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I liao sworn upon llic Altar of God, eternal hostility to every form of Tyranny ocr the Mlutl of Mali." Thomas Jefferson.
PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY JOHN S. INGRAM. Hwf tar aim tana i&MPiim'E'aIsm Front the New York 8lnr. "'THE BEAUTIFUL SLAVE. A gentleman of fortune in liis city ha3 lately received a letter from bin brother, who is President of one of the Mobile Banks- who mentions, among other mat ters relative to the present distressing times, spinofintoresling incidents touching the sale 01 incicuccis 01 a miu iiiurciiauiui iiiul uny MrflTJ: This gentleman was possess ed "blja beautiful female slave, about 18 Vcarslpf age. At'thc North she would have ibecpitakcn for a brunette, being as much unlike the French Creoles as possible. In- dcqd'ii was said tliat she had not a drop of French, and' but precious little African lilood in her veins. Nevertheless she was la slave ul tho time of her master's failure, andjas such became the property of li is Creditors. An individual" (a broker) to fyhom he owed some $10,000, determined tojpossess himself of this girl, if possible, "and.it'was likewise the intention of tho bro- kenjmcrchant to redeem her at all hazards. ANrwc creditors, except the broker, agreed thaillN. might retain his slave on giving a ootllindorscd twelve months note for $1,- 6005 with interest. lie aloilc demanded jtljcTsalc of the girl under the hammer,, and thot unfortunate merchant was (oinpciled to submit, determining however, to have some fpfJiH.fricnda buy her for him. The day of sale having arrived, Mr. N. was under no apprehension but that he could retain his 'Martha for something less than 82,000 andjne had made arrangements to meet that sumjin full, anil commissioned one of his friends to make the purchase for him. ButRvhat was his surprise and indignation 'tojseo his refractory creditor make the first ShlfejBOO! He was not thus to be baulked, and'.undcr instructions, his friend hid 2,000. . .TTrW-Jilor however, persisted in over bidding-, untn , ' ,T . .ar" . fiiVJitiful Martha was BtrucktolTto him at Si noti,- " Itjfwas utterly out of tho power fntTie bfflkon- merchant to raise money cvcit for thoJiuMie had made upon his Martha, had it -.'succeeded in' purchasing her, and his creditor would doubtless have still overbid "'gpflhad he gone higher, lie must thcrc 'forQIosc her, or pay tho full amount of the StOlOOO debt, which it was impossible for ihiSjo do. What was then to lie done. iMartria would never consent to part with jMppmastcr. Ho had purchased her on his arrival at the South, more than eight years tagtSfw her owil request, she then living fabout twenty miles from Mobile lie had given her every advantage of education, andlbrought her up as tenderly as though ;b holy ere his own daughter, and now she Would sooner part with life itself than be come a slave. Her feelings 011 learning her situation, forEN. had carefully concealed the an- ounccmout of tho sale from her,) wero probably similar to those which the proud jkmghtcr of any citizen would experience jmrajike predicament, for the fact of her be- .iinga slave was known to but few in Mo- IpiIot She therefore sent word to her pur chaser, that she would never leave her resent abode alive. In answer to this essage, he sent two officers to take her Into custody. Mean time Mr, N. had cn- ouraged her that she should cortainly os- gape her doom, and embark for Now York, Mmther hu would join her in a short linic, ever again to return, and he would thoro nnv her. Iarlha was shortly after this placed in jwcpmmon jail at Mobile, as a stubborn jTtcryaiH, but, fortunately, the keeper inlcr usled himself in her behalf, and she enjoyed :craal comforts to those of her master's liar nouso. 3ust ten days after this, Martha signified hooconsent to leave tho prison, and take up Jjerjabodc with her new mastor, the hoart toss; creditor of N. With ploasuro and sur- rujo she was liborntod by tho purchaser, Jip appropriated a handsome nnartment in Town house to her use. The same night ... VT.SH .... thaatarfed for Savannah ntr exnrecs. un known to any one eavo the faithful N.' El One thousan'l dolhira reward was immedi- atoly offered for bet apprehension and the doteetion of those who had aided in her escape, and on the Oth day the reward was doubled, messengers a!si having been sent to New Orleans, and in several other dircc- tions. A fort night passed, anil no tidings i of the beautiful slave Martha. Every one suspected, though none could prove, that her former master had aided in her escape. Mr. N. had now nearly arranged his affairs, and was about to leave Mobile. His stub born creditor had tried by evry means in his power, to procure an indictment against him, but without success, when on the eve ning, of N's departure, his friend, at his dc sirci railed upon the creditor, to endeavor if possible to purchase a release to the title of Martha. "No," replied the broker, "I would sooner spend the 810,000, than be tricked by the infernal Yankee!" N. took his leave, depositing 0800 with his friend, which was all the spare money he had, anil instructing him to purchase with it the freedom of Martha if possible. Within one month from the time N. left Mobile, the extensive house of 11. M. and Brothers, cotton brokers stopped payment, and in due time, the sale of their personal property devolved upon an auctioneer. A mnng the living chatties disposed off, the title to the beautiful slave Martha, then, ab sent, but who cost if 4, 500 was .struck off to the friend of N. for sixty two dollars! . This narrative is no fiction, the author of the letter first mentioned being the identical purchaser of the slave Martha. His imme diate ohjcei in writing to the gentleman who furnished us with the above, wa3 to ascertain the whereabouts of his friend N., as he had been unable to hear froni him since his important purchase, though he had immediately written to 'New York, ac quainting hiin with it. Wc have been promised an introduction to the heroine of this nanative, and her own happy husband. ' , AL1?' Jyjn idscrtiockc r. One of the most striking imaracTeri.v of the present age, is the highly excitable state of the public mind. From the North eastern boundary line to the Mp.ic.in gulf, ftom the Atlantic to the 'Far West.' there comes rumor after rumor of liot, insurrec tion, and tumult. A f pecics of moral chol era seems every where prevailing; and no portion of our country is exempt from its visitation. The cold and circulating sons of New-England arc now rs readily lighted up into these out-breakings against order, as the hasty and inflammable spirits of the south. The passions of the populace arc- ever icuiiy lor explosion, and it matters not what is applied to the train abolition, Gra hamism, high prices of food, bank frauds, or gambling, any thing, in fact, is made use of by the people as an opportunity for tak ing the law into their own hands. They would be at onco jurymen and execution ers, legislator's, and judges, when laboring under maddened excitement, that renders them wholy unlit for their assumed pow ers. Though thorc have been riots among mankind, since they were first gathered in to ofgauized societies, and became nations, yot wc do not recollect a period recorded in history when these 'uproars among the people, bore similitude to the riots of tho present day, cither in their frequent recur rence, or in the peculiar character of their motive power. They wero generally, both in ancierit and modern times, the teaction of those natural rights of man, which had been forcibly kept down by tyranny and oppression; and theso insurrections wero cither immediately checked by tho strong arm of enthroned authority; or elso Lccamo the glorious moans of restoring the peoplo to their rightful privileges. But among us, it is different. Our government acknowl edged that 'nil men arc born free and equal,' and tho people have neither tho disposition nor tho excuse to rise in rebellion against it, since they both foel and know tho blessings it seoura them. Our mobs arc wrtpoUli- ct!, though they are sometimes mado uso of COLUMBIA COU1TY, FA. SATURDAY, JIHL.Y 29, 1837. by designing politicians ; for wc never see, even in the greatest excitement of party against party, one portion of the populace rising against those who differ from them in their opinions of public men and mea- surcs. In a philosophical sense, they may be termed moral ones, for the exciting cause is generally found to bo some imagi nary or real Outrage upon the moral sense, or upon- the honest but ignorant prejudices. of the community. There is much truth in the remark of Bishop Porteus, that 'the mob may sometimes think right, but they always act wrong.' Either the supposed inefficiency ol the law3, or an impatient unwillingness to await their slow decision, rouses the multitude into a determination to punish the offenders at once, and upon this rash resolve, they madly wreak their vengeance upon the original criminal, or upon any one whom they fancy to be in the least degree connected with him. In furiated by their passions, they rush on ward to the work of destruction, regardless alike of law, of ju. l'c , of reason, and of humanity. As in tho first taste of blood, by the lion's cub every drop that it takes makes it thirst - for more, so it is with the mo s insatiate wrath, if left to itself, it in ve can be glutted it never says 'it is enough,' until every thing has become a prey to its vindictive spirit. The rapidity with which this tendency to tiots has spread through our country, and their frequent recurrence here, there, and every w hero in our land is owing, in a great i!cg'.:e, to the encouragement given to them by the press, and by public opinion. The light and of.cn commendatory notice given of Ju lgn Lynch's proceedings, when his sapient Judgeship happened to punish rightly, according to the opinion of the wri ter or speaker, has produced incalculable mischief through our wide-spread commu nitv. With these short-sighted individu als the end justifies, and they thoughtlessly cast these fire. brand opinions about, say ing, 'Are we not in sport?' But let such beware of this dangerous trifling, or they tnrfi'teji!0 a conflagration, which will i u n "xvwqr.of man to arrest, and whose flanles mavg65ieiW. until it h.w involved our prosperity, our' liberty, and our government, in one vast smouldering ruin. However different may havs been the ex citing o.iuses of thc30 tumults amo lg the people, yet the characteristics of a mob, when once roused into action, will ever be found similar. Take those of any ago, and of any country, and wc trace in their pro oeediugs the same distinct! ire features. The history of one is in this respect the history of all, for its subject is humai na ture. It is the wild misrule of the fiercest passions of the multitudo gathered into fearful combination, and infuriated to in sanity. They arc for the time as incapa blc of exercising reason or judgment, as a band of maniacs; and it is this mental ami moral derangement that invests them witl a power so appalling. And it is also ow ing to this, that sound-judging legislators and humane magistrates have been forced to acknowledge, that nothing but tho strong arm of powor will be of any avail at such a 'crisis, and that in extreme cases, the seve rest measures are often tho most merciful. Like drunkards when raging in 'delirium tremens,' they are not in a fit state to be counselled or reasoned with, and thoir acts of outrage havo to ho checked by force. Although public safety, and the necessity of preserving order, render strict procedures needful, yet there is not a patriot or phi lanthropist, whose heart docs not bleed for the poor misguided populaecj when thus excited to deeds of violence. The general good requires tho punishment of tho actors, hut tho responsibility of their crimes hangs heavily upon their instigators. Sacred as well as profano history points to those lead ers as the greatest criminals. Tho desiro for tho crucifixion of tho Saviour sprung not spontaneously from tho multitude, for thoy 'esteemed Him a prophet,' and would havo taken Him 'by forco to mako him a king.' It was tho wily 'chief priests and tho scribes' who 'ncrsuaded thn nnnnln ' and 'moved them' to cry out 'Crucify Him, crucify Him!' It was these who stimula ted the ignorant and thoughtless mob, until thoy thirsted for the blood of Him who had healed their sicknesses, borne their infirm ities, and compassionated their sufferings. While tho mass of the people continue unenlightened, they will ever be passive instruments in the hands of those who stu dy how to move them. In reason, they are children, but in their passions they are mon; and it is through this dangerous me dium that they arc led on by their self-appointed rulers. Wc fear that the true friends of the people are comparatively but a small band. It seems the interest of all classes, and all parties, to keep them m ignorance, that they may be more easily swayed to suit their own purposes. It is as much the desire of the partisan politician to keep the crowd from judging for themselves, as it is that of the most despotic tyrant. The re suit, in making them do what they will, is the same in both cases, though tho mean which effect this are different; for the one is gained by flattery, and the other by forco. Wc have said that the friends of the people are few, and even these few Stan ', aloof in shameful inaction, and leave them to help less prey to crafty disorganizes, erroneous prejudices, and rabid infidelity. There is an alarming degree of power left in the hands of those who are both secretly and openly striving to corrupt the populace, by removing the only rwo restraining princi ples that can be felt in their unonlighted condition the belief in a God. and a future state. Should these be taken away, we may well tremble for our country, for the turbid and polluted waters of anarchy and vice will overwhelm it like a deluge. To a calm and reflecting mind, an exci ted mob is an object of compassion, and the pious man will ever pray for the infuriated multitude as his Saviour did: 'Father for give them, for they know not what they do!' The Am stirrings of tumult generally arise from home cause that to their minds appears a just one. They possess an intuitive sense of right and wrong, which having hover 'ftaamided or enlightened by religion or reason, can'ou..., , , , ., , A-,TTn t tAm k, Tilt., . tiiwu i jutai. ugiiia, iiiiiiha.- WJJl tnom by sophistry. They have not judg ment to sift the specious from tho true; they are prone to mistake appearances for reali ty, and thus to them the worse can be made to seem the better season. They both see and feel instances of hardship and apparent injustice, and they arc mischievously told that the power of redress is in their own hands, if they have but the courage to ex crt it. While writhing under the loss of their hard-earned savings, they see the men whom they think were instrumental in ru ining them, still living in case and opulence, and some evil designer whispers, 'lte vengc!' In the midst of their keen suffer ings from want of employment, poverty, and scarcity of provisions, they arc told that tho exorbitant prices demanded for shelter, food, and fuel, are owing to 'combinations' & 'monopoly' among speculators, who are fattening upon tho miseries of their fellows. They stop not to examine tho truth ol this statement, but givo it full credence, and take summary vengeance upon the supposed of fenders. Thoy are thus lashed into fury, and imagine thoy can set all things right by violence and tumult. This course appears to them a 'justifiable expression of their feeling,' for so mobs havo been spoken of, again and again. They have never been taught, that all out-breakings against law and order aro deserving of censure and pun ishment. No one has attempted to con vince them, whilo they were in a lit state to be reasoned with, that thoy are enemies of their country, by thus draining off the force of tho laws; and that by thoir throw ing clogs upon tho inferior machinery of government, they may stop the mighty en gine itself, and shatter it into dissolution. The peoplo have teachers, it is true, but what are the lessons that arc given them? .Thoir subtle tutors whcodle them by flatte Number 14. ry, and secure their confidence by avowing themselves the friends of liberty and of vir tue. This gained, thoy assemble them in their 'halls of science,' and to try to under mine their faith 111 God and revelation, and their respect for all laws, whether human or divine. In addition to this oral instruc tion, they have the mighty aid of tho press-, and pour out their publications daily, week ly and monthly. Theso false teachers, theso pretended friends 6f the people, have been unceasingly active in their unholy work. But what has been done by patriots or philanthropists to counteract their efforts? Has there been any thing like a strenuous', concerted action among these, to enlighten the public mind as to its true interests, and to bring it to a healthful state of feeling and action. Have they endeavored to prove to the people the sophistry and falsehood of those who are leading them into the bot tomless pit of atheism, there to leave them groping in its chadtic darkness! If nothing has yet been done, then it is time for the true friends of the people to be up and be doing, for there is a great work before them. There has much been effected toward the moral reformation of the world, by exer tions in the cause of Christianity and of ed ucation. But the work of Which wc speak is preparatory to both. One reason, per haps, why missionaries among the heathen arc more successful than those who labor among our own miserable and vicious poor, is, that the savage has never heard revealed religion derided as a fable, and its profess ors ridiculed as dotards, or censured hypo crites. His ignorance and his natural sin fulness are the only obstacles to be over come; but in our civilized community, there is a host of bitter prejudices, and gross errors, to be driven from the way, be fore the truths of Christianity can even gain a Hearing, it it was tliouglit neeutul, be fore the appearance of the Saviour, that 'Elias should first come,' 'to turn the hearts if the fathers to the children, and the diso 'ledient to the wisdom of tho just; to make ready a people prepared for the Lord,' then may there not still be something that is requisite to open the way for the recep tion and diffusion of the truths of revela tion? This preparatory work is the en lightening of tho public mind on the various ""s,",,y'.Jloiwing frdm moral, social, and political reIationS.xw..follibu in st relief the misery and wrctclieUnca,, ,jlat will necessarily flow from the misconduct of tho people, as husbands, fathers and citi zens, and to show them that prosperity and happiness can only be expected In tho faithful discharge of their duties in these several stations. It is to remove the ex isting prejudices against the religious por tion of the community; to convince them that the hypocrisy of some professors, 5t tho sinful acts of others, are no arguments a gainst Christianity, and to bring before them simple yet etriking evidences of tho truth of the holy Scriptures, in familiar and apt illustrations. The proper education of pub lic opinion is yet to bo accomplished. The charge left by our venerable Wash ngton, in his Farewell Address, needs still to bo repeated, although forty years have passed since it was given. After having shown that 'religion and morality aro in dispensable supports to political prosperity,' and that it is to religion alone that we con look for true morality, ho then recommends tho general diffusion of knowledge among ' classes of the people, and afterward says: 'In proportion as the structuro of government gives force to public opinion, it is essential that public opinion should be enlightened.'' By the enlightening o'f the public opinion, the Father of his Country surely did not moan tho oducatio'n of children in the rudi ments of learning. It was to tho education nf men, in their duties as members of the body politic. It was to teach them to think, and judge, and act, for themselves, that they might rightly use their privileges as freemen, and not ignorantly or heedlessly abuso those blessings which wero bought by the blood of revolutionary patriots. Tho