THE STAR OE THE NORTH.
K W Weaver Proprietor.]
*6O 000 Tickets air curly Sold.
. CAUL FOR FINAL
Wass Ittefling of Shareholder!,
To determine on Iha ditpesiton of iho
GIFT PROPERTY to the SHAREHOLDERS
Al a meeting ot ihe Shareholder* in Per
ham's Third Gi r l Enterprise, held on Ihe 27th
of July, the following resolution was adop
"Resolved :—That eo eoon as it is ascer
tained that 80,000 of the Gift Tickets issued
by Mi. Perham in his third enternrie, are
•old, lira Committee shall call the ahsrehol- -
data together al the most convenient place,
for the purpose of instructing raid Commit
tee in regard to the manner of disposing of
the Gift Property.
Having learned from Mr Perham that 60,-
1)00 of said tikets were sold, and that in all
probability the remaining 20,000 called fur
oy the above resoltrion, would be sold by
the first day of January next, we hare de
termined in nccm- fanco with the above opin
ion, to call a MASS MEETING OF THE
SHAREHOLDERS, el some place to he
hereafter named, on the |7th da) of Janua
rf, 1855, for ilia purpose designated by the
ROBERT BEATTYJa, )
J. LATHROP, J COMMUTES,
B. S. ADAMS, \
W 100,000 Tickets Only at it dollar Eish
will be told. Each Ticket will admit Four Per
earn all al once, or portions at different times
PERIIAM'S BURLESQUE OPERA HOUSE,
663 Broadway, New York.
Or to hi* other Entertainments in various
parts of the country. Each purchaser of
one of these tickets will receive a certificate
entitling litem to one hare in 109.00(1 Cost
ly and Valuable Gifts • a list of which has
already been publisher!. Persons can ob
tain the same in circular form, by addruss
ing a note to the proprietor.
sow's THE TIKE TO RCECWLSE TICKETS.
In order that the 100,000 Ticlmls may ho
disposed ot try the time specified, the sub
storibsrr offers the following inducements for
ftersoas to get cp Clubs.
Each person who gets up a rktb often
•übscritters, and forwards ten dollars to this
office, will receive by Mail or other Convey,
•oces, Eleven Tickets.
Each person who sends fat one time) one
hundred.dultars, will have sent in like man
ter One Hundred and Fifteen Tickets. And
for all larger sums in exam proportion.
If rt"sbotild happen that all the Pickets are
•eld when the order is received, the money
TviUlie returned at our expense for postage.
OP" All orders lor tickets should be ad
663 Broadway, N Y.
%• My Fourth Enterprise will be advertised
as soon as the third one is closed. The tick
ets sra already printed.
Nov. 30th 1851—7 w.
Scries for 5835.
MORRIS AND WILLS, EDITORS.
Tho first number of the new series will
be issued on the first of Jminurv next. New
subscribers cart be supplied from that rlatp;
but immediate application will be necessary
for such as desire to begin with the
beginning. A home is hardly complete; we
think we my safely venture to say, with
out the Ilome Journal, which, besides being
a chronicle of the times, abounds in intelli-
? er.ee designed to enliven an American
lome. Its editors (Coo. P. Morr ; s and N.
I*. Willis) devote their entire time, skill
and experience, to the task of giving, each
week, everything worth knowing. They
particularly "keep an pye on all tho whims
and novelties of the day The utmost pains
are taken to present the facts ami outlines
of all newt. In the literary department, we
aim al sketches and readable criticism, and
In our condensations of the productions ot
the vast newspaper world of Euro**, we en
deavour to avoid the tiresome ann the local,
and transfer to our columns the piok of Eng
lish information and brilliancy, while we en
deavour to select with a true sense of pure
morals, true wit, and geunine humour. In
addition to the above, we have made new
new arrangement* for a feature that is al
ways attractive in Ihe family jottrnal. From
several different sources we are to be snp-_
plied with the newa and gossip of New-York
Society. In a metropolis like ours, centre
the mere sparkling elements of the life of
nur country at large, and cnlii-ion and at
trition bring out much which would else be
dormant. Afloat, in society gossip, is a
small world,of which the ordinny newspa
pers make no report, and of this we think
wa can promise amusing pholographaps. In
announcing also, his usual editorial labors,
wa olainr. the priviieg of leaving them to de
signate their own style and title as thuy ap
pear. They arc to be quite different from
anything which has ever been published in this
journalfrom his pen, and, we are very sure
that they will be no less attractive, to say
the least. The graphic and highly-finished
sketches, by ''The Lady of Shallot," "Tim
othy Quaint" aud others, will be continued.
Wa have also new correspondents in Lon
don and Paris, who will send us much that
could never reach us through foreign journ
TERMS — For one copy, 82, for three co
pies, 85; or lor one copy lor three years, 85
—always in advance. Sub/ctibe without
daisy. Address MOIiIUS & WILLIS,
197 Fulton street New-York.
Hew York, Nov. 9th 1854.
J. STEWART DEPUY,
, A T 223 North Second Street, below
•ra-Callowhill, Philadelphia ; has on
band a splendid assortment o( Velvet,
Tapestry, Brussels, Three Play, Ingrain
§ ana Venitlan CARPETS: besides Drug- 2
Mts, Canton and Cocoa Mattings, ***
so WINDOW SHADES, Door Malls, Floot O
fc and Table OIL CLOTHS, Stair Rods, §
C Hearth Rugs, ha. Also, Ihe same at 3
< hie other Store, corner of Bth and >
V Spring Garden h, under the Spring '
Garden House, —Wholesale and Re
April 13th 1854.-6tn
Drawer goods, Spotted Swiss. Bog
Jaconett Mull, Cambric, Swiss Muslin
Bishop Lawns, sale Bard Muslin just receiv
ed al Ike Store of
AJEKDEaVHALL k MENSCH
BLOOMSBURG, COLUMBIA COUNTY, PA., THURSDAY, JANUARY 4, 1855.
TIIE STAR OP TIIE NORTH,
/ published every Thursday Morning, by
K. W. WEAVER,
OttlCE—Upstairs, in the new brick building
on the south side of Main street, third
square below Market.
TERMS: —Two Dollars per annum,if paid
within six mouths from the time of sub
scribing ; two dollars and fifty cents if not
paid within the year. No subscription re
ceived for n less period than six months: no
discontinuance permitted until all arrearages
are paid, unless at the option of the editor.
ADVERTisEMENTsnoI exceeding one square
will be inserted three times for one dollar,
and twenty-five cent* for each ndditionnl in
sertion. A liheral discount will he made to
those who Tdverlise by the year.
CLOTHING STORE, on Main street, two
liners above tire 'American House."
SIMON DREIFUSS, & Co.
CLOTHING STORE in the 'Exchange
Block,' opposite the Court house.
EVANS & APPLEMAN.
MERCHANTS. —Store on :he upper part
of Main street, nearly opposite the
8. C- SHITE,
rnf ANUFACTURER OF FURNITURE
AND CABINET WARE.—Warerooirr
in Slave's Block, on Main Street.
A. 51. RI'PERT,
rpiNNF.R AND STOVF, DEALER
A Shop on South side of Main street, be
TjQOKSELLER. Store in the Exchange
' ' Block, first door above the Exchange
BI'KELVY, NEAL & CO.,
MERCHANTS. —Northeast corner of Mian
and Market streets.
JOHN 8. STERNER.
MERCHANT. —Store Oil South side of
Main Street, second square below Mar
SHIRPLESS & MELICK,
FOUNDERS AND MACHINF-STS. Build
ingnon the alley-bet ween the "Exchange
and "American House."
R. W- WEAVER.
ATTORNEY AT LAW.—Office on the
first floor of the "Star" Building, on
TAILOR. —Shap on the South Side of Main
Street, first square below Market.
SIEXDEXUALL & MENSCII,
MERCHANTS. —Store Nortli West corner
of Main arid Market Streets.
HIRAM C. lIOWER,
DENTIST—Office near the
® Academy on Third Street.
No. 130 North Third Street, nbove
SAMUEL A. BKADV. , GEORGE H. BROWS .
[June Bth 1854—1y.
SHEETS & SELTZERS'
WHSJE & ZUIQGrOIB Sff ©EJEj,
IVo. Q33IV. Tlird St.,
ftdjSjKjjO) (Above Callowltill,)
A GENERAL ASSORTMETOF
RRANDIE6, WINEB, CORDIaI S,
And Liquors of every description :
. K. SHEETZ. P. P. SELTZER
JOHN WOODSIDES Agent.
HAS just opened a new lot of Books. Cap,
letter aod note paper, porloiios kc.,
which he will sell at the lowest prices at the
B;oom*biira Book Store. He ha* tfie Stand
ard School Book ', anil a variety of the most
desirable his'Ortcal, religions, scien.ific pub
lications of the day. He has also a stock of
Bltnk Looks, Bibles, and Religious work*.
A number of
a stock of jewelry; and an assortment of
canes, lam (is, lops, perfumery, confectione
ries, knick knacks and notions for sale.
CP* He will furnish at short notice any
work that may be desired and ordered.
Bloomsburg, October 15th 1854.
Ecvelopes, Pens, Ink, Writing sand. 4te
an be found at the oheap Book atore of
FANCY GOODS, of every description and
anriety, new styles, and fresh from New York
avd Philadelphia, lor sale at the cheap store
M'KELVY, NEAL & CQ
BOOTS, Shoes and ready made clothing
cheap for caslt by
MEN DENHALL & MENSCH.
ESSENCE OF COFFEE. For tale at the
ekeap store of EVANS, k APPLEMAN.
The Carrier'* Address,
TO TIIE PATRONS OF
THE STAR OF THE NORTH,"
g FOR NEW YEAR'S DAY, JAN. I, 1855
Hail to the New Year's dawning light,
Season of festive, gay delight—
,t Of merry joy and transport wild,
t- To man and maid, to youth and child :
° Hail to tho new hopes of all hearts,
* Hail to the new life that imparls
p A brighter laslrs to each eye,
. And to each ohee|t a ruddier dye,
- That nerves and cheats throughout the eartth
0 The arm of valor and of worth—
The spirit that each true heart thrill*
As if together knit, and (fills
Etch with one generous impulse mora,
Such as it oft has felt belore,
To act as if lite had an dim
Aud immortality a claim-
To act as if the soidtd dust
And sick ling appetite of lust
Was tint ihe end uf life and earth,
But as if virtue, honor, worth,
And purity were links to bind
Man'a nature with lha angelio kiud.
The hopes and hearts of all the world
Beat for the banners now unfurled
Where Islam's son aud Russian tetf
Sodden with life-blood the cold turf,
And seek the foeman's fate and grave
In contest worthy of ll.e brave-
Such as the gallant and the bold
Waged in the fierce crusades of old,
When Gallic fire and Britain's pride
Mot Moslem's host, a serried tide.
* And now, as then, religious zeal
Serves as tire basis for appeal
To murdrous art and demon fight
As atbiier 'tween wrong and right.
But in this bloody, robbet fray
J A hand above still rules the day,
And moulds the fate of war and peace
To spread the light and still increase
The little band who've lung toiled on,
, ! Through adverse fate and battle* won
For Freedom and the Rights of Man, i
As only Freedom's children can
Battle and toil through weal and woe
f With heart that tears no mortal foe.
• The sluggish blood of Islam's sons
Now wurmer swells, and swifter runs,
' Since a new spirit flies their hearts
And to (he veins new life imparts.
Their land is open to the creed
' Of Christian men; and to the seed
Of Western arts; and these will bring
A harvest rich upon llie wir.g
Of future years, that shall restore
: Htiugaria to her strength once more,
' And call those exiled children home,
Worthy the parentage of Rome,
Those on whose brow the King of Kings
1 Had stamped, as not of earihly things,
The signet manliness should be
" The seal of Lis nobility.
And Poland with her true and brave
Shall master yet the Russian slave,
. And Russian despot in his lair
Shall tremble yet wi'h deeper care,
When Freedom's hunters shall pursue
With arms all strong and hearts all true,
Not to Sevastopol alone,
But to St. Peter's lon of stone—
His home, as icy as his heatl,
And yet as sure to melt and part
Beneath the blows that once must fall
In his own household to appal,
• As is the SLOW on mountain side
To sink into the ebbing tide.
The baule now is as to which
Of despots shall grnw fastest rich,
A war of greedy heirs to steal
) From dying man hi* worldly weal;
, And until these destroy each other
The cause which makes each man a brothel
Can bava no interest in the fray
But must abide a better day.
The times are aadly ont of joint
11 When rogues ran daily make their point
In splendid swindles such as fill
- The public prints and minds, until
Integrity is out of date,
And only he seems truly great
Who.forges, steals or runs away;
And it seems stupid now to pay
An honest debt in promised lime,
Or to keep finger out of crime.
Now Railroad lords and barbera call
Their creditors together all,
And from Sir John to Harry Jown
' Ask an "extension" from the towo :
While foplings with more beard than brain*
Swell largely on ill-gotten gains ;
i- And 'tis most lucky now to know
Quite nothing, as elections show,
And easier far 'tis to excite
f Fiaternal love for black than wbile.
. Too many try to live by wit
Who have no stock to make a hit,
y Or try to live in indolence
On otheis earnings, with no sense
_ Of shame, nor of aught else but pride
To sneer at labor and deride
p The hand that earns thair daily bread
And luxuries from foot to bead.
. Know-Nothings try to close the door
d Of heaven on the Irish poor
k And all else but themselves alone,
s Forgetting they may yet atone
For this their narrow bigot zeal
By being made too late to feel
® They're closed it quite too tight to find
An entrance for tbeir narrow roiod.
a But let Time roll the years,
As hope each new one obeer*:
Trath and Right God and
Ring cut the year of sntrow,
And u-her in to-morrow
The year of joy and trulhfni love.
The daw* of peaoe, that from above
Shall light and warm the liean* of men
As nothing can of mortal ken.
Ring out the years of crime ;
Ring in the merry time:
Ring out the years of shame ;
Ring in the years to claim
Far man bis glorious birth— !
His heritsgeof worth.
Ring oat the thousand years
Of selfish doubis and fear* ;
Ring in the thousand other*
For tho univese of brotheit;
And, good sir, let the rMMDsutftoMffi
Of your bright dimes
For my rhymes
To me—to you a HAPPtflHHpir
have been famous for and
and though the rnay
come out "right side in a
while the forces of
them that they are I
"In the course of find
new style antipodean or
cotemporary with the
ington—there happened of
the Old Ray State,
Jewell, who, one day traps
ar.d started off South, of ihe
Mississippi, order for
various inventions—to a
farming-mill, at the
village of Helena, A
rkansas. Now it happßßpMWft llie very
day that Mr. Jewell fellow
had been arrested and
placed in the old log to re
ceiving the penalty of
fence. The jail being being
no parole a'la horseguards to protect it, and
the prisoner having * tinge of Jack Shep
pard blood in his veins managed to escape
and of course flaw by night after the man
ner of the witches in Macbeth. The con
sequence was that when the sheriff went
the next morning, in aii the dignity of of
ficial pride, to administer the punishment,
he was both surprised and iudignant to find
his man non est invenus I
"Ah, this won'l do," said the dignitary
biting his lip and looking poigriards, at the
under sheriff—a carroty headed deputy, with
a pumpkin-colored beard of about a week's
growth. "We must set spies about for him,
and have him re-apprehended."
Scouts were immediately dispatched on
all sides, all of whom had seen the man on
trial and knew his face, and as the sheriff's
indignity was hugely "lis," there orders
were uncompromisingly stringent.
Now, it happened from some strange and
unfortunate circumstances, that the newly
arrived Yankee Pedler was the very image
—the regular "Corsican Brother"—the "Sia
mese Twin" of the fugitive culprit, and as
he was buttering a pancake at breakfast tha
next rooming, a large strong man with an
official griu tapping him gently on the shoul
" Wal," said the Yankee, "what's the
rows neow, eh V
"Want you mister," was the brief reply.
"Yees—du you, want met la'poseyou've
hearn of my haveing cum tue teown with
i my everlastin and all anortin inventions.—
You'r wide awake, I see for curaing afore
any one else."
"Curse your inventions," said the official.
"The sheriff wants to see you immediately.
You thought to escape, did yout"
"Sheriff—escape ! Luke n'here critter,
what on arth due yeou mean J"
"Mean, for you to come along with me,
without another word." And so saying he
dragged the Pedler out of the room.
| On the way he learned the crcumetances
of the arrest, and though he protested and
awore he was not the man, the likeness was
100 strong for belief, the Sheriff advised him
for the good of his country and the honor of
his friends, if he had any, not to tell such
'dreadful lies,' but to submit to the punish
The consequence wa*, he was tied to the
J whipping pott, and the sheriff prepared to
render in the dreariest manner the infliction.
"Now, before I begin, old fellow," said
the sheriff, "what have you got to say."
"Oh nothing in particular," said tha Ped
ler, laughing with a meaning cirve of the
lip—"only if you can afford tue pay for lux
uries, mister, go ahead!"
The sheriff, not comprehending the drift of
this business-like observation, kpplied the
scourge, and at every out the Yaakee laugh
ed with immoderate glee. Lash succeeded
lash, and still be laughed, " ind anil the
wonder grew." Woen the fiftieth lash
had been well laid on, as the parting salute,
the sheriff in a flood of wondetnent threw
down the whip and asked him the reason of
' I'm regularly dumb founded,' said he.
1 What in the devil's name make* you
' Laugh! Why who could help it,' fairly
roared the Yankee. ' I'm laughing tua think
heow you've been sacked in on this opera
tion—/ ain't the man /" He said this so
| meaningly thai the sheriff began to think
that there must be a mistake somewhere.—
J The Yankee continned —
' It strikes me that business _ in my fine is
going tue be rather dull in this town, and if
there's any law tue be had, I'll (peculate on
this licking, and see if I can't turn it to some
account. I'm always ot>en for trade mister,
if you wish to compromise,—for remember,
you've licked Ihe wrong mm I"
Meeting ol the State committee.
There was quite a full attendance of the
members of the Democratic State Commit
toe in 'Philadelphia on the 26ih insl., and
the proceedings were conducted with spirit
and unanimity. The meeting of the Com
mittee will, no doubt, produce the happiest
results. Mr. BONHASI presided, and E, B.
CHAPE, of Susquehanna, acted as Secretary
pro tern. After a full and free interchange
of opinion in relation to the present position
and duties ol the Democratic party, the fol
lowing resolutions aod address ware unani
Resolved, That the immutable truths em
bodied in our principles, which have been
faithfully and successfully carried out by the
Democratic party, and by which the glory,
honor, and prosperity ol the country have
been upheld and secured, forbid and pre
clude the possibility of our making any trea
ty with error, or forming alliances for the
sake of expediency, or temporary party tri
Resolved, That the allegations against the
Democratic party ol using influences to ob
tain the votes of naturalized citizen*, and of
favoritism toward* them in the distribution
1 of offices, are unfounded and unjust; —that
while there has been no proscription on ac
count of religion or birthplace,—no negation
of constitutionally guaranteed privileges,—
there has not been any deviation from the
principle of justice that regards equally the
rights of every citizen.
' Resolved. That our faith in the great fun
damental Democratic doctrine has not been
diminished by the fortuitous combination of
■ circumstance* that occasioned the defeat of
the Democratic party in this Slate confident
ly believing that the people will perceive in
the first attempt to incorporate into our sys
tem of covernment principles and measures
inimical to the rights of any, the beginning
of a policy dangerous to the rights of all.
Resolved, That the idea that the old issues
on which the Democratic party triumphed,
have been abandoned by our opponents and
are obsolete, is false and deceptive—all ex
perience proving that on the acquisition of
power by our adversaries, they seek to over
throw the Democratic and substitute the an
Resolved. Tha'l as the battle of Demncracj
is a battle for measures, not men—principles
1 not place—the defeat of their candidates
produces no evils or discouragements,ex
• cept so far as it may enable their opponents
i for a lime to carty out obnoxious measures;
i and being fully awsre ot this truth, a sense
i of duty and patriotism will constrain them
with unrelated zeal to advocate, and with
unabated vigilance to gnard, those principles
of government to which the country is in
debted for its unexampled growth and pros
Resolved, That a State Convention of the
' Democratic citizens of this Commonwealth,
composed of a number equal to the Senators
and Representatives of the General Assem
bly, to l>s selected in tha usual way in the
respective Representatives and Senatorial
Districts of the Slate, be held al Harrisburg,
on the Fourth day of July, A. D., 1855, to
nominate a suitable person for the office of
Canal Commissioner, transacl such business
and adopt such measures as the exigencies
of the times may seem to demand.
To Ihe I'eople of I'enusylvrtnla-
Fellow Citizens :—The State Committee of
the Democratic party have thought proper
t address you briefly on the present aspect
of public adults,
A full conference with one anothei, and
a careful review of the facts connected
with the late election, bave satisfied us
that we have nothing to fear in Ihe luture.
The conslitntion of the country is not yet
under the feet of those who would trample
upon it. The civil rights o r our citizens are
not yet overthrown. The Democracy has
weatheied a storm, and rode it out in tri
umph. We have encountered many an
enemy, but never one that did not in due
lime tali before us. We are armed from
head to foot in all Ihe strength of a just
cause, and truth has thrown her broad
shield over us. We stand up as we have
ever stood for equal laws and equal rights;
for that liberty of conscience which the
Constitution guarantees to all men; and
fighting for such principles as these, we are
and must continue to be invincible. The
idea that the American people will ever de
liberately consent to see the great doctrines
for which their fathers fought and died in
the revolution, overthrown for the sake of
giving office to a few politicians, is simply
preposterous. If any true Democrat sees
any thing to fear in the signs of the times,
let him add to his faith courage. The good
sense, the honesty and love of jusfjee, which
characterize the publio mind, will scalier
the present combination of adverse element*
to the wind. In a very ahoit time the De
mocracy will be stronger than ever. We
can aflord to go into a minority for a season,
and then emerge, as we shall do, with
brighter hopes and prospeota for the future.
We will soon teach anew, and in a manner
more impressive than ever the lesson so of
ten read and so fully known and understood,
that the policy and principles of the demo
cratic party can alone make tba institutions
of a free country safe.
Remember thai the democracy has com
pletely quelled its most dangerous enemies.
The political superstition* and greedy infat
uations which threatened to put the industry
, of the people under the dominion ol bank
: i rig and manufacturing capital, are almost
i entirely wxtirpaled. The party that advocated
1 those dangerous dootrinee, with so much
' energy, talent end boldness, and with which
' we straggled for wveniy-five years, has been
crushed to death in lite folds of a new or
ganization, that has not a single element in
it to give Strength or endurance. Its secrccv
is calculated to give it temporary success,
but that very feature will insure its spee-Jy
and fins! repudiation. The party that has
beaten Federalism in so many shapes will
not be conquered by an enemy which avows
no political principles at all, or which is
ashamed to make that avowal publicly nnd
in the face of the people. The Eagle will
not be hawked at and brought down by the
We regard the defeat of Governor Bigler
as a great misfortune to the State, and tve
feel sura that history will so record it. Nev
ertheless, let us give the measures of his
successor a fair and impartial consideration.
The tree will be known by it* fruits. 1( he bol
dly uses the veto against the corrupt influence i
of incorporated wealth ; if he duel not prosti
tute the prerogative of the pardoning power
to the use of his political friends, if he econ
omises the public treasure ; if he keeps the
oath which he tikes at his inauguration, and
disregards that which he took in Ihe Know-
Knothing Lodge, on the 15th of June last,
al the corner of Ninth and Arch streets, in
this city, we will be bound to confess that
his administration is a belter thing than we
hoped. But, on the other hand, the influ
ence of his office shall bo lent out to the
evil purposes of bad men—if he stirs up re
ligioui bigotry and strife among the people— I
it he squanders the money of the lax payer,
or dispoils the Commonwealth of her public
works, without adequate consideration—if
he acknowledges the sworn obligations he
owes to his subterranean party for services
rendered in his election, as being more bind
ing than the fealty ho owes to the Constitution
—then be is entitled to no forbearance—his
name will become a hissing and a by-word,
and the short period of his power will be re
membered hereafter as we remember the
blights and mill-dews, the limes of famine
and drought and potato-rot, whn all the
years of plenty and prosperity are forgotten.
We ask you, fellow-cilizeos, to consider
and reflect carefully upon the political topics
which the pcesent condition of things sug
gest. Our opponents work in secret. They
prefer darkness ra'her than light. They have
no principles which they are not ashamed to
discuss. But the Democracy rely on a fear
less, frank, and full avowal of their senti.
inenta. The contrast between such a course
and that of a party which shrinks from all
public investigation, is alone sufficient to
give the Democracy an enviable moral su
periority which must in every short lime se
cure them the political asceedercy among a
people so marked by the manly virtues of
truth and boldness, as aro the freemen of
Pennsylvania. J. ELLIS BOMIAM,
E. B. CHASE, Sec'y. Chairman.
Philada, Dec. 86, 1851.
The Territory of NeoXbo-
Where is the territory of Neosho ? is quite
a question very likely lb be asked by our
readers just at this time. The following
statement in answer to the question, we
gather from an article in the New York
Evening Post of Friday last, iast ) •
A bill was reported near the close of the
last session of Congress, by It. W. Robinson,
a Senator from Arkansas, for the organiza
tion of a new territory between the 34th and
*l7lh degrees of latitude, and the 94th and
100 degrees of longitude—a tract of about
43,000,000 acres lying-between the Red riv
er of Louisiana and the southern boundary
of Kansas—to be called Neosho. This terri
tory is about two hundred mile* long from
north to south, and about tour hundred from
east to west, and covers an atea larger than
the Stale ot Ohio aod New Jersey. The
climate corresponds with that of east Ten
nesse; one of the finest climates in the'
world ; aod the soil is like that of southern
Kansas, equally fertile and better supplied
with wood and water. The country is at
present outside of any territorial organiza
tion, aod has been allotted by a succession
of treaties to the Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw,
Chickasaw and Seminolq Indians, whp num
ber about sixty thousand souls.
The Indians are all slaveholders. A tew
years since, tha Creeks held about four
hundred slaves, and the entire negro popu
lation of the five tribes is estimated at about
The Choctaws and Cherokee* call all men
abolitionists who teach their elaves to read
and write, and have forbidden their mission
aries from perpetrating any such misdemean
ors within their bordets.
The territorial bill, ai framed by Mr. Joltm
son, come ins several singular provisions.—
Ha proposed :o organise the territory of
Cherokee, including the country held by the
Chetokees, of Muskogee, or the Creek and
Seminole district ; and of Cbahta, including
the cession* to tha Choctaws, Chickasaw* —
three territories, to be controlled, as at pre*,
ent, by the Indians themselves, while the
payment of salaries and other civil expenses
is mads a burthen upon Ihe treasury of ths
United Slates ; that nothing in the constitu
tion ''shall be eo construed as to
change, alter, or impair the constitution or
laws, or the customs or usages having the
force of law, of either of said nations of In
dians;" that no white men, or other Indians,
shall be allowed to settle or trespass on any
of said lands, east of (be one hundreth par
allel of west longitude, without the consent of
the legislature of the proper territory, and in
pursuanoe of laws by it enacted; that *ll
the free oitizans of the said several nations,
to wit: the Cherokees, Creeks, Seminoles,
Choctaw* and Chickasaw*, resident, or
hereafter coming into and settling in said
[Two Dollars per
territories, being of Indian, or Irulioh am!
white Mood, shall, when the act takes effect
ee to each nation respectively, itcomt and 6*
citizens of [he "United States', and the conatitu*
Hon of the United States shad have the sune
force and effect witbfn the said territories at
elsewhere within the U. Slates—and also 4
province that each territory may be Vepre
aented in Congress by a delegate.
t"rom BitA.ieUs Reporter.
The rtch iu tbe United Stalest
Mr. Chamber* of the E.Jinbhrg Journal,
who reconly paid a visit to the United States,
has written a series of arliclesdeicriptite oif
the scenes and incidents of hi* journey
From one 61 tbe latest we copy the follow
"Tbe persons id America who seeffi trt
ma to merit compassion most, were not the
poor, for of these there are not many, except
in a few large cities, those who are to be
pitied, are the rich. Obtaining wealth by a
course of successful industry ; it would ap
pear as if there was no other means of spen
ding it than renring splendid mansions, And
furnishing them in a style ofOriental
and thereafter living in gorgeous msgntfl
cenee, like the p.ince-merchents of Genoa id
the pan time of Italian glory. So far ak
the actual founders of fortunes are concern
ed, there is, perhaps, little to discommend
in all this j but it was disagreeably pressed
on my notice that the sons of these million
aires, born to do nothing but to lire on their
fathers earnings, wers much lobe pitied.
It: New York, there ware seen lounging a
bonl idly in the parlors and bar rooms of Ibb
hotels, worn out tvith dissipation, and tbh
nightly victims of gambling houso*, of which
there are a number in Broadway on a scale
of matchless splendour. Among the vice*
they have lately thought Gt to introduee, is
the picture, now obsolete in England, for
encouraging professional pugilism, the exer
i cite of which bccasoonally leads to serious
"In Grkal Bri'ain, As we All kno-r, a con ;
ainerable part of the fortunes realized in trad*
is expended in the purchase *f land, and ef
fecting rural improvements of various kinds,
the country, by such means, becoming A
useful engine of depletion to the town; but
in America, land convejs no honor, and is
not bought except as a temporary invest
ment, or a source of livelihood. Wealthy
men, theiefore, would have nothing to look
lor in the rural life beyond the pleasure of
a villa ; so far as I could learn, they do not
even go that length, but consume their means
for the most part, in the more seductive but
not very refining enjoyment of the city;
With few exceptions, therefore, families of
any note, do not conticuo in adluence mora
than one or two generations. An 'old family'
in America, must ever be a kind of miracle.
The principle which seems lo be laid down
is, that family distinction is adverse lo dem
ocratic institutions; and that, consequently;
each generation ought to be feft to shift for
itself: a philosophic rule, no doubt, but
wtich, like many other maxims, is not with*
out particulsr difficulties.
There is much truth in the foregoing. The
sons of the rich are seldom long lived in the
United Slates. Some sad illustrations could
be pointed out in Philadelphia, There are)
it is true, exceptions, but in a general sense,
the remarks of the Scottish traveller are
founded on truth. "The fathers toil, and the
sons waste." Some of the former disfigured
by narrowness, niggardliness and meanness,
while too often the latter squander their pat
rimony in idleness, profligacy and extrava
gance. They ure unfitted by their course of
life, for .the possession of wealth. They
cannot appreciate itsvHlue, and will not em
ploy it judiciously. But expetience teaches
wisdom, and as we grow older as a nation)
we shall become wiser. Gambling appears
to be the vice of every new and orospar
ous country. The favors of fortune tempi
to indulgenoe. Witness California. We are
assured that even those who toil toe hardest
in the gold mines, are often among the ear
liest and most daring at the gambling table.
But, while adverting to the strictures of
Mr. Chambers, we may notice another et
ror'on the part of the rich men ill this coun
try. They postpone the distribution of theif
fortunes until after their decease, and mean'
while (hoy keep their chiidrrn in a condi
tion of utter dependence, and when wealth
does come, tbey are maddened by the audi
den prosperity, and rush into every excess.
A large fortune under such circumstances,
is apt to prove a cursei The nature that
has been restrained so long, burst forth intd
unwonted fury, expenditure* are made ill
the most lavish spirit) and with consequen
ces truly deplorable. Why should not the
abundantly rich distribute tome of their sur
plus means while they yei live ? Tbey
would thus have an opportunity of discover'
ir.g the tastes and habits of their offspring,
and of ascertaining their ability to raaiat
temptation, ft indeed may be well quef
tioned. whether a large fortune left to tha
young, and without any restraint whatever,
will prove a blessing or advantage. The
difficulty is that of self control and self re
straint. When a young man is thrown up
on the world with idle or irregular habits,
with abnndant means, and hence without
the necessity of pursuing any occupation,
tba chances are ten to one that he will fallet
and fail. He at onoe becomes an object of
pursuit for the mercenary sharper, autd'ft IS'
indeed rare that ha is able to withstand the
fascinations ot the gambling table, the race'
I course, the wine cup and many kiodred di=
I sipationr 4
xml | txt