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The union Democrat. [volume] (Sonora, Calif.) 1854-1946, October 13, 1855, Image 1

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VOLUME 2.
UNION DEMOCRAT.
PUBLISHED KVKIIY SATURDAY
iiv c E.nn.y o.
OFFTf i:—OPPOSITE rt!K " i’UCKH I, OTE I .
rrm
Pit milium, iu advance ■*;*
Fix month ****
Three iii nuJ.“ • ■**
PtngV uumhern
Advertisement* inucrted at !i«*- i u.*i- nn.ry rat '■
101 l Woi It lit nil kin.ln limn - fc* tin* rberteat notice.
SONORA CARDS.
MOTT A. JO**;B,
AT T O /.* X y s A T I. A ir.
SONORA—OfIii-t* mi Vanry Avenue —opposite the I’lncrr
aioui.
Cfl AS. L. SCOTT. f CJ ] THOMAS S. JONES.
itrtlr;i ic 'i'i'inlor,
ICMRER DEALERS Corner of // O SP I T A I. and
i aon f .lx v >rut: e rs. _ jyi-'f
Dr.. Hrndnll & Brown,
OFFICE —Sonora Dni,’ Store. Two door* hcV'W the
I‘laeiT Hotel. j>- ~ :i
Olio <J««’CM vvooil,
Attorney at i \w and notary public.
QBm —Opposite the Placer Hotel. _ iirf
I*. BrD. Collin.,
ATTORNEY AT LAW, —Next door to Yaney A: T.er
tiiie'. Banking house. —
jyl-tt - Opposite the Placer Hotel.
( hn.. Ai Frank IS ulbe r ford,
Painter* ami Paper Hancert.
Washington Street, Sonort.
PAINTS, OILS, GLASS, PAPER HANGINGS, ITIIOL
STERY, CARPETS, HUOA, &c., Wholesale and Re
ml jyi-tr-
PLACER II OT EL.
Wn»hiiiK<oti Nlrffl, Ho norn, TiioSuiinio ( o-
I \AVID ADAMS & (). L. HKMIS hnv«' op«-n«*d this 1 u-<'
I * and ronini >diou*t Hotel tor the reception of IVmrtlora
jind travelling cue.-tM. The House. |tei|* Htid Furniture hnvo
iimlerffone enlin' fr novation. Their T i 1 \ l.inuors nml
Wine** will he proTiileit from the he -t tho iv\mtry urtord*.
J'hey nit* determined to pi mso t*»**ir customers.
The nhove proprietom will devote nil ii.e.r i.*ne *■!» the ei;.
prrinfendanee mm-I mnr.M.'PMi-Mii «*f the housr, ' . ti
public tlmt iurfliinj « nl l * r p.-irr trill he wanting to moke il
the bent hotel in tin* > rhoni Mili*—.
Sonora, June ‘JS, le V».
iter prlvute p:uie;
c* r:. v. va rc r r? ojh ,
p// r.s . r cia x -i .v d s' r/:gr o x ,
M r t* - ’ F - :y .-t
Vy Pafiu; ex-prh .:• I s .. r .•;* t. .1 .w. ry New Or
r. Ho*pi
inrn. (JySMm*
IT. V Ei H< EL
HAIR- DRESSING SALOON
A* !» QATTI ri-'.V"; .
r»AHE proprietor, id' th - n el! n;i ' •mpnlnr e' ' ■
t lishment have 11. ron?hl\ i • , . i. ■' ' ' ■
rooms, «ml, in acen
leans.
Cv - * Good aecomnind ;
tnl, with garden. me l i ,
Oifi/e behind the I
wishes ufthe comic,. a y.‘i'tV. 1' ir I ■. •
• ti■ gait ;M 1 . SO r: ■i n ' r--n'Ui
n! life. Hei r ,uer tin t: j ticc usd 1— :
■Shuim. “,*•') r r<. | *’’T\munu cts.
mmCurriNu. .T<”» rvs. j Is.\n;iN,; ',>c rs.
It is hoped that this prom; * neevie ■? T -e in the ■' '• ’anils
of our citizens will insure them n curt pi i • '.lit
-of business. Souoni. June ’, IS.m.
fiipiki: i.ivi:": - .
The proprietors of this e : hlishment would
1 respix-Miillj in:, ra I: . : ! ;.:.ll * ’
*ileit they have added an. h an increase t . their
stock hilT lacilitioa ceneraliv, as to enable them to me taa
r. -
• denmndu in the why »»t
houses, maair.s , cakriagks, be.
Those any thin? ia this line may find il to their
.’advantage to ?i» e them a call.
llonics kept by the day or week, mid the bee* atten
rtion jwiid to uroominsr, ill I*l »st* «v ilv.H’KIN5*.
Sonora, June INW
SONORA STILL AHEAD!
The (irratn.l Gnilnrrutrnl Crrr C ' V-t-rJ I
’.41 PE have this .lav n .’eiv ’.l. and ■ - • t > v-’ij ’ »
’ } t "t pri.’i «. ONE Hi MiKE’d : t
imost 'H'autiUil J> itHt'HtiPOi i Pi. c AAi.S, \ .
Fiiit rvcn faati
ul
ONE ANH U . e
guerrotype (<•. >-
fiTKK ii
taken (at llie p
process I
IT’S A FREE T!
HHKKI.S. . i l
REMEMBI
ever ortere.l lu >’■
Ladies. \vt:!i v ■
the him is . i ' ■. -i
f'jz ’ 1‘ >n. •
Ponura, M v . ■ «
h’lf a splendid Ha
.?'» v.'O JoNn i
. ates) I
lit ;.OhSi VS
K
FNOR S A 1 1' at th
I sei»: !'■“ If
!ior
or.’v
• p \ pri.T,
( Of. t UJ' A.
FFKIiI PS f .I.POA,
A.'owr of '.'.. ’'a iti-’■ ■ V ’ . p
f*r The'prop'l'
IT-'i tablisiini n! re-p
Uhe puhlie. that in maki
s«i in an entirely new dti >. ■ ci
cnodatt' a' 1 wi > may - ■ ' an c. u
Xia'tiou w t’ii the < ' i''ii-hm . u a
Jeuii. I.iiiil Ke.tii’iveni,
Where nti the ih . and Liiv;’.-- - ■ ’ ’••• r 1 : -
i»nUuse ahuiidan- e, ;a. at rat, -to- at the tin : ',r
s.vill always lie suppliivl pis It W’.v previ.ni- t.' the coin;.?;
» iou> with The Ihe , >-t u- -ul l.iiptors. T e Ci?ar» will
tin' of the best tpiali.’r and r.ue-t flavor.
The LODGING ap.atments . anno! he suryiajsse.! ; the
rooms an - Nr?«\ well yeutdatisL aud supplied n.th ginnl
Jtesldin? and FiiviaTure.
TheSVLOON has two Killinrd Tnblea of the best
mnd most appmviai k aid. Persons vtsitms.ean rest tissnnai
that no pains wail he spared to make Uhui Ci«uK>rt»l'leand
j'teasant ilium? their s imim.
Pin- snescril'cr returns his sincere tiianks to his patrons
Tor the liberal -u:':v>rt he rtveivial from them previous to the
<vi'.rla?rauen. and h.i|»es th.at with renewed exerp.ms lv will
enioy a continuance ot the -anic. PG. FERGUSON.
Columbia. Oct. 14. IS.‘>4.
JAMKSTOUX.
Jumes \\ . 4 Iniborne. ,M. I>.
OFFICE at CLAIBORNE'S DRUG STORE.
it l-Am Jamestown.
Notirr.
TIIF. partnership heretofore existin? between J. F.
BOf KK A G W PATRICK, under the name and
otyle of Hover t Patrick, has this day la'en dissolved by mu
tual consent.
Any person bavin? claims against the tirm will present
them to G W. Patrick, who is responsible for ar.v debts due
by the firm, and will settle the same. All thv.se indebted to
the firm by note or account, will pay the same to G, AV. Pat
rick, who u alone authorized 10 collect said debts,
G. AV. PATRICK.
J. F. BOVEK-
Sonora, July 90, 1W- acf-lm
SONORA, TUOLUMNE COUNTY, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1555.
■ tonic.
Earth may boast her : lined scenes
Of beauty, rich and rare,
Her hourls■ ; wealth and glitfring items
That apr.rhle* everywhere:
Hut rtei red by turn 's hand along,
Whiche’ or way I roam,
1 find no .«;>■;£ so dear to me
As my eld Cottage home.
It is n. t ha • i M rather friends
Our Joiirneyirys to cheer—
Friends for a day, but friends iu name
Unlike the near ami dear.
The cherished lew who cluster round
The old ancestral seat.
Where, rip' 1 of all trie cares of life,
We re»f our weary feet.
The bean will own no intercourse
With flattering smile and word,
Hut turns to a more genial place
Where Love's soft tones are heard ;
A mother's smiles are not forgot—
A lather’s lesson* kind—
Hue a love end kindness we may search
The world in vain to find.
Dear home! though I may wan dor far,
And traverse land and sea,
Thou’lt ever he the dearest spot
In this wide world to me.
I'll not forget those cherished friend*.
The constant and the true,
Who shared my early cares and joys,
Though often finding new.
LETTER FROM GEN. CASS,
O.V A'.Yf)W'-A' OTHIS(iISM, A\P THE POWER OF
coy a res a /.v the territories.
To the Editor of the Detroit Vrrr Press — Sir:
The public journals contain a letter dated July
»4lh, written by Hen. Houston, which has just
met my eye, and in which he says he perceives, by
the papers ot the day, that “Gen. ('ass has ap
proved the platform of the American order, as
proclaimed to the world by the convention at
Philadelphia." I had observed the statements to
which Geu. Houston alludes, and had let them
pass unnoticed, for it would be a hopeless task to
endeavor to correct all the misapprehensions and
misrepresentations to which it is my lot. as well
as that of all other public men, to be exposed in
these days of part} strife. And. indeed, I could
not suppose that such assertions would deceive
any one who had heard or hud read my remarks
in the Senate of tiio i'nited States, on the sth of
fehrua:;- las!, upon the presentation ofthereso
iit:ii its . f ;he i.. isl.r.nre of Michigan, instruct*
i. -.he f.ii - i f that Slate to vote for an act
of to; i < p.a 1... king the introduction of sla
ve y i - >..■• Ti mo.:-s of the United States.
I >on : c ;1. while declinin'; to comply
villi t hose !.. . me; i. V, i. took the opportunity to
>.p; ;i ■ -.i.iment/ in relation to the new po
lititj;l moves:.cut, wha-h sought to acquire and
excici ■;* power by s, eret to;..binations, bound
ii. ’.her ?.y the sum . ions of an «u.th, which, it is
'id,., nude i' the dmy i f its members to stsrmi
'4: .■ - i*'* - ■ i i . .mii • i *r T,.. . -t? j— 1
wili if a majority of their associates. 1 then
observed;
'• ■ rinr.s -re ,V ro.rt. and strange organizations
arc can >vi !:d itn ami enli'rc tin ai. Uur politic.l
u;“toiy contains no siu-h chap*. rinlliopro eoss o; cur coun
try. ns i. ; win h now opc’c.; -. Thr uo -.-tions i 1 con.-ti
ti'ani ii .; -nd policy, which Ic - o In-.i Vu l->uc the Kittle
cry of j .-.•■■■■ ■■ ■ oslyn ncr,
n ... .. . id p.ilits-a l .. hutis ; calous. i.t: .ir ic y i'c they wilt
pro. adwares in this mi i.lle of the nineteenth
crnturj.l •istini?. with much scll-cuii'i In.-eury ot its iutelli
cence, . . 1 in this free country, founded upon’ inaumnitioa,
a'n rowu pnoperous aad powerful ! v toierati.;;'.. * 1 »
V. .• wan", no new pailies, no new plntuintv'„ no new organi
t '-. r.nd the soo-ier Tliese dangerous etforls arc abandon
- i. th be.t.'r it will lie tor ns. and for those who arc to 10l-
Ijw us .u Una heritage of freedom.’’
I i;ut well suppose, after the expression of
these views upon the floor of tire Senate, and
tinder circumstances of peculiar responsibility,
tl at any further aciidw on my part would In- un
it.*.■*■.try to prove my consistency. as a disciple of
tin* school of V. ashiiiiitou, and Jefferson, and
Madison, and Jackson, in the rejection ot a dan
cer t innovation, hite;:/. .cat with ail the pria
cipl . ■ • tai , and which, in < Sect,
mms .ol; - av or i n* nr -it pchlic. 1 duly of an
Am ' can c .. . i *r *;;i .' •*ef day, whore i;
should It* .., . ~. . ; .is i. ;; ~. i rccu, ;u, to
a. "ret con; h res. i nun-ien.ilv ;o r .hu iuv ;.-li; i
ticn. ;> ,o • iso mid p;.i lie ... i. Hut tin*
extract fi in t.* k. *r of c u Houston In
si:e\. i me vat ;>:*«•? reports i nvo tv-.-i iv I r.ti
credit than 1 had boiiev 1, ai .i • Jen i
hi indued me thus p; b.'y Iti v, - i. * ; u\
conim lict them. My i ... us, ind .. • na
id} - >11: bul if tli v are worth referring to, thev
r e worth the in able of making tin* reference a
true i iuv
1 \c no sympathy with this plan of political
1 '■ tion- *, neither with the
.; cmpit ys. ni r t.. * < ;oels > »eoks to nt
•"ii. '■•nvy. i: s a-hound obligations, its
c ■■*l ei e li.illot->o\, its st stem of proscrip*
1 ;r, stm, ; both at political rights and religions
e and its inevitable tendency to array one
... aof the community against another, and to
e. r. \ deadly feuds into every corner of the land,
el which we have just had a proof, written in
ci..traders ot blood, and are doomed to have
...ait} more, if this movement goes ou, for this
is but the first installment of death, and how
many others are to follow, and to what extent,
and when the last is to be paid, and after what
lamentable vicissitudes, is known only to Him
who forsees events and can control them—these
characteristics mark it as the most dangerous
scheme which has ever been introduced into our
country u> regulate its public action or its social
condition. It is the Orangoism of a republic,
scarcely better in principal than its monarchical
prototype —of a republic whose freedom and
equality Justify r.s little as they invite the intro
duction of a machinery whose operation is con
cealed from public observation, but w hose conse
quences are as clear as they are alarming.
Gen. Houston gives credence to the report that
I approve •• the platform of the American order,
as proclaimed to the world by the convention at
Philadelphia." lam aware' that changes have
been made both in the name aud in some of the
principles of this new organization. But these
changes do not remove my objections to it. Its
spirit of exclusion and intolerance remains, and.
w ith it. its evil and its dangers. It is a book to
which I cannot bo reconciled, whatever addition,
w hether the new one or the old one is offered to
me. There is, indeed, one principle laid down in
that convention which meets my concurrence,
aud that is the declaration that “ Congress ought
not to legislate on the subject of slavery within
the territory of the United States." I regret.
however, that the body which thus pronounced
against the exercise of the power. bid net also
pronounce against its exiterce, .»» carefully
pretennirted—to use r; own wore, —rheexrrcs
sion of any o ho n tipoa that poll. . Still, I ap
prove its adieu tipoa f;t ■ jet', v far as it
goes. It is a Hep i \ t':•* ri ' t eliv -tion, and I
should rejoice to see it v v c- : hr e* tv politics!
party iu t ■ country. I; is a sum, to*, tow; rds
the security of poll;' al -h. opposition
to tho legislation ot L'ou gross < , r .he interna!
j affairs of the people of the T.; Tories, ami
among others, over the relation o master and
servant, or that of husband ai d v fe, or parent
and child; for these matters of do. ;■ srr policy
are subjects which should be left to the Territo
rial communities, and to divest Hiem of the
power to regulate them is an act of unmitigated
despotism. The negation of all power oi inter
ference hy Congress in the interna' govemm-'ut
of the Territories is the true const' utional dee
trine, and (he only sale and practical !eore. end I
am rejoiced that after years of opt> ition—ofol -
loquy, indeed —it is fast establishing.itself on i*n
preguable grounds. The misaj.nr nisiou which
has prev ailed ou this grave nd J ‘c I; among the
most eximordhir.ry politieal evej.'r of my time.
One would suppose that in this eev try the dog
ma ot the right of internal g -ver jiueut by an
irresponsible legislature over a dir.ant commu
nity. unrepresented in the ruling body, would iind
but little favor, and that the power to establish
and put in operation a government might well lie
defended, while the power to control all the con
cerns of human life would be left without an ad
vocate. The difference is broad rud practical,
and should be the dearer to us, as It was the very
consideration urged by our rOvoluti nary fathers
in their contest with the mother country, which
began by argument, but ended by arms.' It was
asserted ns early ns 1774, when the Continental
Congress declared tlmtthe English colonist : “ are
entitled to a free and exclusive power of legisla
tion in their several prov iaeia! legislatures, v. here j
their right of representation can : lona be pre
served. in all cases of taxation and internal poli
ty,” Ac. In that great struggle. th« patriots
who conducted it conceded to the British Tarlia
ment the authority to organize colonial govern
ments. hut denied their right to touch the inter
nal polity of tiie people : :.nd for Hi.* support of
that great principle, denied and dcrb>jd.!s It now
is, they went to war.
i observed that a highly respectable and intelli
gent gentleman, Gov. Hunt, of Mew York, in a
letter just published, speaks of tha Nebraska bill
as “ based on the absurd theory cf territorial
sovereignty.” I never heard a mau .mpoort that
measure, or approve it for such a r asen. Cov.
Hunt has mistaken the sneers of iu enemies for
the views ed its friends. The'iebnula 1 ill rest.-
upon no suc h theory—upon no li or.* at all. but
upon the stable' foUiidati* -i < f the •. dcral consti
tution, and of the natural, ights of . tan.
1 know of no one v, ho (’aims sovereignty for
the Territories. All concede their dependence
upon the l i ed Slates. Hut v.UL'n this rela
tion (line nn : :;iu 1 rights and untie:, and the
question—\d. i p over may Congress I.avvfr.ily
exercise,;me L. > people oft:.' 'ienit-rics
divested 1,1 ■ if '.i.t.s ist be d. n.d.
by poiuici.-i iet..j,<i\s .. 1 console rations a.v ie
out of the attribute oi' sovereignt v, Ira. !>v Ih >
constitution of the I nked States! To the law.
and to the testimony. By that constitution, the
general government is a government, not only of
granted, but of limited powers, and Congress can
exercise no authority which is net given by ti.e
great charter that brought it into existence. ’ Lei
any man put his finger upon the clause of that
instrument which confers this power of internal
interference, and 1 will abandon the principle,
long ns it has been cherished hy me—and that is
many years, as will appear by reference to the
(Hol'f, of March d Ist. Iwhich contains an
article written by me. and entitled —“A lieview
of the Opinion of the Supreme Court iu the
Cherokee Case.” In that article I observe that
the clause of the constitution authorizing Con
gress “ to dispose of, and make all needful rules
and regulations respecting the territory or ether
property of ti e United States, and the power to
exercise general jnri diction over persons upon
it, are essentially different and independent. The
former is general, and is givt u in the clause re-
I I to t the 1 iter is special, and is found in
another clause, and is confined to the federal
ti '. the Distil of C u ~ to pi
r ed by consent of the Legislature or the
. to in which the same shall be. tor thecreUUM
< .. . Ties, arsenals. «|., ~ yards, ~i ,1
. ■ dfiil buildings.” This is tho same doc
: •: : seqin ntly advocated, and more full' <• ■-
' I dini. y Mieholson letter. I repeal. that
p.iv.er of internal legislation < annot be f. mid
const! ~ i; and Tain 1 a.be iF
forts, ypi ing into its servi ,
e.; • expressions in that instrument to mv»vo it to
be mere: a diversity oi reference w hich, of it
... (urnisl.es a .;•< pin-*.i.:-.ipiieu {•••;,inst the
authority, ev> a it th. re vuv no mlu-r grounds
of object ion.
Judge MeLt art. of ti e : ;:- ;v e Court of the
rutted St. t s. in some cons! ierariom- published
by him up.oi this subject, and to which 1 have
el sew he: .■ referred, well remarked that ** there is
i nsti ioa which autbo
rizos the organization • f To.rbnrial govern-j
me.us." He .aids: " If this power be implied ■
from the specific power to regulate the disposi-!
tiou of the public lands, it must, tinder the above :
rule, be limited to means suit hie to the end iu 1
view. If Congress go beyond this in the organi
zation of a Territorial government, they act w ith
ont limitation, and may establish a monarchy.
Admit that they may organ!, e a government
which shall protect the lands par based, and pr,>-
vide for the administration of justice among the i
settlers, it does by no means follow that they
may establish slavery." Judge McLean here
brings the constitution of the I uited States to
the supper, of the good old revolutionary doc
trine, that the ri iu to isuidish colonies or terri
tories does not carry with i, the just power to
interfere with and rcguh.te the domestic concerns
of the j eople who inhabit th. at. He pronounces
slavery to be one of thi sc concerns, saying tha.
“ it is a municipal relation of limited extent, ami
of an equally limited origin. It is a domestic
relation over which the federal government can
exercise no control.”
1 have never known tho time when the demo
cratic party was called upon by higher conside
rations to adhere faithfully and zealously to their
organization and their principles, than they are
at this day. Our confederation is passing through j
the most severe trial it has yet undergone. Un
ceasing eftorts are making to excite hostile and
sectional feelings, against which we were prophet
ically warned by the father of his country; and if
these are successful, the days of this constitution
are numbered. The continued assaults upon the
South, upon its character, its constitutional rights i
and its iusti trft ions, ami the system: tic perseve
rance ami the bitter spirit with which these are i
pursued, while they warn the democratic party
of the danger, should also incite it to units d and
rigorous action. They warn it too that the lime
has come when all other diferences which may
!. u divided it. should give way to the dt ;y of
defending the constitution; and when that great i
par:y, coeval with the government, should he 1
united as one man for the accomplishment of tlie |
work m which it is now called, and before it is
too late. It is the American party, for it lias
neither sectional prejudices nor sectional prefer
ences. and it scare and its efforts extend w herever |
the constitution of its country extends, and with i
eoaa 1 regard to the rights and interests of all. |
1 believe the fate of this great republic is now in
its hands: and. so believi eg. 2 earnestly hope that
its action w ill be firm, prompt and united, yield
ing not one hair’s breadth of its time-honored
principles, and resisting* to the last the dangerous
etforts with which wo are menaced: and if so. the |
victory of the constitution, 1 doubt not, will be j
achieved.
1 am, sir, resoectfullv, your obedient •omnif.
LEWIS CASS.
Detroit, August 22,1855.
Woudrri of llir Almosphrrr.
The atmosphere forms a spherical shell sur
rounding the earth 10 a depth which is unknown
to us by reason of its growing tenuity as it is re
leased from pressure of its own superincumbent
mass. Its upper surface cannot be nearer to ns
than fifty and can scarcely be more than five hun
dred miles. It surrounds us on all sides, vet we
see it not: it presses on us with r. load of fifteen
pounds on every souare inch of surface of our
bodies, or from seventy to one hundred lona on
us all, yet we dot no so much as feel its weight.
Softer than the finest down, more impalpable
than the finest gossamer, it leav's the cobweb
undisturbed, and scarcely stirs the slighost (lower
that feeds on the dew it supplies; yet it hears
the fleets of nations on its wings around the
world, and crushes the most refractory substance
with its weight. When in motion its force is suf
ficient to level the most stately forests and stable
b ildin cs with tin* earth ; to raise the waters of
the ocean into ridges like mountains, and dash
the strongest ships to pieces like toys. It warms
and cools by turns (he earth and the tiv ing crea
tures that inhabit ;t; it draws up vapors from
the sea and land, retains them dissolved in itself
or suspended in cisterns or clouds, and throws
them down again as rain or dew, wlicu thee are
reouired. It bends the rays of the sun from
th ir path to give ns the twilight of evening and
of dawn; it disperses r.nd refracts their various
tints to beanUly the approach and the retreat of
the orb of day. J ; 11 1 tor the at.; isphere, snn
shirc would I nrst up! nus and fail rs at once,
and at once remove ns from midnight darkness
to the kla.u-of noon. We should have no twi
light to ae'iiu and bean ,iy tlm landscape, no
clouds to sb; ns ;V< ::i .he scorching heat, but
the in ;.i ear: i •s i( rcv».l veil on its;.'.;..-, would
turn i(> ta n ; e a:.,i r übbered front to the full
an’ iv iga.i u . . the lord of cay. it <>f.
dir. - ■ he ; .s • • :.h .. V : ■ ■ lies a;.- - , wt.nns our fratc.! S,
;.i:tl , r .; hr a*'> 1. 'ha: \rh>?: had J>td
luted by use at 1 Is ih: own oii‘ as noxious. If
feds the lan c. . life ex act ty as it does that of
the lire: i’ ; in both cases consumed, and a fiords
the (bed < tV-u.-u vpli .; in both eases it becomes
combined with cliarcoa!, which requires it for
combustion, sud is removed by it when this is
over.
“ It is only the girdling encircling air,” says a
writer in the North British Review, “that flows
above and around n n that makes the whole world
kin. The carbonic acid with which to-day our
breathing nils the air. to-morrow seeks its way
round tlie world. Tito date trees that grow
round the falls of the Nile will drink it in by their
leaves; the cedars of Lebanon will take of it to
add to their stature: the cooon-milu of Tabr.ti
will grow rapidly upon it, and the palms and be
nanas of Japan will change it into flowers. The
oxygen we are breathing was distilled for us
rome shorl time ago by the magmaies otTTisque
bana and the great trees that skirt the Oronoco
ami the Amazon: ti e Tint rhododendrons of the
?:’ .ln;. e -.ifi; uled to it. and the roses and
myrtles of < .sincere, .he cinnamon tree ofCev
lon. and the forests older than the flood, buried
dci pin ?he heart of Ai. ici:. tar behind the Moun
tains of .ho .M • n. The rain we see deseci;. .
v;;s thawed for us out ; !’ the icebergs which hat e
\ (ched the Polar Star for ages; and the lot:
iities have • mk-d up from the Nile and «
as vapor k ; >\vs that rested on the summits of
(ho Alps.”
Exam -les or Great Ace am is the Jews.
From.the advance sheds of “T he Art of l‘ro
k.m ng Life"—in press by Tiekuor, Reed &
Fields:
From the history of the dew s, we arc enabled
t > rolled the follow in" facts. Abraham, a man
ef great and re .acute mind, who was fortunate
in all his undertakings, attained to the ago of t7.‘>
yt ars; his son Is.v.c, a hast'*, peaceable man. and
: md of trail tuility, to I- t; .i cob who was also
a lover of peace, t crafty tod i naning, lit ed
miy 147; Ishn ~el. a warrior, 1t.7 : (Sarah, the
o.;;y feun.ic of the ancient world with w! use du
ration of life wo are acquainted, lire! T 27 years;
Joseph a man of great prudence and political
talents, much afflicted in his youth, ou. greatlv
honored in his latter vears. lived to the age of
110.
Moses a man of extraordinary strength and
spirit, rich in deeds but weak in words, carried
his life, during which he we exposed to great
care and fa-iguc. to the age ef 1 *.’•*. But he even
complains that the ife of man endures only three
score an I ten, or at most fourscore years; and
we hence dud that, in regard to age, the ease
was exactly the same three thousand years ago
as it is at present.
The w arlike and ever active Joshua lived to
the age of 11<*. Eii, the high-priest, a corpulent,
phlegmatic man. of a resigned disposition, lived
to be only 00: but Elisha, severe towards others
and towards himself, who despised convenience
and riches, lived far above UK). In th-? latter
period of the Jewish state, the prophet Simeon,
a man full o. hope and confidence in God, was
distinguished by a life of 90 years.
However replete with fables the history of the
Egyptians may be, the age of their kings, re
corded Iroin the earliest periods, present noth
ing remarkable. The longest reign is somewhat
above fifty years.
Adversity exasperates fools, dejects cowards,
draws out the faculties of the wise and ingenious,
puts the modest to the necessity of trying tlieir
skill, awes the opulent, and makes the idle indus
trious. Much may be said in favor of adversity;
but the worst of it is, it has no friends.
NUMBER 16.
t Hwr.r.—C linnet is tho d:<c«ise that Time
puts «>!>, !im mv mow tired of him. Kveu while
aro complaining of change, i.o is preparing
some new surprise for i:s; ami if we did but
kmnvit. ot many a man would it be said. as of
one ot i ,u, e w ent out and hung himself,’’ wore
U not i. at lime turns Hie into :t masquerade.
S"uu ,;mes he :< •< vou'.u with a star)and of
Rowers ; e tea.!ron in cloth of gold;
somotiu >a wa ior in the midst of fields he has
wen : so nines h;-: footsteps are like the chimes
oi itolls: '■emetinios his tones are verv like a
knell.
*' pe'tiire Time a poor old man, wines de
pending trom his shoulder—a set the in his hand,
and trust in his bosom. And when we think of
him, drifting snows, mid tolling bells, aud with
ered leaves, and
“the bosrdcd trrv.in,
1' ah the flowers that grow Ixtweea,
he has reaped and bound together, many a time
and oft—nil form part of the picture.
But -Time never sat for his portrait, aud this
is not like him. Time is not old; he is as young
as the last hope; he is not cruel when he mosses
over the inscriptions that would ever remind us
of the loved and lost.
Time has a now w ardrobe for each rear. Refer
to the old letters you have written, if you would
see what wonderous change* heart and mind aro
ever putting on. Hut they come so gently and
so gradually v.e scarcely perceive them. What
transition more wonderful than when the boy of
sunny bror nul sunny locks bound* into stent,
heavy-treading manhood ? or w hen the girl—all
feeling, ail hope, all song—becomes tht thought
ful woman, or the watchful, loving, waiting
ma! rou ?
Change U the beantifni limning of Time: and
there are but two things beneath the stars that
never w ear it—true triends aud true,hearts.
O*. e «;•' nn Ho vs.—A few days ago a young
ster, some six or seven years of age, stepped in
to Dr. Fred. Brown’s store, and asked Dr. With
inptoa for r. first-rate cigar.
“Doyou smoke,Tommy?" inquired the Doc
tor.
“Vow r.ud then," was the reply.
“Folks all well Tommy?"
“Soso ish—pretty comfortable.”
“1 saw your mother the other day; she was
dressed in deep mourning. Who is that for.
Tommy?”
“Why, you know that (tiliar has been very
sic!: ? ’
“Yes : but bless me ! ho ain't dead, is he?”
“Dead ? No! he's got nearly well, and mother
was $o disappointed she put on mourning, and
says she is ueiv ng it tbr an aunt of mine who
died some time age ; but \< u and 1 understand
i:. Doctor—that > a!: in a pig’s eye. You don't
want to step over to Young ■ and moisten the
aliii entarv, do vou?"
“No..' ‘
“Well. Frank Goell's a perfect trump ; I
'.ness I'll go and see him. Good morning, Doc
tor.”
Kui:p Cooi..— Burton tells a capital story of
“'i VnnKet* n He’d.” Dis demriptiun of
some of the ehanc'tefoho found “down below ”
is laughable iu the extreme, Jsebuehadflazflr,
the King ol the Jews, he describes as good at
“ all fours.” and particularly expert in the prep
aration of “salad,” The introduction of the
Yankee to his Infernal Majesty is peculiar.
•• How dy e dew, folks,” said the stranger, puf
fing away at a long Began, “ is the boss Devil at
hum ?"
His majesty looked sulphur and saltpeter at
the int ruder.
“Reptile!” he exclaimed, in a voice of thun
der, that rumiiled and reverberated in the depths
of a pit without a bottom “who are you that
dare intrude upon our sacred privacy ?’’
*• Whew,” said the stranger, “ don’t tear your
shirt! Why, what on arth is the use of going
oil . t half-cock iu (hat way ? What do von jump
for, afore you are spurred ? There ain’t such
an almighty occasion for you to get your dander
so awful ri/just as if you was guiu’ to bust your
bib - . Seeing that your climate’s rather of the
wannest, it would be only di-in’ the Jivi! thing if
you jist said toe the mark and take your bitters.”
“ Worm, lieiie - to your appointed plnee in the
yawi iu: gulf, there in the hottest flames
“Waell, 1 guess not,” drawled out the man.
!. iinpurturable calmness. “ I g«>t my ti- kel,
r, from the regular agent. and 1 don’t
c..; ise a berth so nigh the injine.”
Wn: v, to Fin a v Win:. — In one of the faefo
vio: in -laine. recently, the proprietor? reduced
the wages, whereupon th< re ;;s n general deter
mination to s/r, ’.' - , and ns they 'n re obliged to
give a month’s nolii'e befor-* quitting w ork, they
have meanwhile issued a circular to the world at
large, in which is the follow nig paragraph:
We are now working cut our notice, and
shall soon be without employment : can turn our
hand- to most anything: don't like to be idle—
but determined net to for nothing v.lmro
finks can afford to pay. Who vuius help .’ W o
c. ;i make bonnets, dresses, puddings, pies, and
rake . patch, darn, knit, roast, stew, mid try ;
i lake hitter and cheese, miik cows, feed chickem,
a; .’ hoe corn: sweep out the kitchen, put the
p-mlor to rights, make beds, split wood, kindle
fir. -, wash and iron, besules being fond of nurs
ing—in fact, ta.i do anything the most accom
plished housewife is capable of: rot forgetting
the scoldings on Mondays and Saturdays. For
specimens ot spirit, will refer you to onr over
seer. Speak quick. Black eyes, fair foreheads,
clustering locks, beautiful as Hebe, can sing like
a seraph, and smile most bewitelungly! An
elderly gentleman in want of a housekeeper, or
a nice young man in want of a w ife—w illing to
susf.in either character: in fact, we are in the
market. Who bids ! Going, going, gone !
Who’s the lucky rnr.a ?”
Gloves. —The New York correspondent of all
the country weekly pape-s, says in his letter of
the present week: “The glory of g’oves has de
parted. Hale Broadway ; s gloveless. Merchants
ride down with their hands in a state of nature
and w alk up ditto. Kven the genuine Shanghai
travel with their claws denuded. By our faith,
grtillrmm are becoming sensible men. The sun
and the r.ir can once more toy w ith a clerk's
palm, of a summer's day. The world above
Wall street is becoming practical. “What's the
use!” it cries. Water and soap are cheaper
than gloves, and a lady's taper fingers rest quite
as well satisfied in a sun-browned clasp, if it only
carries a manly heart within it. So another rem
nant of the old school has gone overboard. Se
vastopol is fast destroying routine and bringing
men bock to common tense.

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