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THE COLUMBIA BtiMOCRAT.
"iAnTn without feaA." Saturday, May IS, 18187. THE CONVENTIONS. AVo have only room to give a condensed "Vlfiw of the proceedings of the Conventions, "which wo glean from our llnrrisburg ex 'chango papers. The address and resolu tions of the "Integrity of the Unioii" con vention arc given entire; and when the con vention" td alter and amend the Constitu tion" gets properly organized, and pro ceeds to act upon the exciting topics which have long been agitated, and which will unquestionably bo Introduced into that body, we shall endeavor to give the proceedings more in detail, and occasionally present 'our readers with the speeches of the Dele gates. So far as business lias progressed, the party line has been drawn with the blackest kind of ink; and with thffexccption of Walter Forward, Esq. the delegates seems determined to have each question decided exclusively on party grounds. This gentleman is untrammelled by politi cal feelings he holds the balance of power in his own hands and, although a whig, seems determined to go for his country and his whole country. His casting vote gave the printing of the Debates, to the editors of the "Keystone;" and his opposition to life offices, and to the immense patronage of the executive, may present a reform in our constitution which we had but little rea son to expect from the political caste of the Delegates, since the dcatli of Dan Caldwell. Wo can only now hope for the best; and whilo so distinguished an individual in the ranks of the opposition pursues a course so honorable to himself and so subservient to the interests of his country, our hopes have a reasonable foundation. However little party feeling has affected the interests of !uPC'Pl- o much in jury in preventing the promulgation of good acts; and we sincerely wish those causes for useless excitement may be entirely lost in the anxious desire to promote the public good, and that the same patriotism and love of country which characterised the distin guished framcrs of our present charter of rights, may prompt them in suggesting a mendments, which arc so seriously to af fect the interests of those who sent them as delegates to the convention. We say again we can only hope for the best. iCTWo thank our editorial brethren for tlreirpromptncss in forwarding exchange papers; and wo really feel grateful for the undeserved compliments which have been bestowed upon the matter and execution of our first number. These complimentary notices, we are proud to say, come from both political parties; and in our intercourse with cither, however much wo may vary in .sentiment and action on public topic3, we "shall endeavour to deserve their good wishes, and;cnjoy their best feelings, by a tenacious adherence to the course laid down in our prospectus. Scarcely thirty winters have frosted our tcrrcstial existence, and eight of these at lp ast have been spent in catering for the pnblic, as tho editor of a newspaper; and although Ave have been an active parti zan in almost every political strife since tho memorable one of 1828, which happened on the very day we were entitled to a vote, by age, yct wo have learned, by experience, that dfle friend is moro valuablo than any number, of enemies; and that to preserve friends, we must act honorably, live socia bly, and never villify our brother.typos, who are as spunky as any Tcxian soldiery, and who have vowed on tho shooting-stick that they will never suffer an insult to pass withoilt inflicting their inky resentment. Tolall, then, we extend our kindly feelings, and promise, on honor, that we shall not, at least, bo the first to handle the filthy weapons which sometimes characterize tho personal .abuse of one another. C7A coronor's inquest was held on tho body of Joseph C. Jones, on the 3d inst. He was drowned in crossing Caltawissa creek, near Paxton Si McKelvy's mill, on tho 31st of March last, but his body was not found until the date of Hie inquest above mentioned. THE PRESSURE. There is a great fuss made by the City papers about pressure-and ' failures, arid really if a person know nothing of tho worldjjhe would imagino that all the riches arid honors of great men were scattered to the four winds of Heaven because it would be ludicrous to suppose that they should fall to the lot of poor and humble citizens. Hut how ridiculous is all this palaver and excitement, when we know the cause in most instances. For example, many of these "unfortunate" busincss-mcnwcrc not worjth a red cent three years since; but they commenced speculating in stocks, and buy ing lands in the West and Texas, upon a credit that had nothing to loss and all to gain; and when payment is demanded, and tllo Banks refuse to discount their paper, why they faill "Old what a fail was there, my countrymen!" Then they buy in their debts they compound with creditors, and pay 20, or 25, or 30 cents in tho dollar which i3 a new era in business; and they commence operations on a larger scale than ever! Those arc city failures. Now, in the country, poor people are always scarce of cash, and rich people know how to keep what they got; but there is no such system of speculation no such credit no such mode of paying old debts. When a man fails here, there is no fun about the matter there is no compounding for a less amount than the property will bring under the hammer of the Sheriff and after all his property and credit arc gone, he will be monstrous lucky, and fcclmonstrous happy if he gets employment to supply him with comfortables in the wav of livinir- We never knew a man fail for 50,000 in Phil adclphia, who did not seem richer, in all Ills adversity, than a Countryman with three or four farms, all well stocked, and all paid for. We consequently never no tice those sham alamrs of distress. They arc like tho Bank panics of 1831 nothing but smoke arising from the burnt rags that never were of any real value. Iron Ore. We have been shown a spe cimcn of Iron ore dug from the farm of Mr, William Robinson of this place, which is about one mile from town, on Fishine- crrrk- r , , . . imiu uiui ouciit It IS In'1 f" " 1 miti must yield from 75 to 80 per cent. The vein runs from 5 to 9 feet below the surface of the earth is from 12 to 18 inch es thick; and must be inexhaustible in ex tent. About 100 tons have been excavated, and are lying on the bank; and while they promise a great source of wealth to our friend Robinson, they add a little to the fu ture prosperity of Bloomsburg. We again congratulate Columbia county on account of her mineral resources. ICT'John Covexiiove.v, Esq. of Orange villo. has been appointed a Justice of tho Peace for the townships of Bloom, Briar Creek, and Mount Pleasant. Dividends. The Bank of Middletown lias declared a dividend of six per cent, from tho profits of that institution for the last half year, ending 30th of April; and the Ilarrisburg Savings Institution a dividend of seven per cent. Gen. Cameron is at the tho head of the Middletown Bank, than whom, as Mr. Bieknell says, "a better cashier is not within the U. States;" and from its regular semi-annual dividends wo should really suppose that Mr. B. was a good judge of Banking officers. Advertising. Those of our friends through whose representations we were in duced to mako "our habitation and our home" in Bloomsburg, and to whoso exer tions wo are indebted in a great measure for our present subscription, should also bear in nrind that advertisements arc tho life of a paper, and the main support of an editor on commencing business. Wo believo tho "Democrat" circulates as extensively as any paper in Columbia county; and as Admin istrators, Guardians, Agents, Sic. have a controlling power in the disposition of theso favours, wo particularly look for them as duo us from thoso friends who seem, at least, to feel such an interest in tho prosperi ty of this establishment. A gentlo hint will certainly givo'no offence; and as we givo it from purely interested motives, we .hope it may havo the effect which we unquestiona bly intend. Tho Supcrintendant of tho W. Branch division of tho Pennsylvania canal will re ceive proposals atMcEwonsvillo, Northum berland county, on Thursday next, for re pairing tho Muney Dam and Scliutc, which sustained considerable damage during the freshets this spring, TO BRIDGE BUILDERS. The Commissioners of Columbia county lave advertised for receiving proposals at tho house of John McReynolds, E3q. at the Buckhorn. on Friday next, for the con struction of two Bridges across Little Fish ing Creek.4 One is to be built near Paxton and McKelvy's mill, with stone abutments, ten feet above low wntcr-marki surmounted by a circular arch, on Burr's plan, and to bo 75 feet long and 10 feet wide. The other to be built at Kinncys fording, with stone abutments, eight feet above low wa ter mark, to be surmounted witlt a common trussel superstructure, and to be GO feet in length and 10 feet wide. Plans and speci fications will bo exhibited at the letting. Specie. Bicknclls "Reporter" of Wed ncsday last says, "we believe it is an ad mittcd fact that the amount of specie in the vaults fof the City Banks at this time, is larger than at any former peiiod for a num ber of years." And yet the Philadelphia papers prate about tho Banks being com pelled to stop specie payments, notwith standing their solvency in every respect. The reason is obvious: they wish their stock thrown into market, so that they can purchase it themselves at a discount then sell again at an advance of 10 or 20 per cent. and continue this course of specula' ting policy until widows, and orphans, and soap-sticks, arc completely rifled of the small change which industrious and ccon omical husbands and ancestors had intend' cd for their honest and liberal support. Every day but the more and more convin ces us of the abominations attending almost every species of speculation especially Banking. A TRUE PATRON. We cannot rcsisfthc temptation of giv ing publicity to the following letter Irom an old friend and subscriber. It comes from one who has always stood in the front ranks o democracy, and who justly appreciates the services of an humble, but vigilant editor, His acquaintance with the pecuniary affairs of a printing office are well expressed in words, and ably exhibited in the eloquence 1.; ".MAY 3, 1837. Dsin Sin: I havo received and read the first number of tho "Columbia Democrat;" and while I am pleased with its neat execution, I cannot avoid my expression in favor of tho pith and principles which characterise both your original and selected matter. If you pursue your present course, you will not only assist in sustaining freedom and spread ing intelligence but you will secure tho confidence and support of the people, and your paper be looked upon as tho one through which correct principles alono arc promulgated. By tho bearer I send you $2, as advance payment for one year's subscription. I am awaro that in most instances a young man uses all his capital in starting business; and as I wish to support the free dom of the press, as the surest palladium of our rights, 1 employ my cllorts in tins way to attain the obicct, Wishing you success in your present undertaking, T -r ii !t - i uui i uur wen wisucr, txc. C5Our latest Ilarrisburg paper is the "Keystone" of Wednesday, from which wo glean our notice of tho proceedings of the convention the latest reports being up to Saturday. VISITERS TO WEST POINT. Tho following gentlemen have been invited by tho Secretary of War, to attend tho examination of tho Uadcts of the Military Academy, to commence on tho first Monday in June next: Nathaniel Dowditch, Esq. of Massachusetts. Hon. A. Vandcrpool, of New York. Col. James McCown, do. R. D. Miller, Esq. do, A. M. Dod, Esq. of New Jersey. Capt. John Miles, of Pennsylvania. Ellis Lewis, Esq. do. James Rogers, Esq. do. Hon. Jacob Wagner, do. James McDowell, Esq. of Virginia. Alexander Rives, Esq. do. Alfred Moore, Esq. of North Carolina. Gen. James Rodgcrs, of South Carolina. Thomas Dennett, Esq. do. James S. Bullock, Esq. of Georgia. John C. Mullay, Esq. of Tennessee. Thomas P. Moore, Esq. of Kentucky, , Owen, Esq. of Alabama, Gen. Georgo W. Tcrrill, of Mississippi. William M. Dunn, Esq, of Indiana. Gen. M. Arbucklc, United States Army. TEXAS. The New Orleans American of a lato date states that an intelligent gentleman from Washington, (Texas) informed the editor that tho feeling is dai ly growing in favor of driving tho Spaniards from Matamoras. Ho says "The army is in fino order, and if peace bo not made with Mexico before tho 1st of June, wo may bo certain that it will move upon tho above city. Tho Texian congress meets in a few days, and they will doubtless adopt measures for tho benefit of tho country. Nothing would be more popular than to carry lho war into the enemy's lines." Washington, May 2. In tho caso of Richard II, White, indicted in our circuit court, upon a charge of burning tho treasury building in March, 1633, and now tried on that in dictment for the third time, the jury, after being shut up three days and nights, camo into court yesterday morning, again without a verdict, declaring that they should never bo able to agree upon one. The jurow were, of courso, discharged by Uie court. Tailoring Business. A CAB.D. The Subscriber RETURNS his acknowledgments to his nume , rous friends and customers fof their past favors, and wouiu now respccuuuy announce 10 incra, inai he has received tho latest From Philadelphia, and as there arc material chan ges, invites persons desirous of having their gar ments made in the neatest and best stylo, to give him a call. Ho will endeavour to please all who favour him with their patronage, by executing his work in a neat and fashionablo manner, and at the short est notice. I'ETEH R. IIEIGHMAN. Orangcvillc, May 13, 1837. WANTED: A Journeyman Tailor, Who will find constant employment. None need apply except a good workman. ALSU : AN APPRENTICE Is wanted. A lad between tho ago of H and 17 years, of industrious habits, who wishes to learn the Tailoring business, will find a good situation, by applying immediately to t PETER It. IIEIGHMAN. Orangcville, May 13, 1637, Benjamin Scrr, ESPECTFULLY informs tho public that he , carries on the above business in Mifilinville, and that he keeps constantly on hand an assortment of BE AVEB.3 FUPm) AND WOO"L HATS, Whirli be will warrant of tho best materials, and well manufactur d. His shop is on Main Street; and lie will feel grateful for a share ol patronage May 13, 1837. ASSIGNEE'S SA1LE. ILL be sold, at public vendue, on Saturday the 10th day of Juno next, at the public house of Kobcrt Haclicnbuch, at ftl'Dowclls Mills, in Dloom township, Columbia county, tho following property, viz: The one undivided sixth part of a Tract of Land, Situate in said township of Bloom, adjoining land: oi juiin uuriuii, ana Dorucnngon risnuig irccn. late the property of Joseph Stcttlcr. Sale will commence at 10 o'clock in the forenoon of said day, when attendance will bo given and terms ol sale made known, by PHILIP STRICT Tin, -umigncc, NOTICE. .... j.cuna ua.iug tmuns acainst sam Joseph Stcttlcr, are requested to present them at same tunc and place for settlement; and all persons indebted are solicited to bo in attendance and mako prompt payment. riilj.il' SI'ETTLEK, Assignee. May 13, 1837. SHERIFFALTY. To the Electors of Columbia county : KTGLLOW CITIZENS: At the urgent solicita. ' tions ol numerous friends, I oiler myself as candidate for the office of SHERIFF. Should I be so fortunate as to rcccivo a majority of votes, and procuro my commission, I pledge myself to execute the autics ol the ollicc with fidelity and impartiality. EUAS McIIENKY May 13, 1837. 1TEW GOODS. The Subscriber ETURNS his thanks to customers for tho .patronage w hich ho has received from them suico he has commenced business in Dloomsburg. He hopes they will still continuo their usual sup port; and ho has now tho pleasure of offering them a large and fashionable assortment of SEASONA BLE GOODS, which havo been carefully selected, embracing tho latest style of French, English and American AMONG WHICH WILL BE FOUND Cloths, Cassimeres and Sallinetts, of dif ferent styles and colours; Silks; Figur ed Lawns and Jackonetts, European S,- Jlmerican Calicoes S,- Ginghams, Vest- tags, JJamask J able Cloths, Hosiery, Gloves, Bonnet Trimmings, $c. 5'C. ALSO, Ladies' Morocco, Seal, Pru nelle Shoes J- Slippers, Men's Shoes and Hoots. TOGETHER WITH AN ASSORTMENT OF HARDWARE, IRON, China; Glass AND aUEEXSWARE : PAIHTS3 OILS-, Hffctliciiicg and Dyc-StulRj ; CEDAR-WARE, GROCERIES & LIQUORS, All of which will bo sold on tha most reasonable terms. Persons wishing to purchase, are requested to call and cxamino his stock of Goods, and judge for themselves. CCj All kinds of country produce will bo taken in exchange for goods. C. U. FISHER. Bloomsrpg, May 6, 1837. HEMLOCKFAGTORY. Fulling, Dyeing, AND DRESSING- of CfcOTH. THE Subscribers respectfully inform the public PJH VIlUb VUVJ llill KtAt,! O Ul . Utility VBLUU hshmcht, recently occupied by 'Solomon Nimox and uuun juiusnaii, on jiemiocK crccK, in iicmiock townsnlp, lCumbiacQuty, between Ulnomtburg & the Buckhorn, where they are p'rep'ared to accom- modAta rnnlnmrrn Sn t!irir linn lincinMi prliA.. will attend at the following places every two weeks cloth, Viz! M Stacy Mar gcrim'js Inn, 'in Caltawis sa; 'at JPidotu Lrumhelkr''s, in Caltawis' sa township; at John reagers Inn, Hoar insville; and at Peter Kline's Inrt, New Amelia. (Tr The r.istomnrv hVWa rhnrrrM. All 1nSi.l nf " i j i ty " - w. country produc. received by them for their work. Uj" iney respccuuuy solicit patronage trom the public. SAMUEL THOMAS. ANDREW EMMONS. May C. 1837. SHERIFF'S SALES. BY virtue of sundry writs of Venditioni Expo nas, issued out or tho court of Commdri pleas of Columbia county, and to me directed, will be 'cx- J, A 1-1! I - .1- .1 ; , V. . jwbuu vo puunc aie, at ido counnouse in llanville, on Saturday, the 27M day of May ritxt, at 2 o'clock Un c. rii...:t. . . . .i. uiv uiuiuun, luiiuwiug jirujH.'riy, 10 wit! V certain Tract of Land. Situate in Bloom Lnwnfthtn. nnlnYnhifi nnniv joining lands of William Clark, John. Conner, John ui,g, vumuu nuuiuH, ucuuiuru, cunuuning liiuil TY ACRES, more or less, whereon is creeled a Log nOUSE & BARN. Seventy acres are cleared land, and on tho premises is an APPLE ORCHARD. Seized, taken in exe cution, and to be sold as tho property of Frederick. Rantz and Peter Rantz, Executors of the estate of Frederick Rantz, dee'd, ALSO, a certain TRACT OF LAND, Situate in Roaring Creek township, Columbia coun ty, adjoining lands of John Cooper, J. Hurly, Adam Starks, Leonard Roup, George Stinc, and others, con taining SEVENTY-SEVEN ACRES, more or less1 whereon is erected ono AND A L.OG BARJf.- About forty-six acres arc cleared land. Seized, takci)1 ,.wuuuii, aim w uusuiu as uie property oi jacou Roup. By ISAIAH SALMON, Sheriff: Sheriff's office, Danville, Anril tear. $ Valuable Real Property TJROPOSALS will bo received by the subscri- fimrttllay1 JSVBlBSg; firfSieor more years, the following property, to wit A Good Farm, situate in Bloom township, about two and a half miles from Bloomsburg. Also, a AND MERCHANT MILL, situate on said farm, together with a FULLING MILL AND FACTORY, on the same premUcs. Also, a -Jpsi. DWELLING HOUSE, flllllf STORE HOUSE, with necessary out-buildings, in Bloomsburg, now in tho occupancy of Mr. C. B. Fisher. CEj-Thc preference will be given to those who will rent the whole property. Possession given on tho first day of April next. JOHN BARTON Espytown, April 59, 1837. The Subscriber RESPECTFULLY informs his friends, and the public generally, that he continues to ma-' nufacturo Chairs, Bedsteads, SETTEES, &C. His shop is near Mr. McKelvy's store-house, at the Basin, on the Pennsylvania Canal. He will bo 1 thankful for favors, and uso his endeavors to pleaso customers. CHARLES A. MOYER April, 29, 1837. TAKE HOTICE. THE Subscriber is about loavingtrus part of the country, & would therefore respectfully invite thoso in arrears to him on 6ubcription lists, &c, to call on or before tho 1st day of Juno next, and sfltfc with him without further notice. JEREMIAH SHINDLE. Bloomsburg, May C, 1837. JOHN S. INGRAM, iOkFFERS his professional services to the citizens of Columbia county. He will also attend to business in tho several courts of this Judicial district. Law office in the same room with the printing office of ths "Columbia Democrat." Bloomsburg, April 59, 1837. A BIGEST OF THF. Revised Code & Acts Passed by the Legislature between the 15tb? day of April, 183G, and the 10th day of Juno,fl836; forming with Purdon'i Di gest of 1830, and Parke Si Johnson's di gest, vol. l.a complete digest of the laws of Pennsylvania, to tho present time. tr-7jf? few copies of the above Digest for sale at this Office.