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VOLUME 6. TIE BfAt OF TIE HofcTH -ir published every Iters** Memtkag, kg ft. W. WEAVER. ■Off ICE—Up tlairt, fa Ike nete hrick building v on Ike eoutk fide qf Main tlreel, tkird vfvart Wow Market. Titer—-Two Dollars per annum, if paid within six months hem the time scribing; two dofhfre and fifty -cents if not paid within the year. No aubeoripften re ceived for a less period than six months: no discontinuance permitted o hre pstG'• ••!"■"""• - - AovaaTtswieKTs not exceeding one sjl" ,re Will be inserted throe times for one dollar, and twenty-five cents for each edditranifl in sertion. *• liberal discount wl be made to < hose who ydvertira by the year. rf— — <3B SB CD SB • iUoomebnrg, ptt- DAVIB LOWENBERG, CLOTHING STORE, on Main street, two doors above the 'Araewcen House." SIHOH DREIFUSS, & C. CLOTHING STORE in the 'Exchange Block,' opposite the Court house. EVANS ft APPLEMAN MERCHANTS.— Store on the upper pert of Main street, nearly opposite the Episcopal Church. sTcT S tilth', "MANUFACTURE* OF FURNITURE 1™ AND CABINET WARE.—Wareroom io Shive's Block, on Main Street. m ~ A. M. RUPERT* _ rvWNRR AND STOVE DEALER.— X Shop on South side of Main street, be low Market. JOSEPH SWARTZ. BOOKSELLER. Store in the Exchange Bloek, first door above the Exohange Hsl. _____ H'&ELVY, REAL & CO., M ERCH ANTS.—Northeast corneraiof Mn •!*■ od Market streets. JOHN 8 . STERNER. MERCHANT.— Store on South side o Main Street, second square below Mar kt. SHARPLESS ft MELICK, FOUNDERS ANb MACHINESTS. Boilil fogs en the aMey between the "Exchange and "Am.ii.M HwM. " R. W- WEAVER, ATTORNEY AT LAW.—Office on (he first floor of the "Star" Building, on Maiu street. BARNARD RUPERT, TAILOR —Shop on the South Side of Main , Street, first square below Market. MESHENHALL ft MENSCH, MERiifes Store North West corner of Market Streets. HIRAM C. EOWBRT DENTIST—Office near the |8 Academy oa Third Street. Gtauon's Pictorial Drawing ROOM gOJfIPASfIIOSJ* A lit cord of the Uuful und Beaultful in Art The object of the paper I. to present, in the most elegant and available form, a week ly literary meienge of notable events of the slay. Its columns are devoted to original tales, sketches and poems by the best Amer ican Authors, and the cream of the domestic and foreign news; tbe whole will be spiced with wit and humor. Each paper is beauti fully illustrated with numerous accurate en gravings, by eminent artists, of notable ob jects, current events in ell pans of the world, and of men and manners, altogether making • paper entirely original in iu design iu this country. Iu pages contsio views of every populous city in the kuown world, of all buildings of- not# in tha eastern or western hemisphere, of all prinoipal ships and steamers of the navy and merchant service, with fine and accurate portraits of every no ted character in the world, both male and fe male. Sketches of beautiful soenery, taken from Ufa, will also be given, with numerous specimens from the animal kingdom, the bird, of the air and the fish of tha sea. It is printed on fine satin-surface paper, with new and beautiful type, presenting in iu mechan ical execution au elegant specimen of art. It contains fifteen hundred and sixty-four square inches, giving a great amount of read ing matter and illustrations—a mammoth vrepkly paper of sixteen octavo pages. TERMS— lnvariably in Advance. I subscriber, one year, 83 3 subscribers, " " 5 n u II | 8 " " " 16 %• One copy of tbe Fleg of our Union,end ooe eopy of Gleasou'e Pictorial, one year for $4 00. BP* The Pictorial Drawing Room Com panion may be obtained et any of (be peri odical depots throughout tbe country, Sod of newsmen, at efa cents per single copy. Published every Setcrdey, comer of Tre aont sod Bromfield streets, by F. CLEASON, Boston, Mara. WHOLESALE AGENTS. 8. French, 161 Nassau, corner of Spruce at., New York ; A. Winch. 116 Chealnet si., Philadelphia; W. * H. Taylor, 111 Balti mOve St., Baltimore ; A. C. Bagley. corner of Fourth and Sycamore streets, Cincinnati; (\ A. Roys, 48 Woodward Avenue, Del toil; E. K. Woodward, oorner Fourth and Chestnm streets, St. Louis; Thomas Lunn, 40 Ex change Place, New Orleans. BUNKS! BLARKBI! BUNKS!!! DEEDB, SUMMONS, EXECUTIONS ' 7 ' and JUDGMENT NOTES, doner aninßßrable forms, fo- sale at tbe of *ce of the *'"*(01 of fhft North." BLOOMSBURG, COLUMBIA COUNTY, PA., THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 16. 1854. Am Original Pee as. WfalWM Tor (ha dedication of tha new Hall df ibe GaenrwooD SCHINABT, Oot. 7th, 1864, and read hy CATHAIINE A. BIT*. Without much effort ktagrandxhsplij. We now propose to signalice this day, By words and deeds such as befit the lime. In oral speech end unpretending rhyme. We bone by ibis to aid both young and old. To searoh for jewels of more woth than •gdia, , To dig for wealth fa faufflecftMft mine*. And draw out treasures from their dead con fines,. That thus they may all bidden things explore, And robe tpe IUIUC WW *-■ ""J* l '® lore, •Dispel the shades ef ignorance and wrong And learn fbose lawa which to our race be l°D S- .. . Here let the students of the neighboring P" ~G . ._ . Resort to win this handmaid of the arts ; Here let them strive their utmost to discern To leant to live while yet they live to learn ; Here may the various trails ef mind ex yrand To scatter learning broadcast o'er the land, Here may the tyro wend his onward course To trace the rills of learning to their source. Here may tlie j*rln of after years repair To seek for Aowledge and its garlands wear, Here may the mind fiat! scope foe all its powers White u explores this noble worlJ of ours; Here may true science and the arts combine, To serve the purpose of their wise design, Here may true freedom ever find a friend To speak for justice and its claim, defend. Here may ;ho cause ol temperance AgdLot peace Extend their sway and advocates iTreraaeo, *tOr mif these walls in time thtl's /.fit le come Be o'er poluted by the fumes of ram ; Hence may tobacco and Hsslenoh be haded, As burn its intense in the ourer world, jtipeds only metk their filthy coarse Wm spout its venom with hydraulic,feroa. And here in future may we ever fiqd Our noblest aim Iba culture of the Mind, i With chriftian virtue for pur daily food That all may atrive to be both wise and good. - And may good deeds whioh time can ne'er efface, Extend in love to all the human race. And now we dedicate our hum Me hall Iff all its patte, the floor and rnef and wall A temple serve the needs of youth fleered to eHuce, liberty end Train. Every Una bis Uwu Lawyer—Sell De fence Tlromphaut. At the last term ol tbe Orange co. (N, Y.) court, tbe following case was tried, upon whictl the jury was addressed by the defen dant, who bad couctuded to appear in bis own defence • The people ve. fames Alerton. —This was a very interesting case, rendered so from the fact that tha defondant acted as "hia own lawyer" on the trial, without having the ad vantage of being one of the legal fratetnity. -His "summing up," of which we are able to give nearly a verbatim report, with the exception ol the "acting," was decidedly rich, and afforded much amusement for the legal gentlemen present. The feots, as di vulged upon trial, are briefly as follows : The defendant is in the employ of Ibe Mon gaup Valley, Forratteburg and Port Jervi* plank road company. He and the com pla:nt, Mr jDodder, are near neighbors. On a Sunday in February last, tbo defend ant saw the complainant in tha act of beat ing his [defendant's] cows along the high way, and as an inducement for him to quit, hurled a few stoues at him, one of which, as tha complainant testified, struck bim on the back. The testimony being concluded, the defen dant addressed the jury as follows. GBHTLEMH Of THH JOBVI— I don't know much about law, and since tbe trial has been going on I have concluded that I ought ;o know a little more. I ought to upoligise perhaps for appearing ia my own defence, and will do so by telling you, that I feed one lawyer end hired another, in this o ase, but they both came up missing when I needed them most. I suppose I might have secured the sevices of tome of these other 'limbs of the law,' that I see aroond me, but having been cheated by two of 'em, I concluded to go i, 'on my own hook,' tnd here I am I I wen tlo tell you, gentlemen, before I go further, that it is not my fault that this case is here taking op the time of this hororable court. 1 think you will give me credit for telling the truth, when I say that it ought to hava been tried before a justice of the peacei it being better adapted to the capacities of such a court than tbia one. After this diffi culty Dodder did gel a warrant for me from Bqnire Cuddeback, over in Deerptrk. He then charged that I had assaulted him, but five or six mouths has freshened his mem ory, and he now says that 1 assaulted and battered bim. 1 believe there ie some dif ference between the two charges. Dodder rays he swore to the complaint before Sqnire Cuddeback, and I leave it for you to say whether be telle tbe truth now in raying that 1 bettered bim. 1 was taken by a constable before the squire, and either be cause the justice was ashamed of what he bed already done, or hadn't time to attend to it, I don't know which, it wool down - Two or tbsee weeks after that I was arrested age is, end my wifo having been confined, I thought it best, as a dutiful husband, to be aroood hum, ao 1 got rid of it by giving se curity for my appearance to court. You know, gentlemen, that I am in the employ of the Mongaup Volley, For rest burg end Port Jems plank road company, as a gate keeper. This company, it seems, bad sufficient confidence iu my integrity and hooesty as to plaee me in that imperteot sta tion, and even if 1 should receive 83000 and r steal 81600 ol U, that's between me end the company, and it's none of Dodder's business. •Now when the company sent me up along thi a road 10 collect loll*, this Dodder was ona of iba inhabiianle I fooad theia in Ibe woods, and 1 will ay for bias tbat be ie a very (air apectmen Of Che reat Of ibe popula tion. Vot there ian't any ef rbent that seem to appreciate all the benefits of tbia plank mad.. ' It lei out to civilisation a claaa of people who oevert*fore inetmod the "Woe (bat there was each a thing as vfrfltoed life, and this- Dodder ia one of them. It is a foot, tbat soon after I moved there, a young woman aeven teen yeara old, cum down out of the moun tains on the p!:"- 7X2, ~r i she bad never been out before. She fairly eeemed surprised to see a white man, and after asking a few questions wont hook into ibe weeds. This Dodder ems fay nearest neighbor, and a good deal nearer lb so I wonted him, end I hadn't been there long, before I heard fie bed been lying about me to one of the directors, and I soon found oat that he wanted to get bia eon, who wee sworn here against me, in my place. Bat be hestt'i done it yet, end if you don't convict me, I reckon he won't very reen. It wont take long to dispose of Dodder No. 2. lie testifies that he saw me throw dime atones at bis father, and saw the "old man dodge." On his cross examination he says, that he was in nis own house in the the woods, and be had to look over a t.ill twenty fee' high, and also over three slab fences and two stone walls. Welt, if he tolls the truth, all! wiah is that I had young Dod der's eyes. is certainly a remarkable boy and consistently deny his "father." I am wiffingto admit that I done wrong to throw stones at Dodder, and I apologise to aH the world and this county partionlarly, for it. The deotors tell us that there are 'tiro causes for /II diseases, predisposition and excitability; I think it was the latter cause thst moved tne to stone Dodder. I there fore conless myself guilty of the assault, but the battery I deny ; and if you find me guil-1 ty of the battery I will appeal from the de cision to the Court of High Heaven itself be fore f will submit to it. Now, geutlemen; you saw Mr. Dodder and heard bim swear against me. I asked him a great many questions, and I was sorry to hesr him answer as he did. I might have asked him if lie didn't kill ray cat, and if he j d'do't stone my chickens, because tbey tres passed itt his woods, where actually the rocks sre so thick that the brake's can't find their way through them; but then I knew he would dteny ft, and It would grieve me to hear him. H admits that he was driving my three cows up the road, and that he struck at one of 'em, but says it was with a small switch. I have proved that this small switch was a pole about leu fet long and about tbiee inches across the butt end, and I have also proved (hat when he struck, the cow fell. It is true, my witness couldn't sweat tbat tbe stick hit her, he was so far off but lake tbe-blow and tbe fall together, and we caa guess the real. If you, gentlemen, should sea me point a gun at a man and pull the trigger, see the flash and bear the the report, ami at the same time see tbe man drop; I think you would ssy tbat 1 shot him, although you might not see (he ball strike I him. Nov, the fact it, gentlemen, that on San day I was laying on my lounge is my house, when my wifie said to me that Dodder was chasing my cows. I jumped up and pulled on my boots and went out of doors, and saw Dodder and the cows a coming up the road. It is true, he says he was not driving them bat says that he and the cows was bom going along the road in one direction, and this was as near at I could get hire to the cows or the truth, but it is proved that the cows were going ahead of bim and be was following after them, striking at them, with his little switch ten feet long and three inohes across the butt, and 1 reckon you'll think he was "driving" them. I aaug on' to him, "Dodder, stop!" but he didn't o bey my order, and I just threw e stone in itst direction, which went about then feel over his head ; at the same lime going lo watd him, while he was coming toward me. He paid no attention, and I sung out again "Dodder, stop!" still be didn't mind me, end then I just threw another stotte; but on he came, and on I want, and I threw the third alone, which he saya hit him in the back of bis neck, but which I think is rather strange, as we were going forward each otbar aa fast as we could go. But he never slacked up, and by this time we were with in about eight feet of each other. I halted and hollered at the top of my voice, "Dod der, why in don't you etop!" about then he did stop, and raised hit ten foot switch as if to ttrika me—l sang out: "Mr. Dodder, look out I YOII may wollnp my com, but if you wollup me with that twitch you'll wollup an animal that'll book !" [Here the orator made an appropriate ges ture of the head, as in tha act of booking, which was followed with tumultuous shouts and laughter, that continued several min utes. J Now, gentlemen, if yon convict me, this court can fine me $250 and jug me for eix months, and if you really think I ought to be convicted of this assault, say to, for I am in favor of living up to the laws, as long as they are laifr, wnelberit is the fugitive slave law, the Nebraska bill or tbe excise lews. I wiU read yon a little law, however, which I beve just seen in a book here—(the speak er here picked op a law book Aid read ft* follows:) ' Every man has a right to de lend himaelf from personal violence." Now I can't know whether this is law or not, bat Trath art I find it in a law book. (A veteran mem ber of the bet who waa tilling near ;he spea ker, remarked to bim that it waa good law.) Now if yon will lorn la Barbour something page 399, yon'il find that the tamo doctrines is applied to caulo— (groat laughter.) There fore I lakh it, I bad a right to defend nay cowa against Dodder's tea foot switch. Why gentlemen, neatly all tny wealth is ioveated in them tbiae cows, and yoe can't wonder that I became a little eaoited when I saw Dodder switob.ng then with bis ten foo 1 pole. lam a peer man, and have a family, eensianng of a wife and sic chil dren, which 1 reckon is doing pretty well for as small a man as I am, and 1 oould not afford to let Dodder kill my coars. " Now, geutlemen, I itoo't believe vooll convict me, after what I have said. But if yon do, and this court fines me $950, " I •ball repudiate," 'beoanse I cannot pay."— and if I am jugged for six months, why these Dodders will have it all their own way op there. But notwithstanding alt this, I am willing to risk myself la your hands, and if yon think I onght to have stood by and not dene when I saw Doddor hammer ing my cows, w%y thee 1 am "gone in" tola gata and It is true, I am a poor man, but not ft mean one. The name of Allenon oan be traoed to the May Floater ; when she landed the Pilgrims on Plymouth Rock, among the passengers was a widow, Mary Allerton, with foor fatherless children, and I am de scended from that Puritan stock; and from that day to this, theie has never - lived an Allerton who hadn't Yankee spirit to stop a Dodder from poling his oows. JTm done." (Here Ibe laughing and shooting were exceedingly boisterous, in which all participated, and it was several minutes, despite the repeated cries of "order," by the con rt, before order coold be restored.— Oar eloquent and usually unvanquisbable district attorney, fearing to cope with so for midable an antagonist, merely remarked : " It is a plain Asa*," See., and left it to the jnry, who promptly brought in a verdict of ''Not Guilty." Mr. Allerton certainly da* serves judicial promotion, and we more that be be appointed crier of the coart. WORK, WORK. I have eeen and hoard of people who thought it beneath them to work—to employ themselves industriously at tome useful la bor. Beneath them to work I Why, work ( is the great motto of lite ; and be who ac complishes the most by his industry, is the most truly great man—sye, and is the most distinguished man among his fellows, too— And the man who forgets his duty to him self, his fellow cresioren, and bis God—who so lar forgets the great blessings of life, as to allow his energies to stagnate in inactivily and uselessr.ess, hid better die for says Ho ly Writ, "Ho that will not work, neither shall he eat." An idler is a encumberer ol the ground—a weary curse to himself, as well as those around hint. Beneath human beings to work ! Why, what but the continued history that brings forth the improvement that never allows him to be contented with any altiretneni be may have made—of work that ne may have ef feoteil, what but this raises icau above the brute oreation, and, under Providence, sur rounds bim with comforts, luxuries and re finements, physical, moral add intellectual blessings? The great ora tor, (he great poet) and the great scholar, are great working men. Their vocation is infinitely more laborious than that of the bandicraftman* ; and the student's life has more anxiety than that Of any other man. And all without the perse verance, tbe intention to real industry, cannot thrive. Hence the number of mere preten sions to scholarship, or those who have not strength and industry to be real teholara, bat stop half way, and are smatterars,a shame to the profession. Beneath human beings to work! Look in the artist's studio, tke poet's garret, wbare tue genius of immortality stand* ready to seal hia work with an unneffaceable aignet, and then you will only see industry standing by bis aide. Beneath human beings to work I Why, I had rather that a child of mine should labor regularly at tbe lowest, meanest employ ment' than to waste ita body, mind and soul, in folly, idleness, and nielesaneas. Batter to wear out in year, than to rust out in a century. Beneath human being* to work I, Why what but work baa tilled oar field*, clothed our bodies, built our bouses, raised our chur ches, printed our books,cultivated ear minds and soul* 1 "Work out year own salvation" says the inspired Apo* lie to tho Gentiles. EXTRAORDINARY WOMAN.— Iii the coenly Harrison, Missirippi, lives a ftypale hermit— a curiosity, indeed, of her sex, because prone to solitude and silence. She lives in a bouse the fabrio of her own bands, cultivates ber own fields, splits bar own rails, doss her own fencing, and tbe present autumn aha will have one hundred bushels ol corn to sell, and a few hundred busbets of potatoes, all tba products of her own unaided and indomita ble labor I She lives alone—no husband, nor children, nor neighbors nearer than three mi lea. BT Pedagogue: Well air. What does h-a-i-r apeil ? Boy : I don't know. Pod : What bave you got on onur bead i Bbjr, (scratcoing) guess it'* a mutkseter bite; it itches like thunder. Mr. Hokeke save it is much easier to botrow troubls than money. Know Ndthlegs and the Whig Party. Extract from Judge Agneto't Address to the Whigs of Renter County : "It is tight—it ia just—ia i< honorable, in the candidates of ane party seersKy to jolrs another, which requires of him a new oatb bound allegiance? Can he be a trustworthy or Safe man who extends the right band of friendabip to bia brethren on the ticket, clai ming their aupporl, ami with the left hand la aecretly stabbing them with bia vote ? What sort of honor or bonetly is that which cries to the Whigs for their voles, while it Healthfully robs tbem of its owr., and trans fers to another party the eclat and the bene, hia in UclSf" : The trcrtn Knew-?' draped out in tba falsa garo of the Whig candidate, moat prove untrue to the Wbigs by voting for Moll, Robinson and Thomp eon, or violate bis oath by voting against them. Let him take either born, be ia e trailer to either one or the other. No man can aerve two masters. He cannet warship God end the Devil, Withont assailing the order eff Know- Nothings, or its principles, we hold, there fore, that a proper regftW foi onrselvee as i individuals, and dbty to tbe Whig party, re- I quired of eh when informed of this corrup tion in £ur ticket, to take means to avoid its conseqaeccss, and prevent the betrayal of our cause. But we farther hold that the principle and the organisation of such a party to which our candidates had bound themselves, can not \fi defined. In a land of perfect free dom of opinion, of onrestraioed liberty of speech and of the prose, what can justify the sxistenoe of a secret oath bound party, whose aims are against a portion of the cit ■xens, whether they be Catholics, or all par sons of foreign birth ? Justice and fair dealing require that no man nor class of men shall be assailed in the dark, nor robbed of their coasiilotional rights. Secret combinations for this purpose approach so nearly to the crime of conspi racy, that thsy want but a tingle ingredient to make them amendable to law. If the Catholic religion be prostituted to political I purposes, let it be met openly and manfully, I by Protestants, and the grounds of complaint directly made. In a Protestant country, numbering nine to ever)' Catholic, truth need* not to be a fraid of the light If foreigner* have 100 large a ahare of otir affairs, truth eannol be •mothered wheu the native citizen* are se eo to one of foreign birth. Who, in a free and enlightened country; ha* ever heard of a party of honest aims and upright purposes being obliged to skulk from the light, meet* ing in the dead dark hour* ol night, in waste houses, the wood*, and deserted pla ces, filter for deeds of evil than of good ? Granting to it honesty of purpose; and we have no disposition to impute aught elce to many of the persons who have been inveig led into it, or have foolishly giveu war to their euriosily, or been impelled by their unconquerable deaire of offioe to enter it, bow cau such a party pievent being doped by its leaders, when all its proceedings must be made knowr. aud all its communications given Tram hand to hand, instead of being laid open thro' the press, by publio meet ings, aod free and unrestricted speech. Ineve rv county there are demagogues, ever on the alert to ride upon the topmost wave to office and to power,—designing men, who find their way into every society,even the church of God. Itenablea such men more eflectu ally to impose upon our onweary, and im plicate them in measure or in means of wbicb their judgement or conscience cannot approve. It produces the slavery of dogma, without the freedom of rightful judgement. It is degrading and demoralizing. It teaches the youthful and uncorrtipled, as well as the old, the church member and the mau ol God, the moral and the truthful, to hide membership, purposes and actions un der the oover ol darkness and secrecy. It produces tearfulness, shamefucedness and concealment, where manly boldness, inge cuous openness and conscious rectitude a lone should prevail. It compels men of character, piety aod truth to dissemble and deny, to aot a falsehood, if not directly to assert it. Peartul tbat Ibeir membership should be known, they scarcely dare discuss tbe principles that they have espoused, and almost every moment in tbeir intercourse with men are compelled to dissimulate, and profess want of knowledge of that tbey ac tually kuow; aod sometimes to escape con viction by open falsehood. So far has this incincerity and evasion filled the entire mass, that populdr sentiment has Irom this characteristicnaiiied them 'Know-nothings.' Let the objects of thie party be right, it can not legalize the means it uses by the holi ness of its purposes ; it canoot do what no code of morals ever sanoiioned. A means which leads to dissimulation, prsvarieathm and falsehood, csnnot under any circum stances be justified. Moreover, tbe conscience roust often be tolerated or members placed iu the most painful dilemma between duly and party allegiance. Those men like tbe sebjeols ol a despot and a kind, are oath-bound. Not content with the honor and honesty of men, as citizens having their own, their native land to love aod serve, this secret order re quires an oath of fealty alto to bind them to its interest*. Their duty to their party ta sanoiioned by an appeal to Heaven. The determinations of tbe body, oftentimes tbe mere sspedaM to tbe leedsrs, must be obey ed or the member compelled to withdrew, at the risk of prosecution or obloquy, Tbe right of private judgement, ie opposition to the ifill of the body |g thus What ia thia but the very eaenup of papal iohli bility, char#sd by them upon Catholiea ? How can tba principle of thia thing be de fended ? Tbe member whose jadgement cannot conoide with determinations of the body, atands in a dilemma where hia oath and hia contcience are in conflict. Tbsre ia another aerioos consequence, of thia seeret movement, ft gives unprinci pled men the means of aboaing the confi dence of the unsuspecting, prodnring suspi ciousness, and making the honest and can did distrustful and fearful of all those who approach them in the g< ise of former friend- LUTPS *IHO JIJNRTII EUVWU U W IHJ" FPHJ approach true men of that parly, and be gnile them to believe and to act to suit the purposes of their own seoret order. Thns, in the guiee of Whigs, they may approach their former friends, gain their ear, and though with treason in their hearts, and the Know-Nothing ticket in (heir packets, With the names of Molt, Robinson. Thompson, Sic., upon i:, they blast the renolations of those whose only crimes is that they would continue Whigs, and tould prevent the ru iu of their own party. We deny no man freedom of opinion or, hi* right to belong to this or any other par ty, so far as its objects and purposes are law ful, and are rightful in hi* eyea. We du not defend the intolerance of Catholice, or their allegiances to a foreign temporal prince or Jesuitical march alter political power- Nay, when they undertake to make their re ligion an engine of power, or to assert the superior obligation of Papal authority in civil or S'.tie affairs, we condemn and de nounce tbe wrong, But we hold that a se cret oathbouod society at a means to op pose evoo these evils, is contrary to the ge nius and spirit of our free government, dan gerous to its citixens, and demoralizing and degrading to those who participate. By the Constitution of lhaU. S , No reli gious test shall ever be required as a quali fication to any office or public trust under the United Sales. Cgngress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting tbe free exercise thereof.' By tbe Constitution of Ponusylvania— 'All men bave a natural and indefeasible right to worship Almighty GoJ according to he dictates of their own conscience.' 'No l>eiton who acknowledges the being of a God snd a future sta<e of reward* and pi n ishments, shall on account of hia religious sentiments be disqualified to hold any of fice or place of trust or profit under lbs# Commonwealth.' Can this be just, or regsrdful of (he rights of the citizen, which violates the very spir it and shield of protection of those consti tutional injunctions, by making the religious opinions of a large class of our fellow men a test of office, place or profit; and compel* them to yield their conscience, or else their claims to equal rights f What principle of justice, right or raimesa can justify secret association by combination, to deprive tbem of those equal rights secured by a common Constitution ? The inquisition, (hit hoirid instrument of ancient papal power, is con-, detuned by ibe united voice of enligh'ened men. In principle, how much does a se cret oath-bouud association, arranging to a class of men for religious opinion, and con demning them without trial snd unheard, and striking down every individual regard less of hi* merits, differ fiora that spirit which erected the inquisition, wielded the rack and torture, atid applied the faggot and the fire. A history proclaims the dire results of se cret oath-bound political societies, unmiti gated by a single good. Let the soil of France, of Ireland, and other countries de luged in blood, speak from the graves of ttteir mumered people, the thornd story of religious bigotry and inltlerant fanaticism, when guided by the unseen hand of a se cret conscience-fettered order: DANIEL AGNEW, R. P. ROBERTS, JOHN COLLINS. - Fiom the San, Francisco Herald. THE MEIOUs* FURGt-iniEfl. On Saturday, the 7th inn, the city was thrown into the greatest excitement, in con sequence of the circulation ot a rumor that Henry Meiggs, late a member of the Board of Aldermen, and one of the most extensive lumber merchants in the Stale, hud failed lor 8800,000 —that several I orgerie# had been discovered—that Meiggs had purchased tbe bark American, fitted it up in splendid stylo, and taking with hint his family, and his brother, John G. Meiggs, recently elected Comptroller and a large amount of treasure, ret vail "lor Ports in the Paeifte-" Tho greatest excitement prevailed for two or three days, and for some lime no idea could be formed as to the extent of the forgeries. The metier has been pretty extensively in vestigated since, and the following is proba bly not very far from the troe amount of the loss sustained by Meiggs' operations : Amount of failure, SBOO 000 Comptroller's warrants forged, 600,000 California Lumber Company forg'd, >OO,OOO Forgeries on sundry firm, 80,000 Total, $1,600,000 The wertente were generally made in fa vor of Jeaee L. W elm ore, and in luma ot from S2OO 10-SIOOO. Al firet it wae thought that the plate ae well aethe eignatares were oounterfeit, bet it ie now conceded that the former wae genuine; and eo admirably were the latter executed, that the Mayor and Comptroller each pronounced their own wri ting. In addition to the above, it ie believed [Tf Mtan HT NUMBER 48. ' that some $300,000 or $400,000 of |ho for ged Cornptrollei'i warrants koto bee* hypo thecated in New Yerk. The manner in which DM forger managed to raise money with the least risk to btmaelf, wae to borrow money, pledging dcuble the amounts as security, fn some cases he pledged even a larger proportion of warrants. The over issue of lumber stock was issued in a similar manner, although, from H* de preciated value, not more than about twenty rents on the dollar was raised upon (k-n- Many of theae hypothecations were made as long as three months sines, and care Was taken to give them to ike heavy beakibg i u0;i-3. vr tv ixrrrona who were nor likely to lake the warrants eat fete the marker It appears (hat a counterfeit piste er plates tout been engraved, for the purpose of ftrikkic off the blanks. The boldest portion of hie forgeries was the forgery oi the aolee in Hie name of Wm. Neely Thorn peon It Co., a moentii.g, it is said, to SIO,OOO. His course in this in-Ut.ce was very different from that in regard to the Controller's warrants, and was much more likely to be detected.-* MeigS* confessed himself to be very much in want of money; spoke as though he might fail at any lime, and made no representations to the contrary to any person. Mcigga' bouse was searched on Saturday evening; and a nnri.ber u" forged warrants wetfcutak cove.ed there. The City warrants are foja upon blanks of 1 oth the old and newflßl in suma of SSOO and 91 000. The signature* of Mayor Garrison and Controller Harris are so well counterfeited, tint those officers could not disiinguisi the false from the trod warrenlS'by the signatures. • 1 The effect of the fa'-'tire anil forgeries will be most injurious upon the business of the oily. Confidence among business men Ik weakened. Probably not less than 200 per sons who were a week ago considered to be sound to their engagements, are no r broken so far as tbeyoul>! be broken by the loss of their capital, which with some might be SI,OOO, and with others $50,000. One bnai.' ness man remarked that it was worse than the May fire. Take it all in all, the forgery is one ol the most extensive, bold and suc cessful on record. There is a good deal of specnla'ioa in re gard to the destination of the American. It cannot possibly be to any portion of thiit continent, nor to the Sandwich islands, nor to any of the large ports of China or Austra- * lia. There are to many Americana in all those plicaa for a man so shrewd as JUeigg* 'to venture within the* reach, He nrapftß)- ably gone to some of the South Sea Islands, 1 or to some of the smaller ports of Asia or Europe ; but he is no! safe while he is oh earlh: the news ef hie crime will have rea ched all the large porta of the world before him. Every stranger will he a terror to him, wherever he goes, the power of the United States will sppear to him like at> nvengiu'- sngel ; every American Will be, in bia fan cy, his executioner ; he will flee when no man punueth , and wiff bitterly curse the day when he kegatv Wis career of crime. The bark American was purchased of Abemelliy. Clark & Co., by Meigga, ou Monday, and was Atted up in elegant style. The captain of the vetael, when questioned about her, slated that aba had baen purchas ed by a coupled of gamblers, who intended, to lake a pleasure cruise through the islands of the Pacific. Meiggs was Corn in Catlskill, N. Y., ami lived for many years in Williamsburg, wberx he was long a member of ihe City Council. It is said that he became a bank rapt in New \ork. and that when applied to hem by soma of his former oreditors.be paid-hi t debts. He arrived at Sen Franci*ciu July 149. In the I all of 1850 he was elected J,e the City Council from the First Ward, and "gain in the (all of 1851. This was the Jen ny Ltnd Council, and seined a great ileal of pobnlar'ty by opposing the Jbnny l.trld purchase. kit M 52 be was again elec ted, and a jam >853. Lie was a very bold speculator, and had three-favourites for spec, nlaiiou—land, lumber, and musio. Me was the principle person in getting up the Cali fornia Lumber Company, whieb erected a mill, an 1862, tft Medncino. and Irom the works of which, more than 2 01)0,000 feet of limber sre now brought monthly to this my. He built Musical Hall, and made great efforts and many sacrifices to have excellent musical performances there. As the tale by the Fund Commisxioners of water lots, at North Beach, and paid high prices. Du ! ring 1853, be,built hfcigge's Wharf, at North Reaoli. Before building the a bail, he graded a portion ol Powell street, at his own expense. He was, the day of his departure, one of the most popular men in the city,' aa a political | and business man. He was the favourite can ilidatd-of many for the M ayoralily, and stood a good chance to be elected to the office. He was a member of the Council during the jeara when all kind# of speculations were common among politioiam, when business was at ita rankest growth, and when the loose manner in which publio 'ffairs were conJuo. allowed roguei in office to reap a rich har voa'.; and yet public rumor did not, unt i lately, eonneit bis Dame with any diihonet job, anil iu tire easea we named—in regard the North Beacb atreet contract, and with regard to the porchase of a building for coon • ty purposes—nothing Wus proven, and tow publio eonficenou in him was not destroyed , —scarcely weakened. Messrs Godeffroy, Sillman k Co. were creditors of Mr. Meiggs to the amount of •200,000, and ha confessed judgment In their ; taveor just before leaving . Under thai eon. fassion ol judgment they attached a large | amount ol real ealate held by Mt Mdigga.