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R. W. WEAVER, EDITOR. | Bloomsburg, Thursday, August 21, 1851. ' DEMOCRATIC NOMINATIONS. FOR GOVERNOR, , WITiLIAM BIGLER, OF CLEARFIELD COUNTY. FOR CANAL COMMISSIONER, SETII CLOVER. OF CLARION COUNTY. FOR THE SUPREME BENCH. JOHN B. GIBSON, OF CUMBERLAND ELLIS LEWIS, Or LANCASTER. JEREMIAH S. BLACK, OF SOMERSET. WALTER H. LOWRIE, OF ALLEGHENY. JAMES CAMPBELL, or piin.ADKi.riuA. Democratic County Convention. The Democratic electors of Columbia County are requested :o meet at the plnces ol holding the general elections for their res pective townships, on Saturday the 30lli day •of August next, between tho hours of 2 and 6 o'clock P. M.. to elect two persons in each township as Delegates to represent them in a Democratic county convention to be held in lire Court Ilouso in Bloomsburg on the following Monday, the Ist day of September, to nominate candidates for tho several offices of this county, and this representative and Judicial District. HIRAM R. KLINE, CHARLES KAHI.KR, ISAAC YETTF.II, JOHN H. QUICK, JOHN KELLER, ISAAC S. MONROE, I FRANKLIN M BRIDE, Standing Committee. Let f'nlr Dealing Prevail. The time when the Democratic county convention meets i, drawing near and a number of candidates for the various offices have been named. We may be allowed lo eay a word in the way of caution, and to calf altertion to this subject. It is highly important that fair dealing should prevail in tho convention, and that all parts of the county should be treated with impartiality in the distribution of officers. Let the Convention deal justly with all men, but first let it deal justly with the Democrat ic party. Lei it take warning Irom the un fortunate and dividing spirit of faction and Aiisorgamza'.ion which arises from the nomi nation of men who havo felt free to vote against regular nominations whenever these did not suit thoir passions ar.d prejudices. Let it be remembered that the attempt to re ward mon for having voted against fair and regular nominations must always sooner or .later recoil upon the party and be attended with disaster and defeat. It is giving a pre mium to disorganization, and is a license to each member of the party lo vote against the regular nomination whenever he chooses to do so. Nay, it is going further, and say ing that such a course is commendable. The nomination of such tnon must engen der factious strife and petty contests in the Democratic party, which cannot fail to in jure its character and impede its success. In fact, the nomination ot men who vote against the Democratic ticket just when they please, is not a Democratic nomination, and every member of the party will feel himself bound by no stronger rule than that which held the ' "TTtTe' convention tlieu act thoughtfully in making the nominations. Let it make Democratic nominations for tho whole parly und not for a faction. Let it form snch a .ticket as will receive tho harmonious and united support of every Democrat, choosing men whoso private and political conduct heretofore is above suspicion and reproach. Nest Term of Court. By the following act of tho last legislature -i ;wili bo reen thai tliero wi 1 be no November term of our courts, but that the next court will be held in the first Monday of December nex'. "SECTION 6. That Ihe quarterly terms of •the several Courts of Columbia County jhall 1)o hereafter held on tho first Monday* of 'February, May, September, and December of each year: provided that this arrangement of the terms ot said Courts shall commence with the December term next; and tho said December term shall be in lieu of tho No vember term next, under the arrangement heretofore existing.' APPROVED 15th April, assi. _ ' IJP" Tho Whigs of Union county lately •formed their county ticket, and finding among themselves so many hungry patriots passed a resolution in favor of the ONE TERM principle. Whether they adjourrod then with three checis for the re-election of Uov- Johnsioti deponent tsayeth not. t7"Tho Democratic Whigs and Whig ffemocrats of Montour have givon notice that they mean to hold a couple of conven tions at flanville on the Ist of September, -delegates to be elected on the preceding Saturday. The Democratic Whigs'are to pick what officers they fancy, and then Ihe Whig Democrats are to have the balance. I7"There is some talk of starting a Dem ocratic newspaper at Danville. It is said •Best is a little frightened by the proposal, but a Democratic soil must be found before the good seed can grow prosperously. 17 A correspondent of the Danville Dtm ■ocrat urges that the Railtoad -when comple ted to Cattawissa should be extended on the South side of Ihe Susquehanna to a point opposite Danville and there cross the river on the route to Milton. 17Governor Johnston is slumping it in (he Western part of this State, > COURT PROCEEDINGS. Court met on last Monday before Judges Pollock, Willits and Covanhoven. There \ was but little business to do, the civil list f being meagre and the indictments few. The e following cases came up. c Commonwealth vt. Benjamin Lewis and r Henry Lewis. Indictment for assault and ] battery. Not a true bill, and that the prose- ] culor Matthew Sylvester pay the costs. ( Com. vs. Isaiah Brink. Two indictments i for forgery. True bills. t Abraham Torwilliger t>. Jacob Beidleman- < Claim for boating by plaintiffs son about ] $14,00. Buckalcw for plaintiff, Kahler and I Freeze for defendant. Verdict for plaiutifT t 912,61. Samuel Achenbach C. Claim on book account. Hurly and Comly for plaintiff, Buckalew a-i Jackson for de fendant. Verdict f<y t defendant 913,68. i Indictment were preferred against the supervisors of Madison and Sngarloaf town ships for not opening roads, and found true bills. Also an indictment againßt Benjamin rcterrnan for assault and battery. A true bill. An indictment against Isaae R. Kline for perjury was returned a true bill. On Wednesday morning the Grand Jury presented the folloVing report, and both Grand aud Travers juries were then discharg ed. To the Honorable Judges of the Court of Quar ter Sessions of the peace in and for the County of Columbia. The undersigned Grand Jurors of the Com monwealth of Pennsylvania inquiring for the body ol the county of Columbia, respect fully report:— That they have examined the public buil dings and recommend the following repairs to wit: the repairs of a breach in the Jail wall, inasmuch as, in their opinion, the same is, in its present condition, unsale for the keeping of prisoners; the repair also of the privy withio th.& Jail yard, which is much out of ord'r. They find, also, that the win dows of tho Jail in many places need glass; the stairs in the Jail require new railing &c., and they recommend that a fence be placed upon tho Wall iu front of the Jail house. They further report that tha commissioners have hitherto neglected to place the Iron railing around the portico in front of the Court House, which has as they believe, been recommended by every grand Jury since Bloomsburg became the seat of Justice, and they agree with former Juries in recom mending the iron railing around the Court House yard. They would also direct the attention of the Commissioners to tho fact that fire proofs are worth but little either in the office of the Register and Recorder or the office ol the Prothonotary, so long as the County neglects to supply the necessary shelves on which to place the Books and papers to be kept therein. The Grand Ju rors have heard with respectful attontion the remarks and suggestions of the Court in re lation to the suppression of vice and immur -1 ality, and consider it their duty to direct the 1 especial a'lention of keepers of public hous ' es to tho strict observance of tho laws. Com plaints are made from various quarters, and ' of such a nature and character thai if sus r tained before the Court by positive evidence, ' we have little hesitation in saving there a.e many that would be revoked. We fear that 1 these rumors are not entirely unfouuded, ' and it is therefore that we take this.public 1 occasion to say byway of caution to all such ' as regard not the Law, that they must expect to meet its just condemnation. It ought al ways to bo remembered that it is one thing 1 to keep a public house lor the accomraoda ' lion of strangers and travellers, and quite 1 another thing, to keep a public house for • the accommodation ot the drunkard, and i the lovers of strong drink to the great an ' noyance of the publio. 1 B. P. FRICK. ; Foreman. UtJBH/flj TOT7X. ' In the pauper case botween Bloom and ! Greenwood townships, the court decided ' that John Vansicle, the subject of the order 1 to remove had a legal residence in Orange ' township, subsequent to his residence in I Greenwood, and that hence the present order ' to remove be quashed. If he has no rest • dence in Bloom township he must be kept by Orange. , In the inJictment against Isaiah Brink for . altering county orders, the recognisances of the defendant and his bail were forfeited for , not appearing to answer. The suits Columbia County vs. Montour • county, and Columbia county against Aman dus Izivers have been referred to Judge Pol- Jock bis decision upon casos staled. Blooms*.:'? Wflcr Club. Agreeably to previous uC!. ,ce > a ' ar 3 B number of tho Democrats of Blo6mC! ,r S and vicinity, assembled at the Court House on Tuosday evening, August 19, 1851, fcr the pnrpose of forming a BiglerClub. Co). L. L. Tate was called to the chair, and Charles Conner appointed Secretary. The President read the call, and stated the object of the meeting, in a few pcrliiier.l re marks. Reuben W. Weaver and John G. Freeze, Esqrs., were then called upon, and severally addressed the meeting in a very able and in teresting manner. Oil motion, Kesrlvedj that our Democrat ic friends and fellow citizens of evory elec tion district in Columbia county, he and they are hereby requested, to form a Bigler Club, without delay, for the better organization of the Democratic party. On motion of R. W. Weaver, Esq., Resolved , That the President select a Com mittee conslstiug of seven, whose duty it shall be, to prepare a constitution and by laws, and report officers for the permanent organization of the Club—and that they be instructed to report at the next mooting. The President appointed the following gentlemen —R. W. Weaver Esq., C. Conner, J. G. Freeze Esq., A. L Dreisbnch, R. B. Arthur, J. J. Barclay and O. C. Kahler Esq. The meeting then adjourned to meet again oti Saturday evening, Aug. 30, 1851. Signed by the officers. "Bloomers M Enctand." —Several ladies at Harrogate, England, have adopted the Bloomer costume, and it is said to have i made its appearance in other places. Railroad to the Lakes. A large meeting was held at Erie last week to favor the construction of a railroad from Philadelphia to Lake Erie. We feel an assurance that if this connection is once decided on the Cattawissa ard Williamsport route will be adopted. At this Erie meeting Mr. Miller, President of the Sunbury and Erie railroad, Mr. Piddle of Philadelphia, Col. Jos. Paxton of Cattawissa, J. N. Hutch inson of Philadelphia, Mr. Ely, President of the State Line Railroad, Hon. Jno. H.\v*lk er, Senator of the Erie district, G. tf n. C. M Reed, Morrow B. Low- and Hon. Jno. Gal braith of Erie w.ade speeches to encoutage the pro^ oSt .(i railroad. In alluding to the neighboring gentleman who represented this region, the Erie Chronicle says:— "Col. Paxton, of Cattawissa, next spoke. He said he could not when he came up, but observe our beautiful harbor—a harbor wherein the whole navy of England might ride with ease and safety. He had observed the harbors of Buffalo, Dunkirk and Cleve land, and they were, as every body knew, not for a moment to be compared with that of Erie. Col. P. spoke at length upon the probable cost of the construction of the road, and its importance not only to Phila delphia and Erie, and to the counties through which the route was, but to the whole State. Col. P. manifested considerable enthusiasm, and showed himself well versed statistics, as also in the State." THE TEN IJOUR LAW. —The working nr.en of Pennsylvania should remember when Ihcy go to the polls, says the Kaslop Argus, that Gov. Johnston is their enemy, that while he was in the Senate, he tried to de feat the present ''Ten Hour Law," by tack ing upon it a Proviso, that children under the age ol fourteen might be compelled to work more than ten hours with the consent of their parents or guardians, aid no later than last winter he got up the same proviso, and used every means in his power to have it passed, but the Legislature was too thor oughly Democratic to suffer mere children to be sold to the sickening and health des troying slavery of large manufacturing es tablishments in Pittsburg and Philadelphia. Is it not a shame that while our neighbors in New Jersey and Massachusetts are strug gling for this glorious principle, Gov. John ston who professes so much sympathy for the black slaves of tho South, should be en deavoring to reduce to the most abject sla very, the free white children of Pennsylva nia? THE COLLECTION or SMALL DEBTS in Maryland is very effectively provided for since the abolition of imprisonment of debt ors. A man who has obtained a judgment against another holding no property, can for the sum of 25 cents procure an attachment against his wages, which is duly served on his employer, notifying him to appear at the office of the Magistrate in not less than twenty, nor more than thirty days, to an swer on oath the amount of wages due the debtor before the laying of attachment, and all that may bo earned by' him duiing the twenty or thirty or thirty days given for the return of the attachment; and requiring said employer to retain all such wages, and pay them to the creditor to the amount of his claim. Should an employer neglect or refuse to retain the money due the debtor working lor him, and pay it to him, said employer becomes, under the law, liable for the amount of the wagds so paid away, and it can bo recovered by excution against his properly. And he is compelled to disclose the amount of moneys due the debtor by him, on oath, under the penalty of being committed for contempt. NEW YORK SUPPLIED WITH PENKSTLVANIA COAL. —AII southern and western New York will bo Eiipplicd with Pennsylvania coal by the Leggei's Gap Railroad. The railroad takes it from the coal beds to Great Bead, fourteen miles southeast of Bingham'.on, the (eiminus of the Chenango canal, whence the interior rmmiico will be supplied. Tho Gap road will connect with the Erie, upon which the coal will be taken both to Bing. hamton and Owogo. The Cayuga and Sus quehanna road will take coal to Ithica. whence it will bo carried to all the western parts of the State. A canal will be con structed so that boats may be loaded direct ly from the cars at Ithica and the tranship ment at that point will.be greatly facilitated. The Leggoll's Gap road will be completed, it is said, in September, and opened for business. 17"COL. BIGLER'S progress under his ap- I pointments has been gratifying in the high est ,i*areo. VVe liavo seen accounts of the meetings !iC Hissed in Chester, Perry, (Jnito, and Unusualmul litudes wete present at all ot tiiwPi - led by a common spirit of enthusiasm and confidence. His progress seems like a tri umphal march; and if ever the signs of tho times foreshadowed coming events, it will close with an overwhelming majority, suuh as has not been given in Pennsylvania since Gon. Jackson was beforo the people.—A'/- slone. ty The wliigu do not relish the fact that Henry Clay's old district should have return ed a democrat to congress. The people have but returned to their first love, and Ihe great orator himself, for the last few years, has quite as much confidence in a national dem ocrat, as he has in a Seward whig. G7 The Harriiburg "Stale Journal," one of the leading whig papers in the Slate, has raised the name of Millard Fillmore to its mast head as its choice for the next Presi dency. The Hanover "Spectator," a nation al whig paper published in York county, has hoisted the name of Daniel Webster for the Presidency. What will the Scott men say to this. BP" A Land of Liberty is a land of news papers. I had rather have uewspapers with out a Government, said Jeflerson, than a Government without newspapers. Infanticide. * A male infant df full size was found in the woods, secreted in a fallen log, near Scran ton, last week, apparently not having been there longer than twenty-four hours. Tho appurtenances of birth were attached, and the navel end drawn tightly round the neck, causing strangulation, beyond doubt. Un doubtedly the cb'.ld was born living, and was strangled. A jury of inquest was called and brought in a verdict of "Strangulation by some person or persons unknown." Democrat. Sad Accident. A fall of slate occurred in the mines of the Pennsylvania Coal Company at Dun more, cau sing the death of Alfred Wood, a German by birth, in a few hours. His inju ' ries were extensive externally—but those internal wero the cause of his death. He was a young man of twenty-five or therea bouts, and his*gencral good character and proper deportment renders his death much to bo regretted. He was a member of the Odd Fellows' Lodge, and was interred with the usual ceremonies ol tho order. OOEAN STEAMSHIPS ON TUB PACIFIC.— There are twenty-nino ocean steamships now run ning between Sail Fraacisco and the vari ous ports on the Pacific. There nre others which will soon be added to the list, so that the number will soon be sufficient to allow the departure of a different steamer every day in She month. All this steam sprung up in the last two and a half years, and the San Francisco Herald predicts that befoie tho next five year# expire, steam communication will undoubtedly bo opened with the Sandwich Island?, and the other im portant groups of the Pacific, Japan and Chi na, Australia and the adjoining British Col onies. and probably with the rich islands ol the Indian Ocean. The probability is, that by tho end of that time there will be a grea ter number of steamers sailing out of San Francisco than any other city in the world. F.LEPHANT STORIES! —We published, yes terday, an account of a recent dental opera tion on a crazy elephant in Paris. It is quite interesting, but nothing to the wholesale tootn-drawing by the Yankees in India. The story is told by Tom Corwin, of Ohio, now Hon. Secretary of the Treasury. Stumping it through Connecticut in the canvass of '44, Mr. Corwin was invited to look at a comb factory—horn, bone and ivory—by way of rubbing up his tariff figures. After passing through the lower story, and viewing the machinery,3 engines, coal-furnace, &c., he ascer.ded tho upper floors, when looking out, he spied in the yard what he mistook for im. mense stacks of fire-wood. "Why so much wood t" he inquired of the proprietor sup posing he used anthracite. "Wood, sir, wood!" he replied, "Cords of elephant teeth, sir!" ,5 We have agents all through India to collect them, and no elephant is deemed worthy of Christian burial in that country until the Yankee takes his teeth !" We do not vouch for the truth of the story. Out West Mr. Corwin is considered something of a vrng^ — Public Ledger. . The Potatne-RtJ- to b* *y ••*> sive in New State. Potatoes, which looked fine only a week ago, are found blighted. Many have commenced digging them earlier than usual, with a view to sa ving them if possible ; but it seems to make but little if any difference. In a few hours, from fine, healihy bulbs, they waste away with disease in a most unaccountale manner. Many of the potatoes which are sold in the Philadelphia markets are seriously affected with this same disease. We do not know in what particular quarter they have been raised, but we noticed the fact and infer that the injury has been quite extensive. ty The ciiizens of Reading talk of estab lishing in that place a first-class steam forgo, for the manufacture of heavy wrought-iron work of every description, such as steam boat shafting, locomotive and other engine work, axles, mill gearing, &c., if successful in obtaining the requisite amount of funds for the purpose. A capital of 870,000 it is supposed will be sufficient, of which $25,- 000 have been obtained. CHEAP TRAVELLING —The Pottstown Led. ger stales that passengers are now conveyed from Boyerstown, Berks county, to Philadel phia, by stage and railroad, for 75 cents. This reduction of fare is owing to the com petition between Hartranft & Co.'s stages and the Norristown railroad, and the new stage line recently started by (Juildin & Bus kirk, between Shultzville and Pottstown, pas sing through Boyerstown and connecting with tho Reading railroad.— Reading Ga zelle. GEORGE PIIAROAII. —This unfortunate man, condemned lor the murder of Miss SIIAUP LES3, at West Chester, is to bo executed on ,i, u - °9ih inst. The Village Record says he •i - -irrivd 1 °f th® l' m ® w, 'h apparent mvails tno _ rnv >" ... ■ ... (."nusellors are tranquility. His religiou. Cv , ui> the only visitors who are admitted !° i cell. Whether his heart and mind are pre pared (or the great change which awaits him, no human penetration can discover. His intercourse with his religious friends is marked by few of the usual evidences of contrition and spiritual improvement. BLOOMER BALL.— At Monterey Springs: one evening last week, says the Hagerstown News, some half dozen ladies rusticating at that delightful watering place, appeared in the ball room arrayed in the neat and com fortable Bloomer attire—short skirts and pants. Thus arrayed they all joined in the dance, much to the gratification and amuse ment of all present. ARMED POLTCE.— The citizens of New York are discussing the propriety of arming the night police with swords. The recent murder of two of the night patrol is the im mediate cause of the discussion. MR- WEBSTER, the New York Herald says in one of its Washington Despatches, will not return to Washington as Secretary of State. When Congress meets he will ten der his resignation. Questions. Did Gov. Johnston ever say to tho people of Pennsylvania that he was opposed to pro scription and disposed to follow in the foot steps of the lamented Taylor l Did he ever say that he was in favor of one term, and would not consent to run a second term 1 Did he ever say that ho considered the Veto Power as Ono Man Powor, as oppros sivo and arbitrary, and that ho would never exercise it to defeat the will of the people's representatives. ' w Answers. He did say he loathed proscription, and yut has ever boon a most violent partisan in | office. He did say he was in favor of one term, and yet no sooner was ho elected, than he commenced bargaining and intriguing to secure a second nomination. He did denounce the Veto Power as an arbitrary prerogative, generally used to de feat the wishes of tho people, and yet he has exercised it like a political trickster, stealing away an important bill in his pock et, afraid to ofTend the compromise Whigs by openly vetoing it, and equally afraid to offend the abolitionists by signing it.— Union. PENNSYLVANIA POLITICS. —Tho separating lines between Colonel Bigler, tho Democrat ic candidate for Governor of and Governor Johnston, who was lately re nominated at Lancaster as the Whig candi date, are pretty distinctly drawn. Col. Pig ler has openly and unequivocally declared himself in favor ol the compromise measures just as they are. without any further tinkering by such hands as Seward, Greely, Gairison, Fred. Douglass & Co. He thinks these measures, for the sake of peace, and fair, honest dealing with the South, had better stand just as they nre; and just so thinks overy true common sense friend of the Union. Gov. Johnston, on the other hand, declares his unqualified opposition to these measures, and advocates their repeal or modification ; and herein stands upon the same ground with the agitators and nullifiers of the North. It rests with Pennsylvania, therefore, in the contest now pending to de cide between maintaining good faith to the Uuion and their Constitution, and a renewal of the war upon the South. Tho present as pect of things in Pennsylvania is decidedly favorable to the success of Bigler and the maintainance of tho Democratic policy on this question, so far as that State is concern ed. The result of this contasi may therefore be regarded as of the highest importance to the future peace and stability of the whole Union.— Dayton Empire. Machine Poetry. Our devil has greased up his poetical ma chine, and after feeding it With a column or two of the cards of candida'.os for County offices, it produced the following: "There's a good time a comin', boys, A good time comin'," 'Lection-day is drawing near, Lots of chaps ruunix'. Briskly move tho candidates, Growing mighty clever, 1 * Soyi-'g "IF you 'OK fur "> 0 ) I'm your friend forever." If you meet with ono of them, Before you've time to think, Ten to one, if you've a vote, He'll ask you "up to drink." We people are "the sovereigns," The candidates must please, And when they don't just treat tis nght, We'll "fiax 'em out 5 ' with ease. Titos. F. MARSHALL, recently elected a representative to the Kentucky Legislature, who has been acting for some years past with the Democrats, has recently announced his return to his first love, the Whigs, from whom ha had voluntarily divotced himself. His manner of doing it was characteristic. At a Democratic meeting— "He acknowledged that he owed his elec tion to them, and ho set himself down as a debtor for that. But he had supported Mr. Polk, and otherwise dono the party eomo service ; for that he claimed a credit and cal led upon the Democrats present to say on which side the bslance stood. Some of them cried out, "Oh, we're indebted to you." "Well," said Marshall, "I lorgive you the balance, square the account, close tho books, and from henceforth I am a Whig forever." To BE MARRIED AGAIN.—A letter from Kentucky, says that Sallie Ward, the queen of western beauty, who was once Mrs. Law rence, is soon again to be led to the altar. The happy (!) individual who is about to take sweet Sallie by the hand is Dr. Hunt, a near relative of Henry Clay. The Cnban Affair* The Steamer Georgia is reported to have brought news of the suppression of the in surrection, and that most of the battles and victories were fought out only in the New York and New Orlaans papers for the bene fit of Liberty throughout the world, general ly, and Cuba in particular. This again is contradicted and tho N. Y. Sun makes a •"eat parade ol battles fonght and victories won. Whai .I°*' * Shadrach. the Fugitive Slave —A Montreal correspondent of The Cleveland True Demo* crat says . Did you ever h9at of one Shadrach Mink ins; the one that ran away from Boston; the very same. Yss, here he is, 172J North Dame st. I went with Mr. R. Maxcey, a gentleman from Mississippi, to see Shadrach) at Mr. M.' request. Shadrach is keeping a saloon and doing well, but says he had rather live in Boston, all other things being equal. tyThe business on the Telegraph seems to be steadily increasing. On Saturday last the largest number of messages were sent from the Muncy office, that have been des patched in any one day since the opening of the Office. There is no doubt but that the line will pay a handsome per centage. [ Muncy Luminary. The indebtedness of the oily of San Fran oisco is $1,364,389. Sacramento owes $380,- 000. From tho ITarrisburg Keystone. Another Slave Case. On Thursday evening last, officers Henry Loyer and John Sanders brought Wra. Smith alias dicius, Bob Sterling, a negro, claimed as a slave before United States Commission er McAllister, for a hearing. The claimant in the case was Mrs. Elizabeth J. O'Neill, of Havre de Grace, Hartford county, Maryland. Her principal witness was also a womau. Upon Mrs. O'Neill's information, the warrant was issued lo above named officers by Com missioner McAllister and they arrested Smith in Columbia abo^^ -o'clock in the afternoon while he wo%-*4ngaged unloading a coal boat. The slave was arrested and brought to Harrisburg without difficulty or excitement. A number of our most respectable citizens were at the Commissioner's office and con versed with the prisoner and remained da ring the trial.—The hearing occupied about 1 hour. The news soon spread over town and a number of negroes collected at and near the Commissioner's office.—The evi dence is given below. The proof is clear that Wm. Smith' was owned by Wm O'Neill, of Havre de Grace, Md., that lie inherited Smith from his fath er John O'Neillj who died in the year 1838, frotn which time Smith was in the posses sion of Wm. O'Neill, known notoriously as his slave, that Smith escaped and fled frotn Maryland in the Spring of 1845, that *Wni- O'Neill died in the fall of that year and that his widow, Mrs. Elizabeth J. O'Neill, was soon after appointed the administratrix of her husband. She had therefore the right to the custody and possession of this slave as part of the assets of her. decedent's estate. The Commissioner gave judgment accord ingly and made out a certificate of removal. As some excitement was manifested out of doors, Mrs. O'Neill made affidavit "that she had reason lo apprehend that her fugitive slave would be rescued by force from her possession before lie could be taken beyond the limits of this state" according to the act of Congress; wherefore the Commissioner remanded the fugitive to "the custody qf the officer making the arrest" with instructions to remove and safely doliver him lo Mrs. O'- Neill in the state of Maryland. As Wm. F. Johnston, our abolition Gover nor lias refused to sign the bill giving the use of the goals of the state for the safe cus tody and detention of fugitives from labor during the time of their trial and removal, the officers had very considerable difficulty to procure a proper place to keep the s'avo during the night. After considerable delay they induced the keeper of one of our hotoU lo affiird the necessary accommodation.— This, however, was the signal for a general assembling of the negroes touiid the hole' whioh proved quite a serious source of an noyance and apprehension to its respectable inmates. Daring the night some base aboli tion incendiary set fire to the hotel in a place most likely to accomplish the fell purpose of the black demon I The fire was discovered however Oefore it had time to gather force enough to do any considerable damage, and promptly extinguished. 1 It seems however to be a source of seciet gratification to our executive to co-operate with the abolition incendiaries, black and white, in endangering the lives and property of the citizens of Pennsylvania who have the moral courage and patriotism to assist in executing the provisions of the national con stitution. Shame upon such a Governor iu good old law abiding, conservative Pennsyl vania. The peoplo of this slate, whigs and demo crats, every man who loves the honor aud national character of this great and growing commonwealth, should rise tip and say lo this Governor Johnston, "Sir, sign this bill which you now keep in your pocket, giving the uso of our jails to citizens ol our' sister slates for the reclamation of their fugitives, or we'll hurl you from the proud position you are now attempting to desecrate, with scorn and virtuous indignation." Tho act of 1847, acts harshly upon the cit izens of other states; assail rights guaran teed lo them by the constitution and insults them by the studied malignity of its provis ions. It is unneighborly, unconstitutional and unkinJ. Itißtead of being a conservator of the public peace, as its title very hypo critically professes, it has been the occasion of bloodshed and riot and has been the pre tence for murder and treason.—The lament ed Kennedy in Carlisle was the murdered victim of its insane policy, and in our own beautiful borough the heroio Taylor and nine other respectable citizens of Virginia, who came here under the garantees of the con stitution, to claim their fugitive property, barely escaped slaughter from an infuriated mob, who made the supposed violation of the provisions of the act of 1847 the osten sible ground and occasion for the attempted rescue and the outrageous assault upon Mr. Taylor and his companions. Every citizen of Harrisburg knows this fact, and every man conveisant with the facts knows that if Judge Pearson had no*, been inhibited by the provisions of the act of 1847, from taking cognisance of the matter and deciding, as was customary in Pennsylvania under the act of 1783 before the passage of tho act of 1847, the question wltethor the negroes ar rested by Taylor were his slaves or not, that they could have been removed to Virginia without riot or bloodshed. But as it was, the Judge had lo say to Mr. Taylor—"My hands are tied by the act of 1847—1 cannot judicially determine whether these are your slaves or not; we wijl discharge these men , if, however, they are your slave® ye* have a constitutional right to seize them peacea bly and lake them home; but we are debar ted under our laws from rendering you any assistance." The slaves were accordingly discharged aud Mr. Taylor and his friends endeavored to seize them, for which he was attacked by a negro mob urged on by black hearted white abolitionists, were beaten, abused, and imprisoned, and afterwards tried lor violation the infamous and unconstitu tional provisions of the act of 1847. This very riot and trial in Harrisburg, if not the immediate occasion, served materially to facilitate the passage of tho fugitive slave law. The facts of this case made it appa. rent to the nation that the net of 1817 made the conMitutional provision and the act of 1793 entirely inoperative and a dead letter in Pennsylvania, Massachusetts and other • slates where such hostile and unneighborly statutes existed. It became necessary then to pats a supplement to the act of 1793, to meet the obstacles interposed by the act of 1847, and other kindred measures. Hence the origin of the fugitive slave law, so called. The represonlalives of the peoplo oonvnn ed iu general assembly at Harrisburg, in the winter of 1861, with a fixed determination to wipe from the statuto'book all the uncon stitutional and disgraceful feature of the act of 1817. The fugitive slave law had then been in existence for a few months nnd the use of our prison was generally supposed to bo necessary to the true and faithful execu tion of this law, and it was deemed harsh legislation to refuse die use of our jails for the custody of fugitives from neighboring and sister states united in a common confed eracy, while their use was freely granted to citizens of foreign and distant nations for (he same purpose. When the legislature convened they were therefore nearly unanimous lor the repeat of the section giving the uso of the jails for tho detention of fugitives from labor; but tho whigi, poor fellows, bud not yet been initia ted into the abolition policy of Wm. F. John ston . We here assert, without fear of contradic tion, that Johnston labored assiduously from the assembling of the legislature till its ad" journment, to combine the whig party against the repesl of the act of 1817, and whigs who came here warmly in favor of repeal were wheeled round under the assiduous teachings of this dangerous demagogue, who rode into power upon the shoulders of the hero of Buena Vssta. The consideration of this conspiracy against the interest and honor of Pennsylva nia and tho integrity ol the Union, was the abolition of the Stale, and well has Johnston earned it, uot only by his efforts in this par ticular, bul also from Ins known hostility to the compromise measures and hi* ridicule of the patriotic labors of such men as Cass Foote, Clay, Webster, and others who hero' ically stemmed the torrent of a perverted public opinion and manfully stood in the breach.made by Pre enemies of the consti tution and Union. Every abolitionist in the state will vote for Wm. F: Johnston and every negro will rend the skies with shouts of triumph in case he succeeds, and kindle bonfires upon every hill-top nt the prospect of giving freedom to their brethren in the south over the ruins of the federal constitution. Patriotic cit'zens of tho Ke'ysto'r.e state' can you endure this, and will you sit still ami permit Wm. F. Johnston to barter awey your birthright lot the advancement of his own insane ambition, ami are you ready to de stroy the glorious edifice ol this Union, con structed by our revolutionary fathers, to please a few thousand abolitionists in Penn sylvania who are themselves the hardest taskmasters iu the world! National whigs, fiiomUof UilUrd Fillmore, are you prepared to sustain the man. so deadly hostile to tho very measures which the future historian will chronicle as the pride of the present na tional administration ? Friends of General Seo it, are you prepared to sustain Wm. P. Johnston in his attacks upon your country's constitution and in his assiduous attempts to plungo the nation in all the horrors of a ser vile and civil war? IVill you suffer the name of Scott to be coupled with that of the traitor Johnston ? And will you permit the storm that is now gathering in lowering blackness over Pennsylvania against John ston to discharge its fury upon the devoted head of your great chief and sweep him too into political obsourily ? Citizens of Pennsylvania arousa your selves to action and give Wm, F. Johnston an inglorious and overwhelming defeat on the 2d Tuesday of October next. THE NEXT CONOR ESS. —The twenty-second Congress will be largely Democratic. Of the 62 members of the Senate, 59 have beon elected, and of those thirty-five are Demo crats, and twenty-four Whigs. Two of the Democrats and three of the Whigs are what are called Free Soil. There are three va cancies, viz;—one in Connecticut, one in Tennessee, and one in California. The Legislature of Tennessee just elected is said to be Whig in both branches, which of course secures the election of Whig Senator. The California Senator will probably be Democratic. Connecticut doubtful. Of the 233 members of the House, 191 have been elected, of which 110 are Democrats and 81 Whigs, a Democratic gain of SI. Eight Stares have yet to elect their representatives, and taking the last Congress as a test of their political character, the return will be 10 Whiga and 32 Democrats, making the total strength of the (wo parties in the House stand as follows: Whigs 91, Democrats 142. If by any chance the election of President should devolve upon the House, the Demo cratic candidate will of course be elected. t3T The San Francisco correspondent of the Journal of Commerce, under dale of Ju ly Ist, saya that a cargo of ice had arrirad there, ana stowed in it were 150 barrels of 'Baldwin' apples, nicely packed, and oaoh apple carefully envelopod in paper. Not withstanding their porishing condition, flavor gone, and many of them decayed, and none thai would keep sound a fortnight, they rea dily found purchasers at 830 per bam! in parcels of <> f per single barrel. Thay are retailed about our streets at 25 cents each for those that are souud ; tha others, three for a quarter, according to the number of "specs." fc#" Tho greatest lump of pure gold ever found in California, was, according to the California papers, taken out by Messrs. Brown, Beach and Forrest*, on Scott's Bar, Scott's River, in June last. Its value is 831- 50, and it is said that there is not a particle of quartz mixed with the gold, anil the en tire lnmp is free from spot or blemish. MRS. AMEI.IA BJ.OOMER publishes a card in one of the Boston papers, denying that she has returned to "kmg skirts."