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THE STATU CONSTITUTION. No 1.0 .... After a lapse of nearly. rortTY-SKVEN t.aup, llio people of Pennsylvania arc a liout 1o nsseniblo in Convention, by their mitliorizcri agents, for the purpose of con sidering tllO F l! N n A M K NT A Ij LAW of tllC COlll- lnonwcnltli. Tlio Constitution which is now to be reconsidered, and if necessary, revised, was "done in Convention," tho HCcond day of Scptemder 1700, and pre sents, in its various provisions, the clearest evidence of political wisdom and pure re publican virtue. The period at whie.li the present consti tution was ordained, was highly favorablo for the proper performance of a task so im portant. The spirit of tho Revolution was still active, and continued to pcrviidc and animate the popular mind; the principal scenes of that momentous stniimlc were fitlll irlowinif in tho vivid recollections of those' who had iiarticinated in their glory or escaped from their terrors', and many of tho most prominent actor? in tnc great rev olutionary drama, were still in existence, to . t .1 ' 1.... . consummate ny ineir wisuuni wiuu uiun valor had begun. The ircneral prevalence of correct infor mation on the subject of constitutional law, was another circumstance which distin guished, in the most favorable manner, the Ticnod at which our constitution was con sidered and adopted. The enlmntenetl discussions wlucn ac companied the formation and adoption of .i .... r.i... it. ',.t o. . i..l ItlO coiisuiuiioii oi mu uiiuuu ouuus, mm liceir scarcely concluded, when tho people of Pennsylvania met in convention to amend their form of irovernmcnt. The arguments In favor of, and the objections against the federal constitution were fresh in the minds of the people. V.'hcn we consider, that the soundest statesmen of that dav distinguished them selves in tho important controversies which originated in a choice of principles, for the establishment of rational liberty, and that the most powcrhil minds were brought into conflict in making that choice; and when avc take up the number of "thk i nnuiiAi. jst," and conleinplate the range of thought, the grasp of reason, the power of argument and the lorcc ot truth therein evinced, the 'conclusion is irrcsistablc, that at that day, Human iuoiits were wni.r. understood, and that ample securities were then provided for their protection. A National Convention, over whose de liberations the rATi:n of the Republic pre sided, had recently held a protracted ses sion in the metropolis of Pennsylvania. In.-that Convention, Benjamin Franklin, James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, Roger Sherman, James "Wilsox, John Dickinson, and Roiiert Morris were a inong only their cnuals, as regards purity of purpose, and a high and a holy patriotic devotion to their country. The arduous labors of that convention were recommended to the people of tho U nitcd Slates, by the most eloquent tomrucs. the ablest pens and tho greatest weight of unuiuuiur, uiui puniupa over uiuieu ineir influence in the establishment of civil policy. The political writings of IIamiltoj;, Madison and Jay, were, of themselves, sufficient to distinguish and consecrate that period, as an epoch in political science, which certainly had no parallel in tho annals (of tho past. The entire history of civil government, in all the variety of its forms and principles, had been carefully explored, tnid subjected to a critical analysis and a severity of investigation, that never lost sight of the practical purposes to which it was applied. From this cause alone, it would be fair to infer) that the people of Pennsylvania, in 1T00, understood the principle:! of civil alid religious liberty, as well as any other community of freo and enlightened men. Hut we are not dependent on inference only, in our efl'orts to sustain the position for which we contend. The constitution itself bears strong internal evidence of the wisdom and tho virtue of the republican pa triots by whom it was framed, and the peo ple by whom it was adopted. The names appended to the constitution under whose provisions the people of this commonwealth have enjoyed the blessings of good government for roitTV seven years, would, in the absence of any other recom mendation, impart great force to tho claims of an instrument possessing less intrinsical perfection. James "Wilson, Thomas M' Kean, Alexander-Addison, James Ross, William Findley, and Aliiert Gallatin wcro lar above the intellectual stature of common men. Thomas M'Koan and James Wilson had been distinguished members of the glorious Congress of '70, and their names may ho found on tho "great charter" of our liber ties, tho immortal declaration of American Independence. Judge Wilson was also a member of tho convention of 1787, and was honorably distinguished by his ener getic labors in tho formation of the national constitution; and ho was unquestionably tho most conspicuous member of the con vention of 1700, which gave to Pennsylva nia tho constitution which sho now propo ses to amend. And, as a happy illustration of tho influ ence which was exerted over tho destinies of Pennsylvania, by tho enlightened delib erations of the convention of '87, wo find many of tho most important and salutary provisions of tho Federal Constitution, (so far as they were applicable to tho condition of a member of tho great confederacy of stiten,) hilerwovert with the Constitution of this Commonwealth. ; It is also proper to notice the fact, that, at the timo when tho constitution of Penn sylvania was devised, the wild spirit of un governable democracy, which insulted Hea ven and degraded the earth by its demoniac licentiousness in France, had not as yet spread its seductive allurements before the advocates of liberal principles, on this side of the Atlantic. The political philosophy of France was, in its plausible inception, well calculated to deceive those who con tended for equality of privileges and rights. Rut our constitution was framed and adopt ed, before the pernicious doctrine of the French school found active adherents in this infant republic. For this Providential exemption from so great an evil, we should still cherish a live ly sense of gratitude to heaven. For, firm ly as our institutions wcro established by the well-timed adoption of our Federal and Slate constitutions, their perpetuity was greatly endangered, by the destructive cause to which wo have adverted; and some noble minds in this country were deeply infected with the infidel theory propagated in France, from which nothing but its practical atrocities couhl induce them to revolt. The loreffoni" consideration!; will ccr tainly extort tho admission, that all the cir cumslanccs under which our present coil' stitutiun was formed and adopted, were dr ci'.lcdly fuvorabhi to the prevalence of good principles, and such principles were incor porated in the fundamental law of Pennsyl vania, by men who possessed sound under standings and honest hearts. From what has been said, we would not be understood, as dissentino from the pro prioty cl constitutional retorm. it was however conceived to he proper, to notice the circumstances under which and the venerated persons by -whom our present constitution was iormed and established, ana we did so, lor this, among other rea sons, that the delegates who are now a- bout to exercise the highest rights of sov ereignty for the benefit of the present and succeeding generations, may be duly an prised of the difficulty and the delicacy of the task we have undertaken, and the high responsibilities under which it is to be per formed. To revise an instrument original ly lormcd by wise and patriotic men, and which has in some degree been sanctified by the lapse of time, requires an equal de gree ol wisdom and patriotism, it improve ment be the object ol that revision. The people, after repeated periodical de liberations, Willed a constitutional relorm; and this expression of their will demands, and receives, our acquiescence. The small majority by whom, and the peculiar circum stances under which that will was expressed, in connection with the singular apathy with which iins great question lias been subse qucntly regarded, have not increased our con fidencc in the ultimate success of the measure. The final submission of the labors of the convention to the decision of the people, (if itbe unincumbered with exciting topics, and extraneous considerations,) is rcucemmg principle calculated to inspire nope and allay apprehension. We tako no counsel from tear: although. in reference to the matters before us, frequent appeals have been made to that timid and paralysing passion. All the Whig, and many of the Anti-masonic papers, (lor in this respect thoy can scarcely be distinguished from each other,) have sounded the trumpet oi alarm, anu indulged m the most gloomy predictions, in relation to the "reform" which is now contemplated in Pennsylvania. Wc notice these appeals to fear, and these lugubrious predictions, for the purpose of uiiiuiuuir a pnuuipic which many protesscu republicans seem to misunderstand. We shall pursue this disquisition in our next, and the succeeding numbers of our paper, in obedience to the dictates of duty, and in compliance with the wishes of many of our readers, by whom the proposed constiutional relorm is properly regarded a question of uncquaied importance. Extraordinary Suicide. The body of a man wns tound on the bank ol the seine at Rouen. In one of his pockets was found a paper on which the following lines were written m a trembling hand. "She is sixteen, 1 am almost trice her age. It is long since I saw her for the first time; she thon smiled upon me with inno- cenco of childhood, and her sweet liltlo hands played with my hair. She is sixteen this day and I am more than forty her hands aro moro timid, and her angel eyes aro abashed when I look upon her. Why? I would almost wager this child of six teen loves me; for I have seen her weep, havo seen tears in her eyes when any dan ger has threatened me. And I but I am more than forty and she is scarcely sixteen yestorday she was not so. Is she not too young forme, or am I not too old for her? It is bettor to detcrniiuo this business. I destroy myself, not because I am more than forty, but becauso sho is not more than sixteen. The body has not been recognized. Paris Paper. J he l'arisons commit suiculo as if thoy expected to road accounts of their own death in tho newspapers, and to receive tho con- gralulalions of their friends. Evory sui cide seems to have been prompted by love of notoriety. Office of the lire. few Orleans May 5, 1837. CAPTURE dP A MEXICAN BRIG OF WAR BY THE NATCHEZ. The schooner Climax, which nrrlvml last evening, puts us ill 'possession of the loiiowinff important intelligence. Tho U. S. Sloop of war Natchez On the 17 April off the Umbos St. Jago, made a formal demand upo'n thc Mexican authori ties to deliver tip, and release the Ameri can vessels, Julias Caesar, Champion, Lc onidas and three others whose names tire not recollected, which had been illegally captured by the Mexican fleet, cruising off the coast of the Republic of Texas. To this demand no answer was returned. The Climax was in company wtih the Natchez, and had been brought to by the Mexican fleet. A firing was commenced from the fort and the Mexican brig Bravo upon the Natchez and the Climax, and an IS pound ball struck the Climax, came through the port fqrward the forcrigging, went through the deck into the larbord bow, started a plank, and caused the schooner to make three and a half feet of Water an hour. The Natchez being informed of the situ ation of the Climax, sent the camnninr nml several of the crew to the assistance of that vessel. Having repaired the climax, she took her in convoy as far oil' as Matagorda. In the meanwhile the Mexican brig of war (formerly the Privilegio hove in sight, and was taken possession of by the Natchez; a prize crew were put on board, and she was ordered to Pcnsacola. Thcso arc the imperfect particulars we have received. The taking Of tho vessel may ue reiieu on; but wc regret the cir euinstanccs that lead to'this act are not more minutely detailed. Doubtless lhn ntr gravation was very great, and that tho honor oi ine American llag compelled the com- manucr ot the iatcncz to take the step he did. The fact is that on the previous occasion of Mexican folly and audacity, when the Louisiana was so unjustifiably and illegally captured, a similar course would have been completely justihcd on the part ol Capt Mcrvine. N. B. The steam boat Grampus reports that the Mexican brier is off the S. W. Pass in the custody of the U. S. Sloop of war atcnez, bound to Pcnsacola. The public announcement this morning of the suspension ofsnccie navmrnH ,,H the banks of the city, had the effect, as it was natural to expect, oi creatifig a great excitement amomr all clns At an early hour this morning, Wall street uuuiiguu wuii people who appeared to have collected together-mflmk' in ncrrirt.,!.. t U J " WVkllUlll what was going on Preparations had been maue uy uie new :uayor to meet every c mcrnencv that Jiiisrht nrisn. hv ...,11; r,,i a large body of the military, the city watch .mu iiiursiiais, who were Kept upon duty during the greater part of tho day and last night. From what we could observe, how ever, inrougnout tho city yesterday this measure was entirely unnecessary The citizens have too much good sense and pa triotism to need the intimidation of an arm ed soldiery in order to .deter them from tho commission of riot and outrage. The con trary was the fact; men of every grade cheerfully acquiesced in the measures adopt ed by tho Banks, and seemed to look upon h as mo naroingcr ol a better state or things. In the Police office yesterday, there was not a sintrle comnlaintif disnnlnrUr i,l,,t o, j - V which is an extraordinary circumstance. .jjiresa, Shad. It is supposed that fifty thousand snau were laKcn in the nets on last Sunday wcuk, near oiatcn island. The Influenza Has been unusually pre valent and fatal in Kentucky. In Frank- lort several oi the oldest inhabitants and many children have died of it, There are about 325i000 free persons of coior in ine united Rtatcs of these 33,000 in the state of Pennsylvania. are All nvlmuiltin i-.r-tl.l;..l. i r , K.Mi.uoi i u i-.-uiiyiiniiiiiuni mr couuier- foitinir O "twnwii infill iu-w vyiJUUliS about (Oil (L'lvtf nnrn. CW nf tl j -ft"' w..- V. ...W .1 (lij taken. Another, well known. h imt vot Ii is stated in a New Orleans paper, that mere is not a single house ot worship in all Texos. It may with truth ho said, there is not another place under Heaven where thev aro more needed. A wag writes from New York that tho times arc so hard there that oven tho watches have "slormca!" Wc suppose that after they shall have been wound un they .will bo allowed to no on tick a while longer. Tho subscription price of a weekly news paper about half as largo as the York Gazette, printed in Vera Cruz, iu Mexico, is 635 per annum. Tlin lnninriK' nf llirt'ilnmnmvilirt t.l'.w n. - '""J i"v' .uiii.iu iii.nbi ui tho recent election in vRhodol Island was more then 2000. "Tom,"said a man to his friend, a day or two since, I think it highly dangerous to keep tho pills on hand now-a days," "Jim,"answered the other,"I find it far more difficult than dangerous." OfflCI Ot TM tL PATTlmT. ChDtlcton, May 1. i WAK ENDED. The follow in" is an extract of a lcttct received in' this city on llio 28th ulu from a lieutenant in tho army, dated Fort Dade, 13th April, and says, j "JcBsiip lias moved to Tampa Day, 6.0" miles from this. The war is ended miimcstionably. Tho In-) diatm arc coining in rapidly upwards of 1000 atl Tampa ready to embark. There aro in the nation! 1080 warriors, tho world estimated them at from: COO to 800. Thcif estimation of every thing litre, fa itt n tit lit n t irrr-w ri !ri " I'l.r- .......n.. ..... Tt-..!-1 T, x nr. nm.ri.tiuiii ni aa IUIUUI l)r.li;iUll, recently died nt his rPKiilnnnn in 1Mn!mnrJ kct. ft. II. A fihnrMimo 'nrrivinna tn ImJ .1 .1. i. !.. t....i i i , . I uu.uu, hi: wuigiiuu nvu iiunureu ana sixty pounds, lie was nearly six icct in height, and measured round the body, seven feet and ten inches! His coffin was two feet' ten inches wide, and two feet high. So' says the Boston Times. LsniL'IKUMUWtn MARRIED. I On Monday the 8th inst. by Michael Brohst, Esq. MnSAMUELHILL ofPcr ry county, to Miss CATHARINE BRO' CEUS of Northumberland county. On Thursday last,' by the Rev. Jcremi ah Shindle, Mr. SAMUEL KERSTE'IV TER, to Miss MARY BOON, all of Hem-; lock township. SHERIFFALTY. To the Electors of Columbia county ELI.OW CITIZENS: At the solicitation of a number of my friends I have been cncouraccd to ener niysclfos a Uanuiuale for tho ofhec of SHERIFF, at the ensuing General Election. If I should be so fortunate as to obtain a majority of your suffrages, I picugc inysen, so iar as my anuiucs win aumu, 10, perform the duties of the office ilh integrity anJ humanity. I'ETER KLINE. May 20, 1837. SHERIFFALTY. To the Electors of Columbia county : IELLOW CITIZENS: At the urgent solicita tions of numerous friends, I offer myself as nl candidate for the oflicc of SHERIFF. onuiiiu i ucso lonuniuc as to receive a majority oi votes, anu procure my commission, 1 pledge myfclli to execute the duties ol trie olhcc with lidclity and impartiality. ELIAS McIIENHY. May 13, 1837. Tailoring Business. A CARD. The Subscriber II a ETURNS his acknowledgments to his mime' DjQ. rous friends and customers for their past favors, and would now respectfully announce to them, that lie has received the latctt From Philadelphia, and as there are material chan-l ges, invites persons desirous of having their gar-LStarks, Leonard Roup, George Stinc.and others, con ments madein the neatest and best style, to give him .taining SEVENTY-SEVEN ACRES, more or less a call. He will endeavour to please all who favour, ( him with their patronage, by executing lus work in a neat and fashionable manner, and at the short est notice. PETER R. HEIGHMAN, Orangcwllc, May 13, 1837. W ANTED I A Jourucyinnn Tailor, Who will find constant employment. None need apply except a good workman. ALSO: AN APPRENTICE Is wanted. A lad between the age of M and 17 years, of industrious habits, who wishes to learn the Tailoring business, will find a good situation, by applying immediately to PETER R. HEIGHMAN Orangcillc, May 13, 1837. ESPECTFL'LLY informs the public that he curries on the above business in Almlinvillc, and that he keeps constantly on hand an assortment of -oe- j j AND WOOIi MATS, Which he w ill warrant of the best materials, and well manufactured. His shop is on Alain .Street; and ho will feci grateful for a share of patronage May 13, 1837. A SStftf2 TORI'S ILL bo sold, at public vendue, on Saturday the 10th day of Juno next, at the public I,nc,w,f l(l.,,r, ll,!,.,i.M. n, A!rmll' Mill in llloom township, Columbia county, the following property, viz: Tho one undivided sixth part of a Tract of Land, j Situate in said township of Rloom, adjoining landj of John lijrton, and bordering on Fishing creek late the property of John Stettlcr. Solo will commence at 10 o'clock in tho forenoon. of said day, when nttendanco will bo ghen andi terms ol salo made known, by PHILIP STETTLER, Assignee. May 13, 1837. NOTICE. All persons having claims against said Joseph' Stettlcr, are requested to present them at samo timo nml nltlpA fnl bnltlmTinnt nml nil nnramiB imlnliloil .............. j.v. ...... are solicited to be iu attendance and make prompt payment. rilli.ir blhl 1 iiliU, Awignce. May 1J, 1837. I ytHS ITEW GOODS. The Siihr.Tili' ETUKNS llin Hiniilta tn r.ln.nn . .t. vuowiiivib JU1 I11U .natronflffn wlitrh Tin lino .since he has commenced business in Bloomsburgi He hopes they will still continue their usual sup Iport; and he ltns nntv Hia nUi.ii.A c cr : .1. ' .a large and rashicnablo assortment of SEASONA Iir.T'. nnnina i .. . . uuuuu, y iiitu nave utuu carciuuy selected, i.-muracing ino latest styi ol French, English and American ' . AMONO WHICH WILE DE FOUND Cloths, Cassimcres and Satt'mellx. nf MC fcrent styles and colours; Silks; Figw ed Lawns and Jackonetts, European American Calicoes Ginghams, Vest ings, Eamask Table Cloths, Hosiery, Gloves, Bonnet Trimmings, fyc. -c. ALSO, Ladies1 Morocco, Seal, Pru nellc Shoes $ Slipped, iler.'s Shoes and Boots. TOGETHER WITH AN ASSORTMENT OF HARDWARE, IRON-, China, Glass PAI1TTSS OILS- lfffcdicines and Byc-Stiiflfe i .CEDAR-WARE, GROCERIES & LIQUORS: Ml of which will bo sold on the most reasonable tcrnis. Persons wishing to purchase, arc requested . . , f . ' , --;:-.- ,to ca ' and examme his stock of Goods, and judgo It I (O" All Kinds of country produce will bo taken in exchange for goods. C. B. FISHER: Dloomsburg, May C, 1837. "SHERIFF'S SiULES. Y virtue of sundry writs of Venditioni Emm ntu, issued out of the court of Common tileaji lot' Columbia county, and to mo directed, will be ex- posed to public sale, at tbc court-house in Danville, jon Sat unlay, ihc7th day nf May next, at 2 o'clock in I Tl O flftimnnn. Ilin fnllrtwinnr nmtunlir a . A. curiam I'ract of giaftd. Situate in Bloom township, Columbia county, ad- iniliini. Un.l. nf H'llli.i. Pl.J. T-1 f t -1. ij".'"b ...i.i." iii..i u.uiiv, uuiiii uuuuiT, JOIin ancc, Conrad Adams, & others, containing EIGH TY ACRES, more or less, whereon is erected a Log HOUSE & BARN, m .Seventy acres arc cleared land, and on the premises is an APPLE ORCHARD. Seized, t.ilcen in cic p.cution, and to lie sold as the property pf Frederick " Ranizaiid Peter Rantz, Executors of the cstato of t rcderick Rantz, dee'd, ALSO, a certain . TliACT OF IrASHD, Situate in Roaring Creek township, Columbia coun t .1 : 1 i c ti... f ' t tt..i. a 3 , wiicrcon is crcctcil one AND A LOG BARN. About forty-six ncrcs aro cleared land. Seized, taken (m execution, and to be sold as the property of Jacob' uoup. uy ISAIAH SALMON, Sheriff Sheriff's office, Danville, April 29, 1837. 5 Valuable Kcal Property PROPOSALS will be received by the subscri ber, at his residence in Esnylown, until the Fourth day of July next, for renting, for one or more years, the following property, to wit: I A Good ?arm, situate in Bloom township, about two and a half miF.'i from Rloomsburg. Also, a MERCHANT MILL, situato on said farm, together with a FALLING MILL AND FACTOR V", on the same premises. Also, a DWELLING HOUSE, mh'jm wottcsti. I, with necessary out-buildings, in Dtoomsburg, now in the occupancy of Mr. C. II. Fisher. CCT l he prclercnce will bo givon to thoso who will ' V,, "7 a, i.1 0 W "oxt' . . osscssion given on tho uio present i,ca case tho Mill will 60 put in good order, and kept so! J Espytown, April 20, 1837. JOHN BARTON. TAKE! 1TOTICS. THE Subscriber is about leaving this part of thn country. & would therefore respectfully invito those in arrears to him on subcripUon lUts, oVc, to call on or before tho 1st day of Juna next, and settle with him without further notice. JEREMIAH SHINDLE. Bloomsburg, May C, 1837. JOHN S. INGRAM, FFERS his professional services to the citizens . uiuH.iia iuuiiij . iiu Hiu aibu aiiena 10 pusiners in the several courts of this Judicial district. 01 Uolumbia county. Ho will also attend to Law ollico m the samo room with thepiintins office jof tho "Columbia Democrat.'' 3jpr dUEENSAVARE JfeA -tS.Mis si.