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- -? The Gateway to the South
The Gateway to the South Section VI. YOUNG MEN'S CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION The second Young; Men's Christian Association in America was organised in Alexandria in 1853 This was also one of the first to he organized in the world. The first effort, how ever, was not permanent and several other efforts to establish the Associa tion in the city failed. The present Association was organ ized early in 1020 and has been oper ated on the community basis for the past two years. C. C. Lamond, a prominent manufacturer of the city, has been president ever since the or ganization and under his wise lead ership the Association has easily taken first place among religious or ganizations of the city. The board of directors is composed of the leading laymen of the churches of Alexandria and the entire effort of its various committees is toward the upbuilding of the religions life of the city, particularly at it relates to men and boys. The Association b^iner a community one. a great deal of work is also beipg don? for women and girls through the Ladies Auxil iary. Mr. Wallace discovered at once up on taking up his work in Alexandria the great need of boy's work in the j city and early lx-^an the organiza tion of Pioneer troops in thr Sunday schools of the several churches. Sev en troops have been organized and most of them have carried on a splen did program of activities both winter and summer The most outstanding feature of the bovs' work was the rummer camo conducted for the Pioneers last, summer on Goose Creek ! near Leesburg. The camp was known j as Camp Kust and thirty boys enjoyed 1 life under canvas for ten days. A threat deal of social work has been undertaken, although many han dicaps have been experienced in the way of a permanent place in which j to develop this phase of the work. The | Association, however, has quietly nerved in a social way many agencies j that have contributed to the whole some community social life. The "V" secretary also discovered \ that no physical program of any kind was being carried on in the city by any of the many agencies under whom it might have been expected. Athle- j tics were beincj developed to a splendid j degree and these avenues of service : were assisted in every way. As a ' result (if the enthusiasm engendered I during the past two years, many res- j ulnr classes of physical education are i now meeting in the city for men, wom en and bovs and <jh'ls. [ Th? re'iefious work of the Assoeia ; tion lias been largely that of assist | ing existing agencies in the develop- 1 ! in* of their own programs and per- i i sonnl work of inestimable value 1 ! Men's meetings have been held and a ? | religious message carried to the men j Of the shops and< factories. Sunday j (Exterior of "Y" Building) SOCIAL ADVANTAGES OF ALEXANDRIA (By A. R. D.) To the pleasure seeker Alexandria offers almost unrivaled advantages. Washington, with its hundreds of amusements, is only six miles away, and booking at any Washington the ater may be made by phone with the same case as a local call. Both thea ters and moving picture houses adver tise in the Alexandria Gazette and it is a matter of but a moment to select a play and reserve seats in one's fa vorite theater. The theater and moving picture districts of the Capital are within a few squares of the Washington-Vir ginia Railway terminal, at Twelfth street and Pennsylvania avenue, so , that it is necessary to allow not more than 45 minutes' time from home to one's stjnt in the theater?a much more satisfactory schedule than that required for resident" of up-town Washintgon. The trip by motor can be made even more quickly, over excellent roads and through attractive country. It is a fitting end to a pleasant evening t>> turn homeward across the long bridge into the quiet of the Virginia country side, watching the road unfold before the searchlight, and looking down on the myriad twinkling lights of Poto mac and Alexandria. The ride may be broken by a stop at one of the at tractive tea houses along the way. where it is possible to find fried chicken and waffles <>r a salad and coffee, and to dance for awhile before starting home. But the chief advantages of Alex andria lie within its own borders; in the social life of many ph:i>-.es which appeal to all ages. Perhaps the social activity which manifests itself in a series of lectures, musicalcs and study classes is more characteristic of Alex andria of the old regime than the gayer life of the younger set. With the advantages of travel, study and personal association with well known men and women, an ever widening circle of the city's best minds exerts a cultural influence felt beyond the confines of the State. Availing them selves of the advantages of Washing ton. Baltimore, Philadelphia and New York, and bringing the best thoughts of best minds and talent from those sources ,it is in the informal Cather ines of friends in the old homes of the city, where conversation flashes across the tea cups, that the real intellectual life of Alexandria may be seen. There is an atmosphere of cordial ity toward the newcomer in Alexan dria that is lacking in many Southern cities: a willingness to assimilate r.ew ideas: a kindlv hospitality. A city so rich in tradition can' afford to be lavish in its friendships, because it draws from an inexhaustible store of true kindliness, a heritage from great forefathers. The re-organized German Club, the Old Dominion Boat Club, dances of a more informal character, and numer- j ous subscription dances fill up the cal endar for the younger set, and added to club and subscription card parties make an active winter's program for the native Alexandrrans, as well as j the newer citizens who may lack per- i sonal introduction in the town. The women's clubs of Alexandria cover a wide range of activities, from j the purely social to patriotic and phi- j lanthropic, and constitute a clearing house for and a common meeting ground for women of all ages. Prob ably in no other city in the United ^States are the questions of the day, the most modern topics of suffrage and iust government, discussed in the same homes where have been en- j tertained the-great political leaders of Colonial and Revolutionary days. Although Alexandria has no theater of its own, a group of talented ama teurs stages and presents one or more light operas or musical comedies ! which equal in excellence any profes- j sional production. Various dramatic ciubs present more or iess serious j plays, and the teachers of music and elocution in the city offer dramatic i readings and musical events of un- j usual interest. Alexandria's moving picture houses rank with the best of Washington and Baltimore, and the most modern films arc presented in local houses simul taneously with the larger cities. The moving picture houses are large and attractively appointed, and with a daily change of bill make it posisble for Alexandrians to keep abreast of the productions of the film world without leaving their home town for amusement. The religious advantages of the city can not be discussed in this arti j ele, but the churches of all denomina jtions have an active social life which i is attractive alike to newcomer and 1 established resident, and make for friendliness and true community spirit. The "'sugar ash" of Siciliy contains a san that hardens into crude sugar wrich the natives use without refin ing. Mahogany trees do not grow in clusters but are found scattered throughout forests and hidden in dense undergronth. The olive lives longer than any other fruit tree. In Syria they have been known to have born abundant crops for four centuries. Dwarf oaks, which will take root in a thimbleful of soil and grow only ar, inch and a half in heipht, are plentiful in China. school attendance has been increased phenominally and the Pioneer pro gram for boys is known as "The Christian Citizenship Training Pro gram," the Christian emphasis being always in the ascendency in dealing with the youngsters. The Association has not been un mindful of its economic responsibility and National Thrift Week has been observed the past two years in schools, shops and factories, and wherever the message could secure a prospective listener. As a result of this move ment family budgets have been estab lished in many homes, saving ac counts adopted by nianv of the boys and at least one thrift club estab lished in one of the department stores of the city. Now it must be apparent to the most casual reader, even after such a brief and unsatisfactory recital of the Associations activities of the past two vears, that the Alexandria Younif Men's Christian Association is entit led to a home of its own. This the board of directors decided some time r (S< <?. Kirh K. Witllarr) ago and their judgement was con curred in by a splendid gathering of Representative citizens called some j time ago to discuss the matter. It was decided that at least $75,000 would be required to establish the Association on a permanent basis. This amount was made the objective of a campaign to be staged early in May of this year The board of di rectors has asked Capt. C. Keith Car lin, a prominent attorney of Alexan dria and Washington, to be the gen eral chairman of campaign committee, which will consist of over one hundred men. Capt. Carlin has accepted the I chairmanship and is now building I up the organization that will have the responsibility and also the delightful task of putting Alexandria in front ranks nf Association cities. The plan of the board, with the ap proval of the city, is to build a Y. M. ! C. A. complete. The building will be j a community one and will be designed j to serve the whole community in every possible way. The exterior of the j building will be necessarily control (Swimming Pool Interior) CHARLES F, HOLDEN COMPANY INSURANCE Correspondent Offices: New Y ork Chicago Washington "Today's Loss Is Not Covered By Tomorrow's Policy" General Agents INDEMNITY INSURANCE COMPANY OF NORTH AMERICA Philadelphia, Penna. Members: Alexandria Underwriters' Association Virginia Assn. of Insurance Agents National Assn. of Insurance Agents New York Fire Insurance Exchange Casualty Underwriters Clearing House Alexandria Chamber of Commerce | led by the selection of the lot on which ! it is to he erected, but the accompan i ir.g cut illustrates a typical commun ity "Y". The building will contain two of the most needed of all of Alexandria's ^reat needs?a gymnasium and swim ming- pool. The gymnasium will be of standard size, thoroughly equipped with a gallery for a running track which can also be used for spectators when games are heir.? played on the main Hoor. In one end of the gymnasium will be a splendid stage with commodius dressing rooms and the "gym" will douhtless become a most popular place for larger gatherings of the city. It will be the intention of the physical department to keep the gym nasium busy with classes of all ages and the entire physical life of ihf community should respond to the splendid equipmene proposed Probably the most popular place in rhe entire building will be the nata- ! torium or swimming pool which will ! serve the entire community twelve i months of the year with filtered and j sterilized water. Here the small boy j can learn to swim in safety while his I sister can have, tha same privilege, j His dad can cool off in the hot sum- j mer and keep fit during the restricted winter season. Both winter and sum mer aquatics will be developed and ii will be the business of tTio "Y" to teach every Alexandrian to swim, who desires to learn. The size of the poo! has not been definitely determined but. it is said that it will contain at least eighty thousand gallons of watev It will be heated to a standerd degree of heat and the water will constantly pass through the !ate>t and last word in swimming pool filters, thus insuring a perfectly pure supply of water ar all times. The rest of tin* building will be given over to offices, lobby, trame rooms and rooms that can be used for education and club purposes. It is, planned to have these rooms so arranged that several (if them can be opened into each other for larger gatherings or banquets which would not necessitate a room so large as the gymnasium. The question of dormitories has not yet been decided, but it is assured that the building committee will go in to every detail so thoroughly that the community will be delighted with the "finished product." Secretary Wallace has within the last few days visited the New York offices of the Inter national Committee and was given every assurance that the Building Bi:.-eau would, coooerate in every waj to assist in making the Alexan dra building the last word in "Y" const ruction. Kir!: Earle IVallare. (Inferior Gymnasium Scene) i ALEXANDRIA COMMONS? : MARKET SQUARE This square was a "Commons" ami I for years had only three small build 1 ings, the Court House, the old Jail, ; antl the "Assembly Hall." It pr?bu j bly is as historic as the "Boston Com mons." Here it was the Virginia ? troops were mustered into service | and trained for the great campaigns i in North America when England and France were in a death grapple for the supremacy of a continent. (Wash ington wes set by Governor Dinwid dle to warn the French against en croachment. upon the English in the I Ohio Valley, and because they did ! not heed they lost a Continent.) j Washington, as envoy, on the lirst trip selected a place for a fort at the I confluence of the Alleghany and Mon ; ongahcla Rivers, which French engi neers subsequently chose for the site of Fort Duquosne. At the behest of Dinwiddie ho set out a second time for the new fort on the Ohio with about 150 men. It ought not to be forgotten that Dinwiddie raised the troops for the expedition by proclaim ing a bounty of 200,000 acres of land about the fort, to he divided among the officers and soldiers. Washington wrote this word to Lord Fairfax: "I had no view of acquisition but tha' of honor, hi/ iai/liliiIIif sm-'nnf >?n Kiiift otid coinityn." On this exoedi 1 tion he engaged in the tight ;it Green Meadows (in the center of which was j Fort Necessity) from which he was I forced to retire because of superior j numbers, but with honors <>f war j Washington wrote to his brother I.aw i vence (who was a British officer in England'* previous contest with Soan i ish world aspiration*) : "1 have been on the losimr order since T entered | th<> service, which is two years." His j failures were to become stopping I stones to great success. ! Washington had been in intimate touch with these militarv prepara j tions ever since he was Adjutant Gen eral of thP Virginia forces, in train j ing .against the Indians. On these j "Commons" Washington, while Brad i dock was making preparations, train I ed the "Virginia Rangers" for that ! disastrous campaign. ( Meanwhile a historic incident oc i cured in an exciting political contest ; between Mr. Fairfax and Mr. Ellzey ! for the House of Burgesses. The | young surveyor could not. forget ties j of blood and friendship with his pat j rons. the Fairfax. Washington with I possibly too much real, and Payne i supported ^Uzev. High words nassed j between Washington and Payne. J Payne, by a heavy blow, hrough' (Washington io earth. Troops rushed lout from the Barracks and would have [made short work of Payne had not' ! Washington pacified them. Every body felt that ;i duel was imminent. Next mornintr Washington sent for Payne and said to htm: "Mr. Payne, terror is human; T was wrong voster dav. hut if you have had sufficient satisfaction let us be friend?." Weem* th^t Washington became Pavne'e ideal of manhood, and certainly his i sou was pall hearer at Washington's I funeral 1 Out of twenty men from Alexan ! ilria in Bradcioek's expedition nvli/ I fmir rt'fnrnrd h> trU the atari/. Three l I months after Braddoek's departure | a courier came riding into Market .Square and announced to (he hastily gathered crowd the news of Brad dock's defeat ami death, and that many Alexandria boys had fallen. (Affection was manifested for Wash j ington and his Colonial troops as the j crowd learned how they had saved i the; da;'. The former respect in which | the Bri.'ish "regular" was held was ! 'hen turned into indignation and con ; tempt, because they had acted (as Washington afterwards, described it) "like sheep pursued liv dogs and it was impossible to rally them." Three British regulars, ever afterwards, I were counted in Alexandria as about equal to one Colonial soldier. Among i the m ti of Alexandria Who returned io be mustered out, probably in Mar ket quare were -Tnhti Carlylo and l)r ?lar os Craik. Washington was hon j or;.ry captain of the "Alexandria In j dependent Blues" when he was made i ('omniarider-in-("hief of the Colonial ; Forces, and wrote them not to relax discipline, on June 211, I77'>. In 177?> i when Lord Dunmore, the treacherous Colonial Governor, was ravaging the ' I'otomae. three Britiso war vessels came within a few miles of the town land the townsmen mustered for de I fense on Market Square Colonel j Fitzgerald. who was probably left in jcharge by Washington, hastened with [the "Blues'' from the Square to n | small stone fort nearby manned with | guns 'eft hv Braddock. The flag was to be kept flyintr from Market Square and a militia officer was left in com mand In* Fitzgerald. Meanwhile a solid "diot was fired at the flag and the officer in charge struck the colors, i Fitzgerald returned the fire from the fort, which was located at .Invcs' small stone bastion, armed with guns left behind by Braddock. Most, of the creat stones now at the end of .Tones' Point are the remians of that fort This fort was the first attemnt of the government to guard the river ap proaches to Alexandria, and was dis mantled in when Fort Wash ington was constructed because of *he anticipated war with our former ally, France. The vessels of the enemy sailed down the Potomai. Fitz gerald, learning what the officer had done, indignantly returned to the Square and gave him a sound thrash ing. Fitzgerald was said to have been specially attached to the young Col onel, having been seen at times ween ing for fear when Washington was in great danger. Fie i? said to have been the creator of Washington's Life Guard. "Rimavre of Historic Alexandria."