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B. W. WEAVER, EBLTOR.
f dooms burg, Thursday, No*. 37, 1831~ THANKSGIVING DAY. THE free people twenty-eight stales in the republic this day join in thanksgiving lo the Dispenser of Bounties. Millions of joyous end thankful hearts unite in paeans of praise and joy. And in this land of peace and plenty—of happiness and health—who has •tot a thousand blessings around hint to move "him to gladness and gratitude ? To whom thas not the Wisdom and Goodness of a bountilnl Providence miuisteied in health, comfort or estate ? Let it be then a day of thanksgiving to rich and poor, for God has blessed each according to his or her estate. THIS TARIFF QUESTION} WE have often said, is purely a matter o( speculation—a question of dollars and cents end not of political principal, r.or of profit to the laborer. Kveiy manufacturer asks a high tariff on the article he produces ard a low tariff on what he consumes. The. iron men want no duty on coal, (though even any duty on coal is a farce) and the manu facturer of bar-iron and rail-road iron want no increased duty on pig iron—for they buy pig iron. The mammoth "rail-road compan ies want no tariff upon rail-road iron, and Mr. Kvans of Maine, u good and true Whig made application to Congress lo have those duties refunded to the railroad companies which they had paid on their iron. Tho manulacturer of woolen goods oppo ses a tariff on raw wool, but asks one on thft goods he IIBS to sell. The 'manufacturer of Cotton goods asks a high duty on his fabrics and a low duty or nono at all upon raw col ton. The following report of a "tariff" speech is a fair sample of the creed of those :p3nsioners of the government who have no -imhh but the lust of plunder, and no politi cal watch-word but the leech cry, "GIVE." At a late mass meeting held at Trenton, New Jersey Mr. Hewitt, one of tho speakers, raid it was expected that he should say some thing on the subject of tho Tariff. It was with that question that ho was rnoro inti mately cennected. He had heretofore acted with the Whig party, and it was with a view of getting a greaior protection on iron, that he had advised his friends to vote for Gene ral Taylor. There was one branch of tho iron business, that of pig metal, which wks sufficiently protected—and the cotton inter est say that they can get along without fur ther protection—he, therefore, had 110 seri ous objections lo the present bill, except in on* particular —iron, in bars, was not suffi ciently protected, and it was in this particu lar that lis (bought the bill was wrong. In reference to the position of the two parlies '"on the subject of the'tariff, lie believed that moro be gained for protection to the iron interest from the Democratic party, than from the Whigs. Indeed, at the time the bill was passed, the Whigs in Congress might have got a higli duly on this article, but what did they tell me at Washington i they said "THAT THE ISSUE WOUI.D BE OI SlOnE IMPORTANCE TO THEM IN THE NEXT E LECTION THAN THE TARIFF ! From that mo ment 1 bc:ame a Democrat I" Valuable Coal Land, WE invite attention to the sale of some valuable coal lauds advertised in ourcolumns to-day. The true', lays along and upon thu ."McCaulny mountain, and contains u valua ble deposite-of anthracite. It is also in the vicinity of the graded route of the Cattawis a Railroad, and a lateral branch could easi ly be tnade from the main route to the coal •mine. There is a good chance for capital "■ists. KSF The Star cf the North says there will bo six eclipses next year, three of tho sun and three of the'moon. We hope no envi ous body, planet or satellite, will come be tween us and the Star of the North —the po lar star of the democracy of Columbia. We thank you good friend, and our heart echoes your hope. A man with the grit and true Democracy of our bachelor friend is in aio fear of ever being eclipsed unless a pair ol bright eyes should smile too kindly and shine 100 brightly between him and us. Then alas ! he would be lost lo u*. "The 111-Considered Compact." —The New York Tribune, one of tha ."higher law" or gans of Whiggery—die earnest advocate ol the late Whig Stale Ticket—says of the na tional constitution, it is "an ill-considered compact, made when our fathers were virtu ally slaveholders." And the Albany -Ensuing- Journal says of the same glorious compact: It is "an atro cious bargain." Comment is unnecessary. tW For the past-two weeks we have in diOerent ways toiled night and day ; and we hope our readers will be indulgent if some errors creep into this number from our ab sence. A young friend promises to lend us the servioe of his pen occasionally hereaf ter, and we hope both our readeis and our eelves|will profit from his assistance. W In relation to the homicide case at Beach Haven in Luzerne county which we nolioed last week we have since learned but few additional particulars. Stookey, the man killed, was a man of disordered Intel, lect, wild, furious, nud passionate at limes. Seybert was not arrested but voluntarily gave himself up to the Sheriff. X3f The Wilkes-Barre atjd Pittston Plank gfeiad is under contract. We are informed ,llte moat of it will) be graded by January end the Planks laid down by April. This jrhen oomploled will be a matter cf very convenience. mJufolnbia'find the laKes. OCR Sun bury neighbors complain because the Railroad committee appointed at the Philadelphia convection of last September ill theia address announce the fact that Phil adelphia can be most easily connected with the Lakes byway of Qattawissa. From Port Clinton to Tamnqua tire railroad is in operation now, and the 43 miles from Ta maqua to Cullawiasa are all graded and the heaviest part of lire work done. From Cat la wissa a number of routes are proposed. 1 he first one contemplated was to continue up along Fishingcreek to Millville and (hence by Lairdsville along Muncy creek, and on to Williamsporl. From that point there would remain 240 miles of railroad to be built to Erie. This route would in Lycoming coun ty go through one of lire best timbered re* gions of lire state ; and would secure the lake trade by the shortest route. There are also beds of bituminous coul in lire vicinity of ibis route, and we ourselves a few weeks ago collected some specimens of iron ore in Lycoming county, of which one is a very rich carbonate, much like the "black-band" of Wales. We found also HI our excursion specimens ore; which, though not themselves rich, are doubtless the pre cursors of a better body of this mineral which would well pay for woiking. A second route is proposed to lead along Firhingcreek to Laporte in Sullivan county, down the South branch of Towanda creek to the Susquehanna at Towanda and thence to unite with the New York and Erie Rail road at Waverly, 16 miles East of Towanda. This route would also tun through an excel lent timber country, and in the vicinity of bituminous coal and copper ore. A genile man of this counly last winter made an "ex ploration" of this route to LaporlCi and as sures us that the grade will b& almost as easy as it could be along the Susquehanna river. Application was list winter made for a state road fiom Rohrsburg in this county direct to Laporte over the ground which the railroad would cover. Ttie main objection to this route is that it would sti'l leave all the Northwestern coun. ties of Pennsylvania in the "backwoods,' and the result would be to draw tho trade of Northern Pennsylvania, by a score of short lateral roads, to the N. Y. and Erio Railroad, where we would at once run against the heavy competition of all tho West and New York. Besides we would in that event use the harbor of Dunkirk on Lake Erie, instead of the larger, safer, and tnore convenient one at Erie. But again in this way we would lose all the coal trade of North Western Pennsylva nia, which would remain closed to us ; and Western New York is already supplied by the Erie Railroad from the Lackawanna val ley. Only a few weeks ago the connection was completed between Great Bend on the Erio Railroad and Scranton in Luzerne coun ty- We think Philadelphia need have little Tear tIHUTVew York Ctty trill- be o d.r.gatoas rival if the Railroad is completed to Catla wissa and Williarnsport. The cars of the Reading Railroad will be able to run through to Erie on this route.-for it will all be of the same gague as at Philadelphia, while the New York cars will find a dead latch for them at Tamaqua, and all goods would have to be te loaded there from ears of a 5 feet 10 inch gague to those of a 5 feet Si inch gague. This ut least would be the case un til some Yankee should contrive a mode of contracting and expanding the axles of cars from one guage to another, or changing the wheels of ilia cars when they come to a change' of guage. We have not patented that idea, and leave it for our Sunbury co temporary to attend to. Il was al one time intimated that tho Cat tawissa road might be extended to Danville along the Eastern bank of the river, and thence to Williarnsport, but we learn that Kimber Cleaver is now engaged in survey ing some eligible route from Danville to the Shamokin coal fields to connect with the Suuburj and I'otlsville route. BANK OF DANVILLE. —At on election held oil Monday of las! week for a Board of Di rectors of this Institution for the ensuing year, tho following gentlemen were unani mously elected, viz : —Peter Baldy, A. B. Wilson, John Sharpies*, J. K. Grotz, Thorn ns Hays, Jacob W. Smith, Wm. C. Lawson, Jacob Cook, J. I', llackenberg, T. 0. Van Allen, W. IL Magill, Gideon M. Shoop and Edward H. Baldy. The Board of Directors, at their nioeting on Tuesday last, unanimously re-elected PE TE:! BALDY, Esq. as President. NORTHUMBERLAND BANK DIBECTORS. —At an election held at the Northumberland Bank, nn Monday of last week, tho following gen tlemen wore elected Directors for the ensu ing year: John Taggart, Wm. Forsyth, Amos E. Kapp, Wm. H. VVapples, Wm. L. Dewart, John B Packer, George Schnure, Saml. Wil son, Wm. Cameron, John Walla, Wm. Hay es, Samuel T, Brown, William. Neal. FISE. —We understand that a fire broke out in the frame building belonging to the Hon. Samuel Oaks, at Churchville, North'd. county, a short distance below the I.ewis burg Bridge, on Sunday morning last be tween two and three o'ulocK, which was to tally consumed, notwithstanding the citizens of were soon or. the ground with their engine, but owing to the wretched con dition of the hose, were unnble to save any portion of the building. It was occupied by two families at the ti.Tio, whose furniture, Stc., we are pleased to learn, was mostly saved.—The fire is supposed to have origin ated from the bake oven, where a late fire for baking had been used.— Miltonian. Isv WE have now about a feet of snow on the ground, and fine Sleighing. Go it I G'hals and B'hoys. EF* Governor Johnston, of Pennsylvania, on the expiration of his term, makes Pitts burg his residence. Correspondence oj Ike Star. FHOM PHILADELPHIA. PHILADELPHIA, Nov. 22d, 1851. PEAK STAR:— I have for the past week or two been getting my ears full of conspiracies iu connectioh with Governor Bigler's Cabinet. Every body is Secretary of State, and "the rest of mankind" Attorney Generals. The last wrinkle is that Reuben C. Hale or Judge Kidder is to be prime minister. Judge Woodward could no doubt get the seals to hold, and there is no 'man in the State more fit than he to honor that station, but the bu siness won't pay, and the Judge will raise bis ordinance to a little higher mark. 1 The fuzlemen have ruu the business of "Cabinet making' r mto the ground, and so killed pnor Judge Campbell anew, by trvitig to force him upon Goveruor Bigler. It was a mighty impudent piece of business to cook up a Cabinet lor His Excellency, and soun ded very much like saying he was himself incompetent to the tusk ! The Governor will no doubt say "I am very much obligee to you, gentlemen." Andrew 11. Reeder of "Old Northampton,'' as the world calls it, is perhaps the most prominent man now iu the publio eve for Attorney General. I say "in the public eyt," for be assured Governor Bigler has hardly yet given the subject a thought, and not given the old ladies in breeches who like to swarm around Itira, any piece of his mind, flf he has counsellors, they are discreet. F. VV. Hughes of Schuylkill county will also be named to the Governor for Attorney General, but unfortunately it is said of him that at the state convention of 1818 he declared the delegates might nominate Mr Longstreth but they coulu not elect him. This might be urged to show that he was an "otiginal Big ler man,'' but the speech has two edgos to it, and cuts buth ways. Besides, some fel lows upon whoso iocs Frank has (ramped in limes gone by have got out Cen. Francis M. VVynkoop of Pottsvillu for Adjutant General, and il the tug of war comes when Greek I meets Greek, you may guess what will hap pen when Frank meets Frank. I'll try to be about—to lioid the hats. We have some very interesting plotting I here in connection with the Presidency. The last "cunning" move is the announcement of Govornor Bigler for the Vice Presidency- You will at once understand the drift of this' A counter movement is the getting out of General Pillow of Tennessee for Vice Presi dent. This is meant to save for Buchanan in Tennessee what the other manouvre will lose him in Pennsylvania. So these things go. Of course no Democrat cares much who is nominated for the tail of the ticket, though the Whigs are very much interested in that part of their nominations, since the luck to [ Tyler and Fillmore. I have no doubt but that if the two-third rule is adopted in the next National Conven tion, Judge Douglass will be the Comprom ise candidate for the Prosineney. It must and will be a Union tnan. I'llOM POT t'BVII,I.E. POTTSTIM.K, Nov. 24th, 1881. R. W. WEAVER, Esq.: You will doubtless bo pleased to hear of the success of a large new Rolling Mill at this place, which has been established by flight practical workmen upon the principles of mutual associated la bor. They propose to conduct their business as other enterprises are mangled which de pend upon economy and industry, rather than upon the idle clamor of speculating ad ventures. They attend personally every day al the workshops lather than at the hall of Congress ; and they roll up their sleavesand bear their part iu the toil of the day. Each one previously served eight years of duty in another establishment, and they then invest ed 821,0(10 in this Rolling Mill. It is now in successful operation, and answers a much better purpose than if it had cost twice a 9 much of the money of those city capitalists who never saw iron-ore, and give splendid dinners to Congressmen ; for 824,000 in the hands of two or three scores of superinten dents, supernumeraries, subs, clerks and un dor-slrappers don't go far when the losses are sporting white kids and swilling cham pagne at Newport. There is order, regulari ty and management in this Flshbach Rolling Mill, and every body iu the concern under stands his business and knows his place. There is no swarm of droves around it to eat out the substance, iu the business of cry ing ruin ; for every man concerned in il feels like making a living at an honorable busi ness. The proprietors are now making bar iron which is pronounced to be as good as any imported, and which they sell at city prices —freight added. 1 hey can turn out 8 tons ot this iron per day, and in this opera lion consume 12 tons of coal. The pig iron needed is obit ined from Easton. The proprietors will next turn their atten tion to the manufacture of rail road iron, and they feel confident of success and profit in that department. The concern looks like going ahead finally, and has so far met with every encouragement desired. The fact is that praclioal and prudent men have made money in the iron business in the face of the hardest times. I well rem ember when every body at Danville thought the iron business was ruined, and the furna ces blown out. Nobody could be found to use them until Mr. Perry and several other pracical busi less men took them, and, to the astonishment of the natives, coined almighty dollars by the thousands, at the "prostated" iron business—selling their pigs at the fur nace, I believe, for sls per ton. Other fel lows, who were beating some irons in their furnaces and others in Congress, got up too much or too little gas, and some of their i rons were burnt On next Mouday the public records of this county are to be removed from Orwigsburg to this place. Judge Hegins is also to open our December terra of Court on that day, but I suppose the removal will put us in such good spirits that we won't feel like indic ting anybody, or saying that our neighbors are guilty of any thing worse than good- hu. trior —at least for a weak to come. Yonretraly, k Frightful Catastrophe and Loss of Life. One of the most frightful and melancholy catastrophes it has ever been our lot to re' cord occurred in New York city on Thurs day afternoon. The following as uear as can bn -ascertained, anrfKe particulars of the dreadful occurrence: About threejp'glock, past before the pupils of the Ward School, No. *6, occupying the new building on Greenwich Avenue, near Sixth Avenue, were about being dismissed for the Jay, the principal of the department on the third floor of the building, Miss Har rison, was seized with sudden illness of a paralytic nature, causing such an effect up on her face as to induce the greatest alatm among the children, a majority of whom were girls, ranging from six (o eight years of age. The consternation gradually increased, several girls called for ''water" to levive the mistress, and in the midst of the alarm, the cry of fire was raised, wbeu the children at once made for the spiral stairs, winding in a circle from (be ground floor to the 4th story, which, iu their eagernees, they completely blocked up, the crowd becoming closely, wedged between the bannisters and the wall. Suddenly the bsnnisterwgave Way, and scorai of the children irere precipitated to the pa ved floor below, a distance of about thirty feet. The 6ceno that followed baffles de scription. The parents of the children were quickly informed of the dreadful occurrence, aud flew to the horrible scene ; and as body af ter body was taken out dead or injured, the screams and distress of the distracted moth ers was most heartrending. So far as ascer tained, forty-eight children were killed, while there are probably that number more or less injured, soate of whom cannot possi bly recover. Many of the little ones were so dreadfully disfigured and mangled, as to be scarcely recognized by their parents. Facts. In the census tables for Pennsylvania in tlie year ISSO, there are recorded 77,399 firms! Hero, then, we have the source of wealth, and the cause of our vast proper'y defined ; for it is the production of the farm stead that forms the basis of all other indus try. Without agriculture, we can have no trade—no manufacture*—no commerce—no mechanical labor. Extend this basis of la bor and you extend all other branchea ot in dustry, by the moat facile and agreeable mode of self iuterest, operating spontaneous ly through individual enterprise. What a beautiful system of political economy doe* not nature provide for man ? The bosom of the earth, cultivated by labor, yields hint nourishment. Variety of industry results in leisure, science, education and literature, the fine arts, and all that exalts his nature, and subdues his evil passions. Thus, one part of the world is subsisted by anolhet that it tnay rise bMrer in iutellect, art, sci ence, and iqventiotk Agriculture lies at the botrovn -of *U •iviQ|>tt*R ; nrt ttto otljr won der is, that qnr census table for 'SO does not show is many AuadM thousands, as It shows thousands of "farms," which ore the real castles of a free country ; as the farmer is the natural nobleman of the soil. Pennsyl vania has yet land enough uncultivated to produce that result; and the improvements now being prosecuted, and hereafter to be made, will show that effect by the next cen sus. In all directions the facilities to a mar ket are being constructed; while capital, op erated on by the magic hand of labor, for wilhout labor capital is worthless, is easily employed ia increasing the tools by which it enhances its value, and expands its bulk. Kings may boast of their slaves—but it is the pride of Pennsylvania to boast of her fartnc rs .• —Ledger. INSURING A DEBTOR'S RIFE.—A case was tried a day or two ago, iu one of our Courts, in which an unusual circumstance in the re lations of debtor and creditor was developed by the testimony. The suit was against the executor of a person who became indebted to the plaintiff and another person, in the sum ot about five hundred dollars each. As effecting an insurance on their debtors life, to the amount upon him. In a few weeks after this the debtor died, and the F.nsurauce Company paid the amount of their insurance. The plaintiff subsequently brought suit upon his claim against the estate of his debtor, and will, of course, obtain twice the amount of his original claim. The matter was suggested on the trial, but as there was no condition in tho policy of insu rance, nor any circumstances which could preveut the plaintiff from recovering on the policy and agaiii3t tho estate of his debtor also, no legal objection could be urged lo the 6uit. ' PENNSYLVANIA KNTEIIVRISE. —More ilian a year ago we noticed tho fact that Capt Con verse, of line city, was endeavoring to estab lish steam navigation on the Susquehanna River, between Baiubridge, Chenango coun ty, N. V., and VVilkesbarre, Pa. We see by a despatch through the telegraph that this gentleman ha* succeeded in his object, and the steamer Enterprise has arrived at the lat ter plaoe from Baiubridge—her arrival crea ting considerable excitement in that town. Those who know the nature of the naviga tion so far up that river, will readily appre ciate the energy and enterprise which could j commence such an undertaking.— Ledger, TJT LYNDE ELIOT, Esq.. for some months past the very able assistant-editor of the Pittsburg Pott, and, to our knowledge, one of the moat foretold ar.d fearless of all tho wri ters conuectod with the Democratic press of tha country, will be presented by many friends as a candidate for one of the impor tant offices of the House of Representatives of this State.— Penntylvanian. FIRE. —We learn that the Engine House of the Baltimore Coal Company, was burn ed dotyn on Monday night. It is supposed to have been set on fire. Loss estimated at about *B,OO, — Wtlketbarie Advocate-. From Ike Pennsylvania Statesman. Despotism of Corporations. The Boston Alias gives the following in sitnee of despotism and oppression exercis ed by an agent in one of the faotories of Lowell towards the employees engaged at work i-i the establishment. Instances o' this kintl are by no means rare, and we have, had occasion to refer to tbem frequently be fore. In this State, the same spirit of arro ganoe and despotism has generally manifes ted itself among the iron-mastors, and other manufacturing establishments of great extent. We could refer to occasions where Whig employers wcte known to have marched persons in their employ up to the po.ls to rote, with lickpls marked in a peculiar man ner, aud if in any case the laborers were > drscovered to vole any other than the mark ed ticket they received, they were immedi ately discharged. In this manner has a great deal of the Whig strength in this State been acquired. But, says the Boston Atlas, it being report ed in Lowell that Linus Child, agent of the Boot Mills, had declared he would not em ploy soy man who should vote lor the ten hour ticket, (coalition,) a committee of gen tlemeu waited upon him to ascertain if such ware the fact; to their utter astonishment Mr. Child openly, boldly, unequivocally a vowed his determination to employ no man in the mills of which he was agent, who ! should vote for the coalition candidates lor j representatives from Lowell on Monday next' This tyrannical attempt to coerce the suf frages of free citizens through the influence of corporate power granted by the legisla ture—by the abuse of privileges conferred upon a company merely for manufacturing purposes—is oue of the grossest and nios 1 insolent outrages upon the purity of the e lective franchise that political profligacy or desperation ever brought to our knowl ekge. A corporation created by the people sets itself above its creators, and attempts to trample upon their deutesi rights—to play the Lord and render the voters of a true country its serfs —to enact the Tyrant, and say to American citizens "uo my bidding or starve'." —to pervert the purpose of our insti tutions, destroy the guardian of American Libetty, the llallot Box, and dually to insti tute a power to overawe and control the citi zen, more abhorrent than the arbitrary wr!j which fills the dungeons of Naples, or sends victims to the frosts of Siberia. Mr Child may dare to execute his despot ic threats, but he had belter have a cure, and remember the late of Haman. If he abuse his power and insult the spirit of freedom in the manner he threatens, he will have a fear ful reckoning to answer before public opin ion, the omnipotence of which, thank God, neither he nor all the powers of his corpora tion can withstand when unjust oppression is exposed to that scrutiny which justico will surely demand. We hope the voters of Lowell are not so craven as to bow to the cap of this factory Gesler, but will spurn him and his threats, and teach him and those he represents that ihunti wk® gave can lake away ; that nnsus- can bo recalled, omt obu-o xrf power punished. Tlie contest in Lowell is possessed of far greater importance under the present aspect j than wus attached to it before—it will solv 0 the question whether we are to have free j elections or not—whether men or money shall rule—whether the Ballot Box—so long considered the Palladium of American Inde pendence—shall express the voice of free I citizens, or only the dictum of corporate wealth. Whea such issues are presented for the voters of Massachusetts lo decide, all others sink into insignificance, and every man who lecls himself worthy of being called an A merican—a freeman—should vindicate his claim to these glorious appellations by rebu king the audaoity that would rob him of the heritage bequeathed to him by the Fathers of the Revolution. To THE BENEVOLENT. —The house of Mr. | KAMP, of Madison township, in this county, | was totally consumed by fire, on the night, of tho 24th of October last, together with al its conreritr. His wife was severely burnt* and all the inmates but narfowly escfqwjd There was 110 insurance on the property. Mr. Kamp is an honest and industrious la boring mail, who has a large family, and is about trying to re-bnild a small >lo.use for himself. Under these circumstances, a num ber of his most respectable neighbors have given him a certificate of good character, & represent him as a worthy rrvau to receive assistance. Among them wo observe tho names of such gentlemen aa Squires Hen dershot and Kisner John V . Derr and VVm. Mcßiide. Persons, who contribute their mile towards repairing the loss of tho unfor tunate Kamp, may rest assured that their gifts are not unworthily bestowed.— Danville Democrrt. The Irish Exiles. A largo meeUng was held in Philadelphia, in the Museum building, on Thursday eve rung last, in favor of a movement on tho part of the United States Government towards procuring the lelease of Wm. Smith o:Bri en, Mitchell, Meagher, O'Donohue, and their companions in exile. It was participated in by most of the prominent men of Philadel phia.. Gov. Johnston was the presiding offi cer, and delivered a short bnt excellent f.peech on taking the chair. Tho meeting was also addressed by Z. Collins I.ee, of Bal timore, Kobert Tyler and Joseph R. Chand ler. An address, prepared by Charles J. In gersoll, was read and signed by the officers, to be forwarded by the Governor to the Pres ident of the United Slates. SAD ACCIDENTS. —Mr. Joseph Edman, a young man of about 18 years of age, whilst engaged in quarrying atone on the farm of Mr. Seebold, in Limestone township, Union county, on Monday last, met an almost in stant death by the falling in of an embank ment upon him. In Middlecreek township, same day, two meu employed in the same business met a severe accident—one had his leg broken and the othei hie hand crushed— Mihonian. Ttulfl Rain. We learn by ihe letter of a London cor respondent, published in the National Intelli gencer, (good Whig authority) that we have no cause for complaint under Ihe Tariff of . '-IG, so far as our trade with Great Britain is concerned. It is there stated, that our inter- L change of commodities amount annually to £40,000,000 sterling or about $200,000,000 — and that our exports to Great Britain are a bout double the amount of our imports. The writer says : "The declared values ol the entire exports to the United Stales for three years, (1848, 1849, 1850,) were £9,601,909, £11,971,028 and £14,871,961, or nearly one-fitih of the declared value of British exports to all parts of the world. The official value of our im ports from the United States for 1848 and 1849, was £23,916,844 and £26,554,941, res pectively.—Great Britain and the United Stales, therefore, interchange in a year, pro duce worth above £40,000,000. Truly they are of some importance to each other, and ought to continue, as we hare no doubt they will do, on the best terms." We regret that the amount of our exports for 1850, is not also given, but we are satis fied with the facte as the Whigs give them. Tue Journal of Commerce lately published a statement showing that the gross amount ol all our exports, exceeding our total imports $30,000,000, from 1848 to the present time. Why is it then, that the Whig leaders, and the Whig papers, prate continually of fur nishing a Home Market, for all our products, when we have as much as we want at homo, and, in addition, send abroad an overbalan cing exchange ? and why do they advocate a material alteration in the tariff of 1846, i and the adoption of prohibitory duties? J The answer can only bo found in thatgiv ion by the Whig leaders at Washington to j Mr. Hewitt, or the Trenton, (N. J.) Iron j Works, — "THE ISSCE IS or MORE IMPORTANCE ! TO us THAN iHE 'J'A Birr ITSELF !"— Tioga La ! gle. , The Erie Railroad. J A ootemporary says that during the month j of October, the Erie Railroad leading from l'ierraont to Dunkirk, received for passen gers and freight the enormous sum of $356,- 552 21, of which $178,282 82 were for pas- I sengers, and $178,260 39 for freight This i ' IS at the rate of nearly twelve thousand dollars per day! At this ratio this road would re ceive $4,278,636 per annum. Allowif.g half for exbense, it would leave a clear piofit ol $2,139,319. But the revenue of the road has increased regularly every month, the last one always showing an increase over the one preceding. Should this augmentation of receipts goon, its present large income would not be a fair data upon which to fix the fu ture revenue of the road. Should no other improvement be made to come in oompeti tion with tlhis Erie road, its gross receipts will in all 'probability, in the course of a few / years, run up to five or six millions a year, j The immense business doing on this roa 1 | evinces tvyo things wtituh w l>imylvanians j should iaj:e notice of. It shows that the cil- ; ies of New York and Boston are doing all the business of the norlh-west in conse quence of l-heir improvements to the Lakes and it shows, too, that the money invested in the making of the Cattawissa, Williams port aud f)rie road—an improvement neces sary to save to Philadelphia a portion of the trade of the Lakes—would pay well, afford ing th ■ stock-holders, at the most moderate calcul xtlon, fifteen percent. Trial of Washingtou Crltzer. The trial of Washington Crilzer, of Miff lio county, for shooting John Hines, of Lu -7j jrne comity, at the lock below llarrtsburg, on the 19lh of September, took place at Hm -1 nsburg on Wednesday last, which resulted j | in the acquittal ol Critzer. The indictment ! was for manslaughter. Several witnesses : wero oxamined as to the manner in which i the unfortunate occurrence happened, all of whom proved that Critzer .acted in self-de-1 fence ; that he did not fire the pistol until | after he was in the cabin of his own boat, i and had done eyerything in his power to ' preuent Ilines from pursuing him into the cabin. It was also proven that Hires was a dangerous, quarrelsome,fellow, and that lie had made numerous threats that he would shoot or kill Critzer when he inet him ; and that ho (Crilzer) had frequently been warn ed to keep a look out for Hiees. PRESIDENTIAL SPECULATION.— A Washing ton correspondent of ihe Baltimore Sun says: "The democratic party arc divided." Cass, Buchanan, Butler and Douglas are the most prominent candidates fortlie next presidency. The two first will be voted for in convention, and neither can obtain a two-third vote, and Douglas or Butler will be the compromise nom inee. If Douglas, then Cobb will be Domi nated for the Vice Presidency; but if Butler, then Gov Bigler, of Pennsylvania, as Vice President. Either ticket will be a strong one. The Rending Railroad Company Have done a splendid business this year, and the income will be very large. The pro ceeds for Coal, we learn, will neit the Com pany about $1,30 per ton on all transported for the year. There has also been a large increase in the quantity of merchandise and miscellaneous freight transported over the Road, and the income from passengers, not witdstanding the reduction of tares las! Spring exhibits an encouraging increase. SENSIBLE. —It is said that the British Gov ernment will not fill the station of Minister, vacated at Washington by the departure of Mr. Bulwer, till some emergency shall arise requiring the presence of such a represen. tative. This is an eviednc* of good sense that may be profitably imitated by our gov ernment. Why maintain all this diplomatic pomp and parade, at great expense for no useful purpose. f The National Washingtou Monument is now carried to tb? heigh: of one hundred and two feet. Classification of Retailor* # OF Merchhaiulise within the county of Columbia, Pa, for the year 1801, Ap praised aud classified according to the several acts of assembly, by R. W, Waver, duly appointed Appraiser of Mercantile taxes; to wit: Name Q Li- Residence ' § sens*. Bloom. Bloomsburg R R Iron Co 10 20 00* William M'Kelvy Si Co 10 liquor 30 00 H C j-1 W llartmsn 13 do 15 00 Mendenhul'. Mensch, 13 liquor 13 00 Leonard R Rupert 13 10 00 George Weaver 13 do 16 00 A. J. Sloan 13 do 15 00 Matthew M'Dowell 13 10 00 S I. Bettlo 13 10 00 Fowler & Tiimbly 13 do 15 00. Light Street Iron Co 14 7 00 Peter Ent, 14 7 00 William Rnbisott 14 7 00 J. J, Brnwer 14 liquor 10 60 John H Barton Si Co 14 700 E P Lutz 14 ' 7 00 John It Moycr 14 7 00 Aaron Kline 14 7'oo Simon Nathan 14 7 00 David Loweubcrger 14 7 00 David Stroiip 14 7 00 Cyrus Barton 14 liquor 10 60 S. A. Worinan 14 do 10 50 Millard & Trimly 14 liquor 10 50 U Plummet-& Co 14 liquurlO 60 lleru-ick Abraham Miller 11 liquor 22 DO Setli B. Bowman Si Co. II 15 00 George A. Beam 14 liquor 10 60 Frederick Nicely 14 do 10 60 Nriarcrcfk, Dodson Stackhoust* 18 10 00 .William Shaffer 14 10 60 Beaver Strouse .)■ Novinger 14 liquor 10 50 Centre. Solomon Sterner 13 10 00 Gilbeit H Fowler *l3 liquor 15 00 Jesse Hicks 14 do 10 60 Catawissa. Michael Brob3l & Son 13 liquor 15 00 John Sharpless 13 do 15 DO Finclier & Thomas* 13 10 00 Jesse K Sharpless 14 do 10 60 John Schmick 14 do 10 60 Stephen Buldy 14 7 00 Charles Ilartman 4" Co 14 liquor 10 60 "Lloyd Thomas 14 7 00 Greenwood. George Masters 13 10 00 Elias Wcrtman 14 liquor 10 50 Schuyler 4' Rezner 14 7 00 Hemlock. Marshal G Shoemaker 14 liquor 10 50 Jacob Harris 14 do 10 60 Fishingcreelt. James M'tlenry 14 liquor 10 60 Benjamin M'Henry 14 do 10 60 Montour. M. G. Hughes* 14 liquor 10 69 Maine. Geo. 4" RuiiolphShuman, 13 liquor 15 00' Mifflin. Brown Creasy 13 liquor 15 00 Stephen H. Miller* 14 do 10 50' Christian Zimmerman* 14 7 00- John Mcllenry* 14 7 00- T. E. Craig* 14 liquor 10 60" WiHiam Kautucr,* 14 10,59- Madison. James Masters* 14 7 00' Orange. R 4" J Lazarus* 13 liquor 15 00t Rcketts ,V Stewart* 13 do 15 00 Sugar/oaf. Parvin Masters* 14 do 10 50" ADDITIONAL. Persons returned for License under the Act of Assembly passed the iOih of April, 1340; to wit: Distilleries. Names 3 Li' Residence Jj ccnse. Ricketts Si Stewart, Orange 0 8 00 1 Reese 4" Lolt, Briarercek* 0 8 00 John Laubach 10 5 00 Patent Mediciaes. E. P. Lutz, Bloomsburg 4 600 John R. Mover do 4 SCO S. L, RettL* f 4 SCO John Sharpless, Cattawissa 4 5 00 Beer Houses and Oyster Cellars. Muses May, Bloomsburg, 8 5 00 MF~ Those marked thus (*) are ma paid, The above list contains ail retail ers returned within the present year for license, as n'so ail retailers of medical compounds, patent medicines, and all keepers of beerhouses, rating houses, resteaurar's or oyster cellars ; and nil manufacturers of spirituous liquors, by the appraiser ol mercantile taxes, which 1 publish ns required by the 60:h section of the act of March 4di, 1824 and tho supplement* thereto uitacheJ, designs i ting those that are paid. All those that 1 remain unpaid at tho next term of Court will be sued as trqnircd by the act as a bove referred to. Persons who tire re tailing foreign goods, merchandise and liquors, and not contained in litis list, nra required to take licenso immediately ; or they will be sited as soon us heard of. All Tavern Keepers who have not ta ken out their license are likewise inform ed that unless paid in before the first day of next court they will be handed over to the Deputy Attorney General for prose cution as reqoirod by law. A.MANDUS LEVERS, Treasurer, TREASURER'* OFFICE. ? Rlnnmxhtirr, Nov. 22. 1851. S PUBLIC SALE OF JTnvfNgyaD 3 THERE will be sold at public rale at the hotel of Jacob Dyer in Cattawissa, on NEW-YEARS DAY, Ist of January 1852, commencing at 10 o'clock in the forenoon & certain tract of Coal and Timber Land, Situate in Beaver township, Columbia coun ty, bounded es follows :—Beginning at a o..osmii thence by lands surveyed for George Longenberger, S. 69J VV., 228 perches to a post, thence by land of Andrew Clark, 8. 16 E,, 272 perches to a post, thence by lands of Jesso Brooks and Deborah Stewart, N. 78 E., 226 perches to a stone, thence by lands of Jacob Lose N. 16J W., 278 perches to the place of beginning, couiaini'-g 385 ACRES. AND 134 PERCIES Of which about 10 Acres are cleared. There is a small house on ihe .'leared part, excel lent timber atd a valuable bed of ANTHRA CITE COAL on die premise*. X3T Terms will be roado- ku„wn on tho day of *ale. GEORGE cONGENBERGER, GEORGE MILLER, JOHN FISHER. Owner* Main township, Nov. 24, 185 L