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tfEftS FROM MEXICO.
th Jfew Orleans Delta, Nut. A3 Tha stssmsblp McKira, Oii. Peck which iBfiJ&f&i. on ill" 23J iD", rrived hero iaii'evonine. M rs McLsne and Graham bearers of ' .... l despatches ftom Gen. Taylor to asntng ton.and OjpU 0. T. M. Divis, Tjt'arer ' despatches from Gen. Wool o fashing mn. .! on board.. as were also several vi'ji - officer! and ciihtens. of whom a lint U given elsewhere, and one hundred and -fifty diss bled and discharged volunteer!. We had the plenure of an interview witb Captain Davis, and from the information which lie politely oomrnunicaled to u, we mike up the following general summary ol newt, On the 20lh ult whan Gen. Wool and bil command, numbering two thouiand aix hundred men, were within about one hun dred mi'ea of Jfonclova, the General re- ccived from Gen. Lopez, the Governor of Coahuife, a formal protest against hii fur ther invasion ol Mexican lerrtloiy, inform Inghimoftho armijtice that wa entered into between Generala Taylor and Ampudia at Mbnterey, and alleging that ha should consider any further advance on hi ( Gen Wool's J'part ai an infraction of the aame. Gen. Wool eeni vord to Gen. Lopez, in reply, that ho was awaro of the existence ol the armistice alluded to; that tna Govern ment, whose orders he was obeying con alrued it! terma differently from the inter, pretation which his Excellency, Gen. Lo pes, had given it; that ho was determined to continue his lay. He did so, and on the 30th hailed four roilce north of the city of Monclova. To this place Gen. Lopez came quickly out, attended by an escort. He politely welcomed Gen. Wool to Ooa huila, and tiffered him a peaceable surren der of the city of Monclova, explaining, at the same time, that the protest which he had previously forwarded to him was druwn up and despatched in the discharge ef what tie believed to be his daty to his own Gov oinmont: but that so far as hs and the civil authorities of the city were concerned and there was no military foice in the place they would receive the General and hie command as fiiendi, and in return they looked for the treatment of friends from -tbim. Th General then encamped his men 'where they were a most favorable loca tionand with his staff and a detachment .proceeded -on, took possession of ihe-cfty, and raised the American flag over the cita del. Excellent and comfortable .quarters -weie selected (or himself and staff. On the 'ad of Nov. (Capt. D.) loft with despatches for Washington, taking Afonterey in his route, having information to communicate Mo Gen. Taylor also. The health of' Gen. 'Wool's command he represents bi remark bly good, their match a most agreeable one and through one of the finest giain, corn, cotton, sugar and pasturage countries .that he ever saw, or can well be conceived. Although reports were rife that the coun tiy was infested with Mexican banditti and treacherous Indians, Gapt. Davis left the camp-wiih only, two Mexican guidei, arriv ad safely in Monterey on the 8th inst. 'There he-found things pretty mu,eh in re pose. Gen, Taylor awaiting despatches from Washington. 'The camp was still sickly and among those who were not convalesc ing so fast as desirable is Gen. Butler. His wound is still painful to a degree. Capl. Davis lefi Monterey on the 11th. On his return he met Major McLane a few miles from the city with despatches, to Gen, Tay lor. Having been delayed at Camargu and other points along the Rio Grande, he wan overtaken by Major McLane and others, who had led Monterey later than ha did, and this enabled him to receive still later io. l formation from that quarter, d'he despatches of whirh Major McLano was llie-bearer, determined Gen. Taj lor in his courseand gave & new direction to af fairs along the-wholeltio Grande; the first fruits ol which -were the despatching of the steamships, Neptune and Sea from Drasos St. Jago on the 21st 'met. with about 700 regulars of Col, Gates' command to Tampi on. Major Gen. Patterson left, or wai to leave, Camargo on the 20lh with a forco of 1S0O or 2000 men, via. Biaaos St. Jago, for the same destination. On Oie IBihinst. Gen-Taylor end hit staff, with Gen. Worth iu command of a brigade, left Monterey on a tour of recon noissance of the country. They at the same time took and garrisoned SaUillo, and werr about (o return to camp. The reports fiom the .rJe.xttan camp are thai Santa Anna is eollecting the whole force of the nation, or so much of it as will rally under his banners, at San Luis Polosi which place ha ie intrenching and fortifying with all possible. diligenco and pieoaution. il U animated that there are already 10,000 men there, and that he mains to increase this force to 80,000, ar.d with them lo await m attack ,'rom Can. Tay lor, and mako le.sperato a final effort to defeat our for ces He will, however, havo to await lome itm( it is believed, before Gen. Taylor call! Iilm out., Foi It is now believed, in deed, it is known thai hennefjrth the be ,if the operations of our army is to be not from Monterey not from Cumsrgo not from Matainoras or Linaree but from tha highest navigable point of '.lio river above Tampica, and them our men and munitions are henceforth lo converge but, noui vtr- ront. We should havo stated that a report re ache J Monclova, before Capt. Davis had reached there, that Chihuahua had been ta ken by a detachment of troops from Gen A'uaroey's division. From tha Now Orleans Picayune. Gen. Worth lafi Monterey for Saltillo on the 13ih inst. He look with htm about 1000 trnnns of the 2 ill and 8th U, 3. Infan try and Col. Child' Artillery Baltalion Pile objects of this expidiiion are explain ed in the subjoined letters. Mo.NTKREY, NOV. 10. MO. Eds. Pic The cauie's afloat and the tally-ho has again been sounded. The 2d Division, under General iVoriti, march on llie 12th day after to-morrow for Saltil lo, accompanied by two squadrons of cava! ry. Ul course there will oe no ngniing un til our Iroons get beyond that place. Santa Anna is making great exertions to rally all the means of the country, and, in the slung parlance of the camp, promises 'mucho fan dan go' at San Luis Poioaii He has al ready 10,000 regulars, and 6000 more are on the march from the capital. We shall probably have one more big fight, and then peace a long rsat to many. Yours truly, Paijaso. P. S. General Wool reached Monclova eight days since and goes no further in that direction. Monterey, Nov. M, MO. Friend Pie. Gen. Worth left here yes terday with about 1000 regular troops the 5lh and 3th U S. Infantry and Cot. Chillis' Artillery Battalion, Gen. Taylor went with him, and took Captain May's dragoons, to the number of some 250, as an escort. suppose that one object of the commandei in-chief is to ascertain, positively, the chances ol-obtaining water on the road to San Luis, in case it may be deemed expedi ent to march direct to that city. The ie- port in camp is, that Gen, Taylot's force has been ordered tu Tampibo; but I believe he can doss he pleases, snd if he.finda thai he can get to San Luis oasily in this direc tion he .will go there. I give this as mere peculation of course we liuow nothing certain here. If Gen. T. had Ben McCul. loch's old company of Hangers he could soon Hud out all about the routo to San Lui as it is, Col. May may bo sent out in tha direction. He is an excellent and .most ef ficient officer, a go-ahead one, too; but iht TexaiiB are 'lighter draught' than the dra goons, if 7 can use an aquatic comparison in this casecan get about and play hidt and go seek in the chaparral belter than an) troops in the world, and are now much needed. If anything turns up you shah hear from me again. Yours, Campaneuo Scenes at monteret. The following scene waa described lo me by an officer commanding a regiment in the second di via ion ai ino Dailies ol .Monterey. I give it almost in his own language, as he spoke ol it the day after it occurred 24ih Septem ber. 'He has declared often since, that ! 'made him feel seniimenlal every time he thought of it,' and I am surej never thought of accusing him of weakness, for it gave mi the blues to hoar him tell the story; And this,' said he, in speaking of home 'reminds me of nn affecting scene of last night. I waa ordered by Col. Child to lakeja company of my regirrenl it breik in the door of a row of houses in the 2d nUsa. ( had gone nearly through without teeing a soul, when, for a time, the efforia of u y men were ezertea in vain to gel into our. that seemed barricaded with care As (he hinges of the door were about lo give wa; a tremulous voice on the ineido besceehed me not to break the door down it should be opened. When unlocked, rushed in as well as I could, over beds, chairs, cushions iio. and to my smprise found the room oc cupied by about twenly-Gve women! As soon as they saw me and the soldier! ful lowing, ihey ran around me and fell on their knees, the elder beseeching, in tones of deep distress, my protection, and to have their lives spared; the younger begging tim iuiy not io oe iniureu. ytiiiii Ihey wvie thus kpeeltng, and I assuring them thar no harm or injury should befall them, a pretty lillle woman slid inln lbs chslo and knell close to my fsot. 'Senor,' said she, in a soft, quivering voito, afor the love you bore' your moihoi, for the lovo you have fur your wife, for the tender affeotion your bead holds for your children, oh, spate this, my poor little babo' holding up a bright-eyed, dimpled-cheeked linle boy, about a year old. She never asked for herselft In spite of me, (ears rushed to my eyes, and t could only speak with a full heart as I told her lo lise, and assured her that she and her child were perfectly safe. liy the Holy Virgin, Capting,' remarked a rough Irish soldi jr, wiping away tear with the back of his hand, 'uon'l tho ould Seventh pur led IheuiT 'That night I watcbod over that room, which was sacredly kept from intrusion 'The next day wa were blessed by these fo' males iu ihrir attentions, for the protociion va had given them, for they savo us of what they had to eat and drink, and we were nearly famished, 1'uor creatures, how much thev were distressed. 'The young mother will ever be painted in my mind's eye as the devoted guardian ol her be. Her husband, 1 learned was an of ficer, and was then fighting us in the city. She could not have known whether ho was alive or not, and I have not heard of himi' Many scener, very iiue that tlsscnbeu 8 bove, took place in tho city. I did not hear of a single outrage being committed where vDmen were in the question but heard of man v inatinces in which food was furnish ed lo our men and paid for, even when the &U was going on. II. j9ssa)siialiuri!y Mexicans. -Ayoung man by the name of Horseley, belong ing to Capi. Chandler's company ol Texas volunteers, was assassinated by (he pcifidious Mexicans a short time af ter the capitulation of Monterey. We ilean the following particulars from the Austin (Texas) Democrat; Horeelv went lo an orange grove in the evening and temsined all night; his failure 1 3 return in the morning excited fears for his safety; his comrades went in search of him; in t lie orange gtove thry found blood traced it, and finally discovered the body of the unfnrlunaieyoulh in the San Juan, pierced by a wound from a lanes, or some such instrument. The newjof this base and cowardly act fpread like wild fire among Hay' men. They determined lo lake amplo ven geance. Wo to the .Mexicans fallipgJn their way Gen. Worth was made ac quMnted with what was going forward; ho rent his aid to exposiulale,8iid beg of the 1 exans lo ceese. Ii.furialed by the cowa;dly meanness of the murderers nf their fellow soldier a remiimbrar.ee of the many foul and bloody butcheries peprtlraied upen them in former limee, by the same people ihey ppsred not a man. The excitement was so high that den. 1 ay lor waa induced to issue an or ler c omrr.an rig nil disbanded troops to leave Monterey in 48 houre.Ii is though) SO or 100 Mexicans fell lo avenge I he leath of Horsely. Terrible relribuljo.n xfln Amazon. 'The correspndenl ol he Nw Yoik Spirit of llie Timei,writ ng from the seal of war in Mexico, ay: 'One fact connected with the sss.iuli upon Monterey 1 have neglectotl lore i-ord. It is staled, and generally be ieved,, thai a Company of Lancers wai commanded by a woman. Seized with i patriotic spirit, she unsexed hbrself, md dressed in t full suit of a Captain ol Lanceis, she desired to ba led against he foe, and swore that she would never yield nntil the 'jrorihern babarians'were driven from her natal land, or until he had shed her last drop of blood in ' de fence of her native country. Previous lo our attack, she was paraded helore Ihe troops, and greatly excited snd aug mented their courage. She bairangued them and desired to be posted at the spot where the first shol would fall, and where the thickest of tho bsitle wou'd wage. It is reported that on the 21st she led tho charce of ,La proved fatal lo soma of our command among Ihe number the lamented Field. There's an exampte of heroism woVtiiy the days of olu! It has remained foiMtx. ico lo produce a second Joan dAre) but not like her, successful. .1 would hava given a good deal lo have seen her. lady ship. J'res'idtnt's Houpe. President Polk haa purchased a snlvndid mamlxn NoahvilleLTcou. the late .rraiilnnro. ni JUug wrunuy, t..j. n , .... vi "rncTM WITHO? IA ' 2BIL(DGS&T3riB(E. 8 sjfinfiw.tr, VECtwitt'jt la, tsio, 'V. D, PALMER, Eta.it authoriztd to tut at Ae'ent fur the ' Columbia Dixucat.' and re. Pl ,"'i "J' .-auvscr'P"n B"u Aaurtif - t Tit t . mg at hit Airtnciei in rhiladelphu ia A'o. 69 Pine-ttrttt. Ntw Yurk " 160 Kastau-ttrttt. Boston " 10 Statt'ttrett. Baltimore S. E. cor. Bait, and Calvtrt-ttt. itcrchantt-Mcchanict and Tradetmen mat find t to thtir advantage to advertiiein thit pupcr.us t it the only one publithed at the Count) Joat and hat a greater circulation in the county than any other paper publithed within ttilimitt. AN APiMIENTICE, To tho Trintlng business ! wanted at this Or flee. An aclitrubo IS or 10 years of afe will re ceive good encouragement. The Printer U much In want nfa (p bushels of WHEAT. CORN & lUTr.tf WHEAI, of those who owo him upon ouuauripuon. jie wouiiUajso like a few bushels of POTATOES. We have received tho President message, tint too late, owing to it lengih.for inseition entire In this week paper, therefore, rather than divide H T-- (luiijiuiio ns nuoiicatton until oui next. MAP OF MEXICO. Me have received a beautiful " Map of Mexico, including Yucatan and Upper Cal ifornia. the chief Cities and Towns, Trav elling roads, Stv, by 8- Augustus Mitchell. Six copies are sent by mail for One Do lar. - . .. him army it now in Mexico an are anxious to know its wheroabouts, and one of these Maps would be just Ihe thing for reference. Every parson jtherefore, should possess one immediately. The Volunteers far Mexico. The regiment fiom the OldDommion is noar ly full; Two companies have been or ganized in Richmond, and their servi atucjiL-u , ime m Alexandria, ano another in Petersburg. In the lad nam ed places meeting was held on the 1st inst., at which Ihe cily authorities were rcrommended lo appropriate S2.500 lo equip the volunteers, and render them comfortable. At INew Orleans, on Ihe 28ih ult. ihe ten companies were alreadj in a rap id slate of organizilion in that cily, and such was the enthusiasm, that the onl) struggle is which company should mustered in the servico first, as by llie (jovrrnoi'e proclamation it would ap pear that only five companies will received lrom Ihe city, in order thai Ihe oilier parishes of the Slalo may hav a chance of furnishing the remainder. At iew York, on Thursday night three moro ol the companies of the reg nient were enrolled, and on Friday ihey joined Ihe thrue enrolled ihe preceeding night, at Foil Hamililon. 7'he seventh company was expecled from Albany on aiiuniay, and it wa9 thought that the whole regiment would he in ramp ai Fort Hani'lton on Sunday. 1 ho full regiment from Pennpylva nla has been designated, as follows; Capt. F.W. Binder, Washington L.I'y ii Joseph IIil), City Gunrds. Jnn. Uennell.Phila Light Guard? E.L. Dana. Wyoming Artilemts James Nagle, Washington Ar'y. John Herron, Duquesne Grays. Alex. Hay, Jackson Inde't Blues Wm. F. Small, Monroe Guards. R. K. Scott, Cadwalleder Grays, T. G. Morehead JefTerfonGuards The Wyoming Ariillt risls, number ing about 100, left Wilkesbarre onMon- day last; and parsed down the Canal on theirroute toPitlsburg. Three of ihe Philadelphia companie and Ihe Poiuville company, lefi Phil. delphia on Monday and the other llirt'i on Wednesday far Ihe same di-siinalion, where ihey are ell lo be mustered inli aervice. 'Werry' Dhlressiiig. Th o Ci n c i n na;i Times tells a good story of a fellow who was reading over Ihe list of killed and wounded at Monterey, the o'lher day. He waded patiently Ihrouuh the long columns of uaiuts, ond ihen petulantly throwing the paper aside, ex. cuimou, JJ u sicn ntu'slherr. aWt mb0(l (f fh . j. Wo are rrqiieslid lo mention that County Tsmneranre Covention. will be held al the M. E Meeting House, in Jer scytown, on the fiisi day nf January next. The intelligence frnm the army is indica tive of a deieimined purpose lo furnish Ihe .Ifexican Congress with most cogent and pertinent reasons for the negotiation nf a (4 1 IS .1 peace, I lie oonus oi conquest are oecnin ing daily more and moro stringent, whiln it ii apparent that in a short lime the por tion of Mexico lef lo treat will be consider 4bty less than t'.iat to treat of. It also ap pears that the necess ty has been realized to concentrate all tho available- forces that can be brought into the field, for n final conflict with the American army, should die Mexican Congress determine to iceist. Thero now seems tn be only iwo points at which a contest of aims may bo expected, and those are Vera Cruz lipou the coast, and that place at which ihe troops shall be concentrated to encounter tho combined military forces of the United Slates, wheth er San Luis Toiosi, the city of Mexico it self or any intermediate position, 'The en ergetic manner in hich the termination ol the armistice was declaied, was quilo cha racuristic of the commanding officer, li does not appear lo have been- palatable lo the commanding authuiity at Saltillo, nor pleasant tidinp lo communicate beyond. Acnord.ng lo present information il does not seem improbable that tidings of tho evacua tion or the capture of San Luis Potosi will be shortly upon us. Wise of Produce, A writer in thr Uoslo.t Courirr, over Ihe signature ol 'J JN. B.i esiimaks the rise in value on the agi icullural productions of (he U. States, since September I, 18-16, as fol lower On Ihe nop of Indian Coin, (es timated at 480,000,000 bushels,) the ad Vance (estimated at 25 cents per bjjshel) is 8120,000,000, on the crop of wheal the advance is estimated at g5G 000,000 on the crop of oats g4G,000,,000; rye S36,000,000; on the crop of hay the advance (in consrquenceof the increased use of corn and other grains lor bread stuffs, is estimated at $45, 000,000 Showing a total rise in value of S273, 000,000. Ji Mcmorulle Faet. Ii is slated in 'he Washinglou Union, lhal since the battles of 8th and 9lh of May last.which precipitatf d a war will) Mexico upon us, at lpast three hundred thousend vol unteers have offered their sei vices to 'he Government. Is there anoiher coun ry in the world where so largo a force could be raised by volunlary enlistment for foreign service in so short a lime? Tho eight new regiments are nearly full - some ol them quite. I hey are to erve 'during Ihe war.' Wheat far England. The Londoi limes ol Od. 23d, a journal by Ihe way, which never makes random slate rnenlc, remark?, thai 'one of the greal est caniialits of ktiuland. or lb vor Id, had snt nut an ordvrto 'the U Stales, for 200 000 quarters of wheat qua! to 900,000 barrel. of flour-' Land Sunk. The Auburn (N. Y. Advertiser learns thai four or five acre of land on ihe farm of Mr. HenryChasi Jr. , on Ihe east bauk of Ihe Cayu I 1. t f T I . i-kb mm near ine line oi jueuyari;. am Genoa, sunk a few days since and ha disappeared. Blows! Blowi! to an American cit hen.' A young man namid 2Jh Wil son has been convicted of larceny 81 Wilmington, Del., and sentenced to 're ceive twenty one hshes, well laid on, on the bare back!' Member sleeted. Mr. McDaniel democrat has been elected a member ol Congress from Missouri, lo auppl) Ihe vacancy occasioned by the resigna lion of Col. Price, who is in Ihe arm n Sduta Fe. Monster Potatoe. Richard Sondley cq. ol ixewberty, raised on his plants. lion a swret potato, measuring two feet one inch and a half in length; and thirteen inchvs and a half in circum. ference, at the thickest part." Buried Jllive. Mathias Slovens Ion his lifo at Uanhury, Cl., on Tuesday week, by (he caving in of a well iu which he was working lliiity feel be- ow the suiface. He was 38 years of age, and led a largo Jamily. For lbs Columbia Ociuccrat, Waxt Birriam VrasM a tour, It is a sou ice of great inconveuiuice and oftcnlimea of morlifiraiinn, to find ones-self behind the limes. 'The oilier day u hen if.,, company, called into service from Fotls"ilp, was making preparation for departure, and thousands were assemblod to bid them fate, well, some individuals from Ihe country happening lo be in town, and seeing an un usually largo assemblage nf people, enquir. cd tho occasion of it, aniKupon being told that a company was about starling for tha seal of war, replied; they i had'nl heard there was a wbt,' and wished to know where it was. Now ihe difficulty in this case waa evidently, that (hey did not take u newspaper, and certainly that accounts aufli- ciently for their consumste ignorance Theio are thousands of peoplj in the coun try, in simitar circumstances?, and so long as they preaevere in their unwise practices, they will conlinuo to grope their way in darkness. In order that those who do tako a news paper may be fully apprised of what is tak ing placo in the community, and especially of llioso things which possess some general tiilerest. I will give an account of 'what hap pened t'other nighi.' All aro aware that tho soasnn of ihe year which is more particularly appropriated by society to bustling scaurs, litis arrived, and the young especially are busily at work. hatching up scones of amusement. The first act in the grand drama of ths ecttson lias been performed' A few of the young people have been drummed togeher and moulded into a tfaV.aud in that shape have noved on a considerable number nf succes sive hours, and at length found themselves in the mud. For some time past it tins been under stood that the Calls wissa Bridgo Company intended giving a Ball soon after getting their Bridge in a rroesable stale. Tuesday the 8th inat. was fixed upon for the grand performance, and the Bridge Company so far contributed towards it, as to let all who were invited from this aide of tho river pass over Ihe bridge freely after paying the usu all toll. It is some lime since any of us have been at a ball, for which there are Iwo reasons. One is, that but few of us have much talent in tho heel the oilier is, wo have not had a chance. Tho first reason has been in a metsure obviated, by tbe growth of our population, in which our number his been increased, by those of moro refined talents, of the aforementioned order. 'l'i,o second reason of course possessed no longer any weight, for some of us at least had an op uinity lo attend a ball. It may well be supposed that with all theso, and various other favorable circumstances, wo would not be lorg in making up our minds about attending, and some others would havo been glad lo havo followed our example, had ihey had an opportunity, but for reasons not nscessry o mention, ihey 'couldn't shino.' 'The weather was very unpropitious. On Monday a considerable quantity of snow tell, so as even to excite the hopn in some bosoms, that we might have sleighing on ihe next evening, and ome of our number loclarod.they had prayed allMonilay.thal we might have sleighing lo go 4o the Ball, but ihey .certainly could nni have been the righteous ones, for the mud was moal ter rible deep, o that I really think, had I known how bad the going was. I would havo flayed it home and missed all ihe pleasuro if Ihe Ball. Bui we had prnmii-cd lo bo and blooc, thunder, and horse .hoes we did wfo. We collected mosi of tho covered con- vehicles iu town, and between four and rive in the afternoon 'launched upon the boundless deep of mud, pumps in pocket, inu ngging in basket, numbering in all nine couple, that is including those who went ir. quadruple order, and omitting two ir three who didn't go. fJarring a f'uw lii Ie mishaps by tho way, we all arrived safely at ihe scene of our exploits, just as no moebus was railing as'eep. At seven 'clock or thereabouts tl.o twaim of the fid. die siring brought us all upstanding, on the llnor ni the capacious litll room at the houso of Chatles Hartmau Esq. Of course we couldn't btar.d still when the niauin Hit- He bow was moving, and we moved with poppet regularity to the varieiraled lunesithal is. those of us who knew anv. lung about tunes. Having danced on. with an empty stom- icln until about midnight, supper was an nounced, to our no small gratification, and wepmceeded immediately io Ihe discussion f those subjects, which so much nratifi9d he refined taste of the ancient Philosonhers tnd have continued a source of infinite de. light to all modern explorers in Crfece and YwrAry, In fad all that travine annutiie or rtfined taste could wish for, was provid co in uoonusnce, and in exquisite alvle. and even old Eplctijus hjmeef hBd lie been llifie