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M1HB1T "I have sworn tipon the Altar of Cod, eternal hostility to every form of Tyranny oVcr the flllnd of Man." PRINTED AND PUBLISHED ItY JOIIN S. INGRAM-. ElIOOMSI5Uii&, fcOlAJMBMA COUNTY, PA 'SATURDAY, JVIut 1, 1831. Number 10. THE WIFE'S APPEAL. Leave, leave untouched that brimming bo'ivl, There's Death within its beauty: Cast o(T, my love, llio fiend's control, 4 That wins llico from thy 'duly; Thy brow is not bo fair as when , Young Iiovo thou brcalh'nt in Badricss; 'Twas beauteous in its manhood tlicn, But now it droops in Badness. And why! I'm sure this willing tircart, Thy care's dread weight will pillow Will still, in deep and luting rctt, Thy woes' heart-rending i)illow, ., "Thine eye, too, fades and loses light,. 'Neath dark distress ond sorrow; But sure, love, sure, it must grow bright Again in Fortune's morrow. Oh! I remember well the hour,. When Joy had scattered roses Along our path, and Envy's power Slept safe where wrong reposes When thou did'st swear, 'laid every change, No tics of lovo to fcmt That come, what would, from mo estrangd Affection's, bliss Oh, nbvctl Why, look on me! I'd smilo if wealth . Had all our paths forsaken: Did I but know, Contentment's health Could not be marred nor shaken. For see, but now, I kiss thy brow, ' While Fortuno'u favors vanish! As fond as when her gaudy how Hung out thy Care to lanish. Set! there lies one whocb angel rest Is guileless dnd unbroken: 6'naii wo, hu have his Youth carcet, Give him, in Agoj a token That he may know his father sunk Before Misfortune's powcrl t . That hcjnayknow, a draught he drunk) Corroding Life's liribf hourl Oh, no wo'll strive to sweeten here Our cup orworldly Pleasure; And when wo seek a home more dear, Wo'll find n heavenly treasure. The wings of Peace bhall spread a calm O'er life's tempestuous ocean Where all may use its healing balm, And live in sweet devotion. fans Ei5i5PHiB!2!ia'2,o THE RIGHTS OF MAN. Man has rights by nature. The disposi tion of some to deride abstract rights, as if all rights were uncertain, mutable and Conceded by society, showsalamcntablo ignorance of human uature. Whoever understands this must see in it ail immoveable foundation of rights. There afd gifts of the Creator, bound up indissOlubly with our moral Con- btitution. In thd order of things, the' pre cede society, lie at its foundation, constitute man's capacity for it, and nrd the great ob iect of social- institution. The conscious ness of rights is not a creation of hunian art, ti conventional sentiment, hut essential to and inseparable frOm thd human soul. Man's rights belong to him as a moral being, as capable of perceiving moral dis linctioas, as a subjdet of moral obligation. As soon as he becomes conscious of duty, a kindred consciousness springs up that he has a right to do what the sense of duty enjoins, and that no foreign will or power tan obstruct his moral notion without crime He feels that the sense of duty was given to him as a law, that it makes him r'espousi bio for himself, that to exercise, unfold, and obey it is the dnd of his being, and that ho has a right to exercise and obey it without hindranco or opposition. A consciousness bf dignity, hdwever obscilre, belongs also lb this divine principle; atld though he may want Words to do justice to his thoughts, he feels thai he has that within him which makes him essentially equal to all around him. The sense of duty is tho fountain of hu man rights. In other words, tho samo in ward principlo, which teaches the former, bears witness to thd latter. Duties and rights must stand or fall together. It has ben too common to oppose them td ond another ; but they were indissolubly joined together. That Samo inward principle wincli tcacnes a man what lie 13 bound to do to others, teaches cquajly, and ht the samo instant) what others uro bound to do to him. That same voice which forbids him to injuro a singlo fellow crca turo, forbids every fellow creature to do him harm. His conscience in roveallng the moral law, doso not reveal a law for himself, only, but speaks as a""universal legislator. Ho has an intuitivo convictj'on, that tho obliga- lions of this divine code press on othors as truly as oh himself. That principle, which teaches him that he sustains the relation of brotherhood to all human beings, teaches lain that his relation is reciprocal, that it "gives indestructible daims, as well afc impos es fiolcmn duties, and that what he owes to the members of this vast family, they owe to him in rcturm Zote of Liberty in England. Tho A- vncrican people have been flattered with a notion that. -we are the only free people on earth the only men who love free princi ples und the rights of man. President Humphrey, of Amherst College, a true American, and a competent witness, gives his testimony-as follows: "In all that constitutes thC'borts and sin ews of national greatness in physicial and mfintal energy in persevering and produc tive industry in wealth and science, and the useful arts in all these Great-Britain stands, if not without a rival, at least with out a superior, in the wide world. Beyond all question, we Americans, like most other young people, expect one day to carry olf the palm from our sires. Should that day over come, and it may possibly arrive sooner than our trans-Atlantic Germans dream of, it will become us to wear our honors meek ly ; and, in the meanwhile, one would sup pose, that family prid", as well as higher considerations, should prompt us to do full justice to the English character. "That the English have their full share of natural courage, and of corporeal sla minai to silstain and make it cflcctivc, any other nation may lCarn if it chooses, by mee ting them hand to hand, cither with the bayonet, or the grappling irorisi As their quarrels with us were family matters, I shall say nothing about them ; but passing over those, who, With an erjtial force, cvdr vanquished them, cither bn the land or on tho sea? Who else but the British, after be ing mown and cloven down, all day, by the French tu'tillery and ciiirassicrS) would have been in a condition, when the Prus sians came up, to gain the battle of AVater loo? What they arc in brigades and bat talions, and on tho guii-dcckj they are also in the ring, and wherever you meet them iiota .qilarrclsomc people, but always rea dy to fight when their rights arc" invaded, or their courage-is Called in question. What deteriorating changes may betide them we knotV not. Luxury may enervate them, as it did the descendants of the Gracchi and Scipios, and then they may tamely bow their necks to any yoke. And it might be too much to sliy that, while they retain their present national aild individual courage, it would be absolutely impossible to subdue thein ; but it Vould cost infinitdly more than thd cdn; qudst would be worth; and, after all, their spirits would Hot he crushed, however furi ously tho conqueror might drive his triumph al car over their prostrate bodies They would contrive, in one way or another, to hough his horses in tho very moment of be ing trodden down; and I have no doubt would sustain thcmsqlves tinder this greatest of all calamities, with a fortitude which has never been surpassed. Such is their na tional character. Their enemies might call it sulkiness, or more brute obstinacy, as Napoleon is reported to have said, at Wa terloo : "Theso English don't know when thdy are beat;" but these ard clentents, with which it is dangerous for tyrants t6 meddid. "This leads mo to remark, what indeed is included in the sketch just given, that tho lovd of liberty is as strong and unconquera ble in England as it is in the United States. Tho history of that country for ages past, no less than its present condition, indubita bly proves that tho people are prepared to defend their liberties at all hazards. Any encroachment on the part of tho crown would bd met with a resolution which would shako thd towers and battlement of Windsor Cas tle to their dddp foundation. Wo are apt to suppose that because our government is a democracy, and that of Great-Britain is an. hereditary monarchy, tho spirit of freedom cannot be so unfettered and indomitablo there as herei It would cost as much to drive out the British House of commons, and establish an arbitrary government over that country, as it would to shut up both Houses of the American Congress, and bring the people of this country to the feet of a despot. The English nation would fight as long and as manfully in defence of liberty as we should. It would require more, than the twenty-seven thousand cannon- in Woolwich Arsenal to baiter down tho munitions of Magna Charla. A bold usurper must he be, who, in cither country, should attempt lo enslave the people, and sadly must they degenerate from the sturdy independence ot their lathers before it would be possible for him to succeed." k BOYHOOD. Those days of boyhood's sportive glee, Ah! whither have they sped! Whch, as.lhc warbling wood bird free We drank of joys now fled, And floated v.ith the floating hours, Along Time's rippling tide, And sported with the fragrant flowers That grew on every sidct . Ah! whcVo ore how those Wight young dreams, Winch then illumed our wayl Where now docs Hope pour forth her beams, With calm enlivening ray; Which then diffused its grateful light, Seen in tho distance far, As oft at evenirtg ttrikes the sight Some pure and matchless star! Ah! how the glad remembrance turns Back on those scenes so fair; How fancy's fire enkindling burns And sheds its radiance there! How bright those pictures of our bliss, Their varied hues display; - How changed from those v hich jjarken this, Our lone and cheerless dnyl O that wc might, as then, now glide Life's gentle stream along, As then, might o'er its bosom rido Mid pleasure's playful throng: Nor ever reach those stormy seas Of darkest depths profound. When wild winds chate the gentle brcczci, And tempests blacken round. Iii the February number of tlc Southern Literary Messenger, among other excellent articles, is a most sensible urtd just review of Professor Dew's late Inaugural Address as President of William and Mary College Nothing can be more true than the follow ing remarks upon the misdirected talents of Virginia young men: "Among the greatest evils that has ever afflicted this commonwealth, is the morbid desire of her sons for political -distinction It has been the bane of the republic; destroy ing every thing hko uselul enterprise 111 Virginia) and banishing from tbCir homes thousands of our citizens to find preferment among the people of the other States or from the patronage of the Federal government No sooner do our voung men leave their seminaries of learning, than deeming them selves politicians and statesmen ready made according lo tho philosophy of the best schools, thdy rush with ardor into the political arcria. Disappointed in their am bitious aspirations, with their tastes depra ved! and having lost all capacity for useful employment, they become reckless and abandoned ; or falling in with a dominant party, they sacrifice all independence of character, and stoop to the lowest acts of tho dbmagogite, hoping to creep to that eminence to which they had vainly attempted to soar. Nor is this passion for political life confined to tho educated portion of pur people Tru ly has President Dow said, "our whole state is. a political nursery." It swarms with politicians of every ago and hue and size. But unfortunately, for one statesman Wd have a hundred demagogues. Next lo a standing army in the time of peace, a class of professed politicians) sot apart expressly for the business of public lifeis most dan gerous to the liberties of a free state. Such men must necessarily bo the Swiss guards of party. . Considering politics as their vo cation, they must needs seek for employ ment. If they fail to find it in tho indepen dent discharge of their duty as representa tives of tho people, they must seek it in mdan compliances with the imperious man dates of party leaders, or in a course of de grading servility and sycophancy to tho dis pensers of federal patronage Let us do nothing to mcrcaso this numerous swarm of hungry politicians. What wo need in Virginia, is a class of educated country gentlemen, well instructed, not only in mo ral and political philosophy, but in polite literature-, that most ancient, honorable and independent of all pursuits. Such persons would be qualified at once to discharge well the duties of citizens and of statesmen; and like one of the celebrated of the ancient Romans-, could step from their ploughs to one of tho most important offices of the state, without elevating their own dignity, or degrading the high station to which they might be called." BEAUTIFUL EXTRACT. From an address by Gov. Everett, of Massachusetts, on the importance of the young men of this country cultivating their higher powers: " 1 hus iar, the relative position of Eng- land and the United States has been such that our prdportional contribution to the common literature was naturally a small one. Ehgland by her great sunerioritv in " j 1 j wealth and population, was of course the head quarters of science and learning. All this is rapidly changing. You aro already touching the point when your wealth and population Will equal those of England riie superior rapidity of your progress will at no distant- period give you the ascenden cy. It will then belong td your position, to take the lead in the arts dud letters, as in policy, and to give the tone to the literature of the Language. Let it be your care and study, not to show yourself unequal to this high calling to vindicate the honor tjf the new World in this generous and friendly competition witn tno old; you will per haps bd tdld that literary pursuits will dis qualify you for the active business of life Heed ndt, gentlemen, the idle assertion Reject it as a mere imagination inconsis tent with principle, unsupported by experi ence; Point out to those who make it, the illustrious characters who have reaped every age the highest honors of studious and active exertion. Show them Demos thenes forging by the light of the midnight lamp, those thunderbolts of eloquence which Shook thd arsenal and fulmined over Greece To Maccdon and Artaxcrxcs' throne. Ask then if Cicero would have been hailed with rapture as the father of his country if he had not been its pride and pattern in philosophy and letters. Inquire whether Caisar, or Frederick, or Buonaparte, or Wcl lington, or Washington, fought thd Worse because they knew how to write their own commentaries. Remind them Of Franklin, tearing at the same time the lightnings from heaven, and the sceptre from tha hands of the oppressor. Do they say to yoit that stus dy will lead you to scepticism? Recall to their memory, the venerable names of Bacon, Milton, Newton, Locke. Would they per suade you that devotion to learning will withdraw your steps from tho path of pleas ure? Tell them they arc mistaken! Tell them that the only true pleasures aro those. which result from the diligent exercise of all tho faculties of body and mind, and heart, in pursuit of noble ends by noble means. Repeat to them the ancient apologue of the youthful Hercules in the pride of strength and beauty, giving up his generous soul to tho worship of virtue. Tell them with the illustrious Roman orator, you had rather be in the wrong, with Plato, than in tho right with Epicurus. Tell them that a mother in Sparta would rather have seen hor son brought hoind a cdrpsd upon his shield than dishonored by its loss. Tell them that your mother is America, your battle the warfare of life, your shield the breastplate of Religion." Jl Comparison. 'Jack,' saidagayyoung fellow to his companion, "what possibly can induce tbdse two old snu fl takirig dow agers to be here to night at the ball? I am sure they will not add in the least to the brilliancy of tho scene," "Pardon me," replied the other gravely, 'for not agreeing with you, but for my part I really think that where there are so many lights of beauty, there may bo some occa sion for a pair of snutfert" THE DISSOLUTION. The heavens shall pass away with a great noise. Although studded with ten thousand brilliant gems, it will be rolled up like a parchment scroll; its lofty swelling arch will break down and all its light be quenched forever. The elements sliall melt with fervent heat. The principles of fire pervade the universe, and when the Almighty gives the wordj they will no longer be confined to some insulated mountain; they will meet the eyes in grandeur terrible and overwhelm ing from every quarter of the horizon. The drops of the morning dew will no longer fall in refreshing shovvcrs Upon the earth; in their stead will descend the floods of iquid flame's to nourish the fires of the last conflagration. The whole earth will form one grand scene of ruin The attraction of particles, the forces of repulsion and gravita-: tion will be suddenly destroyed. The tow- ' ering mountains, whose summits frosted with eternal snow3 and veiled with misty cloudsj these landmarks of time which have breasted the storms 6f ages, will totter on their babis, and mingle in the general ruin. The beauties of nature will then be blast ed Seasons will revolve rto more. The wodds and 'groves shali no longer be vocal with the warbling of the feathered song sters. Disrobed of all its charms, this beautiful world will become the sport of raving elements, and fall in the mighty conflict. 'fhe earth and all there in sliall be burned up All the works of art, the utmost efforts of human industry, stupendous fortresses, lordly edifices; the proud mausoleum, tri umphal arches, towering, pyramids, monu; mental pillars, the statues of warriors and statesmen all that is Engaging to worldly minded men, shall fall from the earth. When all these shall bd dissolved, the trumpdt of the Gospel will ilo mdre be heard in Zion, her earthly mountain will be for saken, her altars thrown down, her temples, destroyed. Judah's fountain will be scaled up, and the river of life cease to flow for the healing of the nations. John Wesley having to travel some dis tance in a stage coach, fell in with a pleas ant tempered) cheerful, well informed officer. His conversation was sprightly and enter taining, btit frequently mingled with oaths. When they were about to take the next stage, Mr. Wesley took the officer apart, and after'exprdssing the pleasure ho had en joyed in his company, told him ho was thereby encouraged to ask of him a vdry great favor. I would take a pleasure in obliging you, said the officer, and I am sure you will not make an unreasonable request. Then says Mr. Wresley, as wc have to travel together for some time, I beg that if I should so far forget myself as to swear in your company, you will kindly reprovo me. The officer immediately saw the motive, and felt the force of the request, and smil ing, said none but Mr. Wesley could have conveyed a reproof in such a manner. Lorenzo Bow. This man was an oddity of the oddest kindi The best anecdote of him is, that being at a hotel in Delhi, New York, ono evening, which was kept by ono Bush, and the place beirig the resldoncc of the celebrated General Root, ho was im portuned by the General, in tho presence of the landlord, to describo Heaven. "You say a great deal about that place," said the General, "tell us how it looks." Lorenzo turned his grave face, and flowing beard, towards Messrs. Root and Bush, and replied with impertuable gravity, 'Heaven, friends, is a vast extent of smooth territory;' there is not a Hoot nor Jlushin it, andtherd never will bei' The Hair. A modern writer has dis covered that the human hair is a vegotablo. He docs not say how itshould be cooked. "If that be tho law," said Lord Clare to Curran, "I may burn my books." "Better read them, my Lord," replied Currau.