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lo ecor its depreciation; this fuin'shes a
ttrong ground for protecting tha nolo holder
but doe not lesson the force of the ra
son of the general liabiliiy of the stockhold-
It should be observed, tint if the rircuta-
lion ut a bank lias a prelerreu claim upon
the corporate funds, the stockholder are
only individually Itablo for any deficiency
in those fund, it will be the interest of the
-drposiior, upon the fir.-1! doubt of bank ejl
Tcncy. to convert his deposiies into bank
notes. This will always be done by those
who rosy be convenient to the bank, or are
in favor with the officer, upon the first in
imatlon of its failing condition, wh le ihose
who aro more remote, or Itss imorined
may be left to wltnesi the application of
their deposhosto redeem the circulation by
which the ultimate liabiliiy of the stock
holders will bo dimin.shcd. 1 fence it will
bo the direct interest of die stockholders in
q failing bunk, whose liability is limited to
note holders, to protect themselves against
loss, bv concealing its condition, tritil the
.greatest possible amount of individual de
poshes are secured, This furnishes
strong reasons for extending the principle to
the debts, in proportion to the amount of stock
held by each stockholder. Until this is
done, anil smpto provision is made affor
ding ihe creditors of corporations prompt
and efficient remeuieB the great object of ihe
principle of individual liability, will not
Jiave been attained.
With these objection;,! have diiectei! the
bill to be returned to thellouse ofRepreern
talives, were it originated.
January 8, 1840.
(Correspondence of the J'ublic ' Ledger;)
IiAimiSBUiio, Feb. 5 Evening.
The House held' an afternoon session,
and took tip, in Committee of the Whole
ttie reoltilions rola'ive to the tariff.
Mr. Hnrrvll spoke at consiberable
Jc t j. h in tuppoit of iiis amendment lo
the reso'u'ions from the Senate. The
cb to wjs continued by several other
gii lemfn, when tha amendment of
Jilt, llturell wai rejected. This amend
ment confines tho instructions to-a i tariff
upon coal and iron.
f7he amendment of Mr. Fiollet, op
posed to the tariff of 1842, was rejected
at the close of tho morning (session)
The Commitiee- rose and reported the
resolutions to the 'House.
Mr. Burrell then renewed his amend-
ment which had been rejected in Com-
mitteo of the Whole, which was egin
'rejected yeas 37, nays 57.
,Tie question was then taken on the
resolutions as. they came from the Sen
nle, and decided in the affirmative yeas
'79, nays 14, as lullowf;
Yeas 'Messrs. Armstrong, Uich
man, lJarber, Bartholomew, . Busier,
-liuntz, Bigham, Hougner, Boyer,
Brough, Brackenridgp, Bright. Burns,
Burnside, Burrell, Chestnut, Clark,
Cochram, Connor, Donaldson, . DottJ
Esdie, Fernon.'i'oraylh, Funstoo,G1lo
way, Gray. Haley, Hallowed, lljymi
leer, Hill, (Fayette) -Hill, (Montgomery
y) IJoffman, Ives, Jacob?, James, John
son, Keller, Kunkel, Ladley, "Larkin,
Levan, Magham, Matthias, Means,
Morison, Murphy, McAbee, ilcClel-
larwl Mnf!riim M pHiii-iI ! Mnf!nrl1
McFarland, Nicholson, Owen, Power,
iJomroy, ttrankUnl romeioy, IIMer-
I r:- r:j- r j i - ti .
i crrj x rice, inner, iiounibun, uupen,
anuman, onyuer, oiarr, oteei; Blotter,
.Stewart, Franklin Stetiarl, fyecm-
ting" rouss, Thomas, fChesieil Tice,
Trego, Van HolT, Wadsworlh, Wilson,
Worman, Warrell, Palerson, ffepeaker)
Navs Mesir?. Bird. Cam pbelhCrosj,
,fl)aly. Jiniie, Fasectl, Kline, Knox,Mcr-
i iiiciti, riouei, ciaunific, xnoinat,
Sum. Weesl, Webb ,14.
j The pieamble was agreed to, and the
Utiles being r-ti'pended, tho resolutionf
icame up on third reading as follows:
t W linrnna llt I c TfT r f n!nlilrtn lttir.
Hbi i ir, a nt, iHii. mi uiDjiMVbii nun
; cretl and loitv two tiroilucta no moo
.lhan Euflident revenue lo difray thi
necessary txpense of the general govern
jmenl, and alfordd only an adequate m
iciucntai protection to iiincncau inuuft
ry and vmcrcan manuueturcs, agains'
(nroirv n inmnnllllrin iiiii In nl i n nnliMi
Inntl o constqnenl encouragem'nt lo
commercial enterprise, to. agricultu
ral pursuits, end to ihe developentent of
our internal resource?.
AniMvnereas, it is iieileveit the peo
'nlo of Pennsvlvania are onnoted lo nuv
alteration inilie exisiiog- lar.ti unui lu
ther experience has fhown that a modi
fication is required to secure, a conlinu
once of suet protection, and lo promote
the cenera we fare, I liereioio
Resolved by the benate ana uousb oi
Reriresentalives ol Ihe uommonweaitn
net, 7'nl our Senators and Represen
alives in Congress be, and inry are
lereby requested, to oppose al attempii
o alter or modify the lriffac of the
hirlitlh of August, one thousind eight
. i .-. . ...
unar-ca ana ioriy iwo.
R-solved, Thai ilia Governor b
requeitftl to transmit a copy of the abovi
preamble and resolution to each of oil
natora and Representatives in Cr
I All. Piollel moved to go into Com
imitlre of the Wholf, for the purposo nl
ainendmont. by adding the following to
Ilisolved, That our Snnstors and Rep
reseoitlives in Congress ba further in
slructsd and requeued to opposo the
establishment of a National UJiik, the
distribution ot ihe proceed! of the nub
lie laud, and to vole for the sepi ration
of His government from the funking in
amotions, ami lor tne creation oi a con
stitutional tressuary, n tha best means
pointed out by the people and experi
ence to -keen Ihe currency Dure, to
guard the puople's money from spucu
Isiiuu, and to preserve unimpaired (he
protection afforded by a just tariff Isw
to the indtKlry of Ihe penpla.
I ne motion was agreed to veas 52,
nays 40, and the House wont into. Com
mittee of thi Whole, inserted Mi. Pio-
letf's amendment, and reported Ihe res
olutions as thus amended back to the
The resolutions as amended were a-
greed lo yeas 51. nays 4, as follow?:
Yea? 1sssrs Armstrong, Isachman,
3arber, Hutighner, Iioyer, Bright, Burn-
ide, Murrell, Campbell, Chesntit,Clirk,
Cross, Daly, Donaldson, DolU, Entie,
b asset, Fernnn, rorsyth, I unnion CmIIo
wayiGray, Gwin, Hillowel, Haymaker,
Hlll,(l' ayellc) Hill,Montgtimeiy Hine
me, Mouitian, Ivrs, J.iuiei, Keller,
Knox, Lvan. Mean?, Murphy, McA
bee, McClelland, Owen, Power, Rider.
(upert, Samuels, Snyiler,Siarr, Stetler,
Sieiiart, Lycoming- Tice, Van HolT,
Wadswotth, Wilson, Woi man, Woirel,
Patcrson, Speaker 54.
Nays Messrs. JJird, Kline, Piolelt,
W ebb '4.
The Clerk was ordered to aai the
concurrence of Ihe Senate in the amends
ment, and ihe House adjourned about
THE OltEG'W NEGOTIATION.
At last we have something authentic up
on the present state of tho Oregon negotia
tion. On Saturday, a message was receiv
ed in Congress fiom tha President, cover
ing an important correspondence, as fol
1st. A letter from Mr, Buchanan to Mr.
2d. A letter from Mr. Buchanan to Mr.
M'Lane dated Dec. 13, and asking the
meaning of English war pinparation.
SU. A lellur trnm Mr. jir-l.ano to Mr.
Buchanan, dated January 3 statinc; that he
had an interview with Lord Aberdeen, who
assured him that war preparations of Eng
land had no reference lo American affair
believes Lord Aberdeen sincere still thinks
it possible that hostilities may come in
which hngland would be prepared to deal
powerful blows against the United States
4th. A letter from Mr. Pakenham in Mr.
Buchanan, dated Dec. 27 proposing arbi
tration olii. A letter from Mr. Buchanan to Mi.
Pakcnhain, datetl-Jn. 3d, declining arbi
tration yet cherishing the hope that the
difTicultios.niay bo amicably settled bv ne
6th. air. Pakonnam to Mr. Buchanan,
dated January 3d, slating that he will send
ihe answer of Mr. Polk, transmitted above
by Air. Buchanan, to the. British Minister in
7th, Another letter from nr. Pakenhnm to
Mr. Buchanan, dated January lGih.in which
he argues tho question of arbitration, and
conttoverling Mr, Polk' objection lo nrbi
ttalion dcclaiiug that England lias rights
in Oregon, lie asks, whether the Uuiled
Males is willing to submit to arbitration
their claim to the whole territory of Ore.
8th. A letter from nr. Buchanan to Mr.
Pakenham.datedFebruary 0, declining the
last proposition for arbitration, and staling
the reasons why
1 lie leceipt of the message caused n deep
sensation in the house, and the readincr of
the cnrrenpondence was listened lu with
(Correspondence of the Publio Ledger.)
Washington. Feb. 8th. lfl4G
The important Message of thu Presi
dent, enclosing the tcccnl cormpon
dence between Mr Buchanan and Mr
McLane, and Mr. Pakenham a.id Mr
Buchanan, and of which I sent you last
evening a synopsis, embracing oil the
piominent points, is of courso ihe all ab
orbing topic of comment and d fciismod
41 iho seat oi covi rnnicnt. ti mi near?
now to be Ihe almost unanimous opinio i
here, that a wr will) England is in ev
liable, for no one supposes thai the Pre
Mdenl will recrde from the position as
Mimpil in Ihe letter of Mr. Buchanan, ol
4 th FtbuaTy, in reply, lo Mr. Pikon
ham's second proposition lo arbitrate;
and it nppetis (o he tqually improbable
from the lone of Mr. Pakenhani's note
of the IGifi, and Ihe contents of Mr. ilr
Lane's letter of ihe 3d of January, thai
Oieai. Britain can be induced lo abandon
her 'lights lo Uiegon territory.' II
both purlin , iheiefure, sreresolved to
maintain the position which they have
assumed, a resort to arms for the settle
ment of the difficulty would seem to be
it is Into tho President declares (hit
ho 'cordially unites with tha govern
nent of Ureal Britain in desiring that
he presonl controversy may be arnica
oly atljti'ted,' and tho government or
an of this morning, reitpnlingsjhslan
ially tho declaration ot tho President, i
strongly inclined to hopa for an arnica
)Ie settlement.' Yet how cm any such
'anvcible' adjustment he anticipated, If
the President, as ha undoubtedly is, be
sincere in denying Hut 'ihe tills of i
Great Jritam to portion of the lerrito
ry is vilid, tho U. S, lo the wholo tor
rilor' that any attempt to refer this
question lo arbitraiors 'would only in
volve it in new difficulties' that .'ihe
d. S. hol'l Ihe best title in existence'
that 'all its comma li ttii turbo lie
north of tho forty ninth paraltl'i ind
that the whole country is o important
to the commercial mieres of this couu
try, that its 'loss to the U. S. would be
No int"lligent individual, it rccms to
me, can carefullv pcrsue the whole of
of Uiis corrtspodence, without arriving
at the conclusion tint arbitration can
never bs remrtod lo, so long as Piesi
dent Polk is al the head of tho covern
montj or negotiation be resumed with
reasonable prospect of an amicable ad
jnstmenl. lo believe lo the contrary
would be to suppose that tho Execuiv o
would recedti from Ihe position which
he Ins so openly and decidadly assum
ed, or thai Great 27 iiain could bo in
duced to abandon aliogather Iho claims
which she has so strenuously asserted
during the last quiitcr of a centurv.
1 ne lettor of Mr UjLino lo Mr. Bo
chanan, is certainly of a character to
hoiv that ho consideis the warlike nron
arjiioiis oi ureal jjiiisiu as Having on
'indirect reference to iho possible con
i iiijfjenc v ol a rupture' between the two
And such, it appears to bo the uni
veml impression lieie.is tho natural in
ference to be drawn from tho conversa
i i on between Mr. iloLmo and Jjord
Abeideen, though the 'Union' does not
'seriously apprehend wa'and intimates
i hat 'our administration do not record
he letter of Mr. M-Lmo as s sieual
of impending hostilities. It would seom
to indicate a verv poor opinion of tho
firmness and energy of the Z?Wlish gov
emmcnt, to suppose that Iho 'coursa of
measures now under r.onsuiorsiion in
Congress' can bo 'boldly and actively
pursued,' Iho 'nollco given provisions
nuuc mr tno 'exicnsion ol nur laws lo
he region beyond the Itocky Mottn
aln?,' and for such warlike prepn rations
is become a wise and energetic people,'
ind yet lead lo peaceful result.
the coutessedly 'concilatorv lone'
maintained by the government of Great
ntuin would seem rather l06lren'then
than weaken this impression. It is
certainly ihe prevailing belief here Ihai
England is preparing in maintain her
supposed rignis lo Oregon, and that in
he language of Mr. McLane having
placed herself 'in complete armor.'
h(ui!d she fail lo effccl n compromise.
which sppears to be inevitable, 6he will
ihcn'pomplly and vigorou-ly cxerl hei
utmost power to infl cl thu utmost inju
ry upon our coun'ry and all its intrresis,'
jnd lhat her aim 'will be to Ftnko the
heaviest blow at the commencement, in
the expection of being thereby enabled
to shorten the duration of the war.'
Under the impression, it rmpcars also
to he the prevailing belief, that the bill
of Mr. Fairfield has now fair prospeel
of receiving the sinciion of the Senate-
and that it woud ihen pass the House
by a largo majority there exisls not the
shadow of a doubt, The debate on this
question will now be looked to with un
usual interest,&as theOrcgou resolutions
of Mr. Allen also come up for considera
'I'.. ...I... ... : :. . .
mi, un lucsuKv. un txciumr weeu
may be anticipated.
It is a cuiious fact, that the resolutions of
MriJangum in Iho Senate, and of Mr.
'I.I n..i r . ..
i uumas nutter iving in ttie House, intro-
iluceu soma two or three weeks staco are
in nearly the precise terms of Mt Paken-
nam's proposition to arbitrate.
Important from Mexico,
Piomtlie 4obila Daily Adtertiter, Feb. 3.
We are indsbtcd to our friend nfihe Her
ald unit 1 nbuna for flio peiusal of a letter
from Pctiiacola, written on Ujturday lust,
nom wnicn we isarn lhat the U. a. brig
Sqmers had jutt airived a) lhat port from
. ... ...lujiiiij, i iii iuri j ii t inteillo
genre that Gen. Arista bad doehred against
the rateues Government, and in favor of
the restoration of llerera; that throughout
no Kouiury iiib people were oignuzing in
"Pjiqsiiiuu io me present AUniinisiraiion
oaiyiiuig m u icufuii, Hieir urenu nl war
anil blood shed regretting their having per
milted Paredes to overthrow ihe Herrera
nuiiiiiiiairBiiuu. nr. onueii was still a
J.alapa, wiMt brightening prospects,
.Such is'thn brief and hastv account fnrn.
ished by the Herald's correspondent, who
wroie just as tno man was leaving, with
promiso to furnish full particulars in anoth
er lelor. From the naltiro of the intelli
gence we infer thai Ihe people of Mexico
are nrti prepared lo encoun)er u
the United Stales, and that lhat ill-fated,
country is on ihe eve of another lovoltt-
"muni wituoct rEAn
s.tTUiu.iv, raniti.'iitv i t, i8io.
Jf e havo omitted through inadvertency ,
to mention in connection with the Com
missioners statement the act, (hat tho in
debtedness of L, B. Rupert hss beer, paid
in full, since the Auditor's settlement.
Tho Resolution giving noico lo Ureal
Britain of the abrogation of the treaty for
the joint occupancy of Oregon, passed the
House of Representatives on Monday last,
by a vole of 1GG to G4.
Gov. SluuitVs Veto.
Wo publish this week the veto of Gov.
Shunk upon the Bill to incorporate llieAroi
strong county Bank. It is a document that
does the governor great credit, &wo recom
menu it to mo attentive attention ut our
readers. We are glid Iosco iho Governor
taking ground again3t the increase of Bank
cspuai in in mis state. Mini increase is
unnecessary and could only result in dan
gerous couscquences. The people of the
Stats ran rest satisfied there will be no new
Banks created while tho present honest
Governor holds the chair of State. Good!
'Clio Danviilc Democrat on Be
The Danville Democrat, judging from an
editorial in its columns last week, has had
its sense of dignity greatly outraged by
iprxio re narks made in Congress by Felix
Grundy MtjCpnnell, of Alabama, in reply
to a sort of mongrel whig and abolitionist.
from the state of New Vork by tha name of
Culver. It heads an article on the subject
with the caption of 'm Loco-foco Decency,'
just as if a parly was accout.tablo for the
vagaries or oddities of an individnr.l mem.
ber. Our neiflbboi cooa on to aav: ' dur
ing tho dcbals on the Oregon (juration in
the House of Representatives,' &c. ffon
it happens lhat it was during tho considera
tion of tha bill to establish noil routes in
Pexas; a mcasuio indispensably necessary.
and which no one was foolish enough to
make a speech about, except litis Culver.
O'ur'neighbur was very careful not to give
Culver's speech to which iiJcCinnell re
plied. It is about the moanest speech ever
delivered in Congress, not even rxc'cptinp
Joshua R. Giddings negro harangues, and
it merited the reply given lo it by the west
ern oddity Felix Grundy McUonnell, who
is a sort of Davy Grockcu without his le
Our ncighbor-of the Democrat is crriainr
Iv rendcrintr himself famous for nnuccm
paiagraphs. Like a venctnous little foreign
er he appaars inclined to nit tho licks into
tho naughty natives of this country for their
uncouth manners, so different from those ol
the polished and courtly subjecu of eastern
monarchy. .Ha sp'uttors away upon the
discovery of a plain republicanism of ex
pression, or a lack of ' black-letter learning
in our citizens, as if the salvation of tin
country depended upon his letting nil' i.
criticism upon the occasion. He is miilr
persuaded withal, that 'all the decency and
all'ihe learning,' as ilia saying is, belnng lo
the political party of which he is a member,
and do not exist with the opposing one.
WhenPrcsiilentPolk put forth a message to
the peoplo of tha Union, amung other thingf
distinguished for the purity of its style a
messnoo complimented for its literary mer'u
even by opposinp journals abroad theDan
villa Democrat pronoutjces'ii ' verbose I'
When from the far-off Oregon there is for
warded to Congress a memorial for protec
lion to its solders against British and savBgr
hostility for the extension of our laws
thitherward and the formation of a territori
al government the Danville Democrat is
hoiribly shorked because some of the sign
era make their mark, instead of writiny
their names in full in good copyplate hand,
or Hessian hyeroglyphics. Wo aie remind
ed by this of a revolutionary" anecdote,
which we will repeat in this connection.
During lhf war, while it raged in Iho Caro
linas, Colonel Tarlelottj one of the most ac
tive and daring officers in the British army,
was defeated at the battle of Cowpcns and
his disordered troops were hotly pursued
by tho American cavalry, Co!onol Wash
ington during the pursuit, overlook Tarleton
and came very near taking him prisoner.
In tho encounter between them, Col. W.
by a swoid blow cut off some ofTarlelon's
fingers. Some time afterward, Tarleton, who
was of n men spirit, being in a company
of Indies wheie Colonel Washington was
remarked thai ho understood
thai Col. Vt was a man of no learning and.
couW not even write his own name, "I'm,"
saiu one of the ladies, 1 tail J luluvc, sir,
tjoxt can testify that he is able to make hh
mark.' Poor Tarleton, says the. historian
looko 1 at his fingers and bit his lips will
rage, wo imagine mat in case ol a wai
now, theso ssmo back woodmen of Oiegon
will teach the English and the Whig edit'
Itors on this side the water, thai they tin
ilcrsttnd nukinp their mark, as did their
Rorolutionaiy fathers. The hardy pioneer
who goes with his axe and rifle into thu wil
derness arid by his induslrinns and patirn
toil makes it to bloom and lilo.om as tltr
rose, iny nut be sis polite or as learned
he editor of the Danville Democrat, bul hi
think it quite a useful a citizen and quite
We confess we loose nil patlrnco with
this evetlasting sneeriug, sometime.? opon
and sometimes disguised, at the intelligence
of the massos, by lug leaders and newspapers-
Aid thpn, when they are directly
taxed wiih it, how sturdily they will denj
' The fast friends of monopoly ant)
worshipping the dollar with unflagging de
votion, thry pruftas an f special kindness
for Ihe poor. Contemning the sound and
sagacions intelligence of the masios in all
their thoughts, they make appeals and
court favor in that direction. But fortunate
ly , they usually gat thumped at (lie billot
box in a way to rebuke their inconsistencies
and to difeat their puipussa
'JUiw and orlcr
Our political oppononla profess to be
groat sticklers for 'law and order.' We
tiava noticed a nmn ber of instances, within
alow yearj, of such professions from theiri
but it has invariably oeen, when il would
work lo their political advantage. In the
cacs of Rhodo Island the extension of the
right of suffrage would increase the Demo
cratic vole in that Giale, and so tho Whigs
ranjjed themselves into a 'law and order'
parly under the old charier of Charles II to
oppose .innovation. At Ilarrisburg in 1830
ilisy were loud advocrie3 fui 'lav and ol
der' bacauso returns from. PlnlitielDhi
county, handed in by the Secretary or the
Commonwealth givo them a majority in
tho Legislature. And this loo when thcyl
knew that they had been beaten in Phili
delphia county at the balloJ box and that the
oxpressed will of tho people would bo out
raged by their proceedings. They were
advocalaj of 'law and order' uhen they la
bored to smuggle tho Now Jersey members
into Longrets itndei she 'brmd seal' of that
Slate, when they knew that they had been
defeated at the ballot box by ihe people
And we have another easii in Cungiess
this winter Mr. Bmckenbrntish wat
elfcled from Florida, but n all the icturn
Irom the St.ito did not come in within 30
dijs, Cabell tlio Whig cundidato gets
ceitthcatn of the votes received, puis on to
Washington and lakes a seat After an in
vesiigation and finding that Brco!:ei,brof gl
is elected the louse of Repretentsiivef
havo cent the 'law and order' gentleman
home and admitted Ihe man whom the pen
plo had chosen. Yes, the Whigs mnko t
L'rcat noise about 'law anil order' when
they can get a seat in Connies i or in a
fiogislature orl;eep the political power of
Suto in limit funds by it, but we hear
nothing of the kind when they can make
no capital or reap no advantage out of tin
At the Court of Quarter Sessions in
Chambersbtirg, Pa,, last week, four persons
vera convicted of publishing an nnony
mnm nniln, ..nllaif tJ.inl ' in 1. i A I. I i
.UIIVU A Ulll.ll, III IIIIMI lllji
characters of some of the citizens weie
handled rather roughly. One of them was
fined S50 and costs another 015, and two
others 010 each.
We see it elated in an English paper.
that 17,000 sacks of sawdust nrs consumed
annually, in London.for stuffing dolls alone.
Also, that one toy manufacturer has been
known to purchase three thousand potiniU
wntth of doll's eyrs'at one time that one
hundred and elevon persons aro constant!
employed In tho manufactory, in making
small sized donkeys and, that as miu;h
limber is 'annually consumed in matting
wooden horses for children to ride upon a
would be required in a first rate shin of war
This is certainly doing a large business,
though It bo (or small m tiers.
Be content as long as your mouth is full
and your body warm remember tho poor
kiss tha pretty girls' don't rob your
noighbnr's hen roost never pick an editors
pocket, nor have an idea that ho is coin"
lo treat kirk dull caro to tho deuce-
black your own boots, and pay for your
Another ft evolution In Mexico. Tutu
tan declared Independent, We aniiounr .1
a few days ago, on the authority of a !'" r
from Cainpeachy, to the Spanish paper nl
New Orleans, thai a revolution viae con
tcrnplaled nl Yucatar. in consequence of a
repudiation, by die Mrxicn Government
of the treaties entered into uiih Yucatan
by Santa Anna. Later intelligence shows
tiat province has absolutely durUred itself
independent of the Mexican aiiihn:itv, in
iMnsrqnonco of the bid faith of that gov
ernment, and is now a soparato republic.
i'ho intelligence is convoyed in a letter
Ifoin .Manila thu Capital, January 1st, and
addressed to tho New York Herald.
Yucatan is no longer a m of tho dex
iwn federation. Yesterday the 'Assem
bled Dvpartmentali' pronounced against
iheir existing form of government, anil
have recalled thu deputies in llic Mexican
The Mexican eagle has been lorn frnm.
their banner, and replaced by the stars of
1813. They havo jonn back to the old
stale of things, as they existed before tho
treaty with Mexico The cause of ihe nip
tuie is this same treaty; a resolution having
been '.nlrodured and carried, in the Mexi
can chambers, for a revision of said cstab
Incident upon this lis been, the resigna
tion of ibn Governor of the Department,
Dot? 'Libttrcin Lopez and bis pi.icc U filleil
by 1igtiei B.irbachanoi formerly holding
the s.tmc ofilco.
Tho feeling against Mexico, and the state
of things in Mexico, has been, for a lonj
time, silentiv running in the u'tiler current
waiting but for sufficient cause to put itself
forth in bodily shape. Aexico, at usual,
hss shown bad faith towards this section of
the confederacy. 1oxico, by her treaty
with Yucatan, was bound to admit at her
ports of entry all productions of said dc
pnltnenl duty free. Gradtul infringement
lOtlk pl.ice against the oasis end letter nf tn
treaty the Custom icfusing lo comply
therewith. Reclamation was made by tliu
2ivnrnment of the Department to the gen
eral government, which met with no reply;
In this stale of tilings came casual intclli
geuce by the steamship Gaudaloupe,hicl
puriu nl Laguna, of a minor at the capital,
that negotiations were on font to hypothe
cate the customs of Yucalnn, lo thu Eng
lish, which, probably, wa3 n rtrse, to terri
fy the Ytiaatococi into couipli.iuco with
their desirca. This heightened the feelniL';
thon cntno tho resolution for tho burst for
tho rowsion of a suleitinlymade treaty, and
the fire burst forth. Whnt will be the entt
of tho business God o;dy knows.
Yucatan is one of the finetl provinces in
ilexico. Its population is neaily 000,000.
which is exceeded by only three other de
partments on', of the twenty two composing
.tie whole country.
A Maj WITH 1'15 CiltLDtlEX. The
Worchesifr Shiohl, piiblinhi'd at Sn.,vv
Hill, Atyland, gives the following ac
count of an extraordinary man nosv It v
i ti g in Somerset county.
'There is at this time, in the neigh
borhood of Somerset counly, Mi.j a
gentleman named Nelson, in his 91 -t
year, who has 145 children, grand chil
dien and greni-graodchil.lren ,now living
wilhm the pound of his voico tn his.
own larguige, 'he can Mand at Inn dour
on a.caltn muniing, and ntike every one?
hoar him wiilthe exception of llnee.'
lie turtle!' ;ny.'i, inanouing whit has o'
cured, 'if ' his I f j in spared, five (&i
lougfi, hetvill im'e 200 iiiMi-ad of 1-15
collateral, itrnn il.altly around h;m.
U-. jet retains tho vigor and activity of
youth is fund of sporting, anil often ji.
mui' s hints II lay hauling tin seine
nil aiimHiini" MhimIs for hours wjiu
leop in tlif vizier without , x poi-ien ci i j;
my had effect fiom ti, H lost his wifo
about ihreu winteis ago, with whon ho
had lived in happy wedlock -ID years.lt
has heen 20 years sinco lie has had any
-ickness and 40 years since ha has re
quired any physician for himss'lf. Ho
is quite a monument of Antiquity , lining
peil'er'ly familiar with the scene of tht
Revolution, during which lime he wa
engaged in the then prnfiiablti hu-iness
of oystcring; ami supplied Dep. Wash
ington's table with oysters at Mount
Vernon, until his death. He has frr
quen'ly been in his house and received
Ihe money for Ihe cargo from the great
man's own hand. He savs it was his
custom never lo buy less lhan 0 hush
els, part of which h s neighbors would
gel from him.
A law has passed the LcuMaluro of
Indiana which virtually abolishes capi.
tal punishment.lt allows the jury to say
in their verdict, whether Iho ulTondur
shall tuiTernlcath or bo imprisoned for
James Hoban, 3sn , ihe otlomev of
the U. S. for the Distitct of Columbia,
died on Monday evening, al Washing'