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Pi oll i fraorra *- PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY, Ur CHA* H KAXUAI.I.. Office, Y&ney Avenue —opposite Court House. TERMS or SUBSCRIPTION. »oro»«.ye*r,in •«!*»»<* * * * Pc r «l* month*, i n •<! T “® ce » - • • *• Portbre# nu»utb» ... _ Amm . » DTr*TtSJSO.— Oo**qo*ro, of ten Ut.e"oi AOU B*cU «ob*eaue«it insertion iI.W. A libenl.dw- m«.t« Notice to Land and Mineral Claimants. M. WALTHALL, hotaryipublic, AMO - S . T . NY E , For 9 Years Register of the U. S. Land Office at Stockton. C-w IVKS* special attention to Land Mtttt.fl in the 1. 11 '* 5 K andtfeneral La»d Office*. Ststoaad Doited states Titles adjustad Application* for Timber, hchool ami ytTn* u2dTUnftLl State*. *nil *tate Patents pr*- . lirr.l »t short notice. Huy and sell Agricultural tul le** >trrip and Land Warrant*. Ac. OFFICK In OUd Fellows’ BniMmg, .Stockton, Cali fornia. llitrea TO—B. A. BOOKKU,' District Judge. Sept. 30, ISTI c L STREET. ATT 0 R N E Y A T L A W , SONORA, CAL. T|n> siren hi* eapeeinl nllenllnn to (he || |, \N I) I,A WS. 7s prepared to give n con tested I .and Case*, "ill procure Patents to Mining “Claims for a reasonable lee. May "7, 1871—tim DR, W- E. EICHELROTH, CAN BE FOUND AT SHAW’S Drug Store*, or at bis old residence on Washington Street, Sonora. April 15,p571-lf E. R. GALVIN, ATTORNEY AT LAW AND notary public, Otter. llnll’-lißulldinK. («rco..il Floor, Washington Sr., Sonora, Cal. I lee. id. IS7O. —tf H. P. BARBER, ATTORNEY AND COUNSELOR/IT L\W, No. S 10 Montgomery Street, St A N FR A NCI SCO. my *AT-t I E. A. RODGERS, ATTORNEY AND COUNSELOR:AT LAW, And Notary Duhlic. JW«KFICK—YANKY AVKNIK, SONORA.'** (Will practice in all thcCnurtaof tbe State* “Itl. Particular attention given to tin* subject of llnnk ruplcy in llie C. t». District Court under the U. 8. Ban* ruptcy Uw v( 1807. aplMl JOHN S. SIGEXT, Attorney and t'lniu.ilor nl l.nav, Notary ■*nhlir anil Conveyancer, CO I. CM HI A, TUOLUMNE COUNTY, CALIFORNIA. Will practice iu all the Courts of the Fifth Judicial District. tuy 2- DR. J. J. FRANKLIN, pa Y SI C I A X AN D S U R 0 E 0 X, Office next doer to Shaw's Drug Store, Scnora. DR. R. M. LAMPSON, riIYSKTAN AND SURGEON, CHINESE CAMP. H.WIM4S ri'Kt'II.IMID TIIK DKIC Jt|ore formerly kept bv Dr. J. t. Bogle. 1 wish to inform the Public that 1 have removed from Morte.uma and heraafler will have mv office at Chines-* Camp. All kinds of Drugs and Medicines constantly on hand. At#*- PaescturrioNS carefully Compounded. -yCR U. M. LAMPSOX, M. P. Chinese Camp. .Tunc t, tSTo—tf W«. K. MOORE. TIN, COPPER & SHEET-IROA WORKER COPPER ATI 1.1. N AND IVOKtDi TUDK TO ORDER. NO. 49 WASHINGTON STREET, RT-tf Monorn. A. L. BAR rHOLOMEW FREIGHTER AND FORWARDER, Pir«sPrwf Warehouse, Cv'rncr Sutter and Market Streets, STOCKTON, IMRF.TOUT TAKEN AT THE T, >WKs»T RATK?. For particulars of Freight to and from Stockton,inquire T. 4'l. IKK Aill , !*ouo» a. (mhSP.Iy.J D. W . TULI.OCH | T. *B.WOODS STANISLAUS MILL. Knight'* Ferry. D. W, Tl lttlaOCll & CO., MANCFACTCRKR? OP EXTRA FAMILY FLOUR; GRAHAM FLOUR; GF.OUXD BARLEY | CORN MEAL; BRAX ; SHORTS, &c* t OS. All order* promptly filled. may THE UNION DEMOCRAT. C. H. BURDEN, HOUSE, SIGX <j- CARRIAGE I»AIXT I A U , GLAZING &, PAPER-HANGING. WITH NEATNESS AM) DISPATCH AT A the L««r»l ( n>h I'rirrti OItPERK left with J. S.Odyo C. Burden, vritl re ceive p-e apt at tent.,.a. Jan t, 1870—If. SONORA HOTEL, WASHINGTON STREET. SOXOEA. T. A’RODIGAN, Proprietor. Tins W’El.r KNOWN AND FAVOR. ile Hotel, has been thoroughly renovated this Sprint: and large additions untie to tnrnitnr# and beds, which make* itsone of the UKAV *•«'!*•: L.« in the inte rior of this State. The Booms are Barge, and well venti lated.) tW BATH ROO.TI attached to the'Hotel. THE TABLE AND BAR are abundantly country affords, fortablc. supplied with the host the Market and No pains spared to make patrons cow- T. BRODIOAN. Sonora, June 4,1870 —tf Cohnnbo Restaurant. MAW STREET, tOUMBII, F. STOLTZE, PROPRIETOR. riNIIIS AVI'f,I, KNOWN OLD AND POP. B ntar Establishment, is now RENEWED throngli ont, especially the kitchen dep irtmenf. so that the under signed is prepared to accommodate his patrons and the public generally n itb everything the market affords. Prirnte .Alcala nt All Honrs to Order. The travelling public will find it to their advantage to give the “OLD COLUMBO” a call and try it. COME ON E, COM K ALL^ N. B.—Private rooms attached to the Restaurant. F. STOLTZE, Proprietor, Columbia May 28th, 1870.—tf. Washington Hotel. FIRST CARROTE, CAL., ON TIIK HOAD TO YO.sE.MITE VALLEY. B. L. SAVORY, Proprietor. fIIARI.E Fnrt»Klicd with nil the dcllcn .M. ties of the season. Goo>i Beds, and every attention given for the comfort of travellers. B. L. SAVORY. July 16, 1870—tf A. C. LIVINGSTON. C. 13.I 3 . 1860. S. L.—A. T.—l. T. <l. X.—Z. J. COHNS EXTRACTED WITHOUT PAIN AND WlTH outthenso of acid. 1 will guarantee that every per son can walk immediately after their corns arc taken out without any inconvenience, and that no soreness will fol low the operation. J PRICE, Fifty Cents Each. F. A. ». Y. V. Washington street Sonora, 2nd door below Masonic Hall. Sonora, May 6th. 1871.—1 y. STARBUCK & Co. WHOLESALE DEALERS, AND IMPORTERS OF LIQUORS &C. I JAVK CONSTANTLY ON HAND, Dl reel the finest brands of WHISKIES, IIRAMIIES, WISES, ALES, C ] in mpagne, AND ALL OTHER CASE GOODS. WE DEFY COMPETITION IX QUALI TY OR PRICE. n. STAR KI CK .V Co. Corner Main A Hunter,Sts. Stockton. May 20, 1871—tf GET TITLES TO YOUR MINING CLAIMS, HOMESTEADS & RAMIES. To [IK, UNDERSIGNED IS PRE pared to Sun oy M aing Claims and Agricultural Lands for th.“e who wish to secure TITLES to the same—l,<. At the cheapest living rate. W. 8. OIKIPEu, Surveyor. Sonora, August 13. 1871—tf UNION SALOON. Tniiis popit.ar naloon has rfr.n . filed up in magnificent style, every thing being new and of the la: stylo and is now open for the accom modation of the public. The liar will be supplied with none but the best Wines, LLpier* and Cigars to be had in California; and everv ef fort will bem ide to give satisfaction to all patrons. There is a PHELAN BILLIARD TABLE conmvttM with the >Huvm. The proprietors are determined to spare no. pains to make this the favorite Saloon of Sonora, and they cordial ly invite their friends to give them a call. J. B. BACON, i CO. Sonora. Afay 20. 1871 —tf PIONEER LIVERY STABLE SOXOKA.CaI. ROBERT BOYD, Proprietor. TDK ( NDEKSIONED lIAVIXI open,at a LIVERY STABLE on Washington Street, a few- doors South of the City Ho tel. informs the public that they can at all times be fnrn* i»hoJ with PtKKIAREtI. BIGGIE!* and 9ADUI.E lIOKMFN. Homes kept on livery at reasonable rates. A share of the public patronage is respectfully solicited. ROBERT BOYD. Sonora, OcL S, IS7o—tf SONORA. TUOLUJiXE COUNTY, DECEMBER 30, 1871. Manv novel ami ingenious methods of earn ing a subsistence without labor have lately 1 been brought to light. The most notorious of them is what has been called the ‘‘saw dust swindle,” the exposure of which has developed some very interesting and curious facts. The originators of this scheme have for the past two years flooded the country with circulars offering counterfeit bills at a very low price. After forwarding the pur chase money as requested, all the applicants receive are small, neat wooden boxes which contain small pieces of cast iron wrapped in shavings or imbedded in sawdust. I' hen the dupes write and ask for an explanation, thev receive a mysteriously-worded circular, headed “caution,” informing them that the police have obtained u clue and are on the track, and that the box containing the iron and sawdust is merely a “blind,” and the dune is earnestly requested to keep “dark' for a time to save himself, and when the thing has blown over, the real counterfeits will be duly forwarded. This is a trick, of course, and is only resorted to by the swin dlers to keep their victims quiet while they ensnare others in the same told. James Fisher and Charles Hinckley, who carried on a very extensive trade at No. 39 Nassau street, cleared thousands of dollars from country dupes by this sawdust swindle. They traded under the name of Fisher i Co.. King Son, Owen Brothers, Ao. They oc cupied five rooms on the top lloor of the prem ises. The started in September, 1970, and, when ready, they advertised for good pen men to write addresses at 92 per thousand. They engaged ton young men, chiefly new arrivals from Europe. These young men were locked up in one room, and supplied with envelops and bundles of letters. Each man wrote, on an average, 80* addresses per day, and was kept at work for five months. During these five months 195,009 circulars were mailed all over the country, offering to supply counterfeit money. In one room were nine young girls folding circulars, in closing them, and stamping the envelops. These girls earned about $S per week each. They were also locked in a room whore no one but the principals ever entered. In a small room was secreted the packer. He in closed the iron chips and sawdust, and sent the boxes off by express. He received $lO per week for his labor. : Next came the shop-walker, who was kept constantly posted outside, in the passage, ready to pump any person who came to in quire for the firm. Outside the sanctuary of the two principals was a smAll office, into which was ushered all the knaves who want ed to purchase this counterfeit money. A clerk would receive all the money ho could obtain from his visitors, and under the pre tence that the demand was great r than the manufactory could supply, would state that he could not then give the counterfeits, but would send them by express. He would va rv the excuse by saying that the police were watching every person who left the premises, | and that it would not be safe for him to car-j »y any of these notes away. Manyappli-i cants was thus frightened, and never had the courage to venture near the place again, and lost their deposits. This clerk would some times show a few new genuine bills drawn from a safe, and swear they were counter feits, and such as would be sent to the pur chaser. The daily receipts averaged 5i,200, mostly by express. The total daily expend!-' ture, including printing, stationary, and la bor of the whole gang, did not exceed S3OO, leaving a profit to divide between the two men—Fisher and Hinckley—of S9OO daily, and this immense swindle had been carried on for five months, when Captain Petty made a raid upon the establishment. Fisher and Hinckley, however, got clear, and started again in Cedar street. After making many thousands of dollars they stopped the trade, and one of them under an assumed name, is often seen among the bears in Wall street. SnouDY Women.—The vulgar, shoddy aris tocracy of Xew York surpassed itself for vul garity and tlunkoyism on the occasion of the visit of the Russian Grand Duke Alexis. We have already given our readers an idea of the manner in which the men made fools of them selves. and the New York Uorol tells us how the vulgar women of New York’s “best so ciety” disgraced the honored name of wo man. That paper thus speaks of the scene on board of the steamer Mary Powell, the boat which met the Grand Puke in the bay of New York. It must be borne in mind that the Mary Powell carried the committee of reception, and five hundred finely dressed women, selected by the com mitt •> as the best female representatives of the crane dc la creme !of New York. The World says : “Ladies clad in the most gorgeous apparel clambered up to the top of the tables and cavaliers assisted their fair charges to stop on chairs, steadying them and gently sus taining them in that position while thev lav ished their bewitching smiles and glances on the beaming countenance of the young Rus sian scion. In the midst of the general twitter and confusion the lair dames poured forth all sorts of involuntary expressions re specting the appearance of the Imperial guest, and although mafiy of them stood within a distance of not more than ten feet of the tall, commanding figure of the Prince, they brought their opera glasses into requisi tion and scanned the royal visage.” Commenting on this vulgar scene, the Cin cinnati Commercial grimly says: The girl of the period, gorgeously arraved, standing on a table, and looking at ten feet at the guest through an opera glass, would make a nice picture. Some of the fair crea tures had the happiness to be introduced to and shake hands with the young man, and the effect is thus described : “Ladies huddled together and darted glan ces back at the handsome young man. Each lady on recovering her hand from Alexis’ gentle grasp, hurried on toward the main group smiling and happy, her scat ch> \s tin : with iustihe faintest blush, — Vicksburg Herald. REwuncsri).—A clergyman met a be wildered young man cut in Chicago avenue while the flames were licking up the north side, who asked in bewilderment: “Where am I?” On being informed, he said: “Well. I’ve been married throe weeks I don't know where my wife is—but if she’s burned it is the Lord’s will, let her go !’’ and off he started. Xew York Swindle*. mAEK.iI. I.A.VDS. The following communication has been re ceived at the Sacramento Land Office from the Interior Department, dated November 22J : Hereafter in acting upon mining claims located on veins or lodes of quarts or other reek in place bearing gold, silver, cinnabar or copper, you are instructed not to receive any application f r patent embracing surface ground for the convenient working of the mine unless the same adjoins the location or claim on the vein or lode, and then only such area as is allowed by local rules. After a careful examination of the act of Congress entitled “An act grunting the right of way to ditch and canal owner# over the public lands and fc»,f other purposes,” ap proved July 20th, ISOO. and the act amend atory thereof, approved July 9th, 1070. 1 am fully satisfied that the practice which has heretofore obtained to some extent of patent ing mill sites or surface ground not contigu ous to tho vein or lode is unauthorized. Where rights to the use of water for min ing, agricultural, manufacturing or other purposes, have vested and accrued and the same are recognized and acknowledged bv the local customs, laws and decisions of courts, the owners or possessors of such rights are fully protected in the same by the ninth sec tion of tho said mining statute of July 2'ltb, ISoC, and the seventeenth section of the amendatory net of July 9th, 1870. Entertaining this view of the law. I am compelled to decline issuing patents for any claims covering surface ground not adjoining the vein or lode, and yon will notify all claimants accordingly, stating that their cases cannot be proceeded with nt this office until they shall Lave withdrawn from their appli cations for patents all claim for surface ground not contiguous to tho vein or lode applied for. Please acknowledge receipt as“N.” Very respectfully* etc. WILLIS DRUMMOND. Commissioner. Explanation of the Term Carat. — Tho word carat comes from the Abyssinian name for bean. It corresponds in weight with a certain species of East-India bean, and was originally used ns a weight, in the same man ner as our word grain comes from a grain of wheat, and lias also its average weight. The exact relation of the carat to the grain, Troy weight in round numbers, as is 4(108 to 1185, or in other words, 1185 carats are equal to 4008 grains Troy; by division of the last number by tho first, we find for the weight of carat 0.88 grains very nearly. This is tho weight 1 by which jewelers sell diamonds: but when they buy them, however, they count by round numbers of grains, and use 4 grains for a car at. The carat is now only used for the weight of precious stones and pearls, because the grain is too small. In ancient times it was used ns the unit of weight for gold; but is now by tho greater abundance of that pre cious metal superceded by the ounce. In re gard to the alloy of gold, it has been accepted to take 24 carats of gold, or 93 grains very nearly, as the standard of pure gold; and to call gold of which only twenty carats in 24 carats are pure gold, gold of twenty carats; when ; is pure, or 18 carats in 24 carats, it is called 18 carats. So in regard to the alloy of gold, the word earat has become similar to the expression of a percentage, with the dif ference that 24 is substituted for 100. 8o 18 carats is identical to 75 per cent fine. 12 car ats to 50 per cent fine, etc. That this man ner of estimating tho value is kept up, is simply duo to tho custom of following the du odecimal system in making alloys; when us ing the decimal weights and divisions we are naturally driven to expressions like 80 and 90 per cent fine, ns is done in most all mint? in the civilized world. Beautiful Ireland.— We know of course that Ireland is called the “Emerald I-le," and the color of tho emerald is green, but never had it entered into our imagination that there was anywhere in this world to be seen such verdure as it charmed our eyes to look upon in the rural districts of Ireland. The slopes, tho knolls, tho dells, the fields of young green, over which tho breezes creep like the playful spirits of the beautiful, the pastures dotted over with sheep of the ’purest wool; tho hillsides, rising up into the mist shrouded mountains, all covered with thick carpets of smooth, velvet green. But Ireland should also be called ho “Flowery Isle.” There is not a spot in Ireland, I b‘ lieve, where blessed nature can find an excuse for putting a tlowcr. but she lias put one—not only in tho gardens and meadows, but upon the very walls and crags of the sea, from the great blooming rodeudrons. down to the smallest floweret that in Jestly peeps forth from its gracy cover. The Irish furze, so richly yellow, covers r.ll places that might otherwise be bare and barren ; the silkworm delights everywhere, from thousands of trees, to “drop its web of gold;” the blooming haw thorn. with the sweet-scented pink, and es pecially the white variety, adorns the land scape and the gardens ; wall-flowers, of every hue and variety, clamber to hide the harsh ness of the mural supports ; and beetled cliffs j of the North Sea are fringed and softened i with lovely flowers ; and if ycu kneel any- j where, almost, on the yielding, velvety car- j pet you will find little, well-nigh visible flow-. erets. red, white, blue and yellow, wrought into the very woof and texture. Ireland ought to he called the Beautiful Isle. The spirit of the Beautiful hovers over and touch es to loveliness every point. Marriage Festivities of Our Ancestors. —Marriages a hundred years ago in England are described in an old paper, thus : “Mar ried in June, 1700, Mr. William Donkin, a considerable farmer of Great Tosson. near Rothbury, in tho county of Cumberland, to Miss Eleanor Shotten, an agreeable young gentlewoman, of the same place. The enter tainment on this occasion was very grand, there being no less than 120 quarters of lamb, 44 quarters, of mutton, and a great quantity of beef ; 12 hams, with a suitable number of chickens, etc., which was concluded with eight half ankers of brandy made into punch; 12 dozen of cider, a great many gallons of wine, and 90 bushels of malt made into beer. The company consisted of 550 ladies and gen tlemen, who concluded with the music of 25 fiddlers and pipers, and the whole was con ducted with the utmost order and unanimi ty.” lilut Wiaailittu Krninle Clerk*. A Washington correspondent says; There , has been a little stir here, and should have been a big one. about the discovery of a sys i tom of blackmailing of female clerks in gov ernment employ, that an individual by tfie name of Hoover has been carrying on. It appears that this man has for some time pa.st subsisted «>n the money extorted by frighten ing the timid women in the departments with threats of causing them to lose their places. He would first prefer charges against one of them in the appointment clerk's office, and then would write to the intended victim tel ling her that charges had been made against her, but if she would send him $25 ho would use hi* influence and secure her from dismis sal. He generally succeeded in his rascality, and sometimes has received and some times more for his services. Some of the vic timized clerks. I am told, have complained of him before now to heads of bureaus, but no notice has been taken of their grievances. A few days ago, however, a spunky woman re ceived a letter written after the usual form ula the sharper had adopted, signed w ith his initials. She determined to find out the wri ter, and by dint of questioning the messenger who had brought tho letter, did succed in having the writer pointed out to her. She went to him at once, and asked what he meant by writing such a letter. 110 put on a bold face on the matter, and insisted that her dismissal was pending and that he alone could save her. lie had influence, he claim ed, as he had been employed at tho White House since Grant had been there, though not employed now, and he know certain po tent Treasury magnates. Not by any means convinced by this specious reasoning, the in dignant clerk left him and complained to some purpose, for her ease reached Mr. Bout well's ears, and he immediately sent for her to learn the facts. He was justly incensed, but was very much amused when ho questioned the clerk ns to who this man was. at her reply; “Ob, he's a man who used to grow mush rooms for Grant.” Hoover lias been arrest ed and brought before the Police Court, and it is quite possible he may he brought before the Grand Jury, I suppose there is very little idea how much of this blackmailing, or what is equivalent to, is practiced upon govern ment clerks. There is so little sense of secu rity ever felt by those employed in the depart ments. and women especially are so constan cy made to feel by their superiors in office that the sword which can out off their clerical heads is always suspended above them, that they can very easily be wrought upon to pay out their last dollar to enable them to earn another one by continuing their term of ser vice yet a little longer. The Importance of Agricultural Knowl edge.—At the present titpe, when the pro- 1 ducing class and the fertility of the soil are proportionate for the consuming class, and prices of food are on the increase, tho impor tance of increased agricultural knowledge cannot bo over estimated. There are over ten hundred millions of persons constantly dependent upon the pro ducts of the soil for their very sustenance in life, and while in most of tho vocations de manding active industry, there is a surplus— in that of agriculture there is a groat grow ing deficiency. While this lies at the foundation of all other arts, tho investigation of the principles upon which the successful practice of this art depends, ought to command tho attention of the greatest minds. In the history of every country a period oc curs when the demand for food, at an econo mical rate, becomes very urgent, and conse quently like other important pursuits, calls into requisition those agencies which tend directly to an improvement in the productive powers of “Mother Earth.” When a tract of land is thinly peopled, like tho newly-settled districts of the United States, a very defective system of culture | will produce food enough not only for the j wants of the inhabitants, but a largo amount i for exportation to other countries. When the population becomes more dense, a more scientific and thorough system of culture must be adopted. While the population of our country is rapidly increasing, there is not a corresponding increase in the products of the soil, in the same ratio ; but on the other hand, a diminution in some of tho most im portant cereals.— Stock Journal. Hotel Accommodations in Texas. —One of the exhibitors at the recent Texas State Fair at Houston, gave nn amusing account of his experience at the hotel, which illustrates the crowded condition of the taverns at that time. “When I got there I just said, ‘Cap tain, I wrote you aboo£six weeks ago to save me a room ; I hope you have done so.’ ‘Cer tainly. I have : waiter, show the gentleman to No. 91.’ I’m blest if there wasn’t forty oth ers beside myself in that same apartment, and when they wont to undress at night the room looked like an arsenal, for every man had a knife and a six-shooter or two. .My partner had an immense pistol, which ho coolly took off and placed in the bed between us. ‘Say, stranger.’ says I, ‘if I had to car ry a thing like that, blamed if I wouldn’t put it on wheels.’ ‘Guess if I choose to wear it it's nobody’s business.’ ho replied. ‘Well,’ says 1, ‘is all of this artillery company in this room ?’ About half the occupants were changed every day. and I could tell every new arrival the number of his room as soon as I set eyes on him. ‘lloilo, Colonel, just got in?’ I would say. ‘Yes—just got in, and lucky enough to get a room.’ ‘What's your number ?’ I won'd ask. ‘Ninety-ofie,’ was sure to be the reply.” —♦ - ■ A cargo of ninety tons of ice from the Alps i which was dispatched to India by the Suez Canal route had melted away to four tons when it reached its destination. Katun says “it is probable the parties did not know the business so well as the Americans.'’ Me should think so too. A Michigander presented himself to the Sheriff, weeping, and said he could not tell a lie ; he had killed his wife and child with j his little hatchet. The Sheriff told him he l was too good to live much longer, and the chances are that he will not. Josh Billings says : “Eight won’t go into six and have anything left over. Many a young fellow has found this oat by trying to get a number six boot on. NUMBER 27. Two Clergymen Kernred in* Themselves. Near a late New Jersey camp meeting two clergymen, a Baptist and a Methodist, , were walking, when they saw a little girl sitting on a stone, who was weeping bitterly. “What is the matter, my little girl?” asked the Baptist kindly. “My—my father was | —fill'd on the railroad a few days ago, and : oasjnst been buried, sir; and my mother is siok a! 'd eaultw wk, and we havn’t nothing | to eat and don't know what to do,” sobbed the little girl, crying ns if her heart would j “A truly lamentable ease ; I do in* i deed pity you. said the Baptist, frigidly, as iif lie were nitying some ice cream he could in 't eat. “Mow much do you pity her, Brother C? I pity her five dollars,” yelled | the Methodist, as he threw a V into the girl’s : lan. Tie bad read an incident like this in a Sun* ; day soli d paper. “I double vour pile, | Brother lb." the Baptist brother said, as ho slowly placed an X over the N , “I go you one better, the Methodist bawled as he put a ten on the money. “I cover your stake. Brother P., and the Baptist clergyman’s expression showed he was getting excited, ns a isccnfy from his purse was put on the rapidly increasing pile. “I'll top the spons with a fifty,” howled Brother P., ns he drew out his lust note and placed the sum with the others, glaring sat* agely at his companion. “Here is a bun j dred dollar note, little girl,” said the Bap tist quite blandly, now that he had got ahead jot Ijis Methodist hrothor-in-tho Lord ; “you may rake in the spoils, for you’ve ‘cleaned i out and ‘euchred’ both my friend and my , self, and leic us both ‘dead broke.’ ” Then j they walked off, humming a hymn. Now, | what we would like to know is, what did those clergymen do before they were con* verted ? —• * Some of the \\ isconsin papers estimate that lour hundred square miles of territory in that j State were burned over by the recent tiros. In this tract were four hundred farms and j n, d :l building was left standing on any of ; them. In the Breen Bay region the damages to pine timber alone is estimated at half a million dollars. In the burned tract were al so fifteen saw mills, and two hundred thou sand dollars worth ol bark and cord wood, besides many flouring mills and lumbermen’s camps. A correspondent who rode all day in the burned region, saw but three hens and n fanning mill as farm stock, everything being swept away ns by a mighty tornado. lie es timates that the district will bo at least thir ty years recovering from the calamity. The houses, mills, and stock cannot be replaced for five million dollars, saying nothing of tho valuable forests and fences. But, sadder than all is tho loss of life. No one places tho figures at less than a thousand, and there aro official accounts of tho burial of moro than TOO. ••• A Plantation Negro's Prescruwiom.—A gentleman in Alabama, in exerting himself one day felt a sudden pain, and fearing his internal machinery had been thrown out of order, sent for a negro of his plantation, who made some pretentions to medical skill, to proscribe for him. Tho negro, having in vestigated tho cause, prepared and adminis tered a dose to his patent with tho utmost confidence of a speedy cure. No relief being experienced, however, tho gentleman sent for a physician who, arriving, inquired of the negro what medicine, he had given his mas ter. Bob promptly responded : “Rosin and alum, suh.” “What did you give them for ?” continued the doctor. “Why,” replied Bob, “do alum to draw the parts to gedder, and the rosin to soder urn.” The patient eventually recovered. A correspondent in tho Now York Post writes : “A few days since a lady was talk ing with the head dress-maker at Stewart’s, when the dross-maker said : ‘You can havo a velvet train to your dress if you choose.' ‘No,’ was the reply, ‘I think eight hundred dollars pill do for a dress without the extra expense of a velvet train.’ • Another lady was waiting to give directions to Arnold ,fc Constable s dross-maker. There was a large, coarse women, her hands loaded down with diamond rings, ahead of her, giving her di rections. She said : ‘I want all the lace on ray dress you can get on. I want real lace r I do not limit you in price ; I leave you to se lect it. The ‘rigging’ of such women is worth more than tho women themselves.” Needi f, Making.—There is a needle fac tory in New Haven where tho whole process is done by a single machine, without tho manual labor of any person. A coil of steel wire is put in ; the machine cuts it off at tho required lengths : it cuts tho steel pieces con secutively. punches the eye-holes, counter sinks the eyes, and grinds *the points—and r in fact, does everything until the needles drop out completely formed. Another ma chine picks them up and arranges them heads and points together, and a third piece of me chanism puts them into paper. One of these machines ccupies no more space than nn or dinary table and each of them turns ont from oOpMK) to 40.00(1 needles a day. Most of the needles were imported from England, until a few years past. Fairest, dearest and best, are you really warmer in a shawl which costs a thousand dollars than in one which costs thirty dol lars ? It is nonsense for you, sensible wives and lovely daughters of a sensible working merchant, or lawyer or farmer, as you no doubt are, to try to emulate the clothes of an empress who has the purse of an emperor in her pocket, or of ‘the women of the (/ont motnlr, who are bubbles of a fleeting and frightful character. A preacher whose custom it was to indulge in very long sermons exchanged with one who preached short ones. At about the usu al time for dismissing, the audience began to go out, until nearly all hud left, when tho sexton, who stood it as long as ho could, walked up to the pulpit stairs, and said to the preacher in a whisper : “When you have got through lock up, will yon, and leave the key at my house, next to the church ?” Y men ?—The question of the day ia whether it is more difficult for a girl of the period to got her clothes iu her trunk or her trunk in her clothes.