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VOL. 22. Carmelita. Carmelite's perfumed curl lu the maddening waltz’s whirl Swings across Felipe’s mouth; What new beauty seckelh he Who beneath her lids may see Sleepy midnights of the South. Carmelite kneels, arrayed In her triple crown of braid, With a rapt and saintly air; Yet she does not fail to hold Her black mantle’s broidered fold Daintily, with certain care. Carmelite’s glances rise To Felipe’s earnest eyes; Turns he yet, untouched —heart-whole; With a cheek of tinted cream, With the figure of a dream, Carmelita lacks a soul. — Man/ C. F. Wood. Circumstantial Evidence. AN EXTRAORDINARY CASE. On the 12th of September, 1868, a farmer’s boy discovered on the banks of White river, about three miles north of the city of Indianapolis, the dead bodies of Jacob Young and Nancy Young, his wife, two reputable persons of that place. The post mortem examination disclosed the fact that Mrs. Young had been killed by a pistol shot, the ball en tering the back part of the head and coursing upward through the brain un til it lodged upon the inner surface of the frontal bone The ball proved to be a cartridge pistol ball. Mr. Y'oung had been killed by the discharge from a double-barreled shot-gun, which was found by his side, with one barrel ex ploded, the other barrel heavily charged with ten buckshot, and standing cocked. The position and course of the wound upon Young and his wife proved conclu sively that they had been murdered. No pistol was discovered. The day after the discovery of the murder it was ascer tained that the shot gun found by the dead bodies had been purchased from a pawnbroker in Indianapolis on the day of the murder. Ihe gun was identified by means uf a broken thimble and a pe culiarity about the looks, and the man who had purchased it was accurately de scribed by the pafwnb. oker and a negro servant who was present when the pur chase was made. At the time of the murder a g utlemau and his two chil dren, wfio were fishing some distance be low the scene of the murder, heard the report of firearms in the direction of the place where the bodies were found. Five minutes before the report was heard, the children saw the deceased and anoth •er woman walking on the sand bar near where they were killed. A farmer and his son, driving along the road within a few hundred yards of the place, heard two reports, one loud like a shot gun, aud the other sharp, like a pistol, and so near together that it was difficult to dis tinguish them. A man and his wife liv ing a quarter of a mile from the scene, heard two reports, and a scream between them. The witnesses agreed that the time was about four o’clock, p. m. 'I he horse "and buggy of the deceased were found hitched in the road near by. On examining the neighboring ground the well defined tracks of a woman wear ing a number three gaiter, making long steps, as if in flight, were traced from a point near the dead bodies, through the woods to a place where they intersected the track of a buggy, going in the direc tion of Indianapolis, and drawn by an an imal wearing small-sized interfering shoes. The tracks of the woman and the horse and the buggy were all accurately meas ured. These were the clues, and tbe question arose, Who bought the gun? Who was the woman in company with the deceased? Who drove the buggy in which the murderers fled from the scene of the tragedy? The pawnbroker sold the gun at nine o’clock in the morning. Between the hours of eihgt and nine three applications for a second-baud gun had been made, at as many auction stores and pawnbrokers’ shops, by a man having sandy hair and complexion, and at the third place he had inquired of a bright little girl, who took him to the door, directed him across the street, and saw him enter the establish ment where the gun was purchased, which in seven hours afterward, had slain Young. Five witnesses identified William J. Abrams, a reputable carpen ter of Indianapolis as the man who pur chased the gun. Mr. Abrams was arrest ed. aud attention was then d reeled tothe subject of the horse and buggy tracks. The afternoon of the murder Silas Hartman had hired a horse aud mare from a livery stable. The mare wore small interfering shoes, and a shoe taken from her foot was applied to the track made in the woods near the scene of the murder, and it fitted exactly. A plaster cast of the shoe was taken, and was com pared with thousands of horse shoes, without finding one that would go in it. Hartman was lodged in jail. Some farmers coming to Indianapolis the afternoon of the murder met Young and his wife going in their carriage in the direction of the place where they were murdered, with a lady sitting in the same seat with Mrs Y’oung. A few rods behind the carriage Silas Hartman, driv ing the livery stable mare, was seen by the same parties. He was recognized, but when they attempted to speak to him be turned his head aud drove by them without returning their salutation. Several of these witnesses testified that Nancy E. Clem, the wife of a leading grocer in Indianapolis, was the lady who occupied the seat with Mr. Youngs wife in his carriage. Silas Hartman, who followed in the buggy, was her brother. A close watch was p'aced upon Mrs. Clem's movements, but her arre.-t was delayed three weeks. This delay in her arrest insured her conviction. The confederate Abrams was in jail, and had difficulty in raising monev to pay attorney fees. He sent for his broth er, and directed him to go secretly to Mrs. Clem's house and get several thou sand dollars, and to ‘‘tell her that the money must come.” The brother obey ed these directions, and Mrs. Clem yield ing to the demand, went into a cellar, where she had a package of bills conceal ed in a stovepipe hole in a chimney, and gave Abram’s brother several thousand dollars, and told him to tell his brother in jail not to send for any more money, as it would excite suspicion. The murdered man was known to have had over seven thousand dollars on his person a few hours before he was mur dered. On the day of the murder, Abrams, who had purchased a gun, went to Mrs. Clem’s house, from which she was absent a good portion of the after noon, and remained there till she return ed, and received a large sum of money from her immediately upon her return. It was proved that Mrs. Clem offered her sewing girl §OOO if she would swear that she was at home during the after noon of the murder. By means of bribes and threats she procured her niece, her sister-in-law, and an Irish servant to swear before the Grand J ury that she was at home and at the house of her sister-in law, next door, during that afternoon, and these persons afterwards confessed their perjuries, and testified on oath that she had suborned them. She procured a book peddler to swear that he had de livered a book to her in person, at her house, the afternoon of the murder, and persuaded a miller, who had delivered a sack of flour at her house ou another day to swear that it was the day of the mur der, and that he conversed with her at the very hour of the murder. Siie procured another man to swear that he met her ia the Indianapolis post office, and acci dentally trod upon her dress and apolo gized to her, the same afternoon. She procured two women to swear that they met her shopping in a dry goods store a few minutes afterward. Immediately upon her return from the murder she told a neighbor, who noticed her flushed appearance, that she had been at home canning grapes over the hot stove all the afternoon of the murder, the fact being that no grapes had be n canned. And on her examination before the Coroner's jury before her arrest, she swore she was at home at the time the murder was com mitted. On the day of the funeral of Young and h s wife she stood at her front gate as the procession went by, and said to a friend that she had no acquaintance with Young or his wife; the fact being that she had been visiting bis house with her sister-in-law two oi three t ines a week for months prior to the murder. In fact, there was no end to the lies she told and hired others to tell for her. When she was arrested she was wear ing a pair of carpet slippers belonging to her colored servant, and not a slipper or shoe of any kind belonging to her could be found in aer house. Inquiry was made at several of the shoe stores in In dianapolis, and it was ascertained that a boy had sold Mrs. Clem a pair of No. 3 gaiters a few days before the murder. The boy was requested to get a pair of the same size of the same manufacture. They were procured, and a careful meas urement showed that the heels were too deep for the woman’s track in the woods near the ncad bodies but corresponded with them in every other particular. Upon this being mentioned the boy re membered that Mrs. Clem complained of the high heels when she bought them, and inquired for a shoemaker, and upon being directed where to go, started to have them altered. The shoemaker remembered that he hjid altered the heels of a pair of gaiters for Mrs. Clem, and upon being request ed to alter the new pair in a similar man ner, he removed a portion of the heel just as he had done for her, and when thus altered the gaiters fitted the track near the dead bodies to perfection. The servant girl swore that she saw Mrs. Clem’s new gaiters lying on a bed in the house a day or two Joefore the murder; that she saw the same gaiters soiled and muddy on the porch the morning after the murder; that Mrs. Clem passed out by them on the porch, and that they were never seen afterward. It was also proved that Mrs. Clem was seen to go into the carriage with Young and his wife as they were going in the direction where they were murdered the afternoon of the murder; and one witness, who had known her and her brother Silas for years, met them coming home in a bug gy from the direction of the murder at a rapid pace, and swore that they refused to recognize him. 't he most remarkable feature of the case, however, and one that has excited a curiosity that will never be allayed un til the guilty parties confess and explain it. grew out of the secret and mysterious financial transactions which were carried on between Mrs. Clem and her victim Young, and other prominent citizens of Indianapolis, for months prior to the murder, and up to the very day of its commission. Y'oung, the murdered man, had been a porter in a hardware store, and was known to be poor. Suddenly he gave signs of wealth, improved his property, bought him a horse and car riage, quit working, and informed his employers that he was engaged in a bus iness that was realizing enormous pro fits. He borrowed largo sums of money at enormous rates of interest, invariably upon short time, and always repaid them before his obligations matured. He kept a large bank balance at one of the Indianapolis national banks, and estab lished a credit that enabled him to pro cure the endorsements of some of the leading business men of the place. No one knew his business, and when asked by his endorsers what he was doing, he put them off with evasive answers. He was murdered September 12th, 1868, and twenty-seven thousand dollars of his paper matured in bank on the 14th. This amount was paid by his endorsers. I He was seen in a bank the day he was murdered with seven thousand five hun | dred dollars in his pocket, and one wit ness swore that Mrs. Clem said that Y'oung had given her twenty thousand dollars on the morning of the day of the murder. The financial transactions of Y'oung covered a period of six months, nnd during the whole time he was visit ing Mrs. Clem’s house as often as two or three times a week, and always when her husband was at his grocery store. Mrs. Clem’s husband nevermet Young and never knew that his wife was ac quainted with him nntil after the mur der. Mrs. Clem was also in the habit of visiting Mrs. Y'oung’s house two or throe times a week, in company with her sis SHASTA, CAL., SATURDAY, DECEMBER 20, 1873. ter-in-law, and when there she and Y’oung would retire to an adjoining room, where they would be engaged in conversation and writing for a few minutes. When questioned by her sister-in-law about the nature of her business relations with Young, she put her off with evasive an swers. Meanwhile Mrs. Clem and Y'oung had plenty of money. During the same time the same time the fortunes of her convicted accomplice, Abrams, who purchased the gun, began visibly to im prove. He quit working at his trade, commenced loafing and borrowing mon ey at high rates of interest, kept a re spectable balance in bank, paid his bank paper promptly, and spent a good portion of his time visiting Mrs. Clem’s house. Hut the strangest part of the transactions remains to Be told. Dr. Duzan, a lead ing physician of Indianapolis and a man of wealth, had been acquainted with Mrs. Clem since she was a child, and had al ways been her family physician. Before her arrest Mrs. Clem had testified as a witness in the Grand .Jury room, and had there positively asseverated that she had never had any financial dealings with Dr. Duzan and that he would not testify otherwise. All the leading bankers in the city were examined and compelled to produce the bank accounts of Ur. Du zan. Young, the murdered man, and Abrams, Mrs. Clem’s confederate. Mrs. Clem kept no bank account during these transactions. A comparison of these bank accounts revealed the fact that there were the most intimate relations existing between them. When Dr. Duzan would check §IO,OOO out of his bank, Young would make a deposit of the same amount the same day; and when Y'oung would draw upon his bank balance, Dnzau’s would be increased to the same amount. It was the same with the bank accounts of Young and Abrams. Dr. Duzan swore in all his trials that he never knew or saw Y'oung, and that he never had any dealing with him directly or indirectly. Duzan, however, had large business tran sactions with Mrs. Clem. She began by borrowing small sums of five hundred or a thousand dollars at a time for short periods of seven to ten days at enormous rates of interest; invariably returning money with interest before due, and telling Duzan that she was engaged in large speculations with leading business men in Indianapolis, and that she would tell him all about it at the proper time. These loans increased until Duzan at one time advanced her over twenty thousand dollars, for which he took no receipt, note, or memorandum. It in variably happened that the very day she would obtain the money from Duzan, Young would make a deposit of a like amount to pay off a note in bank. As has been stated, §27,000 of Yimng's paper matured in bank on the 14th of September, 1808. Four or five days be fore that time Mrs. Clem came to Duzan in great distress of mind, and as he tes tified, wept bitterly, and begged him to lend her §22,000. Just at this time, Duzan’s bankers had become inquisitive concerning the use he was making of his money, and upon his refusal to tell them, they withdrew their accommoda dations. He informed Mrs. Clem that he could aid her no longer. Y'oung evi dently looked to her to provide the means to meet his maturing notes, and when she found it impossible to effect a loan from Duzan she found herself at the end of the rope. She was compelled to close the account, and catching at the nearest way, she accompanied Young and his wife on their ride. Her brother (Silas) followed in a buggy with the gun purchased by Abrams. Young and his wife were murdered, and the murderers fled to Indianapolis in the manner de scribed. Mrs. Clem was first tried in the fall of 1868, and but for the obstinacy of a Ger man juror, who stood out for conviction against eleven for acquittal, she would have gone scot free. Upon the second trial she was convicted and sentenced to the State prison for life. Her brother Silas (who had testified in her behalf, and had been detected in a dozen per i juries concerning his whereabouts on the day of the murder), committed sui | cido in jail the night of her conviction |by cutting his throat with a razor. ! Abrams was then tried and convicted of i murder in the first degree—the proof of j the purchase of the gun by him a few I hours before the murder being clear and conclusive; also his dividing the money with Mrs. Clem after the murder.' The Supreme Court reversed the .'judgment against Mrs. Clem and gave : her a new trial, upon a shallow techni cality that led many ignorant people to believe that the Court had been corrupt ed. Her counsel took a change of venue, i and she was tried the third time at Le banon, Boone County, Indiana. That trial resulted in a divided jury. The fourth and last trial has just been con cluded by a verdict of guilty, with a sentence of imprisonment for life. Thus has ended one of the most remarkable chapters in the history of the criminal j jurisprudence of this country. We i doubt if even the celebrated Webster j case furnished stronger illustration of the efficacy and reliability of a connected ; chain of circumstantial evidence. At first it was pronounced incredible that Mrs. Clem should have had any connec tion with the murder of her two friends, but little by little the truth came to light, until her guilt was so clearly re vealed, that no intelligent mind could doubt it alter carefully considering the facts. Bench and Bar for October. Louise Muhlbach, the popular Ger man novelist, died in Berlin on the twenty-eighth of September, aged fifty nine years. She was born in Nenbrad j enbnrg in 1814, of a family of high so cial position. She received a liberal ed ucation, and married Theodore Mundt, a rising author, and later a professor of arts and sciences. Her real name was Clara Miller, Louise Muhlbach being a | nom de plume. In 1861 her husband ! died insane. She left two daughters, 1 Theodora and Theresa. Her numerous novels are well known in this country. Recently she was the correspondent of a 1 New York paper. HOUSEHOLD. The Hands. —In order to preserve'the hands soft and white, they should always be washed in warm water, with fine soap, and carefully dried with a moderately coarse towel, being well rubbed every time to insure a brisk circulation, than which nothing can be more effectual in promoting a transparent and soft sur face. If engaged in any accidental pur suit which may hurt the color of the hands, or if they have been exposed to the sun. a little lemon juice will restore their whiteness for a time; and honey soap is proper to wash them with. This can be procured at any respectable chemist’s. Almond paste is of essential service in preserving the delicacy of the hands. It is made thus: Blanch and beat up four ounces of bitter almonds, add to them three ounces of almond juice, throe ounces of almond-oil, and a little weak spirit of wine. The follow ing is a serviceable pomade for rubbing the hands on retiring to rest: Take two ounces of sweet almonds, beat with three drachms] of spermaceti, put up carefully in rose water. How to Give Children ax Appetite. —Give the children an abundance of out door exercise, fun and frolic; make them regular in their habits, and feed them only upon plain, nourishing food, and they will seldom, if ever, complain of a lack of appetite. But keep them overtasked in school, confined closely to the house the rest of the time, frowning down every attempt at play; feed them upon rich or high seasoned food, can dies, nuts, etc., allow them to eat be tween meals and late in the evening, and you need not expect them to have good appetites. On the contrary, yon may expect that they will be pale, weak, md sickly. Don’t cram them with food when they don’t want it, or have no appetite— for such a course is slow murder. If they have no appetites, encourage, and if need be, command them to take exercise in the open air. Don’t allow them to study too much, and especially keep them from reading the exciting literature which so much abounds in our book stores and circulating libraries. In ad dition to securing exercise for the chil dren as above, change their diet some what; especially if they have been eat ing tine Hour, change to coarse or Gra ham flour. Sickness is the most expensive thing on the face of the globe. There may be instances w here it makes people or chil dren better, but generally it makes them selfish, sad, misanthropic, nervous, mean and miserable. The best way to make children happy -and good is to keep them well.— Boston Journal cj Chemistry. Coffee Cakk. —One cup sugar, one of molasses, one of butter or lard, one of cold coffee, two tablespoonfuls of soda, one-half pound raisins, one-half pound currants, a tablespoon cinnamon, and nutmeg to taste. Jennie Lind Pudding. —One cup su gar, one egg, ofce spoonful butter, one cup sweet milk, one pint flour, two and one-half teaspoons baking powder. Bake three-quarters of an hour, and serve wph sauce. Ginger Snaps. —One coffee-cup of su gar, one coffee-cup of molasses, one cof fee-cup of butter, one-third coffee-cup of sweet milk, one tablespoonful of ginger, and one tablespoonful of soda. Bub sug ar and butter together, add cinnamon, cloves and a little flour, then add molas ses and ginger, then the soda dissolved in the milk, and last add flour to mak. stiff and hard. Taking Wood on the River.— At one point, when we supposed we were com fortably holding our way in the channel, a torch-light flared up, and showed us nearing a scraggy bank. The thin, low prow of the boat ran upon the land. Gangways were lowered; planks were run from the boat’s side to the bank, two score negroes sprang from some myste rious recess below, and assembled for ward before the capstan. The shower of harmless sparks from the torches cast momentary gleams over the rude but kindly black faces. A sharp-voiced white man, whom we afterwards learned to call the “Wasp,” because he always flew nervously about, stinging the sprawl ing negroes into activity, thrust himself among the laborers. Twenty stings from his voice, and the darkey forms plunged into the darkness beyond the gangways. Then other torches were placed upon the bank—and long (wood piles appear ed. The Wasp flitted restlessly from deck to shore, while the negroes attack ed the wood-piles, and, each taking half a dozen sticks, hurried to the deck with them. Presently there was an endless processsion of black forms from the wood piles to the vessel and plunging back across the flickering light, to the tune of loud [adjurations and oaths from the Wasp. Now and then the dusky chain of laborers broke into a rude chant, be ginning with a prolonged shout, such as “ Oh! I los’ my money dare!" and followed by a gurgling laugh as if the singers were amused at the sound of their own voices. The Wasp, always kindly and well-disposed towards the negroes, despite his rough ways, broke into appeal, threat, and entreaty, when any one of the darkies stumbled or lag ged. Then it was that he cried rasping ly, “Yon, Reuben!” “You, Black Hawk!” with an oath. “Come on there, you Washington! ain’t yon going to hear me!” Sometimes the Wasp sped among the negroes, stinging them into such ac tivity that a whole wood-pile vanished as if swallowed by an earthquake. So it was that in two hoars and a half sixty cords of wood were transferred from the bank to the boat, and the Wasp, calling the palpitating wood-carriers around him, thus addressed them, “Now, you boys, listen. Yon, Black Hawk, do you hear, you and these three, first watch! Yon, Reuben, and those three, second watch!” etc. The torches were dipped in the river, the light hissed dying defi ance at the dark, and the great white boat once more wheeled around into the channel. — Scribner's. ANECDOTES. ‘‘A Bolt always in Op.der,”-— Squills declares that his wife is always taking some mean advantage of him. “ The best woman in the world, sir,” says Squills, “but now and then she will act mean, and she can’t help it.” “Last Saturday at breakfast,” said Squills, “she was as smiling us a basket of chips.” “Are your chops done to your liking, Squills, dear? ’ “Deliciously, my love.” “I broiled them myself, dear.” “I knew it was going to be hot,” said Squills, “and when 1 went out into the hall to leave, Mrs. Squills was there with my hat in one hand and my over coat in the other.” “Squills, dear,” she began. I thought it time to pitch in here, so I said quietly: “ How much, Mrs. Squills? Out with it, my love.” “ Mr. Squill*,” said she, d“on’t be unmanly sir, I beg; not to say ridicu lous. Gussy wants a silk dress to go to church in; the poor child really isn’t decent—You are very sorry,’ well so you ought to be. ‘Let her say her prayers at home.’ No, Mr. Squills, she shan’t stay at home, and she shan't say her prayers, and Mr. Squills, you’re enough to aggravate a saint, and you re conduct is disgusting, and it’s enough to drive a woman to bolt right oft’ to Chicago and get a divorce.” “1 thought this was a good time to fire off my pet joke,” said Squills, “so I said, ‘Mrs. Squills, a bolt is always in order.’ Then I bolted myself, for Mrs. Squills comes of a fighting family. “When 1 went homo at night, Gussy, dear child, played all my pet Offenbach music, and I knew I was in for the dress, only 1 wanted to hold out till morning, just for the look of the thing. “For five years alter we wore married, said Squills, “Mrs. S. would persist in looking under the bed for a man. It’s the same man every woman looks for, I suppose, because they all do'it. Well, failing to find the man, Mrs. Squills fin ally gave him up in disgust and took to something else. I suppose,” said Squills, “they all take to something else after they can’t find the man under the bed. Mrs. Squills weakness is bolting the door. ‘Mr. Squills, have you bolted the door?’ is always the last thing at night. “This particular night,” said Squills, “Mrs. S. was very dignified and distant. ‘No familiarities, Mr. Squills, if you please; you wounded my feeliugsin their tenderest point this morning, and I can not forget, though you did, that I am your wife sir, and the mother of your children, Mr. Squills.’ “This was pitching "in uncommonly strong, you know T ,” said Squills, “and I was about to surrender, when Mrs. Squills turned off the gas and coiled her self up in a pet, somewhere on the out side bed rail. Not even ‘good-night, Squids.’ I felt pretty bud about it, I can tell you, but I went to sleep. I don’t know how long I had slept, but some time, when I experienced a kick in the back, as if a playful mule had been fanning me. Perhaps it was necessary, as I always sleep hard.” “ ‘Mr. Squills,’ at last I heard Mrs. S. say, ‘Mr. Squills, have you bolted the door?’ “Now I leave it to any man,” said Squills appealingly, “whether that is the correct thing for the mother of a family to do? Of course I got up and bolted that infernal door, and I said, “Mrs. Squills, why the deuce didn’t you think of bolting the door before I went to sleep, and not to wake up a man in the middle of a cold night to do it?’ What do you suppose her answer was? “ ‘Why, Mr. Squills,’ said she, ‘I thought a bolt was always in order.’ “What did I say? What could I say: And the worst of it all,” said Squills, “i’ll be hanged if she wasn’t laughing at me; I could feel the bed shaking.”— St. Louis Bcpublican. Protestant Cow. Paddy Murphy and his wife Bridget, after many years of hard labor ditching and washing, had accumulated a sufficiency (beside sup porting themselves and the ‘childers’)to purchase a cow (of course they had pigs), which they did at the first oppor tunity. As it was bought of a Protes tant neighbor, Paddy stopped on his way home at the house of the priest, and procured a bottle of holy water with which to exorcise the false faith out of her. “Isn’t she a foine crature?” asked Pat, of the admiring Bridget. ‘ Jest hould her till I fix the shed.” To save the precious fluid from harm, he took it into the house and set it up in a cupboard until he had fixed things. Then he returned and brought the bot tle back again, and while Bridget was holding the rope, proceeded to pour it upon her back. But poor Paddy had made a slight mistake. Standing in the same closet was a bottle of aqua fortu that had been procured for a far different purpose, and as it dropped upon the back of the poor cow, and the hair began to smoke and the flesh burn, she exhibited decid ed appearances of restlessness. “Pour on more, Paddy,” shouted Bridget, as she tugged at the rope. “I’ll give her enough, now,” quoth Paddy, and he emptied the bottle. Up went the heels of the cow, down her head over went Bridget and half a dozen ‘childers,’ and away dashed the in furiated bovine down the street, to the terror of all the mothers and the delight of the dogs. Poor Paddy stood for a moment breathless with astonishment, and then, clapping his hands ypon his hips, looked sorrowful, and exclaimed: “Be jabbers, Bridget, but isn’t th Protestant strong in her—the baste!" A Nice Question of Taste.— Jewel* —“What kind of a chain would you like?” Young Man —“ Well, I don’t know, hardlv. What kind of a chain would you think I ought to have; that is, what style do you think would be the most be coming for a young man what carries I groceries to some of the best families in town?” —Danbury News. Introducing Vehicles into Mazatlan. Some time ago, an attempt was made by an enterprising American to intro duce express-wagons and drays into Mexico, but this was forbidden by the local government, on the plea that it would ruin the business of the carya dores, and so our speculative friend had to re-ship his vehicles to New York, la menting the want of a progressive spirit which is so eminently characteristic of the Mexican people. The only carts ever employed are rude, heavy, lumber ing contrivances, each drawn by a single mule or donkey—poor, patient, enduring creatures, without whom the Mexicans could not exist, and who have certainly solved the problem of how to do the largest amount of work on the smallest amount of food. Over rough roads, al most untenable by the foot of man, these powerful and intelligent beasts carry their heavy burdens, plodding carefully and always safely over the most dangerous places, rewarded only by the croppings of the roadside, or oc casionally by a handful of dried corn stalks, at the end of the day’s journey. Yet I would not have it understood that the Mexican is cruel to his beast; on the contrary, he drives him by words rather than the whip, and a good understand ing always seems to exist between the animal and his master. I one day wit nessed an incident illustrative of this fact. A little mule, drawing a big cart laden with boxes of wine, in turning the corner of a street came into too close quarters with a post placed there to pro tect the sidewalk, and had brought the vehicle to a sudden stand. The driver, instead of lashing the animal and curs ing him, as is too often the case in San Francisco, in the most unconcerned manner took out a cigarette, lighted it, leaned against the nearest door post, and began to smoke; in the intervals of the pulls chaffing his donkey, and laughing good-humoredly at his attempts to free himself from his position. I should translate what he said as something like —“You are a pretty fellow; a nice mess you are in; don’t ask me to help you; get out of it as you best can; I’m in no hurry,” etc., etc. —laughing all the time as the donkey pulled and ymlled about enough to break the post down. The poor little animal seemed to understand all that was said to him, and cocked his ears with a most knowing expression; then in a moment lowering them sud denly, he seemed to understand the dif ficulty. Forcing his cart backward, he gave a sudden turn, pulled himself free of the post, and marched triumphantly on with his load—his master shortly fol lowing, lighting another cigarette, and applauding the performance. I applaud ed, too, and walking over to the driver, extended my hand to him, saying: “Bravo! old fellow, that's better than beating him.” I for cot, however, he did not understand English, so I tried Span ish; however, he understood this still less, and I concluded to try no more, so he offered me a cigarette, gave the usual salute of “ Adios , Senor," and went lazily and merrily up the street after his brave little mule.— Overland Monthly for De cember. Wild Beasts in India. — The numbers of people destroyed by wild beasts con stitute an extraordinary feature of Indian life. Eewards are offered by the govern ment for the killing of these animals, but still the loss of life is very great in some districts, and in others it is less only because goats are abundant, and the wolves prefer kids wheu they can get them. No less than 14,529 persons lost lives by snake-bites in 1860, and in 1871 there 18,078 deaths reported as caused by dangerous animals of all classes; but Dr. Fayrer is of opinion that systemat ic returns would show that there are more than 20,000 deaths annually from snake bites. The inhabitants of the bor der lands between jungle and cultivation are killed and eaten by tigers in such numbers as to require the serious atten tion of the government. A single tigress caused the destruction of 13 villages, and 256 square miles of country were thrown out of cultivation. Another tigress kill ed 127 people in 1869, and stopped a public road for many weeks. A third killed 108 people in three years, 1867-9. In Lower Bengal alone 13,401 human beings were killed by wild beasts in six years, and 40 in South Canara in the sin gle month of July-, 1867. The chief com missioner of the central provinces has to reporUJ946 persons killed by tigers in three years, ending with 1869. There are difficulties in the way of extirpating tigers; the natives regard the man-eating tiger as a kind of incarnate and spiteful divinity wham it is dangerous to offend; and, as readers of correspondence w hich we published some time ago on the sub ject will remember, it is the desire of a few in India actually to preserve tigers for sport. Mr. Frank Buckland has sug gested an organized destruction of the ti ger cubs in the breeding season, and the attraction of full-grown tigers to traps by means of valerian, of which tigers (which are only gigantic cats) are exceed ingly fond.— London Journal. A CiiEEKixn Coductob.—A Nashville man had occasion to go to Memphis over the Northwestern road last week. There were but few passengers aboard, and during the night the gosriping conduct or came and sat down beside him. “Goin’ to Memphis, are you, stranger?” he asked. “Yes, sir,” said the Nashville | man. “Mighty rough road, ain’t it?” j queried the conductor, with a yawn, j “Very,” was the reply. “Last time I ! went over the road the car we’re in now ■ was upset, and a man was killed all to smash,” said the communicative ticket ] puncher, with another yawn. Then he j added: “I’ve got the most recklessengi ! neer on the road with me to-night, too, ; but I hope we won’t have any accidents.” I “I certainly hope we will not,” respond ed the passenger, with a feeling of un | easiness. “Well, I don’t know as it j would make much difference to you,” said the conductor, cheerfully; “you’ll die any way if you’re goin’ to Memphis.” —Xashville Union. Almost the best rule of life is to be worthy of one’s self.—[S. P. Herron. New Books. Thf. Yacht Club; or the Young Boat- Builder. By Oliver Optic. Boston: Lee Si Shepard. The works of this author are so well known, and have found so much favor among young people, that they need lit tle comment from us. The present volume is full of interest, is well bound and finely illustrated. The lesson in morals to be derived from the expeiience of the “Young Boat- Builder” is, that it is unwise and dan gerous for young people to conceal their actions from their parents and friends, and that men and women who seek con cealment “choose darkness because their deeds are evil.” John Godsoe’s Legacy. By Elijah Kel logg. Boston: Lee «St Shepard. This volume, in its cheerful binding, clearly printed pages, and high moral tone, is destined to find a welcome in many families. The story shows, to the encouragement of many who may be dis heartened by the apparent inefficacy of their efforts, the almost indestructible influence of a Christian home and of early moral training. The Turning or the Tide; or Badcliffe Kich and his Patients. By Elijah Kellogg. Boston: Lee Si Shepard. This book will be found to be very entertaining to readers of a larger growth, as well as to the young, for whom it is intended. It shows what a determined perseverance can accomplish even under discouraging circumstances. From the same publishers we have re ceived a "Pronouncing Hand-book” of words often mispronounced, and of words as to which a choice of pronoun eiation is allowed, by Richard Soule and L. J. Campbell. These words are 3000 in number, and by glancing over the page of the little book there are few who will not find that they are guilty' of some in accuracies in pronounciation. Its use in schools, we think, would be excellent. Hide and Seek. A novel. By Wilkie Collins. Philadelphia: T. B. Peter son Si Bros. For sale by A. Roman Sc Co. The Dead Secret. By Wilkie Collins. Published also by Peterson, and for sale at Roman’s. The Antiquity of Man. By Sir Charles Lyoll. Fourth revised edition. Phil adelphia: J, B. Lippincott & Co. From A. Roman & Co. This work has long been known to the public, but this new edition contains much valuable information not publish ed in former editions. No man can be well informed on the great questions which are now discussed by men of sci ence and theologians, without reading this book. Whether we agree with the author or not, the work contains infor mation which will enable us to form an intelligent opinion on the geological an tiquity of man. Fishing Exploits of Birds.— To watch the fishing exploits of sea-birds, says a late visitor at Panama, is to me at all times a source of pleasure and amuse ment. But to observe the strange man oeuvres of the brown pelican fishing in the Bay of Panama is a rare treat. In the lurid atmosphere may be observed numbers of dark spots, resembling small masses floating in the air, like motes in a sunbeam; these specks are birds. Sud denly several of the mysterious dots fall rapidly toward the water. Downward they come like meteorolites, and with a splash and a plunge disappear beneath the surface. Ere you have time to spec ulate on what yon have seen, “pop! pop!” like so many corks, the divers re appear, each with a fish in its beak; then you discover that the dark masses were brown pelicans, whose habit is to spend most of the day soaring at a great altitude, watching for fish. It is diffi cult lo understand how it is possible for j birds to decry such small objects as these i ti.-b from such a height, especially as it j is below the surface of Ihe sea, and it is . equally puzz iug to understand how the birds direct their course throughout ; such a rapid descent with precision ncar | ly equal to that of a rifle-bullet, for they i seldom jmiss the fish they dive for. When success crowns their efforts, they immediately rise from the surface of the water, without any apparent effort, swal low their fish, and'ascend again high in the air to look for others; but if they miss their aim, they sit stupidly upon the water, and stare around about them be wildered. The brown pelican is a per manent resident on the southern coasts of America. Sometimes it makes its ca pacious nest in the trees, while at others it builds it upon the ground, although trees in every way suited to its purposes grow close by. > » The New Orleans papers were lately greatly exercised at the atrocity of the conduct of a man who had killed anoth er in a parlor “in the presence of ladies.” It certainly was a grievous offense, but if he had taken his victim off to a lonely place and murdered him in accordance with the code of honor, we presume it would have been a gentlemanly proceed ing. To kill a man in the presence of ladies was very rude behavior. New Orleans cutthroats should have more re gard to etiquette. Ex-President Johnson is said to have had 560.000 tohiscredit, at six per cent, interest, in the First National Bank of Washington at the time of its failure. Should this prove a total failure, the old gentleman will, to use an expression quite common in his own Tennessee, bo seriously “disgruntled." ISO, 39.