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The star of the north. [volume] (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1849-1866, July 04, 1850, Image 2

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Bloomiburg, Thursday. July 4, 1890.
Election held Oct. 8, 1850.
The Ilirth-dayof American Freedom.
Most of our subscribers will receive this
number of our paper upon the seventy-fourth
birth-day of American Independence, it is
the great holiday of the American citizens,
and ihe day for patriotic reflection. With a
nalioi. powerful, so that even the lowest of
our foreign servants bow no suppliant knee
to the proudest of earths potentates, tho A.
morican may well feel a or de and security
tinder the broad folds of the star-spangled
banner. At a time when the temple of
Janus is closed, and universal peace pre
vails through the earth, wo may well say our
Jot as been cast in pleasant places. The
past is rich in glory, and the future bright in
promise. Earths last hope is centred here in
Freedom's home, and may our people ever
prove true to their high trust, and each one
of our political b rcthrcn so help to guide tho
good ship of state that he can every success
ive day be more proud and worthy to say
The Compromise bill is forgotten by the
American people, and it is becoming doubt
ful whether there are any more Democrats
or Whigs in the country, since the Forrest
caso occupies the attention of every body.
There is no danner of disunion since the
great tragedian cowliided the great dandy.
The Galphin claim is a stale, flat and un
profitable subject since tho Forrest divorce
case has become fashionable. Affairs of stato
are now considered beneath the notice of
the refined class as Mr. Willis calls it, while
cholera cases, fires and steamboat disasters
are no longer reported. Ladies lay aside the
last novel ancut, to weep over the romance of
the Format case, and loafers discuss the
same subject over brandy-smash in the bar
room or on the public pave. It is Forrest iiero
and "Willis" there until boarding-school
misses read aboutjthe ruin and sorrows of
the unfortunate Mrs. Forrest, instead of at
tending to their botany; and Old Mr. Ledger
reads "the evidence" until the spectacles al
most fall from his grey head. There is no
use in Clay, Cass Buchanan, Benton or
Webster talking about the "next Presiden
cy," for nobody now-a-days cares about be
ing Prosident, they only care about Forrest
and Willis.
The California fever is "broken," as the
doctors say, and people now only get the
divorce complaint. There will be no fever
and ague this season, for people can't afford
to take time to shake—they must read the
who meets a pert Miss, don't lisp about the
"weathaw," —he talks about Mrs. Forrest
and "Mistaw" Willis. Even the Fourth of
July don't come this year until after Christ
mass, if we are to judge from the public
journals. We open paper after paper and it
is nothing but Forrest and Willis. There are
no longer cnrrent prices to meet out oyes—
no more love sickening tales to tickle the
fancy of the juveniles—no long speeches
of Buncomb's Congressman—all—every
thing is the Forrest case. We hear of it till
our ears are stunned to deafness we read of
it till our eyes are worn weak—we dream of
it till it seems an accursed ghost come from
the other side of Styx to torment us.
Bulcut bono t What good is this discus
sion to do the morals of the community?
Will it not rather corrupt the minds of pure
men and pollute the taste of though dess
young women ? If we had a daughter she
should sooner read yellow covered French
novels, than all about this Forrest ease ; for
we could explain to her that the novels are
fiction and unnatural; while the wickedness
of flesh aid blood, as portrayed in this case,
in rcul life, must naturaly degrade the opin
ion which any pure minded woman has en
tertained of human nature and herself.
There is no antidote to this moral poison,
which tends to deaden all sensibility to hon
or and shame ; and thus destroys tha very
basis which makes good men and pure wo
men. Let a man or woman bo, taught to
believe that there is no virtue—among his or
her companions, and that person is ruined.
We protest against havingthe whole coun
try convulsed by a quarrel between a play
actor and a fop—or if you please, a great
tragedian and a poet. The actor may have
cultivated his imagination uutil he is very
sensitive—in fact, a being all nerve. He
may keenly feel the wrong that is done bim
by the destruction of his domestic happiness.
This peace of mind may be destroyed for
life, so that living it en agony to him. But
is hie the first case of the kind under the
cue ' Have base and black conspiracies not
often ruined badly educated -women, and
made the lives of husbands of sufitr TP l<w>g
war with their sorrows—seeming as nev-
er to cease ? Aye! we have often seen gay
and giddy yonng woman educated to be
miserable. We have seen a guileless and
pure young being fall into tbe net of a dam
nable conspiracy to become the wife of a
villian whom when she §new she could not
but loathe and hate. We lfave seen perse
cution! temptation and an almost resistless
force of circumstances drive her to sin ; and
at prosoctitioc and slander hounded her down
to tho grarV, we have senn her die the thou
sand deaths of misery and sorrow. She too
was sensitive, high-born and proud. She too
was the victim of a cnspiracy. She too was
ruined Ly those who had rejoiced in her
smile, and joyed in the glance of her love
lit eye—by the demons of whom her warm
and pure young heart had almost made good
men—by the fiends whom her kind hospi
tality warmed too near her into a lifo to
learn her liaturo; and who then turned, like
the fabled viper, to destroy her. She 100
asked a divorce before she fell. But there
was no excitement tqrAer. The country
was not convulsed troubled
not itself abovit her sorrows. There was no
mania for her released from the body of
death, to which a relentless fate had bound
her. When she went down to her grave,
fow were they who remembered her; ami
fewer were the teats shed over one whom
the world should lia v e prized as one of its
richest jewels. She, who warred with fate'.
and resisted more than a thousand others are
called upon to resist, fell only because her
power was not superhuman. But 6he was
net divorced; for she was poor.
One of this actor's quarrels involved the
largest of the American cities in a riot.
Lives were lost, and the military were called
out to fire on the mob An ordinary earth
qdake would be satisfied with convulsing a
large city, but this man must agitate the
whole country.
Men will now read the proceedings of
the Forrest trial with a greedy avidity, until
many of them begin to wonder whether
they too are not the victims ol some base
paramour; and this horrid suspicion will ran
kle and fester in their minds, until they
seem to live in a very hell of madness. Wo
men will read the evidence in this and such
other cases of the kind as are to follow it;
until these become familiar to them as
household words.
j We can bear ''hard cider" orgies, "ruin"
_ panics and such like fooleries. Wo almost
, begin to wish that the songs about "Tippeca
noe and Taylor too," and about "littlo Van,
Van. Van" might drive away the horrid din
about this'Forrest case,' for if something is
not speedily done, our people will cry about
i this actor of the nineteenth century, as did
the old Romans for "circt uses at panem." Or
i does the government open such - exciting
t topics to divert the attention of the people
trom Galphin tobberies, as the despotism of
Austria only keeps its people in blind sub
jection by opening to them an abundance of
free theatrical performances 1 The country
press owe it to themselves to speak out on
1 this subject; for in the country we have a
healthy moral atmosphere. The city editors
! breathe a tainted vitiated air, and only cry
vivc la humbug.
' From the Philadelphia North American.
"Of Henry W. k nyder, of Union county,
i the candidate for Auditor General, it ought to
I be enough to say that he is the son of the
late Simon Snyder, the brave and honest old
1 Democratic Governor, who, for nine years,
■ from 1808 to 1817, administered the affairs
■ of the State with incorruptible fidelity, and
left behind him a name which even yet, has
a power of enchantment, and the force as of
' a warcry, to so many thousand Pennsylva
r nia bosoms "
WELL, that is very cool! So it generally
happens with the Federalists. After pursu
' ing a man through life with the most malig
nant hate—after making h.is life a long war
-1 fare, and houndiug him down to the grave
1 with spite, the persecutors at last find out
(hat he was the noblest work of God—"am
' honest man.
It was so with Jefferson.—The malice
of Federalism embettered his life, so as to
1 shorten the time of his usefulness on earth.
' He was call - d an "infidel" "jacobin" and
an "atheist" by a thousand tongues of slan
der; and this in a tone with which only a
demon should be spoken of. But no sooner
was he dead than his slanderers pretended
to believe in bis political doctrines or at least
confessed the justice of his views.
Madison too was denounced as a traitor
and a coward when the British army burnt
Washington city, and it was only after his
death that Federalism granted his character
r the just meed of patriotism and virtue.
Jackson was attempted to be howled
down by the minions of the money-chan
gers ; and the sanctuary of his private life
was opened to the detraction and malice of
the persecutors. The wife of bis bosom
was assailed by those too cowardly to at
tack the old hero; and to his own hearth
stone the slanderers followed him. Death
only made them give themselves the lie,
and own that he was truly one of the good
and groat; who had served well nis coun
try and the brotherhood of man.
Simon Snyder was a shining mark for
the shafts of Federalism while he lived.
When he vetoed bank billd he was called a
tyrant and a dictator, and the bills were pas
sed over his head by *a vote of two-thirds.
But he faltered not nor feared. He warned
tho people, and trusted to tbe future foi his
vindication. Now his slanderers are dead or
silent, and the party that opposed him when
living owns since his death that he was a
man ot "incorruptible fidelity, and left be
hind him a name which even yet has a pow
er of enchantment, and the force as of a
warcry, to so many thousand Pennsylvania
Ihe Whig party thinks that a name is
more potent than a principle. With charac
teristic contempt for the people, that party
trusts to a mere "name" as a "warcry." Hen
ry W. Snyder may throw himself into the
arms of that party which traduced his "brave
and honest" father; but then the people will
look upon him as an alien to his father's
blood, fia apo&tato of his father's faith. If
ho would be true to the nature he should
have inherited, ho would have worshiped at
the shrine of that other "bravo and honest
old Democratic Governor,"—FßANClS R.
SHUNK upon whom it seemed that the man
tle of the "incorruptible" Simon Snyder
had fallen—who, like his prototype, ever
warred with all monopoly—was always
true to the great cause of the people—and
whose principles and honesty will for ages be
cherished dearly and warmly "in so many
thousand Pennsylvania bosoms."
A lie nailed
Best in his last paper barks at Mr. Frazer
of Lancaster, and insinuates that thatgentlemau
interfered at Harrisburg last winter to defeat
the Montour bill. Mr. Frazer no doubt des
pises Best's cpnduct as Senator as heartily
as it is posßßle for one man to contemn the
acts of another, and saw that the pet project
of the treacherous Senator for a new county
was mischievous and unreasonable; hut
that he ever made it his business at Harris
burg to be a professional borer against Mon
tour is a malignant and black hearted lie, of
which only a man liko Best could be capa
ble of giving utterance, but which coming
from such a source, can do a fearless, hon
est man like Mr. Frazer no barm, but will
pass by him as the idle wind which he re
gards not. We are pleased to give the fol
lowing extract from a letter reveived from a
friend, and dated:
lIARRISBURQ, July Ist 1850.
# * # * * #
"I observe that Best is writhing under the
infliction which Mr. Frazer gave him at
Williamsport, and attempts to revenge him
self by giving vent to an unmanly false
hood. Mr. Frazer was only twice at Harris
burg last winter after the Montour bill came
into the house. Once he came on Saturday
and left the next Monday. The second time
he came on one day and left again the fol
lowing one; and oolh times, I know, had
other business than boring against Montour
county. A man known like him, as high
minded and honorable, can not be injured
by such a traitor as Best."
From the Reading Gazette.
Felly Best's New County appears to be in
danger. An immense 'repeal meeting' was
held at Bloomsbmg on the 15th inst, at
which spirited resolutions wore adopted in
J favor of the repeal of the Montour county
act. A repeal ticket for the Assembly will
!be nom natod in the old county, a d unani
mously supported ; and there is no doubt
that the repeal party will carry the Senato r
in the district. From the opposition mani-,
fested towards the new county, both at
home and throughout the State, there is eve
ry probability that it will be repealed by the j
next Legislature. Best will yet live to reap
the reward of his treachery.
From the Lycoming Gazette. '
A great repeal meeting was held in
Bloomsburg on the 15th inst. The people
of Columbia seem determined to procure
the repeal of the act establising the county
of Montour, at the meeting of the next Le
| glslature. We wish them success.
From the Luzerne Democrat
This is becoming an ominous word with
the good people of Columbia. We should
judge lrom what we see and hear, that there
will be a real war there on the 2d Tuesday
of October. It used to be "Removal".—
Now it is Repeal. What shape or name
(he question will have -when repeal is dis
posed of, time will only determine.
0 From the Lewishurg Chronicle
ty Quite a large meeting was held at
Bloomsburg, Columbia Co., on Saturday
last, in the proceedings of which, notice is
gien that application will be mado to the
next Legislature, to repeal the law of the
last Legislature, creating the new county of
Montour. (
NEW ARRANGEMENT. —Since last Monday
morning the Philadelphia stage leaves this
place at 4 o'clock in the morning, and pas
seegers thus reach the city on the evening of
the same day that they leave Bloomsburg.
I The contract for altering and repair
ing tho Danville Court house was allotted on
Wednesday of last week to Messrs Null &
Voris for $1857.
fF To Best's snarl about Democrats hav
ing voted for the apportionment bill, it is
a sufficient answer to say that the treacher
ous Senator voting with tho Whigs, alone
drove those Demociats to vote astr.ey did.
DEPUTY MARSHALLS. —We understand 'that
Mr. Irvin, the Marshall for the Western Dis
trict of Pennsylvania, has appointed most of
the Deputies. Thomas S. Mackey, of Mil
ton, has been appointed for Northumberland
county; Charles Cook, editor of the I an
ville Democrat, for Montour county ; Israel
Gutelius, of New Berlin, for Union county;
John Knox, of Jersey Shore, for the upper
end of Lycoming county.— Millonian.
IJT We congratulate our friend Cook. His
appointment is a good one, and fully merited.
IV The Easton Argus of the 27th, in
forms us that "the gallant Col Jefferson Da
vis visited that borough week before last.
He remained with us but a few days, being
obliged to return to the discharge of his du
ties at the seat of government. During his
short stay he made many friends, who will
always be pleased to welcome him to our
The same paper says:
WILLIAM T. MORISON, Esq., the Demo
cratic candidate for Canal Commissioner, pro
poses paying a visit during the Summer, to
Northampton and the other eastern counties
of the State. We can assure him a hearty
welcome at the hands ol the Demociacy of
this region.
Cy We hope he will extend his visit into
thi region, where lie will find the yeomanry
ot Columbia ready to give him a warm gree
PROGRESSION. —In Harrisburg, Reading,
Westchester, and some other towns places of
business are closed at eight o'clock in the
evening. The merchants of Danville have
agreedt o adopt a similar rule.
EST The loss by the sinking of tho steam
er Missouri, in the Missippi, a few days
since is $17,000. She was insured for $B,-
Tho Montgnory county Watchman pub
lished in Mr. Myr-jpn's immediate nnigh
borhood spoaks }f his nomination as fol
lows :
"We have witjn a few days had oppor
tunities of co/.vejing with many of our
Democratic friendlfrom different sections of
the County, and do pleased to find that the
nomihalion of tji.uAM T. I'ORISON, meets
with the /nost approbation—
those who aro best wquninted with him, be
ing loudest in his praise. We feel certain
that no mil could iave been selected by
the Convention who could bring a better rep
utation for high moral chapter, for industri
ous businas habits, and those qualifications
generally, Which cannot fail to mako him a
faithful, peWevering, and efficient public of
ficer. Bred to habiis of industry and econ
omy, we think the interests of the State will
be well cared for, 8* far as he is concerned.
The oflico of Canil Commissioner being
one. of much moment to the tax-payers of
the State, and neceisarily involving large ex
penditures of the money of the people, it is
but right they shou'l have some assurance
that those expenditures will be judiciously
made. From whtit we know and hear from
Mr. Morrison, feel sure wo hazzard noth
ing in saying thqt to him the people may with
great safety conbmt this important trust. We
can only ouimo-m, that when
the election comes ifiuntf/we shall show by
the vote which this couuly will poll for hfm,
that we esteem him eminently suited for the
station for which he received the almost
unanimous vote of the Convention."
The Democratic members of tho Legisla
ture, who voted for the present apportion
ment bill have issued an address to the
Democracy of Pennsylvania in which they
treat Senator Best in the following stylo :
"The recent session of the legislature pre
sented the singular political anomaly of the
popular voice as manifested in the house of
representatives, being neutralised and held
in check by a double power ; first, by the
casting vote of a selfish and erratic presi
ding officer in the senate, who sacrificed his
honor ami t-ilty lo .Um*party thai had nour
ished and protected him to attain an object
purely local in its character and results ; el
evated to a high and responsible position b/
an act of base and premeditated political
treachery, he prostituted his official influ
ence and powers at the shrine of his own
selfish ambition, and his senatorial career,
from the commencement until the close of
the session, looked at the accomplishment
of one object, and that was the division of
his own county; to tho attainment of that
' singl ■ object, personal integrity and political
gratitude were willingly hut basely sacrific
ed. The majority in the house were also
restrained in the accomplishment of their
just desire, in reference to tr e passage of an
apportionment bill, by the veto power in the
hands of an executive, who, prior to his e
leetion, had repoatedly disavowed tho policy
of its exercise in his addresses to the people,
from one end of the commonwealth to the
ELEAZER PORTER committed suicide in
Wilkes Barre, by cutting his throat with a
razor He had been absent from town a
few days and relumed on Thursday last. In
the evoning he went to Dr. Miner's and com
plained of being unwell, and wanted the Dr.
to let him stay all night. The Dr. told him
that he could not ke p him very well, but
that he would see him the next morning.
Porter then went to Col. Hillraan's Hotel and
remained all night; he slept but little, s tt
ing up nearly all night. In the Jmoraing ho
went where his wife kept boarding house,
she being absent at tho lime in the city, and
there 6haved and dressed himself. While
he was shaving the Dt* called and talked
with him, and about twenty minutes after
was called back and informed that he had
killed himself. It appears that soon after
die Dr. wont out, Porter took the razor and
went out to the privy and cut a severe gash
in h s arm, from which he ap arently had
nearly bled to death;not content, however,
with the wound in the arm, he took the ra
zor and cut his throat, severing the jugular
vein, and expired in a few minutes.— Wyo
ming Democrat.
Graiiam. —Sinco this gentleman las again
taken etiarge of the Magazire which bears
his name every thing which emanates from
bis establishment is a gem. The portrait of
"Jenny Lind" is a most beautiful specimen
of art, but his premium plate the "First
Prayer" is exquisite. It is a mezzotinto in
the best style of engraving, and is in size 18
by 24 inches. This is to be followed by
another premium y-hte of similar character,
"Christ blessing little children," and both of
these plates will be sent to new $3 subscri
bers to the Magazine or to two new subscri
eers who remit #5 for 2 copies of the Mag
azine. Now is the time to subscri eto Gra
ham ; a new volume commences with the
July number, which contains the finest port
rait of Jenny Lind yet published in this
The Paxinos Furnaca, situated in Shamo
kin township, in this county, has been thor
oughly repaired, and is now in full blast. It
works admirably, and yields about thirty
tons of excellent charcoal iron per week.
The furnace is now owned by Messrs. Tag
gart, Barton &Furman, and is superintended
by tho first named gentleman in person,
who well understands tfce manufacture of
pig metal. We hope receive good
prices for their metal.— Miltonian.
TV The SunDury American says, that the
borough authorities 5f Northumberland,
have enclosed their publio square with a
neat fence and planted a double row of trees
within. /
The Sunbur, A t erican says: The
lain of the Packe, boat Lycoming was finei
last week for running his boat Sunday.
Correspondence of the Public Ledger. s
WASHINGTON, June 27, 1850. '
Fvery thing bears again a bright aspect.
Mr Webster, in a very able speech, brushed
oa the cobwebs which Mr. Soule had vory ,
artfully introduced in the California Bill; ,
showing by the unanimous decision of tho
Supreme Court of the United Stales, that the
objections raised by Mr. Soule now in regard
to the public domain in California have all 1
. been answered, and that the same argument
which Mr. Sonle made on Monday last, had
been made twenty years ago, when Mr.
Webster first took his seat in the United
States Senate, had failed, and exploded then,
and was since forgotten. Mi. Webster spoke
in an exceedingly phlegmatic tone, as if the
subject was not worth talking about, and re
marked that there was nothing in it, that
1 there nevei had been anything in it, and
, that there could not be anything in it Jhereaf
! ter, and in conclusion called on the Honora
f ble Senator from Lousiana to reconside.
- what lie had said, and to aid in, instead of
i preventing, the settlement of this vexed
> question. In the same manner f he replied
' to the other arguments of the Honorable Mr.
i Soule in regard to the extravagant boundary
- oi California. Mr. Webster was for admitt
i ing her as she is, and avowed his conviction
> that nine tenths of the country are for admit -
i ting her as she is.
t The speech of "Black Dan" settles the
j question of the Missouri Compromise, which
' will not receive a single Northern vote in tho
' whole Senate; so that the great demonstra
tion made by the entire South, backed by ihe
Southern Press, and Col. Davis' gallant Miss
issippi Begiment, under a threat ot disolu
tion, havoc, bloodshed, and cutting ofT tho
supplies, will, after all said and dono, and all
the saints invoked in aid of it, come to noth
-3 ing at all. In does not comand one Northern
' vote in either House no, not one ! The
moderate men of ihe North are willing to set
tle the question on the principle ol non-inter
-3 vention ; but they will not accept the ultima
tum of the Nashville Convention, and show
their manhood by resisting it. The South
3 have talked so much about disunion, that
the North is beginning to be tired of it. If
8 they dont want the Compromise Bill.of tho
Committee of Thirteen, they will get Califor
-1 nia clean, dry, without sugar, as the only
means of settling the questitm. Let us sec
f whether the South will dissolve the Union on
' that, and that alone, with the full knowledge
that "all the chivalry" aro alone responsible
1 for the act. The people of the touth—l
' mean not the politicians of elegant leisure
who manufacture public opinion for people
' of less estates—are no bigger fools than the
people o" the North, and are as little desir
' ous to knock their property down from a dol-
lar to fifty cents as the handicraftsman or the
* merchant of the North. It is precisely the
3 people who own real estate in the South that
1 would be the first victims of a disolu'ion ;
1 and we have yet to learn that when they
3 shall be called upon to put iheir hands into
" their breeches' pockets, they will fork up
1 the cash faster tbuu their Northern brethren.
> But it is all nonsense to talk about the dis.
3 olution. of the Union. The great bulk of the
Southern people are as loyal as any of the
North, and besides, there is nothing to fight
about with tire best possible intentions. Sup
i posing California is admitted to-morrow,
i whom could the South attack ? March to
i California and cut off a slice ? Let they try.
! March that Mississippi regiment to Wash
. ington and put down Congress ? Bather
-. dangerous, beforo Gen. Quitman is acquitted
i at he* Orleans for infringing on the neutral
t jty law of 1818. What then is to be done?
YVhy, kick up a row generally. Call togeth
-1 er another Convention, publish another ad*
- dress, pass another set of resolutions, con
-3 taming still more saltpetre, sulphur and char-
I coal than that just issued, and in regard to
1 which the whole Nortn stands aghast. All
3 these things frighten nobody. There is but
1 one issue which involves a fight; because
r it is not a mere worthless, ridiculous abstrac-
I tion, like the Missouri Comromise, but some
r thing tangible. The issue is in regard to
[ lands—the strong point of attraction of the
i whole Anglo Saxon race. I allude hero a-
I gain to the Texan boundary. Texas will
( fight for her boundary as a ma'ler of honor,
. and the disaffected Southern States wil assist
r to bring on a general war. Th ey want to
. dissolve the Union, and are only at a loss
how to do it. In New Mexico they fight for
property, and the fact that the major part of
the population consists of Mexicans and Pu
, eblo Indians, would give additional zest to
, the engagement. The Texan boundSry
C then, is the only pregnant issue; the admiss
, ior. of California, after the South shall have
j defeated Clay's Compromise, will settle it
, self.
j As to the Territories, this Congiess will
, not adjourn (were it to sit till the 4th March,
1851) without having established govern-
C ments for them ; let the Nullifiers vote a
gainst that if they dare ; or* let them go
home, for we can spare them exceedingly
well, and bo all the better off without them.
If it is time to stop Northern Free Soil and
Abolition agitation it is quite time to stop
glorifying the Nullifiers, and making heroes
and statesmen out of a mere factious set of
unruly politicians. Let us draw a cordon san
itaire around the nullifying States, that the
plague spots may not spread and disaffect
, other States of the Union. Nullification
must be rebuked as much as Abolitionism ;
, public opinion must brand it as a crime a
gainst the country, or it will spread and viti
ate the whole body politic. If we had Gen
[ Jackson at the head of public affairs, the ca
reer of the Nullifyers would not be as bright
f as it now is. He would have shown ram
pant ambition a different prospect.
Gen. Foote took the floor nfler Daniel
Webster, and made the best, effective.Union
. speech that was delivered on the floor of
that Senate. He gave us the history of the
L Missouri compromise, challenging contra
, diction in the Senate or the House. It appears
from what Gen. Foote stated that immediate
ly after Mr. Buchanan had written his Berk-
Jlfounty harvest home letter, he, Gen. Foote,
[Tqguferred with Mr. Calhoun, expressing his
"j" readiness to offer the Missond ; >omprftttlise j
as an amendment to the Oregon Bill. Mr.
Calhoun spurned the offer, looked upon the
Missouri lino as unconstitutional, and as a
most dangerous moans of dividing the coun
try into geographical halves, which would,
soonor or later, lead to disunion. General
Footo here qnnted numerous extracts from
Mr. Calhoun's speeches at the lime. Still it
was remarked by Southern Senators that tho
Missouri line would he a settlement, and to
give peace and harmony to the country, he,
F, ote, was willing to offer it. Again objec
tion was made that such a proposition would
be "degrading" if coming from the South, I
and Foote was willing to obviate that too.
He was conferring with Northarn Senators,
and found that Mr. Bright, of Indiana, was
willing to assume the responsibility in a
spirit of conciliation and patriotism. Bright
and Foote saw President Polk, and the a
mendment embodying tip Missouri Com
promise was drawn up at the White House-
Bright offered it, but the South gave it by
no means a generous support, and though
Calhoun voted for the amendment, he even
tually voted against the bill, because it had
that amendment to it. Amongthe men who
voted it down were those who are now
most clamorous for the Missouri lire.
It was afterwards stated, and slated cor
rectly, that Mr. Buchanan was, at the earn
est solicitation of his southern friends, will
ing to write another letter ; but Bceiug the
course things had taken meanwhile, Mr.
Buchanan declined. After the election of
Gen. Taylor, Mr. Buchonan was again press
ed, but he then answered that he was con
verted to the non interfTor.ci. that
he had fought under that principle during
tho Presidential campaign, and that he would
not obtrude his opinion on the public. Mr.
Foote then made Mr. Buchanan a visit at
Wheatland, near Lancaster, and urged him
again ; but at tho opening of Congress, Mr.
Foote and another southern gentleman, can
vassed both Houses, and found that the Mis
souri compromise could not pass, too many
southern men being opposed to it.
Mr. Buchanan withheld his letter; and
now the vary men who would denouce Gon.
Foote in the South, for falling back upon the
doctrine of the Nicholson letter, (after Gen.
Cass, as Mr. Foote stated, had been willing
to vote with self-sacrificing generosity in
support of the Missouri Line,) are those who
opposed the Missouri line when proposed,
while he, Foote, stuck to it till he found it
could not carry. Mr. Foote said he was
now willing to vote for it; but not as a con
ditio sine qua non ; for he was ready to settle
the question in any manner that should
serve our glorious Union. Gen.' Foote Tfflt
true patriot, as I always have described him,
ready to immolate himself by tho inch' to
save his countiy. OBSERVFB.
Tribune has advices from Mexico down to a
very late period, 13th inst. There is not the
slightest grouud for the rumor which pre
vailed at Washington of a revolution in Mex
ico and the return of Santa Anna. Every
thing appears as quiet politically as it has
for the laat year past. An extra session of
Congress was to be h&ld on the 20th instant,
to prt>vide resources for the general Govern
ment to cover the expenses of the Admini -
tration, and to decree whatever economical
measures they may consider expedient. The
cholera, it is feared, would keep h i mem
bers Irom the Assembly. Twenty thousand
deaths had occurred this season by it in the
country. When the rainy season set in in
Guanajuato the cholera ceased almost at
once. Sign or Otero had died of cholera.
He was the principal o" one of the committ
ees, who, together with the Minister of Fi
nance, had been in constant activity for a
number.of days previous to his decease, and
still were occupied in regulating the public
debt for the immediate action of Congress
on the opening of the extra session. The
approaching Presidential Election begins to
attract public attention, and many candidates
are spoken of; five already proposed—viz :
Gen. Arista, D. Luisde la Rosa, Gomez Pe
draza, Gen. Almonte and Gen. Bravo.
Too LATE BV AN HOUR. —A Clerk in the
War Department, from Maine, died one eve
ning. The next morning the Whig portion
of the delegation from that State waited upon
the Secretary of War precisely at 10 o'clock
apologized for calling so early and solicited
the appointment of a certain candidate to
fill the vacancy The Secretary received
them very politely, and said that there was
no necessi y for making an apology, bu re
plied: "I must be frank with you, ar.Q tell
you that the vacancy is already filled by the
appointment of Mr. Cox, of this city." The
delegation simpered, looked wild, smiled
and vamosed.
FARMERS ATTEND. —The Philadelphia Ag
ricultural Socieiy, in an address to the far
mers of Pennsylvania, recommend the or
ganization of a State Society, and to this
end propose holding a Farmers' Slate Con
vention at Harrisburg, on the 3d Tuesday of
January, 1851. Every county in the State is
invited to send delegates. This is an impor
tant move and should receive a due share of
attention from 'arraera in every section of
this Slate.
flt would seem that the people of the
northern part of the State, have been called
011 to aid the sufferers by the floods in Elk
county, during tho Fall of 1848. Several of
the citizens of that neighborhood have pub
lished a Card, declaring that though thankful
for the kindnesz which they haveunders.ood
was manifested towards them, they never
authorized any application for aid to be
made by any person or persons.
CONVICTED —At the U. S. District Cou* in
VY lliamsport last %eck, Chs. Garheart was
convicted of robbing the mail at Tanville,
and Baldwin of robbing the mad at
Great Bend Both were sentenced tq ten
years' imprisonment.
B. J. Brewster, of YV'' lge# i )oroU gj l) p a ,,son
of Hon. Jonah frey, ?ler| died „ p al , anM) on
the 25th of May.
United Stntcs Senator.
Tho Cumberland Valley Spirit expresses
its preference for James X. MacLanahan the
talented Democratic Congressman lrom that
district as the next United States Senator,
and, then adds: "But should the claims of
Mr. MacLanahan be disregarded by the Le
gislature—Should Fianklin County be refus
ed the United States Senator—should the
Democratic members of the Legislature look
upon other Counties of the State as having
stronger claims than ours, then we give a de
cided preference to the Hon. Georgo W.
| Woodward for the post. Apart from Judge
Woodward's purity as a man and as a Dem
ocrat, and of his abilities as a speaker, he
has claims upon the party, in consequence
of the shameful treatment 1 e experienced at
the hands of the guorrillaß, in 1845, at tho
time Simon Cameron, by a combination
with the Whigs and Native Americans, was
permitted to enter into the Senators office,
not through the door,, but over the regular
caucus nominee.
We hope then for the future, that no man
in the least favorable to the breaking down
of long established Democratic usages, will
ever again be elevated by the Democratic
party tp a seat iif any Legislative body. Bet
ter for us a thousand fold to be defeated at
the polls, than afterwards to be betiayed by
false lriends into the hands of our enemies.
*. #
Hon. John Strohm. 4P
This gentleman who was so strenuously
urged for the post of Canal Commissioner by
his friends in this county, received his quie
tus in the Convention, on the ground of opp
osition to the Mexican war ( ! ) whilst a mem
ber of Congress. One delegate, a Mr. King
of Bedford, said, in the course ol hip remarks,
that he would have voted as Mr Strohm did,
had he been a member of Congress ; but he
would not think it safe to go before the peo
ple after such a vote. You could not make
tho people believe it right. Another dele
gate, Mr. Richards, of Berks, said that the
objection to Strohm was a valid one. A man
who would vote against supplying the A
merican troops during war, would meet with
a defeat unprecedented in Pennsylvania.
The Lancaster delegates wanted to file a
protest against the action of the Convention
in regard to Mr. Strohm—but this was deni
ed them, some of the members alleging that
it was an insult offered to the Convention,
After btfing alternately brow-beaten, bully
ragged and coaxed, the delegates finally
withdrew the paper, tacitly consentiug to.
have the politica guillotine applied to tho
neck of Mr. Strohm.— Lancaster Intelligencer.
TAVERN LICENSES. —The following is the
fourth section of a law, passed last
Legislature. It is important, and pEces the
Courts of Quarter Sessions in a new position.
SEC. 4. That from and after the passage
of this act, the several Courts of Quarter
Sessions of the l'eacoofthis Commonwealth,
(except that of the city and county of Phila
delphia,) shall have power to grant or refuse
a license to any person to keep a public
house for the accommodations Jof strangere
or travellers, notwithstanding the application
of sncli person may he in duo forjn and ac
companied by the recommendation require
red by the existing laws.
Throwing Stones. •
The following, from the Gaston Whig, is
a plieablu to other boroughs than Eastou :
"We have frequently observed the throw
ing of 6tones by boys in the streets, endan
gering and sometimes injuring the passers
by. Not long since a little girl was hit by
some little scamp and severely injured. If
thero is no #} to punish sucn conduct, it is
time that the Town Council turn their atten
tion to the matter, and devise a remedy. Let
them impose a fine for every offence of the
ki..d, and t ey will not often occur.
The Compromise Bill.
The friends of the Compromise Bill be
fore the Senate are now confident that it will
pass that body by a majority of six or eight.
The Senators favorable to it have determin
ed henceforth to refrain from all debate so
as to get a vote as soon as possible. We
may look for the question being taken tow
ards the last of next week.
IT The Doylestown Independent Demo
crat announces that Jashua Dungan, of Bucks
county, the anti-war Whig candidate for Ca
nal Cimmissioner, was a noisy opponent of
the war, the very sin ♦or which Mr. Strohm
was denied the nomination. This is some
thing like gtfjng out for wool and coming
home shorn.
DISTRESSING.-— We learn that upwards of
forty of the residents of Logansviile, a small
village in Sugar Valley, Clinton county, have
died feince the Ist of January last, of a vio
lent fever. It has visited nearly ever}' fami
ly in the village, but has somewhat abated.
The Packages of census documents to bo
distributed amongst the Marshals and assis
tants, will weigh obout 100,000 pounds. The
schedules alone will consume several thou
sand reams of paper.
LEAD ORE. —Rich specimens of lead ore
have been discovered on the farm of Thos.
Howard, in Kelley township, Union county.
Explorations will be made to ascertain tho
extent and character of the deposit.
Oen. Cass and the Presidency At the late
county Meeting of the Democrats of Schuyl
kill county, a resolution in favor of Lewis
Cass, as their first choice for the Presidency,
was passed.
Union and Harmony.—The two wings of
the Democratic party in New York, are at
length uxited and tho Albany Atlas containsa
joint call for a State Convention at Syraousu
on the Uth of September next.
Mr. Calhoun's la6t speech in the United
States Senate, printed on fine Satin in gold,
is sold in South Carolina at five dollar* per

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