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The star of the north. [volume] (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1849-1866, February 01, 1855, Image 2

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Hleeoisbarir Hursfsr Feb. I, 1869.
UttTM) I
EveTy filing which relates TO the taxes ol
ihegteAple isxrf genera! interes*. Mr. Sail,
■who was formerly Stale Treasurer, has "in
troduced a bill into the legislature which pro
pose* to improve the present method of col
lecting taxes. Mr. Maxwell has rentes-a
copy, which we publish below, and such
views as occur lo us in studying its provis
1. Il proposes thai oU the taxes in each
township shall be collected by one mail, nd
not by Jonr as under the existing law. This
is right, because, by Mr. Ball's plan, the tax
can be collected much cheaper than under
Hie present system. A man can collect four
taxes nearly as soon as one if he has the
four in one duplicate. The cheap collection ;
of taxes is to be the second consideration in j
every system or arrangement— safely being
the first one. The fewer the collectors—the i
belter tor the taxpayers. But Mr. Ball's bill ]
if a little defective in its details in this re-,
epecl. In the Bih section it would give the j
collector about seven per cent, for his ser
vices, and by ilia filth section the Treasur
er is lo have two per cent, additional for his /
services. Under the present plan we pay (
about six per cent, for the collection and fi- j
rial disbursement of taxes, and if the new i
plan will not work cheaper it has a defect. |
But if one man had all the taxes of a town- j
ship to collect he could certainly do it for i
three per cent.; and if all the taxes of a:
county passed through the Treasurer's hands ,
•one per cent would make a large salary for j
liim. In some counties it would in a few
years make a small fortune; and even in the j
smaller counties it would give the Treasur-.j
er SI,OOO a year, and not occupy otre half!
ins lime. True, the r.ew law would take i
one of the best and safest business men in
the county for Treasurer, but lew goo I busi
ness men in a small county clear over £.2.-
000 a year. By such a modification of Mr.
Ball's act our taxes could be collected cheap.
2. The new act would offer a proper in
ducement for the prompt and early payment
of taxes. The diligent lax-payer would save
an abatement of five per cent., while the de
linquent and speculator in money would
liave a fine of five per cent, or mors to pay
for their delay. At present the prompt tax
payer pays the expense of collecting from
the man who delays or speculates with his
money. This would not be so under Mr. j
Ball's act. In general, il is not so much the 1
poor man who delays payment, as the slow- I
motioned one and the speculator.
3. The new law could require the town-:
ship collector lo give himself diligently to
the work of collection, and to return his du
plicate to the Treasurer in 45 days for set
tlement. This would be a great improve
have known the collector to use the public
money for years—loan it perhaps to one of
the Commissioners who had appointed him
—draw interest for it, at a usurious rale,
while the county was paying interest on its
loans ; and finally the honest taxpayers bad
to pay for the expense of collecting this
backstanding tax from the delinquent col
In this particular we think, however, that
Mr. Hall'* bill should lie *o amended that
ittio constable would begin his work of col-
Jeotron on Ihb first of August and return his
duplicate in three months from the time he
received it. This would be belter for all
parlies. The abatement ceases afier the 15lh
nf July, and a constable in some townships
could hardly get through in 45 day*.
4. Under die new act the tax uncollected
upon unseated land and seated land on which
there ia no personal property would be bet
ter returned, and more safely secured. At
present in many instances the overseers,
school directors and Mipervisnrs reglect to
make these returns, and the taxes are lost.
t>. There would-not be so many officers
trying to make a living out of the collection
and disbursement of township taxes.
6. The lax duplicates would in every case
be safely secured by bond and bail, either
in the hands of the Treasurer, or of the con
stable, who would be liable on his official
bond. The public would not be so liable as
now to suffer from the ignorance, careless
.ness and dishonesty of township officers in
giving their duplicates to their favorites or
friends without taking proper security. The
/e/y of the people's money is the first con
sideration in arranging a law on this subject,
and a reform is ce.'tainly needed in this re
7. If the collecting department was nnder
an intelligent and energetic head, such as
the new Jaw designs for a Treasurer, the
public accounts would be kept in better or
der than they now are in many instances.—
The Treasurer would be required to he a
man of good business laleuls, to keep about
200 accounts in a small ccumy, and he could
afford to avail himself of the best legal coun
sel and aesiatance.
A.td yel here i perhaps iho weakest poiul
of the 4 f| ew law. To throw so much money
into the of one man will certainly be
an aridities,*! temptation lo defalcation.—
And if it does not tempt to ruin, it may at
least lead to a dangerous speculation with
the public funds. The steady, honest farm
ers who under the present law make excel
lent Treasurers, crmla not manage the com
plicated affairs under tsl' proposed change;
or if they did attempted it with a smart clerk,
the case of Simpson in Ph iladelphia points
out what might ba the nasaia, 1 result, where
so large a turn was to be haadK'd.
Asd yet, though human nature is fallible,
we think the new law could be eas.'dy made
to be a good one. It has manifest advan
tages over the present one, and the princi
ples On which HAs based are right, fte de
vils can easily be improved so that taxes
can 1)6 collected 6i an average cost not es
ce*ainglwe ami* half per cent. Thefollow
ing ia a copy tff the bill aa prepared by Mr.
A* ACT to redact Vie expenses, and secure the
faithfeil payment ef all (am*. .
■Sac. 4.. Se it -enacted fitc. That all laws
hateiefore ipassefl which authorise and re
quire (lie appointment of collector of taxes,
and the same ore "hereby, repealed , and
hereafter it shall be the doty of all assessors,
school directors,supervisors of roads and over
seers of the poor of this Comihonwealth,
when they shall have made an assessment
of laves necessary for the respective purposes
of their township or district according lo the
pro-visions of existing laws, they shall make
a return thereof to the county commissioners,
on or before the day of
in each and every year; and upon failure
so to do, each and every of them shall be
subject to a fine of fiity dollars for the use
of their respective townships, to be recover
ed as debts of like amount are now by law
SECTION 2. That it shall be the duly of
the county commissioner*, so soon as they
shall have received the returns provided for
in the first section of this act, lo ccuse (ran*
cripts thereof to be made exhibiting the
amount of each tax payable, and cause five
days' notice thereof to be given by Hie as
sessor of the township, whose duty is here
oy made to give such notice to each indi
vidual of such tax so assessed, and of the
time and place whera he may appeal from
such taxation ; and when the appeals shall
have been held u is now by law provided,
the said commissioners -shall cause dupli
cates thereof for each and every township to
be made out and placed in the hands of the
county trea-urer for collection and disburs
SEC 3. That, to facilitate the collection of
taxes, it shall be the duty of the county treas
urer annually to fix a lime and place for eacli
borough and township in the county, when
and where be shall attend lo receive pay
ment of all taxes assessed for said borough
and township ; no one of which appointments
shall be later than the fifteenth day of July
of any year ; and of which appointments it
shall be his duty to give at least two weeks'
notice in all the newspapers published in
the said county ; anil at any of said appoint
ments, at all times, it shall bo his duly to re
ceive any tax which is due and payable by
any person or persons, although be she or
they may not reside in the borough or town
ship for which the appointment may have
been made.
SEC 4. That every person or persons,
body politic or corporate, who shall on or be
fore the fifteenth day of July of any year pay
the full amount of hit or her or their taxes
forthat year to the county treasurer, shall be
entitled lo a deduction of five per centum of |
the amount thereof; and if not then paid It.a
full amount thereof shall be payable.
SEC. 5. That immediately after the first
dav of September of each and every year, it
shall he the duty of tho county treasurer lo
make out a duplicate or list for each town
ship, ward or borough of all taxes which
shall then remain unpaid, with a warrant
thereto annexed, directed to the constable
thereof, authorizing and requiring htm lo
-ii -—I. iei wiihtii forty days from
the date thereof: and to enable him so to do
he shall have the same powers and authority,
and shall proceed in the same manner as is j
provided by existing laws for collectors of
lax, dispensing however with the previous ;
demand which collectors are required to
SEC. 6. That il shall bo tho duty of the
constables of lownsbipr, wards and boroughs
of this Conimonwcalih lo perform the duties
required of them by the preceding section ;
and that they shall porform the said duties
faithfully, and shall collect and pay over to
the county treasurer the]air.ount of the dupli
cates thus placed in their hands; the said
constables shall be liable npon their official
bonds as they are now liable for the collec
tion of ether debts; and the several courts
of quarter sessions shall have the power lo
increase the amount of the penalty of their
bond in all cases in which the exigencies of
the case shall require it.
SEC. 7. That il shall he the duly of the
said constable to make a return of his said
warrant to ihe county treasurer within forty
five days from and after the lime when it
shall have come into his hands, at which
time he shall be accountable) for and pay
over to the counry treasurer the amount ot
his said duplicate ; Piovided however , That it
shall be in Ihe power of the county commis
sioners to exonerate the said constable from
Ihe payment of such taxes in his said dupli
cate as he could not with reasonable dili
gence have collected.
SEC. 8. That, for Ihe collection of any
lax less io amount than five dollars, the sev
eral constables shall be entitled to a fee of
twenty-five cts ; and where the'.ax is of five
dollars and upwards the said constables shall
in addition thnrero be entitled to a fen of
live per centum upon the same, which said
fee shall be collected from the defaulliug
tax-payer as the tax itself is collected.
SEC. 9. That il shall be the duty of the
county treasurer, from time to time as the
said taxes shall come to hand, to pay the
said state and county taxes as he is now by
law required to pay the same; and those
which shall have been assessed and paid for
road, school or township purposes he shall
pay ever to the respective supervisors, school
directors or overseers of the poor who shall
be entitled to ihe same.
SEC. 10. The county treasurer shall give
bond with securities such as is now requi
red by law for the faithful performance of
the duties required of htm by this act; and
in full compensation for his services and
expenses be shall be entitled to retain out
of all moneys collected and disbursed by
him two per centum of the amount thereof.
Sec. 11. That if any county treasurer,
supervisor, school director or overseer of the
poor, shell hsve received eny money under
ibe provisions of this act, shall apply the
same to bis own use, or neglect and refuse
to pay over an d appropriate same at by
law he is required, or shall use the tame
for any purpose other than that contempla
ted by this act, in addition to* the liability
on hi* bend he shall be subject to indict*
mem for a misdemeanor, and upon con
viction he shall be sentenced to undergo
imprisonment ia the penitentiary of the dis
trict lor a term not less than six months
nor mora than three years, to pay the mon
ey so withheld, and the cosis of proeecu
SEC. 12. That hereafter township asses
sera shall be elected to serve three year*,
and the first election thereof under this act
shall take place on the day of
one thousand eight hundred and fifty ,
to which time the terms of the present in
cumbents be and is hereby extended.
A case was last week tried before Judge
Jones, in Berks county, whicti may do some
good to be reported by the press generally,
and we condense a statement that may be
understood :
Commonwealth vs. John D. Kauffman.—-
This was an indictment of embracery, or at
tempting lo improperly influence a juryman.
The can was orie determining the annual
value of a farm, in which Jacob Forney was
PUT. Lydia Forney—the mother-in-law of
John S. Kauffrnau, was deft.—the defendant
asserting it wasjworth SGOO. QMMMBM
marked with a view ot two off AnMfhjtl
standing by the Court House,! wSMfttwl
that he would not give one
i fur it. For this he is lound ssnßrSl
charge preferred. iThe judge gavetnTs wide
application of the law in such cases
From the moment that the name of the
Juror is announced in the papers, yes, from
the time it is drawn from (lie wheel, his per
son is consecrated to the purpose of justice.
The law draws around him an invisible cor
don which no man n.ay pass but at his per
il. It is as complete, the moment he is se
lected as w hen he is impanneled.
This institution is attacked by any attempt
to influence or prejudice a jury. The de
fendant in this case is charged with such an
alfempt. To speak of a case accidentally in
the presence of jurors without knowing their
character, is no offence ; but il the defendant
knew they were jurors, nnJ knowingly used
language in their hearing calculated lo in
fluence their verdict, the offence is complete.
No one is permitted to spenk to or at a juror.
It will not do to sit down in a tavern and c'is
cuss a case in the hearing of jurors, although
not a word may be addressed lo them. Any
attempt to influence their minds is an oflence
in the eye of the law, and punishable.
At the same court another case was tried
which may serve to illustrate the liability of
corporations for neglect of duty in their offi
cers. The plaintiff owned a house in Exeter
township, near the railroad, which was set
on fire by sparks from a locomotive on a
windyday in August 1851. The court charged
that if caution had not been observed pro
portionate to danger, the Company was lia
ble for die neglect of i's agent, and the jury
found a verdict for the plaintiff.
WE are indebted to C. R. Bt'CKAr.EW,
KSQ , for a copy of the Veto Message of Gov.
now we have the veto, which veto of Gov.
Big'.er lias been sustained and approved of by
the Senate of l'ennsylvatiia, by a vole of
NINETEEN lo TEN—nearly two-thirds.
Honest temperance men will find out that
Bigler was a belter temperance man than
Pollock, all pretences and prefessions to the
contrary notwithstanding.
TY TIIE Whig Editor of the Lewisburg
Chronicle has not a very exalted opinion of
some of the Know-Nothing officers of the
Legislature. Me says, "we are favored with
a 'Dutch Botschafl in the German language'
from the Transcribing Department in the
House, at Harrisbnrg, which it took two of
the new K. N. Clerks lo frank, and neither
of them could read ! although one ranks Ma
jor General in the militia, and we helped
make the other a Colonel, up at Sheshequin,
a dozen years ago. Really, such deficient
scribes don't speak well fur the new Admin
TY IN Speaking ol the Post Office De
partment and Judge Campbell, the National
Intelligencer, of Washington says:—"We do
not believe that the duties ot any depa-lment
of the Government are more arduous, or are
discharged with rr.ore intelligence, assiduity,
or success than this one." Coming from
where it does this can be considered a great
compliment, and the authority cannot be dis
(V" CIUNMAL VV. '1 HOSIPSON lately brought
suit against the Pennsylvania Coal Compatiy
ior turning water upon a lot belonging to him,
on Main Street in Piltston. It occupied the
court eight days, and resulted in a verdict of
$5.77 83 for plaintiff.
l at llarrisburg on Wednesday of last week.—
- Colonel Hiram Muhz, of Allegheny, presided,
assisted by sixteen Vice Presidents. Strong
Prohibitory resolutions were adopted.
passed the Prohibitory Liquor Bill, with thp
proviso that the poeple shall vote upon il in
October. The Senate has yet to act upon
CF" THE Chambersburg Valley Rpiril, one
of the most reliable journals in the State,
takes strong ground in favor of Judge Doug
lass for President.
W AMONG the applicants for the United
States Senatorship are Prof. Tiffany, of Car
lisle, and Dr. David Jayne, of Philadtlphia.
TY MR. TAGGART read in place, in the
Senate on the 16th inet., an act to incorpo
rate the Milton Savings Bank.
IY CLINTON WELCH, a lawyer of Lewis
burg, Union county, was drowned in the
Delaware, at Philadelphia on Friday last.
U&tualionol Otyartmcnl.
For the purpose of such cooperation as
shall best promote the cause of education,
the County Superintendent will mem the
Teachers, School Directors, and all ethers in
terested, from the northern piilf of the coun
ty, at the School house in Grangeville on
Saturday the 10th of Febirofcy next at 2
o'clock P. M.; and he will also in the same
manner meet those from the Sooth side of
the river at the Academy in Cattawissa on
Monday evening, February 12th naxt.
For the purpose of furthering the cause of
education, a convention of Teachers, School
Directors and others interested in the subject
will bo held at the Court-house in Blooms
burg or Saturday the 17ih of February next,
at 1 o'clock P. M, to lake such measures as'
shall seem best for all persons concerned in
the cause.
The call is mßde after conference with a
number of Teachers and Directors, who
think that beneficial results will follow from
an interchange of sentiment, or tha forma
tion of a Teachers Institute.
County Superintendent.
to eight. In France one to'ten.' In AnSlrfa
one to thirteen. In Holland and Ireland one
to fourteen. In Greece one to eighteen.
In Russia one to fifty. In Portugal one to
The Department at llurrisbnrg.
Mr. Hickok, the new Deputy Superinten
dent at Harrisburg, thus writes of the labors
in his department:
'' 1 find the drngery of the School Depart
ment is heavy, especially at some seasons
of the year—as you may readily infer from 1
the fact that there are over 1,500 districts in
the State ; and aside from the merely cleri
cal duties of filing and docketing reports and
returns, making pro rata distribution of the
annual State appropriation of $200,000 and
filling up and mailing the warrants—most of
which is done by an assistant clerk—the law
has clothed the Department with some of the
functions of a Supreme Court, by requiring
the decision, without appeal, of all contro
versies between directors, controllers, treasur
ers, and collectors concerning the duties of
their respective officers. Many of these ca
ses require as much careful investigation as
a regular law suit, concluded sometimes by
an elaborate judicial opinion. We are also
to give adr ice, explanation, construction or
information to the district officers, and to
citizens, relative to the common school law,
the duties of common school officers, the
rights and duties of parents, guardians, pu
pils, and all others, the management of the
schools, and all other questions and matters
calculated to promote the cause of educa-
Wljor |2r'
Sommon schools, is an inspiring Bubjeotjana
the deepending interest I feel in it, lightens
the burdens of its details, and prompts to
assiduous and unflagging effort to sustain,
develope and strengthen the system. It is
but just to state that my immediate predeces
sor, Henry L. Dieffenbach Esq., was a very
capable and efficient officer, and has left the
impress ol his talents, upon the administra
tion of the department."
Correspondence of the Star.
I'rom Philadelphia.
PHILADELPHIA. Jan. 29.—A storm is brew
ing among the " millingterry" that may as
tonish the natives before it is over. It is
said Gov. Pollock will try to follow in the
footsteps of the illustrious Gardner of Mas
sachusetts. In June last Col. Small was elec
ted General, and Major Pugh, Inspector of
the 2d Brigade, Penn. Volunteers, of this
City, according to the returns. A Court of
Inquiry was held over the election by the
proper officers of the Division and the elec
tion was found void and worthless. There
was hence a vacancy, and the Brigade was
temporarily in the command of the officers
next ii: rank, with a streak of Irish blood.—
A special election to fill the vacancy was or
dered by Gov. Bigler, to take place last Mon
day. One of the first acts of Gov. Pollock
was to annul this order of his predecessor,
and also the finding of. the Court of Inquiry,
and to reinstate Messrs. Smalt and Pugh.—
But an election was held. Two men were
chosen, and the Governor now refuses to
commission then:. Nousverrons.
The Democrats of the old County will
meet this evening in their respective wards
to elect delegates who shall meet to-mor
row morning for the purpose of nominating
a candidate for Senator in the place of Mr.
Foulkrod. The candidates so far named are
J. Murray Rush, William English, E. A.
Penniman, C. W. Carrigan, Thomas W.
Duffield, formerly a Whig, and Isaac Bry
ant a Know-Nothing. The Whigs and
Know-Nothings talk about John W. Stokes,
Oliver P. Cornman, Henry C. Pratt and
Sa.nuel C. Fold. Evan O. Jackson, form
erly of your county is also named among
the late Democratic Know-Nothings.
Since the completion of tho Sunbury and
Erie Railroad to Williamsport, several mil
lion feet of lumber have been received here
from the Weal Branch region, via the Catta
wissa and Reading Roads. Large quantities
are said to be ready for shipment next month.
Simpson has been acquited on the indict
ment for embezzling the funds of the Slate
as Treasurer. A s.mtife verdict !
Some recklcsti adventurers tried hard to
make a raise of funds out ol Doctor Beale
by securing a pardon lor him from Governor
Bigler. They worked hard at all the ropes,
but their labors were in vain.
The money market is getting a little more
easy. Flour is selling at $8 75. -and wheat
at 82 08. **
The corresponding editor of the Ijinstnirg
Chroniek, who is one of Governor Pollock's
officers, gives the following information as
to the manner of making appointments, It
is certainly mote to the credit of the Govern
or, than of his party, and is no doubt a just
"Gov. Pollock has been closely besieged
by throngs of applicants for office. They
have been as persistent and pertinacious as
gad-flies in the dog-days, but have thinned
ofT within a day or two. There are over 1,-
000 applicants lor the 20 offices at his dispo
sal. Some of them have discovered by this
time, that he possesses firmness and inde
pendence of character, as well as honesty
of purpose, and warm-hearted cordiality;
and that he is not disposed to shrink from the
responsibilities thrown upon him, or suffer
lire helm to escape from his own control.
Circumstances have also developed the fact,
that he will not, knowingly; appoint any in
ebriate, or profane swearer, or person of oth
erwise immoral character to any office in
his gift. One individual destroyed bis pros
pects at once, by presenting his application
in person, while intoxicated. Another ur
ged his own appointment in language of
hall 'pol ileii PSS, ami ha^h^is
ere!', have not lound linn quite so waxen
and impressible, as his benignant counte
nance had led them to suppose. These cas
ual indications of what may be expected, I
presume wil not be distasteful to the public
generally, however unexpected and unpalat
ble to smaller circles."
stated that a company of gentlemen in .New
York, have recently purchased the well
known Hose Hill estate,situate one mile from
the town of Wilkesbarre, end for many years
the country seal of the Hon. Geo. W. Wood
ward, Judge of the Supreme Court of Penn
sylvania. The company will control about
300 acres of anlhracife land, every acre of'
which is estimated to contain from 60,000
to 100,000 tons of coal. Direct railroad com
munication between this valuable coal re
gion and New York city, it is supposed, will
be completed next summer. The distance
is only 125 miles.
NEAI. Dow's NEW Lreoun BILE,now before
the special committee of the Maine Legisla
ture, inflicts for the first offence of selling li
quor, fifty dollars snd costs and four months'
j imprisonment, the second filly dollars and
| six months, the third one hundred dollars and
one year. Persons intoxicated must disclose
where they got their liquer oi go to the house
of correction. Express, railroad, and steam
boat agents will be liable to fine and impri
sonment for conveying liquors to or from
those not licensed, and no action is to lie
against any officer for seizing and destroying
where the warrant issues from a com-
UMMifnurl. These aiteinpls to tighten the
Ffctr-iiow how much it is violated.
the dietician, says tlratsaler
fMHt bread, used for the purpose of light
enmgtt, is poisonous. He do es not furnish
the proof; but gives the statements of a cler
gyman who saw certain ill effects procuoed
aftereaiing, which he atiributed to this sub
stance in bread. On this Dr. A. bases the
calculation that out of three hundred thousand
I persons who die annually in the United
Staels under ten years of age, one hundred
thousand are the victims of saleratus. Some
doubts arise whether it is used to the extent
this calculation would warrant. If it is, die
sooner the fact that its qualities are injurious
is determined, the belter.
or it was Bishop Ifbrner's opinion that
their is no better moralist than a newspaper.
He says:—
" Ttie follies, vicet, and consequent miser
ies of multitudes displayed in a newspaper,
are so many beacons con'inually burning to
to turn others from the rock on which they
have been shipwrecked. What more pow
erful dissuasive from suspicion, jealousy and
anger, than the s'.ory of one friend murder
ed by another in a duel? What caution
likely to be more effectual against gambling
and profligacy, than the mournful relation of
a despairing suicide? What finer lectures
on the necessiiy of economy, than the auc
tions of estates, houses and furniture 1 Only
take a newspaper, and consider it well— pay
for it—and it will instruct thee."
ANDREW JACKSON DAVIS, *' the Seer," who
sees things invisible to the ken ot ordinary
mortals, is on a lecturing tour. It is aston
ishing how a man who can look so far into
futurity has to lecture for a living. Most
men, possessing such a power, would real
ize a splendid fortune m hula time, without
the necessiiy of so much labor
ICE.—The Bostonians, who where tremb
ling for their ice crop, have recommenced
the operation of filling their houses, having
been enabled to do so by the late cold weath
ei. Ice ten inches thick is obtained in that
neighborhood. It is said that the ice trade
amounts annually to six millions of dollars.
It is sent to all the topical regions of the
Register says that the Schuylkill county farms
are improving in value and productiveness.
That paper slates that in England and other
countries, farms contiguous to the coal re
gions are the most productive and profita
been received from Washington by the au
thorities at New York to seize the Sardinian
frigate Dea Genys, shortly expected there
from Genoa, with a large number of crimi
nals on boarJ, and to detain her until an in
vestigation of the case is had.
Rev. H. W. MILLIARD is announced as an
independent caudidate for Governor of Ala
C3T We understand dial a party of twelve
children were aent eul 10 Montrose Pa., by
(he New York Children*' Aid Sociely, on
Friday last. These poor friendless children
were sent lo Judge Jeasup, of that place, who
has procured happy homes for them all.
VW Nobody would suppose, on firsl
thought, that more money is annually ex
pended in the United Slates for cigars, than
for all the common schools in the Union;
and yet it is found to be a faom
EF Nearly all ihe principle hotels in N.
York have closed their bars on Sunday, for
the purpose of aiding Mayor Wood's efforts
to suppress Sunday drinking.
RAILROAD SOLD —The Dauphin and Sus
quehanna railroad was bought for a nominal
price by Mr. Barlow, of New York, in be
half of all interested. It was eold by the
Sheriff, at Lebanon, on Friday of last week.
THE AUDITORS of Northumberland county
closed their labors on Monday last, after a
session of thirteen days. On account of pre
vious errors in accounts and. in duplicates
having been to a great extent rectified by
the auditors of last year, they were enabled
to perform tbeir duties with greater dispatch
than usual.
DIVISION or UNION COUNTV.—A bill for the
division of Union coumy was introduced |
last week into the House by Mr. Crawford, i
of Juniata. Petitions with three tliou%nd
names on lliern, in favor of division, have
been sent on to llarrisburg.
ces from California represent that Maj. Ham
mond, to whom Dr. Gwin, upon leaving,
entrusted the management o( his re-election
to the Senate, turns up as a candidate for the
position himself.
Powder Allll Explosion
On Thursday evening last, about 7 o'clock,
the inhabitants of our town were suddenly
aroused by a loud explosion, that shook the
whole village, and the buildings around fur
several miles. It was soon ascertained that
the large powder manufactory of Messrs.
Parrsh, Silver & Co., situate about two miles
below the Borough, had exploded, blowing
to atoms the drying-house and glazing-house,
destroying the stock-house and coal-house,
and also uttotly destroying the frame of one
mill and unroofing the other. The powder
in process of manufacture, in these latter
buildings, did not explode. At the time of the
explosion, two boys, aged about 19, wete in |
the packing house, as is supposed—one a j
white boy named Joseph Rhodes ,and the olh. j
er a colored boy, named Jerry Cuoper. They
were found the next morning, having been
blown about 150 yards, badly torn and man
gled. The explosion occurred in the drying
and packing-house. There is no possible
way of explaining the immediate cause of
this catastrophe, as the only persons that
could have known anything of the matter, j
in the first instance, were the two boys who
were killed. There was about 400 kegs of
of powder, finished and unfinished, destroy
ed. Total loss about 82,500.
The glass in the windows of all the hou
ses situated about the mills were broken, and
in some cases the sash and doors destroyed.
Before the report was heard, the light could
be seen for miles, which was soon followed
by a crash that made the stoutest tremble,
and that seemed to shake (he vary earth be
neath their feet. Tie blackened, burned,
mutilated corpses of the two boys, present
ed a sad spectacle lo look upon.— Wilkcsbar
re Union.
The steamship Pacific arrived at New
York, with dales from. Europe to the 13th
Tho Eastern question has assumed an en
tirely new and most important phase. The
Czar has accepted not only the four points of
the guarantee, but also the interpretation
thereof as explained by England, France and
Austria; but no armistice is granted, and
censequently hostilities continue nnabated.
It is yet doubtful whether the said accep.
lance by Russia is unconditional, or with
important explanations. The immediate ef
fect of the report %as to raise Consols 2 per
cent., but they afterwards tell off.
Prussia claims to take a share in the nvgo
lialton, but declines for the present to in
crease her army.
Omer Pacha has gone to Crimea.
The Russians have recrossed the Danube
and invaded the Dobrudscha.
The cities of Tultscha and Babadagh have
been retaken by the Rusians.
The siege of Sebastopol presented no new
features up to the 2d insl., although repea
led rumors of its capture have prevailed.
A terrible inundation lias occurred at
The conduct of Prussia and the Germanic
Slates are still equivocal, and the sincerity
of Russia is much doubted. This doubt cau
sed consols to fall back, alter having advan
ced 2 per cent., under the firsl effeol of the
news. ,
The allies, it is said, will insist on the
Russian naval power in the Black Sea being
placed on a level with that of the other
powers, as a proof of its sincerity. Oil this
point it is expected the negotiations will
split, as Russia vriTl on no account assent to
TIIE FOUR POINTS. —The following are the
four points alluded lo in Ihe negotiations :
1. The abolition of the Protectorate of
Russia over the Danubian Principalities, ar.d
the privileges of those provinces placed
under the collective guarantee of the con
tracting Powers.
2. The free navigation of the mouths of
the Danube secured according to the princi
ples established by the Congress of Vien
3. The revision of the treaty of the 13th
July, 1841, " in the interest of the balance
of power in Europe."
4. The abandonment by Russia of her!
claim lo exercise an official"protectorate over J
be Christian subjects of the Porte (to what
ever rite they might belong), in considera
tion of the Powers giving thelf mutual as
sistance to obtain from the Sultan a confir
mation and observance of tho religious pri
vileges of oil Christian communities.
The Austrian summons to.tfie Czar embra
ced the following additional points, but it is
not believed that they have been urged by
the Western Powers:
Austria in her final summons to Russia
demanded no modification of the interna/
possessions; and,
Besides the four points, an indemnifica
tion for the war expenses is to be a basis for
future propositions.
A future Russian protectorate over die
Greco-Cathohc subjects of the Porte is de
clared inadmissionnble, as interference with
the Sultan's sovereign rights The five pow
ers guarantee the privilege and equal rights
of the Christians.
The Russian protectorate in the Danobixn
Principalities and in Servia is declared ex
The navigation of .ho Black Sea is lo bo
guaranteed by the lazing of Sebastopol, and
by convening Ihe other arsenals on its coasts
into common harbors.
The Russian fleet to be four frigates and
two line-or-battle ships.
The remainder of the Black Sea fleet to
be allowed to withdraw to thP llultic, the
free I avigation to Lo insured by a formal
declaration. #
Thv Sulina months, uld. it,a environs, to
be declared a neutral territory.
Awful Tragedy at Munch (haulc-
MAUCII CHUNK, January 25 —A Brun
swick coal bunt, lying at the whsr'
caught fire last night, and the captain
named Cozgroff and liisson, were burn
ed lo death before they cottfil be rescued.
It is supposed the captain as well as his
son, were lying drunk at the time, and
perished from inability lo help themst-Nrs.
Their bodies were burned lo a crisp.
IMF" All appearances indicate that the
new county ol Lacknwartni will this win
ter be erected out of the Northern psrt of
Luzerne. Summon will likely be the
countv seat. We are pleased to notice
that Messrs. Allegar & Adsms have eont
m6need the publication of a good Demo
cratic paper there under the title of the
"Spirit of the Valley."
RY THE following are new tiie feres on
the Cattnwissn Railroad for passengers :
Between Philadelphia and Danville, 84 ft)
•lo do Rupert, 4 40
d" do Catlawrssa, 4 35
do do Tamaqua, 2 ."►
do do Milton, 5 15
do do Wdliamnport.s 'JO
OUR MINISTER TO FRANCE. —The report that
Hon. John Y. Mason had died at Paris has
not been confirmed. Though seriously at
tacked by paralysis, tho probability is that be
is still living.
IF" Gov. BIULES'S last veto was A bill in
creasing the capital of the llonesdale Bank.
tention of the reader issolicited to the adver
tisement of Agents wanted foe the series of
Pictorial books Nsued Irom the press of Mr.
Sears. Thee books 4iave met, and are meet
ing with a large sale throughout ihe Union,
and three latest publications, " Russia Iltut
trateil " China and India," and •' 'lhrxlling
Incidents in the liars of the United Suites
are in every way equal to the otlwr works
in point ol attraction and interest. What he
wishes to obtain is, competent Agents in er
ery section of ihe country. The readiness of
their sale offers great inducements for per
sons lo embark in their disposal, and M they
are of a high moral and unexceptional char
acter, there are none but who can conscien
tiously contribute to their circulation. Arty
person wishing to embark in the enterprise,
will risk little by senuing to the Publisher
825, for which lie will receive sample copies
of Ihe various works, (at wholesale prices)
ciuefully boxed, insured, and directed, af
fording a very liberal per centags to the
Agent for his trouble. With those he will
soon be able lo ascertain the most saleable,
and order accordingly.
Gf Catalogues, containing full particulars,
forwarded to all parts of the country free of
postage, on application.
its of (his purely vegetable extract for the
removal nnd cure ol physical prostration,
genital debility, nervous affections, &c., &r.,
are fully described in another column of this
paper, to which Ihe reader is referred. SI
per bottle, 3 bottles for 85; six bottles for
88 ; SIR per dozen. KFObserve the marks
of the genuine.
Prepared only by S. E. Cohen, No. 3 Frank
lin Row, Vine St., below Eighth Philadelphia
Pa., to tchom all orders mast be addressed. For
Sale by all the respectable Druggists and
Merchants throughout the conn'ry.
T. W. DVOTT u SONS, No. 13z North 2nd.
•1., Philadelphia, Sale Agents for Pennsyl
vania. 0
By A. W. Kline, on the 2!>th December
1854, Mr. ELI MCIIENRY and Miss SARAH
YOUNG daughter ol Abraham Young Eq ,
all of Benton township, Columbia county
On Tuesday last, at Ihe house of Mr..
1-aac Puiscl, in Hemlock, by the Rev. D. J.
Waller, WILLIAM L. FOUST of Lycoming co ,
and Miss HANNAH JANI BARTON of Pine, in.
the County of Columbia.
On Wednesday evening, Jan. 17th, by Ja
cob Sheep, Esq , Mr. MARTIN MOWRKT, of
Madison township, Columbia county, to Miss.
SARAH BRASS, of Valley township, Montour
At the residence of Mr. Joshua Bobbins
in Pine township, Columbia county, on the
18in inst., by Hev. K. Fullmer, Mr. WILLIAM
UNGER. of Lycoming county, to Miss ARA
MINTA HESS, of Columbia co., Pa.
In Rriarcreek township, Columbia co., on
the 12th inst., Mrs. SALLV ANN, wife of Johr.
H. Suit, aged 34 years, 11 month* and 5
Yesterday ( Wednesday ) morning in
Bloomsbnrg, THOMAS, son of John K. and
Elizabeth Grolz, aged about 4 years.
Homes fbr Rent!
TWO or three dwelling houses can be
rented by application at this office.
Valentines ! Valentines !!
Semimenldl, Comic, Fanoy, Plaiir and a
great variety ol choice valentines, prepara
tory to the memory of St. Valentine—l4th of
February—just received and for sale cheap
at the Bloomsburg Book Store.
Feb. 1, 1865. JOS. SWARTZ. •

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