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lite stockholders direct & effectual restrain'
the issue of notes to an equal proportion to that capital actually paid in proliibit the issue of notes of a less dcnomlrSulion than B20, and cvXmlually a large amount limit the nmoent of capital and ihthiumbor'of banks in the state, and weslndl ve'rv speed ily reduce the credit system to a sound prac ticial standard annih'ilnte Wild speculations forever prevent the suspension of specie payments, ami lay a sdlid foundation for a bliler ivrrency, by getting -rid. in a f ew yean, of the whole system itself. This is the basis on which future legislation must -proceed, w restore gold andTiilvcr expel small 'hotos, and bring the banking system within the teach of the people. The first step, Fellow-Citizens, is to elect such members to the legislature, as will honestly and faithfully tfdhertj to these principles, Elect Mo 'man, Avho will not f ledgefciinsclfto Carry them into full effect. Do not deceived by the hypocritical-professions of Gov. Ititncr and His friends, of attachment to the same principles. Will any rational man believe, that he and they, the Stipple instruments of the banking sys tem, arc in favor of imposing upon it salu tary restraints, & touching it with the firm -and fearless hand of reform? Will any man, in his senses, believe that Governor Ritner, who proved, by "assenting to the charter the United 'States Bank his igno rance of'the nature of ourbanking system will no"w abandon his ground, and either recommend or sanction measures that will aim the keenest sarcasm at his own mad and ruinous policy! Does any man sup pose, that the party who support Gov. Itit ncr, who havcat all times, ridiculed and condemned every measure of President -Jackson upon this subject will now be come converts to these measures, relinquish irot only opposition, but their means of sub- sistencc, and become at once "hard money" advocates! The supposition is too ridicu lous for refutation, come from what quarter it may. That Cbngrtss can do little to alleviate our present condilion, is apparent not only from the fact that the causes' we have men tioned had not their origin with the nation- al government, but from tho adnlission of conspicuous advocates of the banking sys tem themselvC3 thafsuchls the case. Some time ago, Mr.Biddlc in alerter to the Hon. J. Q. Adams, stated that if the specie cir cular was repealed, the derangement of the currency would be corrected in twenty-four hours. Since that limn Mr. Adams has ad' uresseil a letter to Ins constituents, in wlttcn lit: U13HUIU3 mini ;vii-. liiuuiu a upiuiuu en tirely, and dttHbutcs to the same causes, very neatly that we have done the disorders in the currency and Gov. Hamilton of South Carolina, also a distinguished advo cate of The Bank of the United States, in a letter addressed to Mr. Biddle himself, takes the same view of the subject! Thus has the whole argument been conceded to us "and the truth reluctantly admitted, that this remedy does not properly "belong to the national government.-' But whatever aid can be afforded in the great work, by tho national administration, will doubtless be cheerfully accorded, Prest. Van Burcn stands pledged to carry into practical effect, the great measnros of reform, recommended by President Jackson and we have do dou bt he will faithfully and honestly redeem that pledge. His rectitude of purpose, his uncompromising democratic principles- and his firmness of character, all give assu Tancc, that tho political " mantle of Gen. Jackson, has fallen on his successor". To thp national administraiion then, we may safely commit every duly that devolves on it, to perform. In our own State Legislature, therefore, will "be found the only efficient power to 'provide a remedy for the present, and prc vcnfives against future disorders in the cur rency, and finances of the country. From the party in power, whoso measures have ten ded to produce them, we can expect noth ing but fair promises, and ceaseless opposi tion. If any thing useful is to bo expected, it must bo by the union and concert of all tho honest and enlightened friends of practi cal -reform, On an occasion like this, all such men should, and wo trust will, rise above the shackles of party and a-t in obe dience to the dictates of patriotism alono. The present banking system is grossly de fective, admitted tobo so by almost every man who expresses an opinion. Then why not bend all our energy to its reform? Let every man fio n this day forward, resolve to do Ins duty, and abide firmly by that resolu tion, come What -will, Every one of you, Fellow Citizens, ii immediately interested in this content None are so high as to rise above its influ ences, none so humble as to fall below them. Farmers, mechanics, tradesmen, merchants, and manufacturers, one and all, you have a deep stake in the issue. The currency of tlic country, the standard of the value of every man's property and labor, when it is liable to fluctuation, renders tho value of both not only uncertun and insecure at homo, but exDOscs, rwticularly tho latter, to rivalry and competition from abroad. It will render the wisest protective tariff whol ly inoperative, and cause merchants, me chanics, and manufacturers, to be undersold and ruined by foreign importations, in spite or the law. uur own History nu ujbu ence, attest the fact. Behold the consequences in our present prostrated and distracted condition behold them in thousands of failures cramped rnd rinnleu businsss abandoned public im- fu-avoraents industrious meu without em. ployment; & thtdr families without bread. Reflect upon these things and determine to correct them.- 'Act while there is lime." It nfay he too late to "retrieve your 'losses in another year. Join shoulder to shoulder; tfith tho men who will "pledge themselves to secure your rights, and your interests. There are but two parties in this conflict thoso vho will correct, and those who will perpetuate the evils you endure. Choose ye between them. Again wo exhort you to not deceived. Professions ate easily made, and as easily disregarded. Trust those men only, whose principles and con duct will justify the fullest reliance on the rectitude of their course. At a crisis like the present, when the finances pi thecoun try arc broken up, and our credit system is shivered into atoms, wifl you trustthe inch now hbldili'g power in Pennsylvania, to reform it, Who more than all others, contri buted to bring'it into this deplorable condi tion who have thrown into circulation 'niillions of paper money, expelled tho gold and siTvct, & denounced hard money, as the visionary currencj of fools and dema gogues! Go to the polls tlien,'not as partisans, but as Artieritans, and perform your "duty by supporting the best interests of your coun try your fellow citizens, and yourselves. Let your watchwords be refoiiSi or Tim ndTTEN BANKING sVsTF.JiI, and IMMEDIATE ftESTJMPtlON OF SPECIE PAVMENTS. With this motto inscribed on your banner, all ho nest men will tally round it and a triumph far more glorious, than the victories of Sar atoga, Ycitktown, and New Orleans, awaits you, over the embattled advocates of rag money, shaving, speculation, and corrup tion. SETH SALISBURY, 'JAM KS CLARKE, GEORGE M. KEIM, HENRY SHEETS, I) WID AL FARRELLEY, HENRY C, EYKR, EM DILLON, JOHN M. EBEftMAN, AI1BA1I AH K. WRIGHT, Harri3burg, July 7,1837 The Washington Globe states that the po3t offices established during the year en ding June 30th, 1830, were 000, discon tinuances 315, making a nett increase of 321. During the year ending June 30th, 1837, the olhccs established were 950, the discontinuances 280, making a nett increase of 070. The number of Post Offices in the United States on the 1st. inst. was 11,7 07. The changes of postmasters in the form er year were 1,844, and in the latter 2,235. 1 he appointments ol postmasters in the former, including new offices were 2,510; in the latter 3,l'0l, at the rate of more than ten each day, Sundays excepted. TEXAS VOLUNTEERS. The heirs of Texas Volunteers who fell at Goliad and Refugio, in 1835-30, are entitled to the following: For a Married Man One Leaguo and Labor 4021 acres. By decree 010 Bounty 320 5581 For a Single Man. Head Right By decree Bounty 1470 acres. 100 820 2250 John Randolph's Will, of which the recent decision in Virginia has established the validity, is marked arid illustrious by this noble devise: "I cive and bequeath to all my slaves their freedom, heartily regret- tincthat I have ever been the owner ol one." An adequate provision is addeil for settling them in some portion of the U. States. A crying shame A western paper as serts "that there arc in the city of New lorlt, seventy-thousand unmarried loma les." Surely the Matrimonial Dank has not broken, and refused to take up its notes? Perhaps the fault rests with the clergymen, who probably insist on having specie for their services. If this be the case, they had better take what they can get, rather than suffer so many thousand maidens to stand with tears in their eyes, sighing tor their spouses. Such a state ot things cannot ex- st long, government must speeuiiyauopt some remedy, or then will be insurrection. One half the girls arc already pouting their pretty lips, and looking treason, a breath would quickly fan the sparks into a flame, Congress will' if required, undoubtedly pass the following bill, which would set matters al rest. "A Bill providing for the relief of 70,000 spinsters of the city of New York, and other purposes." lie it enacted, fyc. That on and after the date of tho passace of this bill, all clergymen are hereby required to marry, and duly fas ten in the bonds of Hymen, without fee or charge, any maiden or maidens ol said city who may make application therefor, fcc. No representative would be base onough to opposo its passage, as if the bill should be lost, what would these seventy thousand poor maidens do. lleigho. Excellent. -The Portlaudcr gives as the height of impudence, asking an editor to puffyou in his paper, while you carry your advertisement to another paper. By taking revengo a man is but even with his enemy, but in passing it over he is superior. GENERAL JACKSON. We have iust finished tho perusal of. the letter written by tho eX;President , to tho editor of the 'Nashvlllo'Unioh,' being a refutation of the charges preferred against him, by Hugh L. White, now 'a meihbcr of the Senate, and late a candidate lor the Presidential .-hair. Judge White, atone time was a confidential friend of General Jackson. He was admitted to thany ol those treasured secrets, a-part of which eve crv man rmssesscs. But. bv some circum stance, this connection was interrupted; and the whole tenor of feeling hetween the two reversed. That Judge White did, and that General Jackson, did not, abuse this recip rocity of sentiment, late events have fully proven At the great Wise and Peyton in vestigating Committee, the Judge, by writ ten declaration 'stated'that he might be com pelled to'bre'ak upon that 'conliuencc, and divulge some matters which might prove nnnleasantto the then incumbent. An ah1- flwer to this, exonerating the Jlidgo from all responsibility, and permuting nun to give unlimited stretch to his penth'dnt for devclopcnient, was immediately returned by the (.Tcncral. this paper, nowever, relates more exclusively to that intermed dling spirit, which John "Bell and his fac tion, backed Tjy the operations ot White, delighted to ring in the fears 'of their bull dog partizans. Why, Boll never made a speech without interlacing it With a treatise upon executive patronage. We advise him, hereafter, to refer to 'the triumphant vindica tion, which, above the signature of the in jured Jackson, has crushed the frail sup port upon which he, with the apostate to prhiciplc'anu recent to the holy feelings of mcnuship had flattered themselves they were to glide into office. The letter is a long ortc but it is a good one. It brings to the recollection a sense ol the base and malig'nant spirit with which General Jack son was pursued, throughout his whole official career shows the accursed treach ery of a mere professing friend; and places in bold relief, the morbid prompting which influenced the disappointed, battled and dismayed aggrandizers, in their vindictive imputation. The following is tho conclu sion of the letter: Lancaster Intelligencer. I now take leave of Judge White, assu ring the country that nothing but an impe- penous sense ol duty has induced iho to make this review of his testimony. Al though his statements were discredited by the responsible committee of the House of licprcsuiuatives, wnusc uuiy u was 10 ex amine them, they were yet calculated, in my judgment, to mislead such of my fellow-citizens as may not have seen the re port of that committee, and who may yet have confidence, as I once had, in his char acter for veracity and honor. I trust that in performing this duty, I have betrayed no feeling unworthy of a beco.ning sensi bility to the injustice done to me. Being withdrawn trom political nliairs, as I shall soon bo from the cares of this life, I can have no desire to renew the discussion which have passed respecting the measures of my administration of the General Gov ernment. Of these the country will judge impartially, and time will settle their true character. Whilst ! live, however. I shall exercise the right of every freeman to re peal assaults upon my reputation and hon our as a citizen. However painful it has been to me to re flect that the injustice here done to me comes from thn hands of an old friend, or one at least who has himself given the full est proof that my Intcrcnursc'with him has been marked by the most Unsuspecting Con fidence, I am yet thankful that it- has hap pened while I had the power of exposing uiu uuusta iiiiuugeu ior ii. Having done this, my countrymen must decide how far I ought to be prejudiced by the statements of such an accuser. ANDREW JACKSON. Hard Times, The Carpenters at Grand Gulf Mississippi, were gcttingfour dollars a nay, up to tne a ith ult. New Hampshire. The Legislature of tUia Vint. 1 ri.l. 7. . . inio uiuic mijuuiiiuu uii uiu oui insi, altera session or thirty-two days. George Harvey, the Oneida bank robber is the son of Thos. Harvey, a celebrated burglar, it is said one who robbed Liv erpool custom house, and who broke into 1 I I . T . . . . nnu rooncii one ot tne southern banks. The probability is that the father and son were oom concerned in tho Uticaailair. Small change. A Mrs. Oi-at. in "Win consin, has presented her husband with iour cento, two mate and two temalc. Ilu za for a metallic currency ! A resolution wa8 introduced into the legislature instructing the Senators, and requesting the Reoresehtatlv 08 ill C.nlurmua to oppose a national bank in all shapes and under all circumstances, which passed the House by a vote of'130 to CO, and tho Sen ate by a unanimous vote. The Louisvillo Advertiser says that whig's wit depends upon the amount ...u.i u,ui i,p ,s yorin nencc a man worm sou.uuo is considered by that party just twice as smart as one worth only $35,. 000 It 18 Stated lW lliorrt or rrt.iiMAH sand squatters in the Iowa district, the part "..m WU8i oi me imsaisssipn . bavernmmit ha cH ,1 ri" uvh uu wuu mere yei. 1 ,. ... trt nil I rV THE COLUMBIA JWMUUiiAT. "TnuTii without run. Saturday, Jnly 22, 187. 'Icy We neglected last week to notice the ceremonies incident to the laying of the ertrtict stone of Saint Paul's church in this village. The spebtators were numerous, arid the resident pas'tor of the congregation, (Rev. Mr. Drake,) was assisted in thescr- iccs by the Rev. Mr May, 'or Philadel phia, and the "Rev. Mr. Smith, of Muncy. It will be a splendid edifice; and our enter prising townsman, Mr. E. II. Bioos who has undertaken its construction, is hastening its completion, which will probably be ac complished this fall. fyuvV&ayh tC7"Wc have received the first number of The Gentlethaii's Magazine, which contains 72 largo octavo pages of original matter, rfnd is executed in Very superior stylc It promises to be a valuable and in teresting monthly, and those who desire patronizing it can sec the present number bytalling at our office. C7Thc address of the Committee ap pointed for that purpose by the 4th of July Anti-Bank Convention will be found in our present number. It will well repay an at tcntivc perusal, and should bo read by every one who would remedy the evils connected with, and emanating from, the present per nicious and dangerous banking system THE BANKS THE PEOPLE. The recent refusal of the Banks to re deem their bills with specie has not only opened the eyes of the community to the dangerous character of such monicd 111011 opolics, but has excited a distrust amongst all classes that will eventually render their issues an unacceptable nuisance. This has heen the effect in our own ndkhbourhood Many farmers positively refuse to take the notes ofany Bank; and where they cannot obtain specie for their commodities they prefer taking the individual note of the pur chaser! i he reasdh is obvious: The Banks, in suspending specie payments, have violated their moral obligations, ille gally abused the confidence alid operated against the interests of community, and by their unjust and oppressive measures have forfeited all claims upon the people's good feelings and wishes. We apprehend that this prejudice will not be of short duration; for insult, in many instances, has been ad ded to injury, artd retributive justice has been doomed by the aggrieved. The next legislature of Pennsylvania will act uponthc Banking system; and if we arc not m'ucJfin error in judging of 'the signs of the tinles. there will be a reformation accomplished which will prevent a recurrence of such breaches of faith. Those few Banks, whose Directors have exhibited their solvency. by pledging their private estates for all the debts and liabilities of tho Bank, may ob tain grace until their present charters ex pire; but the residue will fall a sacrifice to their own corrupt and stubborn course of policy, and be permitted to settle up their altairs as soon as possible "CrThc people of Paradise, Lancaster county, have advertised for a physician. 1 uey would prelcr a young man. T.I tinnnnu W.twk T.V i..mu, i-ivc mousauu la borers arc advertised for at Indianapolis, to work on tho publick improvements of indi- ana, and liberal wages offered. 170,323 tons of coal have been shipped iiun.rousviiieuuringthe present season, lip iu oaiuruay last. The entire population of the United States is estimated at near seventeen mil lions of souls. A vile and heartless wretch at Madison, (Indiana,) was recently sent to catch a horse; having somo trouble in consequenco of tho a,,a. Ul!,g ironcKsome, ho deliberately lookout his knife, and cut out the horse's eyes. After being lynched by the citizens, he was permitted to escape. . A physician of New York" states thatdu ring a recent week, he attBmli.il v, of apoplexy, cawed by tight boots, STATE. FINANCES. From the Report of the.State Treasurer submitted to the Reform "Convention, agree ably to a resolution of.'tlfat body on the 20th of May iast.'the revenues of the Com- monwcalth were estimated at $1,782, 105 00; and tho expenditures at82,'020, 420 CO. The amount received as premiums on Bank Charters was S3,'302,C80 18, and the a mount receivable $2,185,010 07. The public debt and public property are given in the subjoined statement which we extract from tile icport. PUBLIC DEBT. Loans net pertaining to canals and rail-f6ads, S 1,080,000 00 Loan to Eastern Penitentiary, per act of March 21, 18ftl-, , 120,000 00 Loan to Unitfti CknM'CoVnpaiiyW March 1, 1833, 200,000 00 Debts duo by appropriation, &c. to miscellaneous objects, 502,310 23 Debts pertaining to public improve ment by canals, rail-roads, tec. u,wj,uu:i 32 $21,731,343 65 rUBLfC PROPERTY. Bank sto'ck, J2.1C8.700 00 Turnpike and Bridge stock, 2,507.008 60 The public works, 22,091,003 35 HalAnrc in the Treasury, I,yui,2UU 13 Monies die on landft, "1,000,000 00 $31,011,011 01 Communicated. Mr Ingram: Permit inc through your useful paper, which has heretofore appro priated some space to local matters, to eny a word about IlLooiisnuRC, and refer to some little matters which I think are want ing to improve its appearance, fe add to the health of its citizens. There arc few villa ges more beautifully located than Blooms burg, and very few, I Imagine, of the same size and population, in which more busi ness is transacted; But what matters the delightful situaltion, unless the hand, of art bo employed in giving a cheerful and neat aspect to its streets and dwellings. There arc but few, very few dwellings, whose fronts have been touched with the brush of a painter'; and but few also who have the advantage of pavements. This, certainly, is sheer neglect in the Owners; for while these improvements would enhance the value of the property, arid give the charac ter of beauty to the village in which they arc constructed, they would also add per manency to the buildings, and afford in creased comfort" and convenience to their inmates. Tho cost would be trifling to each owner of property, when compared with the advantages; and I sincerely hope that this gentle hint may have the desired effect, that our streets may be cleansed of wood-pilcs and rubbish the dwellings painted pavements constructed and the appearance of tho village and the health of its citizens become a themo of admiration to travellers. A CITIZEN. tC7A licentious press, swayed by ma lignant hands, is a scourge to a nation and an abomination to the intelligent and virtu ous of all parties. "Its aim is mischief, and its zeal pretence." It can ncvet contribute in elevating the standard of moral feolingj nOr aid in illumi nating the public mind; for its main object is to disseminate vile scandal and destruc tive principles, and display tho rankest feelings incident to mortification and re venge. In fine, the malice of the conduc tor renders libel his most congenial voca tion! and his being generally the liit'cling tool of others, ho must spit his venom at the decent and respectable portion of the world, and, like all vehicles of corruption, , " To ture his invention, To flatter knaves, or lose his pension." Anotiikk Suspension. T1io E'mpcrorof China has issued a decree prohibiting any of his subjects to part with any specie in pay ment to a barbarian for opium or other goods. A Convention of tho twenty five Presby teries repudiated by thdlast General Assem bly of the Presbyterian church, is to bo held at Auburn oil the 17th of next month. Joe Smith, tho Mormon impostor has been tried and acrfuitlcd on the indictment for the attempt to murder one of his back sliding disciples. M. M. Noah has written a comedy, en titled "Seven years in the life of a Politi cian." It is said to be a sparkler full of the ready wit and good humour of its viva cious ilnd amiablo author. Unreasonable Terms. The Bostort Herald aaya that persons wishing to su scribo for that paper must leave their names and residence! at the counting rooml