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The star of the north. [volume] (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1849-1866, March 01, 1855, Image 1

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THE STAR OF "THE NORTH.
" v, n .h ..J fiD serf „nr Ccarfery. [Two Dollars pel-ABBMI
ft. W. Wearer Proprietor.]
VOLUME 7.
THE STAR OF THE NORTH
IS PL'BMSUXD EVERT THURSDAY MORNING BY
R. W. WEAVER,
OFFICE— Up stairs, in the netc brick build
ing, cn the south side of Main Sheet,
thiid stjuare bilotc Market.
T tenuis Two Dollars ppr anhnm, if ,
psiil within six months from the lime of sub
scribing ; two dollars and fifty cents if not
paid within the year. No subscription re
ceived for a less period than six months ; no
discontinuance permitted until all arrearages
• ere paid, nnless at the option of the editor.
ADVERTISEMENTS not exceeding one sqnare
will be inserted three times for One Dollar
and twenty five cents for each additional in- .
sertion. A liberal discount will ba made to
those who advertise by the year.
Select jpoctrji.
DREAM NOT, UUT WORK-
Dream not, but work ! Be bold !be brave !
Lai not a coward spirit crave
E-capa from taks allotted I
Thankful for toil and danger be ;
Duty's high call will make thee fiee
The vicious—the besotted.
Think not thy share of strife too great;
Mpeed to thy post, erect, elate ;
Strength from above is given
To those who combat sin and wrong.
Nor ask how much, nor count how long
They with the foe have striven !
Wage ceaseless war 'gainst lawless nr.ight;
Speak out the truth—act out the right—
Shield thef defenoeless.
Be firm—be strong —improve the lime—
Pity the ainner—but for crime,
Crash it relentless!
Swive on, strive on, nor even deem
Thy work complete. Care not to seem,
But he a Christum true.
Think, speak, and act 'gainst meat device;
IVresile with those who sacrifice
The many to the few.
Forget thyself, but bear in mind
The claims of suffering humankind;
So shall the welcome nisrlit,
Unseen o'erttke lltee, and the BOUI
Sinking in slumber at the goal,
Wake in eternal light !
iiliscsllnncons.
To Proud to peg.
It is said there are thousands ef worthy j
citizens, men and women, in New York—as j
there ere, no doubt, hundreds in a'l other j
large cities—who are too proud to beg or let
their circumstance be known ; and are, there
fore, silently pining in secret destitution.— |
Ttie Minet syvH ysea shops only tell '
their sad story, and adds : ,
" First go the luxuries—the superfluous i
furniture—the silver spoons—the spare cloth
ing—the jewelry, even the bridal ring; and
so through the whole inventory of articles
that can be dispensed with, while life is re- j
lained. To accommodate this inborn and
inalienable American pride, Jlte pawn-shops |
are provided with stalls, 60 that the melan- j
choly bartering may be done without expo- j
sing the poor victim of that' peculiar institu- I
lion' to public shame. The amount of busi- j
ness at these establishments, within the last,
three months, exceeds all precedent. Watch- ;
es, gold pencils, and silver spoons, have
been pledged by the bushel, and every :
nameabls and unnameble article of furniture
and clothing. A friend of onre saw a poor;
woman at Simpson's one day last week,;
pawning her vnder-dothing to raise a shilling l
to go to market with. Another had cut up
barbed, and made it into pillows, which she
had pawned for a similar purpose."
"I Ain't Going to Lenru a Tradel''
Ain't you? I sbtuld like to know why not.
Hundreds and tens of thousands have learn
ed one before yon, end many mora will do
the same thing. A trade well learned may
make a name and a fortune well-earned. II
you ever get either without working for it,
you will be either very 'lucky,' or very for
tunate.
I dont think much of a boy who says he
is not going to learn a trade. If his place in
the world is aneh that he can learu a good
trade, and have good situation, he Will be
very unwise not to seize the opportunity. A
boy who goes to a trade, determined to make
himself master of his bosinest, and lobe
a weM-ioformed and intelligent workmen,
will aoon rise to the head of his profession,
if he pursues the right path. The faithful
apprentice who delights to do his day's work
well, and to the best of his ability, so as to
earn the praise of his employer, will feel
happier, end be a more honorable man. than
he who does just enough to shuffle along
through the day, and then hurties away from
his work as thongh it was a nuisance and a
cgr.
1 knew a boy who was 100 ponf 10 go to
echool or college, although he would have
(iked that course very veil. But he had to
work. So he went to -earn a trade. He
trud to do his work always to the very best
of hia ability. He went to a piece, the first
day bis master came to look at what he had
done, end after closely examining it, ha turn
ed wound and said to hia foreman, "James,
this I* very excellent work for a new boy.
It j* about as good as any of our journey tr.en
do it." Did not that little fellow feel as proud
es if he lied won a triumph ? He waa re
warded from tba atari with the good opinion of
bis employer,and be never forgot the pleasure
<whh which be heard his master's encouraging
words. He always tried to do his work wall
—to do it, in fact, the very bed; and while
other apprentices did not aeetn to care how
their work was done, aa long aa thay could
get their pay, he took a pride in workings as
(bongh he was In a higher post thsn that of
a mechanic'* boy. He it in a higher post
now; Bnd is doing well 4 jn more waya than
one in the world.
BLOOMSBURG, COLUMBIA COUNTY, PA., THURSDAY, MARCH 1. 1855.
From Bamum's Autobiography.
DODGING THE DEACONS.
In the day* in winch 1 cm now writing a
much stricter outward regard wa* paid to the
Babbalh in the Slate of Connecticut than at
present. If a man was seen riifiog horseback
or in.a carriage on Sunday before sundown,
a tithing man, deacon of a church; or grand
jury man was sure to arrest him, and unless
he could show that sickness or some other
case of necessity induced him to come out,
he was fined the next day.
The mail stage from New-York to Boston
was permitted to ran on the Sabbath, but in
no case to take passengers. Sometimes the
cupidity of the New-York agents would in
duce them to book travellers through Connec
ticut on the holy day, but nearly every meet
ing-house had its sentinel on the look-out,
and it was very difficult for a driver to es
cape being arrested if he had one or more
persona in bis coach. In that case the dri
ver, his horses, stage, mail and passengers
were odliged to " lie to" until Monday morn
ing. when driver and passengers must
each pay a fine before boing permitted to
depart. _
On one occasion, Oliver Taylor and Benj
Iloyt, a brace of wags from Bethel, were in
New-York, and aa the way-bill was filled
for several week-days ahead, they went to
the stage office, No. 21 Bowery, early one
Sunday morning, and asked to be carried
that day to Norwalk, Ct.
Hi can't be done,' peremptoriiy replied
the stage agent.
'lt is very important,' responded Oliver ;
'mv wife and children are dangerously sick
at Bethal, and I must reach there before to
morrrow morning.'
' And my mother isn't expected to live
the day out,' meekly added 'Squire Ben,
with a face considerably elongated.
' It won't do, gen.lemrn ; these periodical
sicknesses are excessively prevalent, and I
am wonderfully sorry for you, but we have
been stopped, fined, and our mail detained
several limes this year, in your Slate. We
are decidedly sick of it, and will carry no
more passengers in Connecticut on Sunday,'
was the prompt reply.
' They are not as strict now as they were
formerly,' urged Mr. Taylor.
'Not hall,' added Mr. Hoyt.
1 Formerly I' exclaimed the agent; ' why,
it is only two weeks since we were IMK
led in Stamford.' )
' Yes, and it cost me eleven dulladMßfl
sides the detention,' added the propMju
who had just stepped in.
' Now, sir,' said Mr. Taylor,
the proprietor,' our business is urgent; we
arc Connecticut men, and know Connecti
cut laws and Connecticut deacons—yes, and
how to dodge them, too. We will pay you
ten dollars for our passages to Norwalk, and
whenever we pass through a Connecticut
village we wiil lie down on the bottom of
llie stage,and thus your vehicle, being ap
parently empty, will pass through unmoles
ted.'
1 Will you do this promptly as you pass
through each Connecticut villagel' asked
die inching proprietor.
' Positively,' was the reply of Taylor and
Hoyt.
' Well, I don't think it any sin to dodgft
your Yankee blue-laws, aed I'U lake you on
those conditions,' responded the stage
man.
The passage money was paid, the two
valises snugly packed under the inside seats,
and ilteir two owr.ora were as snugly sealed
in the mail coach.
'Remember your promises, gentlemen,
and dodge the Yankee deacons,' eaid the
stage proprietor, just as the driver flourished
his long whip, and the horses started off in a
gallop. The two passengers nodded a will
ing asseot. r
Messrs. Ta ylor and Hoyt knew every
inch of the road. As the ilage approached
the Connecticut line, they prepared to alow
themselves away. .Juat before reaching
Greeuwhich they both stretched themselves
upon their backs on the bottom of the
coach. The agent* of the law—and gospel,
were on the look-out, the drivers face as
sumed a most innocent look, the apparently
empty stage ' passed muster,' and was per
mitted to move along unmolested, a straight
laced deacon merely remarking to the tilh
ing-man, 1 1 guess them 'ere Yorkers have
concluded it won't pay to send their passen
gers up this way on the lord's day.' The tith
ing man nodded his satisfaction.
At Stamford the game of' hide and seek'
was successfully repealed. At Darien, which
i* within six miles of Norwalk, where our
passengers where to leave the stage and
lake their chances for reaching Bethel,
about twenty miles north, they once more
laid themselves down on their backs, and
the driver, assuming a demure look, let
his horaes take a slow trot through the vill
age.
' Now, Ben,' said Taylor, 'l'm a gotog to
give the deacons a chance, fine or no fine,'
and instantly he thrust his feet a tempting
dis'ance out of tba sida window of the
coach.
' Oh, for heaven's sake draw in your feet,'
exclaimed Hoyt, in horror, as he aaw a pair
of boots sticking a couple of feet [no pun
intended] out of the window.
'Couldn't think of euoh a thing,' quiaily
teaponded Taylor, with a chuckle.
' But we agreed to hide, and now you
are exposing the stage driver aa well aa our
selves,' urged the conscientious and greatly
alarmed Hoyt.
' We agreed to lie on our backs, and we
era doing it flat enough; but my legs want
stretching, and they must have it,' was the
mischievous reply.
They were now opposite the village
church, and the poor driver, unconciou* Of
tho grand display his passengers wete ma
king, carried bis head high op, as muoh-as
to say, 1 You may look gentlemen, but it's
no use.'
A watchman deacon, horror-struck at be
holding a pair of boots with real lags in them
emerging from the stage window, hallowed
to the driver to atop.
'l'm empty and shan't do it,' responded
coachee, with a tone of injured innocenoe.
'You have got a passenger, and must stop,'
earnestly replied the deacon.
The driver, turning hie face townnls the
body of the coach, was alarmed at seeing a
pair of legs dangling ont of the window, and
with a look of dismay instantly jerking his
reins and giving his horses half a dozen
smart cuts, thoy struck into a quick gallop
just as the deacon's hand had reached with
in a loot of the leader's bridle. The coach
slightly grazed the deacon, half knocking
him over, and was soon beyond his reach.
The frightened driver applied the lash with
all his might, continually hollooing, 'Draw
in them infernal boots I'
A double haw haw of laughter was sll the
satisfaction he received in reply to his com
mands, and, Jehu-like, the team dashed
ahead until not a house was in fight. The
driver then reined in his horses, and began
remonstrating with his passengers. They
laughed heartily, and handing him half a
dollar, bade bim be quiet.
'ln ten minutes it will be sundown,' they
added,' 'you can therefore go into Norwalk
in safetyJ
'But they will pull ine up in Darien and
fine me when I return,'' replied the driver.—
'Don't be alarmed,' was the response ;
''.hey can't fine you, for no ope can swear
you had a passenger. Nothing was seen
but a pair of legs, and for aught that can be
proved they belonged to a wax figure.'
'But they moved,' replied the driver, still
alarmed.
'So does an automation,' responded Mr.
Taylor; 'so give yourself no uneasiness, you
are perfectly safe.'
The driver felt somewhat relieved, but as
he passed through Darien the next day, he
had some misgivings. The deacon, howev
er, had probably reached the eame conclj-
RNM
on the Sabbath-, they might send a driver
with them, for he would see them —'blowed'
before they would catch him in another
such a scrape.
About the last prosecution which we had
in Danbury lor a violation of the Sabbath,
was in the summer ol 1825. There was a
drought that season. The grass was wither
ed, the ground was parched, all vegetation
was seriously injured, and the streams far
and near were partially or wholly dried up.
As there were no steam mills in those days,
at least in that vicinity, our people found it
difficult to get sufficient grain ground for
domeatio purposes without bending great
distances. Our local mills were crammed
with the 'grista' of all the neighborhood i
awaiting their tnrn to be converted into
floor or meal. Finally it commenced rain
ing on a Saturday night, and continued all
day Sunday. Of course, everybody was de
lighted. Families who were almost placed
upon an 'allowance' of bread, were gratified
in the belief that the mills would now be
set-a going, and the time of deliverance was
at hand. One of our an eccontrio
individual, and withal a worthy man, know
ing the strait in which the community was
placed, and remembering that onr Saviour
permitted his disciples to pluck ears of corn
upon the Sabbath, concluded to risk the ire
of bigoted sticklers who strained at a gnat
ar.d swallowed a camel, set his mill m mo
tion on Sunday morning, and had finished
many a grist for his neighbor* before Mon
day's son had risen,
On Monday afternoon he was arrested on
a grand juror's complaint for bieaking the
Sabbath. He declined employing counsel,
and declared himstlf ready for trial. The
court-room was crowded with sympathizing
neighbors. The complaint was read, setting
forth the enormity of his crime in convert
ing grain into flour on the holy Sabbath—
but it did not state the fact, that skid grind
ing saved the whole neighborhood from a
state of semi-starvation. The defendant
maintained a countenanca of extreme grav
ity.
'Are yon guilty or not guilty 1' asked the
man of judicial authority.
'Not guilty—burl ground,' was the reply.
Loud laughter, which the oourt declared
quite unbecoming the halls of justice, was
here indulged by the spectators.
As the act was confessed, no evidence
was adduced on the part of the State. Nu
merous witnesses testified regarding the
great drouth, the difficul'y in procuring
bread from the lack of watqr to propel the
mills, and atated the great necessity of the
case. The defendant said not a word, but a
verdict ol not guilty was soon returned. The
community generally was delighted, and
the ideas that bad heretofore existed in that
vicinity, that a cat should be punished for
catching a mouse on Sunday, or that a bar
rel of cider should be whipped for 'working'
on the first day of the week, became obso
lete ; compelling men to go to meeting went
out of fashion; in fact, a healthy reaction
took place, and from that lima the inhabi-
Troth lit Bight God
tants of Connecticut became * voluntary
Sabbath-observing people, abstaining from
servile labor and vain recreation on tbat day,
but not deeming it a sin to lift a suffering
Ox from the pit if he hnppened to be cast
therein after snnset On Satnrday, or before
undown on Sunday.
HE DRINKS.
How ominously that sentence fall* I How
we pause in the conversation and ejaculate,
"its a pity." How his mother hopes that he
will not when he grows older, and hia sisters
persuade themselves that it is only a few
wild oats ho is sowing. And yet old men
shake their heads, and feel sad and look
gloomy when they speak of if; for whoever
stopped and did not at some t'mp again give
way to temptation.
It is dangerous to trifle with Pleasure.,
Each step thai she leads ui away from the
path of rectitude, leaves us less deaite to re
turn. Each time that she induces us lo de
viate, we must go a little further to obtain
the same enjoyment. Even if with increas
ed experiences we resolve lo walk in the
path ol duty, we fojlow it with more diffi
culty if we have once allowed ourselves lo
wander.
Pleasure stands at a gate ever open, and
she invites us to enter her gardens. She
tells us that we need not fear, lor we can re
turn, when we choose. She calls to Ihe pil
grim on the dusty highway of life, and way
worn, and weary as be ia, she invites htm to
enter. She points him to men that are again
upon the road ; men who once whiled away
some time in her dominions, but have now
resumed their journey. He does not know
the self-reproach and the weakness they felt
on leaving her • bowers, nor tha Increased
difficulty with which they tread the path of
daily life. He wishes, and then lorns, and
then looka in. He will enter for a little way
But ha is soon bewildered with enjoyment.
His senses revel in fragrance. He is on en
chanted ground. He is suie that he can re
turn, and he will return, after he has been a
little further; yet with every step he feels
less desire to do so. Of what profit is it lo
him now, the gate stands open ? As he wan
ders along, the air becomes more exhilara
ting, and the fruits more highly flavored. The
breazes become warmer, the fragrance is
more pungent, and Ihe
mm*
he *J( outare forgotten.
Tho duties that he owes to himself, to his
fellow-men, to his God, all are forgotten, and
he goes resistlessly forward to enjoy belter
breezes more stimulating fruits, and more
narcotic odors. What avails lo him now ihs.t
the gate remains ever open ?
But already these pleasures have begun to
pall. He finds apples with ashes at the core-
Hot wind* are blistering bis flesh, but he
feels no wound. Excess of pleasure is be
coming pain. He has reached the marshes
where the garden of Pleasure borders on the
valley and- shadow of death, Bnd he would
fain lake refuge in oblivion. He sits down
under the shade of the Aconite, and binds his
throbbing temples with wreaths ol its dull
foliage. The night of despair is fast closing
in upon him. Datkners, like a blanket, shuts
out the light of Heaven, and Ihe trembling
madness fires his brain. Slimy serpents are
in attendance on him. They glide round
noislessly, and lull him in drowsy folds.
Worms are incessantly twisting in the seams
ol hie clothing. Invisible fiends are gather
ing arouud him like ravens. They wait im
patiently. He hears the rustling of their
skinny pinions and he feels the air moved a
little by them. Their eyes of fire are shi
ning on him Irom their viewless bodies, and
'be air is thick with muttering. Out from
the darknes comes Ihe voice of the worm,
claiming him as her brother, and the voice
of corroption calling him "my son;" and
with a chill he corses and God, dies. "At the
last il bileth like a serpent and atingeth like
an adder."
Young man, juat commenciug life, buoy
ant with hope, don't drink. You Ate freight
ed with a precious cargo. The hopes of your
old parents, of your sisters, of vonr wile, of
your children, are all laid upon you. In you
lb* aged lite over again their younger days:
though you only osn the weaker ones attain
a position in society, and from the level on
which you place them must your children
go into the gathering struggle of life.
Lieut, Alvarado Hunter.
The Washington correspondent of the New
York Times, stales it as a remarkable fact,
that this officer has previously bean twice
dismissed the service ; once dismissed the
squadron, six times court martialed, and
once before a Court of Inquiry. He waa
first dismissed by General Jackson in 1830,
for fighting a duel with one Miller, of Phila
delphia. Subsequently, bo was restored-
During the Mexican war,it will be remem
bered, he was tried by Court Marshal and
dismissed from Perry's squadron for disobe
dience of orders. Soon afterwards, Judge
Mason, then Secretary of the Navy, gave
bim the commend of tbe Taney in the Med
iterranean, end on hi* return he was dismiss
ed for some alleged offence. Subsequently)
Mr. Filmore was induceJ to reinstate him,
and he was put in command of the Bain
bridge, with which vessel ho returned from
the Brazil station, beoyuse Commodore Sal
tar did not aee fit to send him up Ihe Para
guay to interfere with Consular Hopkins'
quarrel, and now be ia dismissed again.
POETBY.
SEVENTY-SIX.
BY WM. CULLEN BRYANT.
What heroes from the woeffitand sprang,
When through the first awakened land,
Tbe thrilling cry ol freedom rung,
And to the work of warfare strung
Tbe yeoman's Iron hand I
Hills flung the cry to hills around,
And ocean-mart replied to mart,
And streams whose springs were yet unfoiltld,
Pealed far away the startling sound
Into the forest's heart.
Then marched the brave from rocky steep,
From mountain river, swift and cold;
The borders ot the stormy deep,
Tfievalea where gathered waters sleep,
Sent up the strong and bold.
As if the very earth again
Grew quick with God's creating breath
And, from the sods of grove and glen,
Rose ranks of lion-hearted melt
To battle to tbe death.
The wile whose babe first smiled that day
The fair fond bride of j ester eve, m
And aged sire and matron gray,
Saw the loved warriors baste away,
And deemed it sin to grieve.
Already had the strife begun ;
Already blood on Concord's plain
Along the sdringing grass had run,
And blood had flowed at Lexington,
Like brooks of April rain.
That death-stain on the vernal swad
Hallowed to freedom all the shore ;
In fragments fell the yoke abhorred—
The footstep of a loreign lord
Profaned the soil no more.
From the (NY) M'eekly Herald.
THE CRICIB IN ENGLAND.
The newspapers brought by the mall ten
der it pretty certain that Lord Palmerston
will be the next Prime Ministor of England,
and possible Earl Grey Minister of war.—
But there are changes at hand in the British
Isles of far greater import than this: changes
in comparison with which the substitution of
this for that lord, or the fall of this or that
ministry are mere child's play.
From the accession of William and Mary
to Ihe present day, England has been ruled
Bue. One hundred and seventy years
reat British oligarchy held supreme
d trodden the people under foo'.—
out fitful bursts of impatience, dark
v ot I'-prtrtig —m
Idon. William went to his grave
wnnoui Hearing of them. Anne served as ;
jhuttlecock to the aristocratic battledores till
she, too, died knowing nothing of the peo
ple. Tbe two first Georges spent their swin
ish lives in unconsciousness that there was
a people at all. But the third George began
to learn. Outspoken remonstrances, and
fierce mobs, nay, stones rattling on windows
end peers' carriages overset were his teach
ers. It was necessary to compromise, and
a few men of the people, much to their as
tonishment and to the delight of blockheads,
were raised to power; these, of course, to
lose their) popular origin, to blend with Ihe
aristnerscy and to betray the cause which
had raised litem. Then more outcries from
the real people, and mora quaking of lordly
knees, and paling of lordly cheeks. An im
pulse fierce, almost uncontrollable, is given
to tbe movement by the French revolution.
This time no compromise is tried ; but the
gullible masses are hushed by a senseless
declaration of war with France. For twen
ty years men are too busy cutting French
throats to think of English rights. At the
end of Ihe slaughtering, the people have
been bled so freely as to require repletion
before tbey can fight with spirit at home.
With years their strength is strong again
and the batila is renewed with the aristoc
racy. All the prestige of England's military
glory is on the side of lbs latter. Tbe Duke
of Wellington belongs 'to the order;' he will
die for il. Farliament is sold body and soul
to the peers : members wipe the lords boots.
But by this lime there is- a now power in
England, the press. The Edtnborg 'Review'
and others aa bold demand parliamentary
refurm; meaning, the overthrow of the no
bility. Ten years they fight; then the lords,
fearing worse, sulkily succumb. For ten
years or so, the people are satisfied. That
cycle accomplished, up starts Dick Cobden,
and asks that the lords be no longer allow
ed to lax the people to keep up the price of
corn, and hence land, wherein lies their
wealth. Then another long figbt, at polls,
and meetings, and Farliament and priming
press. But it ends like the former ones : the
lords walk out their home into the lobby an
that free trade shall pass.
A pretty strong foundation here for the
continuance of tho war. Accordingly Mr.
Looks King or some other nobody moves far
Parliamentary reform, meaning tbe old sto
ry ; and Lord John Russell the model trim
mer resists it for a while, then whips round
end fathers the bill himself. This lime il is
a serious matter, the margin lefi for mon
archy being quits fractional, and universal
suffrage close at hand. At that critical mo
ment the war with Russia—it was a war
with France which saved the nobles W
1898—looms up, and for a lime no one
thinks any mora ol the war that is being
waged at home. Tbe noblee ere in en eo
stasy.
How grievnns their disappointment I The
foreign war has hardly Begun, and tbe poor
fools have hardly settled themselves in tbe
best office* of State, when the domestic war
burst* out more desperate than ever. Men
see that the aristocracy hatfe ruined the ar
my, demoralized the State, disgraced the
nation, "that they are fighting bitterly with
each other—Lord Russell tripping Lord Ab
erdOßh, Lord Derby quarrelling with Lord
Newcastle, Lord Palmerston refusing to act
with Lord Darby, all the lords together in a
confused band to hand scramble—ominous
symptoms of portending ruin. Aud with
oha voice ihe men of England pronounce
their doom. Sneeringly, bitterly the ureal
London 'Times' tells ua tbal Parliament has
adjourned to keep holy tbe iesiival of King
Charles the Maityr; as though beheading
bad not been too good for the fellow, and as
though every one in England Jid not know
it. Angrily this or that leading than asks
the people whether tbey will sell themselves
to the people; Ind evCnthe street ballads—
that speaking literature of the masses—call
for 'lords in deed, not lords in name.'
There is a wonderful significancy in all
these facts. That the day has come when
the final battle between the men and the
noblemen of England must be fought, it
were venturesome to assert. Tricks have
saved them before: dodges, false promises,
lying pretexts ; the armory of tricks, dodges
and lies may save them again. But the ol
tsner those allies are used, the feebler they
must become. Every time the lords sre
driven to shirk the great issue, it strides
nearer and hdarer to their hearths, grows
huger and huger in the lessening distance.
What if the people, sick of Lord Grey as of
Lord Newcastle, sick of the whole family of
lords and peers, should rise suddenly end
knock them bodily on the head.?
Stranger things have been seen In France.
Not all the virtues of the Chorieuls or the
valor of the Rohana could savh their noble
houses from the iron heel of democracy or
their noble necks from the sharp edge of the
guillotine. Down they fell, not in the long
lapse of time with the dust of a weary con
flict bedraggled with their ashes, but sud
denly, in a day, in an hour, with a shock
and a crash which shook the kingdom. Bo
terrible, so stunning was the fall that to this
day they have not recovered, and from the
year wherein tbe nobles of England tricked
the people with a baseless war with France,
that country has had no nobility. Military
chieftains have given old titles to theii gen
erals. Old Bourbons have tried to galvanize
life into the corpses of the Faubourg St. Ger
main. Lottie Philippe lias created a repob
lican peerage. But of the old nobles—the
like of whom has governed England ever
since the Great Protestant Revolution (it
saves time tnj>U <t-*"— V —— ■ l ' 1
absurd though they be) France has had
none since the Constituent Assembly.—
Herein she is in advance of England.
From the Boston Post.
A DROPPED LETTERS
BOSTON, Jan. 16, 1855.
SON JOHN. —I have too much legislative
work to come home on Saturday nights as I
said I would—so you must mind the farm 1
have managed to get on a good many commu
tes so as to become popular by having my
namv printed nftener in the papers, and I
manage to aay something occasionally and I
have seen my name three times printed in the
daily bee. American principles is looking
up some here in Boston and we are going to
discard all foreign elements in our -govern
ment (by the way have the barn door paint
ed over with some other color bosides Span
ish brown.) The governor has made a lick
at tho forin militia and disbanded all the com
panies. (dont use any more British oil for
your deefnets for I have thrown away that
box of British salve your mother put in my
trunk to rub my ruma'.ick leg with use Amer
ican physic it ts the best.) We are going to
have the latin lingo taken out of '.be state
coat of arms and put plain ) ankee english in
its place. We are a going ahead I tell Jou,
and make clean swoop of everything of for
eign extraction I havo visited no place of
amusement excepting the live buffalo which
is a regular native he looks very much like
a hairy cow. Speaking of cows reminds me
of our Durham bull yotl may sell htm to
Wade the butcher he is of foreign extrac'-iou.
A friend asked me to go to the Athenian and
see the library and pictures but I was told
nearly all the pictures are painted by the old
masters as they are called—and these I am
told are without exception all foreigners be
sides many of tbe books in foreign languages
so it is contrary to Ihe spirit of ray principles
to visit such a place. I was going to see
Banvards great painting of the Holy land
which is making some stir but a native artist
told me it was mostly painted with Vecitian
ted and Dutch pink and Naples yellow while
all the skies were Prussian blue too much
of the foreign element to be interesting to me-
By the way speaking of paint have the front
blinds which I painted with French green
last fall painted some color other than I men
tioned above. Stop the Zions Herald and
take the Yankee privateer in its place. Give
my Marseille vest to dick the ploughman and
tell him to alone Jip the scotch terrier ofl the
farm and to kill that Maltese cat.
from your affectionate father.
INDUSTRY.— If you have got great talents,
industry will improve them: iWnoderate
abilities, industry will supply tneir deficien
cies. Nothing is donied to well directed la
bor ; nothing is ever to be attained without
it. Ramenber a man's genius is always in
the beginning of life as much unknown to
himself as others—and k is only after fre
quent tfiela, ettehded with success, thai he
i dares think himself equal to the underta
kings in which those who have suoceeded,
have fixed the admiration of all rawtkind.
NUMBER 6.
.foreign Ni
I ONE WEEK LATER FROM EUROPE.
ARRIVAL ol'thr BALTIC
FORMATION OF A NEW MINISTRY.
The Steamship Baltic arrived at New York
Wednesday afternoon, at I o'clock.
Tbe most importdul piece of intelligence
1 in the forma'idn of a new Ministry, eom
poied as follows:
Premier—Lord Palmerstdtt.
War—Lord Panmure, formeriy Foi Msuln.
Foreign—Earl Clarendon.
Home—Sydney Herbert.
Colonial—Sir George Grey.
Exohsquer—W. Gladstone.
Admiralty—Sir James Graham*.
Chancellor—Lord Cranwortb.
President of the Council—Earl Granville.
Priyy Seal—Duke o' Argyle.
Public Works—Sir W. Mjleeworiti
President of the board of Control—Sir
Charles Wood.
Postmaster General—Lord Canning.
Without Office.—Marquis Landsdowoe
The above from the Cabinet. Lord Ab
erdeen, the Duke ol Newcastle, and Sir Jna
Russell go out. Lord Panmure comes in,
and the balance are the same a* tha last
i Ministry.
In the efforts to reconstruct tbe British
Ministry, the Queen had in turn sent for the
Earl of Detby, Lord Land.idowne, Sir John
Russell, and the Earl of Clatendon. All,
however, failed to accomplish the object,
when Lord Palmerston was sent for, and
succeeded;
In the Parliament statements ware made
by each of the statesmen falling to form t
Cabinet.
Nearly £3,000 have been voted for wat
purposes.
The North American Fisheries Bill passed.
Parliament adjourned for a week el the
request of the new Premier, end wes lo re
assemble on the 15th insl.
Earl Aderdeen had been created a Knight
ol tliu G.irtnr.
The Lord Mayor of London gave a grand
banquet, trr.d among these present were
Lord Cardigan, Sir Charles Napier, and oth
er notables frotn the Crimea, were re
ceived with enthusiasm. Sir Charles Napier
defended his conduct and bitterly attacked
the Administration:
In the house ol Commons, on the eight of
the 9th, a discussion occurred with regard lo
Sir Charles Napier's transactions in the Bal
tic. No new fight TIM UCJU TIN...
the subject.
FRANCE.
M. bfagne has been appointed Minister
of Finance, and M. Roughs, Minister of
Agriculture.
The latest accounts from Vienna were,
that the Peace Conference had not been
opened.
Il is said the F.mperof of France will take
command ol Ihe army of operation* on the
Rhine.
Prince Napoleon had atrived in Paris.
France has signified her wiilingnesato ne
gotiate a separate treaty with Prussia, provi
ded It conveys the same obligations a* that
of December 2.
FROM THE SEAT OF WAR.
Affairs betore Sebaslopol remain nnchan
gnd.
It is reported that a battle has taken place
on the Danube between the Krssiarit and
Turks, in which the latter were victorious.
A report prevails that a mutiny has occur
ted among the French Zouaves in the Crim
ea, and 400 have been sent prisoner* to
Constantinople.
General Canrober!, reports the death of
Captain Bonlof and Castleman, previously
rumored, during a sortie by the Russians,
on the night of tha 14th Oil.
Supplies are reaching tbe British camp in '
abundance. The siege works are advancing
bit the army continues sickly,
i There had been frosty nights, but fine
mild weather during the days.
The latest official despatches from Lord
Raglan are dated the 23d and 24tb ult.
'Both allude to the improvement in tha
weather, and speak cbeeringly of the future
prospects. The letter says—" We resume
onr work before the town with renewed c
-tivity."
THE LATEST. —Queen Victoria has issued
a proclamation forbidding tbe British, at
home or abroad, aiding the enemy by sup
plying them with munitions of warr.
The feeling at Constantinople ia strongly
in favor of peaoe.
POLAND.— The English missionaries in Po
land have been ordered to leave Russian ter
ritory.
HOLLAND AND DENMARK —Both Holland
and Denmark are seeking to join the West
ern Alliance.
Poor Boy's College.
The Printing Office has indeed proved a
better College to many a poor boy, has grad
uated more useful and oonspicuous members
of society, has brought more intellect end
turned it into practical,useful channels, awa
kened more mind, generated more active
and elevated thought, then many of the lit
erary colleges of the country. How many e
dunce hes passed through Ibetn colleges
with no tangible proof of fitness other then
his inanimate puce of parchment; himself,
if possible, more inanimate than his leather
diploma. There i* something in the very
atmosphere of e printing office calculated to
awaken the minds and inspire a thirst for
knowledge. A boy who commences in
such a school, will hare bis talents end
ideas brought out; if he ha* no mind to draw
out the body itself will be driven ont — How
York Ghbe.

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