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The star of the north. [volume] (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1849-1866, February 08, 1855, Image 2

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close. I have fairly and fully mat (he ac
cusations made by (he honorable gentleman
from Massachusetts, against the church of
tehioh lam a member. Step after step hfc
retreated, until he had planted himself on
the Bishop of Rome ; and there he challen
ged, the citation of a single disavowal on
the vpart of the Pontiff, that he claimed
temporal power over the subjects of other
Governments. Step by step I have followed
him, and-concluded the array of disavowals
by a presentation to this commii'ee of an
esplicit denial on the pait of the Pope that
any auch authority or right was claimed bv
the Church or by him.
Mr. Cbeirtnau, to the warnings expressed
here, and the nervous apprehensions expras
eed abroad, that the prevalence of the Cath
olic religion will be dangerous to the coun
try, I bore only to say, that we of this coun
try Jare in no.danger from Catholicity, Epie
copacy, Calvinism, Luthersnism, or other
form of Christianity. Sir, Christianity in
any form is better than infidelity and Alho
ism. And Atheism is now at work, as it
even has been busy, against the Christian
faith and Christian prohibitions. It assails
the Romac Catholic-first, because that creed j
: ituntie extensive, and without con idering ]
the evil which each is doing to religion j
Christian men are yielding themselves, un- |
conciously, co-workers with infidelity by I
(heir active hostility to each other.
Mr.'Chainnan, -if this country is to fall by ■
mny other means than ordinaiy deaay or lo j
cat convulsions, it is not Christianity, not the I
Christianity of Geneva, Rome, Scotland, or j
Hngland, that will produce the ruin. The
mischief will be wrought by infidelity.—j
Sapping first the confidence of the people I
in each other, undermining the foundation
of C brislian charity, breaking the bonds of
eocta'lHife, relaxing the ties of moral obliga
liana, setting creeds in hostile attitudes, till
Ibere is nothing left for hostility. And bring
ing down the whole scheme of domes tic, so
cial, and political life to the plans and enJs
of socialists and atheisis, who laugh at the
existence of a God, and seek their triumphs
in the obliteration of the doctrine and teach
ings of Chtist.
Mr. Chairman, I have forborne to day all
ralalialory imputations, all irritating com 1
-parisons, and confined myself to a refutation ,
of charges made against men of the Roman
Xlatholio creed. I have not aough: this con
teal, but, for the sake of honor, of truth, of
myself and my co religionists, for the sake
of the institution am) the Constitution of my
ded no point, nor attempted to darken oOun
sel. I have me: a charge fairly, candidly,
and truthfully. I have dealt in no street ru
mors. I have confided in no idle gossip. I
have adduced no testimony not of my own
knowledge, or from those who are authori
zed to speak to the question at issue, and
with veference thereto, with my hand upon
my heart, and my eye on Heaven, I call this
House, and ( I speak with reverence ) 1 call
my God lo Witness the truth of all the asser
tions made from my own convictions and
knowledge, and my entire confidence in the
credibility of all the testimony which I have
adduced from others.
NOTE— The Foreign Quarterly for January,
1836, says:—''ln the eleventh century the
iPapacy fought the Battle of Freedom.''
Ancellor., unfriendly lo the Pope, 6ays: —
"In the middle ages there was no social or
der: it was the influence and power of the
Popes that, perhaps, alone saved Europe
from a state of barbarism. It was their pow
er that prevented and stayed the deyioiism
of the Emperors, that replaced the want ol
equilibrium and diminished the inconveni
ences of the feudal system.''
Southey says:— I "The Papacy was moral
ly and intellectually the conservative power
o( Christendom. Politically; too, it was the
sating o( Europe."
And a Protestant writer, in the American
Encyclopedia, in an article on Gregory VII,
says:—"The Papal power was (or .sges the
-great bulwark of order amid the turbulence
of the semi civilized people of Europe."
AN EXTRAORDINARY BAJ.LOON ASCENMOJV
BT * WOMAN. — At Eastou, Northatniori coun
ty, last week, Mies Louisa Bradley ascen
.ded in a balloon.
fihe knew very little about the business
she had undertaken, or of the effects likoly
to be produced upon Jine balloon when it
reached the rarifled atmosphere. The bal
loon was an old one, and the silk had be
come Toltcn. When she reached this height
she states that the balloon, whioh was nol
entirely filled when it left the sartb, expan
ded, when lire gas brgan to e6oape at thb
seams, and became very offensive to her.—
This alarmed her, er>d she pulled the valve
rope, but permitted but little gas to escape,
as she was afraid she would fall into the
Delaware In a few moments after this the
balloon collapsed, and fell lor the distance
of six hundred or Beven hundred feet. It
eems that when the balloon burst it was
tom into ribbands, except the lower part or I
neck of the balloon. So completely was ths
upper part lorn *.o pieces, that large pieces
of silk blew a way, arid the remainder hung
down even below :he car. When she had
fallen-this diitano? the neck of the balloon
auddenty blew up, turning inside out, and
catching against the net >J'ork, formed a par
achute, which bore Ivor safely to d' e ground.
She came down in an open fie. I ''. nd so
lightly did the car strike the earth tii.al she
saya there was not the slightest jar. ix'er
presence of n.ind was extraordinary. After
this fearful fall, and when the balloon waa
still decending with terrific velocity, she
threw out her sand bngs and anchor, and
then with the utmost calmness commenced
einging a hymn. She alighted about four
mile* from this place. The trip must be
conaiderea B quick one, as at a quarter past
12 she rode into lown safe and in fine spir
it*.
BT Preeidetrt Hitchcock Jf* there are in
Great Britain, at the preaent day fifteen thou
sand steam engines driven by the means of
coal, with a power equal to that of :wo mil
lion* of men; and thua ia put in operation
machinery equaling the unaided power of
300,000,000 or 400,000 of men. The influ
ence thue emanating teaches the remotest
portions of the Globe, and tends mightily to
the civilization and happiness of the race.,
HT There is six feet of snow in the Nor
thern towns of New Hampshire.
otar of tl)c Norll).
R. W. WEAVER, M-ITOR.
UlOQUl abort; Thursday I'eb. 8, 1830.
Appointments by Gov, Pollock,
Governor Pollock has made the following
appointments:
Thomas J. Power, of Boaver county, ( A
mericau Democrat) Adjutant General of the
Slate.
Christian Myers, of Carbon county (Amer
ican Whig) Whiskey Inspector, for Phila
delphia.
C. L. Magee, (American Whig ) Inspec
tor of Weights and Measures for Allegheny
county.
Mr. Culp, ( American ) "Flour Inspector
for Pittsburg.
It is now well understood that Gov Pol
lock has appointed S'.eohen Miller, of the
Daily IleralJ, Inspector of flour at Pbiladsl
phia.
There is great complaint among the Pltil
adelphians at this decision of the Gover
nor.
Two or three other of the Philadelphia
appointments will de given to the interior.
t'otirt Proceedings-
Court opened last Monday with a pretty
large attendance. John B. °f
was appointed Foreman of the Grand Jury.
Among the busines done was the following :
Com. vs John Fruit. Assault and Battery
on Waller Johnson. True Bill, —Jury out.
Corn. vs. Coleman Cramer.—Larceny.—A
true bill- Defendant pleads guilty, an.! th?
court sentence him lo restore the property
stolen, pay a fine ol like value at'd the costs
of prosecution, and suffer imprisonment in
county jail for 60 days.
Com. vs. Flemuel K u rns. Fornication and
Bastardy. True bill. Pleads guilty and the
usual sentence.
Com. vs. John Wurdetl. Assault SEE. Not
a (rue bill, and that the prosecutrix, Louiea
Betz, pay the costs.
Coin. vs. George Hull. Obtaining goods
under false pretences. True Bid.
Several juries were called in civil cases,
but only one of the cases was lried and a
veidict rendered.
t"? HON. JOSEPH R. CHANDLER'S SPEECH
To the exclusion of our usual variety, we
conclude to-day the late able speech of the
Hon. Jus. R. Chandler, in defense of the
Catholic citizens, for which ue would ask
ait attentive and candid reading. The dis
tinguished speaker, who has been twice os
tracised by his parly—ouca for being, and
once for not being a member of a secret so
ciety, makes out a strong case against inter
ested partisans and dogmatical sectarians
who woul.t erwv from our constitution the
sacred guaranty of "liberty of conscience."
His defiance of papal temporal authority,
and his eloquent and patriotic allusion lo
"his own, his native land," attest his sin
cerity.
PCBI.ISHINQ THE LAWS IN THE PAPEI.S.
—The Legislature has rejected a resolution,
requiring the laws to be published in one of
die papers of each county. The only way
the people can obtain a knowledge of the
laws, is by such publication. Tho expense
will be but little more than the present
method of publishing a number of pam
phlets, to which not one in a hundred can
have Access. The plan is nol a novelty
It has been iu operation tn Ohio, lor some
years, and has given general satisfaction.
tsr A N UMBER of gentlemen have during I
t|, past week spoken to u> upon the sub
ject of the proposed new law for the collec
tion of laa'es- Every person, so far, agrees
that the principle of Mr. Ball's act is correct,
but the general opinion is that one per cent,
to the Treasurer arid two per cent, to the
constable would be a fair compensation, if
one man had all the taxes io collect.
rF" Far FEES.—Francis W. Hughe*, late
Attorney General of this State, received dur I
ing the past yeai S3IOO besides his salary
for collecting money for the Commonweai.il.
James McCormiek and John N. Purviance j
received as fees in one case 56750 from the j
StaK
fP' Not correct—the statement that all let
ters have to he pre-paid since the first ol
January. The bill of Mr. Olds, containing
such* clause, passed the ileus* but was
lost in the Sena*.
%sr We are told that there is more joy in
the wigwam, over one Democrat who joins
the Know-Nothings than o<er nine'y and
nine goud Whigs who belong to the conspir
acy already; for they care not to change the
polilios of Whigs but to lead Democrats iuto
delusion.
I V A Row occurred in Congress on the
Spth ult. between Mr. Farley and Mr. Lnne,
in the discussion of the Pacifio Telegraph
Bill. Mr. Lane called Mr. Farley a "damn
ed liar." The disputants made a rush at
each other, but were prevented from fight
ing by their friends.
OR THE DEMOCRATSof Philadelphia coun
ty have nominated J. Murry Rush as a can
didate for State Senator in place of Mr.
Foulkrod, deceased. The election will take
place on the 13tb iust.
TV HOUSTON AND POI.LOCK.—The Lock
Haven, Pa., Watchman, an American paper
just started, has placed at the head of its
columns the name of Sam Houston, of Tex
as, as its choice for President, and that of
James Pollock for Vice President.
Vf HORACE GHEE LEY'S salary as Editor of
the Rribunt, aside from his share of the prof
itetf the paper, it #SO per week.
BIJOK NOTICES.
A KNOW-NOTHIKO NOVEL. —Such another
colored political novel ai was ''Uncle Tom's
Cabin," has been lately published in New
York, inculcating the creed of the now po
litical party. All our Know-Nothing friends
who with to be booked up in their faith
must buy "STANHOPE BUBLEICH —the Jesuits
in our homes.'' It is the strongest argument
ol which their case admits; and the New
York Herald lays it was lately distributed
among the members of the New York legis
lature as a work to interest them. Stringer
& Towosend, 222 Broadway, New York, are
the publishers,
PUTNAM'S MONTHLY for February has been
on our table for several days. It is more
than usually; amusing and interesting. After
a hairy looking portrait of a "contributor" it
opens with "Diplomacy and Cannon Bulls,
—The Imperial Game in Europe," a very
sensible article |on the present position of
Russia and the Western Powers. If has the
double merit of brevity, and.plainness, leav
ing the reader in no doubt of the author's
meaning. "Living in the oouulry—a sec
ond epistle from Mr. Sparrowgrafs," is tho
second article, containing some encourage
ment for beginners on the bugle. "National
Defence," "The old woman who dried up
and blew away," "Mining Vanities," three
chapters of '"lsrael Potter," "Glimpses of
French life—the restoration," "The Progress
of our political virtues," with other articles
and "Editorial Notices" furnish
reading to suit all tastes. It is a good num
ber.
I'erms 83 per year or 25 els. a number.—
Two copies 86 ; five copies to one address
810.
G. P. Putnam & Co., 10 Park Place, N. Y.
BLACKWOOD'S F.DINBCRO MAGAZINE. We
have received the January number of this
ably conducted periodical—it has the follow
ing rich tabic of Contents i
The conduct of the war; Civilization ; ti.d
census—Education ; Zaidee, a romance—
Part II.; Rural Economy of Great Britain and
Ireland; Mr. Tnackery and his novels; Peaoe
and Patriotism, a letter to -Iret.acus; The Sto
ry of the Campaign, &e., —Part 11. Written
in a tent in the Crimea.
The present is a lavorab.'e lime for com
mencing subscriptions to the valuable for
eign periodicals re published in New York,
embodying standard literature of the highest
character. New volumes of the four lie
views and Blackwood commencing with
the North Briiish for November, 1854, and
the uther Reviews and Blackwood fur Janu
ary, 1855
TERMS— Payment to be made in advance. I
For any one ol the lour Review?, S3 per an.
For any two, " 6 "
For any three, 7 "
For all four of the Reviews, 8 "
For Blackwood's Magazine, 3 "
For Blackwood and 3 Reviews, 9 "
For Blackwood and the 4 Reviews,lo •'
LEONARD SCO IT & CO., Publishers,
79 Fulton st., entrance 54 Gold at.,N. Y.
SOMETHING NEW !—Fulton perfected the
steamboat; somebody gave the world the
railroad and locomotive engine ; Moras ac
tualized the electric telegraph. We have
now to announce an invention more impor
tant in its results, perhaps, than either of
them. Prof. Maclaurin, an .old and well
known teacher of penmanship in this city,
hs invented and brought to perfection a
system by winch every person, young o r
old, may in a few hours' practice, learn to
write a free, bold, beautiful and rapid hand
writing—rapid beyoutl belief. We have seen
a writing-book of Ihe largest size commonly
used in sckools, writen through from begin
ning to end, in a perfectly unitorm and beau
tiful band, like copper-plate engraving, in
two hours, by a little girl ten years old, af
ter a brief of instruction, ft is a mira
cle of science and art.
The system is a method of training the
muscle*, by a series of easy, progressive and
very rapid gymnastic exercises to form the
elements and combinations of writing. There
is a set of his instruction books, with direc
tions. by the, aid of which, any person may
teach himself, and be qualified to teach oth
ers; and the cost of the whole system, for
SKLK-Inslruciion, with pens and writing-books
complete ( sent by mail, post-paid), is only
One Dollar. We have examined the system
and its results; we have conversed with the
Inventor, and seen the Testimonials of the
best Teachers and most eminent Education
ists of this city, and have no question that
this system will supersede every other, arid
make rapid and beautiful writers as plenti
ful as they now are rare.— New York Lea
der.
We call the attention of our readers to the
advertisement of the ahoy# System, in our
columns, and to lha fact that fhe Publisher
is the respectable, well-established anj f?li
able house of Charles B. Norton,
DESTRUCTION OP LIQUOR BT WOMEN.—At
Mount Pleasant, Ohio, a party of about fifty
women at lacked a tavern and demolished
the casks, containing a targe amount of
liquor. They also seized the tavern-keeper
and dragged him through the liquor, which
stood about six inches deep on the floor of
j the tavern.
I Warrants were taken out bj the Police
Court fur the ar rest of about twenty of tire
aggressors, but the police returned arid re
ported their inability to execute the writs.
E7* ACCORDING to Judge Pearson, of Dau
phin, a man who goes from house to house,
or from tavern to tavern, and lukes Ave or
six drinks per day, is an intemperate man
under the " Buckalew Law." Judge Haynes,
of Chester, says that n man who gets drunk
ones in three months is an intemperate man;
and Judge Taylot, of Huntington, lias adobt
ed both these definitions.
VERY PERTINENT.—A writer in the Wash
ington Union thinks the Provisional Bishop
of New York, Rev. Horatio Potter, would be
acting more consistently with his calling, if,
instead of praying for the success of British
arms, he would pray for the salvation of im
mortal souls, and the prevalence of univer-
I sal peace. That's just it.
VALE Ol' TUE PUBLIC WORKS.
From a sensible article in _the Wilkesbarrc
Record weextnot the following paragraphs:
'The whole population of the state is grum
bling at the enormous taxes levied to pay ex
portses and interest on the publio debt. A
large majority ol on; people insist on killing
the goose that lays the golden egg, because
it eats grain m prices, and the public
works must be'soiil or given away. 'lnilaod,
almost any sacrifice will be submitted to, to
reduce the interest we have to pay. The
main line must he sold for tan million of
dollars, ( 810,000,000,) which will relieve
us of at least a lax of six hundred thousand
dollars, ( 8600,000.)
But says the Legislature, six per cent is
not enough for the use of money: eight per
cent, shall be legal iolerest. Of oourse, if
the people say so throogh their represents
'lives, this not only fixes the value for others
but for themselves. Two per cent, or eight
bundled thousand dollars per annum added
to the value of our public debt of forty mil
lions.
What say you lax-payors; are you willing
to pay eight hundred thousand dollars more
in taxes for the benefit of money lenders,
when you are so anxious at the same time
to rell your public works to reduce luxes?—
Suppose you do both, how are you off!
Ten millions for the main line will take
from your taxes six hundred thousand dol
lars. Good ! But at eight per cent interest,
the remaining thirty millions of debt will re
quire just six hundred thousand dollars more"
than at present. So without the main line,
your taxes will be no lighter, but heavier
because you will not itave the profit on it to
help pay. Then how do you like tha pro
position from Philadelphia?
Since the above was writen, we are indebt
ed to Senator Price for file of the Senate, No.
66 " A supplement to the act entitled 'An
act providing for the sale of the main line
of the publio works from Philadelphia to
Pittsburg.' Sect. 1 'Makes it the duty of the
Governor again to adverliae for proposals for
the sale of;!:? public works until the first
Monday of August next, Rnd that he may
accept any bid no; les6 than eight million* of
dollara payable in cash in twenty equal annu
al payments with interest half yearly at the
rate of Jive per cent per annum." This pre
sents a still worse leature for the tax-payers.
Flight millions at five per cent, will give us
only 8400,000; while' the increase ol two
per cent, per annutn, (lha difference be
tween six and eight per cent, legal in
terest,) on the 832,000,000 of debt still
remaining, will require a tax of $640,000. —
So uuder the operation of these Philadelphia
propositions the people will lose lha maio
line of our public works and actually be
two hundred and forty -thousand dollars a
year worse off than they now are, equal an
actual increase of state debt of over ten mil
lions six hundred thousand dollars at 6 per
cent."
From Ihe Pittsburg Union.
THE CANAL BOAKU.
A bill is now before the Legislature to ab
olish the Canal Hoard. A number of reasons
are urged in favor of it in publio; but the re
al object of the movement, at the present
lime, is to throw a little more patronage in
to the hands of Gov. Pollock. The bill pro
vides for the appointment of a Superintend
ent of Public Works and an Enginner—the
former with a salary of S3OOO, and the latter
with a salary of $2500; and also for the ap
pointment of two Clerks, each with a salary
of fifteen hundred dollurs. Thus far the ex
pense of the department of Public Works
would be increased by the bill, about four
thousand dollars over the amount at present
paid. And this, it must be remembered, is
in face of Ihe fact, that the same Legisla
ture is also about to pasa a bill for the sale
ol the great body of the Public Works. In
short, lire proposition is to make the expense
of managing half the public improvements
about twice ns large as what ia now necessary
for the whole of it.
We are beginning, at last, to understand
the true reasons why a committee lately re
ported against the sale of the West and
North Branch Canals, and in favor of the
sola of the Main Line. In the first place,
there will be no speculation in buying fhe
two former improvements. In the next
place, to sell the whole of the Stale Works
would deprive the present Whig and K. N.
Governor of the opportunity of obtaining pa
tronage, by a bill such as thai which is now
before the legislature.
We thus Bee the interesting programme
of the present refoim and economical ad
ministration. One great scheme is, to sac
rifice a part of the people's properly in order
to giaiily a horde of speculators. Another,
and perfectly consistent one is, that a small
part of lite works should be retained, in or
der to gire occasion for ilia creation of a
new department of public impiovement, and
for the consequent increaso of executive pa
tronage. Wo commend the plan to the con
sideration of lax-payers.
W Tin Consumption of Schuylkill Coal
by the city ol Philadelphia, during the year
18C4, as shown by the annual reports oi the
Reading Railroad and Schuylkill Canal Com
panies, was 468,231,20 tons. This was ex
-elusive of 34,175,13 tons consumed at the
Falls, 7,353,13 tons at Manayuuk, 14,722,02
Hons at Nicetown and Germantown, and (he
very large amount, 1,411,733,19 tons, sent
to Porl Richmond, of which a small portion
was no doubt cousumed there. It will thus
be seen that the consumption of Schuylkill
coal by the city and its environs considera
bly exceeds half a million of tons yearly,
being, as above, 524,481 tons, exclusive of
the quantity consumed at Port Richmond
During the same year, the quantity of Schuyl
kill coal consumed by tbe city of Read
ing was 114,243 tons, while at Phosnixville
the total was 63,733 tons, sod at Norristown
46,476 tons.
,Th Guano Business.
Mr. FRAILEY has offered a resolution in (he
Legislature, requesting the Judiciary Com
mitte to inquire into the expediency of bring
ing in a bill to protect farmers and Others
from spurious guano. The resolution con
templates the appointment of an inspector of
guano in the city of Philadelphia.
Situational department.
SCHOOL MEETINGS.
For the purpose of such cooperation as
shall best promote the cause of education,
the County Superintendent will meet the
Teachers, School Directors, ami all others in
terested, from the northern part of the coun
ty, at the School house in Orangeyille, on
Saturday the 10th of February next at 2
o'clock P. M ; and lie will also in the same
manner meet those from the South side of
the river at the Academy in Catiawissaon
Monday evening, February <lSth next.
'EDUCATIONAL CONVENTION.
For the purpose of furthering tho cause of
education, a'convernion of Teachers, School
Director! and others interested in the subject
will be held at the Court-house in Blooms
burg on Saturday the 47th of February next,
at I o'clock P. M , to take such measures as
shall seem best for all persons concerned in
the cause.
The call is made after conference with a
number of Teachers and Directors, who
think that beneficial results will follow from
an interchange of sentiment, or the forma
tion of a Teachers Instiiuip.
R. W. WEAVER.
County Superintendent.
IV During the month of January we have
visited schools in Sugarloaf, Benton, Orange,
Scott, Mountpleasanl, Madison, F'ranklin and I
Locust townships. Next week our labors
will commeuca in some other direction.—
The townships in which we find the Direc
tors seem to feel ttie most interest in the
cause of education are Sugarloaf, Beuton,
Bloom and Franklin.
Persons wishing to see u* on business
will always find us at home on Saturdays aud
Wedi^^ays.
PENNSTLTANIA SCHOOL JOURNAL. —The Jail
u%r.y number of ttiii valuable monthly, con
tains a full report ot the proceedings, discus
sions, &c., had at the late session of the
Stale Teacher's Association, in Lewistown.
The " Journal" is ever welcome, and fur
nishes a large amount of valuable education
al matter. Terms only 81 per jear, T. 11.
Burrowes, Editor.
IV EDUCATION is a companion which no
misfortune can repres*, crime destroy, no
enemy alienate, no despotism enslave. At
home, a friend ; abroad, an introduction ; in
solitude, a tolace; in society, an
it chastens vice; it gives at once a grace, an
ornament to genius. Without it, what is
man ? A splendid slave, an unreasoning
slave.
The Teacher Should be n Student.
The teacher is occupied with children's
work. He is attempting to convey ideas to
their minds aud must do it in a mode adapt
ed to their comprehension. For the time,
he becomes a chill himself. How, how
shall ho retain, undiminished, his manly
character? Plainly, by doing mau'a work
as well as that of the child. If sometimes
i be creeps, again he mnsl stand erect and re
sume the mien ar.d gait of manhood. Com-,
paring himself with the young minds whom
he is instructing, he may lancy himselfpi gi
ant. Ho nee. s, therefore, to hold intellectu
al converse with mar— hi* equal* ami supe
rior!. This will restore him to bis true plaoe.
His gigantic dimensions disappear, and he
agaut becomes a child. Ho who is always
the teacher, regarding himself as such, will
form an over estimate of hitnsolf; he must
look at himself from another, point of view,
if he would correct the false impression and
obtain a true estimate. Ho must bo a learn
er as well as a teacher.
The remedy, then, for this narrowing ten
dency of elementary instruction, or, if you
please, of ail leaching, is private study—
Ohio Journal of Education.
ar LET parents see to it that scholars at
tend school regularly, are there at'proper
lime in the morning and at noon, and that
they study lessons thoroughly. The School
master cannot do everything.
E7" IT is cheaper to build School houses
than penitentiaries,—to pay Schoolmasters,
than Judges, lawyers, juries.
THE MISSOURI SENATOR.—The Legislature
of Missouri has a hard time in mafcmg a
United Stales Senator. The two branches
were to have met in Convention on Thurs
day last, for the purpore of making still an
other attempt to elect a United States Sena
tor. The Union learns, through a private
source, that several ballots bad been taken
on that day, which showed again for Mr.
ATCHISON of six over his previous highest
vote.
PROPOJEDNKW COUNTIES.—There are prop
ositions before the Legislature for at least a
dozen new counties. One of these proposes
to erect the upper pail of Lancaster into a
new county to be called "Jackson" making
Enphrata the county seal, then there is "Pol
lock" out of Dauphin, Lebanon, and Schuyl
kill; "Madison" of Berks, Chester and Mont
gomery; "Penn," out of Philadelphia and
Bucks, and some half dozen others out of the
mountain and western counties.
HON. JAMES MILES, of Erie, has offered to
donate to the Pennsylvania Agricultural So
ciety, two hundred acres of land, situated in
Girard township, Erie county, provided the
organization locate an Agricultural College
nu said land.
PRINCE DEMIDOFF, the richest prince in Eu
rope, has offered his large fortune to the Em
peror of Russia to carry on the war. His in
come is about 8200,000 a year. The Czar
will no doubt appreciate this patriotic sacri
fice.
OT THERE is a man in New York so op
posed to Catholicism that he wont travel on
cross-roads. He is the same man that wont
eat beef, for fear it might be a portion of the
Pope's last bull.
X3T Advices from the Sandwich Islands,
bring information oi the death of King Kam
ohameha, and that his son had been declar
ed the successor to tbe throne.
tW A FEW years back the Whig parly
claimed to have all the intelligence of the
country, Now, they are satisfied to be Know
Nothings.
Correspondence of the Public Ledger.
LETT Bit llto.tl IIARUIBOtIItU.
HARRISBURC, Jan. 23, 1855.—-The follow
ing supplement to the act of 1847, to define
and punish the offence of bribery, has been
pending and discussed before the Senste for
several days, and passed this morning : "Thai
110 person who shall have knowledge of any
facts material to the proof of the crime for
bidden, and punished by the act to which
Ibis is a supplement, shall be excused by
any allegation ot pretence whatsoever from
testifying his or her knowledge as aforesaid,
in any suit or any court of justice, or in any
inquiry or investigation before any commit
tee of the Legislature of this State : Provi
ded, The testimony of such witness not any
facts by him developed shall in no wise be
given in evidence against him in any civil
or criminal suit."
The object of this bill is to put a slop to the
bribery and corruption that hare disgraced
the Legislatures of Pennsylvania for a num
ber of years, and spread their odious fame
throughout the whole country. By throwing
wide open the door to testimony, and remo
ving all danger of persecution to the witness
disclosing his participation in those trar.sae
liens, it is believed that the opportunity of
bringing these corrupt practices to light and
punishing them, will be greatly increased.
Mr. Price in the course of his remarks, made
some disclosures startling to persons who
were not brought into contact with the last
Legislature, fie slated that after the pas
sage ol the Consolidation Bill through the
Senate, aod while it was jot pending before
ihe House, he was directly approached by a
member of the H , asking compensation for
support of the bill, a its safe conduct through
that body. Mr. Price promptly refused to
be engaged in such a transaction, and re
monstrated with the member upon the im
propriety of Lis course, representing the
justice of the Consolidation Bill, and the
unanimous sentiment of the people of Phila
delphia in its favor. The reply was, that lie j
was aware of that fact, but ha thought there
was "something in it," and that he might as
well mako a little, and that he knew fifteen
others who were ready to aid in its passage
far a reasonable compensation, Thoroughly
disgusted at the mail's venality, Mr. Price
rose in order that ho might depart, when the
miserable creature turned, and ui a last np
peal exclaimed, "Can't you give us five dol
lars a-piece ?"
Am nit Illustration of the character of the
Legislature abroad-, Mr. Price related ait ill-
occurred to him during a recent
voyage to Europe. Me embarked in one ol
the first class steamers, oil board of which
he was introduced to an officer of the army;
a man of approved valor, a thorough gentle
man, and one'of liberal acquirements. Af
ter the acquaintance had ripened into inti
macy, this officer informed him that when
he was first introduced as a Pennsylvania
Senator, he felt great reluctance to take by
the hand or cultivate such an acquaintance;
that in the West the character of the Legis
lature of Pennsylvania was must odious, and
that lio had often felt mortified by the infa
mous reputation thus attached to his native :
Slate.
A very large number of petitions were
presented front Bucks county, signed by tax- j
ables of said county, to lite number of some I
1530, in favor of the proposed new coun'j
of i'ettn, out of Bucks and Philadelphia.
M.
From the Pittsburg Union.
Mil. HiUPP'S CONFESSIONAL.
Through the kindness of a member of the
j Legislature, we have been favored with a
copy if Mr. CI.APP'S bill, which purposes to
establish Courts of Conciliation. On peru
sing the document, a stranger would suppose,
that it was the creation of some unfortunate
individual, who had seen so much of the
Courts of Compulsion, that lie was disposed,
if possible, to organize a tribunal, which
would administer juslioo in kid g'eves. But
we attribute to the member from Venango,
no such unworthy motive. We have given
the bill a careful consideration ; and it cer
tainly present" some novel features ; but the
most remarkable one is its secrecy, and, we
suppose, this is the reason the Know-Noth
ir.g Legislature ordered a thousand copies to
be printed. Tile bill provides, that there
shall be a judge elected in every ward and
township, who is expected to work for noth
ing and find himself. When any body has u
cause of complaint against any body else, lie
or she will if he or stia chooses, go to the
judgo and thoreupon that honorable individ
ual will issue a polite invitation to the oppo
site parly to come before him and talk the
matter over. If ha chooses to come, he can,
and if he doesn't, he need not. If ha dot's
come, however, the judge lakes him, and
the apposite parly, into a ptivulu room, where
• hey can say what they please, because the
bill makes the communications strictly and
confidential. * No lawyers are allowed to be
present, and no witness, the idea of Mr.
CLAPP being, that the less the judge knows
about the matter, the belter Tha feature of
dispensing with lawyers and witnesaos, seems
to be copied from the Spanish Inquisition.
While the idea of drawing admissions and
coulessions oul of an offending party, comes
with a bad grace from a member of that
great society, that has risen lo i's present pos
ition, by abusing the Catholic confessional.
For the lile of us, we cannot see what would
be the difference, aupposing Mr. CLAPP'S
courts to be organized, between the functions
of a judge of conciliation-and those of a con
fessor, except thai the judge would have the
right to make out a decree on the admission
of iho defendant, and send it to another tri
bunal to bo curried into effect. Know-Noth
iugism has cdrtainly found an able advocate
iu the Divine turned politician. It is useless
to follow the bill through all its absurdities;
but there is matter in it for something more
than ridicule. The idea ruuning throughout
the whole of it, is the supposed advantage
of a court of secret session, operating by an
appeal to the conscience. We do not pro
pose to waste wotds in opposing such an
opinion; hot we are glad, that if a proposi
tion to revive the judicial procedure of the
sixteenth century, had to bo made in the mid
dle of the nineteenth, it nhould come from a
member ot the Know-Nothing Legislature.
Just as we Expected.
Mrs. Sarah Young-, one of the wives ot
Brigham Young, in Ultth territory, and a
Miss Eliza Williams, are about to travel the
United Sifttes, on a lecturing expedition
against Mormonism. We suppose opposi
tion to Moimoit ism would be a speculating
scheme in the hands of >ome fetilire* or
strong-minded woman, before lorg, enH iho
announcement by these two women ot their
intentions, proves our conclusions right.—
Mormonism at fir-t, was, and is still, a vijb
hoax by which simple-minded people are
led to the adoption of a system at variance
with every principle of Christianity and so
cial order. It was designed to enrich some
\ at the expense of the credulous, and thus far
has worked admirably.
What a credulous people no are! One
set get np a humbug and make a fortune
out of it, and another do the same thing by
opposing it. We presume, however, it is all
rtglr.— llarrisburg Union.
biLi ca Caeca Cct.-!.iKatcs---UaQUK.sciiANLK
Fina—Four years ago, what is now callc I
the old breaker, at Thomas 4 Dually'* mio",
caught fire ftortt KII explosion. The -fire
was communicated to rhe dirt heaps around,
where it had been seemly burning ever
since . It made its appearance again, about
live weeks ago, in the immediate vicinity of
the new briaker, and men were, ar d are
still employed in removing the d.rt heaps
there, that being the only method praclica
bio to insure safety. A stranger might pass
it in the daytime, and not nonce it as there
is but litUe smoke, and the daylight drowns
every other appearance of ilm lire. It U
only at night that the danger present* itself
in its reality—showing itself to the beholder
in an enormous mass of lire, partly hidden
by u thin coating at the top, nut yet consum
ed, and decorated with a number of pretty
blue lights, proceeding from as many bright
spots r.f burning anthracite coal. Thu mine
has stopp-d, as well as every ether mine in
the neighborhood. It is qu,t hard times
for the poor miners.— Pottsville Register.
rr During the year 1854 no fewer than
76,C87 persons died in London out ol a pop -
ulation ol two millions and a half; 4855 morn
than died durmg the disastrous chulura your
1849.
Snot: MAMT.ICTI'BINO —About 1,000 per
sons including men, wrmieh and children
are out ol employment in Lynn. 'lWshod
manufactures hive beon obligrj to contract
their business, which throws many out of
wo'k.
RELIEF FUR DA kisi—The National
house ol Representatives pa;sod the Senate
resolution u lu-rizing tiro Navy Department
lo 6ettd a steamer und a tender to the relief
or rescue of Dr. Kane arid h-is Arctic expe
dition. The Secretary of the Navy wilt dis
patch the vessels ordereit immediately.
RAII .aiiAiis TO HK FENCED IN .—The Legis
lature ol Illinois has a bill before it requiring
all railroads lo tie fenced in. It Iris passed
one House, and ft Is beloved will pass the
other.
THIS OHIO LMCOIT LAW has beea sustain
ed by ihe unanimous decision of the Su
preme Courl of thai State cn all its points.
It is said t hut ihe Russian war bus already
made 11,090 widows in England.
SfECIAL NOTICES.
To PERSON* OCT or K.MPI.OYMEN r—The at
tension of the reader issolicited to iho adver
tisement of Agents wanted foe the series of
I'ielorial books issued Irom the press of Mr.
Sears, These books have met, and are maot
ing with a large su!o throughout the Union,
arid three latest publications, '• Russia Illus
trated" China and India,", and " XhrdUnf
Incidents in Iks Ifars of the United Slates,"
are in every way equal to the other works
iu point of aUraciiori and interest. What he
wishes to obtain is, competent Agents in ev
ery sooiroti of the country, The readiness of
their sale offers great in Jucenrmits for per-
I suns to embark in their disposal, and as tltey
are of a high moral arid unexceptional char
acter, there are none but who can conscien
tiously contribute lo tlintr circulation. Any
person wishing- to embark in the enterprise,
will risk little by sending lo the I'ubltsher
*25, for which he will teceive sample copies
of the various Works, (at wholesale prices)
catefuily boxed, insured, anil directed, at
lording a very liberal per cenlags to the
Agent fur his trouble. With those he will
soon be able lo ascertain the mol saleable,
ami Older accordingly.
OT Catalogues, containing full particulars,
forwurdeJ loall parts of the country free of
postage, on application.
HENIIY'S INVIGORATING CORDIAL.- The met
its of this purely vegetable extract for the
removal nud cure ol physical prostration,
genital debility, nervous affections, &a,
are fully described in another colli am of this
paper, lo which the reader is referred. 52
per bottle, 3 bottles fur #5; six bottles for
58 ; 516 per dozen. txrObsorve the marks
of the genuine.
l'repared only by S. E. Cohen, No. 3 Frank
lin Row, Vine St., below Eighth Philadelphia
Pa., to whom all orders must be addressed. For
Sale by all ihe respectable Druggists and
Merchants throughout the country.
T. VV. DVOTT A SONS, No. 132 North 2nd
st., Philadelphia, Sale Agents for Pennsyl
vania.
~ 7
On the 18lh of January, by the Rev. E. A.
Sharretts, Ht the residence of Mr. Conrad
Bittenbender, Mr. GEORGE FENSTBRMACIICR,
and MARY ANN KNORR.
On Ihe 24th nit., by the Rev. Henry T*t
lidjre, Mr. HIRAM AFPI.EMAN, of llemlnuk,
Columbia Coanly, lo Miss MARY AFPI.EMAN.
military Notice!
THE Members of thu Washington Caval
ry, belonging to thu battalion ot Columbia
Guards, are hereby notified lo return all
their arms and accoutrements which belong
lo the CoramnnweaHh, lo Maj. Joseph P.
Connor or Gen. M. M'Dowell,. without de
lay. H. R. KLINE.
Brig. Inspector, Is! Brig., 9th J) , P. V.
Orange township, Jan. 13, 1855. 3t.
"" Justices of (lie Peace
AND CONSTABLES can find all kind of
blanks desirable for their use, in proper
form, at the office of the'STAR or THE NORTU
i'aucy Paver
Envelopes, Pens, Ink, Writing sand. Ac
an be fonnd at t he cheap Bock store of
JOSEPH SWARTii,

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