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SCltAPS Ot' 3VK WS.
Capital Punishment in England ln the House of Commons, on the 23d of March Lord John Russell obtained leave to bring in several bills to amend the Criminal Laws, He propose to abolish the punishment of 'death for all classes of forgery; for certain "ofTehces against the person which am now "capital; and for robbery and burglary, under certain circumstances; ah'dhe proposes other measures relative to piracy aud buriiing ships. The pitvvlous amelioration of the criminal code, he maintains, has not increas ed the number of offences. He also pro poses to make the minimum period of transportation ton 'years, and at the same tittle to make such changes in the systom of imprisonments home as shall furnish a .punishment secondary to transportation. In the"buniing of the Manual Labour 'BchoolnVFurman, South Carolina, a young ladyynamcd Goddard, from Georgetown, perished in the flames whi'dh was not ' known until her mangled corpse was found in the ruins. 'A. duel was fought at Barbadoes on the Hith of April, between Captain O'Connor, of ithe British navy, and Mr. Hicks, of Boston. ' 'Both -were severely wounded. The Cincinnati "Whig of late date says: ""Weatecredibly-informedbyan eye wit ness, that a.large catfish, weighing ninety cigbt pounds, was caught in the Ohio river a'few weeks since, about a hundred miles toelow Louisville, which being opened, was found to contain a negro child of consider able size?1 The following list comprises all the States tn which members of Congress are yet to bo chosen, Hie election In all these will take place'either within orpriorto the firstof Au ;gust, with the exception of Maryland, and Vpcrhaps Michigan, in the former of which the stated time is October. fthodo Island, Tennessee, 'Maryland, Indiana, North Carolina, Kentucky, Alabama. Michigan. Mississippi, ? SPECIE. A late arrival from Valpariso "brought $200j000 to Philadelphia; and it is rsaid that large sums more are expected t from other-sources. There are nbout'325,000frce persons of Miolor in the United States rof these, are 3)8,000 in the slate of Pennsylvania. The subscription-price of a weekly news-' Tpaper about halt as large tas the Columbia Democrat, printed in Vera Crux, in Mcxi o, is $35 .per annum. , Themajority'for the 'democratic ficket at' the recent election in Khode Island was jnore than 2000. One of'ihe most distinguished medical praclitionerrnsed to say, that he considered a fee bo necessary to give weight to an opin ion, that when he looked athis own tongue in the glass, he slipped, a guinea from one .p ocket into the other. ifl Sneezer. A young lady at a ball was seized with convulsions. Her mamma ran to her assistance. It seems that her waist having been reduced to the minimum of magnitude she was obliged to be unhooked behindbefore, she could sneeze. Dreadful Death. A woman named Mary Whitmoro, abandoned to intemper ance, threw herself out of the three story window of her residence, in Boston, and was'kiLIcd almost instantly. Her husband had locked her into the room, while he went in pursuit of a police officer, to sec if something could not bo uone to Keep ner away Irom liquor. The husband couiu have pursued a bettor course than this. No police officer cured a drunkard. In temperance is a physical infirmity, and is most successfully combatted by physical remedies. The drunkard always feels in toxication -at certain hours. The first is on rising. Ho is then languid, and without nnnctitc for breakfast. Let him then swal- iowT wine glass full of strong decoction of wormwood, inougn Diupr, u prevents an nausea and creates an appetite. By this, tho drunkard will be saved from the misera ble necessity of seeking an appetite from alcphol. When he feels the usual sinking "between "breakfast and dinner, that distress ing sonsation which inevitably assails tho drunkard, let him drink a glass of cold water, and take some cordial, stimulating food, as gingerbread, pr well seasoned soup. Any speclos of food, even a buscuit, is better than nothing, and will remove the Linking. Let jiis. drink be cold water, and nothing else. .'At no time and on no account, let him touch alcohol in any shape, whether spirits, wine, beer or cider. This regimen will cure the onoet obstinate cases, A( effectually tried, and persevered in. Tho whole theory con sists in treating intemperance as a physical, instead of a "moral infirmity, and of using food instead of alcohol, whenever the long ing ensues. The patient should bo prepa red at all times, He should always have a biscuit or some such thing in his pocket, and-also at Teach in flic night, and should not omit tho wormwW)'d before each meal. To prcpare this decoction, put some worm wood into o bottle, pour .warm water upon it, -stop it with a cork, end use from it as ocasion joquires TfcHKIfillk HtKAM JIOAT MSASTEH. A HUNDRED AND FIFTY LIVES SUPPOSED' TO BE LOST 1 A shocking stoairibbafaccidcnt occurred' on the 9th ol May, upon tho Mississippi, and it is supposed that about one hundred and fifty lives were lost. The New Or leans Boo of flic Illh'instaht cives the sub joined particulars: 1 ho steamboat Hen Shcrrod, .Captain Castlcman, left New Oxleans on Sunday morning for 'Louisville, and about one o - clock on Tuesday morning, when about 30 miles bclbw Natchez, she was louud to be enveloped in flames, and out of near 200 persons on board, only about 50 or GO were saved. The fire is believed to have origin ated from the wood used as fuel, being piled op 'hear the boiler. The story of the dis aster was related to us by a yofmg jinan Who was a cabin passenger, and it'is aw fully interesting, and his own escape almost miraculous. When he aWo'kc he put on his clothes, and leaped intotho yavl which was hanging at the stern, and was followed by about forty other men, one of whom cut the rope connecting the stern of the steam er to the bow of the yawl, and the latter calttcd over and hung in a perpendicular position, the bow towards the water. All on board were precipitated into the water, and are believed to have been drowndod, 'with the exception of the narrator, and he saved himself by clinging to the thwarts. In a few minutes about 20 of the crew made their way to the stern of the steamer, and placed themselves in the boat, suspended as she Was. One of them imprudently took out his knife and cut the rope which attach ed the steamer to the stern of the yawl, and she plunged, as might have been expected, full 20 feet under water. All that had been hanging to her were missing, except foUr and the individual who relates the story; he says when lie rose to the surface he found himself under the yawl, and she lying bot tom up. Being strong, active and expert at swimming, he worked his way from un derneath and mounted on her bottom, where he was soon joined by the four other men who had saved themselves, and in this situ ation they floated 12 miles down the river, before they were picked up by the Colum bus. Captain Castlcman, by vigorous exer tions, saved his wife and two children one of his children and his father were lost. A Mr. Smith also had the luck to save his wife and one child and we add with pain .that one of his children i missing. There was some powder on board, in what quantity wc know not but the know ledge that it was there seemed to have par alyzed the efforts of the crew and its explo sion added to the deep horrors of the scene. We arc informed that there were nine la dies on board, only two of whom were res cued. The survivors of this appalling disaster, unanimously concur in expressions of the warmest gratitude to Captain Jones of the Columbus, for his activity in picking them up, & for his kindness while on board tliis steamer. The steamboat Alton passed downwards not long after the accident oc curred, when many unfortunates were still struggling for life in the water. The sur vivors arc not quite so eloquent intheir ex pressions of gratitude to the commander of the Alton as they arc towards Capt. Jones. BREACH OF PROMISE.. The Springfield Gazette states that an action for a breach of promise of marriage was tried before the Supreme Court in that town a few days since. The plaintiff was Caroline Fuller of Ludlow and the defen dant Orren Sikcs, of Maine. It seems that some nine or ten years ago, Mr. Sikcs re sided in Ludlow, where he became attach ed to Miss Fuller, and an engagement enter ed into between them. He soon after went to Bangor to pursue his theological studies, and afterwards became a settled minister in Maine, and married another lady in 1831". The main ground of defence was, that, al although a contract was acturlly made, yet the parlies had mutually agreed to dissolve. The jury, after deliberating the whole of Wednesday night, returned avordict of one hundred dollars, as .a compensation for the disappointment of the forlorn damsel. It seems to have taken the Springfield Jury nearly a proportionate degree of time to agree on the merits of tho defendant as it did him to make up his mind on those of the fair plaintiff. COL. BENTON The St. Loins Jlrgus, of the 5di inst. contains a letter from Col. Benton, in reply to a note addressed to him by several dem ocrats of Louisville for the purpose of ascer taining whether or not ho "will accept the nomination of any thing else than a Nation al Convention of tho Democratic Party," as a candidate for tho Prosidcncyin 1840. The Colonel refers them to ids letter and toast, to the managers of tho Inauguration dinner in New Yorl;, on the 4th of March last, which, ho says, fully expresses his sentiments in relation to the next presiden tial election. Ho adds: "I am decidedly in favor of the re-election of Mr. Van Botien, supposing his ad ministration to civo satisfaction to tho re publican party (of which I havo no doubt,) J ami mai wunoui rcicrence 10 ins own incli nations, of which I know nothing, and with out regard to my personal feelings in his fa vour, which can havo no influence in a case of this kind, but wholly and entirely for public reasons, and because I believe his re election will be for the public good."- EXECUTION OF MO'RAN. The execution of James Moran, convict ed of tho murder, upon the high scasof Captain 'Thomas S. Smith, of the schooner William Wirt, took place yesterday morn ing between 1 1 jntd 12 o'clock, under tho direction 'of flic United States Marshal for the District The spot selected for the pur pose was in tho rear of Bush Hill, where Porter was'J hung a few years since. Al though the cmo had previously excited very little interest, the multitude assembled to witness" the ignominious deatli of a criminal was immftnsc. The gicat area in which the gallows was placed, was crowded with a dense mass of human beings oxtending as far as the scaffold could bo seen. Vehicles of every kind were brought into requisition, and throngs of horsemen were interspersed throughout the assemblage, which is said'to havo been nearly twico as large as that drawn together to witnesj, the fate of Porter, and no doubt the greatest congregation of people ever known in the vicinity of Phila delphia. Even the roofs .of distant build ings were covered with spectators. It was observed with regret that a large number of females were on the ground, many of them respectable in appearance, and some had even brought young children with them to gaze upon the dying agonies of the culprit! At a little before 11 o'clock, the melancho ly procession left the Cherry Hill Prison. Moran, accompanied by the Rev. Mr. Hughes and -'the Rev. Mr. Kcnrick, who administered the consolation of religion to him, walked firmly in the rear of the wagon, which contained the executioner and the coffin. The U. S. Marines marched in front, with tho carriage containing the Mar shal and other gentlemen, and the whole was brought up by the mounted marshals, and the posse comlldlus summoned for the occasion. On the scaffold, Moran presented the same composed but becoming demeanor for which he had been remarkable from the commencement of the trial. He seemed engrossed with his religious exercises, giv ing the responses in a firm, distinct voice, and never cast a glance upon the multitude, or seemed conscious of their presence. Ho ascended the steps steadily, and not the slightest tremor, was manifest. The neces sary preparations being completed, he bade adieu to those by whom he was surrounded, and in answer fo.a whispered inquiry, re plied in clear,, audible tones, "Yes all ready," wheri,.wjulp-he rapidly and ferven tly lepeatfc'dWjpraycr for mercy upon his soul, the fatahtrrtp fell j and he was launched into ejernityli The struggles of the unhap py youth weremtfeh more violent and pro tracted than is usual on such occasions,' and for some time .after he fell, the convul sive heaving-of therchest, and motion of the limbs, showed that vitality slowly left the frame, After, hanging the usual time, the body was cut down, and conveyed to the place of interment. If any thing had.bccn wanting to convince us of the good sense of the Legislature, in providing that the sentence of death for crimes against tho commonwealth of Penn sylvania should be privately executed, the scenes of yesterday at Bush Hill were enough, and mbre. than enough, to satisfy us of the wisdom of their conduct. From first to last, .the, Jichavior of the multitude was of the most tumultuous and disgrace ful kind. Long .before the prisoner came upon the ground, the police force stationed to preserve a clear space around the gallows, were almost exhausted with their continued efforts to repress tumult and keep back tho crowd; while many of the people, by their shouts of derisionyelling and laughter, ap peared to view the wholo matter as nothing more than food for mirth.' After the cor tege had arrived, and the unhappy Moran was just trembling on the verge of eternity, the riot and tumult becamo still worse. The clamor was deafening! and although the Mar shal, aided by the military force, the police and tho citizens whose services wore in re quisition, did all that could bo done to pre serve order, yet die mob seemed determined to bid defiance to.any thing like restraint and by their immense weight almost bore down every thing before them, fighting, quarrelling aid .shouting in the most outra geous manner. After tho body of tho cul prit was taken dowri and the procession was forming to return, a scramble for pieces of the fatal rope ensued, which drew loud hisses and yells from the bystanders; and beforo the officers were fifty yards from the spot, the gallo wa and scaffolding were overthrown, probably to furnish relics like the rope. Nor was disorderly disposition manifest ed only on tho execution ground. The body of Moran, being- placed in a coffin, was carried in a car to the place of interment, accompanied by officers. On the road, the horse fell, and was disabled; but, as the dis tance was short,.tho car was then drawn by men. A part of the mob followed, pelting them with missiles of every kind, and in this way, at tho risk of tho men's lives, tho corpse was convoyed to the grave yard. Tho Marines marched back to Cherry Hill guarding the executioner, whoso face was craped, and who was otherwise disguis ed, but who performed his revolting office with perfect propriety and demeanor. A mob, however, pursued, and assailed the Marines with brickbats and Btones. Ono of the soldiers was so-much imrt as to boin capablo of proceeding, when the command ing officer brought the company to a halt, and ordered his men to load their muskets, which being done, tho rioters were slrnifi- cantlygivonto Understand that further outrage would bo punished on the spot, and the as sault ccvcA,--Phjladclj)h.ia. paper, E3t THE COLUJffilA DEMOCRAT. , "TIIUTII WITHOUT FEABi -Saturday, .u it, 18&7 BO0 We hold the communication of "A Republican" under advisement-. He will know the cause by having a personal in terview .with the editor. THE CONVENTION In our notices of the proceedings of this body-wc have hcrctofoie endeavored to bias our prejudices, and give tho most favorable detail of their opcrationsi Wo done this as an incentive to tho promotion of public good; and wc can only now regret that all our hopes have melted into disappointment and mortification. Tho opposition have the ascendancy; and they have bound them selves hand and foot to the car of the great Moneyed Moloch, determined to resist any compromise, and to oppose any amend ments, which may add to the liberty and happiness of the people. The hydra-headed Mammoth, who has so frequently usurp ed other powers than those granted by con gress, when a National concern, seems de termined on preserving the profitable digni' ty of those haughty aristocrats and con temptible shavers, who glory in the distress and thraldom of the people and a majori ty of the convention arc the conservative' instruments to promote its heartless designs Wc can only rejoice in the known fact, that although they have a majority in the con vention, they arc vastly in the minority a mongst the free voters of Pennsylvania. Time will yet effect tho rcquisito altera tions; and wc feel satisfied that Tin: Peo ple will call conventions, (without legisla tive aid,) until they can get their wishes granted and their ends accomplished. We can hope no longer for any good from that quarter; and with a majority large enough to take all power in our oWh hands, wc are prepared to think, speak, and ACT, in conformity with our sentiments. C?Our fields of grain and fruit trees have been much improved by the late re freshing rains; and although wo cannot ex pect very heavy crops, yet they will be reasonably good, judging from present ap pearances. The weather is extremely fa vorable at present to all kinds of vegetation. WAR. It is currently reported that Mex ico has declared War against the United States; and that England has expressed a determination to lake a part with tlidn. Premiums. Gold commands from 9 to 12 per cent, premium in Philadelphia, and Silver from 5 to 8. Five franc pieces sell readily for $1. These are "Benton's Mint Drops;" and so long as they arc worth from 10 to 15 cents in tho dollar more than "Biddlc's Rags," wc arc happy to know that wo advocated a metallic currency. They are always par; and they will remain so, after all Bank notes become obnoxious to tho wholo community. In real value, a silver dollar is worth more than $1 in Bank notes. gCBickncll announces in his last Re porter "he will not for the future buy or sell any description of Gold, Silver, or Stocks, because his engagements in tho bank note business -ore sufficient to occupy the whole time athis disposal." He sets down the Pennsylvania Banks at the following rates of discount; Chainbcrsburg and Gettysburg 3 nr. ct Pittsbunr. o 3 Towanda, Erie, &, other western Banks Honesdalc, York Bank, Columbia Bridge, Harrisburg, Partners' Bank of Lancaster, Other Country Banks, 10 15 3f a 4 3 3 1 a 1J 1 a I 1 a b I a 1 ICJA breach occurred in the Canal be tween this place and Berwick on Saturday last, which has since been repaired! and the navigation is again in good order. " About ten days since, a boat containing merchandize for Mr, Hollonback, of Wilkes barre, was carried over tho Nanticoke dam, and synk. Damago estimated at 1500. This heavy loss, we understand, falls upon the captain of the boat, THE NEXT 'GOVERNOR. Thb following 'cdmm.unicution comes fromiono whoih 'Wb'dould nbl deny the fa vour bfpublicaiioh; and while wo acknow ledge the correct principles of the author, which well comport witli his signature, wo feci induced to express our entire satisfac tion in the sterling worth, qualifications and claims of Doct. Roily. Ho is tho industrious, temperate and open-hearted kind of a gentleman whoso enemies are "fcV and far between," and against whom calumny could havo no influence. His re cent election to Congress from tho district composed of the counties of Dauphin and Lebanon, is positive proof of his personal popularity; and from an acquaintance of many years, wo apprehend that for estima ble private character and unwavering polit ical principles, he wbuld cast many in tho shade whose names have already been in troduced to the public for this dignified sta tion. We arc confident that Dr. Roily is not aware of the determination manifested in the subjoined communication; and wd cannot say how the introduction of his name may operate upon his feelings; but we'arc equally, certain, that amongst the" corps editorial Who know hint) his' claims and qualifications will receive merited and prominent notice. Wc have no particular1 predilection; and wc only give his name as "one among many" whom wc would wish honored by a nomination, at tho coming, or some subsequent, Democratic Fourth of March convention! For Uic Columbia Ddmocral; Mr. Ingram--! perceive that the public1 mind is beginning to waken up to the ques tion of who shall be the candidate of thd Democratic party for Governor at tho next election? I am glad to sec attention direct ed to litis subject so early; for in these timed of misrule in the State administration, and of necessity, if evor such necessity existedi for union and energy in tho ranks of the democratic party, the work buglit to bo be gun in tunc that it may be made effective whcfl the victory is to be won. I am glad to see tho distinguished men of our party brought before the public and their merits canvassed, so that when wc come to nomi nate one of them for tho executive office of this great commonwealth, wo may follow tho preference of the people, and hi this manner unite their wholo utrcngth upon him at the polls. With this view I would add Dr. LutiieiI RuileV, of Harrisburg, to the list already made Up of candidates for nomination to that exalted office. Dr. Rci lcy is one of the old and well tried demo crats of Pennsylvania; a gentleman of cnga ing and popular manners. He roso from poverty to a high rank in his profession at tho seat of Government, by his native ener gy of character, superior talents and uni form regard for the feelings and interests of the general mass of the people. Ho pays no respect to grades or classes in society. He was elected last fall to a seat in tho con gress which is next to assemble, from a strong Antimasonic district; and being well known and highly respected in tho wholo interior of the state would command a sup port there almost general. For intelligence, integrity and popularity he is unexception able, and well worthy the consideration of the democratic party in making u selection of its candidate for Governor. A DEMOCRAT. Small Notes The injustice of prohib iting by law all Banks from issuing notes of denominations less than five dollars, when otlior corporations are permitted to inflict these rags upon us, only bears analogy with the granting of licenses to keep public hou ses of entertainment, and at the same times depriving the landlord of a lesal remodv in the collection of his accounts. For in stance, the now Bank about being put in operation at Williamsport pays a bonus to1 the state of 10,000 for its charter; and while the fine prescribed by the act of as sembly would bo exacted were it to issuo small bills, yet an unauthorized corporation can infringe upon the law unheeded and without evident censure from any source. And so it is with landlords. They pay $10 per annum for tho privilege of selling liquor; and yet should they trust a custo mer, and sue him for the account, they would be mulcted in double costs for their liberality. Thcro is no reason in such in-" justice. IC7T. W. Dyott advertises that all bilh of his "Manual Labor Bank" vndei thd denomination of one dollar, are redeema ble in silveh, when presented in sums not exceeding ono dollar. How monstrous clever! What will people do with his notes of a higher denomination? Will they btf entitled, to a fragment of tho 8500,000 mort gage? Messrs. HayhursiTSmith, Harris, and M oodward will accept our thanks for their regular transmission of Convention proceeding.