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The star of the north. [volume] (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1849-1866, September 25, 1851, Image 2

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STAR OF THE NORTH.
R. W. WEAVER, EDITOR.
Bloom* barf, Thursday, Sept 25, 1851.
DEMOCRATIC NOMINATIONS.
FOR GOVERNOR,
WM. BIGLER.
FOR CANAL COMMISSIONER,
S'ETH CLOVER.
FOR THE SUPREME BENCH.
JOHN B. GIBSON, of Cumberland,
ELLIS LEWIS, of Lancaster,
JEREMIAH 8. BLACK, of Somerset,
WALTER 11. LOWRIE, of Allegheny,
JAMES CAMPBELL, of Philadelphia.
O @ TIT EF IP "2" SPHCSIS IS^O
FOR REPRESENTATIVE,
M. E. JACKSON ESQ., of Berwick.
FOR PRESIDENT JUDGE,
JOHN N. (ONYNGIIAM, of Luzernt.
ASSOCIATE JUDGES,
J,. B. RUPERT of Bloomslmrg,
STEPHEN BALDY of Callawissa.
PROTHONOTARY,
JACOB EYERLY of Bloomsburg.
REGISTER & RECORDER.
JESSE G. CLARK C f Bloomsburg.
TREASURER,
SAMUEL CREASY of Mifflin.
COMMISSIONER FOR THREE YEARS,
ANDREW FREASO/ Centre.
COMMISSIONER FOR ONE YEAR,
ISAIAH JOHN of Cnltuwissa.
AUDITOR,
ROBERT B. ARTHUR of Bloomsburg
IION. J. N. CONYNGHAM.
The nomination of this experienced ju
rist and estimable man, for President Judge
of this judicial district is received] so far as
we can learn, with general satisfaction. His
■nomination and elejtion will shew tire sal
utary character of the amendment to the
constitution, by whioh judges are rendered
elective, and put within reach of the popu
lar voice. Judge C., alter a long and pros
perous career at the bar, accepted an apj
pointment as Judge, anil served as such for
ten years, in a district of great labor and
responsibility. His term expiring after
Johnston became Governor, ho was not re
appointed ; an oversight upon the part of the
Executive, which the peopld now propose
to correct.
We have not learned that any candidate
will be put forward against Judge Conyng
ham by the Whigs ; but it is of no impor
tance whetner an opposition is attempted or
not. The result is as certain as it will be
satisfactory, whatever course may be adop
ted by the opposite parly.
RY WE INVITE attention to tho state
ment of Rev. Mr. Gorsuch, (son of the gen
tleman lately killed in the negro riot in Lan
caster county,) which we have copied into
this number of our paper, from the Balti
more Sun. It is the most intelligible and
satisfactory account of the transaction which
we have seen, and will repay a perusal The
negroes and abolitionists have put the laws
at defiance arid murdered an estimable citi
zen of a eister State. The manner in which
this was done is shewn by Mr. Gorsuch, and
it illustrates the results that flow from Aboli
tionism, and front the "aid and comfort''
given it by corrupt and unscrupulous politi
cians like William F. Johnston.
We also invite attention to Mr. Gorsuch's
letterto Governor Johnston, on the same
subject. It is a stinging but just review of
the conduct of the Governor, and strips him
of all justification or excuse in relation to
the Christiana IragedyJ Mr. Gorsuch is a
highly respected minister of the Methodist
Epiqpopal Church, and resides In Washing
on City.
ry BY the withdrawal of Mr. FOBTNER
the field is left open for a distinct issue be
tween Mr. JACKSON as tho Democratic can
didate for Representative, and Mr. Haj man
as the Whig candidate. We omitted to
state, last week, that Mr. Cook the editor of
•the Danville Democrat, and John L. Watson,
nlso of Danville, were the Conlerees horn
Montour county, who assisted in tho nomi
nation of Mr. Hay man, as the Whig candi
date. This man Watson was a borer at
'Harrisburg last winter and acted we believe
as treasurer in the enmpaign there conducted.
'But, it appears he has leisure now for other
pursuits, and has turned his hand to fixing
out Whig nominations for the people. If
there are any fundi to be disbursed during
The campaign, he will be procisely the man
for the business!
w#" The time for holding the Stale Agri
cultural Fait, at Harrisbuig, has been chan
ged to the 29th, 30th and 31st days of Octo
ber, so as not to conflict with the holding of
the Maryland Slate Agricultural Fair.
BP* An article of some length on the sub
ject of the county nominations is crowded
out this week, but will appear in our next
number.
The late Democratic county convention of
Luzerne choose Col. H. B. Wright and Dan
iel Rankin Representative delegates to the
next state convention and Gen. Wm.S. Ross
Senatorial delegate. A resolution to instruct
for Cass was laid on the table by 45 to 4.
tW Col. Forney of the Penntylvanian of*
fen one half of that establish meat for sale.
J. XT. COSILY.
This gentleman, with whom most of
our readers are acquainted, having been
nominated by the Johns ton party qp ore
of their candidates for Judge's of llfi Su
preme Court ; it is proper to iitouije into
his claims for support. It should be suffi
cient with Democrats to know
nominated by the Federal or Whig parly,
and that his success would be a political
triumph to the party, presenting him as a
candidate—Besides the Democratic State
ticket forjudges of the Supieme Court, is
a good one and worthy of support through
out, and the Democrat who would cut a
single one of the candidates upon it, would
commit nn act" of injustice and wrong to
such candidate, as well as to the Democrat,
ic party.
Our readers will remember, that less than
a year ago, a largo moa ting was held at
Danvi He on the subject of the Compro
mise measurers of Congress, at which res
olutions were passed hostile to our state
act of 1817. on the subject of fugitive
slaves, and instructing Mr. Buckalew and
Mr. M'Reynolds, our members in'tffe Leg-
I islature, to vote for its repeal—on that oc
casion Mn. Comly objected to those reso
lutions and spoke against them, defending
the scandalous act of 1847 from the just at
tack made upon it in the Rosolu lions. Tho
Resolutions were passtd in spite of his ob
jection and were just, expedient and time
ly; but Ma. C., succeeded in "defining his
position," and furnished a clear warning to
the people against voting for him for the
office for which he has bten named.
The men whom the people elevale 'to
the bench of the Supreme Court, ought to
be entirely free from abolition views or
sympathies, especially at this juncture when
the welfare and peace of the country de
pend upon the maintenance of sound cnn
s'.itutioml doctrines on the dangerous sub
ject of slavery. Tho act of 18-17, (a bill
to repeal the'' sixth section of which, Gov.
Johnston holds in his pocket,) has been
pronounced unconstitutional by Judge Grier
and others of the first judicial minds in the
country, and it is besides of a most mis
chievous and indefensible character. As
Mr. Comly thinks differently, it will be ex
pedient to let him remain at the bar, where
his sentiments can do little injury, instead
of placing him in a position where they
may do much.
But, we need not enlarge upon these or
other considerations ; as enough has been
stated for our present purpose, which was to
show, that solid reasons existed, arising
1 from tho position and opinions of Mr. Com-
I ly> why he should not bo supported as a
i candidate.
OUR TARLE.
THE PICTORIAL DRAWING ROOM COMPANION,
—Judging from the late improvements in
this attractive, publication, 4t is to
occupy the same position' in Newt-York, that
The Illustrated News, occupies in London
while its cheapness should give it at least an
equal circulation. The number for the pres
ent week contains no less than nine promi
nent engravings, nearly all illustrative of
national or local subjects. Among these we
may ndmerale. a beautiful portrait of the
pioneer steamer of the Boston nnd Liver
pool line, the S. S. Lewis; a graphic sketch
of the lute brilliant regatta at Marble-head ;
a view of the late awful military execution
at Havana, from drawings made on the spot;
| a likeness of* Mr. Collins the founder of
American Ocean Steam Navigation; a per
spective view of the interior of the Crystal
Palace; and other illustrations of immediate
interest. The literary portion of the num
ber, is as fresh, piquant, and varied as the
pictorial department. The price is, however
the most striking feature of the publication.
Think of sixteen folio pages, on fine paper,
with a port-folio of engravings for SIXPENCE !
and the office is at No. 151 Nassau-st, New-
York. •
SARTAIN'S MAGAZINE for October has been
received. It is a good number, whether
considered in respect to the embellishments
or the reading matter. "The Red and White
Rose," (a line engraving.) "The Burial of
j De Soto in the Mississippi, (a mezzotint,)
besides a number of excellent wood engra
vings, adorn it, while gems from the pens of
our best writers sparkle through every page.
Published by John Sarlain & Co., Philadel
phia.
HIT 'EM AGAIN —A few evenings ago a
Union Consolidation meeting was held at
Philadelphia, which nominated Col. John
Swift for Mayor. David Puul Brown Esq.,
made a speech in the course of which he
said ;
"I defy anybody to tell me what a Demo
cratic Whig means. 1 will give a premium
to any one who can inform me. 1 am a
Federalist, and there is such a thing as a
Democrat, but a Democrotio Whig is be
tween a horse and an ass, partakingof the
qualities of both."
"Col. Swift was next loudly called for.
When he showed himself on the stand, he
was loudly cheered. He declared himself a
Whig, true to the core, and said, that the
great Whig party had been managed for the
last thirloen years by a clique of seventeen
men, who were known as the tax collectors
of this city. He said they made all the nom
inations at Sligman's Hotel, and then called
upon the officials to ratify them."
W A grand Ploughing match to be con
fined to plowmen of Lancaster county, Pa.,
and ploughs manufactured within tho limits
of the county, is to be held in the immediate
vicinity of Lancaster city, on Monday, Sept.
29. The following are the premiums offer
ed for competition :—For the best plowman
840, 2d best do., 830; 3d do., 820 ; 4th do.,
810 ; 6th do., 85; for the best plough, 810;
2d best do., $5.
''Go it while you are 'old."—ln Concord,
Ky , Joseph Moore, aged 78, wan married to
Mrs. Mary Tolan, aged 84 years. The ser
vices were performed by a magistrate aged
72. |
DEMOCRATIC JUDICIAL CONFER
ENCE.
Pursuant to their election, the confereess
of the several counties comprising the
i Eleventh Judicial District of Pennsylvania,
convened at Wilkes-Barre, at the house of
O. S. Knapp, on Saturday the 20th of Sep
tember, 1851, when on motion, Hon. ZIBA
BENNETT, of Luzerne, was called to the
chair, and M. E. Jackson, of Columbia, was
chosen Secretary.
After which the Conferees of the respec
tive counties produced their credentials, and
were admitted to [seats in the Convention,
viz:—
WYOMING— Dr. James Kelly, and William
M'Kunc, Esq.
LUZERNE— Dr. A. Bedford and Hon. Ziba
Bennett.
COLUMBIA— CoI. Levi L. Tale, and M. E.
Jackson, Esq.
MONTOUR— CoI. V. Best, and Joseph Dean
Esq.
On motion the Conferees proceeded to
nominate a caryliJate for President Judge.
When Dr. A. Bedford, seconded by Levi
L. Tate, nominated JOHN N. CONYNG
HAM, and on motion of Col. Best, the
nominations closed.
The Conferees then proceeded to vote,
when JOHN N. CONVNGIIAM was unanimous
ly nominated as the Democratic candidate
for president Judge of this Judicial District.
On motion of Col. Tate, seconded by Dr.
Kelly, the following Preamble and Resolu
tions were offered and unanimously adop.
ted.
Whereas, In pursuance of the recently a
dopted amendment'of the constitution, it is
made the high prerogative of the electors of
Pennsylvania, to choose by ballot, for the
first lime the highest Judicial Officers in
their respective Districts to preside over the
courts of justice, for the term cf ten years ;
it is a matter of the utmost moment, alike
to ourselves and our fellow-citizens whom
we have the honor here to represent, thaf
our action be governed by prudence and
mature deliberation. The proper adminis
tration of the laws of Ike government under
which we live, is a subject of abiding in •
terest to every citizen, amenable to its pen
alties or desiring its protection. Past expe
rience has clearly demonstrated that our
lives, our liberty, and our property, each in
their turn, require the sedulous protection of
the upright and the learned to guard them
against the aggression and opprossion of the
designing and unscrupulous. Therefore,
Resolved, That the high legal attainments,
unspotted moral reputation, and known ac
quirements of Hon. JOHN N. CONYNG
HAM, eminently entitle him to our confi
dence, and fully qualify him for the distin
guished station ol President Judge of the
Eleventh Judicial District of Pennsylvania.
Resolved, That we cordially recommend
Judge Conyngham as the nominee of this
Confercnco, to the united suffrage of every
voter within the Counties of Columbia, Lu;
Montour and Wyoming. t
On motion, •
Resolved, That the proceedings of the Con.
ferenee be signed by the officers, and pub
lished in the newspapers of this District, and
that the Convention do now adjourn.
ZIBA BENNETT, Prest.
Attest—M. E. JACKSON, Secy.
Difficulty between Gen. Wool and Col.
Webb,
ROCHESTER, Sept. 20, 1851. —The rumor all
over the city aboiit the Iracas on Thursday
afternoon, between Col. Webb and .General
Wool is, that during the day, Gen. Wool as
serted his right to review the troops, as ta
king precedence of the Governor, who is
only Captain General of the militia. The
claim was not admitted, as it was. lhe"mili
tia that wore to be reviewed. Gen. Wool,
however, ngrccd to go to the ground, and it
was arranged that he should have a place in
the Governor's carrige. In the samo car
riage were Col. Bruce "and Col. Webb, as
aids of the Governor. The Governor, obser
ving that Gen. Wool end Col. Webb were
not speaking, proposed to introduce them.
Gen. Wool said he did not know Col. Webb
and did not want to know him. There was
thensome illusion to a certain article in the
Courier and Euquirer, in which some re
flections were made upon the generalship
of Woof. Col. Webb, in justificntion of
himself, said he a letter from the lato
Gen. Taylor, in which he said that if Gen.
Wool's advice had been followed, the de
cisive battle of Buoua Vista would have
lost. General Wool said it was false;
Cd. Webb said lie would prove it by pub
lishing the letter. General Wool dared him
to do so. What further occurred deponent
sailh not; but the foregoing is in everybo
dy's mouth.
It appears there has been a bad feeling
between Wool and Webb ever since they
were in the army together.
The Difference.
When the Whiskey Insurrection broke out
in western Pennsylvania, although not a
single life was lost, and the only offence
committed was a refusal to pay the United
States tax on whiskey, Cov. M. Kean took
the field in person, under the direction of
Gen. Washington, to compell an obedience to
Ike laws ; but at this day when a rebellion
against the laws of the United States breaks
out, and several men are murdered, Governor
Johnston keeps on his way making stump
speeches, telling bis friends he owes these
laws no allegiance, and that they ought to be
repealed.
STATE AGRICULTURAL FAIR—CHANGE or
DAYS. —The Pennsylvania and Maryland
State Agricultural Societies having acciden
tally fixed upon the same days for their an
nual Exhibitions, the Executive Committee
of the Pennsylvania Society met here last
week and agreed to change the titne for our
Stale Exhibition to the 29th, 30th and 31st of
October. This arrangement will afford the
Farmers of Maryland and Pennsylvania an
opportunity to attend both Fairs.
W Act of Necessity.—Unbuttoning a
dandy's waietcoa} to pick up his cane.
History ol the Christiana Tragedy, by one
of Mr. Uorsuch'e Sons.
The following history of the tragedy at
Christiana has been published in the Balti
more Sun, by a son of the murdered indi
vidual, Mr. Gorsoch. The writer is a cler
gyman, and he wont immediately to the
spot, on learning the facts of the outrage:—
Messrs. Editors:—Having seen various
and contradictory leports concerning the tra
gic fate ef my father, and the attendant cir
cumstances, I have Ihought it best to per
form the painful task ot giving you some
facts, in reference thereto, which may be re
lied on :
Near thfce years ago, four negroes, be
tween the ages of nineteen and twenty-two,
fled from qty father's, in Baltimoro county,
nineteen miles from the city, into Pennsyl
vania. These negroes were to be free at the
age of Iwetily-eight, and this fact they
knew. It had como to the knowledge ol my
father that they had sold wheat, stolen from
him, to a free negro. A warrant was got
out fot the wrest of the free negro, which,
comir.g to the cars of his accomplices, they
resolved (the same evening) to make good
their escape. This was in November. Du
ring the wintes it was reported that these
men were suffering for food. A colored
man was sent to find them, and assure
them, if they would come home and behave
themselves, nothing would he said to them
about their theft. They wore found, but did
not return.
Afler having caiefully provided the ne
cessary vouchers nnd papers, attended by a
deputy marshal end two constables from
Philadelphia my lather, his son, (Dickson,)
his nephew, (Dr. Thomas T. G. Pearce,)
Joshua Gorsuch, Nathan Nelson and Nicho
las Hutchins, set out the first of last week
for the scene of intended arrest. The plan
was to arrest the fugitives on Wednesday
morning, but this was frustrated by the non.
appearance of the deputy marshal, who had
the authority and the papfers. Both the Phil
adelphia constables returned to the city,
with the understanding that they were to
como buck at niglit with now warrants one
of them having been deputed to act as mar
shal. The delinquent marshal made his ap
pearance on Wednesday morning, about 9
o'clock, urging as an excuse for his failure,
that he had been followed by a negro,
wLom he knew to be a spy. In endeavor
ing to elude his pursuit and prevent the dis
covery of his posse by rapid driving, he
broke his wagou. It was then agreed that
they would attempt the arrest on Thursday
morning, strengthened by the constables,
whom they expected to return on Wednes
day night—but Uteso did not come.
Deputy Marshal Henry H. Kline, and the
five gentlemen in company with my father,
reached the house where two of the runa
ways were supposed to live, just at morning
dawn. This house stands near the head of
the Great Valloy, in Lancaster county, about
two miles from the of Christiana
The valley libretti about three quarters of a
mile broad , quite trough-like in shape, and
bordered with wpoil. Across the valley runs
a narrow, rough lane. About 150 yards from
the southern border of the valley, and one
hundred yards from the lane that crosses it,
slands lite house of the fugitive, connected
with the larger Isne by a short lane, twelve
feet wide. As this party, at this early hour,
were proceeding along the lane that crosses
the valley, and near the house, one of the
negroes, who was recognised as Ndlbon,
came to the mouth of the short lane, and,
upon seeing these men, ran towards the
housn, all tho party in full chasei The ne
gro bjtrely made his escape. One man was
I stationed at each corner of the house to
guard the windows. The house is two sto
ries in height, and tho negroes were all up
I stairs.
The Marshal ami my father entered the
house. Mr. Kline asked for the owner of
the house ; fold them he was a United
States Marshal, and that he came for the
j purpose of arresting Mr. Gorsuch's slaves,
Nelson and John. He then read to them the
warrants, and while doing this he heard
iliem loading their guns up stairs. The
Maishal and my father started both together
to go up stairs, the latter having first called
to Nelson that he saw him, and told him
that if he would come peaceably and go
home with him, he would treat him as kind
ly as before he ran away. Resistance, he
said, would do no good, for he came with
tho proper officer and authority, and he
would not leave the premises without hi g
property. While they were on the steps and
intending to proceed, one of the negroes
struck at them with a staff shod with sharp
iron. My father then turned and went out
the door. Just as he got out a gun was fired
at his head from one of the windows, but
the aim was 100 high. The Marshal com
ing out just behind him, fired his pistol in
tho window. Again they went in, and starl
ing to go up the steps, an axe was thrown
down at them, which, however, passed
harmlessly by them. In this way a little
skirmishing was kept up between the ne
groes at the windows and the young men
outside, and between those at the head of
the steps end two men in the house.
During this period the warrants were read
three times, the law was explained, they
were advised and entreated to give up the
two slaves, ond assured that the arrests
would be made even if blood must be shed.
A missile bad been thrown out of the win
dow and had wounded Pearce in the head ;
he had attempted to shoot, but the cap only
exploded. At last they gave the negroes a
definite time to decide ; the watch was held,
but before the lime expired, a white man
rode up to the bars in the lane. His pres
ence inspired the blacks; they immediately
raised a shout, and became confirmed in
their opposition. When the Marshal saw
the man at the bars, he went to him and cal
led upon him in the name of the United
States, to assist in arresting the fugitives,
showing his warrant, reading his authority,
and telling him the inevitable consequence
of refuial. Another white man was also
present during (bis conversation. The re
ply was, that he would not assist; and that
they had better go home, for they could
make no arreita there, or blood would be
spilt.
Before, during, and after the conversa
tion with this man at the bars, negroes were
arriving from every quarter, some on horse
back, and others on foot, armed with guns,
pistols, clubs, corn cutters, &c. They seem
ed to be scattered all around upon the first
of their arrival, but most of them wore gath
ered in knots near the placo where the white
man on horseback and the Marshal were
talking, engaged in loading their guns. At
the close of the conference, the Marshal
called to his party to retire, saying that he
would not press the arrest farther, and that
he would hold this man responsible for the
property. Then the Marshal and two young
men left. My father was then near the
house, his sons Tearce and Joshua Gorsuch
not far from him, still guarding the house,
to keep the slaves from escaping. Just as
the Marshal and the two young men left, the
Quaker on horse said something to the ne
groes that had assembled near him, when
they set up a most hideous yell, and rushed
towards the house, the negroes in the house
at the same time rushing out, and whooping
like savages, met the advancing gang around
my father. There were four men, all armed
with pistols, it is true, opposed to about one
hundred infuriated blood-thirsty, howling
demons. As soon as these two gangs met in
the narrow lane, the attack was made upon
the diminished band, by a negro from be
hind striking my father on the head, which
caused him to fall forward on his knees,
when he was shot several times, and cut
over the head with corn cullers.
When the young matt near him saw him
lull, Dickinson and Gorsttch ran to him and
discharged their pistols into the crowd that
was murdering him, Pearce having been
cut off from them by tho negroes who ad
vanced from the bars. As I ickinson was
shooting immediately over his lather, his
revolver was knocked out of his hand by a
club striking him upon tho arm, near the
wrist. Then a negro shot him in the right
side and arm, lodging more than seventy
large slto'. in him. The negroes were whoop
ing and yelling with savage glee over their
victims, & the son, nephew and cousin star
led. lo save tlieir lives. They all escaped
from this narrow lane, the scene of the aw
ful conflict, into the longer lane t hat extends
across the valley and the woods on either
side. Dickinson, staggering under tho slun
ning effects of his wounds, blood gushing
from his mouth and streaming from his arm
and side, look the southern end of the lane,
and, in a distance of a hundred yards rea
ched the edge of the wood, tailing down by
a large slump exhausted. Some of the
fiends followed, and would have moslcrtrel
ly murdered him, but an old negro, who bad
been in tho affray, threw himself over his
body, and called upon them for God's 6ake
to assist him, for he would soon die anyhow.
Dr. Pearce and Joshua Gorsuch took the
other end of the lane : leading to tho woods
on tho other side of the valley, which were
mora than half a mile distant. Pearce kept
the lane, and aftor him rushed tho whole
band of negroes, shouting and shooting eve
ry jump a distanco of three hundred yards.
In his tlight lie ovartook (he Quaker on tho
horse, and strove to keep Itim between him
self and his pursuers, to which course he
ascribes the salvation of his life. At the
distance of half a mile from the negroes'
house, ho teached a dwelling, and bo'ting
in, asked two ladies, who were then the on
lj persons whom ho saw in the house, to
protect him. They expressed fear lest t!i e
negroes might come nnd find him there, and
kill them for concer ling liirn. He told them
he would not expose them to danger then,
and turned to go out, when they consented
to conceal him. Soon his inluriatod pursu
ers came to tho houso and asked if he was
not there. They were told that some one
had gone past, and they kept on to the
woods, which they searched and guarded
until late at night, to find and to butcher
their tl?sired victim.
Joshua Gorsuch, who had received a vio
lent blow on the head when by my father,
was rather late in starting, and ran obliquely
from the house to tho lane, reaching it in
advance of Pearce. Him they overtook
and beat over the head with clubs until it
was supposed they had killed him, but he
got up and went up the lane as far as he
could. One negro, who had chased Pearce
farther than the rest, as he was returning,
struck him (Gorsuch) over the head with a
club. At last ho reached the woods, com
pletely crazed by tho blows he had received.
There he was found by the Marshal and ta
ken to a place of safety.
Dickinson did not lie long before some
gentlemen came and carefully removed him
to Mr. Levi Pownall's, where he now lies,
and where I now write. Every attention
that kindness can suggest and charity exe
cute is bestowed upon him. At first it was
thought he could not live until night; but,
through the caro of his physician, and the
blessing of God, he lias been gradually men
ding ever since, and now we have strong
hopes of his recovery. Dr. Pearce was con
ducted to the house where Dickinson is,
about four or five o'clock the same after
noon. Joshua escaped that evening, to
York, where his friends took good care of
him. He is now out of danger and doing
well.
It may bo gratifying to some to know that
the proceedings now in progress will bring
to light the secret of this bloody affair. A
negro of Philadelphia—the same that fol
lowed tho Marshal on the first night—found
out by some means, fair or foul, the names
of the negroes to be taken, and other cir
cumstances connocted with my father's plan,
and gave intelligence to the neighborhood.
The abolitionists and negroes together
spread the news, and thus was brought to
gether the most of the negroes for miles
around. We have the man who incited the
. negroes to shoot, and defied the Marshal.
We have also quite a number of the actors
in that awful scene, but not all of them.
The law will now be fairly tested, I sup
pose.
1 have written this by the* advice of
friends, and am glad the painful task is per
formed. J. S. (jOBSI'CH.
Christiana, f>optombei 17, 1851.
From the Baltimore Sun.
THE CHRISTIANA TRAGEDY,
Letter from the Rev, Mr, Gorsncli to
Gov. Johnston.
The following letter from the Rev. Mr.
Gorsuch to Gov. Johnston, in which he re
plies to the letter of the Governor, has been
handed to us for publication :
WASHINGTON, Sept. 18, 1851.
Hon Win. F. Johnston, Governor of Penn'a.:
The undersigned, a son of the late Edward
Gorsuch, the victim of abolitionist enthusi
asm and high-handed rebellion, is sorry that
so painful a duty is imposed upon him as
that to which he now addresses himself. He
writes to you, sir, with no vindictive feel
ings, but only to assure you, what he do
sires every one to know, that he thinks the
lack of official promptness on your part has
resulted iu the escape, hitherto, of the
slaves, and some of the principal murderers
of his father. It would have tended in some
degree to relieve the anxiety of the family
ami friends of the deceased to have known
that the Governor of the State in which this
foul murder was committed had acted as
promptly and efficiently as the circumstan
ces demanded.
I know that you passed within a few
yards of where the body of my lather lay,
the afternoon of the same day on which he
was murdered. The cars stopped at the
door of the house. Some of the passengers
went in to look at the ghastly spectacle. But,
sir, you did not. You, who ought, because
of your responsible station, to have been
most interested, showed the least concern.
And this is not to be wondered at. It would
socm natural that then you should liavo been
rejoicing at this, the first fruits of your offi
cial and personal hostility to the rendition of
fugitive slaves. Did we nnt well know
what you have done to render inoperative
the law under whose protection my father
entered your State, to secure his property, in
a manner strictly legal, some excuse might
be found in our minds for your strange in
activity. But we knew your course. Wo
had wa'ched it with pain, and we did not
expect you would be induced to change it!
even at this extraordinary crisis.
Alfow me to call your attention to a fact
which, perhaps, you will remember. Those
slaves, for which my father was searching,
were to be free at the age of twenty eight.
They were detected tn selling stolen wheat
to a free nogro. Before the writ which was
gotten out against him could be served, ho
escaped to Pennsylvania. This brother of
mine, now so near to death, was sent to
you with.a requisition from the Governor ■
of Maryland for that free negro, "Abe John
son." But you would not deliver him up, |
and sent my brother home convinced that
further elTort in that respect was unnecessa
ry. That "Abe Johnson," it is said, was
present among the rebels on last Thursday
morning.
I have read some letters which yon wrote
to some gentlemen of Philadelphia, who
were urging you to action. I mnrkad the
sirong contrast between your words and ac
tions. Now, sir, if you were so anxious to j
vindicate the honor of your State, so proud
to have those offenders arrested, why did
you not imitate the noble example of the
Executive of the United Stales ? Why did
you not issue your proclamation as soon as
you reached Philadelphia ? If it ought to
havo been done nl all, were there not stron
ger reasons to have it done on the first day,
when the murderers were at hand, than on j
the fifth, when most of them had escaped?;
You cannot plead ignorance of the riot, for
it was well known to you. You will not
pretend to say that it was more necessary
when several prominent actors in that tra
gedy were arrested, and the whole neigh
borhood scoured by vigorous young gentle
men from Maryland, by a host of your own
citizens and United States military, than
when every one that desired the punish
ment of these murderers was afraid to move ;
when the rioters—still wet with the blood
of innocent and peaceable men—were tri
umphing in their victory, and their confed
erates congratulating themselves upon suc
cessful treason ! Why, sir, did you not show
your promptness then ? You applauded the
decision, energy and promptness of the Lan
caster county officers, and in this I most
heartily concur, but in proportion a? you
praise them, you condemn yourself. You
knew of the insurrectionary movement be
fore they did. If they had waited, as you
did, until the fifth day, to do what ought to
have beott done on the first, you could not
have applauded them. You must, therefore,
sir, be self-condemned.
Do you know that thirty-six hours had pas
sed before one writ was taken out against
these men ? Do you know thSl Mr. Thomp
son, the State's Attorney, and Mr. Ileigart,
to protect their own lives and quell the spir
it of resistance which fortified the traitors
and lerrrified the loyal, had to collect a pos
se of men from iron works aud diggings on
the railroad ? Do yon know that not a ma
gistrate or canstable would act until com
pelled; that the sheriff refused to act; that
your attorney general, true to his superior,
would not aid those men whose activity you
so zealously commend ?
With these facts, sir, before us, we can
not be charged with calumny in saying that
wo do honestly believo that your proclama
tion would never have seen the light, had
you Dot feared that the activity of others
would censure your own indifferenoe.
We believe that the majority of Pennsyl
vania is right. We have been pleased at
the zeal, and gratified with the sympathies
of many we have met. But, sir, if the laws
shall now be sustained ; if the country shall
be satisfied that Pennsylvania is right : if the
South is to find that this law will not be in
efficient; be assured that no: one particle of
the honor will be given to the Governor. We
will not say that he has acted traitorously:
that by his previous course he has boen the :
indirect occasion of this outrage; that the I
blood of Edward Gorsueh is on his skirts: 1
but we must say that he has not been "clear
in his great office," but recreant to the trust
imposed on him. I
Much more in sorrow than in anger, I i
subscribe myself your much injured friend, I
J. S. GORSUCH I
[Curiesfionilence of the .Public Lcitgtr J
Letter from HarTteburf.
HARRISIURO, Soft 1851.
About one o'clock a homoc.'de occurred
below Harrisburg, at the two-mii."* lock, on
the Pennsylvania Canal, in which the
parly, named John Hines, of Wj v ®ming
county, was almost instantly killed. The
weapon uso-.l was a monstrous horse-pi.dot.
It appears that Washington Kritzer, the de
fendant, and brother, from Milton, Pa., were
patsing down the canal, when they met jhe
deceased (Hines) coming towards Harris
burg. The boats passed—Hines went on •-
bout two hundred yards, aud tied up—went
after Kritzer, and bantered him to fight. The
Conk on Hines' boat said that Hines re
marked— 'l'll either fight or kill Kritzer, Or
he must do that to me." (ft appears (hat
Kritzer had given the deceased a thrashing
on a previous occasion ) He went on Kri
zer s boat, but the latter being afraid of him,
told him to be off. H.nes wanted to know
what he thrashed him for at the timo allu
ded to; to which Kritzer made no reply, but
slopped down into the cabin of his boat.
Ilincs followed, and when on tho last step of
the gangway, a report of a pistol was heard,
and upon examination, it was found that
Kritzer had shot him, from the sffects of
which shot he almost instantly expired.
Drs. Dock and Seiler, upon making a
post-mortem examination, found thnt the
ball had struck tho ffeshv part of his left
aim, glanced off, and passed through the ab
domen, penetrating the kidney, and was so
firmly lodged in the spine that its removal
was deemed inexpedient. Kritzer immedi
ately surrendered himself to,'the authorities
—had a hearing before Justice Kline, and
was committed
Hines bore a bad name, if reports be cor
rect; and wo venture to say that Mr. Kri
tzer's Counsel, C. M. Shell, Esq., will find
no difficulty to establish the homicide jus
tifiable ; which, from a knowledge of his
ability, and the concurrent circumstances of
the case, ho will undoubtedly succeed in
accomplishing.
Letter from Stroudsburg.
Correspondence of the Pennsylvanian.
Stroudsbutg, Sept. 12, 1851.
Col.Jno. W. Forney, Dear Sir:—The Sen
atorial Conferees of this district, romposed
of the counties of Wayne, Pike, Monroe
and Carbon, met here to day, and nomina
ted F.phraim \V. Hamlin, of Wayne county,
as the Democratic candidate for Senator.—
He was a member of die Stale Legislature
from Wayne county during the Buckshot
war, and the succeeding session. He has
always been a firm, steadfast, and devoted
Democrat, and will make a useful and able
Senator. Hon. Asa Packer, of Carbon, was
appointed Senatorial delegato to the Dem
ocratic 4th of March Convention.
The Judicial Conference of this district al
so met here to-day, and unanimously noruk
nated Hon. N. B. Eldred, the present abuP r
incumbent, PseinJont. Jadg* Ho will no
doubt be unanimously elected.
Truly yours, MONROE.
Presidential.
The delegates appointed thus far are of the
following complexion on the subject of can
didates for the Presidency :
For Cass. For Buchanan.
Franklin, 8 Allegheny, 7
Berks. 5 Westmoreland 2
Dauphin, 2 Venango & Warren, 2
Mifflin, 1 Bedford (Senatorial,) t
Huntingdon, 2 Lebanon, I
Blair, 1 Monroe & Pike, 1
Schuylkill, 3
Bradford, 1
tW The Abolitionists of Pennsylvania
have secured the services of Tliaddeus Ste
vens and others to dofend the parties arres
ted on the charge uf treason, and for the
murder of Mr. Gorsuch at Christiana.
WHERE is BARKUM I— This wonderful in
dividual is now at the Revere House, Bo;,
ton, looking remarkably well, fie is en
gaged with the patent fin: annihilator, said
by many to be as great a humbug as mosl
other things with which he has been con
nected.
W The '-Southern Congress," proposed
to bo held in January, at Montgomery, Ala ,
is attracting some attention. Two delegates
from each Congressional District in South
Carolina are to be chosen on the second
Monday in October. The Charleston Mer
cury considers that the meeting of the Con
gress is far from certain. _
H" Governor Lowe of Maryland has di
rected Attomry General Brent to attend the .
trial of the negro rioters of Lancaster in this
state.
One of Gorsuch's runaway negroes has
been arrested at Lancaster.
LF" WE aro glad to receive tho N. V.
Daily Timet a new paper conducted with
great energy and ability by Raymond Jone*
&Co It is among the on dits that Raymoud
had n quarrel with the notorious Gen. Wat
son Webb and that the new Times is the re
sult of that flarcup.
CP Father Ritchie, late of the Wash
ington T nion, has declined being a candi
date for Governor of Virginia. He sars—"l
am free to say, at once, that I could not be
the Governor of Virginia, if I [would, and 1
would not, if I could.''
SHE'S GONE.— The middle aged lady, of
respectable connections, "who never nursed
a tree or flower," nas gone South to marry
tho blacksmith by whom "the last link was
broken."
ty The Democrats of Erie County held
their County Convention, in the city of Erie
on the 1 Ith inst., and among other resolu
tions passed one in favor of Gen. Sana Hous
ton for the Presidency, in 1852,

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