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"That IJovcramcnt h flic best uhiili governs) Icasl." BY.IiBVI L. TATE. ORIGINAL. , 'or fic Columbia Democrat. BY A SCHOOL BUT. v i 1 ' The sweet voice of Spring, in tlio rallies Jon ring, ! And the winter is Honing away, And soon will be lost, the last trace ol tha frost, ' That has marked hi lingering slay. Tha birds of th ir, in their music declare, Their joy thut stern winter hat fled, ' And gladnoss shall bo, in tha land ofhe free, ' ' Where tha blusing4 of Heaven are nhoJ. . But ah ! there are some, where no comfort can ' , , i . , come, . In cella, and dread dungeon confined, To whom the bright spring, shall no happiness ' ( No tiding! of peace to tha mind. To evil a prey, they themselves cant away "' ' Tho blessings that Heaven had gave, 1 And now for their fate, thoy repent but too luto, ' ' ' For llie last hand of friendship to save. ' "And thus will it prove, in tho spring of Gods V love, . , When life cold winter in o'er, The jut shall be blessed, and their spirits shall , rest, - . , And thu wicked shall triumph no more. J. C. S. ' ' , Roaring Crock, March 10th, 1SW. , Random ShotSj-No- 6- BY NONPKSCRIPT. ' Crime in ovtla It is somewhere said by high authority, , i that "vice to be hated, needs only to be seen." Now with all due difference to the opinions of this Author, I beg leave 'most , respectfully to differ from him. The as . scrtion may be made over and over again, but the plain common sense of every man who spends a moment in thinking upon 1 this subject, revolts at the idea. If this , wore in any case true, the very vice of the world would, in a short time, be its com plete salvation ; for those who saw a ves tige of vice in a companion would detest and hate it, until all kinds of sinfulness would be its own destruction. It is, perhaps, doubtful, whether any man , loves vice for itself ulonc, but it is certain ly sure, that "evil communications corrupt good manners." It is contagious. One bad boy will mislead the majority of his companions, One notorious man corrupts the whole crew. I will grant that vice is in itself hateful -that we naturally avoid , any ihing disagreeable j but it is equally true, that a familiarization with any person or thing, weakens our disgust, and gradu. . ally engenders a tolerance if not a liking. . But I need not endeavor to povc these points any farther, for the experience of ev ery man and woman, establishes their truth And now let us proceed to the point. This is emphatically a reading age. Com . non Schools and Steam presses have pla ted the acquisition of knowledge within the reach of every person. Newspapers and books Hood the country, and whether good or bad, aro sure of readers. Willi the majority of young people both in the city and country, works of fiction reign mi- jtrcme. They huve ranged from the gilt volumes of Coopor and Uulwer and Sue , to the shilling paper covers of Ingrahum and Charles Paul lc Kock. There is of ten in these works something to commend but the idea of making a man or woman virtuous by familiarizing hint or her with vice, is rediculous. Does not every man in his cooler moments condemn the loose ness and liccntuousiiessofnio.it French no v t'ls ! I speak to you, Fathers, Urothers and Lovers, would you, in order to preserve a daughter, a sister, a mistress, from a false men, put into her hands the works of Chas. Paul Do Kock ? Would you advise her to read the Quaker City.' Would you, in line Duller her to read any works of fiction, save those which you could recommend lor their purity; their charily of thought, or Ian L-uage, of uetiliiii'-nl. " line', Yd ar to inc some ii,c since, "My experience assures nu tlnil the seduction of any, the most virtuous ..f women is i, ,!"'y Wl" r';"' ,:r of tUoso books." pointing to l " ; the eases. Mark i' ye novel readers! Am - ,t.,t ve uovil ivriliu! Indecent con ELOOMSBUIIG, COLUMBIA CO., versnlion is said to he injurious.and yet, ala dy who would leave the room at an inticndo will retire to hers, and glut and pant over the licentious pages and pictures of a French Novel. As 1 remarked in a former No, I verily believe that our novels people our prisons, and fill our houses of prostitution! How long is it since in England, if my memory serves mo right, the following con fession, in substance, was made by a noto rious robber and burglar. lie said that the book entitled "Jack Sheppard.'' had first led him astray. He read how that re nowned scoundrel the hero of tho work, had robbod, broke jail and escaped, and he longed to imitato and if possible excel. In a confession published some timo ago, a Lady of high standing and respectable con nexions, acknowledged the reading of a li. ccntious book to have been her destruction. Another laid her first wrong step, to her reading of Don Juan. These are instan ces among thousands that might bo given. To this it may be answered that those who aro so weak, so easily lead astray, would have of themselves fallen. Even in this caso, it is but another link in the chain of evidence against crime in novels ; for a virtuous work would have strengthen ed that which was weak, whereas brcom ing familiar with crime.reason left her post, fancy and inclination took tho reins and drove tho victim to destruction. Libertines, robbers, knaves and Pirates have been con- lituted the heroes of novels, and are as fa miliar as household words. How many boys after having read John B. Perry's criminal works have not wished to be as re nowned Pirates or robbers as LaFitto or the Harps, Milton's Episode in " Paradise ost" of sin and death proves my position incontestibly. Even Satin himself, at lirsl seems horrified at the sight of sin and death but upon more acquaintance, enters into a league with them. Are the authors of these books them selves men of pure morals ! If the heart prompts the pen, what must be that ones state, which is continually sending forth se duction.robbery .assassination and murder ? Would you teach your son reverence for the Scripture by putting into his hands the works of Hume or of Paine? Just as soon as teach them virtue by sending them to school to vice. "Turn your child loose in your Library," says Dr. Johnson. A- greed. But banish from it all hurtful, per nicious and lascivious novels. TomCorwin and tub Cabinet. The fol lowing letter is the reply to one from Gen. Flour noy, inquiring of Mr. C, whether he would go iutoUcn. Taylor's Cabinet: Washington City, Jan. 20, 1849. Dear General I received your note last evening. If I were much less modest than I really am, 1 should blush still lor the over-estimate your partiality will put on my abilities and still poorer cllorts. I ot itic friendship which thus abuses your better judgement, I cannot but foci grateful, nay iroud ; I only regret that 1 cannot lulht the expectations which such friends must in dulge. 1 have no more idea of going into (!cn. I'aylor's cabinet than ol'a trip to the moon. n the first place, il Oen. I . is tlie saga cious irentleman I hone to find him, he will not have me there; and secondly, were id to iisk it, on his bended knees, 1 would not consent. lie will be attacked, by Southern Dem- ocrats especially on his supposed position on the Wilmot prouKo. A seat neiu oy me in his cabinet, would be proof positive against him on that point. I would no more allow him to be assailed through me, than I would thrust a man between my lead and a bullet. In the next place, fools and demagogues all over the republic could alk. and with ellvct. of my position on me Mexican war, all these shafts (if ihey Hy at 11 frhall strike my own bosom, anil none other; General Taylor ahould select men whom no such positive objection exists. Let me hear from vou often. Truly, your friend, THO. COItWIN. General Flouknov, Potatii IJi it An iufellici'iit firmer nt I'enria New Ymk, st.ites positively lli.it thu entire killing of the vim s (mine way, is a remedy for the Potato KmI, il iltiin' a soon as Ihe t!t.r.iy appiais on lite li HVi s. ll hs.s cut his vim's nr three y are, while injl.iiwi! U lt with vines uncut havt- t,u( n allei-ted. The papers tell un that adventurers aru go lii in It icks to l.dlilutma. Jlii.. is tl;e way in whl'.h Ljeiiae ,ilwjy3 travel The following poem, by Longfellow, in truth fullness and sublimity of sentiment, cxipiinilulioss of finish and simplicity of style, is perhaps: uu turpassed by any production, of its Cast, Iroin thu pell of auy author. -'a rgaiiii or rare WHAT THK HEART OF THI YOUNG MAN SAID TO THE PSALMIST. Toll me not, in mournful numbers, Lifo is but an empty dream ! For the soul is dead that stampers, And things are not what they stem. Life is real! Life is earnest And the grave is not its goal, Dust thou'art, to dust retumest, Was not spoken of the soul. Not enjoyment, and not sorrow, Is our destined end or way i But to act, that each to morrow Find us farther than to-day. Art is vain, and time is fleeting, And our hearts, though stout and brave, Still, like muffled drums, are beating Funeral marches to the grave. In the world's broad Acid ot battle, In thy bivouc of Life, Be not like dumb, driven cattle ! lie a hero in the strife : Trust no Future how'er pleasant, Let the dead Past bury dead ! Act act in the living Present ! Hearts within, and Godo'erhead ! Lives of great men all remind us We can make our lives sublime, And, departing, leave behind us Foutpriuts on the sand of time ; Footprints' that perhaps another Sailing o'er life's solemn, main, A forlorn and shipwrecked brother, Seeing shall take heart again. Let ust then, be up and doing With a heart fur any f.itn ; Still achieving, still pursuing, Learn to labor and to wait. Woman. Woman is like the rose which buds and blooms on the parterre of lifo. In the cradle, when a sweet bud, the fragrance of affection (ills the atmosphere around and ubout her. When the prattle of infancy is hoard from her lips, and her smiles irradiate the eyes of parental affection the fragrance increases. As the bud de velopes its beauties to the eye, and the knit limlis allow her to fly about the domestic circle, the joy of her parents is ecstatic. There follows the developeiuent of heart, linking the hud to the bosoms whence wells maternal atle.ction. Mind quickly developes its energies, and the heavenly spark which animates the mortal frame adds new charms to the cherished object ol af fection. The tide of life flows on, and in its spring new beauties cluster around the loved one, and in a few summers more she is seen at the alter pledg ing har affections to one whose manly worth has won her pure and guileless heart. Tho early hearth is left but not forsuken, for maternal love has matured her affection not sim ply for the poor return which many an earthly flower yields for anxious care. llur heart is imbued with nature which refu ses to live without that pure atmosphere which so far has warmed her being, and caused liar la tent beauties to expand and attract the adiniia lionofthe manly youth, who claims her for his bride. Her wealth is a guileless and confiding heart, and the gentle current, whose unrollleil hunks .she has hitherto culled the sweetest flowers, glides still by her feet without a murmur. Her happinons is complete, for religious faith il lumes the present and gilds the future, while memory review s Ihe past without a paw; from du ties neglected or affections not acknowledged. Youth and beauty attend her steps all h''r days are plea.nit, while peaceful contentment makes her heart exult as Hope in the vi.-u beck ons her on to joys in scenes yet to he tcali.ml. But such happine", like all things which par take of earth, is subject to the stroke of death. Ton often in this world, they sn in, like the flowers of Nature, which deliiiht tho eye, to be more subject to the scythe of the Destroyer. If the admiring eye of Nature's sweetest tlower could shield from harm Ihe full-hlown rose, ils leaves would never wither, its fragrance never die. If friends could detain ihe blooming million in a sphere where her viitues bloom lu to prr i.'h, many wonlil live to h.iv tlu ir ul, age irra diated by the lu-tre ot well. spent years. But dealh must come. Beauty, it is true, li,-lnig lo jnnlli, hut Hot I" vonlh alone. The liiiitioti who n the rjnofiiie nt the happy cin lt .the i li.um which linen imlomts. tic happiness the husliand and the lather, hoj beauty too. Her heart i:. the cinlK "f human aflr.rtiuii lu r ..li.lln the ;.'.v.ud ol Iranian la i . SATURDAY, MA OvM-loohiii Fault. ' The kindest and the happiest pair Will have occasion to forbear; And something every day they live, To pitt, and perhaps forgive. The End of the WirM.Vfe alluded in our last paper to the death by shooting, of Walter Maythe, in an allair at Cincinnati. Tha whole Maythe family have long been known in the West as desperadoes and outlaws. The whole family, mule and female, wera of the most aban doned character. They knew no restraint, and follow td no guide, but their own depraved ap petites and outrageously wicked propensities. Taking those as their guide, they regarded soci ety in I its members us lawful prey. The long catalogue of their crimes embraced those of tha deepest dye. But fearful indeed has been tha retribution that has falleu upon the whole family. With one ex ception the family is now extinct. But not one has died a natural death. They lived by violence and by violence they died. Tha two sister died a most miserable death in a hospital at Mobile. Smith Maythe was taken from the jail of Grant county Kentucky, and hung by a mob. Seott Maythe was arrested among a gangnl coun terfeiters on tha Mississippi river, and tied neck and heels with a companion and oast into the river and drowned. How Walter Maythe came to his death we have already stated. There is but one member of the family living, and he is, we are informed, an inmate of the.penitcntiary at this time. What a lesson does the history of this family contain ! What a fearful warning in their horrible late. Dayton Trumcript. Gettour StATKS.-The Times has the fid lowing interesting questions, ladies had better gel their slates and work out the sum : If kisses were a penny each, , And words a groat a score, A kins for every twenlj words, And twenty in an hour Visit the fair one twice a week. And stay from eight to one, 'Twuuld take how long, at such a rate, To spend a hundred pounds i ntidotk to Poison A correspon dent the London Literary Gazette, Alluding to the numerous cases of deaths from in cidental poisoning, and particularly the melancholy fate of the late Koyal Academ ian, Mr. Owen, adds, "I may venture to affirm, there is scarce even a cottage in this country that does not contain an invaluable certain immediate remedy for such events, nothing more than a desert spoonful! of made mustard, mixed in a tumbler of warm water drank immediately. It acts as an instantaneous emetic, is always ready, and may be used with safety in any ease where one is required. Hy making this simple antidote known, you may be the means of saving many a fellow creature from an un timely end." rTT Caterpillars. An English agricul tural paper gives the following method of destroying caterpillars, which was acciden tally discovered, and is practised by a gard ener near Glasgow. A piece of woollen rag had been blown by the wind into a cur rant bush, ami wlirn taken out was found to be covered by the leaf-devouring insects. Taking the hint, he immediately placed pieces of woollen cloth in every bush in his garden, and found the next day that the caterpillars had universally taken to them for shelter.' In this way he destroys many thousands every morning. He 7 When lhitlc r is to be made, if a little old butler be nit into the cream, the butter will come from much less churning. When soap is to be made, if a little old soap be put into the ley and grease, the soap will be made with considerable less boiling. ('i'i.ti'rr or S i b wnmniKs. A practical man who write in the Ihntu ulluiisl, says: "Slraw hcrriev can lie produced in great ahnnil'iiice and with more case llilin any other valuable Iruil. Willi a moderate decree of care and attention they will yield at tin- rate ol ' nm hundred bushel per acre. They will grow freely on any soil that will given gum! crop of com ; and if planted ear ly in spring, will yield a lair crop in June." He says a common error is to plant them in nn old worn out g irdeii soil, or to manure them too hichly, which gives vines, but no fruit. The be.-l is a good, deep, new soil Hot exccssibly rich. The ,ie K. H. Mieriiian li. iiu; once on a pallia uieiil.iry committee, happened lo enter the room wlun most nt the membeis of Ihe c mmiltee wen; present alel sealed, ihroliuh bil-ilitss had not commenced ; when, pineivini; theie wa net another seal vacant, he with bin nsn.d readinrs-, said : "Will any gentleman uinvr lh.it 1 may ta!c tlic tlmii " 'fv lhe Kittiter the dilln ulty, the (mile i;lory it I line, in surmounting it Skillol pilot, gun tln.il Icpiitatinii fioui stii m- and It iih I.", v, 1 1 trry a wind in your toiig io lo in-1'ir-: t'l.e r eiKiti'iii of any itim. RCH 24, 1849. Encounter it i tit a Vru trie II 'olf. I have never known these animals, rapacious as they are, extend their attack to man, though they probably would if very hungry, and a favor able opportunity presented itself. 1 shall not soon forget an adventure with one of them, many years ago, on the frontiers of Missouri, Hiding miar the prairie border, I perceived one of the largest and fiercest of the gray species, which had jut decended from the west, and seemed famished to desperation, I at once prepared for a chase, and being without arms, I caught up a cudgel, when 1 betook me valiantly to the charge, much stronger, I soon discovered, in my cause than in my equipment. The wolf was in no humor to flee, however, but boldly met ma full half-way. 1 was soon dis armed, for my club broke upon the animal's head. He then 'laid lo my horse's legs, which, hot rel ishing the conflict, gave a plunge, and sold me whirling over his head, and made his escape, leaving me and tha woll t close quarters. 1 was no sooner upon lay feet than my antagonist re newed the charge ; but being without weapons, or any means of awakening an emotion of terror, save through his imagination, I took off my large black hat, and using it fur a shield, began to thurst it towards his gaping jaws. My ruse had the desired effect ; for after springing at me a few times, he wheeled about, and trotted off sev eral paces, and stopped to gaze at me. Being apprehensive that he might change his mind and roturn to the attaak, and conscious that, under tha compromise, I had the best of tha bargain, I very resolutely took to my heels, glad of the op portunity of making a drawn game, though I had myself given the challenge. Journal of a San ta Ft Trader. Aphorisms. Deceit is a double-pointed sword that generally wounds the user. To be silent, is better than to speak foolishly. To know when to keep silence, is as good fre quently, as to know what to say when the time comes lor speaking. False modesty is sometimes as perfect a reveale of unseemly thoughts, as no modesty at all. Incorrect knowledge, like counterfeit money is worth nothing. He who climbs highest, may fall lurtliest. Hope is the prophet of youth young eyes will alwavs look forward. 'Did you attend church to-dav. as I chareed you !' inquired an old planter to olio of his slaves as he returned to his dwelling. 'Sartain massa,' was Cudjo's renlv. an' what two mighty big story dat preacher did tell. Mlusti, Ludjo, you musn't talk that wav, what stories lire they V Why he tell lie people nn man can sarve two masses; now dis the fuss story kase vou see old Ctiiljn, sarve you, my old massa, and also young massa, John. Den the preacher says, 'he will luh tho one and hale tho other,' while the Lord knows hate you buff. Thk Laoiks of Columbia, Ta., must be very modest. A valentine has been laying in the Post Oliicc of that interesting village, iure the 11th ult., directed to tho "Handsomest Lady" in Co lumbia, and is still uncalled for. Ik A Man will reap "whatsoever he soweth," what a harvest of coats and breeches the tailors will hava one of these days ! Or)- Labor, Industry, and Virtue, go hand in hand. Idlnessand leisure lead to wickedness, im morality and vice. Down with all aristocracy and nobility, save the nobility of true virtue and honest industry. Toil, either of the brain or the hand, is the only true manhood, and the only true nobility, (JCJ- Teach you children well ; then though you leave litem, little, you give them much. fjrJ-That clever girl, Miss Bremer, says that the life of a rich bachelor is a splendid breakfast, a toleiiilde flat dinner, and a most miserable sup per. She says nothing about restless nights. HP Horse Jodish.Ve have seen it stated that an excellent remedy for hoarse tiess, coughs, colds, and cases of incipi ent consumption, is horse radish, cut into small pieces, and chewed in the mouth. Tin detrover tif ln:m' linnninni r,iuti.t,tu the young, the beautiful, or the gifted. CoNUNPRUM. Q. What dish is always in a hurry? A. A hasty pudding. iji'j It is tiniK that our young ladies dropped the old plan of referrnn; the b)s l their peternal parent, when they receive an oiler of marri.ii;e. Come sirl.H, lay a.-ode the old way, and when a vo'inu mail of the r i tli t stamp otters himi-el!', don't look down and state some particular tijiiru in ihe carpel out of countenance, and whisper, "ask pa.'i lint throw your .nun around his ii-ck, kiss him look him in the iyiv, and say" It',. mtll." 'y n A i'oci iltou ol GermaiK-i in I'lula h Iphi i have otleleil M'llie thu,inds of Dollars for I lie h.id ot l be Anglian Kinpeior. Thcv intend to e.h.lul it in rvalti's M'neum when they gt il 1 hey Hi ik 1 t c I as many Koyal head, ti Ihev liked, by applying ?n anv F.urnpean Sexton, and lor one tenth the money. SEHIES-VOL. TWELVE. vol: 3, number 1. The CharacUr of .turon tturr. liv wm. Wallace, If niennerhasset had been the only per son ruined by Uurr, in the prosecution of his enterprises, charity would suggest a bu rial of our remembrance of the exile'a des olation. Hut the victims of Uurr aro to La numbered by hundreds. The base and the peaks of society alike show the scath ing marks of his fiery visitation. He cherished no friendship lie re turned unlionored the drafts of gratitude ; he kindled by the fireside of hospitality the flame of lust, and felt little pleasure in bidding adieu to the Lares of his boast, un til the dearest that flourished in their shad, dows were sacrificed. The man's whole being entered on the pivot of selfishness. Hut for the affection he manifested towards his daughter, his sole moral merits seem to have been courage and coolness: and yet clustering as were the laurels which they wedded to his brow his baser pas sions so predominated that he held it more glorious to seduce a womant than lo glitter in the field of letters, to scale the steps of philosophy, or to wave a banner victori ously in battle. He courted a man to corrupt his wife the statesman to profit by his influence the millionare to obtain his money and the world to gratify his desires. He was the more dangerous from the possession of an intellect, massive, piercing, brilliant, united to a frame at once handsome and vigorous. His mind was but the keen and restless weapon with which his passions hewed a way lo conquest. That weapon was l'rotcan. Hut few could escape iu ever changing attack. If the victim came fully under the gszo of an eye whose sharp light resembled listening imnrision- cd and forever playing in a cloud as black as night ho was lost, Hurr's conversation was irresistibly fascinating his hand swept over every chord of tho human heart. He strewed the rosy path of the happy with flowers of still brighter hue; he arched the troubled sky of the desponding with the rainbow of hope ; he conjured up before the wrapt visions of the avaricious, mountains of gold; and to the aspiring, h pointed out the shadowy vistas of glory-Thus he stood, gifted, unprincipled, ruthles and terrible. The want of fortune alone prevented his presenting in one lu rid, dreadful and overwhelming mass, that evil which he accomplished but ton suc cessfully in many details, ('hance con fined to valleys, comparatively humble a tempest, which only wailed for a releasu to devastate continents. It may be asked : "Is not his valor on the battle field of his country lo be remem bered?" The answer must be, "Yes I" That was a redeeming trait. IS'o matter from what motive his military talents were exercised, our land reaped some benefit. Hut there are many persons who will doubt the real patriotism of one who was ready lo forswear his aJlegianceJ who trampled on so much that was sacred, and who held even his exploits against tyrranuy as less glorious than the moral destruction of a hu man being. f Age is expected to subdue ; but with Uurr the winter of time brought no snows to cool the lava of passion. At four score and six, the crater wore a glow as anient as at twenty. His faculties mocked at n century. Age should bring the soothing calm of religion, to enable the barque which has been tossed by the storms of life, to prepare for a worthy entrance into the sea of another world. Uurr died as he lived practically an atheist. Age should bring respect : Uurr died as he lived, without Ihe respect of the good. II is hoary hairs went dow n to (he grave floating on the breeze of infamy. In cunning, an lago; in lust, a Tarquin i in patience, a Gataline; in pleasure, a Sybarite; in gratitude, a Malay; and in ainbiiion, a Napoleon. He a'flbrils ihe world a powerful example of powerful in tellect, destiliile of virtue. I J is portrait would fitly appear in a circle of iJante's inferno. Let no one accuse me of rlepping with utisanc lilii d feel through the soli inn vaults of the sepulchre. Aako 1!ii;r belongs to history. Such was the lot lie chose. 'Ho soduced the wile and daughter of the man who gave him shelter alter tho duel with Hamil ton. fllis own a.-cilion J He wished to claim his riuhts ar a Hritish sub jort, when in London : Loid l.iveipool rejected I he otter with contempt. Popping flic lmi,,'on- Ch ub iiH a yotinr lady to her lov "iIii th is iniiliiiii' iiitereslnii' in the na- - l, ,1 ... iu itiurp dr:ir "No, loir, lull I Itopr there will be, one (lay, w hen we bnth shall be interested." "The lady blushed, and f aid, of course, For shame, ('hailes."