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I have sworn upon tlio Altar of God, eternal hostility to every form of Tyranny over tho Blind of Man." Thomas Jefferson.
MINTED AND PUBLISHED BY JOHN S. INGRAM. Volume I. BliOOKISBVRG, COIiUMBIA COUNTY, PA. SATURDAY, AUGUST 12, 1837. Number 16. U.i u a Vc3 i-t rirj C'W lite in- M ; lit e, tit ' sii d u i Sub tcJ I" F.s'(r gains? befort ft gruu in tbo '.As.,. Hf ; LAND OF THE WEST. 'rjfift JIT VV. II. OALLAC1IKII. iLiiroloT the West! thine early prim's FadS'fn the flight of harrying Time; 'Thynoblo forests fall, us sweep Europa's myriails o'er tho Deep; 'And 'thy liroad plains, with welcome warm, Rcccivo tho onward-pressing swarm: "On mountain height, in lowly vale, By,quict lake, or gliding river, Wherever sweeps the'ehaintesa gale, - Onward sweep they forever. Uh.inay they como with heart that no'er Can bend a tyrant's chAin to wear; With souls that would indignant turn, And proud Oppression's minions spurn, ,Vith.ricxvtes df stcql, and words of flume, "To striko and scar tho wretch who'd bring our land to shame! iuxD or the West! beneath tlio Heaven There's not a fairer, lovelier clime; Kor one to which was ever given A. destiny more high, sublimbi From Allegheny's base, to where , Our Western Andes prop the sky Tho home of Freedom's hearts is there, Arid o'er it Freedom's eagles fly. And here, should e'er Columbia's land, , Bo'rcnt with fierce inlcstihc feud, Shall 'Freedom's latest cohorts stand, , "ZTillTrecdom's oaglcs sink in blood, , i And quenched arc all tho stars that ndw her banners ', . For the Columbia Democrat. fall? 1'AMIf.Y OP TItOUT SPIUXC. V; W NO Mil til TWO. 4- Onc cool autumnal evening as aiuon bljfljnd his family word sitting at their fru- gal lineal in their homely though clean 'mansion, a stranger appeared at tho door I'diiStrequcstcd admittance, with his compan- 'ion;for the night. Albert inquired con cerning the number of the company, their " wants and necessities and upon being in formed in a few words, with his accustomed generosity, acceded to his request. The partyconsistcd of a middle aged man, his wife and three children, who with a few ar- Ucles1 of damaged furniture, iinadc up the load of a wagon drawn by three! lean horses Altcr. tho strangers had alighted, unloaded their few articles of provision and furniture, put their horses in tho stabld, and arranged matters for the niglit, Albert inquired of the . .-mm. : . . ... .. stranger las destination, i he guest pro- heeded to give the following history of his life and adventures. Lam descended," said he, "trom pa rents' wild moved in a sphere above mcdioc rityViiri New England, and as I was their p'nlgchild they determined to give me wliat1 they considered a superior cducatiori. Asjjljwas naturally capricious, twhimsical andunsleaily in my disposition, I never voluntarily attended to any one thing till I (P05ll bad' ihoroughly learned it, but always de- rslstcdr and commenced a new thing before Iha'first was half understood. My parents I doated upon me too much to admit of my u beingironstrained, so 1 was left to my own ... i guidance anu consequently grow up wiin j ro-1 onUperfcctly understanding any ono thing andUyithout any disposition to do the little 1' could perform. With these unfoitunatc habits fully fastened upon me, I entered lthc thejvbrld as a free man, destitute of useful picas'' knowlddgd, and without any definite object 1 in view. Tho thought of providing for my , , bwirsupport had scarcely ever entered my mindl and when by chance such a rcflcc , .i ,t. ... ' . . . tionKdid spring up, my ucklcncss soqn dgwrrno off to some other reflection. I passed day after day resolving eacli evening tliatj&'to-morrow I will fix upon some ra- UUIIIU' JUUIl UI BpUllUIIIJ IllJ 11IIIU BU US IU 1 "M i. remove mv continual restlessness" but mnrninff nsenTooking to the four winds df heaven forsbmc dali,I source of amusement, and evening caught ' , moSain tho samo discontented creature I I.E. iia'dl always been. "Instliis stato my folly prompted mo to takcHno management of a family, though I h had ample experience that I could not pro vide for myself. I married, however, and havo no charge to make against the Com panion I had chosen, who is now tho com panion of my pilgnrrfage. My parents, jioae weakness prevented them from prop. rmwxstraining mo in my early youth, yeraj, offended at my matrimonial connex' ion, auu Willi ino same uniortunatc excess that had dictated my ruined education, warned me to dross lliclr threshold no more. Uiider these unfortunate auspices I set up for myself. My father partially relented, and furnished me with a small sum of money, which might wilh prudent management have started mc in business, but in such hands as mine did little more than prolong my vexation. My wife had some knowl- dgc of domestic matters, had some pru- ence and forecast, and much industry, but she experienced hardships wjiicli ex hausted her patience and impaired her health. She was united to me under tho impression that 1 was rich, and was wofully lisappoinled when she found herself the wife, not only of a poor cottager, but of a man destitute of the means of acquiring a livelihood, and of a whimsical and dissatis fied iiiiiul. "After enduring several years of misery, during which 1 had adopted and abandon ed an innumerable number of schemes for bettering my pecuniary condition, my pa rents died, and became the heir of their property. We now, for a moment, con sidered our anxidty at-an end. I moved to my father's mansion, determined to follow his stdps. Iti a short time' I fouiid I under stood nothing about farming, and that no competent farmer would remain long in my service, because (as I now know) I was too self-suflicient to let him do business his own way, and I was too whimsical to perfect any operation my way. Unsuccessful in every attempt, I grew more dissatisfied wit myself and more arbitrary with those about mc, till my house was rendered a scene of discord and altercation. To crown my misery, I ascertained that my expenses con siderably exceeded my income. Piece af ter piece of my father's beautiful properly was sold to raise funds to discharge the most pressing demands, and each succeeding sale diminished my means of raising a live lihood in future; At last, having an opnor lunity, I sold the residue of my property paid my debts, arid determined to emigrate to sonic mbre favoured land with the bal aiicc. "I now supposed I had found the trtic cause of all my anxiety and misfortunes 1 grew quite sanguine of passing a happy bid ace in some other rcdon. I attributed all my disquietude to my locality, & build cd splendid fabricks of happiness in every place remote from my own. My wife join cd in the project heartily. I therefore con verted all into cash and set out for Georgia With the wagon and horses, and the family you now see, anu one more, nut alas the phantom of discontent which had perse cuted mc hitherto, followed me in my jour ney, and made every place present, tho mo ment I arrived at it. No matter how green how smooth, how fcriile, orhow delightful my imagination had painted a particular place, while at a distance, and tlio moment i saw it, 1 discovered its blights and incon veniences. Thus I followed the ignls-fa tuus of my folly from New Hampshire to Georgia. I have traversed Virginia, Ken lucky, and Tennessee, and visited tho re gions of tho Mississippi and Missouri I havo worn out my wagon, my horses, my furniture, togothcr with my health, and that df my family. I havo buried my youngest son during my interminable journey, & am now dragging my weary way back to my native land, in the miserable plight in which you see me. I havo been three years al most continually "t the roatl, my ttinus are exhausted, my spirits aro dejected, and I ex pect no solid comfort except that which I may find after I shall have passed to that land where "tho wicked cease from troub linir and tho weary at rest." You sr.o before you a man, wrolched beyond description a, man who has bcci! useless to society; burden to himself, and a torment to thoso about him. I have arrived at this stato of demadation without tho commission of crime. I have been neither intom pcrato nor dishonest, buttsem becauso in all my doings I havo novcr done any thing effee tually methodically, or in soason." Tho stranger having completed his narra- vc, signed and remained silent, lie and his companions wdrc given freely such re freshment as the house of Albert afforded, and retired to rest. In the morning they adjusted their loading and departed with tcar3 in their dyes towards the land of their birth. After they were gone, Mrs. C. said to her family "my children, from the mis fortunes of these good people we may learn lesson. They have been looking for happiness from exterior object?, forgetting that it dwells in the mind. Hut the chief misfortune, arid the foundation of all the rest, lies in the mistaken education and im- mcthodical mind of the stranger. He was naturally idle or changeable, and required much correction from more experienced hands. This correction the misguided ten derness of his parents precluded. lie grew irresolute, neglected his duty, till he ceased r:cognizo application as a duty: spent is time in contriving ways and means to waste the very time which he should have husbanded and improved, and which he feared should ctfmo to an end, as a whole, but gladly saw vanish in parcels. All this complication of errors and woes may beset down as the offspring of one grand parent; atid that is this: lip commenced the execu tion of his thoughts or plans before they ere formed or finished in his own mind, and consequently abandoned them in dis gust when he had executed as far as his plan extended. As he thought without method, each day originated new schemes, to share the premature fate of their prede cessors, from his mislortuncs, then, learn to think and act methodically, and never commence executing, till you have seen, in your mind's eye, tho machine completed and in operation; It is even better to act lurong sometimes methodically, than right at random; because if you have committed an error systematically it may be in your power to correct it at a future time: but if you have performed a matter at random, and find it right at last, your experience will avail you nothing) because you cannot produce a similar result at pleasure, for.the very plain reason, that you do not know the cause from which the right result flow' cd;" Thus Mrs. 0. turned the misfortunes of her neighbours into lessons of instruction for her children instead of subjects of sar casm and censure; S. THE FAMILY ALTAR. A woman is never happier than when surrounded by her husband and children and if he forsakes his clubs and slio routes and parties, contenting themselves at home both would be satisfied in their little family, and belter understand each otlier s views and wishes. A wifo is no less lovely for having laid aside her silk and appeared at the tea table in a calico, and no less bcauti fill because she is deteoled with a broom in her hand sweeping her parlor. AVe should look upon these things in their true light, and consider tlio reason why sho is so and the benefit produced by her meritorious course. Tlio times justify economy in all tilings and it may be practised without meanness by every one and she who sets the first exairiplo deserves the commchda tion and applause of the country. Iftsomc wealthy dame, who has hitherto led the ton in fashion and expense would forget her furbelows & scarfs, and meritoriously content herself with plain attire and only moderately costly dresses, sho would do more real scrvico to tho community than bv anv otlier courso she could adopt. Her example would bo followed, and her name remembered with a blessing. Pride is the greatest evil we now have to contend with and it is a weak and foolish fancy that kills more nabobs than beggars, and only encir cles its votaries with a chaplct of thorns that they may bo sacrificed as victims upon the altar of selfishness. New hra. Keep your purso and your mouth close Keep no more cats than will catch mice Open conlosston is goou lor uio soui. THE GREAT AMERICAN DESERT. The vast barren, and trackless region, stretching for hundreds of miles along the foot of the Rockoy Mountains, and drained by the tributary streams of the Missouri, is thus described in Irving's Astoria. "This region which resembles ono of Ihc immeasurable steppe's of Asia, has not in aptly been termed 'the great American De sert.' It spreads forth in undulating and treeless plains, and desolate sandy wastes, wearisome to the'eyc from their extent and monotony, and which are supposed by ge ologists to have formed the ancient floor of the ocean, countless ages since, when its primeval waves washed against the granite coasts of the RocUv Mountains. It is a land where no man permanently abides; for in certain seasons of the year there is no food either for the hunter or his steed. Pile herbage is parched and withered, tlio brooks and streams arc dried up; the bu Ha lo, the elk and tho deer have wandered to distant parts, keeping within the verge of expiring verdure, and leaving behind them a vost uninhabited solitude, seamed by ra vines, the beds of former torrents, but ser ving only to tantalize and increase the thirst of the traveller. Occasionally the monotony of this vas wilderness is interrupted by mountainous belts of sand, and limestone, broken in con fused masses, with precipitous clifts and yawning ravines, looking like the ruins of a world, or is traversed by lofty hills and ridges of rock, almostimpassable, like those denominated the Berk Hills. Ueyond these rise the stem barriers of the Rocky Moun tains, the limits, as it were, of the Atlantic world. The rugged defiles and vallies of this vast chain form sheltering places for restless and ferocious bands of savages, many of them tho remnants of the tribes once inhabitants of the prairies, but broken up by war and violence, and who carry into their mountain haunts the fierce passions and reckless habits of desperadoes." Particular Providence For my own part I fully enter into the sentiment of an ancient writer, that it would not be worth while to live in a world that was not go verned by a Providence. Nothing is so tranquilizing and consolatory, amid the shiftings, and fluctuations, and uncertain ties of an inconstant world, as tho firm belie! that mV family and myself arc wholly dependent on the Sleepless and un remitting care of my reconciled God and Father, that he views with indifference which can affect us either with good or with ill, that evefy drop in the ocean of means is in his hand and at his disposal, and that ho is making all things work to gether for our good. His eye is upon mo every hour of my existence his spirit in timately present to every thought of my heart. His hand impresses a direction upon every footstep of my going. Every brcatli I inhale is drawn in by an energy which God deals out to me. This body, which, upon the slightest derangement, would become the prey of death or of wo ful sufferings, is now at ease, becauso Ho is at this moment warding off a thousand dangers, and upholding tho thousand move ments of its complex and delicate maclii neiy. His presiding influence keeps mc though tho whole current of my restless and ever-changing history. JVhen I walk by the way ho is along with i"e. When 1 enter into company, amid all my forgetful ness of him, ho novcr forgets ino. In the silent watches of the night, when my eye lids have closed, and my spirits have sunk into uilconsciousness, the observant eye of Him who never slumbers, is upon mo ; I cannot fly from his presence. Go where I will, He attends mo and cares for mo. And tho same Being who is now at work in the remotest dominion of Nature and Provi dence, is always at my right hand to eke out every moment of my being, and to up hold me in tho exorcise of all my feelings and of all my faculties. Original Mem ors, DARK NIGHT, The following is tho next best thing in evidence concerning the stone "as big as a piece of Chalk." "Wero you travelling on the night this affair took place?" "I should say I was, Sir." "What kind of weather was it, was it raining at tho timet" It wa3 so dark that I couldn't sec it raininc; I felt it dropping, though." "How dark was it?" "I had no way of telling but it was hot light by ajdg full." "Can't you compare it to something?" "If I was going to compare it to any thing, I should say it was about as dark as a stack of black cats." Important. To pcstrlov tlea.s. Wet your finger in your mouth and catch thora tickle them under the short ribs till they laugh then spit tobacco juice in their mouths, and they will instantly close their eyes ill death with scarce a struggle. Last winter, it is said a cow floated down, the Mississippi on a piece of ice, and be came eo cold that she lias milked nothing but ice-cream ever since! Art Irishman meeting an acquaintance thus accosted him, "Ah my dear; who da you think I have just been speaking to? Your old friend Patrick, faitli? and he has grown so thin, I hardly knew him. You are thin, and I am thin, but he is thinner than both of us put together." Antediluvian Pun.-"Let me have your walking stick," asked a little child of his father who carried a very heavy loaded staff. , "No, no, child," was the answer "you're not Able to carry my Cane." "Ben what's the reason they call you and mc indented apprentices?" "I don't know," replied Ben; "except it's because boss licks us with a stick, and dents us all over." He who has no bread to spare should not keep a dog these hard times. The Kiverlid or Yankee Neatness. A Green Horn from the interior recently went to visit a rich cousin in the City of Boston. Being introduced into the sitting room by the servant, he stopped at tho door, and gazing for a moment with aston ishment upon tlio rich carpet upon tho floor, he at last observed a narrow spaco next the wall of the room, which it did not cover, and with long strides, marched over it opposite tho fire place, there being obliged to cross the carpet to reach his friends, (who began to be as much surprised as he was) in reaching the hearth ho could not a void stepping on it and, turning with ap parent mortification to his cousin, he ex claimed "There Polly I've trnd on your kiverlid artcr all. Fishing for Compliments. ."Well, Di nah," said a would-bo-bcllc, to a black girl, they say beauty soon fades, but do you see any of my bloom fading? now tell mo plainly, without any compliments. "Un, no, missa; but mo kinder tink" "Think what; Dinah: you're bashful?" "Oh, no mc no bashful but den mo kinder tinks as how missa don't retain her color quite so well as sister Pliillosoy Scip'slubblyroso" dipt. There is said to be but one quar ter dollar of change in Cincinnati; and that has been borrowed so often to pay posta ges, that it is worn down to a pistareen. .Work of Necessity. Unbuttoning a young gentleman's waistcoat to enable him to pick up his cane. High Fashion. A New York writer gives tho following as a definition of high fashion. "Tight sleeves to tho elbows long waist full skirt sweet smiic cur ling lin bright eye pearly teeth tongue of music heart of d- A young lady asked a gentloman," while in tho garden, which he thought tho pretti est, the tulips or the roses. "Oh, your two lips," replied he, "before all tho roses r in the world."