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R. W. WEAVER) EDITOR.
. • S* == Bloomsburg, Thursday, July 10, 1801. NOMINATIONS. FOR GOVERNOR, WILLIAM BIGLER, OF CLEARFIELD COUNTY. FOR CANAL COMMISSIONER, SETH CLOVER. OF CLARION COUNTY. FOR THE SUPREME BENCH. JOUN B. GIBSON, OF CUMBERLAND ELLIS LEWIS, OF LANCASTER. JEREMIAU S. BLACK, OF SOMERSET. WALTER 11. LOWRIE, OF ALLEGHENY. * JAMES CAMPBELL, OF PHILADELPHIA. The New Postage Law. This law will go into operation on the first day of Jifty next, and will operate to die lol lo\vir,G eflect upon the STAR OF THE NORTH, 1. Subscribers will receive it by mail, in Columbia County, FREE OF POSTAGE. 2. For a distance not exceeding fifty miles, at FIVE CENTS per quarter. 3. Over fifty and not exceeding three hun dred miles at TEN CENTS per quarter. 4. Over three hundred and not exceeding one thousand miles, at FIFTEEN CENTS per quarter. 5. Over one thousand and not exceeding two thousand miles, at TWENTY CENTS per quarter. 6. Over two two thousand and not excee ding four thousand miles at TWENTY-FIVE CENTS per quarter. Those who desire a good, and decided Columbia county Democratic paper, free of postuge, should subscribe at onoo for the Star of the North. Hepublicanism in Furope, A superficial observer would decide that republicanism was just now making no pro gress in the old world, but a philosophical mind would not long watch the ebb and flow of Liberalism without seeing that each suc ceeding wave rises higher than the last, and makes a new breach iuto the crumbling walls that hedge about the towers of despo tism. The sea is vast and boisterous, and you cannot see it rise at once, but take any mark upon its bank and you will see it far submerged when you look for it again. It is a common error to say that France has gained nothing by its sanguinary revolutions. But have not these given to it a constitution ul government ? Has not an extension of the right of suffrage taught its people a thou sand new truths, and made thenc earnest and anxious students of political economy I No such people as the French will study long without learning, and no such people think long without acting. An honorable nation can easily learn to be honest, and honesty with policy must teach the lesson of virtue. When the American republic sprang into existence there was scarcely a constitutional government in all Kurope, now what despot there dares stand above the law in open de fiance ? Even Austria and Prussia have constitutional governments in these days. Even the nobles of Russia are for a repub lic, nor aro they merely anxious to change the rule of one tyrant for that of a hundred, since they have too much property at stake to desire any thing else than a good and safe government. And in England, though there has been no Io; ilerousous and bloody revolution, we see a total change in the system of public uflairs. Until of late it was the the govern ment of tho rulers, and when these could no longer control and command tho repre eentatives of the people the ministry was forced to resign. The king never trusted himself upon the national magnanimity and pilriolism, for in such things he had no faith. The king's ministers suggested and fashioned the public policy of the country, and the people's representatives wete mere automatons to cry "amen." When th is from same accident failed, the government was dissolved. Put of la'.e even England has become a government of the people's representatives. Those who were wont to dictate have been •confined to their proper functioiiso f miniate tial executors of the law ; and the Common ers who were worn to be tho ministers of tho ministry have in turn ar'sm to their true dguity of unl ram riled legislators. The miutstcrs have become c&binot officers, as in a republic—they are now the hand that wields lite pen of the government, but 110 longor tho whole hrad, heart arid body of tbo I ding power. They have become the offi cers and tenants of the government; while before, the government was the great officer and servant of the ministry. This is the fundamental difference between a republican and a despotic government—bewoen a gov ernment iu the aje of Lycurgus when the pßizon lived for the 6tale alone, and a repub lic of our timo, when the stale is uudcrstood to he made for the citizen's good. Toe English nation lias been reluctantly ma la to oon fess that the people, th ough their chosen representatives, can sustain aud conduct a national government; and that the science of political economy is within the comprehension of the popular mlud, and riot a thing of dark mysteries and conjura tions, which only a lew titled charlatans, mountebanks and coxcombs have been pre destined to understand. ty Mr. Chamberlin the postmaster of this place has now received from the De partment some of the new postage atamps which will be found a great convenience- Rt. Rev. Bishop Potter preached in the Episcopal Church of this town on last Thursday evening, and after the sorvice some ten or twelve persons were confirmed ■ new members of the churctt Eclipse*. j A partial eclipse of the moon will take place on the evening of the 12th and mor- I ning of the 13th inst., which will be visible in all parts of the United StaTes, except the lower corner of Floridn. Its duration at all places will be 3 hours 2 minutes. It will be first seen at San Francisco, California, at 9 o'clock 41 minutes on next Saturday eve ning, continuing visible there until 43 min gles after 12 on Sunday morning. Places eastward will next come into the shadow on the moon and the eclipse wilt be last seen in this country in the longitude of Augusta Me., commencing at 10 o'clock 11 minutes and ending at 4 o'clock, 13 minutes on Sun day morning. At Bloomsburg it will be first visible at 44 minutes after 12 on Sunday morning, and continue so until 3 o'clock, 46 minutes. The magnitude of this eclipse will be 8,47 digits on the southern limb, that is a little more than two thirds of the moon will be in the shade—the whole diam eter being divided into 12 digits. On the morning of the 28th of July there will be a total eclipso of the sun, at the time of new moon, but only visible as a partial eclipse in the United Slates, except the low er corner of Florida. This eclipse will first appear on the earth at Santa Fe, in New Mexico at sh. Bm. in the morning, and leave the earth entirely in longiUide 26 ° 7' E., latitude 20° 28' N., tPftoint in tho great desert of Sahara. The line of central or total eclipse will begin in the Pacific ocean, off Queen Chariot!island, longitudo 137 ° .48' VV., latitude 53° 43' N., and travel a N. E. directiqn to the artic circle, which it will cross in longitude 90 ° W. It will then lake nearly an easterly course, and pass through the middle of Greenland; after which its course will bo nearer S. E., through the north of Europe, and ending in the Cas pian sea. At Detroit nearly 5 digits of the sun will appear eclipsed, and from that, loss as we go south. At New Orleans 1 digit only will appear eclipsed. In the latitude of Blooms burg about 3.5 digits will be eclipsed. The middle of the eclipse here will be at 8 o'clock, 11 minutes in the morning. To persons along the coast of the Pacific the sun will rise eclipsed. Fourth of July. Wo must confess that our town did not look o.i last Friday as though there was a time of much note. True, the day was pleasantly cool, and the stores were closed, but the day of the week, being one of evil omen, moodily disdained to garniture itself in holiday trim. The "fair women and brave men" were like angels visits few and far between; until evening brought out a few stars of loveliness—some blooming lass es, but alas!—no Bloomers. Fow beaux we saw who, "bearded like a pard," stroked their looks to coax them into a ferocious, killing hue. But it the town was not filled with the stench of "villainous saltpetre," it gained in credit for steadiness and sobriety what it lost in patriotism. The teachers and scholars of the Metho dist Sunday School formed a procession and marched through the Main street of the town under the charge of Rev. Mr. Lee, and the Superintendent Mr. Merrill. The look ers on were pleased with the looks of tho goodly oimpany, and the schol ars no less so with the relreshments to which they were tieated. At Cattawissa, Light Street arid Buckhorn, the young people enjoyed the day in fine style, by social celebrations in which mer riment and patriotism were mixed up, in stead of brandy and water, as in the olden time. At Cambria, in Luzerne, there was a Temperance Celebration with which all the participants were well pleased. About 150 persons partook of a sumptuous dinner at Mr. Wirts; and much more than that number enjoyed the mental fare of Messrs. Maxwell and Harvey's addresses. A gentleman from Berwick says the fourth was plainly visible there, and a num ber of individuals were dis-covcred celebrating the day in the good old way. Judge Gibson's Democracy. That Judge Gibson accepted a reappoint ment as Chief Justice under Governor Rimer is proof of nothing hut his eminent ability. He was reappointed because the administra tion felt that to discard him would be an outrage whioh the whole legal profession would rebuke, and that to reappoint a man of his ability would be to the Governor's credit. The iollowing letter from Judge Gibson to the Committee of a Democratic festival shows to what political faith he adheres. From Chief Justice Gibson. Harhisuuiuj, July 28, 1850. Gentlemen :—Though I have felt myself hound to io. r T? i 2 from politics since I came upon the BeuclT, I have noi C? aspt ' a j'i as a Democrat; and I shall not willingly part with my membership in the party. I therefore feel highly flattered by your invi tation, and would feel much pleasure in ac cepting it if the business of the court did not make it our duty to remain here till the Saturday next following the National Festi val. Wishing you therefore a happy meet ing aid every enjoyment consequent upon it, I have the honor to be, gentlemen, Vour obedient servant, JOHN B. GIBSON. A New College ou a uew Plan. President Mahon, formerly of Oberlin, and others in connection with him, are now starling u new College at Cleveland, or rath* er Ohio City, on an entirely new plan. It is not to be under any sectarian influence; but its prolessors will be chosen fiom the learn ed and liberal-minded of all denominations. No student will bo obliged to go through a long, toiling study of the dead languages i but may have the privilege, if ho wishes it, of studying them or any other branch as much, as long, and as well as ho can. The only positive requirement, I believe, being that he shall be thorough in whatever branch he undertakes. Added to all this great im provement, there will he an opportunity for manual labor, as they have fine productive lands for a farm. Woman, too, if she will, may go through a regular college course. Cl r Vincent L. Bradford and William D. Kelly, Esqs., are named by the Democrats of Philadelphia for Judges of the Court of Common Plea?, ADDRESS Of (he Democratic Judicial Convention of Pennsylvania, to their Fellow-Citi zens. We assembled at Harrisburg, pursuant to our appointment, on tho 11th day of June, 1851, and upon that and the succeeding day, performed the duty assigned to us, by nom inating as the Democratic candidates for Jud ges of the Supreme Court, the following dis tinguished jurists : JEREMIAH S. BLACK, of Somerset county. JCMES CAMPBELL, of Philadelphia, ELLIS LEWIS, of Lancaster. JCHN B. GIBSON, of Cumberland. WALTER H. LOWRIE, of Allegheny. These gentlemen are all cordially recom mended to you as eminently qualified for the high stations to which they have been nomi nated. Tho Supreme Court is a tribunal of great authority in the effect of its decisions, although in point of actual and direct power, the judiciary is the weakest of the three great departments of government. Tnat Court has, in tho last resort, to pass upon the lives, liberties and property of our citizens. Ftom its decisions, with but few exceptions, there is no appeal. Ia selecting gentlemen, therefore, to compose this august and impor tant tribunal, care must be taken that, on the 6core of qualification, they shall possess that moral force which the confidence of the public alone can confer, and which will ena ble them to maintain their relative position in the administration of our Government. The change of the mode of appointing, from a selection by the Executive to an election by the people, should not lessen the qualifica 'ion of tho incumbent. To fill the situation with safety to the public and credit to him self, be should have a well balanced mind, —sound judgment, discriminating intellect, and a familiar and intimate acquaintance with our commod and statute law. While willing to adapt the former to the exigencies of society, as in the progress of improve ment, it presents new phases; and to give to the latter the sound interpretation which tho law-givers intended, he should never as eumo to be wiser than the law, or set up his own judgment against the wisdom and expe rience of ages. He should prefeect in him self a liappy medium between that narrow scss of prejudice which would reject all ad vances in improvement and that laxity of decision which would disregard all that has gone before it. To these qualifications should be added that strict integrity of purpose "which yields not to timo and bends not to circumstances," and that independonce and decision of char acter which should ever be found in the ad ministrator of the law. A Judge who falters in the performance of his duty, or calculates how his decision may affect his popularity, is unworthy the place he fills. With him the.oiily question should be, what is the law, and pronounce it without fear, favor or affec tion. We have in Pennsylvania a beautiful sys tem of jurisprudence. It is 6aid to be pecu liar. Uncertainly is not very well understood out of the State, and its excellence is not ful. ly appreciated by all within it. Casting Wide the trammels of technicality, we com bine in one forum and essentially under the ame form of proceeding, the administration of law and equity. With us law and equity, if not synonymous terms, are both parts of a i great whole. For this admirable system we are much indedted to the wisdom and fore cast of our ancestors. Wherever a party would, in other States or countries, be enti tled to redress at law or in equity, he can ob tain it here under our combined system. If a person who has a just and lawful (jlaira, enters one door of the temple of jus tice, we do not deny his suit, turn him out and bid him enter another, to seek the relief to which he is entitled. Our temple of jus tice has but one door of entrance, and our system is simple and harmonious in its action when properly understood and intelligently carried into execution. It is challenging and will continue to challenge, the admira tion of other Governments, who are begin ning to adopt it, and we should bo careful how we mar its symmetry, entail upon our posterity the evils, delay, expense and arbi trary power of a separate equity administra tion, and fall back upon that, which the wis dom of experience is abandoning elsewhere. It follows, that in Pennsylvania a man to be a good lawyer or a good judge, must be familiar as well with the rules and principles of law as of those of equity. We looked for those qualifications in the candidates be fore us, and believe we have essentially ob tained them, in the gentlemen selected. In the nominations made, we were singu larly unanimous. The selections of all can didates were made on the first ballot. Many oxcellenl lawyers and judges were named before as, and we believo that all of those who uiJ no ' rece ' ve a 'h e voles ol the Convention, were genuom? 11 P oMeß '" ing high legal and moral qualifications. Of the number, however, five only could bo se lected. It is impossible in such a Conven tion, that each delegate can obtain the nom ination of all the candidates he desires. There must be mutual consultation and concessioh, and there necessarily will be, individual dis appointments. The selection of the majori ty will control the wishes of the separate members of the nominating body. choice thus made, governs, and tho minority submits and concurs in the nomination. This is the true principle, and without carrying it out, there would be no such thing as a preliminary nomination, which is al ways necessary to ascertain the sense of the party, and, when that is ascertained, should govern and control all who belong to that parly. Should any other course be pursued, we slioulc , as a party, come to the polls with divided and distracted forces, and fall an ea sy prey to the combined and concentrated action of our opponents. They always act in concert and endeavor to carry out tho poli cy of dividing their opponents, that they may conquer. Our only safely is in the com bined action of all the members of our party- lii a Democratic Government the will of tbe majority, fairly and legitimately expres sed, must always govern. In the Democrat ic party, the same rules must be observed or our principles cannot be carried out. We ■ M_L_ , HIMTMI emphatically, as a party, go for "principles —not men." We iim men, for candidates, as the exponents of our principles, and, when they are fairly selected according to the usages or expressed will of the party, they are entitled to the support and confi dence of the party. The friends of every gentlettfan hsve a right to bring his name, a s a candidate, before} nominating Convention, pnd to use evatyJijnorable means, and urge every lair argument in their power to place him in nomination. By the very fact o f pre senting his name to the Convention, they vir tually pledge him and hit Iriends to the sup. port of the nomination which shall be made, and the person suffering his name so to be used, binds himself, in honor, to a like sup port. It is the duty of the party to enforce this rule, for if nominations can be sustained or opposed, just as a particular candidate can be successful iu procuring a nomination or not, they had as well be abandoned. Every Democrat should keep constantly in mind the doctrine that "every man owes more to his party, than the party owes to any man." Each individual, with generous devotion to the great cause of the people, should sacri fice private griefs and personal disappoint ments on the altar of patriotism. By these means alone, can be secured that ascendan cy of the Democratic party, which is essen tial to the maintenance of the true princi ples of our government, the peace, good or der and prosperity of our common country, and the transmission to posterity of "those sacred rights to which ourselves were born.') The progress of the democracy is one of tho proofs how steadily the cause of truth must ever advance. The principles of the democratic parly woro sneered at. as level ling and grovelling, and denounced as jaco binical, in this republican country, so late as shortly before the present century was ush ered in, and the samo couise was pursued until the war of 1812 was ended, in a blaze of glory during the democralio administra tion of Mr. Madison. We were denied to possess, amongst us, tho necessary educa tion 01 qualifications to fill offices or admin ister the afTairs of the country. The admin istration of the general government by Jeffer son and Madison, and of this Commonwealth by Simon Snyder, put down these slanders, and our opponyga who had arrogated to themselves all the education and all the tal ents of the country, were faint to abandon their name and to profess to abandon their principles. They have even essayed to give to their own party the once despised appella tive of "democratic." The progress of the democracy has been upward and onward. Planting itself upon the immutable inalienable rights of man— on the broad platforms of the declaration of independence and the constitution of our country, it has maintained its principles through good and through evil report. If it has occasionally met with reverses, they have been lew and far between, and are in no wise attributable to any fundamental er ror in the principles of the party. If our ad versaries have occasionally had temporary success, a single term has been their dura tion in office, and the people, at the first con stitutional opportunity, have restored power and authority to the democratic party, which it can never lose permanently, so long as q upholds its principles, which accomplish the greatest gool for the greatest number. Our party has heretofore given to the Su preme Court, both of the Union and of this State, complete benches of as able Judges as have ever graced those stations, aud in the candidates now presented to you for your support as Judges of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, we have have not reduced the standard. The following are very brief notices of the individuals so selected. JEREMIAH S. BLACK, was born on the 10th day of January, 1810, in Somerset County, Pennsylvania. He is the son of the Hon. Henry Black, a highly intelligent • and respectable citizen of that connty, and w/io died in 1841, whilst representing that con gressional district in the House of Repre sentatives of-llle V. S. He passed through an excellent course of academic instruction, and before commencing the study of (he law was pronounced, by those competent to judge, to have acquired more than ordinary attainments in classical literature and scien tific studies. At an early age, ho gave pro- 1 mise of those talents which have since so distinguished hiaa. In his eighteenth year he commenced the study cf the law under Chauncey Forward, Esq., of Somerset, and was admitted to the bar in 1830, At the time of his admission the leading members of that bar were Messrs. Forward, Moses Hampton, Charles Ogle, Joshua F. Cox, and Joseph Williams, (now Chief Justice of lo wa.) Mr. Black had not completed his ma jority when he was admitted and had to en ter into competition with these gentlemen, all of acknowledged ability. This rivalry no uoill'' ,en( M t0 lievaiope his taients and stimulate his industry and ambition, ne immediately acquired a large practice, which he retained in Somerset and the ad joining counties, until he quit the bar for the bench. In 1841, he was appointed by Gov ernor Porter. President Judge of the lGlh Judicial District, composed of the counties of Franklin, Bedford and Somerset, which situation be has filled from that time to this; the district being, at one lime, enlarged by the addition of Blair, and at another time, by that of Fulton County. At the bar he was distinguished lor sound, clear and logical views in his legal argu ments, uuited to a bold and commaneing eloquence which rendered him a powerful and successful advocate. A? a President Judge he has exhibited talents and capacity of the highest order. He seems to comprehend the cause before him so distinotly, that in his charge ho clears up all its difficulties and puts it to the jury in suoh a lucid point ol view as ena bles them (A understand the precise point in issue, thus relieving the case of all extrane ous matter. Few men possess a stronger grasp of in tellect, and none can express themselves with more clearness upon any subject that comes beford him. A ripe scholar in gener al literature—a souud and industrious lawyer and judge, with nearly ten years experience on the bench—with a methodical and strong mind, quick perception and a clear intellect, he cannot do otherwise than fill with credit to himself and advantugo to the public, the high office for which he has been nomina ted, and which he will grace, as well by his qualifications as by his simple, unaffected and urbane manners. JAMES CAMPBELL was born in the year 1813, in the District of Soutliwark, in the cour.ty of Philadelphia. Ilis father emi grated from the north of Ireland in the year 1798, at the age of 19 years, settled in South ivark, and there resided up to the time of his decease, a period of 46 years, ilis eon, tho subject of this notice, was carefully ed ucated in the ordinary brancbos of English and classical literature, his instruction in the latter being received at tho hands of Rev. Francis liindman, a gentleman who stood high as a classical instructor. At the age of eighteen, he entered the of fice of Edward D. Ingraham, Esq , of Phil adelphia, as a student at law, and was ad mitted to the bar in Philadelphia, in the year 1834. He commenced the practice of the law in Philadelphia immediately upo.i his admission, and notwithstanding the well known ability of that bar, the competition among its members, and tho difficulty of a young advocate succeeding without family influence or ndventitous aid, ho obtained a very respectable practice, with which he continued to be engaged until his translation to the bench. During this period of lime he was President of the Board ot Commis sioners of Southwark, and represented the District in the Board of Directors and Con trollers of the Public Schools. On Iho 3d, April, 1842, at the age of 29 years, he was appointed by Governor Porter one of the Law Judgos of the Court of Com mon Pleas of Philadelphia county. For this office he received the unanimous re commendation of all the Democratio Sena tors and members lrom the county of Phila delphia, and was unanimously confirmed by the Senate. He has continued to fill this responsible office up to iho present lime. Naturally modest and unobtrusive, although possessed of excellent talents and extensive legal attainments, he has not sought oppor tunity to exhibit himself before the public. He has performed his duties with exemplary fideltiy, and his legal opinions have been marked for their accuracy, perspicuity and system. The business with which he has been occupied since his clevatiou to the bench has been principally of a criminal character, the Equity and Orphan's Court business of that Court having been generally assumed and performed by his colleagues, so that he has not had the same opportuni ties for display, had ha been disposed to make it, which were enjoyed by the others. In all the relations of file Judge Campbell has sustained an unblemished reputation. Pure, well educated, honest and inflexible ; combining with tnese, gentlemanly deport ment and manners, he possesses a large fund of that useful virtue, common sense; has a strong mind and sound judgment. He has a large circle of warm and devoted friends, who have known him from his youth rejoiced in his elevation by his energy of character, to the position which he holds, and cherish him for hi* integrity, talents and social virtues. ELLIS LEWIS is now 53 years of age. He was born at Lewisbury, York co., Penn sylvania. He was the son of Mr. Eli Lewis, of that place, whose ancestors wore Welsh Quakers, who emigrated with William Penn. Being berelt of both his parents at the early age of niue years, and having little patrimo nial estate, he was while yet still young pla ced in a printing office at Hairioburg, and there learned the trade of a practical printer. Having gone through the years of his proba tion there, he went to New York and work ed in that city as a journeyman printer. He subsequently purchased a printing office in Lyooming county, and edited a newspaper for some lime, at Williamsport, in that coun ty. During this occupation, about the year 1820, he commenced llie study of the law— was admitted to the bar in 1822, practised law and prosecuted the pleas of the Com monwealth for some years, in Lycoming and Tioga counties, and finally removed to Brad ford county. In 1832 he was elected to the House of Representatives of Pennsylvansa, whore he occupied a very pioininent posi tion during the year 1832 and 1833. In the latter year he was appointed by Goverrnor Wolf, Attorney General ol Pennsylvania j which office he resigned in the fall of the same year, on receiving the appointment of President Judge of the VIILh Judicial Dis. trict, composed of the counties of Northum berland. Lycoming, Union and Columbia, which office he filled with credit and repu tation for upwards of twelve years. In the year 1815, he was appointed President Judge of the lid Judicial District, composed of the county of Lnucaster, which situation tie u~ 11 P '° l^B P roaCtl ' lime. So prompt and energetic has he boert iti ttie diJvu irge of the duties of his office, in that large and populous county, that since his appointment, the Legislature have dispensed with the Mayor's Court of the city, and District Court of the county, and devolved the whole du ties of the three Courts upon him and his associates, and he has performed them promptly and satisfactorily. Judge Lewis has delivered many learned legal opinions on several vary important questions which have been given to the pub lic. Tbey evince him a ripe scholar and a sound jurist. From this short notice it will be teen that ho is a self-made man.—He has been a hard student all his life, and has achieved a noble triumph over the obstacles that beset his path in its outset.. For h9 is not only a sound lawyer, but a gentleman of high attornments in other branches of sci ence. The Philadelphia College of Medi cine conleired upon hiin the Honorary De gree of M. D., and Transylvania University that of L. L. D., for those attainments. With eighteen years judicial experience, he can not fail to give satisfaction in the new situa tion for whioh he has been nominated. JOHN BANNISTER GIBSON, the present learned and able Chief Justice of the Su preme Court of Pennsylvania, was born in Sherman'* Valley; in llien Cumberland, now Perry coihnly, Pennsylvania. He is the son of a worthy and distinguished revolutionary officer, who served from the beginning to the end of that trying struggle, and was sub sequently killed in St. Clair's defeat. Hav ing gone through the usual course of acade mic studies, he entered Dickinson College ut Carlisle, and graduated at that institution. He studied law with the late Thomas Dun can, of Carlisle, who wla afterwards one of his associates on the Supreme Bench. On his admission to tho bar, Judge Gibson re moved to Beaver, Pa., where he practised law for about two years, and then returned to Carlisle; —was elected by the Democrats of Cumberland county to the Stale Legisla ture for two successive years, and whilst there took an active part in preventing the re-charter of the first bank of the United Slates, and in supporting the war against England, by the advocacy of resolutions by the Slate Legislature on those subjects. In order to aid the General Government in ob taining funds, lie was greatly instrumental in repealing the prohibition in our State Bank charters from loaning more than $50,- 000 to the Goneral Government. He was ap pointed by Governor Snydor President of the Xlth Judicial District, composed of the counties of Bradford, Tioga, Wayne and Susquehanna ; and after filling that situation for some lime, during which the district was partially changed so as to include Luzerne, he was in 1846, appointed by the same Gov ernor a Judge of the Supreme Cour: in place of Hugh Henry Brackenridge, deceased. On the 18lh of May, 182T, ho was appoin ted by Governor Sbultz, Chief Justice of Pennsylvania, on the decease of the late C. J. Tilghmah. His opinions as Associate Jus lice and Chief Justice will be loUnd in all our volumes of reports, from 2d Sergeant and Rawle down to tho present time. They bear the impress of his giant intellect and of the sound knowledge ol legal principles which he possesses. It lias been well said of him that his mind is a perfect stream of light. His nomination on the present occa sion is peculiarly proper, as ho will be the connecting link between the present Court and that which is to succeed it, and ho will bring to his associates on the new bench, the light which thirty-five years experienoo must necessarily sited, and which the great purity and integrity of his character cannot fait to impart. There is no greater miml upon any exist ing bench, than that possessed by this dis tinguished jurisr, whose judicial reputaiton is not confined to Pennsylvania or the Union. For his high attainments as a] Civilian, he has been created L L. D. by both the Uni versities of Pennsylvania and Harvard. WALTER H. LOWRIE was born in Armstrong county, Pennsylvania He is the son of Matthew B. Lowrie, lormerly Mayor of Pittsburg, and domes of that honest, up right and intelligent stock of people Who emigrated from the province of Ulster, and have done so much for the cause of educa tion, sound morals and popular rights in this Western World. He is now 44 years of age and was reared and educated at Pittsburgh where he graduated in the Western Univer sity of Pennsylvania, at the age of nineteen. He read law uiider Judge Shaler of Pitts burgh, and was admitted to the bar in 1829. During a portion of his studies he taught a classical school, and thus was disciplining his own mind whilst imparting knowledge to others. After admission, he pursued his profession with diligence and BUCCOSS in the great iron city of the West, and attained such deserved distinction in it, that in 1842 he was unanimously chosen Professor of Law in his Alma Mater, the duties of which, besides attending to his growing practice, he continued to perform with great creuit, until the University buildings were destroy ed in the great conflagration of 1845. His selection for such a situation Irom a bar as numerous and talented as that of Pittsburg, by the learned gentlemen who had charge of the institution, was no slight tribute to the talents and worth of one who was then com paratively young in years. Public opinion folly ratified the choice, as it did the ap pointment which he received in 1846 from Governor Sbunk, of Assistant Judge of the District Court for the county of Allegheny, which had become vacant by the promotion of Hon. Hopewell Hepburn to the Presiden cy of that Court, in place of Judge Grier appointed to the Supremo Court of the Uni ted States. Succeeding as he did two such able and eminent men as Judges Grier and Hepburn, he has sustained himself in this judioial station and has given universal sat isfaction, by the untiring industry with which he has devoted himself to it, and by the ability, intelligence, and promptness with which he has met and treated the mul tifarious questions of law and equity which have been constantly arising in that court, growing out of the increased business and commerce of our great Western Emporium. He phssdsbs a clear and lucid intellect, is well read, not only in bis profession, but in almost every branch of generai literature and science. He possesses greal power of analysis and great patience in investigation. His manners on the benoh, as well as in his private intercourse aro bland and courteous, and his opinions, many of which 'nave been given to the world, satisfy tbe profession and the public of his capacity and legal attain ments. No man could stand higher for strict and unbending integrity, and five years experience on the bench have satisfied the public of his high integrity for the discharge ot judicial functions. As will always be the case, their minds differ from each other, yet in that very dil ferouce, making up, collectively, as able a bench as perhaps we have over had in Pennsylvania, and one which we cannot too strongly recommend to your support. They are all pure democratic republicans—all born and educated within the bounds of our own Commonwealth—have all long served in the Democratic ranks. Before their ap pointment to their present judicial stations, (as it will be observed they are all at this moment Judges of high standing,) they were men of prominence in the parly, and enjoyed its confidence in a very high de gree. Since their elevation to judicial posts, they hae all very properly, abstained front taking an active pnrt iu the details of party politics, 'unless it may be stated as an ex ception, that Chief Justice GIBSON Was placed at tho head of the JACKSON Electoral Ticket, in 1823, which was elected by a large majority. Their republican principles, however, are as strong as ever, and they will never be found advocating a doctrine that will infringe upon the right* of man. Past experience has shown the danger to be apprehended from a judiciary, in the handa of our opponets, and tho perfect safety with which the administration of juslicU can be trusted to the Judges selected by tho Demo cratic party. It will not perhaps be travelling ont of our appropriate duty to say that the approaching election is one of more than ordinary im portance. We have not only the usual Sen l atorial, Representative and County Officers, but we have a Governor and Canal Commis sioner, besides Judges of the Supreme Court; President Judge of Districts' and Associate Juegcs of the several counties, also to elect. Tho election of 1851 will nlso have a strong influence upon the Presidential election of 1852, and tho democratic party owe it to themselves to redeem not only Pennsylva nia, but the Union, from the misrule of our opponents. You have but tn will, to do this; for as Pennsylvania goes, so gpes the Union. In tho candidates selected by the Reading Convention, for Governor and Canrl Com missioner, we have gentlemen of the most unexceptionable character and qualifications; and in every respect entitled to your confi dence and support. Col. WILLIAM BIG LER, of Clearfield, our candidate for Gov ernor, is a gentleman of talents, experience, and of great private worth. Emphatically a self made man, he is of the people and be longs to the people, and nobly will thoy sus tain their favorite, and place the Keystone State under the governance of an executive, who, whilst ho will regard the rights of the State, will remember and let the world | know, that Pennsylvania cherishes the Union of the States, and will evince her attachment to that Union by her acts as well as by her professions. General SETH CLOVER, of Clarion, has been very properly selocted for the office of Canal Commissioner. Able, energetic and efficient—in the prime of life, and haying had much practical experience, he will dis chargo all the duties of that station with honor to himself and with eminent advan tage to the public. He will watch over and guard the great public interests involved in our internal improvements with vigilance and fidelity? and lend his aid iu making them instrumental in discharging the debt incurred in their construction. . We urge you, therefore, to come forth to the polls. Let no man absent himself. Le 1 every Democrat vole tho whole Democratic ticket without alteration or change, and a g oriouS triumph awaits us. We charge you in conclusion, to remember that the Demo cracy of Pennsylvania and ot the Union ex pect every man belonging to them, to do his duty upon tho present occasion, in sus taining the party and its nominees. Mr. tktnin'i Estimates ot the Revenn nmt their Correctness. _ Mr. Corwiu, the present Secretary of the Treasury, in his report of December last, es timated, no doubt with the view of influen cing Congress to increase the tariff, that the receipts into the treasury would be cotnpari tively small for the present year, and that by the Ist of July, there would be in the treas ury a balance of only $453,996 99, and that by tho first of July, 1852, there would be a deficiency of $865,996 19. Now, how is Mr. Corwiu sustained by the facts? Why, instead of there being only a small sum in the tieasury on the first of July next, thero will bo a surplus of probably seven millions, as the receipts to the present lime have ex ceeded his estimates six millions of dollars; and the probability is, that on the Ist of Ju ly, 1852, instead of there being a deficiency, there will be a sutplus of fifteen millions of dollars. This is a fair cxamble of the manner in which iho affairs of the government are managed at Washington, anil of the credit which treasury estimates are entitled to. It shows hot only great want of intelligence on the subject, but any quantity of ignorance in reference to the progress oT the country. The fact is, our practical business men of New York, know more about this kind of matters, than the whole cabinet combined. The progress which this republio has made in prosperity during the last twenty years, has been wonderfully great. Twenty years ago the revenue of the government, from all sources, did not amount to over twelve mil. lions of dollars, while the revenue for ibis year will exceed fifty millions. Mr. Corwia might have saved himself the trouble of un der-estimatirg the revenue with the view of affecting the tariff question, for the whole subject of protective tariff has been dead and buried for many years. The commer cial and Manufacturing progress of the coun try requires no high tariffs or special legisla tion. They have proved reOst conclusively that they are capable of taking care of them selves, without any government assistance. —N. Y. Herald. DANVILLE RAIL ROAD. —The Books for receiving subscriptions to this work were opened at this place last week. A meeting in reference to the matter was held at the Court House on Saturday evening, and ad dressed by the Hon. John Cooper, who fully and clearly pointed out the ad vantages of the proposed road to our borough as well as the whole surrounding country. We learn with, pleasure that the subscription book is rapidly filling up, and that our citizens generally subscribe liberally.— Danville Democrat. A lad, on delivering his milk a few mor nings ago, was asked why the milk was so warm. 'I don't know,' he replied with much simplicity, 'unless they put in warm water instead of cold.' E?" The Pittsburgh Post says an Irishman iu that city, ate a half pound of mould can dles, a small basket of crackers, and drank six bottles of porter, on a bet Ha. miu>t have been a man of taste.