Newspaper Page Text
THE STAR OF THE NORTH.
R, W-s Weaver Proprietor.] VOLUME . THE STAR O F THE NORTH IS FUBLI6IIED EVERY THCS*D* V MOttlNG BY K. W. >VEAV£B OFFICE— Up stain, in the tieC' trick build ing, cn the south side of Muisl Stiff*? tliiid square below Market. TER MS :—Two Dollars per annum, if paid within six months from the time of sub scribing ; two dollars and fifty cents if not paid wilbin the year. No subreription re ceived for a less period than six months; no discontinuance permitted until all arrearages 'arc paid, unless at the option of the editor. APVERTISF.MFKTS not exceeding one square Y*ill be insetted three limes for One Dollar Bnd twenty five cents for each additional in sertion. A liberal discount will be made to those who advertise by the year. From the National JEgis- MAUD MUI.LER.--Dy John Ci. Whrttlcr. MAUD MUM.KB, on a summer's day, Raked the meadowsweet with hay. 'Beneath her lorn hat glowed the wealth Of simple beauty and rustic health. Singing, she wrought, and her merry gleo The mock-bird echoed fiom efcry tree. Bat, when she glanced to the far-off town, White from its hill-slope looking down, The sweet song died, and a VagUe urirest And a nameless longing filled her breast— A wish, that she hardly dared to own, For something belter than she had known. The Judge rode slowly down the lane, "Smoothing his horse's chestnut mane. He drew his bridle in the shade Of the apple-tiees, to greet the maid, And itt-k a draught from the spring that flowed Through the meadow, across the road. She stooped where the. cool spring bubbled up. And filled for him her small tin cup, And blushed as she gave it looking down 'On her feel to bare, and her tattered gown. '■Thanks!" said the Judge, "a sweeter draught From a fairer bond was never quaffed." He spoke of the grass and flowers and trees, Of the tinging birds and the humming bees; Then talked of the haying, and wondered whether [er. The cloud in the west would bring foul w calb- And Maud forgot ber brier-torn gown, And her graceful atrk'es bare and brown; And listened, wbilo a pleased turpi i o Looked from her lottg-lauhed haze! eyes. At last, like one who for delay Seeks a vain excuse, he rode away. Maud M uller looked ami sighed . " Alt me ! j That I the Judge's bride might be ! s ' He would dress ine up in silks so fine, And praiaaad least im.ai.h.s aima, <l My father should wear a broadcloth coat; Tdy brother should sail a painted boat. **' I'd dress my mother so grand and gay, And the baby should have a new toy each d. y ' ■*' And I'd leed the hungry and clothe the 1 poor, And all should bless me who left our door." j The Judge looked buck as he climbed ihe ' hill, And saw Maud Mutler standing still. "A fotm more fair, a face mote sweet, Ne'er hath it been my lot to meet. "And her modest answer and graceful ait | Show her wise and good as she is fair. "Would she wore mine, aid I to-day, Like her, a harvester of hay. ■"No doubtful balance ofTigbls and wrongs, No weary lawyers with endless tongues "But low of ea'.tle and song of birds, And health and quiet and loving words." But he thought of his sister, proud and cold, ! And his mother, vain of her rank and gold. : So, closing his heart, the Judge rode on, And Maud was left >iti the field alone. But the lawyers smiled'that afternoon, When he bummed in court an old luvelune ; And the young girl mused beside the well, Till the rain on the unrated clover fell. He wedded a wife ol richest dower, Who lived fdr fashion, us he for power. Yet oft, in his marble hearth's bright glow, He watched a bright ptcltrro come and go: And sweet Maud Mullet's hazel eyes Looked out in their tnnoceu: surprise. "Oft, when the wine in hia glass was red, He longed lor the wayskle well instead ; And closed histyes on bis garnished rooms, To dream ol meadows and clov.tr brooms. And the proud man sigfred with a secret pain, "Ah, that I were free again 1 "Free aa when 1 rode that day, Where the barefoot maiden the hay." She wedded a man unlearned and poor, And many children played jound Iter door. But, care and sorrow, and child-birth pain, Lett their traces on heart and brain. And oft, when the summer sun shone hot On the new-mown hay in the meadow lot. And die heard the little spring brook fall Over the roadside, through the wall. In the shade of the apple-Uoe again She saw arider draw hi* rein, And, gazing down with a timid grace, She fell b.s pleased eyes read her face. Sometimes her narrow kitchen walls Stretched away into stately halls ; The weatr wkeel to a spinnet turned, The tallow candle an astral burned, And for him who sat by the chimney-lug Po/ing and grumbling o'er pipe and mug, A manly form at her side she saw, And joy was duty and lore and law. Then she took up her burden of life again, Saying only, " It might have been." Alaa for maiden, alas for Judge; For neh repiner and housebolu drudge ! God pity them both ! and pity us all, Who vainly the dream* of youth recall. For of alt sad words of tongue or pen, The saddest are these :' It might have been!' Ah, well! for oe ell some eweet hope lies Deeply burled from human eyes; And, in the hereafter, angels may Roll the atone from it* grave away BLOOM'SISTJRG, COLUMBIA COUNTY, FA ,'THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 22, 1855. UNITED STAI ES SENATOR. As everything relating to tlria subject pos sesses especial interest at this lime we give In full the pioceedings of the Legislature on the 'l3th inst : IN THE SKNATK.—Mr. Jordan introduced a retj'luiion fur the appointment of a Joint Cummin"* °' l ' le Senate and House to in quire whethe.* any undue influence or cor ruption has been L*ed 10 'frect the election of a U. S. Senator, and ."Uthorixing the Com mittee to send for perbPns • ni ' papers Adopted unanimously. IN THE HGU/E.—The joint resorption IR<T*UI | the Senate for the appuinlment of a select Committee relative to the charges of brl i bery in conyclion with the election of U. S. | Senator, was taken up, and led to an ani | mated debate, in which Messrs. Frailey, Mc- Combs, Cummiugs, 'Chamberlain, Carlisle, Kirkpatrick and Simpson participated. The resolution was then adopted by a vote of 97 l yeas to 1 nay. The Speaker and members of the Senate were then introduced aud 6ea(ed, aud the two Houses went into Convention (the Speak er of the Senate presiding) for the purpose of electing a United Stales Senator, to serve for six years, from Ihe. 4th of March next, in place of Ihe Hon. James Cooper, whose term expires. There was great excitement in the town on the subject, and the Hall of Representa tives was crowded with anxious spectators. The whole number of Senators and Rep resentatives present was 130, and 66 voles are necessary for an election. Mr. Melling cr of the Senate, and Mr. Clappof the House were absent. Tellers having been appointed, the con vention proceedod to ballot with the follow ing result: FIRST BALLOT. For Simon Cameron, (American) 58 ' C. R. Buckalt-w, (Deni ) 28 ' J. Pr ingle Jones, ... . )| ' D. Wiltnot, .... 9 1 Thomas Williams, - - - 8 ' James Veech, .... 8 ' Thomas H. Baird, ... -2 ' Henry M. Fuller, ... 2 ' ——- Smith, .... 2 ' .Geo. Chambers, .... l • J. C. Kuukle, .... t ' .I S. Black, .... l 1 O. H. Tiflany, .... 1 For S. Cameron—Messrs. Crabb, Cress well, Frazicr, Fry, Ifaldeman, Hendricks, Kiliiugcr, Sellers, aud Shuman, ol the Sen ale, arid Messrs. Aliegood, Barry, Bnal, Bow man, Caldwell, Carlisle, Clover, Crawlord, Criswell, Cuinmings, of Philadelphia, Cum min-, ol Somerset, T/orfal'dcon, Eysfkr, Fear on, Fletcher, Foster, Frailfey, F'ree, Gross, Guy,Haines .Hubbe, King, Kirkpatrick,Krepps, Lane, Leas. McConkey, McConnell, Mengle, Moirison, Muse, North, Paliner, Reese, Rit letihouse, Roller, Shorer, Smiih, of Alle gheny, Smith, of Blair, Steel, Siehley, Stur devuut, Waterhouse, Weddell, Wood, Yer kes, Zeigler, and Strong, (Speaker,) of the House. For Chas. R. Buckalew—Messrs. Browne, Goodwin, Hamlin, lloge, Jamison, McClin toek, Piatt, Quiggle, Sager, Walton, Wher ry aud Heister, (Speaker,) of the Senate, ar.d Messrs. Baker, Bush, Christ, C'aig, Dough erty, Dunning, Dugan, Fry, Johnston, Mc- Clean, Maxwell, Orr, Sallade, Stockdale, Thompson and Wright, of the house. For I. P. Jone—Messrs. Taggarl of the Senate, aud Fuusl. Harrison , Hodgson, Liu dernian, MoCombs, Magill, Pennypacker, Simpson, Smith, ol Philadelphia, and Slew ait ol th House. For David Wilrnot—Messrs. Avery, Bald win, Downing, Holcotnb, Laporle, Lalhrop, Lot!, McCalmoat and Wiekershant of tho House. . For Thomas Williams—Messrs. Dame, Frick, Price, and Skinner of the Sonate, and I Chamberlain, Powell, Ross aud Wtimer of the House. For Jas. Veech—Messrs. Ferguson, Fleu tiikeu, and Lew is of the Senate, and Ball, Franklin, Ilerratid McCulloogh of the house. 1 Eor H. M. Feller—Messrs. Yladdock and Morris of Ihe Houso. For Mr. Smith —Messrs. Fuller aud Tage of the House. For T. H. Baird—Messrs. Gwinner and Throne of the House. For George Chambers—Mr. Lowe of the House. FOT John C. Kunklc—Mr. Jordan of the Senate. For 0. H Tiffany—Mr. Bergetresser of the House. For J. S. Black—Mr. Buckalew of the Sen ate. No one having received a majority, Mr. Chamberlain moved that the Convention ad journ to this day Ihtee weeks. -Lost—6l yeas, 69 nays. After some debate upon the rules, and the disposal of various points ol order, the con vention proceeded to a second ballot, which resulted as follows: Simon Cameron, Charles 11. Ruckalew, * 27 Scattering, 42 The vole was the same as on the first bal lot, with the exception that Mr. Sallade, of Berks, who had previously voted for Mr. Buckalew, now voted for Mr. Cameron. There being nq choice, Mr. Teggert moved that convention adjourn, to meet on this day two weeks. The motion, after some debate, was agreed to. Yeas 67, nays 64, as follows: Yeas-Messrs. Browne, Buckalew, Crabb, Darsie, Ferguson, Flenniken, Frick, Ham lin, Jamison, Jordan, Lewis, Mellinger, Ptice, Sager, Skinner, Taggerf, Walton and Wherry, of the Senate, and Messrs. Avery, Baker, Baldwin, Ball, Bergetresser, Bush, Chamberlain, Craig, Downing, Edinger,Fear rpn, Fonst, Franklin, Fry,Gwinner, Harrison, Herr, Hodgson, IlalComb, Hubbs, Laporle, Lalhrop, I.inderman, Latt, Lowe, McCal mont, McClean, VcCombs, McCullough, Maddock, Maxwell, Magill, Mengle, Morris, Orr, Page, Palmer, l'enoypacker, Powell, Uoss Simpson, E. H. Smith, Steel, Stewart, Stockdale, Thorn, Wiekersham, Wifmdr and Wright of the House. Nays—Cresswell, Frasier, Fry, Goodwin, Haldernati, Hendricks, Hoge, Ktllinger, Mo- Clintock, Piatt, Quiggle, Sellers, Shuman and Heister, (Speaker) of the Senate, and Messrs. Barry, Boal, Bowman, Caldwell, Carlisle, Christ, Clever, Crawford, Triawell, Alex. Cummings, Jos. Cummins, Daugt*rly, Donaldson, Dunning, Eyater, FJetcher, Foster, Frailey, Free Grose, Glry, ttjine*, Johnson, King, Kirkpatrick, Krepps, Lane, Loas, McConkey, McDonnell, Mofri son, Muse, North, Revse, Ritlenbouse, Rut tet, Sallade, Shorer, D. L. Smith, George . Smith, Stehley, Slurdevant, Thompson, Waterhouse, Weddell, Wood, Yorks, Bigler, and Strong, (Speaker) of the House —64. The Convention then adjourned until Tues day the 27th inst. The members of the Senate then retired, and the Teller of the House reported the ac tion of the Convention. The House then adjourned until to-morow. Schuyler, the Kuined Danker. A New York letter writer makes the fol lowing comment upon the fallen fortunes of the celebrated Robert Schuyler: • I passed the other day the splondid man sion of Mr. Schuyler,whose stupendous frauds are so well known. It was closed, and ap parently solitary, though his. family still resi ded there. What a contrast a few months has apparently made in that family ! Its glo ry is dim. Crowds r.o longer assemble in the spacious parlors; the coaches of the splen did and gay do not line the sidewalk ; the brilliant lights a:id the dashing company no longer allure the crowd to herd around the curbstone—all is solitude. But what a les son does this even! teach. Mr. Schuyler had two characters. In bu* siness, on Change, at his rooms in the As tor, he was known as the high-minded, hon orable, successful, pure-minded man, one of whom New York was proud, and one whom she delighlhd to honor. Now come with me into one of the least pretending streets in New York. This house is as unpretend ing as the street. Mr. Spicer lives here. Let ns enter. Mrs. Spicer and a family of children from 19 years and under, compose the household. It is said to be a singular l'am4y. Mr Spicer is * singular man. one ever sebs him. The Butcher, the milk man, the landlord don't know him. Mrs. Spicer does all the business. Mr. Spicer comes in late ; he goes away early in the morning. He is a business man: he has so much bu siness that he is never seen in his family. Remain ihete day arid night, and you will never see Mr. Spicer. The daughters be come young ladies. They are well educa ted* They go out into -society, but no one knows their father. Mr. Spicer's name is not in the business directory. So bave this family lived for twenty years in the heart of New York ! At length the elder Miss Spicer is engaged to a most worthy man. ft ie needful to gain the consent of Mi. Spicer that the marriage may take place. A time is appointed and the mrpectant son in-law ia placed face to face won Mr Spicer He is told by the father himself that bis name is not Spicer, bnt it is Mr. Schuyler; thai tbe mother of bis daughter is not a wife; but if Itid daughter is taken in marriage Ihe mother shall bs wedded. Tho double act is consummated; the veil is removed, New York is 3gitaled for a moment by the disclo sures : an elegant house is taken on twenty second street, and tho family is launched on the wave of fashionable life. All the world knows tbe sequel. With so rotten a foundation, how could the superstructure stand 7 CT* Gov. Pollock was not quite so careful in the wording of his Inaugural as he might have been. Tbe "Johnstown Echo,'' allud ing to tbe Governor's statement that Provi dence had placed "limestone everywhere, and just where moat required," saja : —''How grateful we ought to be to Providence for be ing so kind as to furnish 'limestone every where, and just where me si required.' Hud a 'kind Providence' distributed 'litneslono ev erywhere,' and left none 'just where most required,' the busiuess would have been beautiluily botched." OF" Henry Ward Beecher, of New York, while approving the chief principles of the Know-Nothings, dislikes, as a great many others do, the practice of secret organization and meeting. He says:—An honest man is a secret political organization, has "the pe culiar advantage that fiiea have in spider'e web—the nrivilege of losing their legs, of bnazing without flying, and being eaten at leisure by big-bellied spiders." QUILTS.—We never look ut them with any pleasure; they remind us of one 6howr. to Dr. Johnson, whioh, having a good deal of red in it, provoked the surly old cynic to say: "It is all red with the blood of murdered Time." We expect to see them disappear, except as samples of the work of little girls, pot together in the way Of eduqalional exer cises.—Prairie Farmer. OF" A MISNOMEB.—'What are you 7' asked a railway passenger, of an obtrusive official. 'The Conductor.' 'What'e your name 7'— 'Wood.' -Pooh I' exclaimed ihe querist, 'that cannot be; Wood is a non-conductor.' Truth and Right Cod and yu Coaatry. THE MEW UEGIMENT OE COLONELS. The following from the West 'Chester Re publican is 100 good to be lost : Governor Pollock is attending to the milita ry department with a commendable zeal, and seemingly with a determination not to ba outdone by bis worthy predeceasor, Gov ernor Bigler. Our cotemporaries on both sides, and indeed on all sides of the house, are giving us the names of those who are being promoted to the rank ol aids to the Governor, and the queerest thing of all is, they are wilbont the slightest exception, Ihe very perfection of the genus homo. No one is made an aid to the Governor now a-days who is nut a most "capital fellow." He is the soul of honor, and the free expansive pulsations of his heart are all impulses of probity kud virtue. If we desired to selcdl candidates for holy orders, we think we should go first amongst the Governor's Colonels, ut least if we mhde up U(u opinions of meu from what we learn from the views of our good brethren of the Press. One will aunounce " that Gov. Pol lock lias just appointed our fine portly friend, Nicodemus Nincku'mduudy, Esq., one of bis aids, with the rank ol Lieutenant Celonel.— We Congratulate our warm hearted friend on bis new dignity, and although differing with him politically, are free to say the new Gov ernor of the State could not bave selected a truer man on whom to confer this remarka ble honor." 'Something of this fashion finds its way into the columns of the many news papers that are daily laid on our table. As a matter of course, after the tumor conferred is duly announced in the papors, that puts an end to Nicodemus Ntnckumdandy, Esq.. and he becomes ever after Col. Niitckutu dandy. You will always hnd the Colonel, when the Governor makes a trip to Phila delphia, oloseled with bis Excellency. 1 he very moment he hears that his friend, the Governor, as he obsequiously has it. has arrived, ho immediately deserts his chair at the ward tavern, and betakes himself to the first-class hotel, and desires to be immedi ately shown up to tho Governor's suit of apartments, where lie immediately ingrati ates himself, acting as a kind of gentleman usher, who meets every one at the door, and takes him forward gently by the lip of the elbow, and confers upon liirn an introduc tion. When the room become* empty, Col. Ninckumdandy sits down by his executive Excellency, giving him all the political knowledge of the day. He begins with the state secrets at Washington, and winds up -ftrti-rbe —(||iii"f jgjifiiiaMiia Arret of the peifiet admtntsfrfrions of the Gover nor himself. He tells him what Bplendid movements lie has on foot to secure his re election ; and finally, Col. Ninckumdandy having exhausted himself, suggests that he will ting for the servant to bring a pitcher ol water, which the Governor, by a single glance at the nose of tbe Colonel, sees is not the liquid he delights to indulge in, and the consequence is that a decanter accom panies tho pitcher of iced water. This is a new influence, aud ihe Colonel grows more interesting and more emobatio. New friends call, and our military friend takes the centre of Ihe apartments, and ar gues a point totlo voce, in a ring of good fel lows. He is Urging upon them a line of political policy which mast be attended to, in order ihat his liiend the Governor may be fully sustained. The small hour* of tbe night warn the dignilv'e* that'll ie time to disperse, aud Colonel Ninokumdandy leaves the august presence with a profound bow and a promise that he will call early on the morrow to escort his Excellency to see a few choice friends in his ward, who render ed him especial service during the cam paign. These officers,as a matter of courso, are all selected by the Governor himself, with out extraneous assistance, because ho and every one else knows them to be among6t the most prominent citizens. Tho Gover nor needs the aid and assistance of such props and stays, and he accordingly take* a survey of the Slate, and these gentlemen peering up above the crowd are accordingly 1 selected. The idea that they had gone to the Governor and hinted that they should like to be a Colonel, or any thing of that kind is slanderous in ihe extreme, and our cotemporaries might well lake ntnbrage at any one who would suggest that so good and so honorable a fellow as their friend Col. Ninckumdandy had five* hinted the idea of his official longings to the Executive of the State. We are free to confess that we think the Colonel's trnmp cards and we hope Gov. Pollock will continue to increase the army. His predecessors have done their duty, and it gives us unfeigned pleasure to be assured that the present Executive will neglect noth ing in this line. It is just as well to have the whole rank and file turned into these military officials. The neit war we get in to, we can organise two or three regiments of these valiant officers, and it will be quite interesting for the superior or commanding officer to report that Colonel So and So was killed, anil Colonel Thia and That, badly wounded, &c., &c. n>Sli ty A counterfeit article of buckwheat la said by tbe Western papers to be abroad.— Ft is made from tbe seed of broom-corn, and meets with an axtensive sale in Pittsburg and northern Ohio, at 4 ola. per lb. ADVANTAGE OF HARD TIMES.—We notice that the price ol the various ways ' make a fortune," has generally fallen from one dol lar to 25 cts. It strikes us that this is one ad vantage of Ihe hard time*. BE" THE following SONS composed by HENRY BRADY, was surig by him at tbe I'iin ters' Festival, held at Reading, Pa. on tbe 17th inst., iu honor to the birth of Benjamin Franklin: SPAY THE PRINTER. BY HENRY BRADY. As honest men, atleud and hear The setious fact, —the limes are dear; Who owes a bill, 'tis just as clear As star light in the winter, That he should come without delay,— That's if he can—that bill to pay, And ere'he puts bis purse away, 'Fork over' to the Printer. The Printer's cheeks is seldom red, The tine machinery ol bis bead Is working wbe/ft you are in bed, Your true and faithful 'Mentor' All day atjd night he woars his shoes, Am} brains to furnish vou with news; But men of conscience ne'er refuse To pay the toiling Frinter. 'Tis known, or ought to be, by all, His dues ate scattered, and they're email, And if not paid, he's bound to fall In debt, for fuel bread, rent or Perhaps bis paper; then to square Up with his help—a double care Bows down his head—now is it fair That you don't pay the Printer 7 His wife and little prattlers too, Are now depending upon you ; And if you pay the score that's due, Necessity can't stiut her; But if you don't, as gnaws the molo, 'Twill through your conscience eat a hole ! And brand your forhead thus— 'No soul,' Of hint Who cheats the Printer. Tho cats will mow between your feel, The dogs will bile you on the street; And every nrchin that you meet, Will roar with voice of s'.entor, — 'Look to jour pockets, there he goes, The chap that wears the printers clothes ! And proud, though everybody knows The grub ho gnaw'd the Primer.' Be simply just, and don't disgrace Yourself, but beg the 'Lord ol grace,' To thaw that hardn'd icy 'case,' That honestly may enter, This done, man will with man act fair, And all will have the 'tin' to spare, Then will the 'Editorial Chair,' Supjroit a well-paid Printer. Lnbor-*IU Uighti-/ Dalies, Wunts unit lu te rests. The New York Sun recently offered SSO for a pr'ze essay on labor, its wants, duties and iulerests. A number of articles were presented, and they are being published in that paper. These contain some good thoughts and suggestions. From the prize essay itself, we make the following two cx traots. p- TUC WANTS l.y I.AUOIt. The wants of labor are few. It wants right direction in the laborer, right distribution in the work market, and permanent, remunera tive employment. Perfected intelligence on ly can give universal right direction, by prop erly applying every worker's talent. Num berless workers, of capacity, doing thereby injustice to their task*, and suffering relative ly therefor in abridged rewards. Intelligence sufficient to grasp the simplest philosophy, with wisdom enough to carry out its lesson, will give right distribution. With labor, as with everything else, demand regulates sup ply, aud no law nor contrivance can give prop er employment to two, three, or four persons, with one person's wutk. That is a fihysical am! moral impossibility. And where prices of labor aro not kept up by violent and intim idating means, associatianal or other, they will fall under the pressure of an over stock of labor, just like other marketable articles. This is a perpetual fact. Permanent employ ment will inevitably result from u right di rection and distribution of labor—and r.ot on ly permanent, but as remunerative as the worker may reasonably choose. Employ ment and price will be at bis option. That is, to him who works for another. The earth is wide enough to gi7e every man a field Id himself, and suppose all men were self oc cupied, providing for themae lvos an independ ent subsistence, could they be enslaved and famished asnow, when many pairs ofhanils rush to do tho wotk of one pair 7 Plainly, no! Tbe ' condition' of labor for others would be at their own will The degree in which this optional power may bo exercised by the worker, depends on the distribution of labor. It must nowhere overstock the mar ket, but rather keep the supply short, and it can treat with' capital' as an equal, and fairly 6haro the profits. For inslanoe, there is always a certain demand for labor in this city, and Iho door of that labor is entitled to an equitable share of the profit. If not twharted by competition, lie can got it. But competition, the result of overplus, places him at the mercy of' capital.' Ptiis is gen erally the condition of labor, particularly in cities. Once in a while, in specially enter prising or speculative times, capital com petes w itb itself, and gives labor an advan tage, but it '.a only an exception to the rule. Labor is down ten times where it is up once. It is not ao wise and shrewd as capital.— That seeks new markets when the old ones are full—shifts about, distributes itself, and lakes advantage of labor-pricoa and all other prices. While thousands of workers are suffering from forced idleness hero, or else where, there is, in all Ihe land, abundance of Work for all. If the um total of labor was so distributed as to meet the demand of the whble market, every worker would be profi tably and permanently employed. The no blest organization labor could form would be one to intelligently distribute itself, or its *uiplus, by coun*el or pecuniary aid, from the overstocked to die understocked market, and thoa command it* own terms. THE INTERESTS OF I.ABOH. The interests oflabor may be considered as many and complicated, or as few at.d sim- pie. The tewer and simpler, the better lor their clear understanding. Labur is the cre ative power, the eldest and noblest capital. It is the worker's interest to regard and re spect it as such, and to so fortify it by intel ligent application, as to make it the market able or commercial equal of money capital. It is its interest to be in hartiiony with mon ey capital, and it can be without humiffir lion or subjection, with great advantage to itself; for money capital is labor's exchange agent, as well as aid creative. Keep labor rightly distributed and money capital will meet it half way. It is not the interest ol the worker to bave labor protected as to hours and prices, save, perhaps, for appren tices and minois, by legislation or intimidat ing associations. This is a false basis, sel dom bringing present, arid neveT securing permanent goud It only grreamoney cap ital an excuse for legislating and banding in turn, and the latter being more a unit and more shrewd, will always out-legislate labor. Trade's Unions, such as nave developed here, are not labor's best friend. They have kept multitudes from work by dictating ar bitrary prices, in defiance of the natural law of demand and supply, and permitting none of their over stocked, competing craftsmen to work for less prices, when labor and 'live lihood were thereby to be had. They have also raised a false and mis chievous prejudice against money capital, and done the greatest injury to the working classes, by creating the impression that the prostrations of labor ard owing to the rich, when they ore, generally, and in the main, wing to the ill-direction and ill-distribution of labor. Workers have thus been blinded to their real interests .and to tho truth.— Rightly distributed, labor can define its hours as welt as dictate its prices—and do it on a sure basis. Let labor abjure legislation for Itself, and it can, with triumphant force; as well as justice, demand the abolition of all such statutes and ordinances as define what a carlman shall receive for hauling a load of brick or flour, but leave tbo builder, ba ker or landlord to chargd what they please for their labor. It is the interest of labor to have done with all this sott ol legislation, aud then, intelligent and well distributed, it can victoriously battle its own independent way. The public will always be secured .front over-lax under this absence of law, by healthy competition. It is the interest of la bor to have intellectual, social and benevo lent organizations to compass soma part of all of its market product consumption at first prices, though labor would suffer very little In this direction, il it was rightly employed. Tbe crowning inteveal oflabor is, by the com binaliou of all its movements, to enable it self to stand alone, dependent on no extrane ous aid, its own governor and master of its own fortune. A Dur liooiu Picture of Keudins- A strait-laced New-Yorker, who spent a winter at the " Mine Holes" on the South ern bordar of Berks, in the chimerical hnnt among copper-ore for the wherewithal to re cruit a disipatod fortune, relates his experi ences iu the last Numbet of Putnam's Month ly ; and gives us, byway of episode, the following birds eye picture of Reading, as seen through the somewhat opaque atmos phere of abai-room. For such a picture, it Is truthful enough, with only the slightest dash of caricature; but we would venture respectfully to submit to the writer, that if lie had obtained a glimpse of Reading, through the genial light of its home life, he would have discovered that the people can and do speak English " pure and undefiled," in an unbroken thread; that hard drinking .is not Ihe regular employment of "every body ;" and 'that the social democracy, which is our pride, although it may be his derision, does not conflict with the pleasan test and most refining domestic intercourse.— Reading Gazelle. "There, (in Berks county,) overy man is as good as his rich neighbor, and holds it for an inalienable right to call him Tom or Sum, as tbe case may be, and never to mis ter him, except on occasions of great cere mony, when the compliment is reciprocal.— To a stranger this levelling system is very striking, even iu tho city of Reading, al though I have been told it is only a deceit fnl appearance. " In point of fact, I was led to remark (ox a Stranger) (bat Reading, over and above ber machine shops (for they deal in iron there, and make many locomotives and such like knick-knacks) is remarkable Tor three things. In that the people converse prom iscuously in two languages—to wit. English and Pennsylvania Dutch. In Ihat everybo dy drinks spirituous drinks with a regularity and a capacity perfectly amazing (f never saw it equalled in any community except among the Congress men at Washington) and in that, in tho outside intercourse of the men there is no aristocracy. I have seen them assemble at luncheon time In the bar room of the principal hotels : Tinkers and bankers, petty shopkeepers, macbinests. aud great iron-masters, engineers and railroad directors, drinking and clinking their glasses together in perfect jovial unanimity, soot and dandyism in contact, uncoutamiualed." A BSICHT BOY.—'Papa, can't I go to the zoological rooms to see tbe comobile fight rye-no-sir-ee-hoss 7' 'Sartin, my son, but don't get yonr trow sets torn. Strar.ge, my dear, what a taste that boy has got for nat'ral history. No lon ger ago titan yesterday he had eight torn cats hanging by their tails to Ihe clothes-line.' 'No! bless his little heart—eomc to his moth er.' [Two Dollars per &■■■■ NUMBER 5. A Beautiful '1 bought. So should we lire, that.every hour May din a* .die* the n'ural floV'dr, A self-revolving iti ing ol power, Thnt every thought and every deed Mil) hold within ilsell the seed i Ol iulute good and future need; Esteeming sorrow, whose employ Is to develope, not destroy, For better than a barren joy. Ullll.tinu OF Moecuw. We wdnder /f history ever tells (he exact truth. The following article on the burning of Moscow, would make us think not. We clip from the Muscatine (Iowa) Inquirer : Coming up to the boat a few day* ago, we happened to full in company with Senator Douglas, who came on board at Quincy, on his way .10 Warsaw. Ju the.course ol atery interesting account ol hie travels in Russia, much of which has beeu published by letter writcrs, he 6tatcd a fact which has never yet been published, hut which slarirtgly contra dicts the received historical relation of oae of it's most exlruordiuat) events that ever fell to the lot of histoty to record. For this reason, the Judge said ho lull a delicacy in making the assertion, that the ci'y of Moscow never was but tied ! He said, that previous to his arrival at Moscow, he had several disputes with life guide as to the burning of life city, the guido declaring it never occurred, uud seeming to be nettled at Mr. Douglas's persistency ih his opinion, but on examining trie fire marks around the city, and the ci'y itself, he bu catne satisfied that the guide tvas correct. The statement goes oo to set forth the an tiquity of tho architectural "city—particular ly of its six hundred first-class dhurcbes, stretching through anti-Napoleonic ages to pagan times, and showing the handiwork of different nations of history—detiioiAfrtfl&i that the city was n6ver burnt down (or up). The Inquirer adds : The Kremlin is a space of several hundred acres, in the shape of a flat iron, and is en closed by a wall sixty feel high. Within this enclosure is the most maguificenl pal ace in Europe, recently builqbut constructed over an ancient palace, which remains, thus enclosed, whole and perfect, with all its windows, &c. Near the Kremlin, surrounded by a wdh, | is a Chinese town, appearing to be sevorhl hundred years old, still occupied by descend ants of tho original settlers. The circumstances which gave rise Ih the j error concerning the burning of Moscow, | were these: It is a city of 400,000 inhabi tants, in circular forua, oooepving a tu*se ~ spuo,' Ave miles across. There the winters aro six months long; and the custom was and still is, to lay up supplier of provisions and wood to lust six months ol severe and cold weather. To prevent these gigantic sup plies front cumbering the heart of the city ,and yet render them as convenient ss practica ble to every locality, a row of wood houses was constructed to circle eonpletely round the city, and outside ol these was a row of granaries, and in these were deposited tho whole of the supplies. Napoleon had en tered the city with his army, and was him self occupying the palace ol* Kremltn, when one night by order o1 the Russian Governor, every wood-house and every granary aimul taueonsly burst into a blaze. All efforts to extinguish them were Vain, and Napoleon found himself compelled to march his army through the fire. Retiring to an eminence Ihe saw the whole city 'enveloped in vast sheets ol llaraes, and clouds of smoke, and apparently all on fire. And so far as lie tk*e concerned it might as Well have been, for though houses onottgh we're left to supply every soldier with a room, yul without pro visions or fuel; ar.d a Russian army to out oil all supplies, he and his army ccutd r.<x subsist there, touring this tiro some houses were probably burnt, but the city was not. In the Kremlin a magazine blew up,'crack ing the church of Ivan more than a hundred feet up, but set nothing on fire. Mr. Douglas saw the fire marks around the city, where wood-houses and granaries (or winter supplies now stand as of ok), but there appears no marks of congagiatioti within the city. On the contrary, it bears tho unmistakable evidences of age. ' How do you do, Mr. Printer. I want a Sunday School banner printed ; we are u g<>- iu' to have a latin fourth of July celebration, and our school wauls a banner.' I So you ought, sir. What ilo you want on it ?' 1 VVa I, I don't know ; we ort to bavo a text of sciiptur on it, I reckon.' ■ That's a good idea—what shall it bo V ' Why, I draught this would be as good trs any—' Ho sure you're right, then go ahead ' Mrs. Sroikes says, the reason children are so bad this generation, is owing to the wearing ol gaiter shoes, instead of the old fashioned slippers. Mothers find it too mnch trouble to untie gaiters to whip children, so they go unpunished; but when she was a child, the way the old slipper used to do ils duty was a caution. MEN AND BRUTES. —'Now, gentlemen,' said a nobleman, to his guests, as the ladies left the room, * let us ncderstand eacli other, are we to drink like inert, or like brutes?' The guests, somewhat indign ant, exclaimed, •'Like men, of course.' 'Theu,' replied be, I we are going to get jolly drunk, for brutes nover dtink more than they want.' CP* It is observed that the most ceusoil ous are generally the least judicious, who, having nothing to recomihend themselves, will be finding fault with other*. No man envies the merit of another who has enough of Itii own.