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I havo sworin.pon the Alter of Cod, otornat hostility to every fo?w of-.'ryrautly over tl.o Mlml of Man." Thomas Joflcmon
Vol tune X.j" BLOOSISBURG, COLUMBIA COINTY, PA. SATURDAY, NOVjEMBEI 7, 1840. O'umiiur tfl OFFICE OF THE DEMOCRAT. South situ: of Main, a ritw Douns bi: LOW MaKKET-STKUUT. JThe GOT. UMBIJ1 1) 1-hM OCR JIT will be published every Saturday morning, al TWO DOLLARS per annum payable half yearly in advance, or Two Dollars Fifty Cents,if not paid within the year. A', out, .', in, Up In1?i An n ctn.it.' veriod than nix months; nor any discon tinuance permitted,until all arrearages are disehargul. jlDVERTISEMENS not exceeding a square will be conspicuously inserted at One Dollar for the first thrceinserlions, and Twenty-five cents for every subse orient nser'tion. ICrJi liberal discoun made to those, who advertise by the year LK I TDllS addressed on uusincss,viust be post paid. From llio New Orleans Uoltu. THE LAST "SOVEREIGN. There is a spirit within, winch arrays Tim tiling we doal upm with colorings Richer than rose brighter thnn the beams Of tho clear sun at morning- Hurry Corn icvll. And well thus gift, may yc benr the thrill 0( Social sorrows and ideal wiong, TkeiEolion harp that heaven's puro bicezos fill Must breathe, at timee a melancholy gong. Good. GeorgoMdville was horn in Liver pool, some forty years ago, mora 01 les for we are not of that gu89ip class who nre nice to a fault, especially when fact! gt on the wrong sido of lime; and a the friend's eye may follow that sketch ing of incidents which shadowed Ins fat ly career, we would nut send him to the wife or glass to count wrinkles or grey It 3 i if t which ao beconnng'y adorn the upper man, or call to his mind an un pleasant thought bnt to establish and brighten the links of social joy. ILn ors and titles had been wreathed in the history of his fathers from William of Normandy, and family pride, in laltei d'jfs, had bound wisely to the wheels of fortune with the iron chains of pover ty, under which then descendants lan guished for many yoara, until an effort of enterprise on the pattoflho grand father ol Georg", broke on bonds with the restraints of rank which lay enwrap i : ,.. f il... Joiil tit- JJCll III UIO LCI CUICIHM UI U.tt MS...,!, connocling himself in commercial pur su to with a gentleman of wealth. 'I'lie litle.il merchant was never forgiven by the collateral branches, for having so demeaned himself no to prefer indepen dence and usefulness, to infilled dignity with the concomitant evils of indoleuct rind poverty; and his children were wont to look with regret upon what they unjustly deemed a stained escutch eon ; one, however, wisely followed io his father's path, believing in honest in dustry, peace and honor. The third genoialion were looking for fooling and nlace in the world, under the golden runners which nrosnerous vet-rs of la- ,bor had thrown over their house, when war was declared between Greal Britain and a giant child, that .springing to na tional stature tho nurseling of freedom her AiUmus arms already outstretch ing for the world's embrace in love and liberty, with sfongih beyond the pow er of Herculean tyrany to strangle. The effects of this, from tho peculiar relation of the anil's of the firm with the morran tile communities involvod in the putPjWcre iliastrotis;'he blast of the, war trumpet left in tho path oi its tempest breath, the piincely merchant un utlei wreck. George was old enough to have d faint perception nf thu change which wai's Mischance had wioughl fur him, but his was a sturdy notuie, and with the sanguines confidence of youth ho looked chett fully forward, (jiving mite of consolation to those who bowed beneath the siorm, as they resigned the f 98 who hjJ nell,f"1 helr r,"- Af" luxuries anil magniOco of their stately fruitless attempts Id obtain o her bu 183i .siness they left for Baltimore, where Tho Lll.cr. nothinn daunted bv the overwhelming calamity, no rr-giclling ihe gilded visions of the past, replaced by foreaching shadows, labored among the ruins to make ;hcnt go as fir as pos sible to meet the obligat ons resting up on hi) lair name, and to rebuild with fragments a more humble business - diopping fiom his canvas spread mer chant ships over the world, to Ilia sup ply of the daily wants of a .-.mall com munily. and thus was hu enabled io complete the education of his children, will provide nil necessai it g of lile for his family, retaining (ho u-cpect and l.iv of all who had known him as tho skill fill Mid liberal manager of capital lob oy the interests of millions of pound anil people, uuorge meiviiie, long befort fin it-'1 1 g ''is educatu n, had be come attached to a daughter of In faihei's partner ; the descent on oillx.i ndc had not made necessary any clmng in the s'yle of the original fit in so,witt he childien; what had beer, tho natui i 'esull of associate inUrests, became, ii he hour of afltclion, trat sympathy vhich builds love's temple in the heap, nd bnngt into partnership the joy, cares and anxieties ol tne. ineiiix r of Lucy Dirron (we do noi di.tenln her for she was nothing el.e ihan pet leci) had nut been able to hear up undo the reverse of fortune, and stink to bii rest with a broken head, leaving h. lamily to sutler the cumulating ills ol tho transition from one tx'rmiie to the. .ther, of ll.e vinaitude of life, until b he energy of Melville, enough was i rieved to mike a parlul snppori. Hi levoted lo tho family of hit li lends i pro rain interest in ihe pr. fit of lu- new businesp.- and the bleesing- of go. d learts followed him foi jireventiug tlx ears of widow or or phans. He cat i ii t into lile the spirit of Delta's sweet am iai py thought of kindnes'-: 'Speil liindly to thy brother man, lot ho l.a- many cares thou dost not know. " Oh. speak kindly to him! Per Inps n word from thee will kindle tlx ght of joy in his o'ershadowed heart, mil make his pathway lo the tomb . pleasant one.' It was nut thought pru dent that George and Lucy should bu u niled until the smiling of the b ttn days! but Geoige had determined lo make a bold cast for his lorlune in the New Woild, ami she was willing lo lol low wlaeio his spirit might lead, ami share his weal or woe. Z?ul thou, O hopo, with eyes so fdr, What was thy delighted iiieRanreJ' Still it whisper'd promised pleaeuie, And bade the lovely scenes at distance hail.' They were nurried; and, with the lervent prayers of paients, that tho ligh of heavenly love might bo cast on theii unknown path and mingle in theii heart's bfft.'ciioii!', tin y embarked foi Boston, where they landed in pafely in the spring of 1S23,io tiU Mx-ir first les ion in the nnliiiies ol hK 1 ney estab lished a echool in the city . and , through he jealousy of rival insl HiuionF, of pel hapj lets merit, and the fact of ihi n bt it'g slrangi'iH and foieignt r making H more dillicult to fNcne intt rest and .ib'ain ihr- cwiifxlenee neccS''ary loi sue cess, they fail d in thu undertaking. with the loss of most of the means which ihev hail nredictled upon i'; hi their heads did nol sink under the fust .i i L 1 1 1 U W or its gloom chase their spirils'lightiiess They visited New oi k for the pur nn.. nf making another trial, with ihounht thai ihe h.cal.iv and w isdom of Goiham would be more n.nmtious; bui their fi.st misfortune followed them as the t-liadow of evil, llieir cxtitionn were mel ny wanl t confidence, tatised by l,le incorrect .mil nnciiariiauic suitinfiiw "iey "l'Eli 1 'r urijiiiier ti.m-s to more seeing that but few remained of those shining passports to human favor in Ihe shape of dollars. They looked not be hind, or thought of advising the dear friends in their far home, whose heurtf would ache knowing iheii sid trouble. They loved, and would endure alone such fain as might await I hem; and the vifc had the bweet Christian's trusting disposition, refeiring all licr care back io (lib Great source fiom whence n came in earnest praym; mid the bus baud rested upon her pure fuith as a glirdian angel arm,whon the darkening ihade shrouded in all the picturings which hope had spread upon Ilia soul. They had made every tlTurt their en jrgelic and confident hearts could tug esi, but they had proved iutllec ua1; heir means lud wasted, and at la?t they ro left w'nhoui shelter, and from over vrought mind and anxiety the husbai d s taken sick, whilst ihe divoted wil'i iravvs near to the most interesting period I women's existence. Tliev have ben compelled to seek a house in the out--kilts of the city, where the westsrn fai neri', ilruvers and waoueis are enii r- lined, anil win re the ptivilrgn of Act tig on the fl -or uf a lumber and haines; ooiii is accorded lo them lor a shilling mcIi n'ghl, for which they piovided out if the least ni-sessary articles of their vaidrohe. Medicine and advico an lecessory for the invalid, and tho wife, it an anonv of fear, m enures lor n laM Hurt lo procure assistance; she quietly v.t'idraws with her bonuel and her las' bawl; ant! w ih u heavy bcotch ploiu :or Ihe evening w,is wet and fold, irizz ling rain Ulling near akin lo sleei Uiged by ihe duties of love and a deal ifi at IihZiiiI, wiih a vague hcpv kind lu g i.i hei head, she could not be stop p mI, but Willi lightsome step she Mpi- long ihe shppciy pHth' An Amencei hip from lluiiburg had at rived in pur ome two weeks previous to tho linx vhich wn now raach, and among her lew was a youth of eighteen years, who mil chosen the sailor's life of toil and peiil in the cnihushsiin of boyhood, and ontinued in it to preserve consistency unl independence, althongh he might lave been comfortably berthed on shoic laving family and connexions to secure my position that he might have desiied. Charles Winn was a noble warm hearted sailor, combining the frankness ud honesty that seemed best nurturrd hy tho locking of the ocean wave, with the urbanity and.co jrlesy of a polished gentleman; and having been some days in shore, his funds had melted from his grasp, wheio or how ho had scarcely needed; but the nol quiet pleasant nought was creeping into his mind, thai h') must 'look out a ship,' lie has how -ver, ono soveroigu left, and, donning lorth his best, sallies forth 'io make a night of it,' for ihe lasi, to begin with a bowse' at tho theatre. The sailors cos- mine of rich material for his shore pas ime he never dolled far the Moiik tail straights of ihe cit,' fur tho roason thai he Iwd the faultltss form that best be comes It. Hii eye of the quick black indicated intelligence, wit humor am benivo eiicc. and he could win you lo his Inn and liolicin a moment. All kue w the jiivul tar as he threaded the cioudod iliomuuhfaii o Bnd all would ' tiust the fiai.kutsb ihat beamed from hi soul in evi ry lotk he gave. Ho passed ,t'on IHMVH win. wuifM air, nu, y. . ... I ... - I - ....A .... . 'lh graceful and elastic step. hi. face lu-ghining Mh pu.e heart joys, an.) h'i "".ouche.l hy life's caie-, until ewect blue eye fiom beneath a cottage bonnet cauuhl hN gaz-1, mnl a light forml f prunji 10 nis sine a moment 10 siay slep a-Jtiied that in that look lay the bn v hat sparkled in her minil, knowing al so that Jack's fault is genuosiiy, slit hesitated nol to pour inlo his ear, wiih -voice of melting s weetnes?,her sorrow ing tale. Ai the moment he though i he running w tchery of some syrei who would mislead him, and he passed onwaid, leaving unanswered the plain live waihnii ol soirow's child: but heart reproach cauied him lo turn ere s dozu steps were made, and he saw tlx ingel look of despondency in thu fixed Iroopiog ey. evidently overcome by he agony of disappointed expectation u the only countensucc she had daret. o trust in t.vo hours' wandering. With a child deadeni.ig the heart ihrob hope, and genily raising her ey io heaven, she was pieparing to relun disconsolaic.with no oil lo pour inlo tlx wounds of aflictiun, when the sailor boy was at hei side, had taken her har.d am' isked forgiveness fur misdoubting fi., an instant her pleadings, which she Inn' evidently been uiiu-ed to make 11 made affectionate inquiries; give diet r ing words slid the 'ast sovereign, which he had intended to waste in idle and un profitable pleasure?, and causing her u take his aim, he called tipun a physici.n who prdCtieed for years in his fjthei' family mid whose benei olencc slid ski play e l kindly together; begging him as tlx evening was closing in with a dark drear- night tc. go w ith her to her temporary lioux of distress. She is handtd into ti carri,g' followed hy one whose nature is love am n a few moments is by the side of her litis band who is transferred to a fo.i.furiable u partmeni and bed under tho 'leatinenl th united as uiiirh to soo'bc tho seerel sorrov .vhich oft lies at the bottom of disease as V ireel physical treatment. The husband I laved; and the humane physician would it eive no fee being instructed by llio nobli lailor where to find his reward for al lie might outlay, On the first morning thai Melville hi1' leaning on his wife's arm enierrd the ladies 'itting room ho was met by a plainly clad nit venerable-looking countryman wlio oosled him wnh kindly words of inquiiy sympathy opened by the generous cVcd o the nol thoughtless boy eh ristcnod by hi ncssniaies 'I'lain Charley, ' who wa- tln-i bounding ovei the deep bluu 6ea with lie;ir as a featiter light buoyed up by the uu-pnl on thanks of the saved wife for she wouic have fallen as the withered leaf had life left die trunk vital to her; and the husband feh grealful for Ihe chords of feeling lliai In found wakening around him. The old gen-l ilenian observed: 'I havo been wailing hen twelve days for yuur recovery having un derstood that you wished lo establish a chool. if so, I want you io hurry on aeon uf health and go West with mo for if I slay here much longer wife will be looking for a husband and my boys will become as wild as our prairie deer Few words were necessary to detail the wants of the hamlet and its log- school and meeting house a oily ihct now is and ihe atrapgemenla are mado. They arrived safely and becoming welcomed by a matron who had not even a scolding word or look io give as had been ho often intimated in words that meant jusi die reverse of their apparent sense. Yen smiling yesrs have been theirs as or.o may see who crosses the I'rairie du , observ ing to his right just beforo reaching it the gentlo elope spotted with stock and in tit bottom before him a pure streamlet hurry tng to lose its purity in the turbid bosom ol the great waters; the bridge a little lo your left, leading lo the cottage half concealed with forest trees and shrubs, and the gnld en-lock group of children, sporting in the shade, are purls of the nine gifts of love, As I havo looked upon and enjoyed this pleasant scene, it seemed 'An hour of Paradise restored Enden forth mirror'd io the view again, As yet ere happiness forsook its bowers, Or sinless creatures own'd the sway of deutli.' One word for 'I'lain Charley,' whoso m-imai ouvuictgu, mi me ueum ui ins even ng'g enjoymonl, wrought os fair a picture is ever rested on a lap of earth, and more lappincss than often falls to mortal's lot. After some years buffeting with wim( and vei.ther, and various fortunes, ho wearied if the een; where he had never foigoilen,iii the hour of peril or moment of joy ihe sweet peace that flowed upon his soul when he had made one heurt happy. I,ei who have feeling, follow him in amorning't ride from a prosperous Western city, which terminated at the collage we have hriefh noticed; where hearis are wailing to givt love's warm welcome io lite name that bait visilod their lips morning and evening, x praise and thanksgiving f.ir long years tlx lorat even unknown, thai was to meet llie'n ordial greetings, lie comes! all arms on" l'o,d him, and the lisping infant, walk ex- tends not over ihe catching distance of : mother's care, breathes his name, wn'i u wn Charles Winn Melville In a city lot a thousand miles from New Orleans ives -I'lain Charley,' filling a highly re--pentable and responsible situation, with l-iily oppoituniiies for the kindly minister nig of his naluie, ar.d winning the love of ill who know him. He laughs al ihe world, and he laughs at care, With a sovereign and love ever to spare.' FROM OUR KQUADROiV. 'Jit Sea, JuUj 31, 18 1G. 'On the 7th of June, the commodore re leived inlormalion jt Mazailan, thai the Mexican troops, six or sevjn thousand -trong, had, by order of tho ilcrican gov rnmeni, invtded the territory of the Untied Stales, noith of the Rio Grande, mil had marked the forces under Gen. Taylor; ami lial the squadron of the United Stales was it-jclt i uj ihe coast ol Mexico on tlx tin If. 'These hostiliiics, he considered, would iiisiify cuniiucnciuif ollensive operations on he west coast ihereloio sailed on ihe 4th, in the Savannah, for the noasi of Cdl. ornia, leaving ihe Warren at M zatlan, x ring any despMchcs or nnporiau informs ion that might roach 1 1 1 e r c e arrived a lonterey on ihe 2d of July, where we ound the Cya nr and Levant, and leainc-i hat the Portsmouth was al San FrancioRO. 'On the morning of the 7ih having prcvi iusly examined .he defences ami Incalnies f the town, the i-oinu odure sent Captain Vlervine with a summons to thu miliary ximtuandant of Mouifr-y, req nring him tu unrrendcr thu place fur ill wiih to the forces f die Uniicd Slates. In reply, he slated dial he was not auihonzad to surrender the (dace, and relun ed lliu commodore lo ihe commanding general ol California, Dmi Jose Castro. 'liveiy : rrihgerne nt having been made .he day previous the Coiurnolore immedi ately eriibaikid ihe nceessary force ("aboix two hundred and fifty teamen and inarinis) in the boats of lliu squadron, which landed al 10 o'clock, under cover of the guns of the ships, with great promptitude and good rder, under thu immediate command oi Captain Win. Meivinc, assisted by Com mander II, N. Pfge as secom'. The foices were immediately formed and marched to the custom house, where Com- inoduio Stoat's proclamation to ihe inhabit van i s of California was rend, the standard of the United Stales hoisted, amid three hearty cheers by the troops and foreigners present, and a salute of tweniv-one gens fired by all the ships, Immediately after wards ihe proclamation, both in English and Spanish, was posted up about ttie town and two justices of the peace appointed U preserve ordei and punish delinquencies ihe alcaldes declining to nerve. Previous to landing, a 'general order,' was read to the crews of ill the ships fm their guidance under the new circumstances in which they were placed. We feel con lident that the inhabitants of Monterey and all other places where our force6 were, hfavt been safe from thu least dcpiedatiun or tlx dighiest insult. 'Immediately after taking possession ol Monterey, Com. Sloat despatched a r.ouuei in General Castro, the miliuty command jam of California, with a lover and a cpy of his proclamation, lo which he received reply. On the Oth, ho despatched a loiter 'iy courier lo Sr. Pio Pico, the governor af Santa Barbara. 0n the Oth of July ho despatched orders 4y sea to Commander Montgomery lo take immediate possession of the bay of San Francisco, (fee,, und at 7 A, M. of the Ottir that ofiieor hoisted the flag at .San Francis? co read and posted up lyommodorc bloat 3 proclamation, and look possession of that part of the country in the name of ihe Uni ted Stales 'On (he 13th, al the rfqticst of the for eigners al the Puebo of San Jose, the com modore furnished a fitg to be hoisted a hat place tbout 70 miles interior from Monterey, and appointed a justice of the lieace lo preserve order in ihe town tho alcaldes declining to serve, The flag was misted on the 16th- 'On thu iiih Commodore Sloat selected Purser 1). Faiiuileroy to organize a compa iy of 35 dragoons from volunteers from tho -hips, and citizens on shore, to reconnoitre, the country keep open the communication between Monterey and Sari Francisco, and to prevent the people of ihe country from being robbed, &c. &c. and directed him to pnrchaso the necessary horses and equip menu to mount them. Passed Midshipman Lottii .1cLane hav intj also volunteered for that service, he ap pointed him first Lieut, of the company. On the I V ill . Mr, Faunileroy was directed to rcconnoi'je the country with his cote in and as fai as the mission of St, Johns ? to lake possession of that place hoist (he flag, and to recover leu brass guns said io have been buried there by General Castro when he reireated from thai place. On Ilia arrival then, Mr. Fonnlleroy found iho place had boen taken possession of an hour or two previous by Capt. Fremont, v:t!. whom he returned toMonterey on the 19. h. He wa9 ttubaeqtiently sent to garrison ihe place, dig., up mount the guna, and recover a large quantity of powder and shot said to nave been secrolcd there; all of which ho accomplished before we sailed from Monte rey; between which ihe Pueblo ol San Juse and San Francisco, a perfectly free communication was maintained. 'On the afternoon of the 15th nf July tho Congress arrived wiih Commodore Stock ton. 'On the 10th the liiitish Admiral, Sir George F. Seymour, arrived in ihe Colhng- wood, 80. An officer was immediately -enl by Commodore Sloat to tender him die usual courtesies and the facilities of tho jjorl. He u as rubsequently furnished wiih a aei of lopgallant ruabts and other spars for his ship, and sailed on the 23d fur thu Sand .vich Islands. The visit of the admiral, I have no doubj was very sevicaablo to our cause in Califor ma, -as the inhnnitints lolly believed he would take, pan with them, and thai we would be ohlitd to abandon our conquest hut when they saw ihe friendly inforcourse subs sting between the two commanders, and found that ho could not interfere in their behalf, they abandoned all hope of over seeiug ihe Mexican Hag Hy in Califor nia "gain, 'On ihe 23d Cjmmndore Sloat directed Commodore Stockton to assume lite com" nam) ol the forces and o e. annua on shuru .ml on the 'JOih, having deteiiiiirii-d to ro il m to the United States via Panama, hu hoisted his btoad pendant on board the Le vent and sailed for Mzatlan and Panama, weaving the remainder of the tquadiou under lus command, 'At ihe lime nf our leaving Monterey, tho United States wore in quiet posstsstori if all 'Alia California' north of Santa lVre bara. The Gy a tie sailed for St. Diego on tho JOth, to curry down dpt. Fremont, with tbout 150 rillemeu, (AmcrimiusJ to iako possession there, and io cut i If Gen, Cas tro's reireal to Lower California or Mexw co, The Congress was lo sail on the 30di or't. Pedro, to itke pnsi--'oii it etc Pirn i Uee I- 27 m In u 'Hi S, u . iMW lien. V. os 1.0 x m, o nun wm ; ' u "Vas b.'tt , to xui lit neilinely on I), r arrival they would aur reixiur. which would pill an rod to all pp .nisition to the United States in the 0 alitor ins.