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I hare Bwor'atfo the -Alter of Uod, eternal uostllUy to evBUpfoifm of Tyranny over the Mind of an.V-rThomM Jfloro, BT. WEBB, EDITOR AffD PROPRIETOR. -All. Volume X. BLOOB1SBURG, COLUMBIA UOtNTI, . PA. SATURDAY, DECEMBER 5V18 Clumber 3 '.i M ' . . ? i OFFICE OF THE DEMOCRAT South side of Main, a tew doors be low Makket-streei'. TERMS : TUp COLUMBIA DEMOCRJlTwillbe published every Saturday morning, al TWO DOLLARS per annwn payable were reconnoilering the town, and com municated loGcn. worth, tnal its move ment had been perceived, and that tin enemy was throwing reinforcement owsrds the Bishop's Palace and the height which commands il. To dlvei' his attention as far as practicable, tlx . -' . . t . ... rr n-l . half yearly vi aava, ' ' firat division, Under Brie. Gen, Twiggs, Fiftu Cents, if not paid within the year. , , , b.h .liYr;nrtmiwill betaken for a shorter l field division of volunteorp, under period than rtx months; nor any ditcon- Mnjor. General Butler, were displayed tinuance permitted,until all arrearages in front of the town until dark. Ar lire dlSCharSeU rnnnDmpnld warn marlA al llifi enmn (imp jilWERTl SEMENS not exceeding a. . .... , . . ,, , Ziare till be conspicuously inserted at Plsce ln b.9,,"y du"nS ,h8 ' One Dollar for the first threeinsertions, a suitable distance from tho enemy's and Twenty-five cents for every subse- main work, tho citadel, two 24 pounder nucnt nsertion.VZJ-Ji "oeroi howiizew. and a ten inch mora-, with made to those wlio anvcrnse uy ineycuri . r ETTERS addressed on business, must 9 view to open a firo on the following be post paid COLUMBIA DEMOCRAT. DECEMBER 5, '.840. day, when I proposed (o make a diver ion in favor of Gen. Worth' move ment. The 4lh infantry covered this battery during the night. Gen. Worth had in the meantime reached and occu- OFFICIAL DESPATCHES FROM Pied '?r tko niKh'' defensive positioi. GENERAL TAYLOR. Nr. ". "on, range o. uauery aoove ,e Rishon Palace, havine made a recon- HEADo.uArm.ns Ahmy ofOccupation. . , . s . ... . Camp near Monterey, Oct. 9, 1S4G. Before nrocpe,,in ,0 rPDOr h 0f) Sin; I have now the honor to t.b. . of ,,, . i0iolvnB IV, mil a detailed report of the recent oper- , bpg ,eave (J ?ao ha, , 8,b menion otions before Monterey, resulting in the . . .. . . ... capitulation of that ciiy. ducted acainst the extremity of the cliv .ti. i r ! I I inainiormaiionrecoivwi uu ...u esewutr. under mv immediate di. from Cer.lvo, and pa.t.cularly .he con-l cjonf referrlnR you lor ie parlicularf unuai appearance in our om u, r n w,n .,:. ,.,i.:.i. ...... Mexican cavalry which had a slighil . . . . . . . niun . .. suirmisu wiin our auvllco u, . '- ,r8n(imied herewith. of Hamas, induced tho ueliel, as we ap- JEarly on the morning of the 21st, 1 proached Monterey, that the enemy rcCetvc( a note from Gen. Worlb.wril would defend that place. Upon reach- len al har past 9 o'clock the night be ing tho neighborhood of the city on the fore, suggesting what 1 had already in of the 19lh of September: this belief was fully contirmeU: 11 ivas sscer- cgntro ?nd tefi of the town;; to f?vor hif lalned that he occupied the town in enterprise against the heights in rear, force; that a large work had ben con- -phe infantry and artillery of tho first Mrucied commanding all Iho northern division, and the field division of volun approache; and that the Bishop's Pal- ieers, were ordered under amrs; and und consequently did not join the ad- Cilleries of Captains Brgg ancr liidg'ely vuiico rompautes uhtil soma time.Dller-jvvece also partially coiprgu bjyjie bat .vords. Iter y ? An incessani firo was kept up on Lieut. Col. G irUnd's command had m&js-position from battery iVo. SJ- and tniiroached the town In a direction toiher works on its rmhl.and front the 1 " iho right of Iho advanced woik, (No.l,) at the Northeislorn anglo of the iiy, nd tho engineer office, covered by citadel on all our approaches. Gerreral fwiggs, though quite unwell, jultoit and was ineirumental'ii) it tbis potnl, skirmishers, had succeeded in enteringftiausing the artillery captured from tw. al.lt.i.li.1 mm.I n.inlni. M ..... 'PK . lU .. m In U . iJ.in.il in null... a rt A 1 lie buuui ua uuu hiiiiii Lifitw . 11.1910 curing iu ud idi.gu 111 uanvi, auu IOc er, he ol remainder of this command now'udvanc ed, and entered the town under a heavy firo of artillery from the citadel and the works on the left, and of musketry from the houses and small works in fiont. A movement to the right vvis attempted with a view to gain the rar of No. 1, nd carry that woik, but the troops were so much exposed to a file which hey could not effectually return, and had already suined such severe loss, particularly in officers, that it ws deem- d best to withdraw ihom to a more se cure position. Uapi. u,)cKus, 1st in fantry, however, with a portion of his own aiid other companies, had gained the roof of a tannery, which looked di ecily into ihe gorge of No. 1, and from which he pointed a most destructive fire into thai woik, and upon the strong building in ils rear. The fire happily coincided in point of time with the ad vance of a portion of the volunteer di vision upon No. 1, and contributed hruelv to the fall of lhat strong and mporlant woik. 1 he three regiments of the Volunleei division under the immediate command f Major. Gen. Butler, had in Iho mean nmo advanced in tho direction of No.l, The leading brigade, undtr Urigadier Gen. Quitman, continued its advance ipon tnat woik, preceeded by three 'ompanies of Ihe 4ih infantry, while Genercl Butler, had in tho meantime nlvanced In Ihe direction of No. 1. The sco and some heights in its vicinity .learLook he direction 0f (he city, leaving leading brigade, under Brigadier Gen. Ihe Saltillo road, had also been fortified one company of each regimenUs a cam Quitman, continued its advance upon and occupied with troops and arliller guard. The 2d dragoons, under Lieut ihal work, preceded by three compai It was known from information previ- rjol. May, and Col, Woods' regimen of Ihe 4th infantry, whila Gen. But ously received, that Ihe eastern op- 0f Texas volunteers, under the immedi with ihe 1st Ohio regiment, entered proaches were commanded by several a(e direction of Gen. Henderson, wen 1 own to ihe right. Iho companies small works in the lower edga of the directed to Ihe right to support General the 4th infantry had advanced wilhn I ... . . I . ... 1 . t . L - nil.. I Worth il niMinri. nnil In tnnlro ni.lhnrl fine Pi nl HID VVOrK. wneil I lie V Irll.J." II lll II MIUU.I.HI J) ....H " ...... - The configuration of Iho nights and impresssion, if piaclicable, upon the U - were received by a lire that almbM gorges in the direction of the Saltillo pfir quarter of the ciiy. Upon op- in one moment struck down ono third road, as visible from the point attained proachinf the mortar battery, ihe 1st & )f the officer! and men, and renderedii by our odvonce on the morning of the oj regimonts of infantry, and baltallion necesaary to retire mid eifect a conjunc 19lh, led me to suspect that It was prac- 0f Billimore and Wahington volun tion with tho two other companies then licable to turn all Ihe works in that di leers, with Capt. Bragg's field ballet) idvancing. Gen. Qui man's brigade, reclion, and thus cut llie enemy s line the wholo under the command oJ hough sutiering mosi severely, parucu of comunisation, After establishing Lieut. Col. Garland were directed Marly in the Tenne.-seo legimenljcon my camp at 'Walnut Springs,' three I toxVards the lower part of Ihe town, with linued its advance, and finally carried " .1 - .at miles from Montarey, the nearest guita- orders l0 make a demonstration, and -ha work in handsome style, as well as id n nosiiion. it wif. accordinfilv, my parrv one of tho enemv's odvancedltho slronn builutng In its rear, 1 ire - , , , " - - l"---, J w - .... first care to order a close reconnotsance Wotks, if it could ba done without lo pieces of artillery ; a considerable supplj of theeround in nuestion,which was ex-keavv loss. Major Mantfields, engi- of ammunition, and thirty prisotiers. ecuted on the evening of the 19th, by Leer, and Captain Williams and Lieu', including thiea officers, fell into our .... I ' I. ma -I I ..I ...!.! i I Ihe engineer officers uhder the direction Pope, topographical engineers, accom- hands. Major oen. ouuer, wun nt of Major Manffield. A reconnotsance pamied the column,Maj. JVlansfie'd be 1st Ohio regiment, aner eoieimg uu of Ihe easlern approaches was at the mE charned with its direction, and Ihe edge ot the town, uiscovereu uiai notn ' ' 100 1 - , 1. 1 i. r aamo lime made bv Capt. Wi'liams, to. designation of points of allark. mg was to be accotr.pusneu in me ironi noaranhical eneieers. The examina- In the meantime the mortar, served jnd al this poini. yielding to the sug ition made by Major Mansfield proved by Captain Ramsay, of Ihe ordnance, Lotions of several officer, I ordered a Jhe entire nraclicabililv of throwing for and the howilzer battery under uaptaii. retrogadd movement; dui learning ai " ... - .... . .... .. .1 . .. .. . t ...n vard a column to the Saltillo road, and Webster, 1st Artillery, hau opened m0t immediately trom ono 01 my siau pnd thus turning the position of tho en their fire upon the citadel, which wa thai Ihe battery No. 1. was in our pns. mv rDeeminii this to be an operation deliberately sustained, and answered session, the ordar was countermanded, " I . - . - . . e. essential imnonance. orders were from the work, Uen. Bullei's divisionUnd 1 determined to noiu ine muery x r, , , .... . . .... i riven to Brevet Brie. Gen. Worth, had now laken up a position in the reai defences already gaineu. uen. o " . . . . ... ... ........ ni- : . m march with his command on the 20lh of his battery, when Ihe discharges 01 will) wun ino isi umu reg.mc..., tD turn the hill of iho Bishop'j Palace, aitillery, mingled finally with a rapid et. red Ihe town ai a poini lanuer iu in necunv a nosiiion on tho Saltillo road firo of small arms, showed that Lieut, ihe left, and marcneu in .no uireciiou u. nn,l in P.rrvihe enemv's detached works Garland's command had became warm- he battery No. 2. While making an j j - in thai nuarter. where nroct cab e. The Iv encaaed. 1 now deemed 11 necessa examination wun a view iu u.ter.u.u u first regiment of Texas' mounted volun- ry to support this attack, and according possibility of carrying this second work 1.... m.,i n n .iia mi 11., oroil ihp 4ih nlan rv. and hrc No. 2. and me neavy uiuoncuy in? flesocialed with tho scond division on r eciments of Gen. Builer's division, to (linking tho approach, rcndeied it im thiff service. Capl. Ssnders' engineer Larch at once by the left flank in the possible to cany it without great loss, and Lieut, Meade, topographical egi- direction of tho advanced work ai the tho lstOhio regiment ViP.ers. were also ordered to renort to lower extremity of the town, leaving from the town 1 - 1 1 - - , ...... Gen. Worth for duty with his column, one regiment (1st Kentucky) to covei Frtgments ot the various regiments At 2 o'clock. P. M.. on tho 20ih, iho mortar and howilzer battery. Hi engaged woie now under cover oi me ' ! . . 1 - . . .. 1 . . 1 ,i :.. u.n Mmnil division took un Its march. nm mistake, two comnanicB of Ihe cantured battery anu some ouiiuincs 111 1. ..... .n,n ,tt.nnoroi.h nffi.r iiin ' Aih inm i-ii it id nn i rfipei vb this order, lis front, and oi) tho right' The field served by Ciiptaio Ridgely aga'inslNo.2 until the arrival of wptain Webster's howitzer battery which took its place. In tho meantime, I directed such men could bo collected of Ihe 1st, 3d and 4th regiment andBdltimore batlalliun, lo en cr the town, penetrating to the riiht md carry Ihe 2d battery if possible Col. Gar of the cliy.-TTho works continued to Ihoir range, andal ed by our.iroops preceding nigiil, ex eompany, was'relicved Quitman's brigade taken and iis guns turned upon the fugitive girrison. The objec for which tho !ind division was detached had thus been com pletely accomplished, and I fell confident dial with a strong lorco occupying the road and heights in his rear and a good position below tho city in our possession, the enemy could not possibly maintain tho town. During the night of tho 22J, the enemy evacuated nearly all bii defences in the lower pan of the city. This was reported to me early in the morning of the 23d by Gen, Quitman, who had already meditated an assault upon those works, I immediate ly sent instructions to thai officer, leaving it to his discretion to emei the city covering his men by the houses and walls, and adi- vance carefully as far as he might deem piu of this colum & hient. Alter ordering the remainder of le was rcnortod in "oops as a reserve, under the orders ol Builei then was withdrawn iP'her tion of lire until Z o'clock, ot which hour pofed I would receive the answer of tho Mexican ceiipi- general at Gen. Worth's hesdnuartem. nil tho which I soon repaired. la the menilmR. hdgely's Goneral Ampudia had signified lo General by Gen. Worth his desiro for a nersnnal 9PIK bslery wji, me. in ivhinh I ,.,l.,l ...i ...u:.i. n was thrown urfSet-'epvtr in front of the nallv rnlio.i t . i..i.:' .. - . m. r . , , , i . fi'iiuiouuii, uiacing me town.tonel njftdemontlration of cavalry , own and the material of war. with ei.n . V l414' daw"5f d.J?' W "e'S" excepiions, !n,ur possesion, A copy of joke n.Ha,W Ptd,,cisd, anLlAbaMapjlUlatJoaMransffliUed will, mv loan alter meridian, the 1'alaco itself was firgi desnatrh Upon occupying the city, h vas discov. ered to bo of great strength in itself, and to have its approaches carefully and strongly ortificd. Tho town and wnrljn ed with 42 pieces of cannon, well supplied with ammnnition, and manned with a forcn of at least 7,000 troops of the line, and from 2,000 lo 3,000 irregulars. The force under roy orders before Monterey, as exhibited by the accompanying return, was 425 officers, and 0,220 men. Our artillery consisted of one JO inch mortar two 21 pounder howit. zers, and four liflit field batteries ol four guns each ihe mortar being the only pieco suitable lo the operation of a seige. Our loss is twelve officers and one hun drod and eight men killed; thirty ono offi. cers and throe, hundred m ihiny.seven men wounded, Tuat of ihe enemy is not known, but is believed considerably to ex cced our own, I take pleasure in bringing lo the nolica of the government the good conduct of tho troops both regulars and volunteers, which lias been conspicuous throughout the oper ations. 1 am proud to bear Uetiraony lo dieir coolness and constancy In battle and the cheerfulness with which ihey have sub milled to exposure and privation. To tho general officers commanding divisions- Major Generals Butler and Henderson, ond Brijadier CJjnerals Twiggg and Worth I must express my obligations for the cfi cient aid which they have rendered in their respective commands. I was unfortunately deprived early on the 21sl of the valuablo lervices of Alsjcr General Builer who was Jisabled by a wound received in the attack m Iho city. Major General Henderson commanding tho Texas voluntears, has giv en mo Important aid in the organization of his command, and its subsequent operations Brigadier General Twiggs rendered iropo tant aetvices with his division, and, bs ihe second in command after Major General Butler wai disabled. Briaadier General Woith was intrusted with an important de tachment, which rendered his operations in dependent of my own, Those operations wero conducted with ability, and crowned with complete success. I desjre also to notice Brigadier Genorals Hamer and Quitman, commanding brigades in Gen. Butler's division. Lieutenant Co lonel Garland and Wilson, commanding brigades in Uen, I'wigg'i division. Colo nels Mitchel, Campbell, Davis and Wood, commanding the Ohio, Tennessee, Missis sippi, and 2d Texas regiments, lespeclively and Mhjois Lear, Allen and Abercrombie, commanding the 3d, 4th, end 1st regiments of infantry) all of whom served under my eye and conducted their commands wjih coolness and gallantry against the enemy, UOIonol Mitchell, Lieut. Col. A'Cluiin. Mississippi regiment, Major Lear, 3d irifau. iry, and Major Alexander, Tennesscs regi ment, were all severely wounded, as weio Capiuin harnotie, 1st infantry, Lieut. (Jra Ham, 4lh infantry, Adjutant Armstrong, Ohio regimeni, Lieuts, Sucdder and Allen, rpnimsse regiment and Lieut. Uoward Mississippi regiment, while loading thei men aguinsl the enemy's position on lha 2Isl and 23d. After the fall of Col. Mitchell, the command of the 1st Ohio ro gimeni devolved upon Lieut. Col. Welter, that of the 3d infantry, after the fall of ilfaj, hear, devolved ir. succession upon Oapt, Bainbrldge, and Oapt. Henry, tho former being also wounded. This command, unrer X.ieut itid advanced beyond the bridge 'Purisirua' ... I. -.:... 1. !' .1 wiicii unuing ii inipiaciicauio to gain me rear ol the battery a portion ol it sus tained themselve tor some timo in that 'ad- vancml position; but as no permanent im pression could be rriadeat that point and die main object of the general operation hud been effected the command including a sec tion o( Hidgely's battery which had joined il was withdrawn to battery No. 1 During tho abscence demonstration of ctvalry ilia ilituciiim of iho citadel. Cam- Brace urijadier General 1 wigss, I repaired lo who wbs at hand immediately galloppod the abandoned works, and discovered lhat a with his battery to a suitabl6 position from portion of ben, Quitman s brigade had en which a few discharges effectually diapers- 'ered the town, and were successfully fore ed the enemy. Captain Miller 1st infantry mguietr way towards mo principal plaz. was despatched with a mixed command to I then ordered u? the 2d regiment of Texas support the baiteiy on this service. The mounted volunteers, who entered tho ciiy enemy's lancers had previously charged d'smounledand, under Ihe immediate or upon ihe Ohio and part of iho Mississippi ue" ol uen. Henderson, cooperated witli regiments near some fields al a distance l,cn- tJuitman s brigade Oapt. Uragg' from tho edge of the town and had been re- battory was also ordered up, suppoiled bj nulsed with considerable loss.A dcmonsira. die 3d infantry, and after firing some time tun of cavalry on the opposite side of the pt the caihedtil, a portion f il was lilcowiae river was also dispersed in the course ol thrown into the ciiy. Our troops advanc the afternoon by Captain Kidgely's batter) etJ tion, house to house, and from square to and ihe squadron returned lo the city. square, until Ihey reached a street but one At the approach of evening all the troopsNquare in rear of the principle plaz , and in that Iilu been engaged were ordereu Dacti iu " u " - i"i.o .uau,7 camp except Captain fidgely's battery and concentrated. This advance was conducted the rcuulai infantry of the 1st division who vigorously but with due caution, and al. wero detailed as a guatd for the works dur- though destructive to Jhe enemy, wss al- ioi! the niehl ur.der command of Lieut. Col. nenueu wun out smsti toss on our pan. Gatland One battalion of the 1st Kentuck) Captain Ridgely, in the meantime, had regiment was ordered to reinforce this com- 9e'vei1 4 captured piece in battery No. 1, mand. Intrenching tools wero procured against the city until the advance of our men nd addtlionat streneih was given to the rendered H iraprudenl to lire in the direcltoi ,.i n,ioii.,n ir. ilm mpn Uv tvnilt. ol the cathsdrai, i was now sausueo that in. nar.ic durinu the niehl under direction W could operate successfully in the city f f.ent Scarr.ti eneineera. M lhat the enemy had retired from the It . .m. i. i li,:,i rh.rn.ln nbieot in tho mornin? had lower portion oi u id mauo a nuuu ob.m.iu ...... .Ilta l,nUnLn A a C2 n rt C lilt rV in'lJ nU,.ioi A nnwerfu diversion had u""u. - been made to favor iho operations of ihe aJ 'ad. been on-Ju'.v "l0 l,revioua '"S1"' 2nd division one of ihe enemy's advanced uetermineu to wuuuraw ine tr30pa .o ,e works had been carried and we now had a evacuated works, and concert with Gen. r.mi.hnld in the Inwn. But ill S had 0,,u a -""'"' ul'u i'i, . ii i.. r.u u...i. .i:i,....i. not been accomplished without a heavy loss c -..-- !,,.!, fin.-nft nf our most srallant and V7, good order, and resumed their origi ' "u fa.ni :.:... n n,.:,,i. u,;a k. nrnmiRimr nlT.r.ers. Caotain Wl ams. lop- l'i w ' - b-"" - ograpical engineers, Lieuls. Terrell and 8 'Sieved after nightfall by that of Gen. ntlvunnli. li infantiv Lieut. Woods 2ml ""u"' ""vi i..r..rV n.nt.. Mnrn. and Field Bvt. Mai. 41icer w 'e ni uen ""J i i .,. i ... .. . i..,. Barbour Lis. Irwin and Ihzlitl 3rd infantty " '"u" "'"'S '" ."10 Lt. lloskins 4lh infantry Lieut. Col. at- P" 01 ,nu c,lv' WJS aU0Ul oiaK", an son Baltimore battalion Oapt. Allen and Ll. a ,e PP" ex.iamuy. wn.cu nau ... Putman Tennessee regiment and Lt. Hell 80 ueen evacua.eu uy u.u enemy ,o a cu,.- killed Or liavo since nmetauio uiamiicc. i icjumcu iiui uu, in formation had not reached rno beloro lea vi the town. Ohio regiment were killed or itipil nf wniinda received in this eilL'nL'emenl h.l. the number and rank of lite oflicer '"6 he city, but still deemed it inexpedi I . . I . . t I f . .i..i - t.1,.1 I ,.,Mr f . tiili u) cnuugo mv oruers, anu ucruruinM 1 I . a .. . r r . . stinacv of the contest and the good conduct "u,u , "e" ..r a nmh,. nf LiIIp.I nr ill worm, wruien an i o ciock, r. oj. ituuriu UI UUI HUi.l . ..w - lBn,.0,!fi.l incident to the onaral onif n tin ",u ",B' ,,c " "'" ,u "'"" , . ...i i lower pait of tho city on the 21st is 301. puuri u..a..uB ...c ,...,.,.. u K,V in Ilm mninino nf this daV. 2 St. ",c V""'' "ou ' J - D . ' ! ,. . ., i ... 1 .t,iUn,nf the 2nd division had encuun -"vision 111 mo mo.ni-ljj was uo.ng goou tared tho enemy In fo.ee, and after a briel "Xt,oulion w,,hin al"e nn9 of ,he et hni iarri conilici. rcnulsed him with hcav umy s position , , i. r,,.,, . .,,..., .. Ins.. Gen Worth then succeeded n eain- "nS5 ' m" i' ,g a position on the Sultillu road, thus cut ' l10 ci,v w,,l,om con'l,lelu conu,,n u8 10 .in,, the enemv's line of communication 'e li,lfs Bn'1 ,i,jJb ol aPProach I m.uuci- Prnm ihis nosiiion the IWO heiuhtS SOUlh Ol H " of"Uet t0 6U8I,B,,U 1,18 tttlVanCe "M - I " l.il, : . 1.1. I .U- O..I.!ll I ...... .,:., I ,., uii.na.amnl I COUIU UttVe BU lUltrVIPW Willi Illlll Ull HID IUO OdlllllU IllOU I3IU liailiuu ou.v.u.a,w. and ihe gun laken in oneol them turned up- blowing morning at his headquarters on the Biehon's Palaca. These important 00 "1B ",utl""b successes were comparatively small The fullowing named officers have been I re-.favorubly noticed by their commsndeis fortunately obtained with ived, through Colonel Moreno, a comrau- Lieut. Col. Anderson, and Adjutant llci nsll Inn,. Hunt M'lCavHti nication from General Ampudia, proposing, -van Tennessee regiment; Lieut, Col. M' ...... , --, - 'ni... . .. ... ..... ' nt r. ..i t . , . 8lh infantry, being the only officer killed, to evacuate .no town wnicn. wun tne an-.vuB. w.pin. i.Q.uper ami uowning Tho 22nd day of September passed wuh-iswer, wss iorw uuru wun my nri uospaicn.jjsuja'io i uiokuu, wwauuiii niuore,uusn out any active operations in tho lower pan arranged with Colonel Mureno a cessa-Uel and Cook, Miseissippi regiment; bUq ! f !