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San Andreas independent. [volume] (San Andreas, Calif.) 1856-1861, November 22, 1856, Image 1

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VOL. I.
THE INDEPENDENT
Is published every SATURDAY MORNING,
«t Sau Andreas, Calaveras County, Cal. Office
in Corcoran’s Fire-proof Stone Building, corner
•of Main street and Broadway.
GEORGE ARMOR, Publisher.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.—One year, in
variably in advance. $5.00; six months, $3.00;
three months, $2.00.
TERMS OF ADVERTISING.—One square of
twelve lines, first insertion, $2.50; each sub
sequent insertion, $1.25. A liberal discount
will be allowed to yearly advertisers. Busi
ness Cards, not exceeding four lines $2.00 per
month.
S. W. Brockway, I Wm. Jeff. Gatewood,
Mokelumne Hill, j San Andreas.
BROCKWAY & GATEWOOD,
Attorneys and Counselors at Law,
CALAVERAS COUNTY.
-o
Will attend to all business intrusted to their
care, in the District f’ourt of the Fifth Judicial
District, and in the Supreme Court. 527-tf
I )U. P. GOODWYN,
PH I SICIAX A\ DSI RGEON,
Office opposite Benjamin & Co.’s, San
Andreas, Calaveras co., Cal. oct 4, ’56-tf
DRSTaUSTIN & RINGOr
HAVE ASSOCIATED tliemselves in the prac
tice of Medicine and Surgery.
They have also purchased the stock of o
Medicines of Dr. Brotherton, at his
stand in San Andreas, where they intend
keeping a general assortment of Drugs and
Medicines.
Sfgt'C’ Office. Main street, West side, a few doors
below Odd Fellows’ Hall. oct 4-tf
S. GUTHRIE,
News Dealer, Post-office Building,
MOKELUMNE HILL.
Papers always on hand. At
lantic and European Papers and Magazines re
ceived by every steamer. sep24-tf
KNICKERBOCKER HALL & BILLIARD
SALOON,
MAIN STREET, SAN ANDREAS,
and Cigars of the best quality
always on hand.
oct. 4, jG-tf WM. M. BUFFUM.
SHINGLES! SHINGLES!!
TV T E ARE RECEIVING DAILY FROM THE
f ▼ mountains, a superior quality of SHIN
GLES and SHAKES, which we offer for sale at
the lowest market price, at our Yard, between
the town and the Gold Hill House.
SAN ANTONIO DITCH CO.
San Andreas, Oct. 4, ’SG. oct 4-2 m
S. H. MAHLETTE,
SURVEYOR VND CIVIL ENGINEER, OF
lice, with Judge Thompson, Centre street,
next door to Sturgcs' stone building,
MOKELUMNE HILL.
Also, at Jackson's News Depot, Jackson, Am
ador county.
Desiring to resume the practice of my pro
fession among my old friends of Calaveras and
Amador counties, I respectfully solicit their
orders, which will be promptly attended to on
reasonable terms. S. H. MARLETTE.
Oct. 4. ’56-3ra
CORNWELL & HINZMAN,
[successors to g. bowman,]
Dealers in stoves, tinware, hard
ware. Paints, Gils, Window Glass,
Iron and Steel, and Crockery. Having a
good assortment of the above named ar
ticles. the patronage of the citizens of San An
dreas and vicinity is respectfully solicited, with
assurances of being fairly and honorably dealt
with, and goods will be sold at satisfactory pri
ces. — ALSO—
Plumbing and Jobbing at short notice.
San Andn-as, Oct. 4. T>6. oct 4-lm.
MAIN STREET MARKET,
G. S. WASHBURN, Proprietor,
WMTOULD respectfully inform the public that
vT he is prepared, at all times. tO|
furnish his patrons with thebest fresh*
Beef. Pork. Veal, Mutton,&c., the conn
try can afford. oct 4-tf
EMPIRE BAKERY AND RESTAURANT,
Main street, next door to
Fellows' Noll,
SA XA XD REA S. Ni
B. CROWLEY, Proprietor,
Takes pleasure in informing his friends and the
public in general, that after this date he will
keep constantly on hand —Bread, Pies and
Cakes in all varieties in the restaurant line.
ffegT" Meals will be ready at all hours at the
shortest notice.
N. B.—Balls and Parties supplied on short
notice, and most reasonable terms. oct4-tf
JEX.W MM)
RESTAURANT
Levtc street , a few Doors Bast of the Stage Office,
STOCKTON.
J. D. BOYLE & H. LEWIS, Proprietors.
The public generally are invited to give
ns a call, as we are at all times prepared to
ser\ e them in a superior style with the best the
markets afford. ‘ J. D. B. k H. L.
‘oard by the week, or meal at prices to suit the
ttmes - sept27-mtf
SPERRY’S HOTEL,
AT ycßrurs camp.
Proof Building,
lately erected hv ' t JbiSsIL
1.1 a iuui Duuamg, *
ate y erected by the subscribers.
nn U f Ivf been ele ? ant, y furnished through-
t ) he most approved style, and is now
read} for the reception of guests. Parlors and
suites of rooms for the use of ladies exclusively
and parties visiting the “Big Trees” or other
natural curiosities in the vicinity
The management of the domestic department,
is confided to Mrs. Perry, a lady of experience
Ihe BAR-is stocked with fi ne Wines and Li
quors, and the larder daily supplied with sea
sonable delicacies.
Stages arrive and depart daily f or Mokelum
ne Hill, Sacramento, Stockton, Sonora and Co
lumbia.
Parties of Pleasure, and transient guests,
will find every accommodation for their com
fort. SPERRY & PERRY.
. Murphy’s,August 20, 1856. s«pt2s-tf
SAN ANDREAS, CALAVERAS COUNTY, CAL., SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 22, 1856.
“Winning a Widow with a
‘Spring’ Hat.”
After riding twenty miles I reached
I Donaldsonville, La., just at dark. The
i Natchez packet sometimes arrived about
ten o’clock at night, and as I was bound
up the Mississippi, and did not want to
miss her, determined to wait at the wharf
office. Shortened the time by paying a
few visits to a coffee-house and billiard
room in the town. During one of these,
noticed the arrival of a party of French
creoles, who talked and swore over a dozen
“ mallard ducks,” loud enough to have
made you believe they’d been on the war
trail after Camanches, and brought in as
many scalps. At last walked over to the
wharf-office, settled down and found com
fort in a cigar, and as much of a newspa
per as the rather misty light of a bull-eyed
lantern would give me. The fire in the
stove roared bravely and sent out plenty of
warmth. I had dropped the paper and
only held on to the cigar, when I suddenly
woke up on hearing the door open, and a
couple of men enter. They found chairs,
and drawing up to the stove continued a
conversation, evidently just commenced as
they entered.
“ And so Buffer is going to be married?”
“ Wal he is I and a good match he’s
made of it. I tell you what she’s a rearer.
If he don’t have to put a kicking breech
on her afore he’s married a Week, you may
call me a fool. She’s got eyes like a pan
ther; an’ if he only lets her get the bit
atween her teeth—just for once —she’ll
carry him further nor he wants to go!
“ What makes him want to marry her
then?”
“Niggers, mules, and as neat a planta
tion as thar is on the Bayou. Two hund
red and fifty hogsheads clean sugar last
crop, an’ it they d only cut the cane air
lier, fifty more atop of it. She had a new
steam ingine put up last season, and tho’ that
cussed bagas-e burner’s a rousing humbug,
yet i reckon it’s all paid for; an’ all But
ter's got to do, is step in, hang up his hat,
an' sot right down to live like a fighting
cock.”
“Why didn't you »;o in there? The
last time I came down the fiver I heard
you were bucking up to the widow ?”
“ Wal now, Jim, to be honest, I did
think afore that Buffer stepped in, that I
just had it all my own way, and that I
was goin’ to get her—sure! As these
French say, ‘I made eyes at her/ —sav-
age! But, somehow or ’nother, she al
ways went dead agin old Massissip. A
man from our State had no kind of a show,
and though I put the tentions to her like
an uncle, it didn’t seem to be no use tryin’.
’Bout one time she did kind o’leanmy way.
You see nare ’bout the end of grinding sea
son old Farabole giv’ a dance down in his
sugar-house, and ’vited me and the wid
der, and a raft more; an’ down we went,
and the widder kind a felt her oats and
we reeled it off in the airly part of the
evening fit to kill; but by’m by that Buffer
he came on an’ just knocked me cold !
“Ye see he’d been down to the city
(New Orleans), and only ’rived on the
Bayou that night, an’ hearin’ thar was
goin’s on down to old Farabole’s sugar
house, down he cum. Wal, sir, he was
drest to death in the handsumest kind of
store-cloths, an’ the women war right up
on an end soon as he cum in.
“ I see the widder a fixin’ her panther
eyes on him, and I jest said to myself —
‘ Dick Tareout, you mout as well clear;
that ’ore Buffer’s too much for you in the
close line! I felt it at oncet. Wal, sir,
in about a mfnnit up comes Buffer, smiles
at the widder in a fascinatin’ manner, an’
ensists on dancin’ with her. Sez she,
‘ Yes ! Mister Buffer, it will ’ford me the
gratest pleshure:’ Gratestpleshure ! wal,
the way he squeezed her, when they
danced, I rather think it did. I kept an
eye on buffer. Now, you see, he’d been
stayin’ at the Saint Charleses, an’ puttin’
it through like forty, an’ he’d larnt all the
last agonies in the w r ay of bowin’ and scra
pin an’ say in’ leetle nothin’s; and, sir,
he carried his hat round in his hand all
oyer the sugar-house, down among the
bilcrs, and up round back of the ingine—
whar the licker was—every whar he toted
that ar’ hat.
“Now the widder didn’t jist ezactly
know what to make of it—coz it was a new
wrinkle —so twicet she said to him he’d
better let Big Jake, one of the house nig
gers, hold it/or him; but ’twant no use,
he held on fb’t tight as a wrench; at last,
jest as they were in the middle of a dance,
sez Buffer, with sech a smile, sez he—
-1 Mrs. Noiryeux, for yure sake I’ll do most
ennything!’ An’ he actilly held that ar’
hat in one hand, an’ hit it a lick with
t’other, and fetched top and rim right into
a pancake; knocked it right down flat.
“ I tell you wot, when the widder see
him do that, she was jest ready to drap—
she was so come over with his intentions.
Sacryfizing a bran new hat, and all to
gratify her little whim I I see at oncet
how he was goin’ it, an' I determined, sir,
to head him off. So 1 stepped up round
back of the ingine—whar the licker was
—an' I took a most a rousin’ big horn of
old Farabole’s rum, and huntin’ round
found pij/ hat. It was a right new one —
none oT your Kosshoot or wool hats, but a
regular beaver, stiff as a stove-pipe, and
shone like a pair of new blackened boots;
80 l a y s l¥<ld of that are hat, an’ goes
round back of the ingine an’ takes another
swingiu’ big, pull at the rum—an’ then I
felt jwt ready for action. The dance was
through, and as cheers was scarce, the
women were all seated on a few seats in
front of the bilers, an’ Buffer was a pilin’
on the soft things, an’ the widder was a
lookin’ tickled to pieces—when I made
my appairance on the stage !
“I works up to’rds the widder, and when
I’d got atween her and Buffer, sez I,
f A-low me the pleshure of your hand for
the next set!’
“‘Oh/ sez she, with a little sigh, ‘I am
so come over that I hardly feel abul to
dance agin!’
“ ‘Now/ sez I to myself, ‘old feller,
spread yourself or die!’ and I jest swings
my hat round for’ard, and as I said—‘You
had better say “Yes!” you’ll get over it a
dancin’, I held that ar’ hat in one hand
(jest as Buffer did his), and with t’other
1 druv the crown down with sich another
lick, that the linin’ jumped right through,
and bust the eend clean out.
“ ‘Raaly/ said she, ‘you skecred me !’
an’ I think I mout have done it. Thar
was my hat all knocked into infernal pieces
no bigger than bits, the rim all hanging
loose, the sides all smashed in, lining run
ning out, and the top off.. ’Bout that time
I turned my eye, and thar stood Buffer
a holdin’ his hat—jest as good as new, and
all in shape, sir! I looked at it twicet—
no mistake it was whole.
“ Sez he, ‘ You ought t’ get a Spring
Hat—a Shappoh Mechanic, as the French
call 'em. I’ve one here I” An’ then he
ups an’ shows the "whole insides of it, an’
how it works, an’ the hull lot of women
1 oked at him, like if he’d had a stove
pipe chock full of diamonds; the widder
’specially paternized him, tuck him under
the wing, an’ giv’ me the cold shoulder—
straight. Buffer’s got her. I’m tired of
La Fooshe, an’ am going back to the hills,
whar thar ar’ no more Widders that fellers
can cotton down to with Sparing Hats.”
Vines for the Decoration of Cottages.
Every person familiar with Downing’s
work on country houses must have ob
served the perfect fitness or appropriate
ness of every part of his ornamental de
signs; there are no incongruous groupings
of objects beautiful when taken alone—no
solecisms in taste. With the hope of in
teresting our readers, as well as impressing
them with a more distinct knowledge of
the merits of cottage drapery, we furnish
a few extracts. The expression which a
building derives from the aid of external
objects, and especially from trees, shrubs,
and vines, is thus pointed out: —
“It is upon these latter objects that the
true rurality of almost all simple cottages
depends; and nine-tenths of all the cottages
that have endeared themselves, through
their local and living beauty, to the hearts
of true poets and genuine lovers of nature,
have owed most of their charms rather to
this rurality—this wealth of bower, and
vine, and creeper, than to any carved or
sculptured gables, window heads, or other
features bestowed by the careful hand of
the architect.
“ Take almost any of those exquisite
cottages iu an English landscape, which
charm every beholder by a wonderful beany,
found in no other land in the same perfec
tion, and subject it to the dissecting knife
of the searcher after the secrets of that
beauty, and what does he find ? That not
one of these cottages is faultless, in a
strictly architectural sense nay, they
abound with all sorts of whimsical and pic
turesque violations of architectural rules
and proportions, and are often quite desti
tute of grace of form or outline.
“ But on the other hand, they are so
bewitchingly rural! Partly, to be sure,
by their thatched roofs, and latticed win
dows, and low stone walls, all of which
seem to grow out of the ground, and to be
rather a production of nature than of art,
(proving incontestibly how genuine is the
love of rural life in those who build and
inhabit such cottages,) but mainly through
the beautiful vines and shrubs that em
bower them, which, by partly concealing
and partly adorning their walls, give them
that expressive beauty of rural and home
feeling which makes them so captivating
to every passer-by.
This drapery of cottages —the vines
that climb, or trail, or creep over them,
and around their porches and windows—
deserves, then, something more than a
passing glance from all who would under
stand the secret of making a simple coun
try house beautiful at little cost. For it
must be remembered, also, that while chisel
ling ornaments in stone, or carving them in
wood, soon makes a figure in one’s ac
count book, a few roots of those vines
which will soon grow into forms of grace
ful and perennial beauty, may be had for a
trifle, or will be gladly given by some friend
whose garden overflows with its wealth of
shrubs and climbers.
“ But, though all vines are beautiful in
their appropriate places, they are not all
fitted for the decoration of rural cottages.
Some are only at home, when trailing over
rocky precipices, others when climbing
high trees, and others, again, are so deli
cate as to need the support of slender trel
lises in the flower-garden.
“ A vine fitted by nature for the drapery
of rural cottages, should unite fine foliage,
which holds its verdure for a long time,
and is not often the prey of insects, with
a good massy habit of growth. If its
flowers are also beautiful or fragrant, so
much the better, but by no means should
fine flowers, which last for a fortnight,
lead us to forget fine habit of growth and
good foliage, which are constant sources
j of pleasure.
| “ Besides these requisites, we must add,
j that popular vines for a cottage must be
such as are perfectly hardy, and need no
protection, and which have a way, for the
i most part, of taking care of themselves—
in other words, which will grow into pleas
ing or picturesque forms with only an hour
jor two’s pruning or tying up once a year,
j “For cottages at the North, one of the
best hardy vines is the Virginia creeper,
(better known as the American Ivy, or
five leaved Ampelopsis,) a wild plant which
' S rows yhh wonderful luxuriance, and at
taches itself withoutany assistance to wood
or stone, by the fibres it throws out from
its stem. Its leaves, glossy green in sum
mer, but turning to the finest crimson be
fore they fall in autumn, the rapidity of j
its growth, and the absolute no-care-at-all
which it requires, will commend it as per
haps the best of all plants, when the effect of
foliage is desired in as short a time as pos
sible, as well as for concealing or adding
to the beauty of any part of a hkirk wall
of a cottage.*
“The Chinese Wistaria, now perfectly
naturalized in the Middle States, is one of
the finest vines for the pillars of the cot
tage porch or veranda. It will extend its
shoots to 40 or 50 feet, if allowed, while
it may be kept within the limits of a small
column, if desired. Its long pendent clus
ters of delicate pearly lilac flowers, have a
strikingly elegant appearance when properly
scattered over the shoots in May, and its
abundant light green foliage has a pleasing
effect, whether for trellis, wall, or veran
da, j*
“Climbing roses arc also great favorites
for pillars and porch trellises. The most
deservedty popular for the cottage, are the
Boursalt and the Double Prairie roses—be
cause they have fine foliage, grow very
; rapidly and luxurautly, blossom profusely,
and are perfectly hardy in all parts of the
Union. The Amoch's is the best variety
of the Boursalt, and the Queen of Prairies
s and Baltimore Belle the best Double Prui
| ries for cottage decoration. Amateurs who
| wish to add a still further charm, and are
, willing to bestow a little more careonthem,
I may, by budding the long shoots with
I Bourbon roses, have a succession of fine
flowers every day during the whole grow
(ing season.
“In the Southern States, the fine Noi
| sette roses, such as Cloth of Gold, and
I Solfaterre, take the place of the Prairie
roses of the North.
“Among the honesuckles—the “lush
woodbine” of the poets —there are two
admirably adapted for cottage adornment,
viz: the Japan or Evergreen Honeysuckle,
(Lonicera japonica |) and the Trumpet
Honeysuckle, (both scarlet and straw color.)
The former is deliciously fragrant, and
blooms all summer, holding its masses of
rich, dark green foliage till mid-winter;
and the latter, though not fragrant, grows
in fine masses, and flowers most abundantly
at all times. Neither of these honey
suckles is infested with the insects which
deform some of the other species, and
render them unfit to be planted near a cot
tage window.
“ For cottages of stone, brick, or rough
cast, there is no climbing plant in the
whole world equal to the Ivy—the ever
green Ivy of Europe. Its dark green
foliage forms at all seasons of the year, the
richest drapery that ever festooned or
wreathed either castle or cottage; and we
need say nothing of the associations with
out number, which the mere sight of this
plant always brings to the mind.
“ The Ivy does not thrive very well in
New-England, except in sheltered places,
for the winters are rather too severe for it;
but in all other parts of the Union, it
grows easily and rapidly. JC likes a dry
and loose soil, and should, at the North,
while young, be a little protected, for a
winter or two, with boughs of evergreen,
till it gets established. It will often thrive
in cold sites, on the north sides of houses,
or under the shade of trees, when it fails
in sunnier sites, because it is the sunshine,
iu mid-winter, and not the frost which in
jures it in the latter situations. The Giant
Ivy, (now quite common about Philadel
phia) is a larger leaved, richer looking,
and more vigorous variety, than the old
species,
or Virginia Creeper may be used as a sub
stitute for the European Ivy; both bearing
a resemblance only iu attaching them
selves firmly (by the little rootlets sent
out from their branches) to the wall, how
ever hard it may be, and neither of them
injuring it. Indeed, the European Ivy
preserves a stone wall from decay.”
* In some of the forests of Western N. York,
growing on the broad lowlands, this plant pre
sents a most conspicuous aud striking appear
ance, when its leaves change color in autumn.
The branchless trunks of the trees, to a height
of sixty or seventy feet, are not unfrequeiTtly
covered from bottom to top with an uninter
rupted mass of brilliant crimson, and even
many of the larger limbs up among the dense
green of the forest, are enveloped in the same
fiery glow.— Cultivator.
fOne of the finest plants of the Wistaria in
this country is now growing at Yorkville, near
New York. It covers an arbor, some fifteen
feet length and breadth and there were the
past season about four thoutand racemes of flow
ers, each raceme being large enough to fill one’s
hat.— lb.
twining Honeysuckle, of same va
riety as sold in California nurseries.— lndtp.
To those who prefer uniting the useful
with the beautiful, the grape and the hop
are recommended of the former, the
Catawba and Isabella are named as thriving
best, and to which we would add the Clinton,
as being remarkable for its hardiness, free
growth, and dense masses of light colored
foliage. The hop is justly pronounced the
most rustic of all climbing beauties, and
ornamental in the highest degree, although
usually condemned to a pole in the kitchen
garden or hop field. For houses that need
occasional painting, it is proposed to place
the trellis for the support of climbers, at
least a foot from the exterior walls.
British Fillibusterlsm.
The history of British India is among the
wonders of modern civilization. England, a
mere island in the northern ocean, so in
considerable in territory, so small in pop
ulation, and so distant in position : India,
so ample in her peninsular boundaries as
to be the scat ot several kingdoms, all once
and powerful, sending out strong
armies and equally affluent in the resources |
ot Avar and of peace; India , with a pop
ulation of one hundred and fifty millions,
or one-sixth part of the population of the
entile globe, on the opposite side of which
it is located, as if to be forever beyond
the reach ot British influence and inter
: fereuce; and yet this immense territory and
i population subdued by an English Com
pang, not by the English nation; by filli
blisters who can only compare with the Cu
ban, and whose leaders Nicaraguan Walker
would often blush for; and all within a cen
tury, the world looking on and making
no complaint or resistance; such arc the
leading facts in this astounding record, and
yet it maybe hoped from what is seen from
partial developments, as it may be unhesi
tatingly believed from the highest assu
rance, that despite the cupidity, the vio
lence, and the innumerable and deep
wrongs which have instigated or attended
the British conquests and annexations in
India, an amount of good will be secured
[ which wih vustlj DTurbalance the evil, even
i the selfishness, the cruelty, and the crimes
j of her oppressors being made subservient
to a higher civilization and the introduc
tion and triumph of pure Christianity.
Having lately spent some days with an
intelligent German in the service of the
English Church Missionary Society, who
has resided for many years, indeed during
all his active life, in India, and who is
well acquainted with the state of things in
the kingdom of Oudc, recently annexed
to the British dominions, I will embody
facts which 1 obtained from his conversa
tion with others, obtained from various
sources, which may give your readers some
new ideas of British expansion and British
civilization in the East.
The Marquis of Dalhousie, who has gov
erned India for the last weight years, closed
his administration the last spring, and re
turned to England. Ills administration
was marked above all others by a succes
sion of annexations to the British empire
in India, the morale of which in all cases
was about the same. A very furor of
annexation seemed to possess him; and re
solved to signalize the last year of his ad
ministration, he added to the British In
dian empire, already a very monster for
magnitude, the kingdom of Oude—a coun
try larger, richer and more populous than
his native Scotland. In the first place,
he annexed the Punjaub, Avith an area of
78,000 square miles, and a population of
7,000,000. Then he annexed Berar, with
an area of 80,000 square miles and a pop
ulation of 4,000,000. He also annexed
Pegu, with an area of 20,000 square
miles and a population of 1,500,000. De
sides these, he annexed Sahara andJhansi,
of whose dimensions and population I am
not informed, but believe they are both
considerable. In closing his career he
annexed the kingdom of Oudc, with a
territory of 25,000 square miles and a pop
ulation of 3,500,000. In eight years only i
the Governor General annexed territories
exceeding 200,000 square miles and a |
population of more than seventeen millions,
or a territory equal to twice the size of
England, Scotland and Ireland, with a |
population exceeding in number all the
inhabitants together of Belgium, Holand,
Denmark, Sweden, and Norway! And
yet it is impossible to open an English
newspaper or converse half an hour with
an Englishman, without reading or hear
ing the most insulting reproaches of the
United States for their territorial annexa
tions !
It was openly avowed that the Punjaub
and Pegu were annexed by conquest and
not by treaty; they were coveted as useful
appendages to British India, and therefore
British troops were marched into these
weaker States to overrun and subdue them.
As to the kingdom of Oude, as well as
some other independent States, the gov
ernment of India had agreed some fifty
years ago to protect it from internal aud
external enemies on the condition of re
ceiving a certain concession of territory
and a certain sum of money. The conse
quence of this policy was, that the king,
like a true Oriental, gave himself up to
habits of indolence and dissipation, feeling
less responsibility in the administration ot
his kingdom because the English had
come under obligation to preserve order
and keep the machinery of government in
motion, for which purpose a British agent
was appointed to reside in the capital.—
j The necessary result of protection in this
j form is to fake away from the protected
Prince all interest in the good government
of his country. Ho is without responsi
bility to his people, and therefore in due
i time sinks into a sensualist and a sot. It
should bo remarked that all these treaties
tor protectingthe Indian kings and princes
were not requested by thorn, but were
forced upon them by the British Governor
I General. Why, then, was the kingdom
ot Oude blotted from existence and its
territory annexed to the British posses
sions in India t The only pretext given
by the Marquis of Dalhousie was mal-ad
mimstration on the part of the govern
ment ot ()ude—a very indefinite charge,
which could as readily be brought against
the East India Company, and therefore its
possessions be annexed to any adjacent
State which might covet them. * Whether
the government of Oude was wisely or un
wisely administered, the English" had no
claims to the country ; and in dethroning
the king and taking possession of his ter
ritory, they acted the part of the filibus
ters, for whose conduct in Cuba and Nica
ragua they execrate and denounce the
Americans. Pegu, the Punjaub, Bcraz,
Sattara, Jhansi, and Oude, all annexed to
the British empire in the short space of
eight years, with more than 200,000 square
miles of territory and 17,000.000 people!
without rhyme or reason except the British
cupidity of gold and the insatiable greed
for additional domain. Oude is one of the
richest countries in Asia. The soil is ex
ceedingly fertile, while some districts arc
as rich in minerals as Cornwall in England.
Already the East India government have
made their estimates of annual gain, cal
culating that the revenue in some three or
four j’cars will exceed the expenses of the
government above twelve millions of
dollars in this annexed kingdom only.
Such is the kingdom of Oude—a perfect
garden in its culture and productiveness,
A greater outrage was never perpetrated,
whose infamy is enhanced by the hypoc
risy under which it was perpetrated.
The King of Oude has funds to the
; amount ot nine mill tons of dollars inves
i ted in India public securities, besides per
sonal property and jewels; to which the
government of India adds an annual pen
sion of six hundred thousand dollars!
A sybarite as he is said to be, like other
eastern princes, deposed and kicked from
his throne as he is, he need not sutler
I essentially from apprehensions of coming
to want when he retires to private life.
In eight years Lord Halhousie added
four kingdoms besides considerable terri
tory to the British empire, from all of
which the East India Company derive an
annual income of from twenty to twenty
five millions of dollars above the expenses
of the government. He worked hard;
he was energetic and sagacious, and did
more for the enlargement of the British
domain in India than any of his predeces
sors; and upon resigning his office the
East India Company voted him, ingrati
tude for his services, the nice sum of
825,000 per annum during his life, which
the helpless and miserable population of
these despoiled and plundered kingdoms
must pay.
With such facts before him, an Amer
can can hardly choke down his indignation
when lie hears his own country assailed by
Englishmen for its penchant fox annexa
tion, whatever may he his own thoughts of
the policy or justice of adding to our bound
less domain.— Jioston Traveler.
A Satisfactory Experiment. —We
take from Hutchings California Maga
zine the following account of an experi
ment on a Chinaman by the Digger Indians
on the Cossumnes river:
When the Indians first saw Chinamen
at work on this river, just above this spot,
there arose a dispute among them as to
whether Chinamen were Indians or not—
one party arguing that they were an inferi
or kind of Indians that lived far over the
big water; and the other, that their eyes
and general expression of the face, in no
way resembled those of an Indian; conse
quently they could not belong to the Indi
an people at all. They all, however, came
to the conclusion, that if Chinamen were
Indians they could certainly swim. This
being decided upon, they soon determined
to prove the fact; and, while a Chinaman
was crossing a log, (when the river was at
its highest,) the Indians, without any fur
ther ado, quietly pushed him into the sur
ging stream and drowned him. This at
once set the question at rest; and all are
now aggreed that Chinamen arc not Indi
ans.
Poultry. —The Boston Journal in
speaking of the Agricultural show racent
ly held at Bradford, Vermont, thus notices
the decline of the “Hen Fever ”
Chickabiddy-dom is very poorly repre
sented. The very last specimen of the
“Imperial Chittagong,” (as some gull-trap
per dubbed the tall, screeching, indescri
bable, yclept Shanghaes,) are here exhibi
ted and are as great curiosities in their
way as the “unicorn,” the “guyascutas”
or other fabled freak of nature. Some
Polish and black Spanish biddies—mode
rately good—and some fine China and
Bremen geese made up the show. The
absence of native hens shows, with an ex
ception or two enumerated above, that the
taste of the exibitors is more in favor of
legs than eggs.
NO. 9.

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