was accomplished at the request of E. E. Lee Camp of Confederate Veterans, in order that 1 members might apply for a certifi cate of incorporation entitling them io ho!:l property in Virginia. The cer tificate has been received, and the Camp of Confederate Veterans has turned over to the local Daughters of the Confederacy its beautiful home on Prince street, familiarly known as Lee Camp Hall. The- chapter is not unmindful of the honor conferred upon it and is act ively engaged in restoring the build ing and in equipping it in such a way that it will be a desirable meeting place for women's clubs, for card parties, music-ales, lectures and sup pers. A complete set of china in at tractive pattern, with silver and glassware, has been purchased and in i"te36iace January. Card tables have been bought and may be rented by persons using the building for enter-; tainments. The local chapter is in a flourishing condition financially, and at each meeting new names are presented for membership, showing an increased interest in the work of the societyj and appreciation of the ideals for which it stands. The Lee Mausoleum Fund is an im portant part of the work of this chap ter, as also the Janet Randolph Fund for the relief of needy Confederate women. These two causes, in audi- i tion to the scholarship in memory of ? Matthew Fontaine Maury, and the support of the Confederate Soldiers' Home, in Richmond, engage the atten tion of Alexandria's Daughters of the Confederacy, who respond with on-i thusiasm to the demands made upon them. The first work of the Daughters of i the Confederacy of this city, in lSfifi, , was to send an Alexandrian to the ( Soldiers' Home in Richmond. Since that time the Confederate soldier and the needy women of the Confederacy have been upon the hearts of Hie women of Alexandria, who have worked unceasingly in their behalf and who have accomplished results far. beyond the power of this article to express. WASHLXGTOX AS A SUHVKYOIl Every school boy and jyfirl, oi! course, is carel'ully taught that George Washington, before he cultivated rev olutionary tendencies and undertook a career us father of his country, was a surveyor. The fact is prominently mentioned in every school textbook oi' importance, and some even go so far as to show woodcuts of the youth ful George at work on i he job. No historian, however, has thought to introduce in a school textbook any es tin:ate of Washington's ability as a surveyor and maprnaker, and as a consequent.::! the posibsiiiiy that he nii.";itt in normal times have become a member of a useful but r.ot spectac ular profession is rather lost to view. It v.as back in 17 a7 ".ha", Washing ton's parents *. ?? confronted by the necessity >;.* picking cut a suitable profession for the young man. :Ic might have become a midshipman in the king's navy, but outside the mili tary establishments there were not many considered suitable ????? a gentleman of one of the first families of Virginia. By :: process of elimina tion, the career ox surveyor was event ually chosen for him. There was ample opportunity, whole continent remained to be sur veyed, and moreover, fate, which later destined George U ashingtoii for quite dull-! nt servk-to his coun try man those which he rendered with rod and chain., turned the experience to account, : :ncc it gave him the knowledge of tonography s.'j e.sesntial to the conduct oi military operations. About j i ? i George \\ ashingtoii, then only 15 years old, had completed a survey of 3iount Vernon, the first of many he made of the beautiful < ??ate. He also surveyed and mapped Alex andria in the early years of his prac tice ox the profession. Washington's great interest in the welfare of Alex andria, which was the nearest place of importance to Mount Vernon, was practically his home town, and the ability he demonstrate i a- a map maker, shown by many maps w. >h 1: .<?(. re' ently come to light, lend cre dence lo the interesting theory that he may have had quite a much to do with th< designing of the National Capital as did tiie groat I/Kr.fant. A number of maps drav. n by, Washing ton arc e::tant, most of them in the Library of Congress. The war against the French and Indians, however, interrupted Wash ington's professional career, and in accordance with a proclamation by Governor Dinwiddio, he filed, after the completion of his military service, claims for < ? rtair. tracts oi land which were offered those persons who had served efficiently during tin war. Later he acquired the holdings of a number of other officers, and eventu ally became a great landholder. Orders from the Orient mak- up the hulk of electrical exports, which now aggregate an approximate monthly total of $5,000,000. i VIRGINIA LAWS FAVORABLE TO CORPORATIONS The incorporation laws r,f the State of Virginia arc broad and liberal, and - company can be incorporated under the laws for any purpose, the law be . in- divided under four headings: Private business corporations. ?J. Railroad corporations. 3. Public Service corporations otner than railroads. 4. Corporations m which no stock is iv> be issued, such as colleges, fra ternal organisations, ctc. The cosl oi incorporating under the laws ot Virginia compares favorably with vrte cost in any other state, as ;:o the annual taxes. Under tne Virginia incorporation "law all classes ol sto.:K may be issued, according to the wishes oi the incor porators, that is, preferred or com mon, voting or non-voting stock, cum unuivc stock, and stock with or with out par value. The "r.o par value stock" is looked upon by many people as being the best kind of stock, as it represents simply a proportionate interest in the corporation irrespective of the accum ulation of a surplus or the occurence ci* a deficit. Under the Virginia law it is not necessary for the Directors of an or dinary business corporation to be stockholders, and this is regarded by many people as being a good feature of our law. The capital stock of a Virginia cor poration may be issued for money, leases, options, real estate, personal property, or services, and stock can be issued fully paid and non-assessa ble to those who have complied with the terms of their stock subscription agreement, even though the amount agreed to be paid is less than the par value of the stock, provided the state ment as to the issue of :-tock shall be liled with the State Corporation Com mission before the stock is actually issued.?Gardner L. Boothc. A L E X A N D R1A L U M '3 E R BUSINESS The lumber business in Alexandria ['.as been and now is a very important urn*. The many railroads entering in7.i Alexandria makes it a point to which materials from any section of the country can be shipped direct, and then too the city being located on the Potomac River, enables the shippers in the river to get their lumber ship ped by vessels at a low rate of freight. Both of the above statements can be reversed in that it enables the dealers 'C Alexandria to ship their lumber oid in ill work to the different sections jl Virginia, and Maryland. The lumber business has grown considerably in the last 10 or lo years, ind the present season promises to be i very busy one. In former years a onsidlrabie quanity of lumber was wrought into Alexandria by sailing rcsscls; but, the improved railway [unities has changed that and move ,han three fourths ol the lumber re vived and shipped, is moved by rail roads. , . Large stocks of manufactured and "ough lumber are now in the yards of he retail dealers, for spring business ;iui almost any order received can be lelivered at short notice. Where qualities are considered, ilong with pricv-s, there is no doubt nit that Llit.* merchants of Alexandria .vouid win out in every case. Large quanitics of lumber and mill A-ork are "used by the contractors and guilders, which is furnished by the ieaicrs. Then, too, there are several dants which use a great deal ??f lum jyr in their bu-incs.s which is bougat iircct from the manufacturers in the ^?rth. !l would be hard t<> tell accu rate:;/ the number of feet of lumber .'.sod in and around Alexandria, .a., in a year, for much of it i;-' used in fj-ictories as strved ab:>ve and this )f course does not pass through the *ivaL'r~ har.d.' a', all.?-J"/.vc- hw.jlh. OLD BAPTIZIXC COVE At the southeastern section of Al exandria is u high hill, overlooking the Potomac River, which; during the ? i - ii v. ;;r, was i.'ortiiii- i and known as ''jjai^ry liogsrs. It w .s one cf forts erected for the defense of Washington city ;.;:i was named for Admiral I'ogers, of the L'nit'jd Stales navy. At the base of this hill the river formed a cove which ex tended from Agnew's i.hipyard to Jones Point lighthouse. Forty years a^o the depth of water varied from 1 v.i/ feet just offshore to about eight feet at the channel bank. Because of th ? hallow depth of water and the advantage offered by the nearby hi!i as a vi'.. "/point, this covc was for many years used by the coiored pop ulation for baptismal purposes. When religious ceremonies were not '-oin;.; held the cove ?a.s a favorite bathing spot for white boys in sum mer, and in the winter its frozen ..urtace was covered with skaters. Many of the -in:; of the colored pro* ? >!e whi h had been washed away by v. " " ab: orbed by the bather.-., who ? -< n'.uaiiy became, in th- opin ion of those who lived nearby, an othcr "white man's burden." Only colored per-ons were baptized in the rove, but a large majority of the ..pcnai irs were of the opposite race, :;rac'.ed to the scene by the novelty of the event. Gra luaily the cove filled up, and a few years ago, when it became nec ' . .aiy to dredge the channel of the river, the material pumped from th^ ? hannel was deposited behind the bulwark erected to inclose "old bap tismal rove." These $ver deposits eventually became solid land, then became a source of litigation be tween the United States Govern r.vnt and owners of the property ad joining or the wrvt, who claimed v'nafc they were bein^ deprived of their iir.pariari rights, and finally, the case having been decided in favor of the Government, passed into the po: - scsrion of the Virginia Shipbuilding cdi uoration. (Fred ?/. D>rrci\.) Cicken.-; are now mad- immune from chickenpox by vaccination.