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THE STAR OF THE NORTH.
•• W% nm Proprietor.] •• —" ' 1 — 1 ' . . ■ "-p"; . ' | Tmth and Bight—Get! and oar Comtrj. DlUri per Aaatm. VOLUME 3. TIB BTAB OP TOE NORTH It published every Thursday Morning, by R.|W-,WEAVER. I OFFICE—Up stairs in the New Brick building : on the south tide of Main street, third 1 square below Market. Tmm : —Two Dollars per annum, >( Within six months from the time of s> oscri bing ; two dollars and fifty not pHid witlun the year No subscr.; plion rece fv P d for a less period than stx v on & 8 . no diacon tintwnce permitted unT.i all arrearages are pud, unless at I* e option of the editms. I ".",EMENTanot exceeding one square. oe inserted three times for one dollar, and cwenty-five cents for each additional insertion A liberal discount will be made to those who ad . vsrtist by the year. MV BREECHES. BT 0. W. HOLMES. It chanceil to be our washing day, And all our things were drying ; The storm came roaring through the lines, And sent them all a Hying. I saw the sheets and petticoat* Go riding off like witches ; I lost—oh: bitterly I wept— I lost my Sunday breeches. * ! •I saw them straddling through the air, Alas! too lato to win thorn ; I saw them chase the clouds as if The very duce was in litem; They were my darling and my pride, My boyhood's only riches; Farwell! farwell! I faintly cried, My breeches !—-oh, my breeches! . j That night I saw them in my dreams— How changed since last I knew them ! The dews lied steeped their faded thread, ! The wind had whistled through them ; > I saw the wide and ghastly rents, Where demon claws had torn them— A hole was in their hinder parts, As if an imp had worn them. I have had mar.y happy yeats, And tailors kind and clever, But those young pantaloons were gone, I Forever aud forever! And not till 'ate shall cut the la-t Of all my earthly stitches, This aching heart shall cease to mourn My loved, my long-lost breeches. REMARKS OT MR. GRIFFIN, OF rATETTE COUNTY, On the resolutions rebit ire to a modification of th* Tariff of 1846, delivered on Saturday and Monday, February Bth and 10 th. BKPOUTED BY W. E. DRAKE. i Sir. GRIFFIN rose and said— Mr. Speaker :—I have no disposition to pro- 1 long, unnecessarily, this discussion, but as I represent a great manufacturing comity, and i also that I am under the very shadow of the j great prince of tariffs, the Hon. Andrew j Stewart, of whom you have all heard, it, ! perhaps, will be expected, that I should say : something, oil this question, in explanation ' to the vote which I intend to give. Sir, you, j as well as a number ol the members of this , House, arcuware that 1 am opposed to the • introduction of questions of a national char- I acler in our legislature. Yon will, proba bly, recollect that at the last session I offered . a resolution declaring it inexpedient to con- | •tints the time of tho legislature in cousid- i eritg and debating questions upon which ! we cannot act definitely and finally. But I f°und there were some disposed to give tno i "Hail Columbia," for tho act; yet, many gentlemen, I ascertained, took the same view of tho subject that I did, and I think that, at that time, the able and eloquent mem ber from Armstrong, (Mr. Rhey)—when a j national question was under discussion in i this House—rose in his place, immediately ; behind me, and said : "Mr. Speakor, if a stranger were to come into this hall, aud lii ten to tbie discussion, ho would think that he I had taken the wrong cars and reached Wash ington," and be then immediately called the previous questiou. Now, sir, with him it j apposes that circumstances alter cases. Then, when 1 offered the resolutions to which i have alluded, as well as new, 1 conceived the the time of the body would be much ! better and more profitably employ ed in at- I tending to thv Ivgiiimatß 11*111?" before ns, ! lparuut to Congress tho settlement of nil na- j (ional questions. And, ir, there \ vas another reason that ao- j turn'eil in? on the occasion ; it was the fret j that Pennsylvania sends too many instruct ing resolutions to Washington, as if we were (Under the impression that our Senators and j members iu Congress do not understand the j state of publio opinion iu Pennsylvania, end | win not do their duty by their constituents Sir, in my opinion the Legislature ot this Commonwealth has made an Israelite ol her j self. She is e bye-word and a reproach at j Washington- It is nothing uncommon to hear it said in ' Congress, "here come more Pennsylvania instructing resolutions.', But as this House hoe thought proper to enter upon the discus- ! •ion of the question of the tariff to-day, I thought there would be no impropriety in my making iu indulgenoe while I make a tew remarks on e question about which thee*fe eo meoh difference of opinion. I em not afraid to express my sentiments with out disguise, although a* I said before, 1 come from quder tho immediate shadow of the groat leader of the protective system.— And why, sir, do 1 not tear to give my vote I Sir, previous to the election in Ootober last, the organ of that honorable geutleman came out upon my colleague aud myself, and gave ue fits for not voting fot the instructing reso lutions at the last session of the Legislature. It asked the question—"What will the peo' pie of fef ette county say to this aud i BLOOMSBURG, COLUMBIA COUNTY, PA., THURSDAY, MARCH 6, 1851. | Sl ' ( ' et 'i "lot thym answer on Tuesday next." Well, tde people did answer, anil our major- ily was increase I over (he preceding elec j tic.ii hy about thrco hundred voles. No, sir, | 1 am not afraid to meet the question either j here or elsewhere. I huve long been accus- I tomed to hear the question of the tariff dis- I cused, and that, too, from my earliest child hood. I repeat thai I have heard it nearly all my life from one of the greatest champi ons and advocates of the system—ever since ' I was able to read. That man, I believe, never made a speech in his life, either iu I | this body, on the stump, or in Congress, thai did not either begin or end with the tariff. [ (A laugh.) With Mr. Andrew Stewart lam | and have been personally acquainted from my buyhood. Well, sir, in hearing that gen- | ' tlemar, and others discuss this great national question, 1 have always been reminded of the nursery story which always ended with ! "this is the House that Jack built.', And this tariff subject runs something after the ' same fashion. "If we don't have a tariff for the protection of our manufactures, we will 1 all break up and certain it is we all will break i up, if you do not give us a tariff for our i manufactures." Now, sir, that Is about the ' i burthen of the song. I come from the old j est manufacturing county in western Penn | i sylvania, Allegheny, perhaps, excepted; I am certain tl.at as far as the manufacture of glass is concerned, that branch of business i has been the longest established in Fayette i county. Sir, the lato Albert Callatin, soon ! i after the settlement of that part of I'ennsyl- 1 1 vania, was tho means of bringing into it a I number of Germans, from Maryland, who 1 i embarked in the manufacture of glass ; and i ever since thai time we have beon gradually 1 increasing and improving it, until, at length, ' i we can now boast of having seven extensive I 1 and splendid glass factories. I i Mr. Speaker, our county did not only, at j < nn early day, embark in tho manufacture of 1 i glass alone, but soon after her settlement she ; < engaged in the manufacture of iron. Not ; i long after the revolution tho Messrs. Mason j r came to our county, and made large fortunes < by engaging in and prosecuting the iron but 3inc6s. There was also a gentleman from Chester county, by the name of Evans. By i the way, my venerable friend from the conn- , I ty of Columbia (Mr. M'Reynolds) was ac- < quainted with a son ot his who has been en- ! i ricked, ami is one uf me weulttilusi men in < our section of the Stale, in consequence of < his father's success in the business to which I have already referred Tho old gentleman < amassed a very largo fortune, and that, too, ! < at a time when there were no high prolec- j < live duties imposed. Well, sir, how did he [ ' succeed iu doing so .' Why, by the exer- i cisc of tho strictest economy, the most rigid < prudence, and an ever watchful attention to ; his business. It was no uncommon occur- I I reuce to see that industrious, frugal and in- I defatigable man. with whip in hat.d, driving his own team. lie was over on the look out j ' and never lost sight of turning to his advan- j ' lUge anything that pertained to his business. 1 With his industrious habits and attention, he 1 needed no protection Irom the government;' ' and if others had followed his example, we ' would not have this eternal and never ccas ' ing outcry for protection—year after year. \ 1 Now, sir, there is another iiistanco, Mr. F. j 1 Hughes Olipknnt, of my county, a gontloman ' of capital, who engaged also in the iron bu sittess, has realized a very handsome fortune 1 by unremitting attention to business, and by ' economy and prudence. This gentleman i survived the hard times of 1840—the great I pressure of thai period—and ho never sua- i pended opcralious for otto day. He did not noed the protection of the government in or- 1 der to enrich him. Mr. Speaker, I atn merely relating my ob- ; ' solvations iu reference to this matter of the tariff". I have told you hoty those inanufac-j 1 turers succeed in my cotttity, and we have ! got a number of them of various descript ions. Sir, I set it down as a .willed rule, to which there are few, if any, exceptions, that J 1 where there is capital to go upon and strict j 1 economy is observed in the besiaess, no fail I uros will take olace. Where is there a gen- i 1 lleman, either on this floor oraisewhere, that. 1 can uduce any exception to tborule I have j laid down Sir, tt cannot be done. Now, ; 1 when a man has no capital, or happen e to be unfortunately located, I grant you he cannot get along without a protective 'arid to sus tain him. But, is not that the case in every business in which a man may choose to en- i'. be in the mercantile, farm ing, specuUtidJ. in Bhort . other P" r ' j iU ,ii Without oapu. al he cannot succeed in ! business. Adjourned. Second DAY, Feb. 10, 1851. I Mr. GRIFFIN said: Mr. Speuker —Just be j fore concluding my remarks on Saturday last, | when I gave way in consequence of tiie hour 'of adjournment having arrived, I put this questiou to the House : "Will any gentle man rise in his place and say that he knows | an instance in which a manufacturer, with j sufficient capital, and who exercising pru dence aid economy, has failed to realize a hanpsome profit upon his investment 1" Sir I pause lor a reply. Mr WALK EH —Yes, I do. I refer the gen tlemen to Mr. Hughes, of his own country, lie was rold out three times. Mr. GRIFFIN —WeII, sir, I do not know what were the resources at the command of Mr. Hughes when he commenced bisiuess, but judging from the location of his manu factory ; if he hadoapital aud tailed, ho cer tainly acted uuithcr with prudoticc nor econ I onty. But, if was told out llitec times, as . the gentleman from Allezhenny (Mi. Walk er) says he was, it must strike every one that in the last two instances, at least, he pursued his busier!< on borrowed capital. Further, in reply to tho gentlemen from Allegheny, sir, 1 will venture the assertion, without fear ol successful contradiction, that in the iron manufacturing business there are more instances in which men, having little or no capital, have made fortunes, than there | are men having capital, and who failed. It, therefore, follows that all capital, when prop j erly and prudently directed, will give a fair | per centage. j Mr. Speaker, I ask again to refer to the ' Fair Chance iron works and Spring Hill fur nace, in our county ; the first owned and [ conducted by the gentleman to whom I have alluded, Mr. F. Hughes Olephant. The latter has made two fortunes for its owners. It is true that tho gentleman who last owned 1 the Spring Hill furnace failed for a large a mount, but this was not owing to a want to a want of success with that establishment, but to tho fact that he was perhaps 100 sue cessful. He commenced there with a very small capital, and in a short time he was able to pay for the whole establishment.— Like some others, who have been engaged in the iron business, he became inflated with his success, and attempted to tun two oilier furnaces, at distant, inconvonient and expensive points while he lived in an extrav agant style, and, as was to be expected, he spent all he had accumulated in the days of i his prndetice and economy, and failed. But he to this hour, (although belonging to the school of politics which claims the tariff as its own offspring) does not dare to attribute his failure to tliu tariff of '46. No, sir, tho cry for an increased tariff does not come from Fayette county. Sit. Mr. Andrew Stew art attempted, at a public meeting in that county, recently, to mount his old hobby, and to renew the cry for a tariff, to produce effect abroad ; but, conscious that at home tho public opinion aud experience were against him, with his usual cunning, ha en deavored to unite it with tho fugitive slave question ; but iu this he failed. Sir, as I have said, there is no cry coming tip from ray county; the disease is to be found in another region, and the hue and cry comes up from the Clarion and Arm strong districts. Sir, let us look, lor a mo nmiitj <*i l# ttf tLa irqn hu&lnOKß of that district. The Kittauning rolling mill,, at Kittanning, j conducted by Mr. James E. Brown, was ] established since the tariff of 1846 went into operation. It has the capacity of throwing off' four thousand tons ol iron per annum, & is now in full blast. Tho monthly balahcc sheet presented to tho owners, exhibits tiie affairs of the concern as being in a very flourishing condition. And his excellency, William F. Johnston, lias a considerable in vestment in this establishment, and receives, therefore, a handsome per centage. Strange, that with all his wisdom, his shrewdness and cunning—and his friends laud him for all these—that ho should invest his money in j an iron establishment, and that too not be- i lore but after the passage of this ruinous tar iff of 1846. The Pine Creek, alias "Skinall ( furnace," which obtained its "alias" from the reputation of its owner, was erected a few years ago by this same Mr. Jatnes E. Brown, of Kittanning, a gentleman celebra ted for his close dealing and great business habits. He is a mail of capital, his furnace is in full operation, and he tins been lieatd to declare that pig metal could be made a: 1 it for thirteen dollars per ton. The Ore Hill, j ulias "Look-out-in-time" furnace, is now i owned by tho Messrs. M'Cutcheon, of Pitts- I burg, men of capital. This furnace is in I blast, aud a large stock is now on hand. The ! Muiioning, alias'-Hungry Hook" furnace, is i owned by A. &J. Cadwell, men of capital, j The funaco is in full Hast, and doing a profitable business. The stock on hand now ' will m ike one thousand two hundred tons of pig metal, and they have refused fifty thou- : sand dollars for the establishment. The Red Bank, alias "Pinch Gut" furnace, is tho prop erty ot Messrs. Reynolds & Richey, wko are ! men of capital. This furnace is now in! blast, and about two years ago they declared ! a dividend of twenty thousand dollars each. Aud the Buffalo furnace, with two stacks is j located on Buffalo creek. It is owned by Peter Graff & Co., gentlemen of capital, and j is now in blait, aud although they have been obliged to haul most of ihoir materials from a distance of eight miles, yet they heve declared that they have cleared ten thousand dollars per annum. There are I other instances, but I presume it is unneces- I sary to enumerate any more of lliem. Sir, 1 I ftk'pw that these men, as well as others, cry j out against the taftff of 1840, but their ob- I ject is apparent. It is to enable them to make greater profits, for men are seldom satisfied with their profits, let them be what they may. While I state these instances, I wish to show that capital, if properly inves ted, and the business is economically con ducted, will j ield a good per centage on th i investment, whether we have the so called protective tariff or not. Sir, it is those only who commence business without capital— who have no foundation upon which to base their operations, that need the bounty and protection of the government. I grant you that they cannot compete either with the for eign or domestic manufacturer who is pos sessed of capital. Aud why I Becauso they have not the requisite means, the resourcos to carry oil business j iu fact, their opera tions rail on a sandy foundation, and when tho storm comes and the rain falls, thoy can not resist its overwhelming effect*, and con- sequently are prostrated in the dust. They commenco on credit, end pay in • prom ises. If they borrow capital, they have to pay six per cent., or more, for the use of it; but should they not be compelled to resort to that course, they nevertheless have to pay, or rather promise to pay, more than thst up on all produce and every thing that enters into the manufacture of their article, be cause they do not obtain any thing on cred it as cheap as they would for cash. Besides, too, you must take into consideration tho fact of the existence of a fictitious currency, which is about sixty-six per cent, below the real value of money, and if I mistake not the signs of the times, this difficulty will be increased by the adoption of a system of banking upon debt. Then add to all the dis advantages to which I have alluded that of location, and you unavoidably make them pensioners upon the bounty of tho govern ment. I will now proceed to notice the Phoenix furnace, sitiTated on the Mahoning creek, in Armstrong county. It was commenced a few years ago by Mr. Whan, a man without capital, and before it was completed, it went into the hands of Smith & Co.; and they not having sufficient canital to prosecute their undertaking, obtained a credit from Mr. Lamar, a grocer of Pi'.lsburg, for the sum of 86,000 in goods; and they also entered into an article of agreement with tho Holland land company for about fourteen hundred acres of land, upon which they paid about fifty dollars, the balanee bearing interest. Accordingly, with this aid and assistance, they commenced completing the erection of the furnace, but the parties disagreed about the time that the stack-was completed, and an officer of this Housfe. (and for whom I entertain the highest regard,) the only man who had any moi.ey worth naming, went out of the company. It has since fallen in to the hands of several owners, and in order to prove that they were men without capital, I mention the fact that the land upon which tho works are erected, is not yet paid for j and, at the last court of Armstrong county, the claim of Mr. Lamar, still remaining un settled, was pressed for collection. The ag gregate claim against the establishment would exceed 320,000. The furnnce is now in blast, and the present owners believe that they will be able to relieve it from its diffi culties and embarrassments, by the proceeds arising from the sale of their pig metal, pro vided the government will enable them to sell for a high price. The Buffalo furnace was erected by Nicholas Biddle and Henry D. Rogers, the State geologist. After the failure of Mr. Biddle ane the United States Bank, tho works were purchased at Sheriff's sale by Messrs. Graff & Co., who are men of capital, and have carried ou the business successfully Since the furnace came into their hands, they have erected an additional stack. They state thesr profits to average 310,000 per annum. The Cowan Shannock, alias "The Bake Oven" furnace, was erect ed by Messrs. Bonner, men without capital It has since been sold to Messrs. Brown & M'Connel, and is now in blast. The Olney furnace, erected by Messrs. M'Cray & Gal brarlh, is not in blast, the owners having failed in consequence of tho indifferent quality of the ore in the vioinity of this establishment, —it requiring four hundred bushels of charcoal to make one ton of met-' al. In the neighboring county o f Clarion, there was a perfect mania for building furnaces and iron works. Those who could raise a few hundred dollars, or get credit, must have one. The consequence is, they have overdone the rnaltvr. Even the Senator from Clarion, (Mr Myers,) the liege lord of Martha, was not content with her, but must have another, [a laugh,] and if he has faiV ed, it was because he wants to do too much. Now, sir, hero is the true stato of the mat. I ter, in reference to invokiug the fostering care of tho government. These gentlemen engaged in trie manufacture or iron, tell us that they will break up unless thay have its protection, when in fact they havo nothing to lose But, nevertheless they have the effrontery to come forwurd end ask the gov ernment to give them what they have not- Then, why this Clario.i voice, this lamenta tion and t vol Sir, the history of the matter is this ; a parcel of rogues went into that country, and persuaded the good people that they would not only get rich themselves, but also make others so. By this representation, they wheedled them out of their grain and provisions, and no* instead of getting twice as much as their neighbors, as* the gentle man from Clarion said, they will get nothing. Therefore, as a matter of course, all the blante and odium is to be attributed to the tariff. Sir, that voice is long and loud, but it is not quite alone; for we heat another dole" fill sound—(looking in the direction of the seat of the member from Lebanon) that dis mal cry ootnes up from amid the cedars of Lebanon, and chimes in harmonious concord —"the tariff, tariff, tariff." (A laugh.) These, sir, are the pleadings of the friends of the would-be favorites of Heaven. Why, ate thoy not composed of flesh and blood like others ? Do they not breathe tho same air, and move in the same light of the day, and live under the same government as oth ers ?—a government whose genius is equal privileges to all, and special privileges to none. From whence do they derive the j right—a right granted to none other? But, 1 sir, if their prayers should bo granted, those ! who do possess capital would be reaping im i monso profits al the expense of the people of these Slates. Now, Mr. Speaker, I have, as I believe, clearly and conclusively shown that this right is no where to be found, and it re mains for the friends of special privileges to disprove, if they can, my position ; und if they are able to do that, 1 want them to devise some means by which those having no capital, and who wish to be farmers, mer chants. &c., may he treated with as much benevolence and kindness as the iron mas ters. The gentleman from Clarion (Mi. Laughlin) would have us believe tbal it is greatly to the advantage of the laborers to have these establishments—that cannot sus" tain themselves—kept up. He wishes us to believe that they can get nothing else to do, nor are they fitted for any other labor. Now, if this be so, they may well exclaim, in the language of Cardinal Wolsoy, "how wretch ed is that poor man who hangs on Princes' favors !" But, sir, is it true that they can get nothing else to do ? The opportunities to obtain employment are very numerous among our farmers and others. If, howev er, they cannot gel work at reasonable com pensation, they have another remedy. There is almost any amount of unseated lands, both iu this State as well as others, upon which they could live much better than they do now. The friends of protectiou urge that a pro tective tariff benefits the farmer, by increas ing the price of hi grain and provisions. Now, sir, it the price of the anicie is en hanced by an additional duly—and that is certainly the object of the manufacturers in asking it—how then is the farmer benefit ted? If he gets a higher price for his pro duce, he pays more for the article which he receives in return ; and thus one balan ces the other. The consequence is, that he is not in the least benefitted. If on tho con trary it has the effect to reduce the price of the article, then the obj ct defeats itself—no protection being afforded. They cannot pay a high per centage on the capital which •hey employ, and upon everything that en ters into tho manufactured article, and at the same time sell for a low price. Sir, 1 have no disposition to go into a discussion of the effects of a tariff, whether based on the ad valorem, specific, minimum or the foreign or home valuation, because my friend from Cumberland (Mr. Bonham) I has debated that matter so ably that it would :be superfluous in me to detain the house with anything I could say in relation to it. j Now, sir, in tho otiginal resolution before this body, something is said about increas ing the duty on coal, but not a word has fallen from any gentleman here I believe, nn that subject. If it be that coal needs more protection, I should like to know where this species of legislation is to end. Is it England that we wish to stand up against .' She has to get her coal from the deep bow els of the earth, and it is not reasonable to suppose that she would import to this coun try any very great amount ol coal, as it would not pay. Then why, I ask, should there be an increase of the tariff on that ar tile? I presume, sir, those who advocate an increase of it, look for competition from other quarters. We have lately heard that a son of Robert Burns, the celebrated Scot tish poet, who has rnauo a geological sur vey o r the island of Borneo, has discovered mmense coal beds upon it ; and perhaps, it is for feai of competition from that quar ter. Sir, I would like to know where is the necessity of an increase of the duty upon coal * Mr. DOBBINS. —I would merely state that there are largo bodies of coal on this conti nent. The Pictou coal mines are the most exlonsive in the world. Mr GRIFFIN —WeII, sir, that is very satis factoiy, indeed. Sir, it is sufficient for me to know that since the passage of the act of 1846 we j have received a higher price for our pro- 1 duce of different kinds than under the tariff' of 1842. At best, the manufacturer has an | advantage over tho farmer; he fixes the pri- I ces of his own articles, and also the prices i of the grain and provisions of the tiller of , (he soil. Under the protective system this [ advantage is increased. Now, where is (he benefit to bo derived from a high protective 1 'ariff? I have been taught to believo that J like causes produce like effects, and we see the effects of the protective system in j Great Britain.—VYhat has it brought that , country to.' Do we wish to be in tho same condition? Sir, I listened, several days since, with some interest, in the Senato, to the remarks of the Senator from Berks, (Mr Muhlenberg.) who spoke of the beneficial j effects of rhe protective system of Great ! Britain. He said that that system had made I it what it is—the richest and most powerful ' country on the globe, and that it had expan- i ded its territory to such a degree as that the ; sun never sets on its dominions. But, sir, that gentleman forgot to tell us that very | system had impoverished the mass of the ' people—that it had brought ruin, and mise- I ry and poverty upon them. Now, do we i want such a state of things in this country? I trust not. In my opinion, the true policy | of the United States is to keep the ngricul- i tural interests in tho ascendancy, and that! is the policy of most countries. Why to | make the agricultural inlerett dependent upon the manulacturing, would be like re versing the order of nature, and the same disastrous consequences would ensue. Our first parents were agriculturalists in their primeval state.—They tended tho garden, \ and so long as they were content to do that, I they enjoyed :the smiles of Heaven. But I old mother Eve turned manufacturer, and from that lime may be dated the misery and wretchedness of this world. Sir, some of our ablest statesmen, at all periods of the existence of our government, have opposed the doctrine of protection for the sake of protection; among these I would mention John Q. Adams and Albert Gallatin— the former for ttoror.siderabletime in his long political life held the principle ttiata high tar iff was the policy of this government—and the latter never. Nor do we find writers up on political economy advocating the doctrine. I do not recollect that any eminent author, either in the old or the new woild, takes that ground. Even since this question has been brought into the political arena, and has caused so much excitement and discussion, our great American, Dr. Francis Wayland, has pub lished a work in which he repudiates the doc trine as impolitic. This distinguished gentle man, I believd, is a Whig—at least I have two very good reasons for thinking so—tho first is becaue he lives in Providence, Rhode Island, and the second is because he is a minister.—(Laughter.) But, sir, will the tar iff asked for produce the desired effect? Will it act as tho great regulator, keeping tho market regular for the pomestic manufacture r, anpdrevent the importer from selling chea per at ome times than at others; You might as well dass an act to regulate tho weather. v o, sir, the law of sudly and demand is the greato reSulator. The present depression of t he iron buisness in this country is the efeel o f causes over which our government could h ave no control. The failure of raihoad compa nies iu Europe has caused a great influx of ron into this country; anil it would make no difference if we had a duty o( forty or fifty per cent. Under such circumstances our manufacturers could not sell as cheap as the importers, because they must sell at some price. But why, sir, pass these resolutions ? Ac- j cording to tho admission of Home gentlemen, j the instructing resolutions of '46, which i tied our Senators hand and foot, prevented j them from getting a duty of forty per cent, upon iron.—The Legislature told them that ' they should vote for the act of '42; they | could make no compromises If gentlemen , are sincere in their desires, why wish to : place them in a like position? But our | membes you cannot instruct; you request ! them. Well, what will they do? Some of: them come from districts that are not entire ly under the control of. the manufacturers. J Will they obey? You may call "spirits: from the vasty deep," but will they come ? I trust, sir, they will not comply, so that truth ami justice may soon triumph over er- j ror. ***** -That the Coflce is not Strong." . The appending stanzas are copied from | Fisher's Drawing Room Scrap Book, where 1 they are entitled "The Foolish Quarrel." j They possess a deal of merit, and are dts- i tinguished for the wit and good-humored ; satire embraced in them. We commend | them to all our wedded friends. "Hush, Juana: 'lis quite certain That the coffee was not strong; u Why so stubborn in the wrong f" "You'll forgive me ! Sir, I hate you ! You have used me like a churl; Have my senses ceased to uuide me? I Do you think I am a girl ?" • | "Oh, no, no ! you're a girl no longer, But a woman, lormeu to please, And 'tis time you should abandon Childish lollies such as these." "Oh, I hate you ? But why vex me ? If I'm old, you're older still ; I'll no longer be your victim, Aud the creature of your will." "But, Juana! why this pother ? it might happen I was wroug; But, if common sense inspire me, Still, that coffee was not strong." "Common sense ! You never had it! ! Oh, that ever 1 was born To be wedded to a monster, Who repays my love with scorn." "Well, Juana, we'll not quarrel— What's the use of bitter strife? But I'm sorry I am married; I was mad to take a wife." "Mad, indeed! I'm glad you know it, But if there be law in Spain, I'll be tied to you no longer — 1 am weary of the chain." Hush, Juana! Shall the servants Hear you argue, ever wrong ? Can you not have done witn folly.' Owu the coffee was not strong." "Oh, you goad me past endurance, Trilling with my woman's heart; But I loathe you, and detest you— Villain! Monster! Let us part!" Long this foolish quarrel lasted, "1 ill Juana, halt afraid That her empire was in peril, I Summou'd never-failing aid : Snmmon'd tears in copious draughts, i Tears, and sobs, ana piteous sighs; j Well she knew the potent practice, The artillery of the eyes. J And it chanced as she imagined— j Beautiful in grief was she— Beautiful, to best advantage; And a tender heart had he. 1 Kneeling at her side lie sooth'd her— "Dear Juana. 1 was wrong ; Never more I'll contradict you— But, oh make my coffee strong!'' 1 _ ..... ' E3F" Why is the fortieth car on the Phila ! delphia and Ohio Kail Road, very musical ? I Because it is a "P. &0. 10." (piano forte.) NUMBER 6. TME BRIDEURuun. He stood at the aJinr, , (Beciiuso tie Jiiul 110 chair,) With brats rings OJI liis fingers, And lard on his hair. He stood at tho altar, With a watch in his fob— A young whiskeradn, As straight as a cob. He stood at the altar, In humanity's guise A pin graced his dickey, And goggles his oyes. He stood at the altar, As shrewd ones have said, Wuhout cents in his poaket, ' Or sense in his head. A PLAIN-SPOKEN JPDCE —Judge MuClure of Pittsburg, is decidedly the plainest spo ken Jurist xve think we ever heard of. In a recent trial for murder, in that city, the jury brought the defendant, James Kelly, in guil ty of murder in the second degree. Tho Judge did not like this, and when ho came to sentence him, he addressed the prisoner |as follows "You, James Kelly, well merit the gallows, and that you have not got it, is no fault of mine. I charged the jury point edly that you were guilty of murder in the first degree. Tho blSod that will hereafter be shed, on account of tho verdict of the jury by whom yon are tried, will not be upon my skirts; had I charged otherwise, I would have considered that I might as welt have let a wild tiger loose on the streets, or placed a rattlesnake under the pil'ow of an infant. Tnere is no doubt as to your atro cious guilt in the fiendish and diabolical I murder of John Cox. You stand before (hie court spotted all over with the crime of wit ful and premeditated murder—unparalleled in the annals of crime, and instead of pas i sing a sentence consigning you to a cell in the Penitentiary, we should at this time bo : passing sentence of death upon you—you richly deserve it." A HCNDHED EARS A oo.— A hundred yuais ago a stupid German monarch reigned over these Lniled States—then colonics ol Great Britain—and on the whole earth, with the exception ol Switzerland, there was not a single republic of any pretension. A hun dred years ago the French lilies floated [over Quebec, Pittsburg, and New* Orleans. A hundred years ago Poland was still a nation. A hundred years ago the old French mon archy dkisted—the Bastiie reared its accur sed towers—and Louis the Fifteenth dallied with infamous wantons, squandered his sub jects' money, and blasphemed in his own person the name of man. • # # Fifty years ago the name of Napoleon tvoa still comparatively strange, for Marengo, Auster litz, Wagam am Waterloo, had not boon fought. Fifty years ago the steam engine was anew thing comparitively. Fifty years ago cotton mills had as it were, just been invented; and railroads, locomotivos, and magnetic telegraphs, were practically un known. Fifty years ago there scarcely five millions of people in the United Stales, aud Ohio was almost as much of a wilderness as Oregon is now. Fifty years ago Wash ington had just died, Jefferson was still livi tg and Clay, Webster, and Calhoun, were names yet unknown to fame. tyMrs Swieshelm gives the following unique character to George Lippard s writ ing. Lippard must feel highly complimented. "We know no name for your style, and have not learned that tny oritic invented any other than the "Lippard Style,' which must mean a style that requires the writer to be born with St. Vitus'dance, to be inoculated for the Delirium Tremens, lake the night mare to the natural way, get badly fright ened at a collection of snakes, and write under tho combined influence nl these manifold causes of inspiration." "Ocii, Jamie, an' did ye niver hear uv my tny great spacli afore the Hibernian Social)?" "No, Pat, how should I, for sure I was not on the ground." | "Well, Jamie, ye seo I was called upon by the Hibernian Society for a spaih ; and be jabers I rose with the enthusiastic cheers of thousands and tins of thousands, with mo heart overflowing with gratitude and mo eyes filled with tears, and divil the word did sp ike nm - ANECDOTE or OLD HICKORY. —In the diffi.' i rulty with France, the French Ambasador I at Washington, hoping to frighten Gen. Jack son, asked of him when ho demanded his passports—"What shall I tell the King of the French, Monsieur President V "Tell your master, the King, that Andrew Jack son says he must either pay or tight 1" There was no misunderstanding such diplomacy, at.d the money was soon after forthcoming. STATE or IOWA. —We find the population of this thriving young Western State for tho year 1850, reported at 192,204. In 1840 Tls population was only 43,111. Ita gain in population, therefore, in ten years, has been 149,098 ; or, in other words, it has nearly quintupled its population in that space of timo. t3T It is estimated that there are now in tho United Slates 10,000 daguerreolypists, aud 15,000 persons connected with the art, so that tho amount of materials annually consumed in tho operation is 8J,000,000 •