THE ALEXANDRIA GAZETTE
Published every afternoon cxcept Sunday by the
Alexandria Gazette Corporation
Theodore Harris, President
317 King Street, Alexandria, Va.
Entered at the Postaffice at Alexandria, Virginia, as seccnd cLjss matter
Bryant, Griffith and Drunson, Peoples Gas Bhhr., Chicago,
225 Fifth Avenue, New York, 201 Devonshire St., Boston,
607 Grant Bldg , Atlanta, Ga.
Our National Publicity Edition
For several months past the Gazette has had in con
templation the issuance of a mammoth edition that would
be in a way commemorative of the new spirit that lias
taken possession of our city, and at the same time adver
tise to the world that Alexandria is at the very head and
front of the line in the march for Progress.
Our first thought was an edition of forty pages; but!
as the work grew and the idea developed, we found that!
the scope of the original plan must be enlarged, and when j
we got ready to go before the public, we announced an edi- j
tionj3f_forty-eight_pagesjmd_six thousand copies, to^be
published on March 3ist. We have been compelled to in
crease the number of pages to sixty-two, and still have
had to reject several pages of advertising. The idea
caught the fancy of the general public and their co-opera
tion and support have been all that could be desired and j
far more than was anticipated.
To attempt to enumerate the names of those to whom j
we are under a debt of gratitude would be to fill more
space than this edition will allow. But we should make
the endeavor, nevertheless, were it not for the fear that
we might omit unintentionally, the name of some one who
has unselfishly contributed his or her time to the success
of the effort. This would be an injustice which could not
be forgiven. So we are, perforce, obliged to content our
selves with a general acknowledgment of our obligation
to all the citizens of Alexandria.
The preparation of an edition of sixty-two pages, as
will readily be seen, would tax the powers of even a metro
politan ^newspaper. But owing to "the"enthusiasm" and
loyalty of our various staffs and departments, the regular
daily editions of the Gazette have been gotten out on time,
and the work on the National Publicity Edition has forged
ahead with the regularity and precision of clock-work.
The organization of the Gazette has performed what
seemed at times the impossible! And we desire here to
express our appreciation of the loyalty and unswerving
fidelity with which every employee of this paper has ful
filled his or her allotted task?and then some! They
caught the infection in the air and did their duty cheer
fully?all for a Greater Alexandria!
The wrappers are already addressed to every Cham-j
ber of Commerce and Business Men's Club in the United!
States, in towns of more than ten thousand population.
Wrappers have likewise been addressed to nearly a thou
sand names comprising the populations of the rural dis
tricts that are contiguous to Alexandria, and which by
every law of business and social amity should be bound to
this city by the strongest ties.
It is safe to say that Alexandria will be to us adver
tised to the world as she never has been in her history.
That the effect will be felt for years to come and redound
toJher immense benefit and future welfare.
We can but repeat that we have been so kindly and gen
erously treated by everybody that it would seem that
Alexandria has literally turned itself loose in an en
deavor to make the great edition of its century-and-a-half
old newspaper a veritable and unmistakable triumph.
The ALEXANDRIA GAZETTE is one hundred and
thirty-eight years old?the oldest daily newspaper in the
United States. It was the home paper of George Wash
ington and many of that brilliant galaxy of world-re
nowned Virginians who were his contemporaries and
neighbors. Washington's office was within a stone's
throw of che print-shop of the Gazette. It is well within
the realm of conjecture to imagine that Editor Snowden
often times dropped his composing-stick or his quill pen,
wiped his hands on his apron, put on his hat, and hied his
way to the nearby quarters of the great general and states
man?his friend, his neighbor, and his idol?and imbibed
new inspiration for the next day's issue,?pregnant with
the news and the commentary obtained from him who was
first in war, first in peace, and first in the hearts of his
With the illustrious memories and traditions of nigh a
century-and-a-half to maintain, the Gazette is well aware
of the heavy obligations thus placed upon it. If the wish
be father to the thought; if the intent be everything?as
the law hath it?then the Alexandria Gazette has high
hopes that it may be deemed worthy of the new and greater
Alexandria?which in turn, will likewise prove worthy of
its own proud inheritance?the proudest known today
among the cities of this great Republic!
! The Alexandria Hospital
? When one contemplates ieaving an
'old home home for a new one he nat
! nraliy thinks first of the climatic con
I ditions in connection with the preser
vation of his health and th.it of those
dear to lum. Not only does he look
for the conditions that lessen the
cause of sickness, but also investigates
the institutions which care for him
'on^e he ha sr lost his health.
The Alexandria Hoapvca:, a hand
some, modern brick edifice which is
situated on Duke street between
Washington and Coiumhus streets,
had ils origin in an humble home ofj
the city in the year 1S72.
Miss Julia Johns first opened the |
doers of the Alexandria Hospital in i
the private home of I)r. Francis Mur- '
phy, which is still standing* on Duke !
street near Fairfax. Miss Johns was j
the daughter of Bishop Johns and
was the ideal woman to become the
founder of such an institution. One
writer has said of her, "She was rear
ed in a Christian home by God-loving
and Cod-fearing parents; she was
by nature and ancestry, the embodi
ment of all that was good and noble."
The original medical staff of the
Infirmary (as it was known) was
made up of Dr. M. M. Lewis, Dr. R. C.
Powell and Dr \Villiam Gibson.
The small institution struggled
along and at times it seemed mat this
wormy scheme must be given up.
After several years of the bitterest
struggle it removed to a small house
or. upper King street. Her? its arrairs
oegan to brighten and several years
later it was again removed to upper
uuke street to the old Slave Pen. (An
apartment house now marks the spot)
in the Slave Pen quarters the medi
cal staft was enlarged by the addition
of Dr. George Klipstein and Dr. Wm.
M. Smith. This was in 1881.
In i8s-l the institution was moved
into ine "Orphanage" and "Widows'
Home" at W olie and Royal streets.
These two buildings were given by
me city to the hospital boaru, having
practically no use lor either. A thiru
i/unding was then erected by the dif
ferent Circles of King's Daughters
vvhJcu lormed a connecting iniK be
tween tne two. 1 bus the hospital pro
gressed. A lew years later xour more
rooms were added to the annex, built
:n memory of Miss Christine Mueller,
a trained nurse.
rl he real success of the hospital has
been attributed to tne wonderful per
sonnel oi noble women who have been
connected with it 111 various stages uf
ks evolution. Among tiiose whu
stand out pre-eminently in its devel
opment are .viiss Julia Johns, of whom
mention has already been made.
She served as president of the board
of managers for eleven years. Then
Miss Eliza Miller, a daughter of
iiobert Miller, served for two years.
She was followed by Miss Eliza Smith
who gave twenty of her life, serving
as president. Mrs. Mary G. Buothe
followed Miss Smith, giving seventeen
years of diiigent service in the oilice
uf president of the board.
Xot only is the success due to the
etlorts of the board of managers, but
there are many others who have given
many weary hours of earnest en
deavor toward the accomplishment of
t.ieir purpose in the progress of the
institution. Among those who stand
?mt promiently are Miss Alice Col
quhoun, Miss Bessie Davidson, Mrs.
?"larjorie Adamson, Mrs. Rebecca Bal
lenger, Miss Mitie Klipstein and Col
onel A rtiiur Herbert. Mrs. Adamson
established the Training School for
-Nurses, equipped the hospital with a
modern heating plant and furnished
many other necessities of a modern
. i;'. It was during her admin
istration as matron that the status
>! the in:/.iltition was changed from
that of an infirmary to that of a hos
In September of K'iG the corner
.stone of the new building was laid,
upon the land so generously donated
by Edward L. Daintrerfieid, by Alex
r.'.'i-Washington Lodge, Xo 22, of
Mason;; ar.iu; scenes ui. pomp and
sp! .".dcr. This lodge was escorted
by I: .? ?.:<! Dominion Commandery of
'he Knights Templar. The trowel ;
used in :hi.- ceremony was the same I
one George Washington used in the i
laying of the cornerstone of the Xat- !
Two years later., or in the
building was completed and the in
stitution moved to its present quar
ters. .Since that time the hospital has i
grown wonderfully, and now has a ?
.C'WpetC!:t stair composed of the best j
of the city's physicians. It has a
training s.hool for nurses; free j
wards; a modern operating room;
ah X-ray department; a modern!:*
equipped laboratory for research
work; and, in short, it has everything
requisite for most efficient work.
Alexandrians feel proud that with
in the boundary of their city there
is s'i"h an institution as the Alexan
dria Hospital,' the sole duty of which
is t > alleviate thr- distress < f suffer
ing humanity. They are proud of the
history of this indispcnsible institu
tion which i-; hr*!.! in such hiyh es
i-<by the entire community.
Government assures its future. It is
an assurance^ and an ever standing
invitation to see Alexandria first, be
fore considering any other new loca
ALEXANDRIA AS A
Alexandria, v.'ith her wonderful fa
cilities and natural advantages,
stands out pre-cminentiy as an ideal
location for a jobbing center. Every
thing that is essential to the succoss
of a jobbing business is to be found
here; adequate railroad and water
transportation, excellent banking fa
cilities. available business sites, mod
erate rents, abundant supply of labor,
b.ith skilled and unskilled; healthful
c'imate, well governed city, a live
Chamber of Commerce, and a con
structive and progressive newspaper.
Situated on the Potomac River,
seven miles south of Washington, D.
C., and midway between the North
and South. Alexandria is recognized ;
as the "Actual Gateway to the South," ;
and is therefore the logical distribu-,
ting point for this groat territory. No
other city is more advantageously "lo
cated to take care of a business of this
Alexandria, has exceptional trans- j
portation facilities, both rail and
water, and they atford quick access !
to all markets. Being located on the j
rails of the Richmond Fredericksburg j
and Potomac R. R., the Southern j
ltailway, and the Washington & Old ,
Dominion R. R., and having throuyh;
these lines direct connection and j
through billing arrangements with the j
Baltimore and Ohio R. R., Pennsyl- '
vania R. R., Atlantic Coast Line R. R.,
Seaboard Air Line R. R. Chesapeake
and Ohio R. R., and Norfolk & West
ern R. R., she is enabled to olfer un- ,
excelled transportation service to all
sections of the country, North, East,
South, and West. Thus the jobber is j
given an unlimited field for his oper-.
aliens and activities.
Alexandria is connected with Wash- j
ington and Mt. Vernon, by the Wash- j
ington & Virginia R. R. Co. Eighty-'
eight passengers trains from all parts ]
of the United States arrive and depart
daily. Because of this facility, the j
customer and jobber are at each oth- j
er's door and personal contact always :
conducive to business understanding,!
is easily accomplished.
Alexandria has five Steamship lines
in operation, and they reach to all
points on the Potomac River, and as
far as Norfolk, Va., and Baltimore,
Md. These lines, in turn, connect
with Steamship >,ines that traverse the
entire Atlantic Seaboard, and extend ;
to foreign markets. The Potomas
River at Alexandria is one mile
wide, with a channel one half mile
wide, varying in depth from 20 to;
39 feet. The harbor is one and one |
half miles in length, and of suffic- j
icnt depth to dock any vessel that j
may ply the river. It drains a rich
territory and opens up a fertile field!
to the Alexandria Jobber.
The traffic rates compare favorably
with competitive points, and in some j
instances are lower, and thus the local
jobber is given this economic advan
To take care of the enormous traf
fic handled by the various railroads,'
entering Alexandria* ihe Potomac ,
Freight Yards were built at a cost'
t)f over $2,000,000,. These are ihe,
largest classification yards in the:
United States. They contain sixty
miles of tracks arid have a capacity
of forty thousand cars with a daily:
movement of over three thousand
car." through the yards.
Alexandria has three National '
Banks and one private bank, with re
sources of $7,500,000.00. No worthy |
enterprise need hesitate to locate here ;
on account of any lack of banking j
l.'aciiities. The bankfc have ample j
capital to take rare of all legitimate j
business demands and are most liber
al in their accommodations.
Alexandria is ideally located for a j
jobber, from the standpoint of pur-.
chasing supplies. Situated near the-1
great manufacturing centers from1
whence supplies are drawn, he if .
assured of a prompt arrival ot
goods, and a moderate freight rats.,
thereby having a riccided advantage,
over competitors who are locate i at
Good business sites with side tracks
at convenient points, (where tiio mer
chants products can be handled econ
omically by raii 7and water,) arc
available and at a moderate cost.
Thua, it can be seen that Alexandria
with her fine railroads and water iac
iiitic", exceptional banking advan
tages, available business sites, low j
cost ot doing business and admira
ble i'it ation, offers advantages to the
jobber equaled by bu: few cities ir.
the United States.
Cha ries T. Xieholson.
A email self inking steel cutting
wheel attachment to the fountain pen, i
which, when drawn across the filled
i;i amount, perforates the paper ar.d
eatyrates the perforation with ed ink,
is the newest form of check protector.
German interests have constructed
the fi >:t paper pulp mill in South
A ??!< ;?.. !t produces five tons daily
and !>: located in the Gran Chaco ter
ritory, COi) mile.; from Buenos Aires.
Notice to Subscribers
We suggest io all subscribers that they carefully pre
serve their copies of today's Gazette, as the outlook rur?v is
that they will be in demand for some weeks to come. The
Gazette has already fixed a price of five cents per copy,
, and tvlien its supply is exhausted, may be able to place sev
I cral hundred copies at this figure.
THE ALEXANDRIA GAZETTE.
THE UNITED DAUGHTERS
| OF THE CONFEDERACY
(BY A. R. D.)
North, South, East and West,
wuiuen were making history in tno
nineties. Looking backward from
these days of equal suffrage and po
litical freedom, it is hard to realize
; Uuw gvcui. a step forward was taKen
; wnen tne women of the country joined
: hands to form the national societies
which arc today so great a factor in
political as well as social lite.
lhe National Society of the Daugh
ters oi the American Revolution was
lounaod in 1S91, and just a few years
later, in 1895, Southern woiiien, real
izmg the crying need for some organi
zation to perpetuate the memory of
the men and women who had given
tneir lives and fortunes to the cause of
the South, formed the National
Daughters of the Confederacy, which
today spreads from ocean to ocean,
with powerful chapters north of Ma
son and Dixon's line and a national
president who, though a Louisianian
by birth, is a resident of Ne\y York
It is interesting to note at this time
the lapse of years between the revolu
tionary war and even between the war
between the States, and formation of'
the great societies which perpetuate
their deeds and memories. The world
war was only yesterday's problem; to
day we are still under its shadow,
and yet the American Legion Auxil
iary is fully established, numbering
representative women from the entire
country in its membership, and al
ready doing constructive work in aid
ing the returned soldier to make the
most of his possibilities and to estab
lish himself in the face of existing con
The Daughters of the Confederacy j
in Alexandria were among the very j
first to organize themselves into a;
chapter, and the Mary Custis Lee ,
Chapter, National Daughters of the
Confederacy, stood seventh in the Vir
ginia division, as well as seventh in
the national organization. This cov
eted place in the list of chapters is
held to the present day, and the pres
ent flourishing local chapter, Mary
Custis Lec-17tn Virginia Regiment
Chapter, was allowed the unusual j
privilege, by the National Society, of
retaining the number which gives en-}
viable precedence in all National and j
The Mary Custis Loc Chapter, Na-;
tional aDughters of the Confederacy,;
was organized on February 14, 18Jo,
at the home of Mrs. Philip 1- 1 oat
man. Thd following officers were ,
e'ected by the newly formed .-hapten
President, Mrs. Philip T. boatman,
vice president, Miss Mary Lee L.oyd;
secretary. Mrs. Hubert C. Powell;
treasurer, Mrs. Eleanor Wasninglon
Howard; corresponding secretary,;
Mrs. John R-.bort Zimmerman.
The First Division was organized '
in Alexandria in the same year, at
the home of Mrs. Dabney Herndon,
electing as its first president Miss
Mary Amelia Smith, of War ronton,
Virginia, ihe daughter of ex-Governor ;
Smith, of Virginia. .
The Children of the Confederacy, in ,
Alexandria, were organized as a,
chapter by Mrs. D* H: .Ajiptch, in a!
larjre and enthusiastic meeting a?, nei ,
home on Kin? street, and the name ,
"Arthur Herbert Chapter" was adopt
ed by unanimous consent
The almost priceless minutes of the
Mary Custis I.ea Chapter is neaoed
as follows: "Mary Custis Lee Chap,
ter, United Daughters of the Confed
eracy. Organized, February 1:. 1
at No. 220 North Washington street,1
Alexandria, Virginia. Permanent
organization, May 23, lX9r?. N^ona! ;
Charter, No. 7, dated April li,
Received from Nashville, rennes;:ec,,
April 2o, lSOo."
J. E. Alexander was also secretary
lor two terms and tre^v/er for two
: terms of the Virginia division. Mrs
.-.lexanuer serves the Virginia <!i
Vision toaay in the position or custo
' uian of crosses, and during her term
o.'lice hundreds of the coveted
crosses of honor have been tsstowed
upon Confederate Veterans and Sons
; 21 Veterans.
The early meetings of the Mary
Custis Leu Chapter were held in tne
trading rooms of the Y. M. C .A.
building, which stood upon the lot
novv occupied by tlie Richmond The
ater, n ivmg street.
Shortly after the organization of
the tirst chapter, the i7th Virginia
Kogiment Chapter was organized, am!
i for many years carried on a wonder
j ful work ir. the city and in liie Yn
'g.nia division, under the able leader
j snip of Mrs. L. Wilbur Reid.
At the present time the two chap
ters have united, keeping both chapter
names and having a united member
ship which makes the lo.al chapter
. one of the most influential in the di
vision. This union was accomplished
at the request of E. E. Lee Camp of
Confederate Veterans, in order that 1
members might apply for a certifi
cate of incorporation entitling them
io ho!:l property in Virginia. The cer
tificate has been received, and the
Camp of Confederate Veterans has
turned over to the local Daughters of
the Confederacy its beautiful home on
Prince street, familiarly known as
Lee Camp Hall.
The- chapter is not unmindful of the
honor conferred upon it and is act
ively engaged in restoring the build
ing and in equipping it in such a way
that it will be a desirable meeting
place for women's clubs, for card
parties, music-ales, lectures and sup
pers. A complete set of china in at
tractive pattern, with silver and
glassware, has been purchased and in
i"te36iace January. Card tables have
been bought and may be rented by
persons using the building for enter-;
The local chapter is in a flourishing
condition financially, and at each
meeting new names are presented
for membership, showing an increased
interest in the work of the societyj
and appreciation of the ideals for
which it stands.
The Lee Mausoleum Fund is an im
portant part of the work of this chap
ter, as also the Janet Randolph Fund
for the relief of needy Confederate
women. These two causes, in audi- i
tion to the scholarship in memory of ?
Matthew Fontaine Maury, and the
support of the Confederate Soldiers'
Home, in Richmond, engage the atten
tion of Alexandria's Daughters of the
Confederacy, who respond with on-i
thusiasm to the demands made upon
The first work of the Daughters of i
the Confederacy of this city, in lSfifi, ,
was to send an Alexandrian to the (
Soldiers' Home in Richmond. Since
that time the Confederate soldier and
the needy women of the Confederacy
have been upon the hearts of Hie
women of Alexandria, who have
worked unceasingly in their behalf
and who have accomplished results far.
beyond the power of this article to
WASHLXGTOX AS A SUHVKYOIl
Every school boy and jyfirl, oi! course,
is carel'ully taught that George
Washington, before he cultivated rev
olutionary tendencies and undertook
a career us father of his country, was
a surveyor. The fact is prominently
mentioned in every school textbook
oi' importance, and some even go so
far as to show woodcuts of the youth
ful George at work on i he job. No
historian, however, has thought to
introduce in a school textbook any es
tin:ate of Washington's ability as a
surveyor and maprnaker, and as a
consequent.::! the posibsiiiiy that he
nii.";itt in normal times have become
a member of a useful but r.ot spectac
ular profession is rather lost to view.
It v.as back in 17 a7 ".ha", Washing
ton's parents *. ?? confronted by the
necessity >;.* picking cut a suitable
profession for the young man. :Ic
might have become a midshipman in
the king's navy, but outside the mili
tary establishments there were not
many considered suitable ????? a
gentleman of one of the first families
of Virginia. By :: process of elimina
tion, the career ox surveyor was event
ually chosen for him.
There was ample opportunity,
whole continent remained to be sur
veyed, and moreover, fate, which
later destined George U ashingtoii
for quite dull-! nt servk-to his coun
try man those which he rendered with
rod and chain., turned the experience
to account, : :ncc it gave him the
knowledge of tonography s.'j e.sesntial
to the conduct oi military operations.
About j i ? i George \\ ashingtoii,
then only 15 years old, had completed
a survey of 3iount Vernon, the first of
many he made of the beautiful < ??ate.
He also surveyed and mapped Alex
andria in the early years of his prac
tice ox the profession. Washington's
great interest in the welfare of Alex
andria, which was the nearest place of
importance to Mount Vernon, was
practically his home town, and the
ability he demonstrate i a- a map
maker, shown by many maps w. >h
1: .<?(. re' ently come to light, lend cre
dence lo the interesting theory that
he may have had quite a much to do
with th< designing of the National
Capital as did tiie groat I/Kr.fant. A
number of maps drav. n by, Washing
ton arc e::tant, most of them in the
Library of Congress.
The war against the French and
Indians, however, interrupted Wash
ington's professional career, and in
accordance with a proclamation by
Governor Dinwiddio, he filed, after
the completion of his military service,
claims for < ? rtair. tracts oi land which
were offered those persons who had
served efficiently during tin war.
Later he acquired the holdings of a
number of other officers, and eventu
ally became a great landholder.
Orders from the Orient mak- up the
hulk of electrical exports, which now
aggregate an approximate monthly
total of $5,000,000.
VIRGINIA LAWS FAVORABLE
The incorporation laws r,f the State
of Virginia arc broad and liberal, and
- company can be incorporated under
the laws for any purpose, the law be
. in- divided under four headings:
Private business corporations.
?J. Railroad corporations.
3. Public Service corporations
otner than railroads.
4. Corporations m which no stock
is iv> be issued, such as colleges, fra
ternal organisations, ctc.
The cosl oi incorporating under the
laws ot Virginia compares favorably
with vrte cost in any other state, as
;:o the annual taxes.
Under tne Virginia incorporation
"law all classes ol sto.:K may be issued,
according to the wishes oi the incor
porators, that is, preferred or com
mon, voting or non-voting stock, cum
unuivc stock, and stock with or with
out par value.
The "r.o par value stock" is looked
upon by many people as being the
best kind of stock, as it represents
simply a proportionate interest in the
corporation irrespective of the accum
ulation of a surplus or the occurence
ci* a deficit.
Under the Virginia law it is not
necessary for the Directors of an or
dinary business corporation to be
stockholders, and this is regarded by
many people as being a good feature
of our law.
The capital stock of a Virginia cor
poration may be issued for money,
leases, options, real estate, personal
property, or services, and stock can
be issued fully paid and non-assessa
ble to those who have complied with
the terms of their stock subscription
agreement, even though the amount
agreed to be paid is less than the par
value of the stock, provided the state
ment as to the issue of :-tock shall be
liled with the State Corporation Com
mission before the stock is actually
issued.?Gardner L. Boothc.
A L E X A N D R1A L U M '3 E R
The lumber business in Alexandria
['.as been and now is a very important
urn*. The many railroads entering
in7.i Alexandria makes it a point to
which materials from any section of
the country can be shipped direct, and
then too the city being located on the
Potomac River, enables the shippers
in the river to get their lumber ship
ped by vessels at a low rate of freight.
Both of the above statements can be
reversed in that it enables the dealers
'C Alexandria to ship their lumber
oid in ill work to the different sections
jl Virginia, and Maryland.
The lumber business has grown
considerably in the last 10 or lo years,
ind the present season promises to be
i very busy one. In former years a
onsidlrabie quanity of lumber was
wrought into Alexandria by sailing
rcsscls; but, the improved railway
[unities has changed that and move
,han three fourths ol the lumber re
vived and shipped, is moved by rail
roads. , .
Large stocks of manufactured and
"ough lumber are now in the yards of
he retail dealers, for spring business
;iui almost any order received can be
lelivered at short notice.
Where qualities are considered,
ilong with pricv-s, there is no doubt
nit that Llit.* merchants of Alexandria
.vouid win out in every case.
Large quanitics of lumber and mill
A-ork are "used by the contractors and
guilders, which is furnished by the
ieaicrs. Then, too, there are several
dants which use a great deal ??f lum
jyr in their bu-incs.s which is bougat
iircct from the manufacturers in the
^?rth. !l would be hard t<> tell accu
rate:;/ the number of feet of lumber
.'.sod in and around Alexandria, .a.,
in a year, for much of it i;-' used in
fj-ictories as strved ab:>ve and this
)f course does not pass through the
*ivaL'r~ har.d.' a', all.?-J"/.vc- hw.jlh.
OLD BAPTIZIXC COVE
At the southeastern section of Al
exandria is u high hill, overlooking
the Potomac River, which; during
the ? i - ii v. ;;r, was i.'ortiiii- i and known
as ''jjai^ry liogsrs. It w .s one
cf forts erected for the defense
of Washington city ;.;:i was named
for Admiral I'ogers, of the L'nit'jd
Stales navy. At the base of this hill
the river formed a cove which ex
tended from Agnew's i.hipyard to
Jones Point lighthouse. Forty years
a^o the depth of water varied from
1 v.i/ feet just offshore to about eight
feet at the channel bank. Because
of th ? hallow depth of water and
the advantage offered by the nearby
hi!i as a vi'.. "/point, this covc was for
many years used by the coiored pop
ulation for baptismal purposes.
When religious ceremonies were not
'-oin;.; held the cove ?a.s a favorite
bathing spot for white boys in sum
mer, and in the winter its frozen
..urtace was covered with skaters.
Many of the -in:; of the colored pro*
? >!e whi h had been washed away by
v. " " ab: orbed by the bather.-.,
who ? -< n'.uaiiy became, in th- opin
ion of those who lived nearby, an
othcr "white man's burden." Only
colored per-ons were baptized in the
rove, but a large majority of the
..pcnai irs were of the opposite race,
:;rac'.ed to the scene by the novelty
of the event.
Gra luaily the cove filled up, and a
few years ago, when it became nec
' . .aiy to dredge the channel of the
river, the material pumped from th^
? hannel was deposited behind the
bulwark erected to inclose "old bap
tismal rove." These $ver deposits
eventually became solid land, then
became a source of litigation be
tween the United States Govern
r.vnt and owners of the property ad
joining or the wrvt, who claimed
v'nafc they were bein^ deprived of
their iir.pariari rights, and finally, the
case having been decided in favor of
the Government, passed into the po: -
scsrion of the Virginia Shipbuilding
cdi uoration. (Fred ?/. D>rrci\.)
Cicken.-; are now mad- immune from
chickenpox by vaccination.
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