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R . VT. WEAVER, FJHTOR.
Dlooiusburp, iliursdy,Srpt. 11, 1851. DEMOCRATIC NOMINATIONS. FOR GOVK RNOH~ WM. BIGLER. FOH CANAL COMMISSIONER, SETH CLOVER. W/F////SSS. FOR THE SUPRF-ME BENCH. JOHN 0. GIBSON, of Cumberland, ELLIS LEWIS, cj Lancaster, JEREMIAH S. BLACK, of Somerset, WALTER 11. LOWRIE, of Allegheny, JAMES CAMPBELL, of Philadelphia. FOR REPRESENTATIVE, Mi E. JACKSON Es<h, of Usneick ASSOCIATE JUDGES, L< B. RUPERT of ftlocmsburg, STEPHEN BALM <f Cattauusi T'ROTHONOTAIIY, JACOB EL'ERLY of Eloamsburg REGISTER & RECORDER; JESSE G.CLAIIK OF EICMNSBURG TREASURER, SAMUEL CREASY of Mifflin. COMMISSIONER FOR THREE YEARS, ANDREW FUEAS of Centra COMMISSIONER FOR ONE YEAR, ISAIAH JOHN of Cattawissa. AUDITOR, ROBERT il. ARTHUR if Bloomsburg The tiick of tho ljothagogue. (JovKUNon JOHNSTON has issued bin pro clamation declaring how much of tho state debt lifts been paid off under his rcgimo. Tho document comes with flaming capitals aAd over the great seal of the Common wealth, The act ol 1849, which was con. coctcd by Governor Johnston, has fixed tho diiigg so that this proclamation shall make its appearance just six ivecks before tho o lectioo, and shall como from tho Governor, instead of emanating as such document na •tarally should from the finaneial officers of the state, at tho end of the fiscal year. It comes to the people instead of going to tho legislature as other such documents do. The Auditor General and State Treasurer mako annual reports of tho elate finances, and why should not they include in such re poits the subject of llio sinking fund ? They nro by tho statute Commissioners of ibis 'fund, and Connor's proclamation is l imply based upon what the Commissioners of the Sinking Fund repoit to him thai the people have done. The amount of stato debt paid depends just upon tho piomptncss with which tho citizens pay their taxes and vthe amount of such taxes laid. The legis lature lay these taxes, the Auditor General keeps account of them and tho State Treas urer receives and disburses them. These departments of the Government aro Demo cratie, and every attempt of Governor John ston to make political capital for himself out of this tratisation is simply the trick of a demagogue. . CSIUXOR HLITZ. THE magician did not gel to our place on last Saturday as was first oxpectcd, but on Monday afternoon and evening Ilia en tertained and pleased our fun loving burgled to their hearts' content. 110 promises to be ! along this way again, so lot ull who wialgfhe | M'riuklcs taken out of their fuoes get their 'erters" ready, A MERITED COMPLIMENT. — The I'd}nsylotl man of a Into date pays tho follow ing well merited eorr.plimeut to our townsman, Mnl Buckalcw : '• The True rctiniyhhjnia 'lone. —Wo giro a portion of tho mnsiarly speech of Sena tor BUCKALEW, of Columbia county, made some days ago at liloemshurg, in that coun ty, on tho occasion of Col. UIULEH'* speech, and we earnestly ask uller.tion to it. It w ill bo found an argilmenj worthy o( the repu tation of that promising young Champion of the Bight. A more mascoljne. comprehen sive, and convincing argument, showing llie dtflerence between Johnston uud tjiglef 011 the great question of the day, hus not boeif elicited during tho canvass." PHILADELPHIA NOMINATIONS.— The Deill octatic convention of Philadelphia has nom inated the present Judges of the District t'ouit—Messrs Shuts wood, Kinluy & Stroud —for election. Hon. Joel Jo IUS is nomina ted for President Judgo of tho Common J'lens and Quarter Session? and Vincent D- Bradloid and Juntos p. Johnson for Associ ates. The Whigs of tho City have nominated tlie present State Senator, Hon. IVm, A. Crabb, for ro-eleotion. tST S. S. WtNciiEßTr-.it of tho Wyoming Democrat has boon nominated by the Demo cratic convention of Iris county for mombor of the legislature. One version lias it that tho Judicial conferees nro instructed for Judge Cunyngharo, another says thoy are not. Nicholas Overbold and \V. Stausbury ate nomiuatod lor Associate Judges. MONTOUR UOUNTV. — Tho Whig conven tion of Montour county lu6t week nomina ted John Cooper and Daniel Pollmor for As sociate Judgos, Samuel Schick for Com missioner and Thomas LTnck for Audilq/. THE TICKET. Our readers will 110 doubt wonder how the ticket of last week will bo rccaived in oilier perls of the county and district. .The Berwick Telegraph in speaking of it says— ''lN another column will bo found the names ol tbo persons nominuted as tho can didates for county cilices and also tho Hep resentative for tho district. Wo feel great canto for rejoicing in the judicious selection ol and the union and harmony manifested in the Democratic party, by pla cing in nomination unanimously, a candi date, without particular regard to local ques tion. It is refreshing to think that demo cralscan fuirly meet tho political onemy, and we think that a bettersolection than 11. E. JACKSON Esq., could not have been made for the purposo of uniting and cementing the party. He is well known in tho district arid sustains a reputation that will entitle him to the confidence of all. The ticket is strong and will be elected without n single exception. Ii is not known when the Judicial conferees will meet, but we leel nsured that when they do, they will do their duty, and if they mako a good selection, wo w ill haro as strong a ticket from Governor down as evor was presented to the electors of this county." Dost'a Danville Intelligencer has tho fol lowing urli la upon tho subject of the tick et:— "IVr: this week presonl our readers with |ho lull Democratic Ticket, except I'resMent Judge of* this District, which nomination will not bo made until about tho 20t!i j„gi Jackson, Sproul, Shearer, Yoagor tt nd p u |." tori, are all men of excellent private char acter,—they are all worthy of the confidence thus placed in therm qualified f ot fi lo 6la . lions, sound democrats, and deserving ol tho united and una'.iinous support of the part) which lift. 1 placed them in nomination. Ihoiickcfis a strong one, gives general satisfaction, nru ' catl elected with ease, 'f '.no Democracy of Montour now poll u full ntul solid voto. As to the Assembly man, the Conferees of tho two counties have given liitn a democratic nomination, and as the nomineo of tho party we shall support him iu good faith." nr "HAWKH'S MAGAZINE," for Sept, pre from? a table of contents equally attractive, to say tlto leaST} with that of any protons number. The publishers evidently rely for tho chief interest of their magazine on the excellence and variety of its selections from tho loss e/aboratn portions of current Eng lish literature, including roccrt popular works, as well ns the latest reviews aud magazines. In this department, they ex hibit no small degree of tact and a shrewd knowledge of tho demands of public taste. Such articles as tho "Memories of Mexico," "I'oullailor tho Rubber," "Shots in the Jun gle," "Autobiography of a Sensitive Spirit," and, indeed, as lite selections in this num ber generally, aro always agreeable reading with every class, and ntako tho magazine a pleasant companion for a leisure hour. In addition to these, the original papers aro of Bitcommon interest and value. "Tho Youth of Napoleon," by J. S. C. Abbott, cannot fail to be read with gratification, even by those who aro most familiar with tho career ol the self-crowned Kmptior. Mr. Abbott bus presented the old facts, witlt a rich col oring, and in striking perspective, whioh al most give them tho charm of novelty. "The Treason of Benedict Arnold," by B. J. Los sing, is u graphic relation of ihat datk epi sode in our revolutionary history. The number contains tho usual carefully pre pared "Record of Current Events," arid "Literary Notices," uhilo tho now feature called "The Editor's Drawer," is continued in an improved style, presenting an excel lent melange of anecdote, humor, pathos, and droll reminiscences. Death ot Judge Woodbury. Wc have to day to announce the painful intelligence of tie death of the Hon. Levi Woodbury, Judge of tho Supreme Court of the Unilcd Slates. Tho death of such n man as Judge Woodbury is at any time a public cammily, but at such u crisis as this wo shall deeply feci tho loss of his counsels, and the influence of his character and ex latuplo most seriously. As tin oll'icer of the Government ho was remarkable for the uifa bility of his maimers and his strict atten tion to ull tho duties pertaining to his post. As a judgo, his sound sense, upright and 1444 partial conduct and general suavity endeared him to his brethren of the Bench, and in ul l his relations ho was a man to command the respect and confidence of his fellow man. WANTED.— A green paper brass bag with two fishhooks, and a cents worth of pocket combs tied np in leather lanterns. Also a pair of gausc beUowses in a flannel war* ml.ig pan. The lady with iho "uubu'rn" locks, who on moonlight evenings practices tinging "Casta Diva" with up accompainamen: ol the handspike on a gridiron, writes to ut to send her tho man in llto hluo coat, brass bullous, gtoy pants and sfouchod ha!. Don't ull speak ut oueo. •> ® ■ v Wd notice that I.e Uruml B/aueroft Ksq. of this placo addressed the lulu Whig convention of I.yeoming county in n way that seems te have wonderfully pleased the faithful thero. The Whig Standing Committee of this county have issued a call for a county con vention to be hold at the court-house in '.his place on nuxt Tuesday. THE AMERICAN PHRENOLOUICAL JOURNAL published by l-'owler & Wolls of New York, and tho I Vater Cure Journal by tho same firm are among tho most inteiosting and insuuct ivo publications of theso days. Thoy nro quito up to tho spitit of the age and contain tuoro new things and thoughts than any oilier woik hus ability or courage to give. They are each published monthly, at $1 a year From tlic Ann York Sun.' Gen. Lopez's Lmt Moments. At ihe fatal hour Gen. Lopez was brought out, ami ascended tho platform with a firm step. His person was enveloped in a white shroud. The executioner then removed tho shroud, and thero stoo l the General in his full military uniform before the assembled multitude. His appearanc wm calm digni fied und heroic. Not a muscle quivered. He looked upon the preparations for death un moved, his coiintenunco changed not, and Ins whole bearing was firm and manly. The executioner now removed Ids embroidered coat, bis sash, cravat, and ail the insignia of his military rank, in token of disgrace. Gen. Lopez, with his hands tightly bound together in front, stepped forward, and in a strong, eleßr voice, slowly spoko to those around us follows:— " I pray the perron* who have com promised me, to pardon mo us I pardon them. My death will not change the destinies of Cuba." [Tho exccutionor, standing a little behind, hero interrupted him in an insulting tone, with "C'ome, be quick, be quick "] General Lopez, turning his head partly n round, fixed his ci o on the man, and said sternly, gritting his his teeth, "Wait, Sir." He then continued .— "Adieu, my beloved Cu lm ! Adieu, my Urcthrent" Tho General then stepped back, and seated himself on the stool. A priest with a crucifix and ta per stood on 0110 side of him, tho exocutiia er on tho other. Tho cellar \vas then placed around tbtf pri27,cr's nock. The priest now l>l D C'oi\ tho crucifix between the General's hands, and just as he was in the act of incli ning his head to kiss it, tho executioner swung the fatal scrow, and tho head of tho unfortunate man at tho sumo instant dropped forward, touching tho crucifix. Ho piover moved again. Immediately nfler the oxceution, General Lopez's body was taken down and privately buried. Among tho relatives of General I.opcz in Cuba, are, bis brother-in-law, tho Count of Pozosdutces, o noble of great wealth and high character, Murlumo Frias, widow of a nobleman of wealth, is his sister-in-law. If 0 had other near relatives. They all left town previous to tho execution, unwilling to be near on such nn'occasion. General Lopez was 55 years of ago. Ho has a son 13 years of ago, studying in Switzerland. Ilia wife is in Paris. Tho General was very wealthy, but spent his income as fast as ho received it. In this, and tho previous unfortunate ex peditions, ho lost very largo sums. [Correspondence of the N. Orleans Crescent ] Conduct of Crittenden nnd Kor—Moro executions. # * * " # They died bravely, those gallant and unfortunate young men. When the moment of execution came, Colonel Crittenden nnd C'apt. Victor Kor among thorn refused to kneel with their backs to their ex ecutioners—''No," sattl the chivalrous Crit tenden, "An American kneels only to his God, and always faces his enemy." They stoo l up, faced their executioners, were shot down, nnd their brains then knocked out by clubbed muskets. Other prisoners have been made and exe cuted neat the field, or in tho vicinity of Pa llia llonda—fifteen 011 hoard tho steamer Pi zarra—a good deal of cold blood shed, which will probably givo a not acceptable return to those who have proved tiieir chiv alry in vain ; but who can unflinchingly look the dead man in the face—but not, 1 believe, without the senso of shame. Tho number wo shall know, if the govorrimont choose to publish. The Creoles here are cowards—they have lied fur from their promises. At tho liast, it is said, they maintain thomselves as he roes, and Lopez is not yet defeated. The on'y hope is, that in divided counsels, want of food, &e., ho may fail. Spanish chivalry has been beaten back in overy action at tempted, with great loss, by a handful! of men, Cv~ The Democratic Review for September contains a portrait of Moil. Henry S. Footo lato a United State Senntor and now a can didate for Governor in Mississippi. Among iis most valuable articles are such ns that upon tho "Census." Our Literate#, Fann ing, varieties of tho human raeo, I'ortry by- Mrs. J W. Mereur of Bradford co. Pa., and the well written sketch of the life and char aeter of lion. Piano Soule I'. S. Senator from Louisiana. Tho Review is tho book for tho people. rT The Democratic convention of Brad ford county met lust week and nominated Hon. David Wilmol for President Judgo of that district, arid Messrs. M'Kean and Gibbs, the old members, for tiro legislature again. lion Gordon F. Mason presided at the Convention. fV Tho Boston Banker's Magazine gives a table showing the number, capital and coudi'ion of tho banks in all the States of the Union. Total number of banks, BG3: circulation 5120,505,400; specie $31,446,- 000; capital $230,897,590. New York leads all other Slates, having 152 banks with a circulation of 618,000.000 while New York city bus 28 banks, and $6,400,000 ciroula- Anw.sbufH^PnoN—Returns have been received from all but threo counties in Ar kansas. The result is as follows : Johnson, Southern Bights Democrat 11,687 F.-cston, Union Whig - - 8,733 Johnson's majority - * 2,904 Tho throe counties to bo hoard from will incrouse this majority sever# Hundred. Senatorial and Editorial Rccontrc. —Ex Sen ator Turuey, of Tounessoe, had a rocontro with Mr. White, editor of tho Independent st Winchester of that Slate. Turncy slapped him in the face, and White drew u knife, when Turney hollered. tSC Hon. John M. Berrien, long knoivrt is a distinguished Whig and U. S. Senator from Georgia, has renounced allegiance to his old party, it is staled. Pi-nmihe Public Ledger. The Crime *ol' Voung "I'linronti " The exocution of young "Pharoah," at the early age of 20, for tlie crime of murdering a young woman, for tho sake of her gold watch, ought to fnrimli a lesson for the im proved education of the young, nnd their employment in useful industry, that will place them above tho temptations of idle ness, povorjy orjvant. Stephen Girard left bis of seven millions of dollurs chiefly to secure to orphan youth a sound moral education, and the means of fu ture independence, by ' binding them out to a trade." Statesmen, sages and philanTliro pists, in all ages, have labored to provide poor youth With the means of subsistence through honest industry, and giving them a control over their passions, by wise and proper moral instruction in early life. In his letter to his mother, just previous to his ex ecution, Tharoah expressed his sorrow that he did not go back to bis employer, and 'stay his timo outfrom which wo may in fer, that ho thought such a courso of con duct would have saved him from this revolt ing crimo. Leaving his employer, and "re fusing to return," when advised to do so by (lis mother, were tho obvious causes tliu' plunged hint into guilt; for tho old saying lias been fuliy verified in his ease, that the "Devil is always whispering mischief in the ears of the Kile." Tho condit ion of life be ing labor, useful occupation cuts off all temptation to wear ont tho timo by tho grat ification of tho bad passions ; and as he who is idle must necossarily become poor robbery and inurdor slalk in to entice the wretch to his perdition. His words to his father could perhaps be truly uttered by ma ny who now tread on the dizzy precipice of crime. "Father! you know yon have not acted a good part towards me ; you have never afforded mo a good example In follow, and permitted mo to grow up in ignorance uiul vice ! What words arc theso to bo ad dressed to a father, by a 6011 standing under the gibbet I But, ,if that father neglected lii 3 duty, that nogloct was no apology or jus tification for tho crime of tho son. This fal lacy is becoming too common. Parents can not be too severely reproved for the ncglec l of their children's minds and morals ; but murderers cannot bring thoir crimes homo to their parents. No man is so ignorant as not to know the devilish turpitude of murder. Wo want moro caro, liowover, over tho minds and morals of children, and loss anx iety to pamper their appetites, and gratify their passions. Moral education cannot be gin too soon, nor habits of industry, as a means of living, bo too early and 100 assid uously implanted in their characters CENIOT'S FACTS FBPM THE CENSUS.—A writer in one of tho New York religious pa pers is comparing tho census returns in re gard to tho prevalence of insanity, between the whites and the blacks, and tho rolative proportion. Tho facts adduced show that in sanity is greater among the free blacks. In tho Stato of Maine every fourteenth colored person is an idiot or a lunatic. And though there is a g adual improvement in the con. ilitii-pGrf il.u --loro.l r.ieo us WO piocded west and south, ylt it is evident that tho ftoo States are lite principal abodes ol idiocy and iunacy among llietn, In Ohio tljere aro just ten colored persons who are idiots or lu natics, where there is ono in Kentucky. And in Louisiana, where a largo majority of tho population is colored, and four-fifths of thorn are slaves, there is but one of those unfor tunates to 4309, who aro sane. Tho propor tions in other States, according to tho census of 1840, are as follows : in Massachusetts 1 in 43: Connecticut 1 in 185; New York I 257 , Pennsylvania 1 in 250 ; Maryland 1 in 1074; Virginia 1 in 1309 ; North Carolina 1 in 1215 ; South Carolina 1 in 2140; Ohio 1 ill 105 : Kentucky lin 1053. This is cer tainly a very curious calculation, and indi cates thai diseases of tho brain aro far more rare among the slaves than atnoug tho free of the colored race. The Democratic County Convention of Berks has nominated tho following tickot.- President Judge, J. l'ringlo Jones , Associate: William Huidedrcich; Assembly, Georgo Denglot, Isaac Yost, John C. Evans, Jacob Reifsnydor, Protbonotary, Charles H. Hun ter; Register, Jucob Seell ; Recorder, John Bush; Clerk of Orphans' Court, Charles J. Wink; Quarter Sessions, 11. Maurer; County Treasurer, Win Krinentrout; Coun ty Commissioner. John McGowan ; Director of Poor, Win. Arnold; Auditor, Daniel Lavicks. Tlio following resolution was unan imously laid on tho table : I nsolved, That our Delegates to the 4th of March Convention bo instructed to use ull honorable lucaus to advance the claims of the lion. James Buchanan, as the nomi nee of llio Democratic party of Pennsylva nia for the Presidency. An important Change.— Ainoug tho pro ceedings of the late democratic convention of tho District of tho Northern Liberties, Philade! ilia, wo note a new leature, making an important ehango in the manner of se lecting candidutos for llio parly. Tiro dem ocrats of tho district, instead of granting power to delegates at a primary election to meet in convention, to nomiiiulo candidates, voto directly themselves for the candidates of their choice; and they who liavo a ma jority of tho popular voto, are to bo declared duly nominated. This throws the power directly back into tho hands of tho people, (lie sovreign source of all power. This sys tem has been successfully tued in many places, anil wo note thatoemoeruls of Lycoming and have taken the matter into couvi-Jfranon. Wo suggest the subject to the cons||lo#tion of tho dotn- GCLGS of Schuylkill Register. letter published in tho New Or lcan#BMtu shows that the design of wres tihfg %ba liom Spain was enletlainod in EiigTjiuMfnore than two hundred years ago, by John Pym, tho leader of his party in the House of Commons duting the most interesting pctiod of English lerv Ilon.Jumes Campbell. What was eaid of him, his talents, and legal attainments, by influential Whig Jour-1 nals, before ho had nine year# experience on the Bench. From the Pennsylvania Enquirer, Saturday Sluy 25, 183D-.-1 leading Editorinl. THE DVOTT CABE. Tho addresses of tho Counsel in this case of all übsorbing public interest, commenced yesterday. James Campbell Esq., being tho Junior counsel, opened in a speech which lasted upwards of tlireo hours, and without the usual indulgence for perpara tion being extonded to him. We but ex press the universal sense of the numorons auditory in pronouncing this forensic effort of Mr. Campbell ono ,of the happiest and ablest that lias ever been listened to in our criminal sessions. The young orator commenced with the beginning of Dr. Dyott's career as a banker, and truced the liueamcnts of his portrait with a master band, following liirn through his dark and tortuous course, up to the hour of his arraignment at tho bar for fraudulent insolvency. The method, the earnest and impressive munnor, the analytical ability and familiarity with tho laws and fuels of the clfto, evinced by Mr. Campbell, be spoke the talents which must elevate their possessor to an enviable rank iu bis profes sion, and surprised all whoso [attention bad not been previously attracted to tho unassu ming cureer of this youthful advocate. Too much credit we think, cannot bo a wurJcd to this gentlemen and bis colleague for the patient and indefatigable industry, the tact and talent which they have dis played in the conduct of the prosecution. Bo sensible wore tho able counsel of tho ac cused, of tho impression made upon the Court and Jury, by tho powerful apifbal of Mr. Campbell, that Joseph 11. Ingcrsol), Esq., asked permission to occupy the interme diate time until Monday noxt preparing his reply. This was granted by tho Court. From "The World" of July Ist 1839— Editor, Russell Jin vis, Esq. "JAMES CAMPBELL, Esq.—Groat credit is duo to this gentleman for the zeal, activity, persoverenco and professional talent exhib ited by him as a Junior counsel in the late examinations of Dyott, Kid way and Mann- It is gratifying to behold early iudieations of professional tulent, and wo always feel pleasure in recording J^em. From the Pennsylvania Inquirer, of March 18-12, when Mr. Campbell was appoint d to the llcnch. "James Campbell, Esq., it will bo per ceived, has been nominated to the Senate as Jie successor of Judge Randall, on the Bench of Common Pleas. Although politi cally opposed to him, wo cheerfully accord him the high merit of honest y and capacity, and trust he will bo confirmed by a liberal vote." Hover's Writing Ink. "Wo are opposed to all kinds of 'Puffing,' in the figurative senso of the term. Wheth er in tho notice of a book, or anything else we have a repugnance to givo it a fulsome adulation, or to recommend it in any way at all, utrless wo honestly bolievo it worthy of i favour "We have again furnishod ourselves with a keg of Hover's Black Writing Ink, and when we say that this is not the first or tho second keg that has boon procured from Mr. Hover, tho article may be considered as be ing endorsed 'good' by us, otberwiso wo should not liavo continued its use for these six or seven years past. Others may have their preferences in favor of different manu factures, and wo aro quite willing that they enjoy thoso preferences (save anJ except those of our correspondents, who sometimes impose that loathsome Blue stuff upon tis, which is not fit to bo used); for our own part, wo continue the Manufacture of Mr. Hover, whoso ink is not only clear and black, but doos not clog nnd conglomerate our pon, as somo ollicrwiso good inks do." —German Reformed Messenger, Chambcrsburg, Pa. I.uzcnNE COUNTY WHIG NOMINATIONS Tho Whigs of Luzerne have nominated tho folllowing ticket: Assembly, Davis Alton, rillston, John T. Davis, Ncscopeck ; Associate Judges, Chas, Lano, Wilkosbarro borough ; Lewis S. Wa ters Biakoly Township; Treasurer, S. D. I.owis, Wilkcsbarre Borough ; Register and Recorder, John B. Mills, Wilkosbarro Bor ough; County Commissioner, John Rice, Kingston ; Auditor, 11. N. Hall, Exeter. Tin CATTAWISSA RAILROAD.—Tho work of this road is progressing, under tho supervis ion of Richard Osborne, Esq., Chief Engi neer. The grading, in all probability, will be so far completed this Full, as to enable tlicm to put down a portion of tho track and undoubtedly tho wholo road will ho comple ted in u year from the present time. WLLLIAMSFORT AND ELMIIIA RAILROAD.— Mr. Guilder, the Contractor, is now in town, and has issued proposals for crossties for re laying twenty-fivo tniles of the Wiiliamsport and Elmira Railroad ; also, proposals for tho grading and masonry of about four miles of tho road north of Ralston. This certainly looks as if tho railroad folks wero in earn est. SIDE-WALKS.—Judgo Pearson said, in tho Dauphin county, Pa., Court, last week, that no person was allowed to stand on t/ro pave ments or side-wulks, or at tho corners of streots ; and that when requested by the owners or occupants to loave, if they do not comply, they have tho right to drive them off, or, as tho jndgo said, "kick them oil'.' Side-walk loungers have thereloro fair warn lug to bo upon their guarrd. AN ADVERTISEMENT—"If that gentleman J who keops a shoe store with a read head will return the umbrella which ho borrowed of a young lady with an ivory handle, he will heal of something to bei advantage '' Federal Maxims. As well might a blacksmith attempt to 'mend a watch as a farmer lei legislate. What mischiefs are suro lo bo enacted when a man, born to nothing but the plough tail, take 3 to legislating.— llustun Courier, a Whig paper. It would seem, therefore, to bo the part of wisdom to louml government on property.— Daniel Webster. Thp Representative should not be palsied by the will of his constituents — John Q. Ad ams. Free sutfrago is a curse lo any people.— Providence Journal, a Whig paper. The time for reasoning has gone by, and it is not by argument, but by sufferings, that conviction must bo forced upon the minds of the people.— National Gazette, a Whig paper. If tho appeals that may be made to tho virtue, morality and iuYelligeuce of the peo ple cannot prevail, money can be used, and tha' will obtiin votes and favor whore all other arts and npplinncos are found abortive —Ricknell's Reporter, a ll'Aig paper. It is tho dictate of benevolence and hu manity to sell poor mon ut Sheriff's sale, in. to involuntary servitude, until ho earns mon ey enough to pay tho fino imposed by Iho court. — Elisha Whitslesy, a Whig Congress man from Ohio. Bad as was tho character of Aaron Burr, his election in prefcrenco to Mr. Jefferson would have been a blessing to the country. —N. Y. Commercial Advertiser, a Whig pa per. Wo desire our republican fellow citizens to remerabor tho fact that tho present politic cal party, which is organized under Iho name of "Whig," is in body and soul tho same which, heretofore was known as the FEDKRAL PARTY", and which, during the "nEia.x OF TEiiKott," perpetrated tho most utrocious cxccssos and violations of law '• and the samo party which noted upon and carried out tho principles avowed in the foregoing maxims, uttered by various mom bers of that parly. Wo ask them also to bear iu mind that every living individual) and every paper whoso expressions or opin ions have been quoted, are now nltachod to Iho car of modern Whiggory, laboring with renewed zeal in support of their old Federal creed, and iu opposition to Democratic prin ciples und tho nominees of the Democratic | party. Win. F. Joliustou. Of all tho public men of this State, wo nro aware of none whoso courso has been characterized by a greater want of consis tency and honest principles than this indi vidual. Ho once was a ono teim man. Now he begs office for a second term. Ho onco was a Democrat. Now he is a federal Whig of tho most reckless character 11c onco advocated a faithful execution of the National Constitution, by "a summary | remedy," in reference to fugitives from la- I bor. Now ho repudiates all thai ho then said. | Ho was largely instrumental in -fastening lan enormous debt upon tho Slate. Now he j would like to avuid the responsibility of that i dobt, by attempting to fasten it upon others. I lie at ono time professes to bo for tho j Bank reform and a sound currency—and nt I another ho is tho advocate of an issue ef | ehinplasters.— Chester County Democrat. Puedesttnation. —A correspondent asks I Fowler, tho Phrenologist, somo knotty ques tions, and lie replies : ''The "hair you oan't split' has troubled metaphysical speculators for conturios; namely, to harmonize tho ere" ative and overruling government of God with tho free agency of man. You ask how '< the cre.aturo can be blamed for acting out ; the character which tho Creator has given hint. Read tho parable of tho talents in the \ New Testament Each received according to his several ability, and tho responsibility of each was according to his ability, and the ability fo use and ocoupy, and no greater. .Men have different capacities nod taloirts; and are responsible or.ly for the right use of what they havo; and one can fulfil tho re quirements of a just and merciful creator just as oasilj as another, inasmuch as he holds them accountable no farther tLan their ability to obey extends." Ghetna Guken von Virginia Lovers. — Frederick county, says the Frederick (Md.) Herald, is a famous place of resort for Vir ' ghtia swains and their sweet lassios, who do. sire tho silken knot to bo tied. In this case, thoy fly, not from tho cruelty of paronts, but from tho moro cruel law which requires the intended husband to give security against becoming a county charge. Onr State de rives a handsome revenue from the issue of licenses in such cases, as the parties would rather pay the license than give tho required security, that thoy will always bo able to provido bread and butter for the children. The Election in Mississippi. —Tito elec tion in Mississippi for members of tho State Convontion, authorized by the lata Legisla ture and summoned by Gon. Quitman, to de viso methods of resistance to tho compro mise measures, has taken place, and tho re sult appears to bo an overwhelming majority for tho Union candidates. Tnis is the first aud most direct trial of the voico of the peo ple on tho secession anil other issues, which havo been discussed so vehemently. In Iho election of Governor, which does not come 011 until Novombor, there are other points in volved which will ufiect tho popnlar veto for tho opposing candidates; hut Quitman's chauce ot success appears rather cloudy. Tom Smith took a pig lo Boston mar kot, aud getting into a row was obliged to cut sticks for homo. Arriving out of breath his neighbor asked him how ho mode ouj with his pig. ''Middling," said Tom ; "only middling t J just cleared myself." RT The first newspaper published in Vir ginia was issued from Williamsburg, and 1 sent lo subscribers weekly for fifty dollars a ! year. Advcrtisentenla wore inserted for sub- i scribors for leu dollars the flrst week all ! sav | en the -ct'.oi.l | Execution of I.opez Confirmed !! I New ORLEANS, Sept. 4.—By tho Cheroksd we have Havana advices lo September Ist. Passengers by her report having witness ed the execution of Lopez at Havana. His force had been oonfpletely disporscd, and lie was finally le f t to wander about in the mountains, where he was pursued by blood-hounds and finally captured. Ha is said to havo met his fate manfully. Ilis last words wero "ADIEU, DEAR CUTS !" A groat crowd witnessed tho execution. Gen. Pragay, tho Hungarian officer, had been killed at I.asPogas. Of tho forco taken by Lopez lo Cuba, 550 had been shot. 430 wero in prison. Tho remnant of bis band, some 30 in number, had fled to the mountains. Previous the death of I.opez, ho declared that ho had been greatly DECEIVED, in regard to the promised aid in Cuba. A meeting of passengers was held on board tho steamer Cherokoo, at which Cen. Lane, of Oregon, presided, and the follow ing resolutions wero unanimously adopted : "Resolved, Thai Mr. Owen, tho Ameri can Consul at Havana, has forfuitod every right and title to be regarded as an Ameri can oitizon. "That ho has outraged ovory sentiment of humanity and deserves the eaecration of ev ery friond of Liberty." Another resolution requests his recall by tho American Government. Who Is 1111 l Illglor. Tho one idea party havo already fallen into tho track in which they traveled in 18- 44, and havo commenced during the ques tion—who is Bill Bigler? as if he was un known to faino or to tho universal Whig party. Wo can tell them who ho is. Ho was a printer boy, like Dr. Franklin. Ha is like Dr. Franklin, a working man—a "com mon man " Ho is a raf'.sman oil the Susque hanna river, who has earned his broad by the sweat of his brow; who has stored his iutolloct with useful, acientiflo and practical knowledge; knows tho wants and condi tions ol his native State, and offers his hnnd and his heart to save her; who has done more than any other man now in public ser vice to e.\t ic :ta her from tho quagmire ot repudiation, into which tho Federal party had well nigh plunged her, and whom the people remember and will reward with the highest honors they havo to confer. We respond to tho remarks ol tho Clear field Republican; "We like to hear such questions asked It reminds its very distinctly of a fo.mer woll remembered victory, tko timo when tho question was nsked, with a very peculiar graco, "taho ii James K. PvlkV' —but it was not long until tho people of the Union intro duced him to the affairs of tho nation—and to tho world, too, in a mauncr that very speedily romovo nil ignoruueo, and it will bo but a few months until the people of Penn sylvania will lake a similar liburty with this uuknown "Printer boy." VJF Tho following singular advertisement appears in an English papor: ' Wanted by a young lady, aged, it), nt i pleasing counlonance, good figure, agreeable manners, general information and various accomplishments, who has studied everv thing, from creation to a crotchot, a situa tion in tho family of a gentleman. Sho wilt set at tho hoad of his table, inanago his household, scold his sprvanls, nurse his ba bies (when thoy arrive,) cheek his trades man's bills, accompany him to the thoatro, or in walking or riding, cut the leaves of his new books, sew on his buttons, warm his. slippers, and generally muko his miserable life happy. Apply, in tho first place, by let tor to Louisa Caroline, Linden Grove, atjd afterwards to papa, upon tho promises. N. B. The wedding finger is size No. f (small.) No Irish need apply. The Religion of Paying Debts. Otto of our religious exchanges has tho following strong remarks on this subject. They drive the nail in the head and clinch it: "Men ntay sophisticate as ploaso. They can never mako it right, and all tho Imhkrupt laws in the universe cannot mako it right for them not to pay iboir debts. There is a sin in this negloct as clear and as deserving church discipline as in stealing or fulso swearing. He who violates his prov iso to pay, or withholds the payment of a dobt when it is in his power to moot his en gagement, ought to bo made to feol that in tho sight of all hon.-st men he is a swindlor. Religion may bo a very comfortable cloak under which to hide; but if religion does not mako a man 'deal justly,' it is not worth having." Or Wo are sorry to learn of a horrible accident which happonod ou lust Tuesday. X son of John Foustorinaohors, of llollen back Township, whilst riding upon a wagon with an oxo upon his shoulder, the handle | uf which accidentally caught in tho wheel bringing tho blade of tho axo in contact with his neck, inflicting a wound several laches in length, sovcring (he carotid artery entire ly, literally cutting his throat, hut by tho timely assistance of Dr. Brnss, who sgcccc.. dod in nrr-s irg tho hemorrhage hy taking up and tying tho carotid artery. Ho is now doing well.— Berwick Telegraph. L"iT Tho President, since his return from his three months' summor trip, is induionsly employed in attending to public business.— Although ho has been at Washington but about ter. days, he has already romoved the Collector of Now Orleans for being absent four days from his duties. tir " The North American Miscellany," for September, commences a now series, and is hereafior to bo published in monthly parts. It presents a great variety of agreeable se lections, with appropriate editorial items. A Palmer & Co., New York. I.IDERTV 01' TUB PHF.SS IN FRANCE.—Tho prison of the Conciorgories contains at pres sent two editors of Presse, three of the Eaencment, one of lite People, and two of tho Messenger del' Asetmbiec. One of the edi tors of the' S.et'e will soon pin them,