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San Andreas independent. [volume] (San Andreas, Calif.) 1856-1861, October 18, 1856, Image 1

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San Infopnßnt
VOL. I.
THE INDEPENDENT
is published every SATURDAY MORNING,
at ban Andreas, Calaveras County. Cal. Office
1 r ~°* c oran’s Fire-proof Stone Building, corner
o» Mam street and Broadway.
GEORGE ARMOR, Publisher.
’TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.—One year, in
variably in advance, $5.00; six months, $3.00 ;
three months, $2.00.
TERMS OF ADVERTISING.—One square of
twelve lines, first insertion, $2.50; each sub
sequent insertion, $1.25. A liberal discount
will be allowed to yearly advertisers. Busi
ness Cards, not exceeding four lines $2.00 per
month.
S. GUTHRIE,
News Dealer, Post-office Building,
MOKELUMNE FULL.
Jfcjip'California Papers always on hand. At
lantic and European Papers and Magazines re
ceived by every steamer. sep 24-tf
■S. tV. Brockwav, I Wm. Jeff. Gatewood,
Mokelumne Hill. | San Andreas.
BROCKWAY & GATEWOOD,
Attorneys and Counselors at Law,
CAL A VERAS COUNTY.
Will attend to all business intrusted to their
•care, in the District Court of the Fifth Judicial
District, and in the Supreme Court. 527-tf
JEW! i.i\i» /„')
RESTAURANTS^
Jjrvee street , a few Doors East of the Stage Office ,
STOCK T 0 N.
J. D. BOYLE & H. LEWIS, Proprietors.
fcar The public generally are invited to give
us a call, as we arc at all times prepared to
serve them in a superior style with the best the
markets afford. J. D. B. & 11. L.
Hoard by the week, or meal at prices to suit the
times. scpt27-mtf
FOR SALE.
rriHE STEAM SAW MILL, known as the
A “El Dorado Mill/' near Cave City, and
about eight miles from San Andreas. The mill
is new, and located in a thickly timbered coun
try. The engine is sixty horse power, with twe
new boilers. The entire machinery is new and
complete.
—ALSO—
Horses, Mules, W agons &c., Sec., with every
thing necessary to carry on the business *cf
numbering profitably.
The entire property enumerated above, or
the one undivided half— to suit the purchaser
—will be disposed of to any one wishing to in
vest in said property.
The property will be sold for part cash, and
good security will be required for the balance.
Fur particulars enquire of William Irvine,
.San Andres, or on A. K. flartford.at the mill.
HARTFORD & IRVINE.
San Andreas, July 26, ’56 sept‘26-tf
SPERRY’S HOTEL,
AT MURPHY'S CAMP.
ifTIHE commodious Fire Proof Building, ffeA
M. lately erected by the subscribers,
Murphy’s, has been elegantly furnished through
out. after the most approved style, and is now
ready for the reception of guests. Parlors and
suites of rooms for the use of ladies exclusively,
mud parties visiting the “Big Trees” or other
natural curiosities in the vicinity.
The management of the domestic department,
IS confided to Mrs. Perry, a lady of experience.
The BAR is stocked with line Wines and Li
•quors, and the larder daily supplied with sea
sonable delicacies.
Stages arrive and depart daily for Mokelum
ne Hill, Sacramento, Stockton, Sonora and Co
lumbia.
Parties of Pleasure, and transient guests,
will find every accommodation for their com
fort. SPERRY & PERRY.
Murphy's,August 20, 1856. sept2s-tf
STATU OF CALIFORNIA. Coun
ty ol Clllaveras, SS. —In the District
■Court of the Fifth J udicial District, County and
State aforesaid.
Win. Dennis and Alexander Dennis, doing busi
ness under the name and style of Wm. Den
nis & Co., plaintiffs against Robert McCall,
William 11. Clary, J. B. Burton, N. L. Brough
ton and Ira Taylor and others, whose names
arc not known, doing business under the
name and style of the “ Table Mountain Water
< 'ompnnv,” defendants.
The plaintiffs in the above entitled action
having commenced an action in said Court
against the defendants, for the purpose of en
forcing a mechanic’s lien upon the following
described property of said defendants, to wit;
That certain Ditch or Canal, running from the
San Antonio Creek to San Andreas, in said
county of Calaveras, known as the “Table
Mountain Water Company’s Ditch.”
Now, therefore, all persons holding or claim
ing liens under the provisions of the several
acts for securing liens of mechanics and oth
ers, against said property, are hereby notified
to be and appear in said Court, at the Court
house in Mokelumne Hill, within twenty days,
or so soon thereafter as the same can be heard,
•ond exhibit then and there the proofs of said
liens. Wm. Dennis k Co., plt’ffs.
Dated San Andreas, Sept., 20th, 1856.
By their Attorneys, Brockicay <j - Gatewood.
sep 24-3 t.
CTATE OFCALSFOMKA, Con ii
ty Of Calaveras, MS. —la the District
V-ourt of the Fifth Judicial Di&trict, County and
otate aforesaid.
ra. Dennis and Alexander Dennis, doing busi
;. C p ln 1C Uil nic and style of Wm. Dennis
Co., plaintiffs against Matlock and
7 Martin, whose given names are un
' n ? x ' n ’ doing business under the name and
mt e °i. . Matl . ock & Martin, defendants,
w, *. a,ntWs * n tke a h° v e entitled action
01-ninft 1 ooimenced an action in said Court
* w>cr V i cfe . n(iants for the purpose of enfor
l.rfhed St s Uea ll P° n the following de-
TtrLl T Tty 0f said defendants, to wit;-
the North side S nf r trame building, situate on
San Andreas k- C ° UPt Street ’ in village of
hJuse L ' n aS Matlock & Martin’s
Now, therefore, all persons holding or claim
,ng hens under the provisions of the several
acts for securing the liens of mechanics and
others against said property, are hereby notified
to be and appear m said Court, at the Court
house in Mokelumne Hill, within twenty dava
hereof, or so soon thereafter as the same cau
heard, and exhibit then and there the p-oofs
of said liens. Wm. Dennis & Co., pit’ffg
Dated San Andreas, Sept. 21st, 1856.
By their Attorneys. Brockway A- Gatcwod.
>ep “ t-31.
SAN ANDREAS. CALAVERAS COUNTY. CAL., SATURDAY. OCTOBER 18, 1856.
“ My Dear Mother.” —When Tom Bell was
informed of his fate, and that he had but a few
moments to live, he requested permission to
write, which was granted him, and he hurriedly
penned a letter to his “ Dear Mother.”— Account
of the Capture and Execution of Tom Bell.
There is no stronger evidence of the exis
tence and immortality of the Human Soul, than
the fondness with which the heart of man cher
ishes the memory of a Mother’s Love. This
Dh ine principle appears to be the only virtuous
tenant that will not forsake the criminal in his
murdering career. In the flush of youth and
pride of prosperity, the Bandit and the Pirate
may forget the family altar, cease to remember
sister and brother, —buried beneath the corod
ing effects of crime, and seared by withering
care, —a wicked and abandoned heart yields up
every treasure, but the memory of a “ Dear Mo
ther around that word dings all the finer feel
ings of their nature ; it dispells the thraldom of
evil spirits, and at its u open sesatne,” momentarily
the lustre of long-forgotten virtues gleam forth
like the Jewels in Aladdin's Cave. Tom Bell
“ was but 26 years old ; ” passion for evil had
destroyed the early bloom of his boy-hood days
and made desolate as the tomb, his manhood's
prime, yet when he learned his fate, the cher
ished memory of his Mother rose exultant even
over the wreck of hope,—a bright flame of spir
itual love, —only to be extinguished by the dark
and silent waves of death. Joys and their
memories pass away, but the remembrance of
“ Our kind old Mother! Far, far, away,” is per
petual as Time and lasting as Eternity. The
last words of “ Three Fingered Jack,” the most
brutal and heartless criminal that ever perished in
California, were, — “My Mother! Oh 1 My Dear
Mother I ”
The following lines, written by a Convict , in
the Ohio Penitentiary, are touchingly beautiful:
To My Mother.
“ I’ve wandered far from thee, mother,
Far from my happy home;
I’ve left the land that gave me birth,
In other climes to roam;
And time, since then, has rolled its years,
And marked them on my brow;
Yet, I have thought of thee,—
I’m thinking of thee now.
I'm thinking on the day, mother,
When at my tender side
You watch’d the dawning of my youth,
And kissed me in your pride ;
Then brightly was my heart lit up
With hopes of future joy,
While your bright fancy honor's wove,
To deck your darling boy.
I’m thinking on the day, mother,
When, with anxious care,
You lifted up your heart to heaven—
Your hope, your trust was there ;
Fond memory brings your parting words,
While tears rolled down your cheek ;
Thy long, last, loving look told more,
Than ever words could speak.
I’m far away from thee, .mother,
No friend is near me now,
To soothe me with a tender word,
Or cool my aching brow.
The dearest ties affection wove
Are now all torn from me ;
They left me when the trouble came—
They did not love like thee.
I’m lonely and forsaken now,
Unpitied and unblest;
Yet still I would not let thee know
How sorely I’m distressed;
I know you would not chide, mother,
You could not give me blame:
But soothe me with tender words,
And bid me hope again.
I would not have thee know, mother,
How brightest hopes decay ;
The tempter with his baleful cup
Has dashed them all away ;
And shame has left its venom'd sting,
To rack with anguish wild—
Yet still I would not have thee know
The sorrow of thy child.
Oh ! I have wandered far. mother,
Since I deserted thee :
And left thy trusting heart to break,
Beyond the deep blue sea;
Oh, mother ! still I love thee well,
And love to hear thee speak,
And feel again thy balmy breath
Upon my care-worn cheek.
But ah 1 there’s a thought, mother,
Pervades my bleeding breast,
That thy free d spirit may have flown
To its eternal rest;
And while I wipe the tear away,
There whispers in my ear
A voice that speaks of heaven and thee,
And bids me enter there.

Flowers.— How the universal heart of
man blesses flowers ! They are wreathed
around the cradle, the marriage altar and
the tomb. The Persian in the far east de
lights in their perfume, and writes his love
in nose-gays; while the Indian child of
the far west claps his hands with glee as
he gathers the abundant blossoms—the il
luminated picture of the prairies. The
Cupid of the ancient Hindoos tipped his
arrows with flowers, aud orange-buds are
the bridal crown with us, a nation of yes
terday. Flowers garlanded the Grecian
altar, and they hang in votive wreaths be
fore the Christian shrine.
AH these have appropriate uses. Flow
ers should deck the brow of the youthful
bride, for they are in themselves a lovely
type of marriage. They should twine
round the tomb, for their perpetually re
newed beauty is a symbol of the resurrec
tion. They should festoon the altar, for
the fragrance and their beauty ascend in
perpetual worship before the most high.—
Lydia Maria Child-.
[email protected]~We ought not to isolate ourselves,
tor we cannot remain in a state of isola
tion. Social intercourse makes us the
more able to hear with ourselves and
others
The Vineyards of Los Angeles.
The Los Angeles correspondent of the
Evening Bulletin furnishes to that paper
i the following interesting facts in relation
to the vineyards and wine manufacture of
Los Angeles:
The California variety of grape-vine
was originally introduced by Roman Cath
olic Missionaries —over sixty years since,
and since then this same stock has been
cultivated. In some places old vines are
seen, which are said to have been planted
during the last century. Whether true
or not, one planting answers for one gene
ration—the only kind of fruit that retains
its productive vitality so long.
At the present time, for planting, cut
tings and roots are both used —the former
bearing in three years, the latter the first |
year from the planting. Cuttings of four
feet long—in the ground, two feet hori-;
zontal and two feet perpendicular—are
much preferable to short twelve inch twigs,;
so extensively planted at the north, and I
■with so little success. Each vine should
be, at the least, seven feet apart, to allow :
nutriment to the roots, and room to gather
the fruit when ripe, and also to ripen the I
fruit before the windy season. In Janu
ary and February is the priming season,
and the lengthy cuttings, from six to ten
feet, are removed, leaving only eight of the
best cuttings, each of the buds. The less
wood remaining on the vine, the more
thrifty the growth and the larger the fruit, j
The culture, till fruit time, is the same as
with corn. Irrigation increases the size of I
the grape nearly as large again, provided
the vines are kept short. During the first
three years, the vines should be supported
by stakes, to produce a regular and beau
tiful vineyard. In this country, vines are
only four feet in height, and are not trailed,
as in the East. Proper attention to culti
vating the vine hastens the maturity of
the fruit—oftentimes two weeks earlier
than in adjoining soils in the same place.
Like to other fruits, the maturity of the
fruit depends on the soil, whether sandy
or otherwise. The more sand the earlier
the ripening.
Owing to the slow sale of native wines,
owners of vineyards have shipped to San
Francisco nearly all the grapes for the past
four years, thereby preventing the Los
Angeles wines from being brought into
notoriety, like eastern wines. The largest
bunches of grapes are packed for San
Francisco and the mines, while the small
est bunches are left for making wine and
brandy. The quantity of each is the
same. To make superior wines, choice
grapes, after being well ripened, are cax-e
--fully cleansed of all damaged grapes, and
are dried two days in the sun, before be
ing put in the wiuc press. Formerly, it
was the universal custom to tread out
grapes with the feet, without doubt the
best mode, but not very pleasant to think
of when about to drink. Lately, however,
wine presses have been substituted, an
swering the same purpose. The pummies
—including the skin and pulp—are fer
mented in casks for eight or nine days.—
Duxing the fermentation, all impurities are
taken to the top and cast out. Red wine
is owing to the coloring matter of the skin, I
while white, or clear wine, contains the
juice of the grape fermented to itself.—
Wines are light or heavy, according to the
quantity of alcohol the} T contain, and hence
the necessity of cheap wines selling at low
prices to prevent souring, and also the
necessity of costly wines possessing more
of the intoxicating ingredient. Resides
the red and the white wines made in this
x’egion, the natives manufacture a drink
called Angelica (angel’s drink), consisting
of two-thirds of the juice of the grape and
one-third aguardiente (native brandy),
mixed. It is the sweetest of wines, like
cordial, but much more intoxicating. A
species of champagne has been attempted,
and reported by judges of good wine to be
equal to the European brands.
The cost of the vineyard and of its cul
tivation is as follows: An old bearing
vineyard of 3000 vines and over, can be
bought* for a dollar per vine. Every year
each vine will average from eight to ten
pounds of grapes. The cultivation of
these, during the whole year, costs about
one cent per pound, and under the best
management, much less. From twelve to
fifteen pounds of grapes produce one gal
lon of wine. The labor of gathei’ing the
grapes is but a fx-action for a large amount.
The cost of casks and barrels is the heav
iest expense, including the necessary coop
erage, ten cents per gallon ; making to the
producer of wine a total cost of about thir
ty cents per gallon. To the purchaser of
grapes, the cost of making wine is gene
x'ally double. The whole cost of new
wines is not great a sum, but the keeping of
the wine, for age to improve it, necessarily
adds to the cost, according to the value of
money and time kept on hand.
Vineyards, like other propexiy, pay ac
cording to their management. One vine
yard of 5,000 vines, in this town, paid,
last year, nearly four hundred dollars per
acre of one-thousand vines, while others
have not paid the cost of cultivation.
The amount of land devoted to the cul-1
turc of the grape in this place is about |
800 acres, and about 130 additional acres
in the county ; containing about 950,000
vines in the township and county. The
following are the chief vineyards of old
bearing vines in this place:
Louis Sansevain, 50,000 vines.
Wm. Wolfskill 45,000 vines.
John Roland IT,OOO vines.
Dr. S. F. White, 17,000 vines.
Fraeling & Kohler, 15,000 vines.
The first and last individuals are more
extensively engaged in the manufacture of
wines than the rest of this place, and their
brands at the North are in greater demand
than others. Mr. B. D. Wilson of San
Gabriel, is likewise extensively engaged in
manufacturing champaigne wine, which is
reputed to be of excellent quality.
All the refuse grapes, with the pum
mies distilled, and, after the second distil
lation, a clear liquid, like alcohol in ap
pearance and strength, is obtained. This
sells here, by the barrel of 18 gallons, at
£2 per gallon, from which a large amount
of American brandy may be easily manu
factured. Peach brandy, of a superior
kind, is manufactured here, and sold at
§8 per gallon. The cost is high, but the
expense of making it is heavy. To make
one gallon of peach brandy requires three
bushels and a half of ripe peaches, while
the other expenses are the same as of na
tive brandy. Observer.
The Iron Horse.— Elihue Burrit, the
learned blacksmith, has a better fancy of
the iron horse than any we remember to
have seen elsewhere. Thus he describes
him :
I love to see one of those huge crea
tures, with sinews of brass and muscles of
iron, strut forth from his smoky stable,
and saluting the long train of cars with a
dozen sonorous puffs from his iron nos
trils, fall gently back into his harness.—
There he stands, champing and foaming
upon the iron track, his great heart a fur
nace of glowing coals ; his lymphatic blood
is boiling in his veins; the strength of a
thousand horses is nerving his sinews—he
pants to be gone. He would “ snake”
St. Peter across the Desert of Sahara, if
he could be fairly hitched to it; but there
is a little, sober-eyed, tobacco-chewing
man in the saddle, who holds him in with
one finger, and can take away his breath in
a moment, should he grow restive or vi
cious. lam always deeply interested in
this man, for begrimmed as he may be
with coal diluted in oil and steam, I re
gard him as the genius of the whole ma
chinery, as the physicial mind of that
huge steam-horse.
Arrival of Yon Schmidt’s Survey
ing Party. —Capt. Yon Schmidt, U. S.
Government Surveyor, who has been at
work sectionizing the public lands at the
eastern base of the Sierra Nevadas, in the
vicinity of Owens’s river, arrived in this
city yesterday. The whole party, with
the exception of the Messrs. Whiting and
two others, arrived in Sonora on Thursday.
After crossing the summit of the Nevadas,
and while encamped in Strawberry Yalley,
about fifty miles from Sonora, on the night
of the 7th instant, quite fifteen inches of
snow fell, and the cold was intense. Fear
ful of being snowed in, the party started
about nine o’clock on Wednesday morning,
and made their way out in safety.
The Messrs. Whiting, who have work
to examine near the head of Kern river,
at the eastern base of the mountains, did
not cross with the Captain’s party. They
will cross at Fremont’s Pass on their re
turn.
The grass and water are represented as
being excellent on the other side of the
mountains. —San Joaquin Republican.
A Thought for the Kick. —lt is a
thought very frequently true—a general
truth. It is a thought for those who are
laboring for riches to bequeath to their
children. The less you leave your child
ren when you die, the more they will have
twenty years afterwards. Wealth inher
ited should be the incentive to exertion.
Instead of that, “It is the title-deed to
sloth.” The only money that docs a man
good is what he earns himself. A ready
made fortune, like ready-made clothes,
seldom fits the man who comes in possess
ion. Ambition, stimulated by hope and a
half-filled pocket-book, has a power that
will triumph over all difficulties, beginning
with the rich man’s contumely, and leav
ing off with the envious man’s malice.
Stock from the Plains. —lt is stated
that there cannot be less than 10,000 head
of cattle now on Carson river recruiting
prior to coming over the mountains. All
the stock which has passed over the Pla
cerville road is represented to have been in
good order and well conditioned. It is
variously estimated that there will be from
60,000 to 80,000 head of cattle cross the
Sierra Nevada mountains this year. Most
of the emigrants coming in this season,
have had good luck in getting themselves
and their stock through without much
casualty.— Mariposa Gazette.
Reputation and Character. —Many
persons regard reputation, or what this
world says of them, as more important then
character, or, what they are. Slander, thon,
has driven many an innocent and well
meaning person to crime. Remember this
in your idle and sinful twaddle about your
neighbors, and remember it in your pray
ers for mercy.
Hope paves the golden way to bliss, and
cheerfulness is the lamp that lights the
beauteous walk.
I*abor.
“ Is there for honest povertv
That hangs his head and a : that
*** * ’ *
The man’s a man
For a’that, and a’that.”
We are all laborers. It is not clear, that
what are generally regarded as the higher
employments, are always more desirable
than others. There are risks and distrac
tions attending some of those seemingly
higher employments, which render them
far less desirable than others usually rated
as more humble. Professional men de
pend upon the skill of their minds. Yet
not the great majority are the favorites of
fortune.- Their positions depend upon
others. Their independence is often com
promised. The rare instances of good for
tune tempt the gaze and aspirations of the
young, and induce them to leave prepara
tion to pursue more certain employments,
for the lottery of professional success.—
The same is measurably true of mercantile
employments. The one “ large strike’' is
watched," and no account taken of the
multitude of instances of failure, or only
moderate success.
Public employment, is the most pre
carious of all. He is not to be envied,
who holds a position at the will of another,
or at the fickleness of the popular will.—
The mechanical and agricultural employ-!
ments are the great staple of life. They
furnish the most certain and constant em
ployment. This certainly is favorable to
intellectual progress. The mind is not
harassed with solicitudes about the future.
The mechanic, in ordinary conditions of
society, is almost certain of employment.
His very pursuit, if he avoids low asso
ciations, is promotive of mental culture.
The mechanics, in actual knowledge, will
compare favorably with almost any other
class. The same is true of farmers. The j
really intellectual mechanic, or farmer, i
with mind free from engrossment, can ac
complish much in study. A change of I
employment, then, rising higher in the
scale of occupation, is not the object to i
set before our ambition. It is self-im
provement in the position which we may
occupy. There is a preference in occu
pations, but far less than men suppose.—
The advantage is not commonly on the
side where young people are most apt to
place it. Were we to choose now the po
sition most dignified, and most to our taste,
it would be perhaps that of the farmer,
with leisure to study and a condition of
independence. The mechanic is in a po
sition as dignified as that of almost any
other man. Elihu Burritt, is none the
more honorable in any other occupation
than the toiling, sweating blacksmith!
Then let us each labor in the sphere in
which circumstances or Providence has
placed us. Let us not look to the occu
pation to give us our*grade, but let us dig
nify the position which we may occupy.
In many respects, we envy the condition
of the journeymen printer, who looks to
our bookeeper each Tuesday night for his
money. Fidelity and character will make
any place honorable. Even an editor’s
position—servant as he is, of servants —
may be respectable, if he toils with the
spirit of a true workman upon mind.—
Pacific.
Intelligent Labor. —How important,
therefore, is it that children should be ed
ucated in habits of industry. Man was
made to work; and the man who does not
work, does not fulfill the conditions of his
creation. He perverts nature, and the
result of such perversion must necessarily
be unhappiness, for the laws of nature
may not be broken with impunity.
From an early age, our children should
be taught to do something; and that some
thing should have an object; for no one
will feel inclined to persevere in any work
unless he has some object to stimulate his
efforts. It is true that a person may work
diligently for the mere wages which he re
ceives for his work, but he cannot feel the
same satisfaction in working, as he will
feel if at the same time he gains the
means of subsistence, he is engaged in the
construction of some object, which will
be a thing of admiration, or of utility,
when it is accomplished.
The shipwright who hews the timbers
for a beautiful vessel, feels an interest in
the object which is, to some extent, the
work of his hands. The mason who
places and cements the stones of a fine
building, feels an interest in the structure
which stimulates his efforts, and enables
him to work with more satisfaction than
he could do, if he had no object in view,
but the mere pecuniary reward of his la
bor. An anecdote is related of a wealthy
citizen to whom a laborer applied for work.
Having no employment for him, he di
rected him to remove a pile of stones
from one place to another. The man hav
ing completed this work, asked what he
should do next; and was told to carry
the stones the place where he had
taken them from. This so disgusted him
that he refused to continue such work. It
had no object.
Courage the best Gift. —Courage
is better than cash, and an up-head
more than a host of “influential friends. ’
There are more elements of success in a
single beat of a stout heart, than all this
or the other one can say or do. If you
want to get along and be good-looking,
smart, and well off as any body don’t bo
afraid.
True Happiness.
Amid all the cares and perplexities of
life, man naturally seeks for enjoyments.
There is a void in his mind which can
never be filled until it fastens itself on
I object, and makes it its own. Vari
-1 °^ 9 ai *c the ideas that are entertained bv
different individuals as to the cause of
true happiness. Some imagine that felicity
consists in living in a magnificent dwel
ling, surrounded by all that hollow pomp
and superficial decorations that art can
furnish. Others, again, maintain that
enjoyment can only be found in amassing
treasures, in grasping after gold, while
then gieeuy appetites are never satisfied
with a sufficent amount of the talismanic
metal. While thousands will fan an( j
worship their cherished dogmas with about
as much intelligence as the’ Pagan Hindoo
exhibits in his disgusting and idolatrous
devotions, hundreds think they derive
happiness from attending to the giddy
round of frivolous amusements.
But, through all these mistaken ave
nues, happiness does not make its en
trance to its secret chambers of the hu
man soul. It is of but little importance,
so far as regards happiness, for us to con
sider what kind of a habitation we live in
—whether it he a gaudy palace, or the
peaceful and humble cottage. The exter
nal condition in which we are placed can
affect our happiness but little, provided we
obtain convenient and comfortable homes.
And, again, it is of but slight considera
tion whether we ever amass riches, if we
have a sufficient sum to bring us the com
forts and all the rational enjoyments of
life.
Happiness can never be found in toil
ing to accumulate a mass of useless wealth,
with which to gratify the human passions,
that struggle for the ascendency in the
mind. Happiness cannot he found in a
vague belief that is generally entertained
by the hollow-minded, in their cramped
and deluding dogmas. Happiness can
never make its abode with those who cling
to old errors, and tenaciously grasp the
fading shreds that envelop their time-worn
and delusive creeds Felicity must fly
from those who are so bigoted that they
arrantly oppose the light that truth is send-
I ing through the most intricate recess of
; the soul. Enjoyment can never he se
| cured, while the miud is in a state of men
tal bondage. It must he free to enjoy and
! exercise the native powers which a benifi
| cent Creator has bestowed. Physical sla
; very is productive of endless misery, but
| cannot be compared, in point of magnitude,
to the slavery of the mind. The individ-
I ual who subscribes to the prevailing polit
ical schemes that disgrace the present
state of society, can never expect to enjoy
happiness.
The only sure road to true happiness
can be found in a rational exercise of eve
ry faculty of the mind. Every faculty has
a sphere legitimate of action, and when
under the direction of a highly enlight
ened intellect, each must confer rational
and substantial felicity, on all who are so
fortunate as to possess such a favorable
mental organizaiion. No person can be
ever truly happy unless he gives scope to
the reasoning powers. Especially when
the mind embraces the subject of religion,
should the power of reason have full sway.
But many persons think that, in order to
secure happiness to themselves, they must
not exercise, on the subject of relisdon,
the reason that an All-wise Being has
given them, for such a purpose. Away
with such fanatical delusion I Shall we
not use the noble gift for an excellent pur
pose ? W hat subject is fraught with more
interest and happiness to man than a cor
rect knowledge of the Creator and his
Laws ? From what source can we derive
so much enjoyment, as from the study of
the Natural Laws ? Who is not impressed
with a reverential degree of admiration, as
he beholds the countless beauties which
display the wisdom and benevolence of
the Creator? Who can tell the amount of
happiness man will yet enjoy in this sphere
of existence when selfishness, bigotry,
and prejudice, shall cease to afflict the na
tions ot the earth, —when the Pulpit shall
preach the true position that man stands
in relation to his God—when the Press
lends its powerful aid to reform mankind,
on all subjects, calculated to promote their
welfare ? They who make our law T s have
a true Philosophy on which to found them.
When this philosophy is applied, then will
ultimately be the case, cannot be doubted,
if we review our present society and that
of by-gone ages.
Corpulence a Crime. The ancient
Spartan paid as much attention to the
rearing of men, as the cattle breeders in ’
modern England do the breeding ot cat*’
They took charge of the firmnes :
looseness of men’s flesh, and re
the degree of fatness to which it.
ful, in a free State, for any_ej
tend his body. Those who dared
too fat or too soft for military exe
the service of Sparta, were soum
ped. In one particular instanc
Nauclis, the son of Poly bus, th
was brought before the Ephor.
meeting of the whole people of '
which his unlawful fatness m
exposed, and was threatened twihi
banishment if he did not bring
within the regular Spartan comp
give up his culpable mode of living
was declared to be mure worth
lonian than a son of Lacodamon. ...
NO. 4.

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