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The star of the north. [volume] (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1849-1866, September 21, 1854, Image 1

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X'W. Beaver Proprietor.] Tmtti and Bight God and ear Country. * [Two Dollars per iunMi
It published every Thursday Morning, by
11. W. WEAVER.
VTHCE—Up stairs, in the new brick building
on the south side of Main street, third
square below Market.
Tf.rms: —Two Dollars per annum, if paid
within six months from the time of sub
scribing ; two dollars and fifty cents if not
paid within the year. No subscription re
ceived for a less period than six months: no
Oisconlinuance permitted un'il all arrearages
are paid, unless at the option of the editor.
ADVRRTiSKMRNTsnot exceeding one square
will be inserted three times for one dollar,
and twenty-five cents for each additional in
sertion. A liberal discount will be made to
hose who advertise by the year.
. From the Mont rote Democrat.
One of the largest assemblages ever con
vened in this county; met at Montrose on
Tuesday the 29ih inst. At three o'clock in
The afternoon the multitude convened in
front of Ihe Academy, where a platform had
previously been prepared for the occasion.
The meeting was called to order by Hon. O.
A. Grow; whereupon, Hon M.C.Tyler was
chosen President; Amhert Carpenter, Cal.
I.eet, Lewis Brush, Isaso Reckhow, Thos.
Johnson, and Torry Whitney, chosen Vice
Presidents : and A.,J. Davis, chosen Secre
The President then introduced His Excel
lency, Wm. BiGt.r.R, who spoke upon the
topics of the day in his usual able and
statesman-like manner, baing Irsquently in
terrupted by cheers Irom ihe crowd.
The substance of hia remarks upon some
of the topics touched upon by him were as
"He first gave a general Yeview of State
affairs—spoke of the prosperous condition of
the Commonwealth—of the condition of her
finances, showing most clearly that but for
projects of expenditure commenced befoie
his induction into office, over two millions
of ihe public debt might have been paid with
in the last three years He declared himself
unqualifiedly against the construction of any
additional improvements by the State—that
individual enterprise and capital were equal
tothe accomplishment of all feasible schemes
of this kind, and that 'he people should be
no longer bnrihened with taxation for such
purposes. He next alluded to the monetary
condition of'lhe country—to the bank fail
ures which were daily heralded through the
newspapers, and said that it should not be
forgotten, when he came into office a pro
ject was on foot under the auspices of his
predecessor, a Whig Governor, to Introduce
fnio our state the Free—or to use the classic
language of the New York papers, the Wild
Cal System of Banking. He showed lhal
had this measure of Whig policy been a
dopted in Pennsylvania, and especially her
commercial Metropolis, would now be the
ecene of these commercial Ji,-asters—that
even had he yielded to the demands of the
Leg.slatnre for an extension of our present
system we should now be in the condition
of some of the surrounding slates. He de
fined his views and the Democratic policy
on ihe subject generally. He spoke Of the
loose system of granting corporate privile
ges in practice whec he came into ofhce—a
system which gave undue rights and advan
tages to capital, in its relations to labor—
that enabled tho shrewd and designing to
impose upon the honest and unwary. He
spoke most feelingly and eloquently of the /
Common School system. Said he had not
supposed that it would ever be necessary
for bine to define hia pesition upon this sub
ject, or repel the accusation, that Ihe democ
racy desired to make inroads npon the ays
tern, but be had mistaken, for there were
those who wem bold and reckless enough to
make the charge. He repelled it with feel
ing and manifest indignation, and declared
that be always had been, was now, and ev
er should be tho devoted friend of our com -1
mon school system—that it should be his
pride and 'pleasure to labor to perfect and
extend if, and he looked forward to the day
when the Commonwealth should, be prepa
red te provide for publio education of all
He nexl alluded to the temperanco cause
—to the effort that had been made to turn it
to political or pariizaq account. He said bis
position was defined in bis letter to thq itote
Temperance Convention. He de pin rod th.e
evils of intemperance, and was willing to
sanction any reasonable measure to miti
gate, and if possible, to exterminate the
y ice. But he could not pledge himself to
sanction a.lavv which he had never seen
He eould tibt under the obligation of hia
Ofth eay that a statute was. just and constitu
tional, not one word.pl which he had ever
seen ; and for this he had been ah need by
certain politicians and pretended tnmporerme
men. He stid the question had been refer
red to the people, and their voice would de
cide ao far as related to the policy of the
measure. Should they demand the law,
and 'the representative* of the people put it
in, o-consiitdiinnal form, neither he nor hia
opponent would have the moral courage to
reject it.
He next alluded to the strange politics}
dogmas promulgated by the Whig, Native
American and Know-Nothing Mayor of
Philadelphia, —to the effect that no citizen
not born ir. this oounrry, should be permitted
ip hold office; no matter how pure bi* char
acter, bow strong hi* love of country, how
valuable hia services. The accident of birth
wa* to deerfe the civil rights of the citizen.
IYe Anil not attempt to give an idea of the
biting sarcasm, and burning eloquence of
this par: of hia speech. ll was truly great.
He,exhibited the flagrant injustice of the
idea, denounced it as immoral,—as unjust—
as a proposition to disgrace our country, by
breaking the faith of our fathers as plighted
to the Constitution. The secret order of
"KnowNpthiogs,',' who embrace the doc
trine of Mayor Conrad, together with anoth
er dogma that seeks to proscribe citizens
from their civil rights, because of their re
ligious belief, was next reviewed and reject
ed as a most insidious, dangerous, and un
just measure. He enquired why a secret
and oath bound association was necessary
in this country, and argued that if there be
political or moral evils amongst us which
need correction, that it should be a day-light
business, that the end should be accomplish •
ed in a manner consistent with the Araeri- I
can character,.that they were out spoken
and gloried in the liberty of speech and the j
freedom of the press. He invoked all de
nominations nd all classes of people to
show by the constitution, that they had a
perfect guarantee ngatnsl encroachment
from any quarter. He should aland by it,
not for the benefit of one class or sect, but
for the sake of all.
The laws organizing the territories of Ne
braska and Kansas were nexl referred to by
the Governor. He said he wa# well aware
thai this was the absorbing topic in tho
Nor'hern part ol the Slate. He said that of
ficially he hnd no connection with Ihe sub
ject—it was not a part of the stewardship
for which he must account, that he had not
covenanted with Ihe people to organize ter
ritories,'"nor to control Ihe action of Con
gress on any sohject.—He should not claim
tor himself any of the honor thai might flow
from Congressional action on this or any
other subject, and he did not intend to bear
the responsibility, for this was the work of
members of Congress, and they must ac
count for it to their constituents—that he
should not ask them, or the President to
bear the responsibility of his errors of State
pofiry. He did his duty without consulting
them and they certainly did not and ougtit
not to lake his word as a rule of action on
any subject. He said he never had and
probably never could have a.iy official con
nexion whh this subject, and that it was
scarcely possible that the election of a Gov
etnor whoever might succeed, could have
any influence upon the future policy of those
territories. This much he thought it right
lo say as lo his olilrial relation to the ques
tion, but as a citizen and a member ot the
Demooralic party, amongst whom a diversi
ty of opinion exists on this subject he should
moat cheerfully say what he thought about
the question. He did not think his views of
special importance, for he tnade no preten
sions to e.xpeiience in National politics, that
from 1848 lo 1850, however, he had given
the slavery quesiion some consideratian.
That the national controversy growing out of
tl.e attempt to adjust the question of slavery
in the territories acquired from Mexico, ab
sorbed all other topios aud seemed for a
while to threaten the stability of our Na
tional Union. It was at that time lhal Oen.
Cess, Ihe pa.riol and statesman, proposed
the doctrine of non-iuterveniion, —that Con
gress should forbear to act on the subject of
slavery in the territories; and that the. whole
question should be referred to the people oc
cupying ihe territories ; that such territories
at the proper time should be admitted as
Stales with or without slavery as the people
i might decide. He eaid lhal he thought this
doctrine was wise and safe. He became its
advocate—that he had said so in 1851,
when travelling the State as a candidate.
All, however, remember that he endorsed
the Compromise measures of 1850. 1 bat
he was still the advooate of the dootrine of
non-intervention, —that he was willing to
trust the people with a question of morals
or politics,—lhal he had more confidence in
their judgment, patriotism, aod love of free
dom than he had in that of Congress. In
deed, if we were to believe half that is said
of the impressible character of that hody,
we should be compelled to regard it as un
safe on any and all quesiions. Ha tbonght
the reference of this vexed and dangerous
question to the people well calculated to al
lay Ihe axoitemeut and give greater stability
.to our national confederacy. And as to the
extension of slavery, he did not embrace
the doctrine of non-intervention, believing
that it would extend the institution,—he be
lieved just the reverse, that the tendency
would be to restrict, to drive it south of the
Missouri line. That suoh was hie estima
tion of the value of ihq Union, suoh hia ide
as of tb* blessings which il has bestowed or.
the American people—such the blessed in
fluence which our institutions were exerci
sing in Other parts of the world, that for one
he was willing to labor for its preservation
and be sacrificed if need* be to secure its
perpetuity. Its dissolution, in hi* opinion,
would be the mdst horrible calamity that
could befal both races, —it would be a sad
calamity to the North end the South, to the
master and to the slave.
He next-went on to eny that it had been
bis business to organize, the territories of
Nebraska and Kazsae, he should have dune
so in tbe terms of the Compromise acts of
1850, without disturbing the act of 1820, fixing
the Missouri line. Whilst he said this be
was also bound in caador to declare,that he
did not believe that the policy of the terri
tories would be different from what it will
be. upder the present taw—that he firmly
believed that slavery could not eif tend there
—that dine tenths of the people would de
cide against it—that tho laws of Nature
were not congenial to tho institution—that
some of the wisest opponent* of the meas
ure held this opinion. He said he never had
and never should seek to extend or strengthen
the institution of slavery that he regretted the
existence of the institution M sincerely as
any man; but he had and he should main
tain the clear constitutional rights of south
ern as well as t.iose of northern states. -He
should not acknowledge the overshadowing
influence talked about so much, whether
that influence eame from the south or the
north. To the question by some one m the
crowd, whether slavery did not exist in Ihe
territories at this time, he replied that It did
not—that individual slaves might be there
doing what white men directed them to do,
but the institution woe not there in any legal
form and could not be wilkoul express lecal lav.
that it had no legal existence there—that
the constition of the United States, in his
opinion did not carry It there—that Con
gross had not and could not establish it there
—that it could only derive a legal existence
from the local law-mating power— that it was
a creature of law—that when the people of
the territories constituted a law-making pow
er—in tho shape oT a local legislature, that
power, andbhat only, could give the institu
tion legal existence in the territories—that
he sincerely believed and hoped that when
that power acted for those territories the in
stitution would be released.
He said ho was desirous of being sustain
ed or condemned on his own official acts—
but he could beg no question of the Whig
party—they had a right to make all the cap
ital they can out of the acts of any member
of the Democratic party, arid urge it as an
objection to all; but not so amongst mem
bers of the same parly—within the family
each should be held responsible for his own
acts. If Demooratic members of Congress
had voted wrong, that was iio reason why
Democrats should strike down a democratic
Governor if he has done right. Difference
on great national questions is very common.
We have "iffered üboui the Tariff, and now
aboul the Homestead bill, but that is no rea
son why we should reject the State admin
istration il it be a good one. This argument
might do for the Whigs bu: it will not an
swei for Democrats. If the democratic par
ly are defeated, it will be claimed all over
the Union as a Whig triumph, and nothing
more or less, except that the Whigs, 'Na
tives and Know Nothings may dispute as lo
who produced the result. He said he had
not been an agent in the repeal of the Mis
souri Compromise, aud ihose who cast iheir
votes for him did not therefore, by any fair
construction, endorse it. He would have
organized the territories, could tie have con
troled it, nr.der the act of 1850, and not dis
turbed tire Missouri line.""
A. J. DAVlS, Seci'y
Oaths and Obligations taken by James Pollock,-
and other members of the Ortlsr,
The following expose ol the prinoiples of :
the Know "Nothings, will be read with inter- ;
eut. The paS* rkrordd. Signs, &c., are Of no !
special moment. They may be changed
any day, and are changed. Anew pass
word was given out but a few days since. j
That which Ihe public are most interested
in. will be found below:
Abstract of thf ontlis ind princip'et of ths or
der of know nothings.
The candidate is first proposed by a mem -
ber of tire order to the ouunoil, without his
knowledge. Three negative voles black-ball
him. If elected he is secretly requested to
present: himself in the ante-room of the
council, when an officer appears from with
in, and administers lo him the following
oath :
"I, —— , do solemnly swear npon this
sacred volume (or cross) before Almightv
God and these witnesses lhat I will not di
vulge any question proposed to me litre, wheth
er I become a member of this order-or not ; and
lhat I will never under any circumstances what
ever mention the name of any person I may see
present during any of the meetings, or that /
know of any such order being in existence, and
lhal I will a true answer make to arty ques
tions asked ol me,so help me God."
Which being seriously taken by tho can
didate, the officer proceeds to propound the
following interrogations, before reporting lo
the council hi* fitness for initiation :
1. What is jiour name I 2. Whatiaynnr
age 1 3. Where is your residence I 4. In
your Religions belief are yot a Roman Cath
oliol 5. Where wereyoo borni 8. Where
were j our parents bornf* 7. Did eilher of
yout ancestors take pan in the American re
volution 7 8. Are you willing to use all the
influence you possess in favor ol native-born
American citizens for all' bfficea of honor,
trusi, or profit in the gift of the'poopls; and
do you promise to vole for them lo the ex - 1
elusion of all aliens and foreigners, ynd Ro
man Caihoflcs in particular, for all local,
Slate, or government offices! 9. Who invi
ted you to be present on this ocoasion ?
If the candidate's answers are satlsfaotory
to these questions, he is taken into the coun- 1
cil by two officers, led up to the President of
the council, who administers the following
oath in thejflrJf degree :
"I, —, voluntarily and freely do
solemnly promise hnd swear, before Al
mighty God and these witnesses around me
assembled', thit I will nol, under any cif
oumstances whatever, divulge or make
known to any person or persons, either di
rectly or indireoily or to any human being
other than those I shall know lobe good
and true members of this order, the name,
secrete, mysteries, or objects of the same ;
or caose or allo-r the same to be don# by
others if within my power to prevent the
same ; bindipg myself under no less penal
ty than that ot being excommunicated from
the order, and having my name posted and
circulated throughout the different councils
of the order as a traitor and perjurer to bdth
my God and country, and being unworthy to
be employed, intrusted, countenanced, or
supported in any business transactions what
ever, and as a person totally unworthy ol
Ihe confidence of all good men, and one at
whom the finger of scorn shall ever be
pointed. I further more promise that, if I
should hereafter be expelled from br volun
tarily leave this order, I will consider this
obligation as binding out of it as in it. All
of which foregoing I voluntarily and freely
subscribe t. to help me {JmljP.
The candidate is then led to In officer cal
led Ihe Judge advocate, who hksanguea him
afler this manner. (I'here are generally
half a dozen or more initiated together.)
"MY BROTHER : The order which has
now received you as a member may with
all propriety be be considered a secret or
ganization.—lt is so secret in fact, that if you
were placed befoie a legal tribunal, and
there sworn to tell the truth, the whole truth,
and nothing but the truth, you could not for
your lives reveal the name of that band ol
brothers among whom your name now
stands enrolled ; and further than this, when
yoi) retire from this meeting, you will ret urn
to your families and friends as ignorant as
when you came, as far as the name ol this
order is concerned.
"In common with ourselves, you 'know
nothing,' and let it be. your stern resolve
through -life to 'know nothing' that will at
all conflict with the high and exalted duties
you owe to your Go'd, your country, and
yourselves, so far as regards the preserva
tion of American liberty, which can alone
be secured to ourselves and our children Dy
the entire and absolute exclusion of all for
eign influence in those matters which ap
pertain to our government policy.'
After the delivery of this patriotic address,
the candidate is referred to the instructor
who teaches him the signs, and grips, an d
in what manner to obtain entrance into the
council. He is then master of the first de
gree and signs his name to the register. it
lie behaves well two week, and il is conce
ded thai he will do to become-a full-blooded
know-nothing— abstains from ail blab out
side the council—his friends propose birr;
for the second deliree. Altec election l"
ll. degree, he and ol bets .-up gguugbl >j
and take the following oath : if
.-j, t do solemnly, promise anil
swear before Almighty Goil add these wit
nesses,that I will not. under any circuui
siances, divulge ot make known the name
of this order, or its objects, to any person
persons in the world, unless to those uliom
I may k low to belong to this order, in g"ud
and regular standing.
"And I furthermore promise od swear
that 1 will neither write, pt'.iit, cut, carve,
ertgrave, emOOss,stamp, stain, or mark any
secrets of this order on anything movable or
immovable on the earth or sea, whereby
said se crels, or a"y part It.ereof, die name
of the order, its operations, die names of n
officers, or ihe names of its members, or its
place of meeting, may become, known to
those who have not received tire first and
second degrees of this order -en doe lorm ;
not will I cause or permit the same to be
done il within my power to prevent the
"Ar.d 1 furthermore promise and swear
that 1 will always conform to the will of the
majority of the members of this order in the
selection of a candidate to fill every office of
honor, profit, or trust, within the gift of the
people, provided such candidates shall have
been born of American parents, on Ameri
can soil, and shall have been educated in A
tnerienn institutions : and that I will uss all
the influence I may possess to elect all such
cartdidwtes whom 1 may know to be oppos
ed to alt foreign influence, Popery, Jesuit
ism and Catholicism, without any hesitation
on my part whatever. And 1 fortheimore
promise and Bwear that 1 will elricllv con
form to and abide by the oath I have now
taken, and that 1 will strict ooedience pay to
the constitution, la ws, ritual, and edict* of
the honorable grand ooui cil ot this order, of
the Slate of , and tothe by-laws of
council, No.—, to which I now belong, or
to those of any other grand or subordinate
council Irom which 1 may hereafter hail,
binding myself under the no less penalties
than ate attached or belong lojhose who vi
olate the oath of tho first degrlt of '.hit or
der. All '.he foregoiug I voluntarily and
freely subscribe to of my own free will and
accord, so help me God !"
This candidate it also led off to the judge
advocate, and afterward to the instructor : but
tbeir speeches and lectures era not inserted
here for Want of space.
Obligation Third Degree.
"I, ii, kneeling before God, my
Maker, my left hand upraised towards Hea
ver, rtry right hand grasping the flag of my
native land, of my own free will and accord,
do solemnly and aiheerely promise, declare,
and swear, that I will never eommunioat*
a r iy of the seorets ot this degree to any per
son or peisone in tho world, except within
the body of a legally organized oouncil of
this order, or to a known Brother of this de
gree, and hot unto them until I am well as
sured that they are just and upright breth
ren, who are legally entitled to receive the
same. I also promise and swear that I will
due obedience pay to the constitution; laws,
and edlots of the honorable grand eouuoil of
the State of, and to the Ms whioh
govern council No —, so far as they may
come to ray knowledge- <
"I also promise and swear that whenever
I may vote, at any election, that rote shall
in all rases, be given for native-born Auaeri
can citizens or.ly, and that I will ever seek
the political advancement ol those men who
are good and trot members of this ordor.
"1 also promise and swear that this and
all other obligations whioh 1 have previous
ly taken in this order shall be kept through
life saored and inviolate. 1 alio promise
and swear lhal whenever I may bear the
sign or see the signal of distress given by
any bro.her of this order, 1 will hasten at
once to his immediate relief at the peril of
my own life.
: ' "I also promise and swear that I will Oder
contribute my means, In such sums as I can
spare without personal inconvenienoe, to the
advancement of our views and to the exten
sion of American principles through the me
dium of the grand council of Ihe State of
"I also promise and vwear that I will nev
er permit a spurious or clandestine member
o' this order to participate in any of the
benefits or the advantages thereof, and that
I will never encourage, countenance, up
hold, recognise, or support a spurious or
clandestine council of this order.
"To all these and those I do most sincere
ly promise, declare, and swear, binding my
self under no less a penally than that of
having my grave trampled on by foreigners,
and lo have my memory cursed by my
children and rny children's children as a
traitor lo their welfare, to my country, and
to my Gnd. So help me God, and witness
my obligation."
Tire judge advocate then addresses the
new initiated brethren in this degree as fol
lows ;
"My Brothers: The different obligations
you have taken in this order, through it*
different degrees, must have convinced you
lhal all who claim to be American citizens
have certain important duties to perform
Inwards llremstvs ami to society at large,
which dunes cau in no instance be set a
side or annulled without a palpable viola
lion of (be dearest rights and privileges
which as an admirer ot republican freedom
euch and every member ol oar organization
would wish to enjoy.
"The peculiar lormation of our order is
such and us devious to accord with the
wi-ties of it- member*, that by a system of
cuueeued ac ion on the |<o of our brother
hood. we enn bring about a sertsv of practi
cal results \x\ our governmental policy lhat
would i.i any other light be deemed wholly
impracticable. imtrpW and alone, 't is
vain to contend again*! the hydra headed
inon-ters ot .leoi'isrn and Catholicism ; but
united in one common cause, deterrr.ir.eo to
secure the liberlir- of our native land as all
hazards, or perish m the attemp', we can
not fail of Oiir'cun-e is a righte
ous une, die motives which actuate u* are
of no ordinary character, and we trust tha:
no brother among Us wdl ever be found ab -
sent Irom hi* post in the hour of danger."
The caridiTlaie is then agam taken to the
instructor, who gives him signs, pass-words,
and grips of this d-gree.
He pays n dime to the secretary at the in
itiubon 111 each decree and finy cent* on
first entering the .ante room tor exauinrauo.i.
After the third degree has been thus ad
ministered, ihe secretary gives him a travel
ling card like this:
John Smith is a member in good standing
of Molly Stark Council, No. 40, of the Stale
of —.
JOHN STILES, Secretary.
Molly Stark Council,
No 40, [•]
This card is carried in the pocket-book,
and adm tsa member into any council in the
Slate. ...
The Democratio Conferees of the 12th
Congressional District assembled at the
houve of George P. Steele, iu Wilirea-barre,
on Tuesday, September 12, 1854, and or
ganized by appointing
Col. JOHN McREYNOLDS, ol Columbia,
President, and
JOHN JACKSON, 'of Wyoming, and SAMUEL
P. COLIINOS, of Luzerne, Secretaries.
The names of the Conferees weie iher.
cafled, when lire following gentlemen an.
swerud as the representatives from their re
spective counties, viz;
Montour —John Deen, jr., Frederick Blue.
Columbia —John Mcßeynolds, Hudson 0-
tven, subsisted by C. F, Mann.
Lvxern —Thomas Irwin, Samuel P. Col
IFyomitig—John V. Smith, John Jackson.
On motion, recess for fifteen minutee—
Conference reassembled.
The president stated the first business in
order to be th* nomination of a candidate
lot- Congress.
John Deen, Jr., of Montour county _noml
nated Hendriuk B. Wright.
John V. Smith, of Wyoming coanty, nom
inated Robert R. Little, of Wyoming.
A motion was then made by Mr Deen,
Jr. that the nominations now close, which
being seconded, was agreed to.
On motion ol John V. Smith, it was re
solved thaft the Conferee* proceed to take a
vol* for candidate*.
John Deen, Jr., F. Blue, John MoSevn
olds, Hudsoa Owen, Thomee Irwin, Samuel
P. CoUipge, six, voted tor Heodriok B,
John V. Smith and John Jackson, two, vo
ted for Rsbsrt R. Little.
Whereupon it was declared by the Presi
dent that Hendriek B. Wright, of Luzerne
oounly, was duly nominated as the regular
Democratic candidate for Congress nf this
Congressional district.
On motion of Mr. Blue of Montour coon
Resolved, That we will individually sup
port the oaodidsle this day put In nomina
tion for Congress—and will use 411 honora
ble means to secure bis election. Unani
mously agreed 10.
The following resolutions were then read
and unanimously adopted :
Resolved, That in obedience to Ihe will of
Ihe people of tin*.district, expressed with a
unanimity heretofore rarely exhibited, we
have this day placed in nomination for Con- (
cress the candidate clearly indicated by
them in their primary assemblages, Ihe Hon.
HENDKICK B. WRIGHT: that in making
ibis nomination it affords us great pleasure
to declare that judgement acoords with du
ty in earnestly recommending him lo the
hearty, cordial and individual support of the
whole Democracy of this District; that he
has nobly and faiilifully vindicated their in
terests upon every question which came be
fore the late Congress, in sustaining the uni- j
form policy of the Democracy of this Dis-j
Irict lor more than thirty yeafa: that he has
fairly and honorably earned a rich title to
i their endorsement and applause, which if
llisy are true to themselves and their uni
formly declared views—to their future secu
rity ahd their best interests, they will honest
ly accord to him; and that we have an abi
ding faith in the integrity end intelligence of
the people which prompts us to believe that
they will nobly and triumphantly sustain an
upright and faithful public servant.
Resolved, That in the large intelligence,
generous impulses, and frank and cordial
character of their nominee for Congress, the
Democracy have a guarantee, lhal he will
represent the interests and maintain the
character ol this 1 istrict honorably and
ftilhfully in Congress : lhal the only ration
al objection ever heretofore urged for with
holding any portion of Democratic support,
was fairly removed by his upright and hon
orable course during the late session of Con
gress: and that any opposition, from the
same quarter, lo his triumphant re election,
under the fair and honorable nomination en
joyed by him, would be an act of unjustifi
able persecution, an exhibition of personal
spile and malignity with which no honest
Democrat can sympathize, and calculated to
clothe with dark suspicion tho former mo
tived avowed by its authors.
Resolved, That we heartily congratulate
the Democratic parly of this district upon
the harmony and onncord prevail in g in its
ranks, giving rich promise of present and
fu.ure triumphs, and the vindication and
permainent ascendency of its cherished prin
Resolved, That we recognize in the pres
ent auspicious and harmonious condition of
lire Democratio parly a recurrence of the
ai'.rioua era of 1834—twenty years ago to
it.iy—when, standing shoulder lo shoulder
under ihe admiuislraiion of ihe hero of New
Orleans, in peace and union, was perfected
dial organization whioh has swelled the
ranks of a then struggling party a mighty
multitude—has achieved victory upon vio
tory—has withstood and broken the rage of
federal abolition madness, and has made
Northern Pennsylvania, the fortress and buli
wark of the Democracy of lire Common
Resolved, That the patriots of ihe Ravolu
lion in achieving and establishing the free
dom and independence of these Slates, vin
dicated and asserted the great principle of
popular sovereiguty aud equal rights as af
firmed and declared in the late acts of Con
gress, organizing the tetritories of Nebraska
and Kansas : that nature, and nature's God,
appeals to the virtue, the integrity and in
telligence of the people ,to guard this pre
cions principle as the ark of the covenant of
thdlr safely : and lhat the sufferings, the per
ils and the blood of tho Revolution, will
have been wasted in vain and tbe dearest
hopes of man on earth yielded up when
this great principle is sacrificed.
Resolved. That the Missouri Compromise
was an act or usurpation by Congress, and
a fraud upon the people of these States:]
that Congress is sworn lo uphold the Con
stitution and not to interpolate or destroy it :
that any acquiescence In, or submission to, l
charges of the fundamental law by Con
gress, would be in the last degree danger
ous to the liberties of the people : and that
the repeal of the Missouri compromise was
a wise and necessary measure to efface from
tbe statute books a precedent violation of
Ihe great charter of our indepencenc? and
to arrest further iinsidious encroachments up
on the great principle of popular eovereignty
and equal rights.
Resolved, That the apirit of misanthropy
and malevolence, animating the federal ab
olition party of this day, has no apology in
any eailhly existing evil, in any indicated
or imaginary duly, but has for il# basis a-
Jone a criminal recklessness, a ferocious
ambition and a low oovetousnese dewrving
of unbounded reprobation: tbatit is demon
strably b alaneing th# countlesa blessings of
this priceless Union, and the safety and hap
pines* of unbotn millions against tbe mou
sttoas indulgence of tbeir present appetite#
for plunder, for power and oppression : and
that ilia ekin to tket spirit which, joining
the esvag*, and iu the {Mb'of tho savage,
slow itwhaidmf. z
On motion of John Dean, Resptvcd^That
a Committee of three be appointed to fioti
fiy Col. HcNDftirx B. Whisht of hia nomi
nation. • • • , . •(.**•
Whereupon the President appointed John
Deen, of Montour county; Hudson Owen, of
Columbia county; end John it. Smith ef
Wyoming county, said Committee.
The Committee relumed end reported
tlial they ha*d performed their duty, and the!
Col. Wrioht would communicate bis accep
tance in writing.
On motion of J. V. Smith, Resolved, That
the proceedings of this Conference be sign
ed by the officers and published in all tha
papers of this Congressional District.
S7.&S& I
Luaeroe Democracy,
The following are the resolutions passed
at the late Democratio county convention
ol Luzerne
Resolved, That we have undiminiehed con
fidence in President Pierce, and do hereby
approve of the policy of his administration,
believing it lo be thoroughly democratic,
and in strict accordance with the precepia
furnished by Jefferson and Jackson.
Resolved, That the democracy of this coun
ty are in favor of a itriot construction of
the Constitution; an economical adminis
tration of the government; a strong adher
ence on tbe part of Ihe Slates to control Iheir
own domestic affairs, that Congress has no
power lo interfere with the new territories
as to looal questions; and that the Stales and
territories are alike tree and independent to
legislate as the people thereof respectively
may please: that the quesiion of popular
sovereignly in slates or territories is a mat
ter over which Congress has no control
whatever. And we endorse in all their
length and breath the principles involved in
the late law erecting tbe territories of Ne
braska and Kankas.
Resolved, Thai we approve of the admin
istration of Gov. Bigler, and commend him
in strong terms to lire consideration of the
democracy of the stare, ami particularly to
the people of the county ot Luzerne; thai
his course, particularly in reference to ths.
completion of the North Branch Canal, de
mands our hearty support, and that be shall
have it.
Resolved, Thaj we will use all honorable
means to seoure the election of the Has
Jeremiah S. Blank for ihe Sopce-us Benoh,
a place which be has already oooupied with
so signal ability.
Resolved, That we approve the nomine,"
lion uf Henry S. Molt tor Canal Commi*;.
sioner, and will give him a generous aud
hearty suppori.
Resolved, That we fully approve and en
dorse the course of our Kepres emative (Col.
Wright) in Congress, and particularly for
his suppori of the Nebraska and Kansas
bill, ihe hill granting one hundred and sixty
acres of land to actual settlers; the bill gran-:
tujg bounty land lo soldiers of the late war
with Great Britain ; and for his opposition
to the River and Harbor bill, which receiv
ed lire Executive veto ; for bis opposition to
granting the publio lands to Railroad Com
panies; fur his opposition to squandering,
the public monies on the lines of Ocean
' steameis; for his opposition lo conlering
high lilies upon a military man, which wohld
have a tendency to create a mongrel order
of Nobility in the land ; and think he is en
tilled to a renomination and triumphant e
lection :o the next Congress—and we do
hereby pledge ourselves each to the other
to accomplish it.
Resolved, That with the new order catling
themselves "Know Nothings," we have no
affinity, no: can we sanction or approve
their object and design. We regard this as
sociation asanti republican, and well calcu
lated lo endauger the safely of the Union,
and the cause of liberty throughout tbe
world, and persecuting one sect at the cost
of the other; by producing hatred between
the native born and adopted citizen; by r
stablishing different grades in society when
the life principle of a republio is universal
equality, by appeals to tbe worst passions
of men. For these and other reasons tbe
democracy of Luzerne cannot countenance
this order. It is but the second edition of
the alien laws of the elder Adams, a meas
ure of policy uprooted and overturned in
the conflict of 1800, in the election of Mr.
Jeffer-on, and which slept during tha demo
cratic administrations ol Jefferson, Madison,
Mor.roe, Jackson, Van Bursn and Polk, and
is now about to make ao effort to again re
appear. It is in opposition lo k the rights of
our adopted citizens, and should not, and
cannot meet the favor of the great demo
oratic parly. Reason, intelligence and hon
esty forbid that any citizen, uative or adap
ted, should be proscribed on account of hie
religious faith, or lire place of his birth.
Resolved, That lo the ticket we have this
day put iu nomination we will give our
zealous and undivided support, and that we
will use all honorable mean* lo elect every
man on it.
James Pollock.
The Whig nominee for Governor bee join
ed in the cry of 'up with the negro and down,
with the foreigners I' First he joins a Know
Nothing association and tubsoribos to their
obligations: and then in a letter under date
of August 18, lo th* Abolition convention,
he cavoe is on the "nigger" quesiion and
beoomee their nominee also I
dT fellow who "took it eoely,"
; brought It back slightly heated. j

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