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The star of the north. [volume] (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1849-1866, October 23, 1851, Image 2

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K. W. WEAVER, EDITOR,
nioomsbtirg, Thursday, Oct. 23, INSI.
THE RESULT. *
Since the election the hot blood has flow
ed back from men's heads, and they talk a
gsin with reason and candor. Governor
'Johnston flayed a bold and reckless game,
-and did all that could bo done for his case.
But bis election three years ago was secured
by means which cannot be -used twice in
succession. The promise of'better times
.under a change of adminisiration deluded
.•people once, for it is easy to operate upon
the restlessness-awl dissatisfaction of man.
'Jiir.d ; and pdliticians like Johnston well un
derstand 'that trick. But Pennsylvania is
•Democratic, and there is much truth in the
remark which a candid Whig made a few
•lays afltr the election.—"lt is not often
that we can elect a crndidato and then we
must hurm him in."
But it was a mistake in Governor John
ston to go bofore the people and make light
of a solicitude lor the peace of the commu
nity and the perpetuity of the republic. It
as our highest satisfaction to see that the peo
ple of the Keystone state will not suffer a
looting ot patriotism to be ridiculed, oven
"by a Governor when he decends down to
play comedy from the hustings. It is no
talse alarm to say that there is dinger and
mischief when the old political parlies of
the country are in some states annihilated,
and a strong new party rears its head and
•openly proclaims disunion and secession.
Within less than a month elections in seve
ral stales of the Union have turned upon the
question whcthei there shall any longer be a
tßepub'ic of the United States; and even in
Pennsylvania while Johnston was ridiculing
"all the little Union savers" a deliberative
convention ot steady sober citizens by reso
lution declared anew the old treasonable
doctrine that the constitution of the Ameri
can Union was a league with the powers of
darkness in the nether world. At such a
lime, a%d when a mischievous question and
dangerous men are heating up implacable
feuds to sever famalies and churches, it is
no idle cant to cry out with a warning voice.
An! then too it is ever belter to be warned
of danger too soon than too late.
The pneseait victory in Pennsylvania has
many happy results, and not the least of
these is the security it gives that we shall
next year elect a Democratic President of
the Union and thus give a double guarantee
of the safely and perpetuity of our repub
lican institutions.
THE ELECTION.
The official returns of Philadelphia city
and county show that for Senator Washing
ton J. Jackson the Democratic candidate is
defeated by Hamilton a half-breed Whig and
Native. Five of the Democratic members
Aire defoated by a similar combination ot
fag ends and factions. Six of our nominees
are, however elected.
Forjudges of the District Court Strou 1
and Sharswood who were nominated by
both parbes are of course elected. J. Clark
Hare. Whig, is elected over Findlay, Dem
ocrat, for the other Associate. Of the Com
mon Tleas, Oswald Thompson, Whig, is e"
iacled President, and Win. D. Kelly, Inde
pendent Democrat, and Joseph Allison, Na
tive, Associates. The Whigs at first J nomi
nated Thompson and Thayer both Whigs,
and Kelly Democrat, but the Natives would
not be satisfied, and so the Whig convention
was again called together and it choked of
Thayer and nominated Allison, a Native A.
merican. By this despicable manouvre the '
Democratic nominees were defeated.
Of the Row officers the Democrats elect
only the Coroner.
In the City the Dutoh have taken Holland
as usual.
MILITARY.
On last Saturday afternoon the Volunteer
Companies of the Columbia county Brigade
met at Light Street for their fall parade, and
to elect several officers of the Brigade. The 1
whole affair passed off decently and orderly,
to '.he credit of the citizen sohliers ard their '
officers.
The following brigade officers were elec- 1
ted without opposition. J
Brigade Inspector. —Hiram R. Kline.
Lieutenant Colonel. M'Dowell. 1
Major. —Joseph P. Conner. 1
I
OLD COLUMBIA. 1
Bigler has a fine gain over the vote of 1
1848, in the limits of old Columbia county. 1
The vole stands : . 1
Olumbia, Bigler's majority, -- • • 1017 1
Montour, " " -- - - 518
1535
Longstrelh's majority in M4B, - • - 1177
Dcmooratic gain, 358
Mr. Jackson's Majority.
The following is the vole for Representa
tive in this district.
Jackson. Ilayman.
Columbia. 1490 1337
Montour, - - 1354 856
2841 2193
2193
Jackson's majority, r - 651
Jutlgo Conyngkam's Vote.
By the official papers the volo of Judgo
Conyngham in this district is as follows:
Columbia, 2545
taizcrne, - -- -- 7271
Montour, 2075
Wyoming, .........a.. 1835
13745
tar The sale of a tract of woodland in
Fishingcroek township, it will be noticed by
reference to the advertisement, has been ad
journed to the Ist of November.
PhllosopicaL
Mr. Painter of the Muncy Luminary bears
the defeat of the Whig party lika a philoso
pher in this wise:
About Starting.
"The editor of this paper will leave to
morrow morning for the head waters of Salt
Rives, or "some other sen port town." He
hopes he will sufficiently recover from the
effects of the disastrous results of yester
day's election, to be able to return to bis
duties in about two weeks. Our democratic
friends will do us the favor not to say Ilec
tion to us during to-day, and we promise
tbem they will not again have the opportu
nity to do so, until they will have got pretty
well through with their rejoicings. We are
aware that something nf ffie kind has just
taken place, and therefore, need not be Re
minded of it. And we wish to forget it as
Soon as possible." .
Montour County.
The following is the official vote of Mon
tour County on Governor and Representative.
Bigler. Julmstoti. Jackton. Ilayman
Anthony, 149 21 152 19
Cooper, 43 ,16 27 26
Derry, 122 40 121 38
Danville, 248 305 260 280
Franklin, 68 74 71 70
Liberty, 134 85 148 68
Limestone, 103 40 98 43
Madison, 180 41 150 57
Mahoning, 54 71 62 69
Roaringcreek, 195 105 178 111
Valley 73 69 62 75
West Hemlock, 25 9 25 9
1394 876 1354 856
876 856
518 maj. 498 maj.
Items of Trans-Atlantic News.
The number of emigrants from Swilzor- I
land is about 3.085 a yer.
Mr. Ewing, of Bodorgan. in North Wales, j
is contemplating >he adoption of glass walls '
to preserve crops ol wall fruit from untimely 1
blight.
By a decree of the 9th, the King of Bar- j
dinia has ordered a levy of 10,000 recruits
for the army.
The slakes regularly given each year on
all the race courses "of Franco are 4GB in
number, and amount to 725,000f.
The yacht America is to be taken by her
new owner to the Mediterranean, where he
will doubtless try her speed with some of
the crusiers.
A Welsh paper states that 150,000 watch
es have been pawned and sold in Wales, for !
the purpose of finding funds to pay the ex- j
penses of a journey to and from London to j
seo the Great Exhibition. In some cases j
even beds have been disposed of.
Mr. McCorrnick has made arrangements j
for the manufacture of from five hundred "to
one thousand of his reapers in London, in
time for the harvest of next year. He has
also taken out patents for his reaper in Scot
-1 land, France, Belgium, Austria and Prussia, j
ami will probably introduce his machine in- I
to each one of those counties during the
next yegr.
Rank of Frncc.
The largest pile of Specie in the World.—Ac
cording to a recent return of the Bank of!
France, the specie on hand amounted to !
607 millions of dollars. This we believe is ;
the largest amount of specie ever collected
together. The Bank of England has not had J
at any time, over 100 millions.
In France, the legal currency is silver— '
hence it is probable that nearly all this spe
cie is silver—aud hence the recent diminu- f
tion of silver in this country.
The enormous accumulation of silver in j
the Bank of France is regarded as an unfa- j
vorable symptom of her trade—for the dis
counts and circulation of the bank have di
mished. Hence trade is staguant. It is |
probable that the (ear of political convul
sion at the next Presidential election oper
ates powerfully on the bank ar.d on mer
chants to restrain them from an expansion of '
credit.
Curious Case.
A verdict of SIO,OOO ww lately given to a
young lady in Henry county, Ky., in an ac- j
tion of slander against her faithless lover. !
The Louisuilte Courier, on the Bth, says, j
that so soon as the verdict was rendered, the j
fair Kentucky plaintiff, scorning to receive |
the money of the defendant—her only ob- I
ject being the vindication of her name from
his calnmniojs aspersions—directed her
counsel to enter a remittitur for the amount
of the verdict, save that would be sufficient
to compensate them for their services. Up
on consultation thoy consented to be satis"
fied with five hundred dollars, and in accor- !
dance with the instructions of their client, :
released the defendant from the payment of 1
the nine thousand five hundred dollars.
General Scott
Was nominated by the Whigs of Pennsyl- I
vania and Ohio for the Presidency when
they went into the political campaign just
now closed. But in both these states they
are defeated under their new leader. Scott
may well pray to be defended from his new
fiiends for this is such a kick "in the rear"
as he does not often get from his enemies.
ty We publish on our first page to-day
the official returns of the Columbia county
election, by which it will be seen that the
whole Democratic ticket is elected, except
Judge Baldy. His defeat is all wrong, but
•his system of cutting the ticket is becoming
more general, and, from a few disorganizes
in two or three townships,lt has spread over
all the county, and meets every year with
new encouragement. People have seen a
few tricksters play the game with success,
and so each year it becomes easier to repeat
the operation.
ty The amount of Conl sent from the
Shamokin Mines by Pottsville and Sunbury
railroad, to Sunbury, lbs present setson, up
to Thursday last, Is 17,662 tons.
Najgrlliw and Gains for Governor.
Johnston. Bigler. P. ga. W. go.
Adams, 52?* • 4
Allegheny,* 2814 122
Armstrong* 288 247
Beaver,* 28
Bradford, 300 207
] Berks.* 4780 501
j Bedford,* 37
j Bucks* 215 64
; Butler, 130 28
Blair,* 691 275
, Cambria* 535 265
j Carbon* 587 259
1 Centre, 1100 205
I Chester,* 1000 245
| Clarion, 1309 326
; Clearfield, 700 207
! Clinton,* 285 89
j Columbia,* 1017
; Crawford, 300 31
j Cumberland,* 182 y)2
1 Dauphin,* 1009 29
j Delaware,* 552 77
! Elk, 000 000 000 000
Erie, 1504 91
i Fayette, 700 186
j Franklin,* 546 224
• Fulton, 134
1 Greene, 1008
j Huntingdon 409 I'B
) Indiana* 721 82
| Jefferson, 350 141
Juniata 194 96
Lancaster,* 4838 651
Lawrence, 1108
Lebanon* 11/5 J4B
Lehigh* 377 .89
Lur.erje,* 1438 629
j Lycoming,* 648 200
1 McKean, 000 000 000 006
i Mercer, 81
i Mifflin,* 260 112
! Monroe,* 1684 234
i Montour,* 518
' Montgomery,* 801 228
Northampton,*
Northumberland,* 911 331
Perry* 847 122
Phtlada city & ©9.,* 2759 2201
Pike, 667 181
Potter, 59 409
Schuylkill,* 674 1100
Somerset* 1670 18
Susquehanna,* 692 118
Sullivan, 225 47
Ti °ga, 575 28J j
Union* 878 323
Venango, 600 56
Warren, 000 000 000 000
Washington,* 127 U
Wayne* U42 513
Westmoreland.* 2025 76
Wyoming, 200 32
York* nil 928
nV There are no gains enumerated in
Beaver, Bedford, Columbia, or Mercer, the ,
new counties of Montour, Fulton and Law- |
retK-e having been formed out of parts of
each.
*Tliosc marked with a star (*) official. j
TUli LEGISLATURE,
SENATE.
The Senate will stand as follows :
Don. IV. N.
Holding over, 13 9
Philadelphia city, 1
" county, 1
Chester and Delaware, 1
Lancaster and Lebanon, 2
Dauphin and Northumberland, 1
Union and Juniata, 1
Schuylkill, Carbon, Monroo S:
Pike, 1
Westmoreland and Fayette, 1
Washington and Greene, 1
Bedford, Somerset and Fulton, 1
16 16 1 I
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
The following, it is believed, will bo the
political character of the next house :
Dm. Whig.
1
Allegheny, 5
Bedford and Cambria, 2
Berks, 4
Bucks, 3
Beaver, Butler and Lawrence, 3 j
Blair and Huntingdon, 2
Bradford, 2
Chester, 3
Cumberland, 1 1
Centre, 1
Clearfield. Elk ami M'Kean, 1
Armstrong, Clarion and Jefferson, 3
Columbia and Montour, 1
Dauphin, 2
Delaware, 1
Erie, 2
Washington, I 1
Fayette and Westmoreland, 4
Franklin, 2
Indiana, 1
Lebanon, 1
Lycoming, Clinton and Potter, 2
Lancaster, 5
Luzerne, 2
Lehigh and Carbon, 2
Monroe and Pike, 1
Mercer, Venango and Warren, 3
Crawford, 2
Mifflin, 1
Montgomery, 3
Northampton, 1 1
Northumberland, 1
Perry, 1
Philadelphia ci'.y, 4
Philadelphia county, 6 5
Somerset, 1
Schuylkill, 2
Susquehanna, Sullivan & Wyoming 2
Tioga, 1
Wayne, 1
Greene, 1
Uuion and Juniata, 1
York, 3
58 42
|y Ossian E. Dodge has created some
excitement in England, by offering leu thou
sand dollars for the Crystal Palace one day
and night, SOOO after the close of the exhibi
tion.
PRESIDENT JUDGES ELECT.
The official ipturns will, no doubt, show
the election of the following persons for
Judges of the respective districts :
Ist dist. City and County of Philadelphia.
Osward Thompson. YVhig.
2nd. Lancaster. Henry G. Long. YY'hig.
3d. Northampton St Lehigh—YV. McCart
ney. Dem.
4th. Tioga, Potter, M'Kean, Elk, & Clear
field. R. d. YVhite. Dem.
sth.—Allegheny—YV. B. McClure. YY'hig.
6th. Erie, Craw&rd 'fc YVarren.—Elijah
Babbitt. YY'hig. *
7th. Bucks & Montgomery.—D. M. Smy
ser. YY'hig.
Blh. Northumberland, Lycoming, Centre
& Clinton.—Alexander Jordan. Dem.
9th. Cumberland, Perry & Juniata.—
James Graham. Dem.
10th. YVoslmoreland, Indiana & Arm
strong.—J. M- Bunrel. Dem.
11th. Luzerne, YVyoming, Montour &
Columbia—John N. Conyngham. Dem.
12tb. Dauphin & Lebanon—John J. Pear
son. YVhig.
13ih. Bradford, Susquehanna & Sullivan
—David YY'ilmot. Dem.
14th. Fayette, YY'ashington & Green—
Samuel A Gilmore. Dem.
15th. Chester & Dolawaie—Townsend
Haines. YVhig.
16th. Franklin, Bedford, Someriet& Ful
ton—Francis Kimmel. Ind. YY'hig.
17th. Beaver, Mercer, Butler & Lawrence.
—Daniel Airnew. Wiirr,
I 18th. Venango, Clarion & Jefferson—John
C. Knox. Dem.
I 19ih. York & Adams—R. J. Fisher.
I Dem.
; 20th. Muffin k Union—A. S. YVilson. In-
I dependent Dem.
I 21st. Schuylkill—Charles YV. (legins.
i Dem.
i 22d. Monroe, Pike, YVayne & Carbon—
|N. B. Eldred. Dem.
J 23d. Berks—J. P.Jones. Dern.
24th. Huntingdon, Blair & Cambria—
Geo. Taylor. YY'hig.
RECAPITULATION.
Democrats ..... 13
j YVlugs ...... 9
Independent ..... 2
MOVEMENTS OF JENN* LIND. —YY'e learr.
■ that swing to the lateness of the season and
| the consequent uncomfortable navigation ol
; the Lakes, Miss Lind has abandoned her in
tention of visiting Detroit, Chicago and Mil
waukee, and will go no further west than
Cleveland. There Bhe will give one or two
concerts, after which she will go to Cincin
, nati, whence sho will come to New-York.
YY'e have not heard whether she wilt sing at
Pittsburg or not. In all, she proposes to
give some thirty concerts, the last in this
country. The series will be concluded in
New York : she will probably also appear
there before visiting Boston and Philadelphia.
Tho first concert is given at Buffalo to-night,
where she gives a second on Friday. A'
! Toronto it is probable she will give two nex l
week instead of one only as was first in
tended. After that she will remain some
days at the Falls. She will not leave tho
country directly^M?termination of did
concerts, but will remain in the United Slates
until the pleasant season ol next year, when
she will bid adieu to the New YY'orld and re
cross the Atlantic.
GALLOWS CONVERSION. —The Knickerbocker, \
in speaking of some important satire, says .
"The last couplet, as we gather from a ;
note, refers to the case of Henry G. Green, I
who was executed at Troy a few years since
for deliberately poisining his wife, but who |
was supposed to have 'experienced religion'
a few moments before his death. 'I hope
he did,' adds our satirist; 'but it was ridicu- I
louß to hear a oioue divine lamenting with
the most holy horror depicted on his coun
tenance, that the poor wife had not made an
'open avowal of faith,' that sho might keep
company in heaven with her sainted murder
er! 'Twas a great pity, wasn't it, that she
should be debarred from (he celestial society
of such a kind and affectionate spouse I"
DISTRESSING ! —On Thursday evening last,
an insame woman, by the .name of lltioder
Campbell, was burnt to death in the jail of
his county by her clothes taking fire. She
was in the care of a man from another-coun
ty, who was taking her to the Insane Asylum
at lluriisburg, and by the kind permission of
Sheriff of this county, was lodged in ono of,
the jail rooms for the evening. She had
been in but a short time, however, before
her clothes were discovered to be on fire.
The pour sufferer made no alarm herself,
and there were but a few shreds of her
clothing when found. She was litterally
burnt to a crisp, and survived but a short
timo after the occurrence.— Lycoming Demo
crat. ..
ty Two Hungarians of distinction arriv
ed at Philadelphia last week, and left for the
YY'est, without making themselves known to
any number of the citizens of (hat place.
One was Madarasz, who, during (he revolu
tion agitation, was known as the leader of
the ultra Radical party; the other Baron
Metelenyi. They have gone YY'est intend
ing to settle at some point in YY'iscousin or
lowa. They expect to bo followod to their
new homo by a body of other emigrants.
ty In the Supreme Court at Pittsburgh,
the case of the Borough of Meadville vs. the
Erie Canal Company was argued last week,
and tho judgment affiimed. This decides the
question thai boroughs are not liable to keep
up Canal Bridges. The Slate, -of course,
must.
YOUNO. —Of the one htfndred and sixteen
Cuba victims, sent prisoners to Spain, filiy
one are ascertained to be of the age of 22
and under, down to the age of 16, and of
the whole number only eighteen are above
the Bge of 30 years.
I?* Chateaubriand says, in new colonies,
the Spaniards begin by building a church;
the French a ball room, and the English a
tavern.
▲ Banker'* Dodge.
A very good story is told of a little sharp
practice on the [fort of the Cashier of the
People's Bank of Patterson. The morning
this institution failed he went to Philadelphia,
expecting to make arrangements to go On as
usual; but his agent there very properly re
fused to redeem the bills unloss previously
supplied with the needful, which was not
forthcoming ; and the Cashier accordingly
started on his return to make preparations
for closing the banks.—On arriving at Jersey
City he found qnile a number of brokers
collected, who had got wind of the trouble,
and were on their way to Patterson to secure
it possible, the redemption of the bills in
their hands. The train started, the hungry
bill-holders seated in the cars, and the Cash
ier, who is President of the Railroad Com
pany, standing with the engineer on the lo
comnlive. After a run of a few miles, the
bolt by which the engine drew its burthen
was quietly withdrawn, ani the locomotive
carrying the Cashior, shot onward to Patter
son, leaving the cars to follow at their lei
sure. As soon as he had taken leave of his
passengers, the engineer put back to bring
up the (ruin, and found it at a dead stand in
an interesting locality, where the passengers
| had abundant tinio and opportunity to cxam
| ine the scenerj, and cool the fever of their
■ impatience. When the train reached Pat
terson the score of brokers rushed to the
bank, but found it closed, with an interesting
placard attached to the doer.
Negroes In the Free States.
The New York Express, in referring to
the conduct of the abolitionists in Syracuse,
on the occasion of the late riot, says that q
now begins to be lime to agitate another
j question, and that is, the exclusion by law of
' the immigration of blacks into the free Slates,
as Indiana lias already done. If every run
away negrtris to bring with him a Syracuse
fight, the Express demands that they forbid
negros by law from coming to New York.
They have in that Slate already prohibited
them (pm voting unloss t'ltey have a large
property qualification; and, no doubt, says
' the Express, a majority to prohibit their en
j try tbere could be got just as large as that
I which prohibited them from voting. We
| cannot afford to make the free Slates a bat
tle-ground for runaway negros. Such sug
! gestions as these are of grave import to the
colored people every where, to those in the
1 slave States as well as others, and would
seem to imply that colonization is the best
thing for them to look to ultimately for self
preservation. YY'e are glad to see that in
New York and other quarters they are be
ginning to realize this thing for themselves.
Read out of the Party
j The following resolution was nnanimous
'ly adopted at the recent Free Soil Conven
! lion in Cincinnati:
I Resolved, That as the Hon. S. P. Chase, ■
I Senator in Congtess from this Slate, has for
mally withdrawn from our party ; whiie we
, regret this course, and that it may not bo in- '
! jurious to the cause of freedom, we feel it |
J to be our duty to declare to the public thai j
we do not hold ourselves responsible for his
i official ucts, or recognize him as our repre- j
I sentalive.
, The Cincinnati Enquirer, in relation to
i this resolution, says that Senator Chase
j "lately addressed a letter to the editor at the
! Toledo Republican, in which lie declares Ins
| intention to support the ticket nominated by i
' the Democratic Slate Convention, which met
I at Columbus on the 6lh of August, and .
] gives bis reasons Ihcrefor at length. He is,
I therefore, reaJ out of the parly.'
I
HP" ll is worthy of note that the reoent 1
I election in this County, the whig tickets !
were known by peculiar marks, as for in- I
stance, a period mark on the tille for Cover- j
nor, before the letter G. in order, we pre-j
sume, that employers might the more readi
ly soe the manner in which men under their ;
employ might vote. This is a species of ly- j
ranny disgraceful to the American character,
and shows how far some men are willing to
favor liberty of speech and of action.— Mi |
ning Register.
ty YVe have heard of one or two in
stances, since the election, of men being
discharged by whig employers, because
ihev voted the democratic ticket. YVe for
bear, for the present, to give names, but ;
hope for the credit of humanity to hear of j
no more such cases.— Mining Register.
UNIVERSALIS#!.— A writer in the Trumpet'
offers to give SIOOO, providing another like
sum can be raised by the Ist of Janury next,
to pay the expenses of Rev. A. C. Thomas
tor preaching ono year in England the doc
trines or UniVersalism.
THE CHURCH OF ENGLAND. —Twenty-six
new bishoprics are to be created in the Eng
lahd Church. This will give a total of fifty
four, —the bishops receiping an annual ag
gregate income of about £185,000.
DISTRESSING. —In Norrislown, on Tuesday
morning last, Mr. James Ramage acciden
tally shot himself, while examining a load
ed Colt's revolving pistol. He died almost
iusta.ntly. Mi. Rainage was a much esteem
ed citizen.
ty In the 23 millions of the U. S. popula
tion, there are more persons who habitually '
read and write, there can be found in 150 j
millions in Europe, in any one area.
*
CT The Lowell News stales that before
Kate Hayes goes to Boston, they are going
to have Her Kist, whereupon the envious
bachelor of the Kennebec Journal wants to
know who will be the happy man.
Mr. Webster for llie Presidency. —The Bos
ton papers say that measures lire about to
be immediately taken for the assembling of
a convention at Kane-ail Hall, for the nom- j
inalion of Mr. YVebsler.
11l Tientment of Witnesses.
In 100 many instances, ihe badgering and
browbeating of witnesses while under exam
ination, by lawyers engaged in the trial of
ci.es, is a matter to be complained of, and
almost every'one has had an opportunity of
observing the ungentlemanly and improper
treatment to which they are sometimes sub
jected. As has been correctly observed t>y
another, the courts allow too much latitude
to the bar, and, not unfro quently, lawyers
who have earned the character of sharp and
adroit cross-examiners abuse witnesses for
the express purpose of con found ing and an
noying them into something prejudicial to
the cause of their opponent. By continual
hectoring and hair splitting, the honest wit
ness is often entangled in a web of inconsis
tency, just plausible enough to affect the
opinion of the jury to his prejudice, and the
lawyer chuckles at his success rn perverting
Ihe facts of the case from the mouth of the
witness. Sometimes the character of fho
witness is aspersed by the attorney, nnd he
is compelled to stand in tho presence of his
assailant, deprived of the oppoitunily and
the right to defend himself before court, the
jury and spectators. Tho aspersions and in
uendos may be most unfounded, but the in
jury must go tinredressod. Tho legal exam
iner is shielded—the witness is unprotected.
Courts should stand between the witnesses
and the -unpriucipal barrister who looks upon
a lawsuit as a battle to succeed, in which he
! is at perfect liberty to use false lights, falso
1 iutoHlgence, every sen et ambuscade, and
| the lowest order of trickery. Honorable
| members of the profession scorn such con-
I duct, and to take such advantages.
Legal pugilism, in which the defenceless
| witness is the object of attack, is disgraceful
|to the cross-examiner. To such lengths,
! however, is this bullying, hectoring, and
truth-perverting mode of examination some
j times carried, that a man of acknowledged
i veracity andsenso, when ho look-the stand,
| has boen obliged to confess, that when he
| stepped down from it, he had proved himself
I neither tho one nor the other. This dispar
i agement and abuse of witnesses should be
| reformed altogether. Courts should set a
I higher standard for the bar. Unruly and un
j gentlemanly members should be curbed.
I The feelings, character ami rights of witnes
ses should be respected. Good breeding de
mands it and justice should enforce it.
We speak only for art abused class, and
would not pander to any prejudices which
clamors against lawyers. We have no sym
pathy with any such spirit. As a cotempo
rary truly remarks, "the profession of latv is
an honorable one. It is an elevating and en
j nobling profession when its duties and res
! ponsibilitics ate rightly appieciated. And v
we should rejoice to see the day when tho
work of brow-beating and maligning witnes
• scs, whose honesty and truthfulness there
can be no reason to question, will be left to,
and be the appropriate vocation only of, the
I pettifogger and slanderer, the hanger on the
; tail of a profession which he disgraces, and
whose insignificance only prevents him be
ing summarily stricken from the rolls."'*
Wants War.
The N. Y. Sun, on tho authority of n pri
vate letter from Madrid, states that her an
< gust ladyship, the Queen of Spain, in a ro
ply to a petition from a Cuban, for certain
j concessions to the ill governed island, sai l
that she deeply regretted that sho was not
tho mistress of Iter own desires, or she
would at onco declare war against the Uni
ted Slates, come what might. It ia well
. there arc some wiser people than herself in
the limits of her dominions, or the poor dear
little stupid might be accommodated to her
heart's content. It is real charity to deny
her glorious majesty the indulgence of whim
,on this occasion. The desire for war, how
ever, is said to be universal in Spain, by the
same writer.
A Noble Act.
j The Society of Friends separated in New
\ork in 1828, and both divisions have boen
kept ever since. At the time of the separa
tion that property amounting to some SSO -
000, was njudged by law to belong to the di
vision known as Hicksites. A few weeks
ago the Hicksites held their yearly meeting,
and agieed after a full consideration of the
matter, to pay over to the other divisiou,
! commonly called Orthodox, 525,n00, or one
half the estimate.! value of tho properly at
tho time of the separation, which lias accor
dingly been done. We consider this an act
[ worthy of the higher instincts of Christian
j liberality, and deserving of all praise.
' SOMETHING NEW UNDER THE SUN.— In a
| late number of tho Cherokee Advocate,
I there is published an order from Col. J.
j Drennen, the Superintendent of Ittdiun Af
fairs, requiring all while persons residing in
tlia Charokoo Nation, west of the State of
Arkansas, to leave within thirty days of the
28lh ult., "except regularly licensed traders
and Ihe employers mentioned in their licen
ses, graated (hem by the Agent of the Uni
ted Slates, and such others as may be regu
larly married to Cherokees, and who main
tain a fair character for sobriety, industry
and morality, and deport themselves in ail
respects in accordance with the intercourse
law ol the United States."—Hereafter, it is
stated no white person will be allowed to
tarry in the Nation except by permission
from the Cherokee Agent, at the request of
a respectable citizen, and then the applicant
must file evidence of his character for so
briety, industry, and good morals. Thus it
would seem that government finds it necess
ary to protect our savage brethren agaitil
civilization.
X3T America Vespuci, whoso personul
beauty and other circumstances, some years
ago, caused her for a limo to be received
without suspicion into society in the eastern
cities, from which she was afterwards, we
believe, discarded, is now, according to a
statement of a correspondet of tho Provi
dence Journal, leading a life of half volun
tary exile in the gay capital of Taris.
CF" Judge Campbell is defeated by 8,000
majority,
NEWS ! NEWS !! .
PHILADELPHIA, Oct. 20, 1851.
THE returns for Governor from all the
counties, but tlie two small counties of Elk
and McKean, make Bigler's majority .8000.
As far as heard from Coulter is 12,379 ahead
of Campbell.
The trial of the steam ship Pampero has
been postponed till December to allow Gov
ernment time to collect witnesses.
A violent N. E. storm set in at Boston on 4
Saturday night about 12 o'clock and lasted
until noon yesterday, trees, signs, awnings
&c , were blown down in the city and viciiii
<y-
The Susquehanna Canal is repaired w here
it had been broken near the junction.
iho flour market continues in active, hoi"
ders demaud ill 124 per barrel for common
shipping brands, and St 73 for extra. Thero
is but a limited amount offering, and prices
are steady. Wheat, sales of 4000 bushels
of southern red at from 750 to 80c per bush
el for interior and prime quality, but princi
pally the latter description at 79 cents.
PHILADELPHIA, Oct. 2lst 1851.
As far ns heard from up to 2 o'clock to
day Bigler's majority is 7531—Coulter's
5182.
Fadier Mathews preached his last sormon
in America last Sunday at New York. He
sails on Sahmlay in (tie Atlantic.
Mnch interest is manifested in the diplo
matic circles at Washington with regard to
the expected arival of a special minister
from Spain to demand satisfaction for the
Cuban outrage.
NEW OKLEANS, Oct. 21st, 1851.
By the Steamship yacht from the Kio
Grande we have Brownsville Texas dales to
Oct. 18. Letters from the llio Grande give
formidable accounts of pie success of the
insurgents in Northern Mexico. Capl. Ford's
company of Texas langers had joined Cat
vajul at Astalas and many U. S. deserters
from Fort Ringold. llis forces were being
daily augmented. Advices Irorn Galveston
to the 17th inst. report that Wild Cat the So
miole Chief with his followers has joined
the Mexican government again. The insur
gents and Indians in Western Texas were
committing many depredations.
PHILADELPHIA, Oct. 32d 1851.
The Hon. Daniel Webster is engaged to.
j day in Iho I'. S. Supreme Court in a suit ft'
| damages for iulringemenl on a certain pat
j ent right in the great India Rubber case. He
will not be able to v isit Washington for some
; days.
I Chief Justice Sharkey of Missisippi has
I been appointed Consul to llavauua in place
| ol A. F. Owens removed. #'
Mr. Roid die teller of the Tennessee statb *
I bank has been found n defaulter to the a
j mount of nearly 58000, owing to errors and
J omissions, ami not (it is said) from an, lis.
j position tode f raud. The Bank will not suf
| fer any loss, as his securities are ample,
i The Washington Republic yesterday lakes
; the ground that the proposition for a German
national loan is a second Cuba land specu
, lation.
j Iho steamship ol Pittsburg sailed from *
'New \ ork yesterday. The vessel is Intei
] ded to run from Philadelphia to Liverpool,
j .She is to sail from here next Saturday for
j Liverpool. A large number of persons loft
, here yesterday morning to come round in
j her.
j The city of was visiieJ on
| the 10th inst., by a very destiuctive fire
which eo'-sumed property amounting in val
j uo to upwards of SI 00,00(1.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 22J.
The Republic has received information
from a friend at Havana that the Captain
' General will recommend to the Spanish Gov
j eminent the liberation of the American cap
lives. This person has visited the prison
ers at Havana and found them well treated.
To an observation by the visiter that on thoir
return to Hie United Stales they would be
treated like the prodigal sou, one of the
prisoners replied "we haue experienced all
j the prodigal son did except the riotous living ,
NEW YOKE. Oct. 22, 1851.
The Asia sailed for Liverpool at noon to
day, with CO passengers anu 8380,000 in spe
cie. The Philadelphia lor Chares with 100
passengets. The Daniel Webster for Niara
uguawilh a large number. Both vessels
sailed at 3 o'clock r. M.
WASHIKUION, Oct. 2id.
The appiiitment of Judge Sharkey as Con
sul to 11 avau is confirmed.
We have reported ar.d official returns
from all the counties for Coventor. Bigler's
m sjority is 8479 !
PITTSBURG, Oct. 22d.
There are t feet 8 inches of water in iho
channel. The weather is pleasant, and bu
siness is brisk.
THE PRESIDENCY. —The New York Courier
says the nomination of Mr. Webster to the
Presidency would be equivalent to an elec
tion. The people, it says, if they would
vindicate themselves from the charge of ig
norance and ingratitude, must bid their lea
ders step aside, and demand the nomination
of Daniel Webster for the next PresijJenoy,
by the Whig National Convention. Mr.
Webster stands about as much chance for
that nomjnatiou as does the leader of the
Mormons. Perhaps there is not, at present,
a more unpopular public man in the Union
than Mr. Webster; and his nomination
would sever every link which now connect*
the Whig party. But we shall noon see what
wo shall see.

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