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The Columbia Democrat. (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1837-1850, May 23, 1846, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85025180/1846-05-23/ed-1/seq-2/

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pf4Unt to ral6 volunteers for a
.... .n.itm from sunnort H9 this. I
very rospeclfully.-your obedient servant,
Z. Taylor,
Brevet Bilgadior Gen. U. S. A. Comd'i?
.. 'Tho Adjutant Geneul " or the Army
"Wajhiii2ton D. C. .
The Picayune argues thnt the Mexican!
:have boon urged on in this attack on Hen
Taylor by foieigners. and thnt Hie .Mexican
fort of Sin Juan du Ullna is filled with for
eign onginecrs, and llie army nov this side
of the UioGrandeis accompanied by French
English and other artillery-men. It lo
gives the following translation of a procla
matton which Ampudh has found means
of distributing in the American camp, by
way of letting Ihcit readers into the secre'
unrviro of tho war now waging-
The Commander-in-Chief V the Mexican
Jlrnvj to the MgUth and Irish under
. .. . . r, 1 ''...
(he orders of the American uciicrm uy
ur: Know Ye: That the Government of the
United States is committing repeated acts
of barbarous aggression agsinst the mag
nanitnous Mexican Nation; that the Gov-
vernmiurl which exists uno'ei 'the fhg ol
the stars' is unworthy of the designation of
Christian. Uncollect ihal yon were bom
in Great Britain! thai the American Gov
ernmontlo'ik with coldness upon the pow
ful flag of St. George, hiiiI is provoking to
i rupture the vvailike people to whom it dc
ongs, President Polk boldly manifesting
r desira to take possession of Oregon as lie
us already done of I'cxas. Now, then,
como with all confidence to the Mexican
ranks, and I guarantee to you, upon ray
honor, good treatment, and that all your
expenses shall be defrayed until your arri
val at the beauiifu) capital of Mexico.
Germans, French, Poles, and iudividual
of other nations! Separata yourselves from
the Yankees, and do not contribute to de
fend a robbery and usurpation which, be
assured, tho civilized nations of Europe
Innk unuii with indiiitiation. Gome there.
New Orleans Ma Odi.
determined to open communication belweenl
Point Iiabcl and tho army opposite Mala
..... ...I..l. I... f... ....... .1 ..... linnn rill
. t1. j llllllus, willow lids iui ouuiu uo, a l. ...... -
ieventy Mr,, Cut to Puces by a large force by
p3ic.iica,isl 'Gallant Walker, whose horse was shot
The schooner 'tury Clare' has just ir- fr()1) UIjer nn altj ,j1B oss 0f ,jx 1Cn.
rived from Urasos S3..l.agu, having left on MlKelller and Ua,cllff Me two umong
,ha 20ih ultimo. 0. plain Onllm, of ihol w ,,.'', uili:
ny G. and passengers, report ihal Captain the six mtn of Oapt, Walker s party kill
Walker.with 75 men of the 'Texan ilan-od, whilst forcing their way through the
ers were nearly all killed and taken pris- Mexicans to the United Slates camp.
neron ihe 2Sih ullim.i, about 20 miles , (jur troops tiro in fine spir! s. The min
ibovo Point Ubl, by a up-nor forco of ,', nrn nlobjw on his
Mexican troops, consisting olso.no "'.' nJ,v' 0W i rjji.
(Juntnin 1I'Aipt succeeded in reachinir CAN KILLED, and he by a shell. Tin
Point Isabel iU 4 o'clock. P . on the 28ih
with THREE MEN ONLY! He imme
diately applied lo jnjni 1'linmss for four
men, announced his determination to pro'
works were so n'oll constructed that
tMcxican shot could not injure them.
In tho battle, MAJOR RINGGOLD, ol
d in Ueneral Tavlor's camp, or die in, tho Artillery, COMMANDED THE A
the attempt his oh'ect being to communi ftJElClCAN CA.1P, opposite Aalamoras.
cuo the full particulars of this iltaek, with- jrjg ,0 6ngagcment.
out delay, to his commanding officer.
From the Hio Grande direct. The
tr!inmiMr Rtnnlrft. Ojoiaiii Collins, arnved
On the morning of the (lib, provions to
Iniiwrinrn nf ilm Now York, n heavy canon-
ihis morning from aialanioras, whence Mi ,. . , 6UPposfld to bo another
uav , " ...
.... .1. Qil, .,f nrll llm C.I mil
su.ina in, .... ... ; - . , , ifuvl..n
l.i.L ..... ni.a i, it I HI Nillllhl'Ill niir IS anui.i in .u.
Ill Wllllll uui ai,fiw- .a - r
the U States
rameilown. Captain C.illnn report liutrnops oppnsue ainsmnras.
tiix niloi told him that on llie 27ih a com- rpr0tJi the Galveston News of the 8ih inst.
pany of Mexican drucoons crossed llie river, w, (Je Taylesr lefi Point Isabel,
' . I I (!.. 'I'.il.,r'a Iriinna.l ' .
r.h:.u.. . r z ; ; " ; hc was nD( .i.c ,i..hte.i doubt he wou.o
ail i ujiiuii;u iui. mi9u.i.i e
with stores. This is prnuaoiy nniy a vur
sion of Iho affair beiweim llie Mexicans and
Captain Thornton's liltlo command, iV.
1 . Jldvertiw.
Ft urn Point Isubcl.TUa Nmvpori
News publishes the lollowing cxirjcts Iroio
lettor from I'oiut isuiei, wnii'u ruuu.
some new facts, and give encouragement to
hone thai the small force there would be
able lo maintain itself until the arrival
Point Isadcl, Texss, .tfpril 27. 184G.
Miior Monroe has received orders lo nigh'
tiy express, lo spare no exertions to make the
Mence or this p'aco complete. s
lefend it lo llie lait. Wo luva 10
brass 0 poundars, two long IS div, and two
liios i!uns fur attilliiry, ail ol wnicii are
Wa have a force, ir ncd to llir
eeih, of '150 men
Willi these we cou'd hoh! the pnsl a
fore, and array ynurelves under the Iri-col Lrainsi at least MOO, with tho ad van uses
....i n,., i ,i, nnnrlftncB that ilio G'od ofM'e Have over inem, ive nave i"ui.....
Armies protects it, and that it will protect
you equally with tho English,
Pi:dro De Amfudu.
FuancUoo R. Monr.?,o,
Aoj't of iho Connnaiidur.in Chief.
HeadQuarters upon th Hoad lo Matamoras,
April 2d 1840-
have out his way to the entrenchments
through vastly superior numbers of die en
emy, who were known lo be posted in large
forces among Iho almost impassable thicket
f the chapporals on the road, with i deter
mination to cut him off. The number oi
Mexican is tslimathd ai from 15,000 to 20,
ltaeems rsatonabli to suppose that a de
cisive am! gloriuiis bailie was fought yestcr
lay, and we wail with painful anxiety to
hear the result.
AN .'iCT providing for the pronmilioi,
of the existing war btmveen the Uni
ted Slates and the Rr-public of Mtxi
iiinnlv of nnivder and nnlU. of all kinds
. .. I ...
provisions lor at leasi i years, ami waitir m
ibnndance so that tliey cannot siarve us
out, iho only way for them to do it, ii to
uke us by surprise or siurnv tSiva u
daylight for it, and wo will imvc them r
cordial a tecuouon as tncy cuuit! desire.
April 28. Last nigut tne I-'rr uoai
broke adrift from iho Mexican side, aid
floated over opposite the piquet guard. One
Tlv i'i atri. tiffiuer of llie L'liard fired on him, he then
-.t'r.l.n.rh...i.M P.l!enml Clara, tfjnl. turned, and got a party of eold.Prs in
, , o , . boil lo takp her, bill the litt-oieiiant gnve
CnfTit, from the Urazis Si. hgo. Recounts I , fwU a d)efl ufl)l)ck ,, uM) ,oy
from Point Ijabcl to tho mornig of the 20th WL,r8 ii tn fi (jack with one kilUd and a
ult. hive heen received humber wounded. Thu vnu see llie grad
The fast, however, tfut communication ual approach of a gnncial right.
hat! not been had for three days between
'Onf Isabel anil the Camp of Gen. Taylor
is nlone sullicient to keep anxiety on tip
Wo learn from Capt. G. and Dr. Briggs
passenger, who has been several months
wilh the army, that Oapt. Walker, former
ly of the Texan revenue service who has
been stationed between Point
We lake tlio following important news
fiom tho Philadelphia Ledger Exlra ol
. . . Wednesday. It was Telegrapiied from
frashinglon to Balnmoro, and brought bj
special express to Philadelphia
The news was received at New Orlean
Gen- Taylor's camp wilh a company of 21
Texas rangirs, found severa of tho teams
.il,itli li.t, I nlo.lnrl mm ll,A )!nt t.r tliu
, , , by the slaamship New 1 ork, and Bent In
camp were returning, who repotted that ' . ... . , . .
1 nvnriitr, tn ftlnhlln wnrn ,1 nvnrlnn : III
the Mexicans were on the road. He start
ed from his camponthe27ih wilh his whole
tnrmn in mcnnnnilrn. nnrl if rin(ttlili nnnn n
. . . , r, , . '. .vindicated with an inferiority of forces so
communication with Gen. laylor. He had ,. . , ...
... , . .: . uisproporuonaie as
, Ideepest anxieiv for Gen. Taylor and
IJi.irtl Idahal QnH Inn ntni mlian an ntfda I
win j u w w i umu ihu uatii tiicil Qll JB"
whulmingMfxican force appeared very and
dtiily. A poilion of his tioops were raw
F . . . ...
recruits. Lie insiruceu inem 10 Keep or.
express to Mobile, where it overtook the
The fume of the Ameaican Army signolly
Igilhnl band. They have gained a gicat
Ulnrious, a noble, a triumphant victory"!
The following report is from Cnpl, Wal
Ins riRhl, and gave orders lo the whole to ... . . , ...
, . , ... It'll tIJK Will .,., U, 4 ,11 , UUIil tIC (111
rnre undercover of a chapperal in view, , ,
hut his raw troops, panic stiicken, scattered . . TV , , . .
. . ' 1 hrBgement had taken placo between the
in cnnlusuin; ,,, ,c , ... . -
,,,, ,, , . ., ciiiieu oiaii'i anu piexican mrces. ucn
I he Mexicans advancing with over- . . . . . .
a Inrnl I avlnr nn ,1ia AvAninrr nf lla U.I ,n
... . . .. ....... I ,w, w.. l-.l... mie: UI ,JV o V. Il
.,rli pi in I n rr rimnliprB lip m a nAmn.1 ..1 In - "
b. . . " -""'1'-"-" U.nnt. left the rnlienoliment with ileinnh.
. 1,. i . 1 1 . . . , ..i . i , - -
leiui.'. uu who huiiiwcu uhui wunin o . f IT .. , 0. . ,
r i,iii ..,. i.. ....... mBl" ' u,",cu olal" ,roP' Ior ,tle P".
.III1C VI A Ullll I0PMUI, niibtu , OIKTOU VTlllll f . , ,
. ... o ,i , pose or opening a communiceiion between
u v,cl. ... pointabelnndlho entrenchments.
fiiinnl!' rtiniA in 1
I On thr mnrninrt nf tm .-fit. intlint ilm
' I MPYlfftfl. ItlUintT D(!v!.ntarro nf Ins ohinnra
cans he encountered iificen hundred, and . . . ,.''., '
tin annnnr.HA that at loud lliirl-m nf ih m rl 1 1 '
during the fiftceu -minutes ..which he en- !h! en,re"";nly 'J'' w BBllanlly re- fiKC,p, ai ,0 clolhing and py, placed on
, i,.m ,ur"ed y ne-Umnd States I mops, and in the s,me footing Willi similar corns of
te 15 lihirv minntrii tlin-. itio n n Un t
I his force to Biippoecd to bo a portion of . ',; . :, , ,,, , . ,
thai which had at Inst accounts cruesod the csj
llio Grande some 20 or 25 miles above! ., . ... ., ,
wii mid iiiuiiiiii ui iiiu tf .ll, llir uiuuglliur
Vhcrea?, by the act of tho Republic
nfMrtxiro. war exists blwcen tn.n
overnment and the U. S
JJe it enacted by llie St'nale andlloiiFc
f Representatives of ihe Uniied S'sIps
f America in Con;r?s s.emhleil,Tht
or ilif pinposn of embling ihc Govero-
nieot of Ihe Uoiii-d Sides lo proecu'i
id wir to a speedy and successful ter-
fninaiiriM. the I'resn ent lie. anil lie i
3 '
nert-hy, atithoiizfd to employ llie mii
in n,t'il. uiiil milinrv force of tho U
nifru-t'-ifrvB'""t"' cifrror-amr' arccpt
ihe services of ny numhfir of volunterrt
not txcoHdinp fifty ihouiuid, who may
(Tr 111 oir services, either as csvalry.
rnllery, or riflem'!!, to cervo twelve
months sftfr they shall have arrivfi! hi
he plsci of rendrzvoti', or to (lii end
if Iho wir, unlp'S sooner di'.eliared.
ipconliag lo iho time for which thej
.lull have heen rniis'eteil into sfivic-,
mil llist tho sum of ten million nf IdI
MS out of any money in the Tressiirj
ir lo come into the Tieasury, not other
vio Appropriated, he, and the same it
hereby, appropriated, for the purpose ol
carrying the. provisions ofthis act into
Sen. 2. .tfnd bo it further enacted,
That the militia, when called into ser
vice of the Uniied Stale by v'ulue ol
this act, or any oilier act, may, if in tin
opinion of the Pietident of tho United
States the public interest require it, be
compelled to lerve for a term not cx
cremng eix months, niter their arrival
at the place of rendezvous, in onu year,
unless sooner dischtiiged.
Si:c. 3. ond ho it further enacted.
That the said volunteers shall furnisl
t heir own clothes, and, if cavalry, their
own horses, and horse rquipments; and
when mustered into tervice, shall b
armed at the expense of tho United
Sec. 4. And be H further onscled
That said volunteers shall when called
into actual service, and while remaining
therein, be subjscl tn the rules and or
tides of war, acd shall be in all respect
and re gimonta, wliose officers slnll ue
appointod In the manner prcsbrlbed by
law in the seven.lSlatcs and Territories
which such companies, billallions,
&, fquit!rons,rcgiments shall respectfully
Sec. G. And bo it further enacted,
That tho President of the United Slates
be, and he is hereby, authorized lo or
ganize oompanics so tcnderi.ig their ser
vices into battalions or squadrons; bat
talions and squadrons into rcgimeuts;
etflments into brigades, and brigades
into division?, as soon as tho ntimoer oi
volume ers shall render such organizv
lion, in his judgment, expedient, and
iho Prcsidont shall, if necessary, appor
tion the staff, field, and general officers
among Ihe respective Stale anil Terrilo-
ic from which the volunters shall len
der their s. rvices, as he may deem prop
Snc. 7. And be it further cnactod,
That theVoluntoers who may he receiv
ud into the servico of IheUoitedSiales by
virtue of ilio provisions of ihio net, and
who shall he wounded or otherwise
lissbled in Ihe service, shall ha entitled
o oil the benefit which may he confer
d on prnns wounded In the sorvice
of the United Slalos.
Sec, S. And ho it further enicted.
That Iho President of the Unind Stale
he, and hu is hrroby, authorized
forthwith to complete all th ptiblir
urnied vessels now authorized by law,
md lo purchase cr charier, arm, equip
ind man such merchant vessels and
steamboats as.upon examintion,may be
found fit,or easily con verlpil into armc!
nublio vess'Is, and in such number
m ho may deem nfieesry for the proiec
ion of the seaboard, Ukp com ,($ the
ienrral defeip of the country.
Snc. 9. .7o he it further pnneled.
Thai, whenever Ihe militia or voluntprr
,iro c.illpil and received into Ihe servic
of the United Stat?, under Iho provis
ion of Ihis net, ihry sha'l hivo Ihe nrga
nizilion of thr army of the UoiledStile.
md sh ill have tho ssnn pny and allow
iocoj: and all mounted privates non
commissioned olficers. shall ha allowed
tO cents per day for tho use and risk of
horses actuilly killed in action; and
any mounted voltintepr, non commi"ion
d officpr, muicisn or privale, shall not
?rj,-fT-m-rf tv ,,,cii- Mil" Forvici-a
file horse, f aiu volunlcer srall serve on
lallboalwar. And if any person of fornisn glrl-and he will find hundred, f
either nation shall take such commissions
or letters of marqu(, he shall be punish
ed as a pirate'
Yours' very i especially,
James Huciianas.
Edward K. Collins, Eq.
Gen. TAVton. Jh officer in tho ar
my gives the following description of
Gen. 'laylor.
On the 27ih, a friend of mine visited
Gen. Taylor in the c.imp at Point lsatioi
wheio he had established Ins depot foi
stores in the at my. On landing, the
cent presentud was quite a wild one,
ind reminded one of the accounts v.
avo received of an Atab encampment.
Phere were Ihrco or four dragoons in
the rBinp,wilh their hoisis picked about
Resides an immeusa number of wagon
mules and oxen. On slopping ashore,
an officer conducted my fuend lo Ihe
General's tenl. He was introduced to
very pUin shibbily dres'ed old gonili'-
inm. of rather small statue, about six'
atu nCann. and wlio looked, by ll
. ... u w. . .
I,nltf huh ninncr. as II 10 had liceii
"J II -
cam ping out oil his life.
TM wai iho CommJtider in chal ol
llie iimy of Occupation. lis lias been
3S year3 in service on tne itonneis o.
our country. Uuo ol his oincera iemri'
pd,that 'old as he in, he bears the f.
inues and privations of Iho campug'
ettf r than any one under liini. IL
was affjbl, dignified, and in e xcellen
pirils. His lent was no lamer and n
heller tlnn those of ihe oilier oflicers
nd his table was his camp chesi, 'u
hii-h h carried lii-f cookinz llntonsiU
His (.lairs were liu pans, and In
upi (no saucers, nf cnurs-,) iin pinni
;in. Ismail siipplv of brown Ftigai
was kept in a tin canaster, anil not
niece of crockery was lo ha seen,
party of six was thus cntcrliined
homely style, anil they all sepmrd
rnjoy it abundantly. Iho UoiledSiate
force Hi the limn consisted of abmi
smn men. Our il. I am told, was
never Hoisled South of iho Neuces h
Privates. The untivonhle state
ur relations with Mexico, naturally
isisos Ihe inquiry among ship owers and
underwriter.", how far they are liable to
offer from Mexican nrivileers in cast
ictiial war should eniuc. It may Fafrly
hp aumrl lint in llie caso runno-ed
ihc prlnciptl Mexican coiut cnn-.tanly
WHlehi'd by cruisers. lisides. Mixico
has few seamen and fewer vesipls. liul
has been suid that swarms of priva
teers would issuo from Ilavanna, undei
Mexican Hcenso, to prty upon our com
merce. 1 lie following correspondence
will show that Sp onlsh suhjecls engaged
n such s business, will be liable lo be
treated os pirotcs,bolh by their own gov
rnmcnt and ours.
New York. 13th May, 1846.
E. K. Collins, Esq Sir Ala meel
ng of the Uudei writers this morning, I
was directed to ask of you llie publico
ion of ihe letter received by you fiom
tli( Hon. James 7?uciianan, conimnuica
ing the suhsla nee of theTrenty belwepn
Matamoras, anil which ie estimated nt SOOO
T. ;. t...i:.....i .i. . .. . . .
jiicii, l a ugiiuvcu nm mey usu tauen u
circuitous route, on the caelum aids of Gen
Taylor'e Camp. Tha posi is very 6ironglv
defended, thanks to the exoniona of Majors
IMunroe and Smndere. With 500 mn to
tts AmCam tim urtnl It lo liuliriuurl ii I .
nade good against 3000 Mecioam, Thers a men' re,nf,,rcenien,s daly
ore now nboul 3000 Mexicans on the Amur- e3tPec,e"
jean tide of the Uio Grade, one half above Gen Taylor was to leave Point Isabel on
aaud one half bslow Gen, TaylcVs camp. he Oih inet.,1 with a dotaebmef)! of iropps,
amongsi ine iexicaus was tremendous- up
wards of 700 lay (load on the field of baiilo
and the number of houses loft in Matamoras
not sufficient to accommoda.e Ihc wounded,
Account says thai the numbor of Mexi
cans in and about Malmnorau was ostimnted
looting Willi similar corps
the Uniied Slates ai my : and, in Leu of
clothing, every notvcommlasioned offi
cer and private in any company who
may thus offerjliimself shall be entitled
when calUd into actual service, lo re
ceivo in money a sum equal to Ihe cost
of clothing of a nou commissioned offi
. . ... . j . . . ii
cer or private ia nc casn may oe i m
tho regular troops of tho Uniied Slates
Sec, 5. itfnd be it further enacted
That the said volunteers offering their
services shall be accealcd by the Piesi
dont in companies, iraJtsllionsj squadron
tho Unittd Slates and Soain, in
Inlion to Privateers nd Letters
Marque. 1 am very respectfully, youtc
b. Baldwin, Secretary
Washington, .-Jpril 11, 1810
My Dear Sir: In consequence of our
conversation a fow miuulcs since, Ilhinl
it proper to inform you, without deity
hat our Trraly with Spoin ef Iho 20:h
October, 1705, contains the fol'owing
jritcle, slue m force:
Art. 14- No subject of his Cathol c
Akjesty shall apply for or lake any com
mission of letters ot Marque, for arming
my ship to set as privateers against the
United States, or against iho citizens
people or inhabitants of any of them
Irom any prince or Slate with which
iho U S. fholl be ot war.
. .T .1. 1 1 .-. . . . I i
iui snau any cinzen, suujsci, or n
habitant, nf (he said United Slales,appl
lor or lake, any commission, or letioi
of marque, for arming anv ship or ship
to set as privateers against Ihe subject
.f i.!. n..i..i.. ti .i '
oi ma ivawioiic iwfljfljty, or tne properly
ol any ol tlicm, from Bny l'rince oi
Mate with winch tho said Kin
The followinc iutercstine letter of a very
tain naie trom " Monterey, CalifoniH. has
been received by llie New Orleans Pica
yune. It is sintco lo he from a most re
sectable source, and descrihes tho coudi-
i ion of things in thai country since the
iienple of California revolutionized the uov.'
eminent and ecnl Michelinrenu back lo
Monterey, California. Mairh (i, 1810.
Gentlemen I suppose your lint of cor
respondents dues not rxiriul as fjr west as
this cou try, but us in all vour tuners von
have- eonic inforinaiion respecting ono De
partment or othr of the Mexican Rcpnblir
oil may accept tome from ibis niuch-lalli-
d-of country. Sincu the f.imous haitle ol
Cajuanga, l-Vb. 20ih and 21m, 1815 lie-
t'veeu 500 Mexicans and Calif.iruians
when six unfortunate horses lost their
lives from cannon balls, the country lini
been w ithout wars. The Californians arc
pilinntly wnitinglfor the long-expected Gen,1
Yticstro and the thousand Iroops who hnvt
been living, or rather dying, u Acapulco
the last year. Several vessels have been
at anchor some months in ihal port, read)
to Itke on boatd the soldiers, nnd only wan
ing for one ariitln which is generally want
ed in Mexican afT-iirj. her rich mines not-
wiihsiniiding. Simiild Gen. Yuesiro uiJ
rive l.cie with ss fi.ir u proporiioo of ouxtm
is soldiers, he via;, be ttclcomcd, and his
welcome rry coniintie, il by some chance!
ilm Supreme Governnu'iit continuo bin casli
supplies, otherwise he will follow Gimer-
ils Victoria, Echcandia Chico, Gultieiez
and Michehorena, who, from somo reason
or other, which Mexico never inn.iirp.l
much into, luvo invariably found (heir waj
back lo San Bias or -ljziilau with then
iroops, without any expense to those who
cnt them lo Monterey, During the com-
mend of Gen Mirhelturnea, ho did oh
he was capable of to concilia;a the Califor
nium, sud often endeavored to prevent their
using the exprminn, Mexicans and Oalifur.
"iat.s, 'Are vo 'jot oneare wo not nd
Mexicutib?' he would observi, buui would
not do. Ili ledv, nnd those if Ilia nin
!., I
iii general, found themeelvcs ilirust out of
die society of the country, tlich presencr
noi being very acceptable and beforo the
bailie, some of thorn hid quji California in
disgust. So it was, and so it will continue.
I'hcruisbulono way for a Mexican to be
come profitable or aplesmily ectiled in iln.
nepaitmeitt. be ho general or soldier. ...
choir or ineichanlj he must ifinrry a Cali-
. i . . i
pretty ones no musi necoino nem 6n,j
lionrt aCallfornia.or ho belter toiurn whence
I'he sons of John Hull or his trantatUn,
tic grandsotiB, may emigrate to the 1 and
f promise, and fine! a homo here, bill n0
ilways enn a Mexican do so. In lact.Uai.
tforuia il n trouble, an expense and an c.
sore lo the mothsr counirj, and if iho n)
if Texas li'ia worn off her pride Mill'ieir-miy
he will sell il as soon as possible tien.
lieheliornpa and other generals who lmte
ommamh'd here havo spoken of il ns ft
in.y remedy fir peare and quietness. Not
real from the Cusloni House in Moniprf,
ever reaches the genoial treasury, and dn
order from the President himself on
Custom House for $1000 would not fcj
paid, nor could iho owners sell it fur a son.
1 here was one case where an officer v,m
ordtred lo Moneterey from Sou I!U,
received un order on the treasury nl Ca iinr.
nia for somo thousand dollars, beiiii. iri
linek pay for some lime, :i year or tu-ir.
Ho ofl'erei'. il in Monterey for S100 mi one
would purchasa. Ho in time married nn
one of tho ben families in Cnhfornia, ,,
40011 after collected the whole amount n
past mid present pjy and Iho ilr.ili m ,,
and now is a much esteemed citizen ol i,,
liouiitrv and in office.
From Sun Diego to Umlega U,n ciui.irv
is fust filling up. Milh are Iniiitln ji, ,rv
inventions are imported, vessels 3ie ,,
ing and in a few years ihc Paciii; j,i)rl
Mexico can be supplied uiili Cmium n
jchooners and brigs. .Mexico Ins n i ,Jh,
in the Pacific that can via ui,h ih.uo ,,
California in natural advant.igts, her ,i, ,
Pacific wharf is in Monterey, Tho 'i,,
dr. los Angeles has now a large p . , ,
many ol its citizens becoming wi , .
from their ranchos and vincyanls. Aulu
place enn be found excellent wine biui c,
guardientc, and tlio best grapm m ie
world. Some fifteen or twenty cii-i
ud gis can he seen mi a pa so m a r,.,
With all us natural vivaidy)-, Or- .
Iry could be still further sittv mi'.-) ii ,s,
icn would send llllher 200 goo I a.,, ,,
not vagabonds, -jlace them under tl.e in.
mand of the natives, and .'. nliuui I.. I , :
I'luin oiuu.iiud a j oar. i i.u m. i
would srton create amicjble f e e 1 1 1 1 .. im,i ,
the Supremo Gnvernmciii, an .1 nmiH . ( ..
will. Yiinri, I'av-a
Statement ; the shipping, Fnti'r..i !
Coastwise which entered
ihe year 1813
An crirau
(J ei in ill
Mo ui t'i
The number of the rrtws am! tli? n j
of loniiHue in the abova arc t x- .
vessels of war. ,Of the 58 vri-si s
nieraied, 5 were vessels, and ca,n i.t- :
vessels may be classified Ihiif; 23 li
Oarques, 8 brigs, and 10 scIiooih r
Although coulray lo tho laws nf M
liA CI...... 1 I r . .
v.u.nuur .iiiu grncr.HS OI Udlii n ,
fore tho indepemlriice of Mexico, md .
ways since ihal period, havo aliuunl i
coasting irade, from San licgo to K,,n i :
unco, lo all foreign vessels wluth line
their duly at Monterey.
Classification of JJniics received in i
Custom House uf California in Jam-
ret, in 1811.
From M.ixican vosels, pnaMwiso
Irom Shu Illas anil ,Jazi l,in S3 1U1 i
From American vet!ips. fr,nn ihw
UiiiieilSiams. &z S.,nihvich U
lands (joai
From two KusMnn vprscI, one
French and ono Hawainian
vrsatfl 13,211) (
Amount of Duties from Foreign an I X
toim hesscls, received in the Cu'r.
House of California, in Montcrev f
1638 0 181C;
esr f)i3 (
72,309 (
101. 160 '
73,729 i
62,000 1
78.73" 1
Average per year for7 years 85 i)
General Manuel Miclicliornoa.on l..
l.n .. r tt . . . .
ui) ui aicxico wiin the trnops fi n
ifuniii, was promised by Presidcm
Anna, in addition lo the icceipls of il1
in Monterey, 8,000 per month to eu,r
his army. During his command, in 161
18-13 and lBl-l.tiq issued drafts on the
torn House of Mazatian for about 3150,01

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