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THE STAR OF THE NORTH
"B, w.WMTtr Proprlrtor.] Tmtt uA Bight— AH y. j, [Tw Dollars per Aomin; VOLUME 3. TUB STAB OP THE NORTH Is published every Thursday Morning, by N. W. WEAVER. OFFICE—Up stairs in the New Brick building on the south side of Main street, third square below Market. TERMS :—Two Dollars per annum, if paid within Bix months from the time of subsori ting; two dollars and fifty cents if not paid within the year. No subscription received for a less period than six months: no discon siattsncs permitted arrearages are giaid, unless at the optioßpf the editors. -ADVERTISEMENTS not exceeding one square Will be inserted three times for one do.!*r,anu twenty-five cents for each additionl inser Lion. A liberal discount will bs made to those who advertise by Iks year. TUB SOUNDS OF INDUSTRY' J UT TBANCIS D. CAGE. 1 lovo the bsngir.g hammer, The whirring ol the piano, The crushing of the busy saw, The creaking of the crane, The ringing ef the anvil, The grating of the drill, The clattering of the turning lathe, The whirling of the mill, The buzzing of the spindlo, The rattling of the leom, The puffing of the engine, And the fan's continuous boom— The clipping of the tailor's shears, The driving of the awl, The sounds of busy labor— I 1 love, 1 love them all. I love the ploughman's whistle, The rasper's cheerful song, The drover's oft-repeated shout, As he spuis his stock along ; The bustle of tho market-man, As he hies him to the tows, The hallo from the tree-top, As tho ripened fruit comes down ; The busy sound of the threshers, As they clean the ripened grain, And busters'joke, and mirth, and glee, 'Neath the moonlight on the plain , The kind voioe of tho dairvman, The shepherd's gentle call— These sounds of active iniUscry, I love, I love .tham aIL For they tell my longing spirit Of the earnestness ul life.: How much of all its happiness Comes ou'. of toil aud strife. Not that toil and strife that fair.teth And murmureth all the way— But the toil and strife that groanelh Beneath the tyrant's sway ; But the toil and strife that eptingetU From a free and willing heart, A strife which ever bringeili To the striver all his part. Oh, there is good in labor, If we labor but aright, That gives vigor to the lUy-lirao, Ana a sweeter sleep at night- A good that bringeth pleasure, Even te the toiling hours— For duty cheers the spirit As the dew revives the flowers. Oh, say not that Jehovnh Bade us labor as a doom ; No, tt is bis richest mercy, And will scatter lia'f life's doom 1 Theu let us still be doing Whate'er we find to do— With an earnest willinc spirit, And a strong hand FREE AND TRUE. From the Easton Argus. I,lfe in Virginia. BUFFALO SPRINGS, VA. July 18, 1851. I have been rusticating for the past ten days at this pleasant Summer resort, and having plenty of waste lime to dispose of, it affords me much pleasure to scribble, (probably more than you would derive from reading,) a few hasty lines. Tho Buffalo springs are situated in a valley running be tween theTobaccoro Mountain ami (he Bluo Ridge, 26 miles in a Northwesterly direction from Ly nchburg, in Amherst county and are much resorted to by invalids from ull sec tion* of tko Union. Tho excellent medicin al qualities of tho water, render them pecu liarly valuable to persons afllicted with rheumatism and dyspepsia. Being strongly tinctured with sulphur, the water is not re markable for its sweet smell and the taste is in accordance with tho smell. As it is used here for all domestic purposes, visitors re ceive the full benofit of its good qualities. The ground surrounding tho main building re covereJ with shade treos, which afford line shelter from the oppression of a South ern sun; on either side of the lawn are rows jo( one story houses or "cabins," which the •visitors can occupy if they prefer one of ihem to a room in tho main building. The ■pure mountain air and the water have an in vigorating influence on those who are un fortunate enough to be afllicted with any of the "ill* the human flesh is heir to," and an occasional Ball is given during the Ma won, which makes the time pass pleasantly •enough. The only unpleasant drawback to residence here is the bail influence it ha* .an a man's purse. That is very apt to pre sent a consumptive appearance. The region of country in which these springs are located presents a mighty dull and uninteresting appearance—especially to a man who haa been accustomed to look Aipon the rich farms ol Pennsylvania. It is exceedingly hilly, lull of gullies, stony, and the soil looks as if it had been baked in a tremendous oven and then deposited on the top of better land beneath. In many places, low lands (hat I would suppose were sus ceptible of cultivation are overgrown with Briars, while the lops of high hills are made to raise tobacco and grain. There is either snore poor land or poor farming in the Stale ef Virginia, than in any other region that my limited travels have allowed me to se9. I have no doubt there is enough of both. Much of the land that is cultivated here would not be considered of suflicient value BLOOMSBURG, COLUMBIA COUNTY, PA., THURSDAY. SEPTEMBER 4,""1851. - - - NUMBER 32 in Monroe county, to pay the taxes on it. One of our Pennsylvania Farmers will raise ra 200 acres than most of these Plan ters do on 700. Some of the land is mana- | ged so miserably that the grain and oats re | minds mo of the Jfirat attempt of an urcLin of 16 to hurry on his manhood with a pair of whiskers, which, like the Western towns, are generally extensivelj laid out but thinly settled. My attention was directed a few 1 days ago to a field which had been cleared Inst summer, was ploughed with a shovel plough, about two inches deep, sowed in wheat in November and harrowed by drag ' gin£ ® large bundle of brush or bushes over it! I couJd have counted all the stalks that had been cut 0/1 an acre of that ground, in less than an hous. iJo riC pretend to say that this is a specimen of the geneT.*' system of farming hero. Along the James Ri\"* r ' where the land is naturally rich, I have seen as good crops as can be found an) where, and ruuch of '.he soil that is susceptiblo of being improved, is kept poor for want of Time; but hundreds of acres that are really good, suffer for want of proper management. I havo no doubt that a competent and in dustrious Pennsylvania Farmer, could do well by coming here; and purchasing some of the host had low, and 1 farming it on the good old German plaD, ploughing deep, not scattering a cart load cf manure over a whole plantation, and era | ploying white instead of black labor. Many j Pennsylvauians have ulreado settled in Vir | ginia, principally west of the Blue Hidge, and I am told tney invariably realize their expectations. There is always a good mar ket here for all kinds of produce, simply l because jwsJ oclion does not exceed the eot- I sumption, so that all kinds of produce com mands a good praoe -1 Sonne of our young men who possess j health, strength snd activity, and who gen- I dally know how to manage a Farm, would |do well to coma out here and hire lliem -1 selves as overseers. Their services would : be gladly accepted and they could almost | command their own price. The general pay j of a good farm hand or "knecht," in our 1 State, is from eight to ten dollars a month, j board included. The overseer en a planta ! tron belonging to a friend of mine, has a j very pleasant brick houso for himself and : wife to live tn, has all he needs for his fani | ily, his own cow, pigs, &c , several acres for j a garden and 8200 a year. One of our I young men, by practising tho economy and ! oruvltMir.ta wliich charaittdrirea a majority of ' them, could save the greater part of his sal j nry, and in a few years, without a dollar ol , his own, set up for himself. In Pennsylva : nia, whore lands are high and wages low, 1 the son of a poor farmer must struggle for I years, often his entire lifetime, to secuto a ' competency tr a clear title to a small farm. ] But he would here havo to make up his i mind to resist tho only evil influence of sla ! very, which creates a prejudice ngainst labor ! and learns A large portion f the white pop i ulatioc of the South to look bpon honest in [ dustry and labor as disreputable, 110 must | prevent all such anti-republican and aristo j oratic notions from obtaining a foot hold in j his mind. He must not be ashamed to work I —to mount his saddle horse and take his j own proJuco to market—to guido his own plough and carry his own grain to mill. Hu man naturo is very easily spoiled, and when a man is thrown among wolves, nothing seems moro easy for him than to do as | wolves do. Virginia, so prolific of great men and ex cellent principles, so proverbial for her lib erality and Lespilality with a people high minded aud honorable, is at least half a century behind some of the Northern States. It will take her at least that long to overtake Pennsylvania. She has all the elements of wealth; iron in her hills, and coal—strength and substance in her valleys, power ill her streams, but there they lay and there 1 fear they will continuo to lay, for years to-corns. This great old Dominion has capitul enough, but she wants more people, more energy, more enterprise, more republicanism, more of that spirit of progress which has made this Nation the wonder of the world. You 6eo the want of these in every mile you travel. The country is deficient in hotels. There is not a hotel in Lynchburg that can be compared with the old "Washington" kept by friend BELLIS and instead of fine, large, clean-looking taverns such as Captain HECKMAN or CHARLEY SANUT preside over with so much grace, you see in a country tavern a one-story log houso, with a small sign swinging from an iron arm attached to a post and the word "entertainment" paint ed thereon by any but the hand of an artist. The house presents anything but an inviting appearance, either ineide or outside. In addition to the Tavern, a store ie generally kept, containing tin |;kettlei and pins, gill breast-pins and calico, soap and candy, vin egar and wash-machines, fish-hooks and peppermint, and a* great a variety of no tions as *y Yankee ever carried in his pack. Travel on and you caa go for miles without passing a fine, large Mill, such as we are accustomed to see every hour in any part of our State. I doubt whether there is a creek in all Virginia that runs os many Mills as doe* the Bushkill. Saw-milis, Tan neries And Factories of every description ate about as frequent as angel's visits, and one can travel ten, fifteen or twenty miles, on the most public road, without passing halt a dozen bouses. There ie a great lack of mechanical ekill in many of tha build ings. The house in which I am now writing, is a fair specimen of this fact. All the rooms hare received but one rough coat of' plastering, the doorfe are fastened with hooks such as we use to keep our gates closed, the bed-steads are fastened with ropes in stead of screws, the doors have never seen a particle of paint, pieces of calico are nail- i ed to the windows for curtains and 1 have yet to see the room that is carpeted—and | yet this is a fashionablo watering place.— ! Even in Richmond, the capitul of tha State, the buildings present the same gloomy, de lapidated, unpainted and unwhitewashed appearance. There is nothing bright, cheer ful nor attractive in the general appearance of a Virginia town. They look as if they had been built previous to the Revolution and never been painted or repaired. I do not say these things for the purpose of ridiculing the South or out of Any preju dice I feel against this section. I don't think I will ever be accused of Abolitionism jnd God knows 1 lovo tho people of tho South.?* every Northerner who comes among them : uJ lciun > 10 know ' heir nol,le i generous and fraulf character. These aro facts the Southern j!?ople know themselves and generally admit. They 'be ovil and know that it exists. Tho nevf cd."®'""" lion of Virginia, which is now being framed by the Convention, in session at Richmond, can and will do much, towards elevating tho Commonwealth and placing her in a moro prosperous condition. One of the most im portant of its features, which the convention has already adopted, is, the extension of the right of snflrage, to the poor man. The odious property qualification, so anti-repub lican in its tendency and character, will be removed. The step will make the poor resident FXEL MOKE LIKE A MAN —it will stim ulate him to renewed efforts in behalf of his State, because he will feel more like having a personal interest in her welfare, and it will remove ono of the chief causes which creates such pernicious, false rlis ti:ict<His,'_ between the rich and poor. I observed, while looking over the regis ter of one of the principal Hotels in Lynch burg, tit at some of the Philadelphia "drum mers" who spend the summer season in drumming up custom for their employers, write lite words "anti-Abolitionist" behind their nnmes. These gentlsmon must bo very fearful of being suspected, and shows but a limited knowledge of human nature m those who resort to this expedient if tliey suppose the Merchants of the South can bo caught by any such gull-trap. 1 should be inclined to suspect him most strongly of üboliiioiiism who proclaims contrary princi ples, from die liouoe-top, when it is interests arc at stake. It is true there is much jeal ousy in llie South, and almost every North i ern man is more oi less supecte.i, but if these Philadelphia Merchants, who aro generally found in the ranks of tho whig party, diad sustained the national policy of tho demo cratic party, when they had an opportunity to do so, the country would never have been cursed with agitation that shook the Nation like an earthquake, and they would not now bo under the necessity of resorting to such expedients to still the storm they themselves helped to raise. They will have another opportunity the coming Fall to show wheth er they havo most love for their country and their own interests, or federal abolitionism. If they forget what is duo to their country and themselves, and unitedly sustaiu Gov. JOHNSTON in his abolition coarse, t(ie most effectual way to punish them, would be for tho democratic Merchants of Philadelphia to publish a list of those houses that support one set of views at home and another abroad, and post them in every principal town in theSotith. That would bring them to their senses. If men wou't be governed by the principles they know to be right, let their pockets pay the penalty. Some eight or ten days ago, I spent an evening with a frtond whose son plays de liuhtfoliy on the Banjo —an instrument which seems to have peculiar charms for tho negro and is quite popular in the South. During the evening the evening the darkies sent in a messenger to the young man, with a re quest to let them dance to the music on tiie grass in the yard. The request was of course cheerfully granted and at it tiiey went, old and young, big and little, mala aud female. I had always heard it said that "a nigger at a dance was the happiest mortal on earth," and certainly a happier set of darkies I never saw. I could not help contrasting the scene with one recently wit nessed in Easlon, when about the same number of colored people were thrown into prison for stealing and drunkenness, and subsequently turned out into the street in a miserable stato of destitution, with no home no money, no food, no fnends. I would have felt gratified to have bad some of my especial Ireo-soil friends at my 6ide, to give them an opportunity to contrast the differ ence between the negro in the Slate of Sla very and the negro in freedom. Talk oi freedom to the negro, indeed! what mock ery! Why, the greatest blessing God ever bestowed upon any portion of tho negro race was to send them iiere and place them in alavery. Their condition is ten limes more pleasant and comfortable than that of .the Northern free negroes. What on earth have they to trouble them! What cares have they upon their minds! They have good houses to live in, are comfortably clothed and fed and never over-worked, oared for in sickness and old age, and what more do they want! The frequent asaorjjon that they are "kept in ignorance" is not true. They have every means of acquiring knowledge and all the churches in the land are open to them. Talk to them and you will find that meny of the slaves have bet-' ter ideas of Christianity, are more <eomrer-; sant *fllh the teachings of the Hdty Bible, and afe better prepared to meet death, than thousands of white heathens who would se duce them from their homes or.ly to flee them fall into dissolute habits and end their life in a prison or a poor-house. It is very true, there are those who treat tham harshly and severely, and it is very true, too, tha' the hardest masters they have, are generally from the North. But the honest, obedient, upright Blavo is always well and kindly I treated. In many instances he is allowed the use of a strip of land for his own pur poses, which he can cultivate if he chooses. In this way many of them have saved more than money enough to purchaso their own freedom, and not unfrequently they became better off than their Masters. Tbey are kept entirely njt. Merchant or storekeeper is allowed to *ell liquor to a negro without on order from his Master. The truth is, the negro has not the natural ability to capacitate him for sell-government, j If all the negroes in the United States could ! at once be placed in a country of their own, | with all the advantages of the education j liiej* h(ul the capacity to obtain, they could not and Tvou. I *' no ' sustain a Government of their own. Tl.o of Liberia has proven this—the Republic oi has de monstrated lite same thing. WiilidravT 'ho aid of the whites from Ihe former and the j negro race will degenerate into barbarism. The attempt to create a Republic ot Hayti, 1 has turned out a miserable failure. Slavery or barbarism, is thd only alternative. They never could govern —I don't be lieve God ever intended that they should. W. H 11. #—-—■— From the "Saturday Visiter" of July 26th, edited at Pittsburg by Mrs. Swisshelm, we take the following atticle, which settles the question in regard to short dresses and big trowsers. Wo would commend it to the at tentive perusal of such as have tire Bloomer mania. TIIE BLOOMER COSTUME. We mrt the following from a late number of the Olive Branch: I.ONO SKIRTS AND RIO WrCS. Mrs. Swisshelm, as quoted in last week's • Olive Branch, says : "Long, loose skirts are as intimately connected, in our inind, with womanhood, as gowns and wigs, in the mind of an Englishman, with a court of jus tice;" —and as little connected in reality. In both cases the connection is a mere mat ter of fancy and custom. As our conns of j justice havo been relieved of a nuisanco by i tho banishment of the owlish wig, 60 wo manhood will cast off a ridiculous excres cenco by laying aside the draggling skirt Will the excellent lady who presides | over the Pittsburgh Saturday Visiter I lend her powerful influence in favor of the ; effort which is now made to send the long skirts "whore the big wigs havo gone," and thus relieve her sex of an evil against which true taste, neatness, economy and health have long cried out in vain ! MEDICCS BOSTONIENSIS. This is one of many similar appeals which have readied us from public and private sources. One lady who feels deeply inter ested in the adoption of the now dress says, 'You have injured us veiy much, and you were the last one from whom we expected such a blow." A gentleman writes, "If you will come out in favor of the full Bloomer dress I can get you plenty of subscribers 1" We know he jests, and does not wish we should come out in favor of any thing we do not like ; and we know, too, that the friends of this change greatly overrate our influence. We never were a leader of tho ton, but al ways dressed after a fashion of our own with out ever getting'quite out of fashion. Our rule has been to wear what appeared to us convenient, healthful, suitable to the occa sion ; and as rich and becoming as out fi nances would afford; bat never to cast a diess aside on account of any new fashion so long as it did not become so outre as to attract the attention of the boys on the street. If the little fellows kept on rolling their mar bles while we passed, our dress was not yet out of date. Oue should not bo expected to give up a life-long rule of action without a good and sufficient reason. It cannot be that our solitary example nnd opinion could materially aid the adoption of any article of dress; for we are always singular in some 1 degree, auJ nobody ever follows our fashion. We never wore the slightest appearance of, or subetit ite for a bustle, but have no knowl edge of ever influencing one individual to wear a yard of muslin, or a pound of cot ton, or 4 bushel of bran the less. VVe hare worn a broad-brimmed chip hat for years at all auch times and places it appeared suita ble, bat nobody follows our example. For ten years we have worn long boots for walk, ing in the country in inclement weather, yet many of our most intimate friends paddle through the snow and mud in slippers even unto this day. So, the friends of the Bloo mer costumo may make themselves easy about our influence, for we have none. If we tell any truth which affects the popularity of this new dress, it may hare its influence; but the mere matter of opinion or example is not worth a snuff! When Mrs. Bloomer first announced that shs had adopted this dress, we thought favorably of the project, immediately made one of tho suits, wore it repeatedly, at work in the garden and to neighbors' houses. We did not like it, and no one who saw it did. So we laid it aside thinking it was not properly mads; but said i nothing about it until several Eastern and Western papers announced we had adapted •it. We thought this announcement calcula ted to injure our influence ; and as it was not a matter upon which we wished to spend our strength we contradicted the.report, with out offering any serious objection to the dress, ind giving to those interested in its adoption the credit their earnestness deserv ed. From tiie admiration expressed by men and notnea of good sense and good taste the recommendation of intelligent physi cians, and more than nit the ribaldy of that gallant class of editors who think that giving laws for the length of women's petticouts is a part of their maso uline prerogatives, made 1 us think that tho dress must be a reform. At any rate it would be pleasant to wear or do any thing, not very inconvenient, which would excite the ire of these chivalrous pet ticoat inspectors, who should all bo appoint ed commttees in their several towns to ex amine the ladies' wardrobes, and sew ekes to all skirls which in their opinion are not long enough. So wo resolved to try nnd learn to like tho new dress, and were glad when Mrs. Burr came on a visit to our ltouse ) to find she had one made according to Mrs. Bloomer's directions. We both donned our dresses, looked at oue another and wore them abour the house. She was 60 very pretty, and her figure so fioe, that no dress could destroy her appearance, and we did think it looked well! but ours was most com friable, because it is customary in our coun. try lot yvd.7 ,e Q 1° cu ' an J "take most of the clothes worn in Jhel: families. We know how to cut trowsers, anJ fouriJ pur New York Iriends did not, for thosd tn?' were the right length when standing were too short when sitting, and made a heavy strain on the sides when in this position. This diffi culty. when it exists, must far more than counterbalance any other advantage of the dress, for the strain upon the sides in sitting down would be worse than carrying ten pounds of skirts while walking. When Mrs. B. left we laid aside the dres® once more, but lately resolvdd to give it an other trial; made one of a prettier material calculated for summer wear, and wore it for several days, at home aud visiting amongst the neighbors; aud now wo give it up con vinced that it is a mistake. If the trowsers are loose at the ankle, they go flip flap]; if gathered to a band and falling over in a puff, | they go slip slap, as one walks. If there is a rufle to fall down on the top of the foot, it gets in the mud, and is as ugly as tho long est skirt—lf it is drawn up lobe conveni ent, as much of the foot and ankle is expos |s* —; n a |,irt short enough for all convenience, and long enough without trow sers. Then, the trowsers, all of them, give a general appearance of deformity—of drop sical legs. Next, with a skirt, that falls six inches below the knee, ono cannot have tho upper part of trowsers made like the drawers worn by women and children. They must be liko men's pantaloons, or at least those worn by boys of three and four years. The undergarments must be worn inside of these, aud they supported by straps over the shoulders or a body to which they are fasten ed by half a dozen buttons, round the waist band. Where the convenience of such a dress would be, it isdifficulr to imagine; as for healthfulness there is not one in five hun dred, if it were generally worn, who would use cilhor straps or a body to support the trowsers, but would make notches in their sides and hang thorn upon lire hip bones, just as they now do the skirts, and as men lately did their pantaloons, until the surgeon at West Point had to protest against the fash ion as a fruitful cause of disease among the cadets. Trowsers worn without resting up on the shoulders are much worse than skirts, because of the strain in sitting, and this strain is much greater with women than men, on account of the difference in their form. In stooping far enough to lift a thim ble from the carpet, or pluck a daisy, in a skirt six inches below the knee, the front part of the drapery fulls on tho top of the loct, and the back part rises some eight ot ten inches over the knee, tiius exposing the front part of the underskirts almost to the waist. If one avoids the stooping position by 'squatting,' there must bo a constant care and use of the hands to insure that the skirls do not lodge on the knee, but fall over. If they do not, one may exhibit her trow sers to the waist; and when a woman ex hibits her form with no other covoring than bowsers, we do not want to be there. Then, again, in sitting down one must be constant ly on guard that one does not sit on the hem of tho skirt, and sit an it to as to wrinkle it in the form of a festoon, like one often sees men's sack coats. To wear any kind of dra pery well, requires some taot and skill in the wearer, and it is much easier to manngo a long than a short skirt. We should rather undertake to manage an ordinary riding skirt in a promenade through a briar patch, than get about in a skirt that only reached to the knee. Loose drapery is n necessary to the appendage of womanhood ; and how it can be regarded as "an evil" it more than wo can imagine. VVe shall next ex pect to hear of "the evil" of long hair and eye-lashes, and the oppression of long necks, droeping shoulders, taper fingers and wo manly busts. Skirts which reach quite down to the ankle and touch the top of the foot are no impediment to walking unless they are worn with some kind of bifurcated gar ment underneath, and the two together do sometimes stop locomotion altogether until they can be pulled into place; but we would give the men folk a monopoly of all manner of covering for the nether nether limb* ex cept shirt—oh yes, and boots in muddy wea ther. Soft loose skirts and warm stocking" are all the covering any woman's limbs re quire, uuless'in case of some emergency travelling in a storm, but when one gets in side of a quilted balloon or a grass cloth tub, she wants clothing to .protect her from her clothing. In an aliio letter to the Neut York Tribune, Mrs. Bloomer defends the new dress as su perior in healthfillness and convenience, be cause the long skirts require so many undor clothes that carrying them is a burden. Our experience teaches us that decency requires three coverings for the person the warmest weather, two of mttsliu and ono of lawn— tho exidest of the underskirts to be three yards in circumference, the other two and a half, the law.i skill outside may be fuur, five, six or seven yards wide, and the three gar ments would weigh two pounds, scarcely so much. When this rests upon llio shoulders it is not a very grievous burden, and if it is not enough for the requirements of decency, it is twenty years since wo were decently dresseclon a very warm day. If the wind likes to come and wrap your skirls close around your limbs, thai is the winds busi ness, and wo do not sco that any one lias a right to interfere with old Boreas when ho is engaged in a lawful calling; but if you want to check liis advances, put a little starch and gum in the two out! Ide skirts, and if your lawn is very thin lie will whistle through without taking the trouble to bend it close enough around your form to reveal your proportions. When the weather will permit, add another skirt for comfort; but noiid ? r e needed for show. It is a false idea a bustle-relic— ! ,ia ' we must put on amass of drapery to make a form 'OF ourselves. Tho Good Father made (he form, and mado it very nicely. All wo havo to do is to clothe it, and leave its proportions just as we find them. Wo cannot seo that tho adoption ol this costume promises any amdneraent in this respect. All the Bloomer dresses we have seen were made with long, titglit funnel-sha ped bodices, and worn Willi a mass of skirts depending from the waist. I.iltlo girls have worn a similar dress ever since tve can rem ember, and does not every one know that their lungs are as much crushed and their spine as much overloaded as those of their matnmas ! We rather opine that the short ening of tho skirt will tend to increase the pressure ou the waist, for as fashion requires one to be slim according to the height, a shortening of drapery, which makes the per son look shorter, will call for a corresponding reduction In the horizontal dimensions of the waist. Then, hroad-rimtned hats are not a suitable covering for the head in ail places. In a crowded thoroughfare they would be very inconvenient. In a church or lecture room they would be inadmissable, as hiding the speaker from ull the audience except those in the front seats. I We are sorry, very sorry, that Mrs. 8100. i mer and other women of mind, whom we had looke'd upon as co-laborers in the work of awakening public attection to the legal and social disadvantages under which wo man labors, should have drawn off their for ces to get up a doughty campaign against the bondage of petticoats. They m'ght have left French milliners and American apes to burn up mill dams and turn rivers up stream about the pattern of a new frock . and if the world must needs be set by the ears about a few inches of skill, let some body attend to getting up the fight who is good for nothing else. Any woman of good common cense dhn dress consistently with tho laws of health, cleanliness and conveni ence, without giving the matter much atten tion, or rendering herself painfully conspicu ous. The]wholo controversy is much ado about nothing—a grand petticoat-warfare, I which would appear to argue that woman can | never got above dress—that in soruo form it 1 must occupy the first place in her affections, ! the principal part of her thoughts. It makes oue blush to think of women who are great moral (reformers, setting to work to fix tho attention of tho attention of tho world upon a new-fashioned petticoat! How would it sound in history to learn that Calvin, Melaticllion and Luther had Bet Eu rope by tne ears about buckskin breeches 1 aud suppose Father Matthew, and John B. Gough, ana William Burleigh should lay their heads together to draw the attention of all newepaperdom to tho cut of a new pair of pantaloons ! How would it do for a few of our leading statesmen to gel up a general hub-bub all over (fie country about drab coats ' Aud does it look any better for wo men who are acknowledged to be the lead ing minds of their sex and age, to put all Christendom into a fizz about a new petti coat ! _____ llow are the Mighty Fallen t The Ledger of Saturday says : "It will bo seen by reference to the sales, that there were 100 shares of the U. K Bank sold yesterday at ono dollar per share ! Alas, how are the mighty fallen ! Fifteen yoars 1 ago it stood the proudest and most powerful j institution in the Union. In its arrogance itl presumed to dispute with the government for ascendancy, and but for the great person al popularity of Gen. Jackson, probably j would have succeeded in its aim. Now on ly one dollar per share will be given for it, aud emn oue cent per share is beluived to be more than it is worth." We have a scrap of an old newspaper in which the slock of the same U. S. Bank is quoted at 9135 per share. "But yesterday it ruled the monied world, Now lie* it there and nogo so low to do it reverence." W'EAJI ITLL YJLKs. The.locomotive's coining, With a clatter an J a roar; Wo all shall see it presently, Or possibly beforo. * •It skims along the valleys * Like a pigeon in the sky, Or rather like a rocket ' Only not so high : | Dashing o'er the fountain, j Bless rne, how we sail, j Hipping through the mountains, Biding on a rail! j How the cars are crowded With people buuiul for York'! The country dealer for his goods, The farmer with his pork ! What a lot of gentlemen, Wasting leisure hours ; What a throng of ladies, \\ ith their knitting and their Rowers, Dashing o'er the fountain*. Bless they sail! j Kipping through the mountains I Hiding on a rail '/ ' j Now we're at the fastest; Most a mile a minute ; i How the iron pony sqtieuls! ! _ The very devil's in it! j Now the sinoke is in mv eyes ■ | Now it makes me oough ; ' I Can't I hire a boy to keep ' ; | My hair from blowing off! | Dashing o'er the fountains, j me, how vo sail! Kipping throug the mountains, ! Kidmg 011 a rail! ! —- j The Suubury and Erie Kullroad. j We live in an ago of the world when time i is money, in the strongest sense of the word ■ And time which is expended infeomnWe or travel must necessarily be measured hi ! t-.'sfanee, The merchant who leaves Nei v | \ ora, 1 liiladclphia or Baltimore for the Wc.l | will lake the shortest and quickest ro'uii J and order his goods to be forwarded on ill.* i same track. The same rule will apply i,. I the whole round of trade cr travel. It is d ! proposition to plan, too (practical to argue i And when we have shown the Sunburv and ! J'.rie Railroad to be ihe neaiest connection di ( the Lakes with the seaboard, we will hdve proved, that, whatever llio amount of vds | tern trade may be, this road, with other id vantages on a par with its rivals, may fairll j be expected to run the best chances of tho ! patronage of them all. i It is a startling lact which business men seem to have pone asleep over, that flew- I iorkj 1 hiladclulua and, the three great cities a/ j the Union, ni l all brought nearer to the frikc | side by this rouk th in any yet constructed o, l conceived. ) Toko Now York. Ii is distaut 478 miles j from Buffalo via Albany. It i s distant from I Dunkirk 470 miles via the New York ami Erie Railroad But Dunkirk is a town ol very inferior importance, with a very infe rior harbor, so that it is not regarded as llii-' terminus of that Railroad. The right i f way to Erie, in our Slate has been granted j them and they intend having it completed' I that far this fall—therefore we must consider j Erie as ihe point where they expect to touplr | the Lake trade. That point is 520 mile-' j distant from New York. Now the distance' | of New York from Erie by the Suubury ami i Erie routo is estamled at 460 miles, vid Caltawissa, Tamaqua, Easlon, and the Som ! L ' rv '" e Railroad across New Jersey. Thus | wo have this important fact, that the Sui) . bury and Erie Railroad is by ten miles tin I shortest route by which New York city curt I , the lakes, and by CO miles the shortest to j reach them u-hcre New York wishes to reach tliem—at the town cf Erie. A glance at the i map will illumine the whole subject. 1; ; will bo seen in a moment that this route i.i ! almost in a straight lino northwestard bo i tween the two places. j But the trade of the west is in some dtt" i S r ee undergoing a change. It is being j transferred in its lighter articles from the ; steamboats to the railroads. This is particu ! Urly true the travel. And when all the j connections have been formed with the rail | roads of Ohio, especially with those running j along the lake shore ami down into the in , tetiorof that Slate, much ol the freight ami travel will no longer pass over the Lakes i Then let us soe how this Sunbury ami Erie ' Railroad will even shorten the distance tj ! the West, in that condition of things. I Ihe New York and Erie Railroad has ii 1 wider guage than those of the West. Its j cars cannot pass farthoi than Erie, as our Sla'e will never give them the right to extend ' their line westward. This alone is a source of adranlage to the Sunbury and Erie Rail road, which can form connections with all j tho Ohio tracks touching our Northwestern ' border. | The people ol Ohio are advacatiiig tlirt . j policy of a branch of the Sunbury and Erie ! Road to run through Franklin in this State, I and Warren and Ravenna in Ohio, to Cleve land. They make the distance to be si(> miles from New Y'oik, whilst, by Ihe New Y'ork and Erie road it is about 624 miles. From New Y'ork to Worster (Ohio) ftom which Railroads diverge indifferent direct ions westward, there Is a difference of 168 miles in favor of the Sunbury over Ihe New- York and Erio Railroad. To N t Y. Cityj then, tho Sunbury and Erie R. R. is an ad vantage of 108 miles in reaching Cleveland, of 168 in reaching Wooster, the point from which railroads run out over the south and west, and of CO miles in reaching Erie—a matter of no small consideration. This question of distance has already ta ken up too much of our columns—we must reserve Ihe consideration of it as it affects Baltimore and Philadelphia, for another arti cle. _ He who hates his noighber, is miserable.