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San Andreas independent. [volume] (San Andreas, Calif.) 1856-1861, October 25, 1856, Image 2

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Cj n |nhpmhnt.
Saturday, October 25,1856.
Mr. Thos. Boyce 13 our authorized Agent in
San Francisco, and lg empowered to collect and
receipt for moneys due this office.
To the Patron* 'of the “ San Andreas
We, the undersigned, selected by the subscri
bers and friends of the above paper beg leave
to report, as follows:
Acting under the powers delegated to us,
we resolved to establish ft newspaper in the town
of San Andreas, to be devoted to the true
interests of the public; one, through which
the people of onr county could be heard, and
tme issues impartially advocated ;~and With
the aid of Mr. George Armor, who selected the
materials, we have established the San Andreas
Independent , the second No. of which, we pre
sent for your approval. Mr. George Armor has
been selected to conduct the paper upon an in
dependent basis; how well he may fulfill his
mission, it is for the public to judge. To the
people, therefore, we say continue your friendly
aid ; promptly meet your engagements, and we
guarantee the Independent to be, what wc claim
for it, the friend of the miner, the farmer and
the mechanic, and the honest advocate of every
interest tending to the benefit of the people of
Calaveras county in general.
Respectfully, yours.
A. P. HUMPHREY, V True tees.
D. D. FOX, j
San Andreas, October 4th, 1856.
Every one has something to say of pol
itics, —why may not we ? and yet our pen
is so unused to laud or decry any party or
partizans that, like Mrs. Partington, we
do not know but that ‘-when we open our
mouth we may put our foot in it,” —not
that we have not our personal and political
predilections; not that we do not intend
to speak manfully, freely and fully our own
sentiments, —for we do ; and intend to
boldly hold those who oppose or attempt to
subvert the interests of the working class,
up to the indignation of their peers ; nor
will we withhold our hearty approval of all
who in the history, past or future, of our
State, have made or will make efforts for
the advancement of such interests.
To us the struggle of our County and
State officers is one that wakens our strong--
eet feelings. Nor do we lose sight of the
interest here involved in the mighty strug
gle that agitates the whole Union. Our
National Institutions are as dear to us as
any man. Our hearts yearn as warmly,
and truly, for the settlement of questions
of National policy, that are breeding such
discontent and bitter feeling in our midst,
as any one. A thrill of horror reaches our
very inmost spirit, as we read the tales of
Kansas warfare, outrage and suffering, and
know that civil war rears its awful head
in our midst—and as sincere a prayer for
its cessation rises to our lips as from any
one, and no one holds the causes of this
state of feeling—we care not to what party
they belong—in more utter abhorrence
than do we; yet with it all, we are not
forgetful of the interests of our State and
County, and at the same time do we re
member that in the approaching contest
we engage in a warfare that is not only to
have its bearing and influence on the in
terest of this State alone, but upon the
whole Union. In the next Legislature
we send to the U. S. Senate, two men. —
These are to be selected from one of the
three great parties that are now at work in
our Union, and it becomes us to look well
to whom we entrust such great interests.
We know not whom may be sent. No
personal attachments should influence us
in the contest. Principle, and principle
alone, should guide us, and the principles
as developed by the parties themselves,
should determine us in our votes. As we
look at this triangular contest it stands
thus: The Democratic party recognises,
upholds and supports the Kansas Nebras
ka bill, as the policy of the country, and
the final settlement of our troubles. With
this the Republicans are at open war, and
demand its utter abolishment. Not con
tent with the restoration of the compro
mises of ’2O and ’SO, they wish the fugi
tive slave law abolished, or changed.
The American party, discarding in toto
both of these propositions, struggle for a
restoration of the compromise measures,
and each of these conflicting measures, it
ia confidently asserted by the partisans of
each, will restore quiet, order, harmony,
and peace in our borders.
What say the people? It is to them
they all look! It is to the great mass, —
those who are to feel the effects of one of
these principles being predominant, that
each party depends. You hold, Working
men of all kinds, the power in your hands;
but will you use it? Like a horse guided
by a child, a mere turn of the rein sub
dues us too often into obedience. Upon
our shoulders, and by us, have men rid
den into office, who in their lust for power
have forgotten our interests; and we have
quietly seen the principles of such men
disseminated, which have caused war,
bloodshed, carnage, aye, civil war, to stalk
with high hand, in onr borders. Will we
unite on those in the coming canvass
whose every endeavor will be to quell the
surges of distraction that now roll over our
land ? or will we, with a blind adherence
to party, still tamely submit to our total
ruin ?
Men do not seem to consider in this con
test for the minor offices of Senators and
Legislators, that they vote for great princi
ples, instead of men. They do not seem
to think that perhaps upon each vote de
pends the election of one whose every act
will be in direct opposition to the very
principles he believes will save our glorious
Union. They do not seem to consider
that as they deposit their votes, they may
do it for Union or Disunion, for quiet,
peace and harmony, or for discord, anar
chy and confusion. And yet it may be
that these things are involved as deep
ly as if printed upon the tickets they
deposit in the ballot boxes. To the
Workingmen we then say, consider, pause,
reflect, ere you vote for any man for htate
Senator, or the Legislature, that you do
not feel and know, has your interests and
the interests of the great masses, at heart.
Who is not a Union loving man, —and
loving the Union, loves you and your rights.
Upon the tickets, our County nomina
tions present men of high sentiments, no
bly feelings, and generous hearts. The
three parties are able represented, but let
no personal consideration weigh with us
in this contest with them, but determine
to vote for principle, and principle alone.
For County officers we have nothing to
say. Each one will be governed by his
personal friendship,—nor would the elec
tion of any of them injure us, for in all
parties we find men of standing, and Cal
veras boasts many such aspirants for office.
The Overland Travel. —-Through
the enterprise of our frontier population of
the W estern States, who are now pouring
into California by the Big Tree and other
routes, our wealth is increasing. Slowly,
but surely, does our growth mature as train
alter train of hardy emigrants arrive at this
haven of their rest, bringing with them
their wives and little ones, their flocks
and their herds, from a far off land to en
joy the pure air and continual sunshine of
our heaven-blessed land. Every train
brings thousands of dollars’ worth of De
vonshire and Durham improved cattle;
their horses are the strongest and fleetest
to be found in the Western Prairies, and
are brought here with a view of improv
ing the mustang stock of this State. One
train of such emigration, is worth a whole
steam-ship load, of kid-gloved ballot-box
stuffers and sweet-scented office-seekers, by
the ocean route. The blessings of emigra
tion come over-land—the curses, that en
tailed the formation of a Vigilance Com
mittee, ( the only plan by which murder
and ballot-box stuffing could be justlv
punished,) come by the ocean routes. By
sea came the prostitute, the female charla
tan, and their men, who are now scattered
broad-cast over our fair land ; renegades
from the just vengeance of an outraged
people, or the edicts of the Vigilance Com
mittee. In our highways and by-ways
is presented the brazen effrontery of the
broken-down gambler, glaring with demon
eyes on the unsuspecting traveller, as “stand
and deliver!” is called out; yet that same
out-lawed ruffian, was once a gentleman
emigrant, —by the steamer.
How different a class are these honest
overland emigrants ? Their coarse, heavy
shoes and home-spun clothes seems to in
dicate want, or privation. But not so, al
though coarsely they are comfortably clad.
We look upon these arrivals, as the har
binger of a better day for California.—
Those girls, have, two-thirds of the dis
tance for two thousand miles, footed it
into this State, yet they arc our cherished
hope! their pride and destiny is to fulfill
a natural obligation, —to be the wives of
honest miners, farmers and mechanics;
and the mothers of noble, god-like men;
their daughters,—good well-behaved hon
est-hearted country girls,—the brightest
gem of the social circle, and Keystone of a
happy and prosperous home.
Patriotic. —On our first page will be
found some appropriate poetry, written by
a lover of “Our Union.” We advise all
sectional men to read it, —then read over
“ Washington’s Last Moments,” and if
it does not stir up their patriotism, and
love for our “ Land of the free and the
home of the Brave,” they can commence
at the head of the column and read “The
fate of the Desperado” from which they
will, no doubt, derive a useful lesson.
Gambling. The Grand Jury have
found the law against gambling imperfect
and would therefore respectfully recom
mend a revision of the laws on this sub
ject by the next Legislature. —Stockton
Argus .
We hope the first Law the next Legisla
ture may pass, will be an Act to suppress
gambling, so strict in its nature, as to do
away with the evil. The crime should be
punishable with heavy fine or long im
Emigrants. —The past week has been
one of activity in the emigrant line. On
each day several trains passed through this
place. We noticed more than an ordina
ry number of women and children, in the
crowd. Accompanying one train were
near a dozen bouncing girls, full of fun,
frollicking along as if the fatigue of travel
and the alkali of the desert had all been
left behind. Three-fourths of the men
were old Californians, returning with their
families bringing back to this country the
gold they carried home with them to the
“States,” in the shape of blooded-stock
and house-hold treasures. Most of them in
their former visit to California, had came
the Placerville route, and this time bv
the Big Tree road; they unhesitatingly
confirm the well understood fact, that the
Big Tree road is more than one-half better
to travel than any other route. They ex
pressed much astonishment when informed
that San Andreas was within forty miles of
Their destination is for Russian river,
and the vicinity of Clear Lake. Some
few were bound for Monterey county, or
the Salinas, St. Johns and Santa Clara
It was amusing to see the emigrants,
as they reviewed the Chinese, who were
equally amused at the close scrutiny with
which they were quizzed by the young la
dies. The emigrants seemed to think they
had lauded in the middle of Asia instead
of California, so numerous w r ere the Chi
nese, male and female, around the wagons.
The “ Misses Johns,” from their improved
style of Bloomer dress, loose habits and
garrulous gybes and jeers were soon point
ed out, as of the female persuasion; and
woman’s curiosity, of course, made the
discovery much to the chagrin of a Pike
county teamster, who was in a quandary
about the sex of the “blasted critters.”
The Ball. —As we to go press every
thing “goes merry as a marriage bell."—
The decorations of the ball room are ele
gant, gotten up in tasteful wreaths of ever
green and bay, with initial decorations em
blematic of the designs of the Order. The
Committee of Arrangements have been
unremitting in their efforts to perfect the
details of the fete , so as to give satisfaction
to all, —and we are happy to chronicle
their success. But time and space is too
limited for us, in this issue, to say more.
We understand that about two hundred
turned out in procession at Mokelumne
Hill, held in honor of the Anniversary of
the institution of Mokelumne Lodge, No.
j 44. Full particulars next week.
Found Guilty. —Wm. 11. Werth,
who some time since committed an assault
on a Mr. Kingsburry, editor of a newspa
per, has been found guilty. The Judge in
his sentence, says : Both parties were
wrong, but Werth was wrong first, and by
that first wrong, wrong also last. If it
were for me to inflict the punishment, it
would be very different. The judgment
and sentence of the Court is, that you pay
a fine of 6250, and stand committed until
it be paid.
Editorial Difficulties —Mr. James
O’Sullivan, the editor of the Sonora Her
ald, having been nominated as the Repub
lican candidate for State Senator in that
section, was assailed by a man named Ma
lone, who attempted to take his life by
shooting Fortunately for Mr. O’S. the
authorities were on hand to rescue him
from trouble. Malone has been committed,
to await his trial for an assultwith a deadly
In Circulation. —The people of San
Jose estimite that over 660,000 were ex
pended by visitors in that City during the
continuance of the late State Agricultural
Fair. Since then the money market is
said to be considerably easier there, and we
doubt not some sharp speculations in town
lots have been going on.
End of the Chinese Feud. —We
learn that the heads of the two great Chi
nese companies, the Cantons and See
Yups have met in Sacramento, and settled
all the difficulties heretofore existing be
tween these two classes. So ends the
Chinese War with ‘‘gentle peace return
• yy
ln g-
Messrs. I. S. Rosenbaum & Co., pre
sented us with some of their new supply
of the famous “ Buffalo Chips” Tobacco.
The sample is certainly a treasure for quid
nuncs. Those who relish the best To
bacco, only, will do well to always have a
“pocket full of chips,” so that we can go
“huncs” by exchanging a quid pro quo!
John Bigler Coming. —A gentleman
just returned from the Atlantic, states
John Bigler is coming, having secured
passage in the Nicaragua steamer Ten
nesse, to leave New York on the 6th inst.
Cattle. —Yesterday, near two hundred
head of young cattle, passed through this
place en route for the San Joaquin. The.
.stock was in fine condition. But one im
migrant wagon was in the company.
Confession op Bill Gristy, alias
Bill White.— The San Joaquin Re
publican, contains a lengthy confession of
Bill White, who was one of Tom Bell’s
gang; after confirming most of the ac
counts heretofore published, and implica
ting some roadside taverns (stage houses,)
in their robberies, he proceeds to confess
the murder of Rosenthal, detailing inci
dents, so as to convey the idea that,
Bell clandestinely murdered Rosenthal af
ter the party had tied their victim to a
tree. He continues:
“We then went back to the Mountain
eer House, owned by Jack Phillips, a Syd
ney man, seven miles from Auburn, on
the Sacramento road, and gave Jack Phil
lips about one hundred and fifty dollars.—
This house is a stage house, and all the
hostlers, and every person around it knew
us and our business. We made 31,200,
by the operation.”
W hite “proceeds to state how things, arc
managed by ‘Gen. Estell, at the State Pris
on, who was responsible for the safe keep
ing of the convicts, at the time of his es
cape :
“I was sent from Placer county to-the
State prison in the year 1855, for ten years,
for stealing three horses from the Girard
House. 1 remained until May, 1855; at
that time there were six or seven others be
side myself escaped; I can only recollect
the names of Tom Bell, Ned Connor and
Jim Smith. The manner of our escape
was this: I was told by one of our guard
that his captain wanted to see me at the
office; I went, he told me he wanted to get
rid of a portion of the prisoners then in
prison. His plan was, for me to take the
party composed as stated above, on the
next day, (and the guard with us w'ould be
posted as to his part in the matter,) out
ostensibly to chop wood, and when the first
tree fell, we w r ere then to break and run.
I was to expose myself more than the rest.
The guard were to shoot blank cartridges
at me. I accordingly spoke to Bell and
told him my plans; he did not approve
them at first, but when I told him the par
ty could run one way, and 1 would expose
myself to be shot at, he seemed to admire
my courage, and agreed to my plans (as
he thought) for our escape. Bell, ever af
ter this overrated my courage; I told him
that they might shoot at me; I did not
care to live. It was a good chance for me
to convince him of my bravery, as there
was really no danger. At the time the
tree fell, i run down in front of the guard
and they fired at me. The other party did
as directed, and we made good our escape.
There re lly was no danger. A further
account of this affair was published in the
newspapers at that time. Although the
officers of the prison were very kind to me
during the whole of my confinement, I
have thought there was something behind
the scenes more than this, to lead to our
escape. It is generally known that Gen.
Estell made a bad contract with the State
to keep all her convicts, and he was very
anxious t j be relieved of said contract, but
could not do so. My opinion always has
been that he adopted this course to make
the contract system odious with the people
so he could be relieved of a bad bargain.
The following is, a description of indi
viduals composing Tom Bell’s party ;
“Tom Bell.—About six feet high; has
long auburn hair, thick light colored beard
all over his face, blue eyes, flat nose which
had been broken when a boy; complexion
light, slender made, weight 145 pounds,
and age 33 years.
Fred. Farnsworth—Stays with the
family at the mouth of the slough : age 35
years, 5 feet 9 inches high, weight 175
pounds, blue eyes, black hair and black
whiskers. The family is composed of an
old woman named Elizabeth Hood, and her
three daughters; she is a large fat woman,
has red hair and red face, and was born
in St. Louis county, Mo. The three
daughters are 9, 11, and 14 3 T earsold; the
oldest, Sarah, is kept by Tom Bell as his
Warren Farnsworth —Escaped from
jail at Nevada, during the time of the late
tire. Age 30, weight 140 pounds, round
shoulders, long black hair, heavy goatee,
and dark blue eyes.
English Bob—Formerly hostler at the
Mountaineer House; weight 140 pounds,
light hair, complexion the same, age 32
Ned Connor —Escaped convict; weight
150 pounds, dark brown hair, red whis
kers all over his face; he is 5 feet 8 in
ches high, blue eyes, and of Irish descent.
He is shot on the inside of the little finger
on the right hand.and through the second
finger. This was done in . the attack on
the Camptonville stagehand is not well yet.
Jim Smith —ls a German; he run
away several times from the State Prison,
but finally served his time out; weight
175 pounds, is 5 feet 10 inches high, has
light hair, gray eyes, and looks wild out of
them. On the back of one of his hands is
painted in Indian ink the initials of his
name, with a star between; a crucifix is
also on one of his arms.
Montague Lyon served 12 months in
the State Prison, is 6 feet high, age 25
years, cross eyed, with auburn hair and
light whiskers.
This confession is made with the prom
ise that you will do all in your power to
have me pardoned out of the State Prison.
If all I have not told you is not true, you
are hereby released from your promise. I
think what I have done and said will be of
great advantage to the people of this State,
and it is my intention to leave it, if par
doned.” r
The Orizaba—We learn—.that the
new steamer Orizaba is expected to arrive
at'San Francisco from New York via. Vir
gin Bay } in the course of $ few days, when
the regular semi-monthly line to-Nicaragua
will be resumed without interruption.
Interesting from Nicaragua!
Mr. Corwine, the Commissioner appoint
ed by our Government to investigate the
circumstances connected with the Panama
massacre in April last, has made his re
port. Mr. C. throws the whole responsi
bility of that affair upon the Granadian
authorities, and demands that the Grana
dian Government shall make reparation to
the amount of a half million of dollars.
He also recommends that our Government
should take military possession of the
Isthmus in case our demands are not com
plied with.
The Suffolk Steam Flouring Mills, at
East Boston, were totally destroyed by fire.
The resignation of Judge Mason as
Commissioner of Patents has been tender
ed to the President, but it is not believed
that he will vacate the office.
According to a decision of the Attorney
General, the additional per centage given
to navy agents, under the act of March 1,
1855, commences that day, but is to be
apportioned over the whole official year,
and not credited to any part of the year,
in case of death or resignation.
Two gentlemen, named C» C. McClure
and John Lay, were recently appointed a
committee by a mass mating of the citi
zens of St. Louis, to visit Kansas and in
quire into the actual condition of things
in that territory. The committee have re
turned and published their report. By
it it appears that their inquiries did not
extend beyond the movements of Gen.
Lane and the operations of the free State
Nicaragua News. —The report of the
battle of San Jacinto, received by the
Panama steamer, is confirmed. A party of
thirty of Walker’s men, under Col. Mc-
Donald, attacked and drove behind their
barricades a large number of rebels, num
bering 150, or perhaps more. In the en
counter one American was killed and sev
eral wounded. When the news of the oc
currence reached Granada, a strong feeling
manifested itself among the citizens and
soldiers to avenge the death of their coun
trymen, and both officers and soldiers re
quested Gen. Walker, to be allowed to vol
unteer and form a party for this purpose.
As the General would not consent to allow
any of the officers or soldiers attached to
regiments to go, the citizens, over whom
he had no control, volunteered, to the
number of 42, to fight the rebels upon
their own responsibility. Some men were
also raised in Masgaya and Tipitapa, mak
ing in all 65 men. These men, divided
into three bodies, attacked the enemy at
the San Jancinto Ranch and were repulsed.
Hamilton J. Bowie, of San Francisco,
died in Granada of the fever.
Nicarague Transit Company. —The
issue of the Nicaraguense of the 27th
September contains a leader congratulatory
of the revival of the Nicaragua Transit;
Company. It says:
By a decree published three weeks since,!
the Government of Nicaragua ceded all its I
rights to the Transit route, and all the |
property used on the line, embracing ware-1
houses, &c., together with whatever lands j
the Company may need to carry on its bus
iness, and also the macadamized road from
Virgin to San Juan delSud. The consider
ation paid for this property and the grant,
was four hundred and fifty thousand dol
lars ; and the Company bound itself to es
tablish ocean steamers on both sides of the
continent. It is also bound to transport
government mails, troops, Ac., free of
charge, and to pay into the Treasury of
the State a certain price for every passen
ger, and so much per centage on its profits.
The grant extends for twenty-one years,
and is given to perfectly responsible par
ties, who are willing to make the Nicara
gua route, from the Atlantic to the Pacific
ocean, better than any other.
The Nicaragua steamer Sierra Nevada,
Capt. Blethen, arrived in San Francisco,
on Sunday morning last, bringing four
days later news from New York, a week
later from Europe and Nicaragua. By
her the Nicaragua news, received via Pan
ama, with the exception of the shooting
of deserters, is confirmed.
President Walker’s army is in fine dis
cipline and spirits, and is continually re
ceiving reinforcements of men and arms.
The steamship Texas brought three hun
dred stand ot Minnie rifles, four mountain
howitsers, besides mortars, shells, ammuni
tion and men, and no doubt need exist
among his friends but that the next cam
paign will be entirely successful, and prob
ably terminate the long existing troubles
in that country. Many families are
already immigrating to Nicaragua to be
come permanent settlers in her rich val
leys, and the whole aspect of affairs in that
beautiful country is materially brightening
under the new regime.
Jennings Estelle was publicly executed
on the 19th for the murder of Lt. Chas.
Gordon, Both parties were from San
Irancisco, the latter having been a mem
ber of Engine Co. No. 13, and the former
recently a guard at the State Prison. He
was a wild, reckless youth, and killed
Gordon in cold blood and without provi
The Nicaraguense contains a long list
of sequestered haciendas for sale, at prices
varying from 54,000 to 20,000.
Massaya has been abandoned, and
Walker was concentrating his whole force
at Granada.
Maj. Heiss goes out by this steamer as
the Envoy of this Republic, empowered
to ratify the treaty entered into between
Nicaragua and the United States.
Under the auspices of Israel S. Diehl,
G. W. Patriarch of California, a move
ment on the subject of temperance has
been commenced in Granada, which prom
ises to work great good.
San Juan del Norte.—There are
eight British steam war vessels. at San
Juan del Norte, and there are, also, one
Italian merchant vessel, one United States,
and one vessel belonging to Nicaragua.
The flag of the Republic has been
changed. It consists of two blue stripes
with a white stripe between them, the lat
ter twice as wide as the former. • In the
middle of the white stripe is to be a red
star with five points. We are thus rid of
the eruptive device which has hitherto so
appropriately represented the state.
“Startling," but not Probable.
Under this caption the Alta gets up a
special pleading, to prove something that
facts do not substantiate. The conclusions
of that paper may be all correct, but the
implication of others, on the most flimay
pretenses, to make out a case of personal
\idicatiou of somebody else, is blamable, to
say the least, —not even sparing the dead.
In speaking of the discovery of .human*
remains, as published in the Stockton At
gus, the Alta says:
“W e do not give much credence to this
report, however, because we know of our
own knowledge, that there is no mining
shaft upon, nor within several mileslof the
place occupied by Oolebrook.'*
This is a mistake, we are credibly in
formed, as mining shafts are numerous in
that vicinity. The Alta continues :
J oa< l u iii Republican, in'
speaking ot the same discovery, says, the
bones were found while digging out a well
and that there were parts of no less than
twenty-seven different skeletons. Thev
were at first thought to be the remains oV
Indians, but a closer examination proved
them to be those of white men; and it was
supposed that Capt. Colebrook, brother to
the one above mentioned, and who had oc
cupied this ranch for nearly eight years,
had been in some way concerned in pla
cing them there. But there exists the
same objection to this version of the affair,
viz : there is no well, or at least was not, a
short time ago, upon the place; (he wa
ter having been supplied by springs near
the house, thus superseding the necessity
of digging any well.
Hence, the bones found, if any, must
have been in some place different from
those described; and if they were those of
human beings, they w- • ■•, without doubt,
the remains of Indian.' as the, are fro
quently met with, esj .llyinth vicinity
of springs; for near such spots the aborig
ines were in the habit of locating their
rancherias; and near these their dead
were often deposited, their remains being
disposed of sometimes by burning, some
times by burial.
This, we think, will prove to be x
proper solution of the mystery, if any such
quantity of human bones have been found,
as is above mentioned. Or oven if they
should turn out to be those of white men,
it does not follow that either Captain Cole--
brook or his brother had any agency in
causing them to be placed there.
During the early history of the country?
—that is, the gold-digging history, there*
were a great many desperate characters in
the neighborhood of Captain ColcbrookV
Texas Jack and Johnny Makin had their
headquarters at Collier’s, afterwards known
as the Antelope llaneh, one of the mast
notorious dens of thieves in all that, region
of country. This place was near Cole
brook’s; and it was well known that u
deadly hostility existed between him and
| these outlaws. Capt. Colcbrook often
i beaded attacks upon those desperadoes,
| and assisted on more than one occasion, in
, hanging some of their number; and, al
though a man of quick temper and reck
less courage, he was never considered a
dangerous or dishonorable man by the in-
I habitants in that section of country. What
he did, was generally done above board,
and in open daylight. It is possible that
he might have been engaged in some con
flict with these men, in which some of
their number were killed and disposed of.
without much regard to the rights of sep
ulture. We feel confldent it would onj *
be in some such manner that Captain Cs lh
brook could have had an agency, if
had, in causing these bones to be placed
where they purport to have been discov
ered. So lar as we know, after lading near
him tor th e years, he never was known to
have killed a man outright, nsr by taking
any undue advantage. In the difficult?
with a Chileno, at the Calaveras, he
not kill the man, as the papers leave
public to infer.
The same remarks, in regard to g.
al character, will apply, though per
with less force, to his brother; fo
know him, ha having come i
recently into the neighborhood. We ;
sumc, however, from the accounts, g ; n
in the papers, thair he deserved the
that overtook him. at Angels. Yet, w c
lieve there is little in the lives of either
these men to justify the.extravagant -
position of wholesale murder, indulge,; ,
our up-river coi«mporaries. In fact* tj ;
absurdity of the hypothesis upon wlui Tj'
they axe founded becomes apparent whcoJ
it is remembered that there are not, arm/
never have beeai, any mining, shafts
Colebrook’s Ranch; and also, that a well,
from which water could-be taken for daily i
use, would furnish.the least probable r' .
in the world where a man would be hV
to deposit human, remains.
So far as Bob Collier- is concerned, he i
fax from being such a man as the Alt
seems to insinuate. Sitae June 1840 w
have been acquainted with Collier; we the
started for California, together. - S uc<
gold was discovered our paths have be
amerent, out we know the man, and m 1
der is abhorrent to his nature;-bis
is too kind to do an uncharitable act to the
stranger, or be inhospitable to a traveller.
We know but little of Jonny Mak e..
»re informed he |s a’ bard-workio*> gO .
Texas Jack we never heard of. ~ CI: cr & '
Co., and Calbrook Co.,wercTrri ao j
frequently assisted each other to* 1 3tJ d
protect their loose stock.

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