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THE STAR OF THE NORTH. •---' 1 L — '''''■'■ '■ "'' 1 1 '■'" '■" 1 I '"'.'. 1 '■ ■' ■ 1 *v.. .1- I'"lin ■, , .!•* nl' ■, P ' ■■ ■ ■ . I ....' ... .;, n ~ . . —_ B.W. Weaver Proprietor.] Tnrth aai Elffct Mu4 ear Coin fry. [Two Dollara per isua VOLUME 6. TUB STAR OF THE NORTH h published every Thursday Morning, In K. TV. WEAVER. OFUC.E—Up stairs, in tke new brick building on the south side of Main street, third square beluw Market. TERMS: —Two Dollars per annum, if paid within six month* from the time of sub scribing ; two dollars and fifty cents if not paid within the year. No subscription re ceived for a less period than six months: nc discontinuance permitted until all arrearages are paid, unless at the option of the editor. ADVERTISEMENTS not exceeding one square will be inserted three limes for one dollar, and twenty-five cents for each additional in sertion. A liberal discount will be made to those who advertise by the year. From "Night and tke Slid," the great psem of the age By 1. STAN TAN Bica. NIGHT. . The night is lovely, and I love her with A passionate devotion, for she stirs Feelings too deep for utlerunoe within rns. She thrills me with an influence and a pow er, A stdden'J kind of joy I cannot name, So that 1 meet her brtghest smiles with tears. She seemeth like a prophetess, too wise, • Knowing,ah! all too much lor happiness; As though she hud tried all things, and had found All vain aud wanting, andwas thenceforth steep'd Up to the very dark, tear-lidded eyes In a mysterious gloom, a holy calm ! Doth she nni look now just as if she know All that taih been, and all (hat is to come? With one of her all prescient glances turn'd Towards those kindred depths which slept for aye— The sable roLe which GoJ threw round him self, And where, paviilion'd in glooms, ho dwelt in brooding night for ages, perfecting The glorious dream of past eternities, The fabric of crcaiion, running alown The long time-avenues, and gazing out Into those blanks which- slept before time was; And with another searching glance,tared up Towards unknown futurities—the book Of unborn wonders—till she oath perused The chapter of its doom ; and with art eye Made vague by the dim vasluess of its vis ion, Watching unmoved the fall of burning worlds, Rolling along the steep sides of the Infinite, All ripe, like apples dropping from (heir stems; Till the wide fields of space, like orchards Mripp'd Have yielded up their treasures to the gar ner, Aud tho last star hath fallon from the crown I <?f the h'gu li* ..veu. ii,/ tilts* niglit; | l-ike a bright moment swallnw'd up and lost In hours of after-aiiguith; and all things Are as they were in (lie beginning, ere The mighty pageant trafl'd its golden skirts Along the glittering pathway ol its God, Save that the spacious I. alls ol heavcu are filled With couulloss multitudes of finite souls, With germ-l.ke infinite capacities. As if to prove all had not been a dream. : Its this that Night seems always thinking of: Linking the void past to the future void, Ami typifying preseut times in stars, Toihow ilia: all is not quite issueless, But that the blanks have yielded starlike ones Te cluster round the sapphire throne of God In oliss for ever, and for evermore ! Oh yes! 1 love the Night,' who ever stand - eth M Wfth her getmiril finger on her rich ripe lip, As if in attitude of deep attention, Catching the mighty ecnes of the word* Which God had iUWf*4-t* thweatttt was form'd, Or ere yon Infinite blush'd like a bride With all her jewel., and 1 love the flowers, And their soli slumber as they lie around In the tweet starlight, bathed in love-like dew, And looking like young sisters, nrphens 100, Left to our watchful cure end guardianship, To keep them Irora the rough-voiced, burly winds, Aud see that nought invades their soul-like sleep, I Thou canst not tell me what Ido not love ' In all this dark-robed family ol peace: The temporary bosh ol the low winds, * And their uprising wail: —the shadows there | Cast from the long datk shrubberies, that move And rest again on the greensward, arid nod Their heatse-like plummag-e to the passing winds: The deep, unclouded light, hall glow, half gloom, Dark, and yet lustrous, gleaming with a fire Whose sources seem onfathomuble ; love Even the very grass beneath our feet, - Whose graceful blades I almost fear to tread on, Because, when I have psss : d, they raise themselves Again,half in teproacb, so quietly Turning themselves once more uuto the heaven That cherishes and feeds them, I could weep That I bad crush'd them underneath my foot; Even yon tree, standing so lonely there, As if it dreatn'd of all the music which Its branches used to hold wtieu in their prime, Ere it became & deed aitd blasted thing Upon the bosom of the living world, Which the still vyeareth, as a maiden wears The withered flowers of the sweet Long-Ago, Ere love itself and lover both were dead ! Ar.d yet I love it too—grim ancient thing. All, all, oh! yes, I dearly love them all! GLAD TO BEAR IT.— The Reading Journal says, (speaking of the Mayor's notice to dealers noi to sell liquors to some 140 tippling citizens of that city,) that— "We hear foots every quarter that the stopping of liquer has worked an entire reform on most of thasa who are on the iiet, and that they have become enber men and ere attending to their work. Some eftU menage to secure the article— though with serious difficulty—get drunk and ere sen. to the castle." (/if Prime wheat U selling in Louis- Mile M P" baahel. BLOOMSBURG, COLUMBIA COUNTY, PA., THURSDAY. AUGUST 3, 1854. WHIPPING CHILDREN. >y Wt MRS. SWUSHZUt. We have to ask pardon of onr Ripley cor g respondent for forgetting sooner to answer her inquiry as'to what we should do if a child refused te obey u. Wbat we should d do would depend very muob on the state of >• our health. If we had swallowed rich pas tries and scalding drinks omit our digestion 0 was all out of order—-slept in • close room, is and negleoted washing until our brain was muddied with had air snd impurities caused • by obstructed perspiration—if he had worn one or moio skirts suspended on our sides 0 until we had a backache indicating diseased spine and consequently diseased brain—if s from any cause our nervous system was de >f ranged, and ws as peevish and irritable as one must consequently be, and a child under our earn should be iu a similar con dition and bs consequently provoking, we, in (he exercise of the authority with which the law invests us, might do a very cruel thing. We might bruise the tender flesh with blows, lerrily it into idiocy b) shutting , it in a dark closet, or commit upon the help less, defenceless lulls creature almost any 1 enormity shorl%f taking its life or maiming it, and do it all under a sense of duty, byway , of teaching it obedience. We might first destroy the-child's temper by destroying its health, and render ouraelf a half maniac by a like process, and in our insane anger pan the child for what we ought to be punished, I and the law and public opinion would jusli -1 fy the act. We are no better (ban ordinary folks, and placed in like circumstances woul d be as likely to be wicked and cruel as the thousands who maltreat their children as we describe; but what we ought to do and what we would do may be very differ ent matters. i Every person, but particularly every moth er, should be careful to preserve a sound mind in a sound body. The soul should dwell in her body as the strong man who kyepelh his bouse, and she should take - care that no thief elers to steal away her senses. Anything which impairs her health injures her mental powers ; and a sickly , woman, unless she is one of a thousand, is a fretful woman, and a fetful woman is not fit to hare the charge of children. A mother should take care that her child ren get none but wholesome food, have pure air night and day, are sufficiently washed, I which should be the entire person onoe ev ery twenty.four hours.loosely and comforta bly clothed, have plenty of exercise in the opon air, and employment anitable to their ages. She should not fetter (hem with un necessary rates. People who especially set their minds upon bringing up their childr en well, are very apt to govern them too much. Let the young body and spirit grow a atural lj, and rather with 100 little than too much restraint. Preserve them, at all cost, from improper associations. Never trust ohildren to the care and companionship of persona you esteem yonr own inferior. Have no servants about them. Entrust them only to the cars of persona whom they are taught to respeM and who are worthy of that respect- We should as much thick of giving our child a bottle of. vitriol to amuse her, as hir ing a girl out of some alley, of whose mor als we knew next to nothing and placing her as the child's attendant. Reverse the pommoD ordecxtf thing*, and instead of giv ing your child a companion who is 100 mean to sit at labia with you, you may reoeive many visitors in the beat room a* yonr com panions whom yon should never entrust , with the care of yoor child. If you do not hare the entire charge of yOnr child, em ploy some oue the nearest possible approach to your ideas of a model lady and e Chris tian, to tale yonr place. The difference be tween her wages and that of a servant will he the respect with which you treat her and the position she occupies in yonr family. If you thus place jour child iu proper conditions, and are careful to keep the com mand of your own apirit, ant* of wilful diso bedience will be rare. When disobedience > is the result of childish forgetfulnese, there should scarce he an end to a parent's for bearance and forgiveness There oertain iy never should be an approaoh to severe pun ishment. A child who forgets to obey its parents is oftqn more than sufficiently punished by with hp I ding a kiss, or looking sorry; 'lqr ev ery child should be so accustomed to caress es aud tern:* of endsarment that they would be as necessary to iu happiness as daily bread; when they are so, a parent who does i not govern too much will be able to enforce all necessary commands by looking sorry : refusing caresses until won by repentance. In no ease sbeukl they bo longer withheld. Whenever e child is sorry for doing wrong ( sad asks to be forgiven, the reconciliation should be complete and no after mention made of the offenoe. Never retail aoh Ud's fanlu and punishments to another, or eall opiSe nidmory of past errors. In extreme oases where a child pnrpoeely ; and wilfully eafuses to obey, or resists, be , sore yon yourself are calm, and if not, wait, I until you are, end then punish it nntil it yields. The best plan is to taka it for gran > ted that all naughtiness is sickness, and i mast be cured by abstinence or the wet t sheet bath; so, give a refractory child noth > ing but bread ami water, or pack it away io a wet sheet. Do this gravely and firmly a* 1 io caw of the bodily illness, not as if yoa ' did it for vengesne* or for punishment, bat ss a discipline necessary to restore it re health In this (bet# is ao deception, for a eht!o of violent or sullen temper kae always seme imparity its Weed which asy be removed by these mean* Treat all areola! impurities as physioal diseases—treat them psrsevsringly on tbe hydropbatio principle, . and you cannot fad to bring up obedient, ir pies ant tempered children, a In ose* of great violence of lumper, there J may be occasion In immediate physical f force. Mr. Riohttdt, principle of the Phil • adelpbie school for idiots, relate* of one lit n tie girl, that she was so violent she would i, drive every one out of (he room, break or s tear everything in her reach and scream 1 (rightfully. In on* of bet psroxyms, after I using commands to no purpose, be pieeed a • napkin across her mouth, holding it firmly i at the back of her head, leaving her novMts f open but effectually stepping ell soand from • her mouth. Taking both bar hand* in hie right > and holding the napkin in bis lefi, be eaaaly i held her, wailing for her to yield and w con tinued to hold her for six hoar*. By thai i time she grew calm, professed mpentanoe > and promised obedience. Onoe again he ' applied the same remedy, bat only for half 1 .an hour, and she became a idea sect child, I particularly fond of him. Punishment for ' children should consist, at most, in restraint, 1 and that no more (ban is neoessary to over ' come their resistance and make them feel tbe parent or guardian is stronger then they 1 —that they can can restrain (hsm and will, 1 but only for tbeir benefit. No punishment should assume the appearance of revenge, ' snd should always be administered by a person in perfeot command of his or her own temper. No one should attempt to go vern a child until he has acquired the art of | governingfhirasel/.— Pittsburg Visitor. Items lor Democrats. The whigs must have a rallying cry. JU peal of the Nebraska bill is now that cry; and with it the hope to seduoe some diaeat i isfied democrats from onr ranks, and thn* gain political power agaiu. It is an old > trick of onr enemies. They know tbe re i peal can never be aflected. It is humbug. After the passage ol the tariff sot of 1846, their cry was Repeal. They gained political power in 1848. Yet from that day to this, they have never attempted the repeal of that act. Even in their national conventions they have since passed a resolution against that tariff. But the cry of repeal deluded some democrats. Will the democrats be a gain deceived. The Nebraska bill is iu its nature irrepeslable. .Rights will be acquir ed under the act', in a few months, that can only be divested by tbe popular vote. The whigs urge that the Nebraska act was uncalled for at this time. Yet thousands of people are preparing to emigrate to the new territories. Is not that proof sufficient that territorial organizations were wanted > Tue action* of the government i* followed immediately by migration and settlement. Th* question of slavery must be met in some way in relation to those territories, — Who could sellle that question most safely and most justly for all the interests of hu manity—ihe people who were to be affected by, it, or demagogues in congress who seek notority by a perpetual agitation of the sub ject 1 Democrats, surely, cannot hesitate' for an answer to this question- Shall democrats be alarmed when whigs taise a great clamor! Was net the elamor ! against Madison fur the wet of iei ■ fu rious I Was not the hue end ory against Jso It son for more base and violent for veto ing the charter of the rotten United States bank I Was not Polk equally abased on ee count of the Mexican war, and for the tar iff of '461 Yet what did 411 this clamor a* mount to? Who now condemt lb* meas ures that the federalists in their time so bit terly reviled ? Tbe result has proved that Ihe measures were wise, and fortunate for the interests of the country. No democrat ic president has escaped their reviling*.— No great moasare bss escaped their lying denunciations. Yet time bas shown tbeir folly; and that the democrat* ware tight end so it will undoubtedly be in the present oase.— Pittsburg Pott. A FAST ANECDOTE. —Tbey do things up fast in Evsnville. It is a progressive place in everything. We jrad a happy instanoe of thespitit of progress in onr midst a abort time sicoe. A your saddler wanting a pair ofJboets mafia, weat-wto Qeas friend in that lute el business, and was measured.— Ha called in a few days for his boots, bat tbe shoemaker said bis wife was very siok, and he must wait a little longer. Aga'n be called, but tbe poor fellow's wile hod just boon buried, and in his overwhelming grief he could not think of making boots that week—wait a little longer. Finally, ebon t two week* after tbe poor shoemaker's be reavement, the sadler called again, thinking that his boots must certainly be done by that time. " Well, my friend, *r* my boots don* yet ?" ''No, ley bos not ton; mine vif# tya, and 1 have bean done ootliug but take ear* of te babies ail te time*. But,' countineed be, brightening up, "I bat goin' to be married to-morrow night, den te first ting whet I make* is tor boots" IHT A Arm in Oswego county, have patented a model of working the fibrous parts of swingle tow into paper, snd it produce* a firm and very while article, WtT There wss groat mortality in the ettv of New Orleans foy the wed: ending Joiy %i m deaths-100 from son stroke. 1 BTFOCBONDRIACISM. ' - A NOVEL CURE FOR IT. i ST K. M. CARLETON. "Good asorning, friend Carter, bow is | yoor wife, this morning ?' "Bad os over. lam much discouraged, 1 asms* yen." "Do yolt still bave a physician 1" "Yes, hot ha con do nothing for her." "But wbat doe* he say ?'' "He sers that it is tbe most awkward oass of hypechondriaoism ha orer met with. I am completely worn not She insists she is going te die to-days*nd besought me in the* most piteous aeeents to remain with her; bat I have neglected my business too much lately, and ceo no longer indulge her with | my presence, which only make* her appear worse." "A bard caee, indeed, particularly for you, bat what do you intend to do?" "Do! loan't imagine what, friend Bush, unless t become insane and take refuge in a mad-house." "Do not despair; soch cases are by no means hopeless." "I here done with hope " "I am no physioian, Carter, bat I have a plan in my head which I think oannot fail to cure bar." "Oat with it, at onoe. I am ready to grasp a straw if it poin te out the slightest hope.'' "Have you a good sharp axe?" "I believe so." ' "If yon have all means. When yob return st noon, ssy as little as passible to her, but proceed deliber ately to cut down the bedstead upon which she lays." "1 did not think yon would make my af fliotion a subject of miith." "1 never wss more seiious in my life.— Do this, and leave the rest with me ; but if you do not agree to it, I wash my hands of tbe matter.'' "Since you are sertoas, I will agree to anything, however ridiculous." "It is a bargain, then ?" "It is." The friends parted. Carter proceeded to his store, while Bush hastened to the resi dence of his friend. As he wss an intimate acquaintance, he was at once admitted. He seut word to the invalid that he had some thing of the utmost importance to commu nicate U her, Snd must see.■:§. usrisfio u: Such • message roused the furiosity of tbe dying women, as she termed tiniasifrj and she consented to see him. The Mrtßjjnj had evidently got bet cue, for she ' mode afiH 1 excuse for leaving him in, and at onoe pro- ! ceeded down stairs. "Good morning, Mrs. Carter, how do yon feel?" "f am dying," ebe said faintly. I "Then I will not disturb yon," t He ed towards the door as if about to leave the I room. "Do not leave me, Mr. Bush, to die ufonqL 1 beside*, yoa gave me to understand /Msfcffr something important.to' any to me." _ > i "Tin*! but it is an unpleasant task to be tbe messenger of evH k *>l i "Evil tidings! What yon mean, Mr. Bush ? ! ' ' * ■ "OS linf... t..w., LrtfmtfijMgHa th* > inegotefitiea of how husband < pugoant to my feeling*. I wish I had dot come." '■Speak," said Mrs. Cftitog propping her band with en additional pillow, "let me knew *H." "Wbeo year husband left yon this morn ing. where did he tell you he was going I" "To hit stow, ol course. Where should be gel" Injured woman—he deceived yoa : for he called at th* heus* of tbe young widow Smith, where be is ■ constant visitor " "Yets amaze me, Mr. Bush 1" The in valid had btatily thrust a ehawl abont hqr, and was (ably sitting np. "Take earn and not oxeil* yourself, my dear madam. I will not shock yonr feel ings any farther. I was abont to say—but I oannot, dare not." "Proceed—tell me anything rather than allow mo fe remain In IhiffVtupenae. Cuii oeai nothing, as >ou vMeeiby friendship.'"* "1 believe yea an tnuvr&FWeman, sod, J will fmokly tell yoa ell, although it will sarely east me Carter's friendship. Ho is actually engaged to bar. They will be married semi six months after your death, which they have oaloulated will soon oc ear." "The moctter!—but I will balk him— And that emooth-foeed young widow—to tail me only n day or iwoawaoe, that she would sever marry again. I'll soon put a stop to those fina doing*." "Bat thia is not all, Mrs. Carter, they have actually consulted Dr. Kaback, or some oth er huinbilggiflg astrologer, to learn how long yea will livhs, and ho informed them that if jrout husband could succeed iuo utting down all fear posts of your bedstead, while you rematnod iu bed, you would not live four days." >, '>- > "Monstrous! bat this tdk is inorsdtblai, 4 1 oannot believe it." "You shall have proof,' for yonr husband will commence operations this noon, howev - or foolish it may seem." "lot I will not remain ia the house to be thus used. If I were not eo-ill 1 would re tain at 0000 to my father's. "Take my advice, madam. Rest quietly and be nuns, but partake of all the noar '•hmrni yoa possibly can, and when he be ' **- * * gins his vile work, leave your bed st or.es snd thus put sn eflectusl stop to his villain ous intentions. I really cannot remain an other moment." He left the lady in a terrible rage, who, 1 while reflecting opon her wrongs, entirely forgot her illueae. The unconscious Carter ' returned, and without wasting words bsga n vigorously hacking at tbe elegant mahoga ny bedposts. The wife, with tbe fury of a tigress, leaped from tbe bed snd completely overwhelmed tbo astonished man with in vective* aud accusations of the most bitter and vindictive obaracter. He thinking her insane, fled from the s partment, but she followed from room to room, giving ber rage fnl. scope and do nouncing him and the widow Smith as the vilest and most criminal of mankind. After a long and ludicrous scene of domes tic commotion, matters were satisfactorily explained by both parties. The lady' was completely cured of her fancies, and be came an excellent wife, but it was a long time before she forgave Bush. TUB PRIMITIVE MAN. I hold it to be morally impossible for God to have creeled in (he beginning, such men and women aa wo find the human race in their physical condition, now to be. Exam ine the book of Genesis, which contains the earliest annals of the human family. As is commonly supposed it comprise* the first three hundred and sixty-nine years of hu man history. With childlike simplicity, this book describes the infancy of mankind. Unlike modern histories, it details the minu test circumstances of individual life. In deed, it is rather a series of biographies than of history. Tbe false delicacy of mod em times did not forbid the mention of whatever was done or suffered. And yet, over all that expanse of time—for more than one-third part of the duration of the human race—not a single instance is recorded of a child born blind, or deal, or dumb, or idiot ic, or malformed in any way. During the whole period, not a single case of a natural death in infancy, or childhood, or early manhood, or even of middle manhood is to be found. Not one man or woman died of disease. The simple record is, "and he died," or, he died "io a good old age snd full of years," or he wss "old and full of days." No eptdemlb, or even er.demic dis ease praj-jsited. showing that they die t the natural death of healthy men, and not the . uuiatural death of distempered ones, j Through all this time, (except iu the single LjUlgS ef Job, in his age, and then only for a ■ray or two before his death,) it does not ap pear that any man was ill, or that any old My or youug lady ever faulted. Bodily 'paid from disease is no where mentioned. No cholera infantum, scatleima, measles, kqitsll pox, not even a tooth-ache! So ex mßminary a thing wss it for a sou to die Nfrore his father, that an instauoe of it <s deemed worthy of special notice; and this first case of the reversal of nature's law was two thousand years after the creation of Ad am. See how Ibis reversal of nature's law has for us become the law; for how rarely jt is now for all the children of a family to survive tbe parents. Rachel died at the 'tfiith of Benjamin ; but this is tbe only case puerperal death mentioned in the twsnty- TOW jwoAreU years ol ibeaaered history; a nd even this happened during the fatigue* of a patriarchal journey, when persons were not walled along in thq saloons of a rail car or steamboat. Had Adam, think you, tuberoulous lungs; wss Eve flat chested, or did .she cultivate tbe serpentine line of grace in a curved spine ? Did Nimrod get up in ' the.morning with* furred tongne, or wss be tormented with dyspepsia? Had Esau the gout or hepstisis? Imagine how the tough old Patriarchs would have looked st being asked to subscribe for a lying io hospital, or an asylum for lunatics, or an ey and eat in firmary, or a school for idiots or deef-mutee. What would their eagle vision and swift fooledness have said to the projeet of a blind asylum or an orlhopedto establish ment? Did they suffer any of these rava ge* of nature agaiust false civilization ? No 1 Man Came from the hand of God so perfeot in hit bodily organs so deflaieni of eoUl aud , heat.fi drought end humidity, so surcharg ed with -UttJ force, that u 'ook more than two thSnsand year* of the combined abom inations of appetite snd ignorance; it took successive ages of outrageous excess and ds baucbery, to drain oA his electric energies and make him even accessible to disease; aud Iheu it took ages mora to breed ail these vile distempeis which now nestle like ver min, in every organ and fibre of our bodies. Daring alt this time, however, fatal caus es were at work which wore away and fi nally exhausted the glorias end abounding vigor of the pristine race. At least ss ssrly ss the third generation from Adam, polyga my began. Intermarriages were all along the order of the day. Even Abraham mar ried hi* half sister. The basest harlotry was not beneath one of the patriarehs. Whole people, like the Moabites and Amor itee, were the direo*. frits of the combined drnokennea* and incest between father and daughter*. The highest pleasures sad for ce* of the race gradually narrowed down in to appetite and incontinence. At length its history became almost too shocking to be referred to. If its great men, ita wise men, its God-favored meu, like David, could be guilty of murder for, the sake of adultery, ot like Solomon eoald keep .* seraglio of a thousand wives and concubines, what black ness can bo black enough to paint th* par -3 traits of th* people they ruled, and the chil dren they begat ? After fits Exodus, exacts** gradually de veloped into diseases. First came, cutane* , ous distempers—leprosy, boils, elphaxtissis, Sir. , the common effort of nature to throw visceral imparities to the surface. As early t at King Asa, that right royal malady, lb* ■ gout had beer, invented. Then came con i sumption and the burning ague, and disor ders of tbe visceral organs, snd pestilences, or as the Bible expresses it, "great plegue* and ol long continuance; and "sore sick ness and of long continuance;" until, in the time of Christ, we ss* how diseases of all ' kinds had become the lot of mankind, by tbe crowds that flocked to him to be healed. And so frightful, so disgracefully numerous have diseases now become, that il w# ware to write down their names, in th* smallest legibly hand, on tbe smallest bits of paper, tbere would not be room enough on lbs hu man body to paste ths tables —Extract from Horace Mann's Inaugural Address. American vs. English Hotels. William Chambers Journsl of his trip to the United States, now going through his own press at Edinburg, contains as impar tial and truthful a statement of things iu tbi* country as we oould reasonably ask for. He is especially delighted with our hotels. He calls the Burnet, in this city a kingly ptaoa, and to the Astor he devotes an elaborate ar tidle. Two or three paragraphs we copy, to show that the slsndsrs of men like Captain Hamilton, and women like Trollope, are be ing put down ia the right quarter. He writes ' We oould hardly 'picture to ourselves a greater contrast than that between an old country and an American hotel. The two things are not in the least alike. Arriving at an inn in England, ycu are treated with im mense difference, allowed th* seclusion of a private apartment, charged exorbitantly for everything, and, at departure, curtsied and bowed out at the door, as if a prodigious fa vor had been conferred on tbe establish ment. In the United States, things are ma naged differently. The Americans, with some faults of character, possesses the sin gular merit of not being exclusive, extor tionate, or subservient. But where ail trav el, hotel-keepers can afford to act magnani mously. Instead of looking to a livelihood from a few customers, scheming petty gains by rnine- up a bHI for The use el can-ties, | firing, and other con veniencies, snd smooth ing everything over by a mercenary bow, the proprietor of an American hotel is a capitalist at the head of a great concern, and would despise doing anything shabby ; hundred poor into and out of his house dai ly, he notices neither yonr coming nor go ing ; without ceremony you are free of the establishment; and when you pay and de part, there are no bows, no thanks—but you are not fleeced; and that is alvraya felt to be a comfort. Speaking of our reputation for fast eating, be says: Here again, though looking for it day . after day, did I fail as on previous occasions to see the slightest approach to hurried eat ing, and as until the last moment of my stay in America I never saw soch a thing. I am bound so far as my observation goes, to say that the national reproach on this score, if it ever was true, is so no longer.— Calling for dishes, by printed bills st fare, a custom now all but universal, in reality renders any scramble unnecessary. So far from being harried, any man may draw out his dinner for an hour, if he pleases, and all ths time have a waiter in st tendance bis back to bring him whatsoever he de sires. I think il doe to the Americans to make this remark on a very common-place topic, aad likewise to say ot them, that their temperance at the table filled me with no liuleaurpriae. In the Jlarge dining parlor in the Aslor (as at other houses,) tbere wss seldom eeen more than one or two bottles of wine. Nor did any exoiting beverage seem desirable. A goblet of pure water, with ice was placed for the use of every gnevt, and in indulging in this simple potation, I felt how little is dons in England to promote habits of sobriety by furnishing water, at tractive alike for it* brilliant purity and oool nea. t,. " Tit# bar at the AMor, an exohange J|4 H way, was sometimes tolerably crowded, but 1 never taw so many as a dozen at • time engaged in drinking. The greater number did not drink at all, it being oue of Ihe good points in those establishments, that you are left to do exactly as you like. No one heeds you, or carss for you, any more tbaa in a public street. A unit in the mare, your (fo xy is to mind yourself; reek out all requis ite information for yourtelv* and in all thing* beyond the rotine of the house help your self. Individuality in these hotels is out of the question—opposed to tbe fundamental principle of the concern, wbioh is to keep open house on a wholesale plan. You are lodged, fed, aud in every other way attend ed to by wholesale, just as a soldier in a bar rack iaaupplied with houseroom and rations. Any man pretending to ask for e dinner in a room by himself would be looked up on as a liuuilia : end when people do such a foolish thing, they have to pay hand somely for invading the sacred practice of the houke. How otherwise eoald each gi gantic establishments be conducted? Al though crowded to tbe door, everythieg ?;oes on with minute regularity, like a flne y adjusted machine. He wind* up hi* unqualified praise by stating that tha American hotel ia not * house but town. NUMBER 28- The War to t unaeaci. The following m iha testimony of a dis tinguished and eery weskby New York merchant, of hiow to commence meking a ' fortune tod bow to posh along: "I entered a store and asked if a clerk waa not warned- 'No,' in a rough tone, was the reply—ell twin- toe busy te kethae With me—when 1 reflected if they did not want a dirk, they might want a lalorer, hot aa | | was dressed too fine Tor that, I went to my lodgings, pat on a rough garb, and the next day, weot into the came store, and deman ded if they did not want a potter, and a gain 'no,' waa tbe response; when t exclai med in daepair almost, 'not a laborer 1 Sir, I will work at any wages. Wages is not my objeot. I most have employment, and I want to be useful in business.' These last remarks attracted their attention, and in the and, I was employed ae a laborer, in the basement, and tab cellar, at a eery low pay, aoaroety enough to keep body and soul to gether. in the basement and sab cellar, I soon attracted the attention of the Counting room ; and of tbe high clerk. I saeed e noogh for my employers in lutle things was ted, to pay my wages ten times over, and they soOn found it out I did not ark for any ten hour law. ' If I was wanted at 3 A. M., I was there, and eheerfully there ; or if I was kept till 2 A- M., 1 never growled ; bnt told everybody to go home and I will Me everything right,' I loaded off at day break, packages lor tbe morning boats, or carried them myself. In short, I soon became in dispensible to my employers, and I rose ami rose—and rose, till I became head Of the bonse, with money enough, as yon see, to give me any luxury, or any position a mercantile man may desire for himself or children in this great city." The Coed ft (en of the Country. Tbe Pennsylvania Inquirer, a leading whig papet, in a recent article upon tbe above subject, says : We repeat, (he Republic at large is sound, especially the commercial and manulaotnr ing classes, and the check that has been given to legitimate pursuits will prove but temporary. Let us look at the facta. 1. Tbe National Treasury it full to over flowing. 2. The Government baa just effected n treaty with Mexico, by which a right of way has been secured to the Pacific, and other important considerations and advanlagea. 3. The yield of gold in California contin ue* to be abundant, while Australia is con tributing its millions per annum to the |com mon stock. 4. The sdvioes from Europe are favorable, money was easier, and the demand for A mcricait securities was quite active. 5. A treaty with Japan has just been affeo ted, and is now before the American Gov ernment. 6. The crops throughout, the Union are full of promise, and the yield of grain !• likely to surpass that of any former season. The ohances are, that we sbalT have a sur plus of many millions of bushsls al our dis posal. 7. The manufacturing interests of Iha country are in the fulltide.of successful ex periment, and for most qualities of goods, the demand is quite eqnal to the supply. 8. Labor it everywhere active and obear ful, and the rates of wages have been ad vanced in almost every mechanical pursuit. 9. A Treaty of Reciprocity and for tbe ad justment of the Fishery Question, has been arranged between the United Siaies and Great Britain, and thns a source ot discord end apprehension will in all probability, be speedily removed. 10. Tbe Nation al large has not for many years experienced any reriona calamity, but has been rapidly increasing in resource* and extending in territory. 11. The Union is mora Grmly knit together than ever, and there are no signs ot discord or disaffection worthy ef note, in any aeo lion of tbe Republic. Jtelifieas Denominations. The latest authentic document, giving tbe aggregate and relative bumber of churches' of the various sects in tbe Doited States, ta the centos of 1158—from which the follow ing facts are gleaned : No. qf ChurcJus Value of Church Property. Methodist, 12,487 814,638,671 Baptist, 8,781 10,900.382 Presbyterjan, 4,584 14,389,889 Congregational, 1,416 7,970,862 Episcopalian, 1,474 18,261,970 Roman Catbolie, 1,1 It Number of ehurcam. 36,011; aggregate accommodation, 11,489,838; average ac commodation, 384; total amount of ohmcb property, 886,416,637. WW The proprietor of the Pittsburg Journal employe eight female composi tors. . . _. WW Mankind may be divided Info two classes, those who cheat, and those who Mtn'B ,7V • • WW The Boston Journal notice* the occurrence ef twenty-six deaths by ohot era, in Richmond, Me, WW Health—Grest temperance, open air, easy tabor, little care. WW Extensive Locomotive Wotke are about to be erected at Duhkiifc, '