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The star of the north. [volume] (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1849-1866, May 03, 1855, Image 1

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THE STAR OF THE NORTH.
It. W. Heiver ProprieUr.] Troth and Right—Cod aid oar Country. [Two Dollars per Anna
VOLUME 7.
THE STAR OF THE NORTH
1 PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY MORNINO BT
n. W. WEAVER,
OFFICE —Up stairt, in the new brick build
ing, on the eouth side oj Main Sheet,
Ihiid square below Market.
TER MS:—Two Dollars per annnm, if
paid within six months from the lime of sub
scribing ; two dollars and fifty cents if not
paid within the year. No subscription re
ceived for a less period than six months ; no
discontinuance permitted until all arrearages
are paid, unless at the option of the editor.
ADVERTISEMENTS noi exceeding onesqnare
Will be inserted three times for One Dollar
and twenty five cents for each additional in
sertion. A liboral discount will be made to
those who advertise by lite year.
A. Senatorial Report from one oftha CM
scrlptes pntrt.
For several weeks a dispute hasexisled as
to who is the legal Adjutant General of this
State. Gen. Bowman, (appointed by Gov.
Big!er,) insists that the lime for which he
-was appointed had not expired when Gov.
•Pollock commissioned Power as his succes
sor. He refused (as he had an undoubted
night) to surrender up the books and papers
of the office to Power, and he also directed
the keepers of the different Arsenals not to
recognizo Powers' authority. Powers, how
ever, took possession of the Arsenal and
arm* at Harrisburg, having hired a half do
zen of in ula " Americans" to put Bowman's
keeper out by force. The subject was
brought before the Senate fur investigation,
and refered to the Militia Committee, of
which Mr. Taggart, is chairman. Below
we give the Senator's Beport on the sub
ject.
REPORT.
Of Ike Militia Committee of the Senate, on the
Resolution relative to certain disturbances
which look place recently at the Stale Arsenal,
in Barheburg.
Mr. Taggart, on the part of the Commit
foe on tbe Militia, to whom was refered the
subjoined resolution:
" Resolved, That the Adjutant General be,
and he is hereby requested to communicate
to the Senate, ts soon as the convenience of
the public service wilt permit, the cause of
the recent disturbances at the State Arsenal
in llatrisburg, together with a lull statement
of the occurrences connected therewith—
and what action, if any, is required for-'the
purpose of repressing domestic insurrection,
preserving the public peace, and maintain
irg an efficient and satisfactory administra
tion cl the affairs of his department—and
nbet'iteruhe polioe of the borough of Har
risburg has been called on to interfere with
the ifscbarge of the duties Of an officer of
(ho Commonwealth"—report as follows:
Wo have viewed the ground carefully,
and examined a great number of witnesses,
but as yet, have no downright evidences of
actual bloodshed. It is true, queer sounds
-have been heard, and strange light* seen
gleaming from a garret wir.dow, at unsea
sonable hours, bat nothing has occurred to
create that intense alarm, which, for many
weeks, har agitated tho people of this Com
monwealth. It is also true, that a tall, pow
erful, military looking individual, with a
brilliant appor.dage to his nether lip, (the
proper name of which appendage is, to your
committee, unknown,) has been seen skulk
ing around the building ; but that he has
done any barm, or wa* even trying to do
any, does not appear. They have also ob
served that, when the familiar question was
asked, "Have you seen .SAM to-day V the
invariable answer would be, "Yes, up at the
Arsenal!" As the people all over the coun
try, except a few in the back townships of
Lehigh, seem willing to trust Sam with even
weightier responsibilities, your committee
eonsider the old Mexican shooting irons
perfectly safe, both as regards damage to them
or by them.
Respecting the interference of Ibe police
of Harrisburg, to preserve the publio peace,
we are informed that the gentlemen, com
posing this body, never meddle in sack mat
ters.
Oar epistolary correspondence with the
two distinguished individuals, claiming to
be Adjutant General, has met with no reply.
We fear from ibis, that a personal collision
has taken place, and a cal-as-lrophe, as ter
rible as that which marked the encounter of
the feline quadrupeds of Kilkenny, been the
result. If nothing should be left, but the
caudal extremities, we would regret to be
compelled to hand down such tales to pos
terity.
Your committee are not unmindful that
"eternal aifilauce ia the price of liberty."—
For greater aeonr.'.?. Brefore - w ® reco l r "'
mend that a breastwork Of mallen-Malk.
(botanical name, verbascem,) surmounted
by six pairs of old boot legs, ehargeu 10 >■ •
muzzle, be thrown around the Arsenal, ana
that a guard competed of a blind roan, a
cripple, and three old women, be detailed to
protect the Commonwealth against the pos
sibility of additional wrong. And for etill
further security, thai a flock of geeae be
quartered on Capitoline Hill, with instruc
tion! to make a noise, if any horde of mod
em Gauls should attempt to surprise it. This
may be objected to, on the ground,that there
are geese enough here already. We admit
the truth, but reply that these are too busy
gabbling about other things, to pay any at
tention to the publio interests. ,
Your Committee beg leave to suggeet also,
that ia these day* of gunpowder and heavy
artillery, a Bow man moat be ef little service,
owing to the fact, that hie shafts, however
well directed, cannot prove nearly so rour
tlerou, as implements of more tecent inven
tion. In all military operations, that which
is most wanted is Power
BLOOMSBURG, COLUMBIA COUNTY. PA.. THURSDAY. MAY 3, 1855.
For Ike "Star of the North."
EUROPE IN 1833,
BY B. W. WEAVER.
IT is at all times a pleasant ar.d profitable
study to notice the raise an fall of kings and
empires when these events teach us our prop
er relation to our lei low beings nr.d our duty
to ourselves and society—when they make us
wiser and belter, as they unfold the designs of
a benevolent and wise Providence i:t the his
tory of mankind.
Prance, for instance, teaches the world a
fearful lesson. The gay capital of the world
can boast of the highest civilization, for
there society is in its most aitificiul condition.
Taste and sentiment have been cultivated to
the highest point, while the nobler faculties
of judgment and reflection have bpen neg
lected ; until the nation can just suffer intense- ,
ly through a sad and sorrowful history, with
out having the power to rescue itself. It has
made the people the sickly, fickle children
cf nerve and impulse, fiery and passionate,
but tintempered by (he dictates of cool rea
son. Suoh characteristics are not best cal
culated to make a happy or prosperous peo
ple, nor to rear the minds that tower above
the mass and first see the sunlight of know!-'
edge dawning tn the faf off orient ol prog
ress. No wonder then that the most volumi
nous authot of Frattoe in these days ii of
dark alien blood, and herKtnperor who moat
of all men astonished the world was not in
strictness a Frenchman, but was born and
rocked in childhood, as he was in death, up
on an ocean isle. A nation like the French
can never accomplish any great Rational* en
terprize, except by enthusiasm. The first
Napoleon understood this, and tho second
one has profited by it. But a nation of which
one tlnrd of the people are the children ol
sin and shame, and one-sixth never knew a
parent, lacks tho moral etamioa (or true
greatness- Such a people loose too many of
those lender and gentle influences of the fire
side which do most in moulding the character
lor a good and useful destiny. The power
of home is unfelt iu France, or at least in Pa
ris; and the citizen has no home but the cafe,
the hotel, the theatre or the promenade. This
kind of life gives an ease of manner and a
grace of deportment to the man, but it expo
ses the young to every temptation of evil, i
without furnishing a single safeguard to guide ■
them while their character is in process ol j
formation. The Frenchman's home is in
the public eye; and though such a life may
improve bis bead and manners it will not
profit his heart and morals.
The American people very much misun
derstand ibe character of the ptesenl Emper
or. He has gloated over the history of the
'first Napoleon until its study has become a
passion-in him, and inspired him with a res
olution and decision of mind that strikes his
whole nation with awe. He is a man of de
cided ability, and the effete sovereigns of i
Europe have found that he is not to be treat-1
ed with contempt. The deposition of the j
Bourbca race was an event for which they i
themselves had paved the way, and one of
those inevitable circumstances which seek
for themselves an actor. The French peo
ple was restless and fickle—the country
vt-Ty detmely populated—the government ,
deeply in debt—the taxes onerous—the ruler |
was as weak as vain, and belonged to the j
race of ins oppressors—all around France the 1
fever of revolution raged—as in the Reign of i
Terror, theTe were nearly a million idle hands ;
in a crowded city—work was scarce and |
bread still mote scarce—and in 1848 it only
needed the name of Napoleon to act as a
torch to this magazine and make the explo
sion. To gain the position of ari Emperor in
Franco requires & mind and manliness above
mediocrity, but to retain that position re
quires true greatness. To understand the
true character of Napelehn we must consid
er the circumstances under which the revo
lution took place, and the necessity ((may
say) that impelled to the usurpation. Eam
ariine, wiih bis head full of sentiment and
his heaVt full of poetry, was the very person
ification of the French character; but by no
means the man to rule a nation. Delicacy
of nsiVe ia one thing and rigidity of muscle
another. A man may be a fine poet, and yet
a poor statesman. He may have honesty of
intention, and yet lack the requisite firmness
of decision. The Bourbons had been fully
tried and found wanting, and the rule of the
republicans was an anarchy. It was just
such a lime as when destiny seemed to in
vite the first Napoleon to the throne, and his
nephew obeyed the impulse of the same am
bitious prompting of human nature. He is
now BS well established as any rule of France
can be, proud old crurabliug dynas
ties around him are glad to court an alliauce
with bis plebeian blood.
bu! >1 >s from the frozen regions of the
North I? I*' the greatest power of Europe is
now spreading <• Briarrean arms to gather
in the fragments o r nations. As the hardy
Northmen, irt the degeneud o days of the
Russian Empire overran Europe, ti? now do
the semi-barbarous Russians strike terror in'
to ihe trembling sovereigns whose blood
through long agea has been subjected to Ihe
enervating poison of luxury and inordinate
pride. There has been for centuries a doc
trine prevalent in Europe that no nation shall
become truly independent of the others, but
that all are members of a league to sustain
an Intaginay "balanoe of power." When
Frederick the Great showed some manliness,
and his country began to giow, there was
tenor among the diplomatists of the other
despots, and Ihe; formed an alliance to crash
him. He was wont to lock np his own di
plomatists and say—"let us gain the vjotory
first, and then negotiate," but combined Eu-
THE RUSSIAN EMPEROR'S BEARER OF DESPATCHES.
rope was to.WMrong lor one power. So when
Bonaparte attempted to carve out lot France
an honorable destiny, there was a banding
together of all the crowned heads to crush
him and the growing vitality of his country,
j Nature has given the Russian a hardy con
stitution, a vigorous frame, an invigora
ting climate, and a soil that will keep him
frugal and industrious. These things have
much to do in the economy of man and the
destiny of nations. Under the enervating
sun of France no capital of Empire can ever
spring np from a swamp like St. Petersburg
—for on her luxuriant soil there will be no
toil like that of thestulwart Slavonians j who,
as the ant drags grain after grain of sand to
build its home,carrieJ the earth in llieircaps
and aprons to fill the morass, until by slow
diligence and patience the lofty towers, bat
tlements and citadels ol palaces, churches,
colleges and theatres rose toward Ibe sky.
Every ship that entered the harbor was bound
to bring with it thirty stones, every small one
ten, and every country wagon ten; and thus,
from the accumulation of small tilings, grew
the great Empire <hal now holds ail Europe
in awe. This was under the Czar Peter, who
that he might feel (he power, the dignity and
and the nobility of labor, went into the ship
yard at Copenhagen as on Apprentice, and
then taught his countrymen and inspire! the
nation with his spirit, until it created a
proud fleet to cover the harbor of the Neva.
It is only on the hot soil of France that
political assemblies and elections always
meet on Sgnday, just as the most Southern
city of the Union is the only ono in which
theatres and balls are cpen for entertainment
on that day; or as only in Brazil the fpmalee
while away the day by swinging in a ham
mock suspended in the shade, or in Mexico
pas* the time by a delicate warfare upon lice.
Only under the tropical latitude of Italy do
we find the lazzaroni,—in Spain the race of
brigands and gypsies, and in Portugal the na
tion that tolerates a queen upon the throne
whose infamous profligacy and licentious
ness has made her a disgrace to her sex, her
nature and her ration. On less fruitful soils
you will find lltg honest and honorable poor,
by modest demeanor deserving and enjoying
respeoi; but not so generally thai class whoarti
too proud and lazy to work and yet 100 poor
to live honestly without. Switzerland, Hun
gary and the North of Europe never became
so enfeebled by luxury and worn out bj ex
cesses, for even during the night of the mid
dle ages, when darkness and gloom had pall
ed the hopes of men, and shrouded Eurooe
in despotism, the fires of liberty still burned
brightly along the crest of ihe Alps, and its
spirit still lived in the hearis of the uncon
quered Maygar. It was a nobis king of Hun
gary who at that time of severity ana super
stition (although himself a good Catholic)
dared say to the Pope for his nation—" your
Holiness must remember that we bear two
crosses on our ensign, and we will make our
crosses pikes before we allow you to mix
yourself up with the affairs of any church."
But I was speaking of Russia. The Czar
Nicholas was unquestionably the great man
of Europe in his time k and if he was slern
and tyranioal it was because necessity and
the traditional policy of his dynasty had made
him so. If to blot Poland from the map of
nations was ar. unpardonable (in, every
government of Europe is accessory in that
crime. Even England thst vaunts proudly
of her free spirit and free air cannot claim
innocence. Russia, Prussia and Austria dis
membered a free nation, and England stood
sponsor to have the alliance called a Holy
one. And when the Czar put his heel upon
the neck of 15, 000,000 Hungarians, Europe
.looked on Ihe ciime in silence, and England
debated the policy and txptditney of protest-
I tng.
That was the time when the blow for the
freedom of Europe should have been struck.
Then was a free and hardy nation of 15,-
000,000 people, upon whose majeslio mien
and lofty brow the King of Kings seems to
have stamped'the signet of his nobility. In
telligent of mind, vigorous of frame, frugal ol
life, and honest of heart— ihtri was the nation
in it* mountain fastnesses that should have
been made the barrier against the Cossack—
and the men who for the homes of their
sires and their children would have made
every plain a Marathon and every pats a
Thermopylae. They were reared like tbefew
noble Swiss, who for three centuries waged
a ceaseless warfare vith the House of Hspe-
burg, in which the three small cantons of
Uri, Schweitz snl Underw-aU'etl for more
than a century bnflled the Imperial arms of
Austria. The idiotic young Emperor Francis
Joseph of Austria called upon the Czar to
save his Empire, and the Czar had the pow
er to do so, but Ibis very service made Aus
tria the Vassa 1 of the C'zar. It is the old sto
ry of invoking the spirit of evil and selling
all the future to him for a little present aid.
Nicholas was not a mnnste(.'of evil, but
was mote enlightened and not worse than his
brethren of the thrones. Until recently mili
tary service of twenty years was the only
avenue through which the serf could reach
freedom. Nicholas shortened this term to
eight years, and thus many ii peasant can
gain his freedom at an early age.
But mora than this, the Czar put a ban
upon the sale of serfs, so that they can never
be transferred from ono master to another
unless with the land to which by the impe
rial nkase they are conrt™ed. To secure to
itself the refusal of the land an.l the hitman
beings appertaining to it, and at the same
lime to avert from the landholder the ruin
consequent on dealings Willi usurers, the gov
ernment established an imperial loan-bank,
which made advaprs* on morttAgs of land
to the extent of tfco-lhirds their value. The
borrowers had to pay bark each year three
per cent of the loan, besides three percent
interest. If they failed to do this, the Crown
returned them the instalments already paid,
gave them the remaining third value of the
property, and took possession of the land and
its population. This was the first stage of
freedom lor the serfs. They became Crown
peasants, held their dwellings and bit of land
as an hereditary fief from the Crown, and
paid annually for :he same about four shil
lings lor each male person ; a rent (or which
in the whole of Germany tho very poorest
farm is not to be had; to say nothing of the
consideration that in oase of bad harvest, de
struction by bail, disease &c., the Crown is
bound to supply the strict necessities of the
Russian peasants, and to.find them in daily
bread, in the indispensable slock cattle and
seed coin, and to repair their habitation and
so forth.
By thi* arrangement, and in a very short
time, a considerable portion of the lands of
the Russian nobility became the properly of
ihe Slate, and with it, a large number of serfs
became Crown peasants. This was the first
and most important step towards opening the
road to freedom to that majority of the Rus
sian population which consists of slaves.
When in this manner the first ideas o f lib
erty had beet awakened in the people, the
Emperor, in the exercise of his own unlim
ited and irresponsible power took a second
step, not less pregnant with consequences
than the first. Unable suddenly to grant
civil freedom to the eerls, he bestowed upon
them, as a transition stage, certain civil
rights. A ukase permitted them to enter
into contracts. Thereby was acoorded to
them not only the right of possessing prop
erty, but the infinitely higher blessing of a
legal recognuion of their moral worth as
men. Hitherto the serf was recognised by
the State only as a sort of beast in human
form. He could hold no property; give no
legal evidence: take no oath. No matter
how eloquent liis speech, he was dumb be
fore the law. He might have treasures in
his dwelling—lhe law knew him only as a
pauper. His t4ord and honot were valuless
compared to those of the vilest freeman.—
In Short, morally he could not be said to ex
ist. Tne Emperor Nicholas gave to the
serfs— that vast majority of his subjects, the
first sensation ol moral worth—the first throb
of self respect—the first perception of the
rights and dignity and duty of man! What
professed friend of the people can boast to
have done more or yet ao much for to many
million of men T
But the Czar did not real satisfied *ith
this. Having given the setfs power to hold
property/ he taught them to prize this prop
erty above all in the interest of their free
dom. The serf could not buy bis own free
dom, but he beoame Iree by the purchase
of the patch of soil to which he was linked.
To such purchase the right of contract clear
ed his road. The lazy Russian who worked
with an ill will towards bis master, doing as
little as he could for the latter'a profit, toiled
day and night for his own advantage. Idle
ness was replaced by the diligent improve-
ment of his farm—brutal drunkenness by
frugality ami sobriety—the earth, previously
neglected, requited the unwonted care with
its richest treasures. By the magic of indus
try, wretched hovels wete transformed into
comfortable dwellings, wildernesses into
blooming fields, desolate steppes and deep
morasses into productive land; whole com
munities, lately sunk into poverty, exhibited
unmistakable signs of competency and well
doing. The serfs being now allowed to en
ter into contracts, lent the lord of the soil
the money of which he often stood in need,
on the same conditions as the Crown, re
ceiving in security the land they occupied,
their own bodies, and the bodies of their
wives and children. 'The nobleman prefer
red the serfs loan to the government's lean;
because, when pay-day came for the annual
interest and instalment the Crown, if he was
not prepared to pay, took possession of his
estate, having funds werewlth tn pay him.
the residue of its value. The [wtrishof serfs
which had lent money to its owner lacked
these funds. Pay-day came—the debtor did
not not pay, but neither could the serfs pro
duce the one third of the value of the land
which they must disburse to him in order to
be ftee. Thus they lost their capital, and did
not gain their liberty.
Between the anxious debtor and the still
more anxious oreditor now interposed the
edict of Nicholas, which in such cases
opened to the parishes of serfs the imperial
treasury. Mark this—for it is worthy to be
noted—the Kussian imperial treasury was
opened to the serfs that they mignt purchase
their freedom. Government might simply
have released the rreditors from their em-,
barrassment by paying the debtor the one
third still due to him, and then land and j
tenants belong to the State— one parish more
of Crown peasants. Nicholas did not adopt
that coarse. Me lent the serfs the money
they needed to buy themselves from their
master, and for this loan (a third only of the !
value) they mortgaged themselves nnd their
' lands to the Crown—paid annually three ner
cent, interest, and three per cent, of the cap
ital, and would thus in about 30 years be
free and proprietots of their land. That they
. would be able to pay off this third was evi
dent. since to obtain its amount they had
still the same resources which had enabled
them to save up their two thirds they had
already paid. Supposing however Ihe very
worst—that through inevitable misfortune
such as pestilence, disease of cattle, &c.,
they were prevented from satisfying the
rightful claims of the Crown; in that case
the Crown paid thetft baric the two-thirds
value which they bad previously disbursed
to their former owners and they became
a parish of Crown peasauts, whose lot
compared to their earlier onO was still envia
ble. I have described this emancipation as
it struck an intelligent German writer, who
for some years resided in St. Petersburg.
[TO BE CONTINUED.)
Statistics of " Water Cure.*'
From the Report of Dr. J. C. Jackson. Proprie
tor of the Glen Haven Water Cure.
In the Feb. No. of tho Water Cure Journal
we find a letter from Dr. J. C. Jackson con
taining the statistics of the patients treated
at his water cure establishment from Jan. 1,
1851, to Jan. 1, 1855. The result, is stated,
shows that even litis exclusivo 'system of
practice is greatly superior to the old time
system of Allopathy. Here is an abstract:
Whole No. of patients treated, 1444
Absolutely cured, 565
Materially bonofited, 387
Not benefited, 173
Of those not benefited 92 stayed transiently.
Died as far as known, 48 4.21 pr. cent.
P*B EBSAT. —The N. Y. Academy of
Medicine offer a prize of one hundred dol
lars for the best essay on the subject of Chol
era Infantum. Each communication must
be accompanied by a sealed packet contain
ing the author's name, which will be opened
only in ease of success. The time extends
to April Ist, 1856. Address Dr. Joseph M.
Smith, No. 11 East 17th Street, N. Y.
ty Those who will not diet and dress ac
cording to the requirements of their physical
system must suffer the consequent pain and
trouble.
By Never take what you know from ex
perience disagrees with you.
Bronchia) Diseases.
ROBERT HUNTER, M. D., a distinguished
allopathic physician of Now York, in a re
cent article upon the treatment of Bron
chitis observes:—
" Applications of nitrate of silver to the
throat are Utterly useless, since they do not
reach the fountain of the evil. Your phy
sician informs you that your affection is
Bronchitis, and straightway you submit to
the cruel torture of having caustic applied
" every second or third day to your throat."
If the unnecessary suffering you thus under
go were the only consequences which sprung
from it, it would be of less importnnje; but I
the disease within your lungs is all this timo
gaining a firruor hold—tho mucous mem
brane is bccomiug thickened, and the smal
ler bronchial tubes closed up. These ob
structions go on increasing until sufficient
air cannot bo drawn throutrh tho airtubes to
produce the chango in the blood from the
venous to tlic arterial. It is the object of res
piration to change the blood from a dark to
a bright red color. This chango is produced
in the lungs by the air we breath, and can
not occur unless it is received in sufficient
quantity. When considerable obstructions
exist in the bronchial tubes, the carbon
which constitutes the impurity of the blood,
is not wholly removed-, but a part is retain
ed and sent again throhgh the system—im
peding the circulation, irritating the brain
and nervous system, and deranging diges
tion. Under this condition of the blood,
tubercles in the lungs are deposited. There
is no warning given of tho fearful change
which is taking place. Without pain, with
out cough, without expectoration, the seed
of this most insidious and mortal disease is
sown, and soon brings forth its fruit in the
melaucholly changes which mark the pro
gress of Consumption. Thus consumption
arises as a consequence of neglecting or
mal-treatiug Bronchitis, by placing teliance on
applications to the throat.''
Again GUILFORD D. SANBORN, M. D., of the
New York Lung institute, writing upon the
treatment of Lung Diseases, remarks:
"It is certainly an important question to
decide whether the old antiquated prac
tice for the cure of diseases of the lungs
and throat, is beneficial or injurious. Do
they euro or do they not? There are many
physicians who may be considered stereoty
ped editors of antiquity, who, doubtless,
never reflected ono moment upon this ques
tion, therefore eonsider its answer or dis
cussion of but little consequence, but their
flfiy thousand victims who are now under
their kind care, and professional skill, and
who, during the present year, will have
died 'according to science,' may deem it of
sufficient importance to give it at least a
passing notice."
"Let us recall to life for a moment the re
mains of fifty thousand graves last year
made, were lie mouldoring 'wealth, worth,
and beauty'—with their scarred chests, the
work of blisters, setons and Croton oil. I
present physicians to theso ' phantom forms'
as monuments of their success."
Medical summary.
The number of matriculants in the four
larger Old School Colleges of the North,
the last winter session, have been as
follows: tho Crosby street Medical College,
N. Y. 182; the University Medical College,
N. Y. 307; the Jefferson Medical College,
Phila. 562 ; the Pennsylvania University,
350. ——The mortality in the four chief cit
ies in the North and East during tho year
1854, have been as follows: Philadelphia,
11,811; New York, 28,458; Baltimore, 5,-
738; Boston 4,418.— A lady of Augusta
county, Va., was recently delivered of three
boys und at girl at one birth. Tliero were
two placenas, one having three lobes, and
each lobe its respective cord. The num
ber of students the past year in that ancient
medical school—tho university of Eding
burg—was only 340. A sudden death Oc
curred recently in Potosi, 111., ffom a rupture
of the spleen. A gum which is found on
trial to be a tolerable substitute for gum ara
ble, has been discovered in the North of
Texas. There are annually somo 1200
dead bodies of newly born infants picked up
in the streets, squares and Parks of London.
Several English ladies have been attend
ing the Metropolitan Hospital, and witness
ing the surgical operations, with the design
of going to Sevastopol as assistant sur
geons. Thero are over ft quarter of a
million of the population, says the London
Lancet, living constantly under ground in tho
darkness of mines.——The population of the
t'nited States is 25,000,000; but of every 73
of these, one dies every yoar.— —-The Jour
nal of Health gives a table of 1310 instances
of persons who have lived over 100 years;
277 of these lived to 120; 64 to 130; 26 to
140; 7 to 150; 8 to tfiO; 2 to 170; and 3 to
185.——Jonathan Peroira, M. D., the cel
ebrated authot bf Materia Medica and The
rapentics, who died in London in 1852, is
said to have been the handsomest man in
Great Britian, ant) tho best lecturer in Eu
rope.— Medical Reformer.
I,E1ON JUICE IN BILIARV CALCULI. —It has
been ascertained that Lemon Jjiico acts as a
sedative to the pain caused by the passage
of Biliary Calculi. Dr. Bonditch, of Mass.,
has used it with success. In one case in
which the paroxysms of pain formerly last
ed a day or two, it afforded prompt and im
mediate relief.
No man can avoid his own company—so
he bad best make it as good as possible.
A great change in life ia like a cold bath
in winter—we all hesitate at the first plunge.
NUMBER 15.
From the Middle States Medical Rejormer.
May Reflection*.
The wreathed smiles and baTmy breath of -
this perfect month of Spring: robed i., her
garlands of tinted flowers, and accompanied
with the most Witching strains of liquid mol
o<ly, resounding from 'every "bush and
brake," who so misanthropic or insensiblo to
c harms of loveliness and mellow beauty
as not to gladly welcome its annual coming?
Aot We, for we rejoice that the regular turn
ing of the calendar of time has brought us
May again. All hail its ushering in! h is
our favorite among the Months; and the
verses of die earlier poets show it to have
been equally such with thera. No one of
their invocatins to " Apollo and the Nine"
were half so harmonious, so rich in imagery
or musical to the ear as tho theme of May—
'' ; —-'hp fairest maid on ground,
Decked all with daintiesof her season Wide,
And throwing flowersout of herlap around.''
Nor did they confine their estimato of the
charmsand beauties ofthisattraclivo and life,
inpiring m'Or.th f6 poetry and song,—nay, auj
European ancestors demonstrated by the rural
lostivalsand "cheery celebrations" in which
they indulged on the "first of May," that they
appreciated those " gifts of the common Fa
ther" more fully than simple words could tell.
A return as it was of the season when all na
ture was budding and blooming with every
thing promising a bounteous supply of good
things of life, those of the " manor born" with
the untutored peasant, men in their prime,
women in their maturity ef beauty, blushing
maidens, and gay youths collected together
in the dance around the May-pole encircled
with garlands of roses, and consecrated to the
goddess of flowers, where their cares and
their griefs woro forgotten, and whore with
joyous equality they participated in the rap
turous pleasures to which the time and the
occasion incited.
The practice was universal :
There's not a budding boy or girl this day
but is got up and gone to bring in May."
Nor did Kings disdain to join these " May
day" sports, nay, we are told that notwith
standing the haughtiness and imperious
character of IlsNjtv the eighth, ho too waA
in the habit, accompanied by his Queen
Catharine, to. "ride a Maying from Green
wich to the high ground of Shooter's Hill." :
Hut why our allusion to these things in a
Health Journal ? Simply to inquire whether
or no with our abandonment of some of the
absurd customs of our European grandfath
ers, which were founded on feudal tyranny
or indola!rous superstition, we have gained
anything in practically ignoring a habit
which contributed so much to physical and
social enjoyment as their "rural sports and
celebrations of the seasons?" The "hurry
and worry" by which Americans are char
acterized is injurious ro body and mind
they wear out before their time. Had this
practice of the " good old age" continued
neither the health nor the morals of the na
tion would have suffered. Sentiments and
feelings which now lie latent, or are smoth
ered beneath the forced growth df other*
which are less ennobling, would have beeti
brought into active exercise, and they would
have tended to convince the masses that
there are other objects in living than simply
the gathering together of wealth. The re
laxations from commerce and trade—the
counting room and workshop which these
festivals would have brought to the mind
would not only have drove "doll care"
away, but have recruited it for the btlsinese
of the morrow. And the outdoor eiercists 10
which the rural sports incident to the occa
sion called out " lad and lass," wonld have
so operated as to have predbced a less ef
feminate race than are too many ot the hot
house plants of our bobntry and age. It
would have taught over cartful mothers the',
there is a better system of hygiene than that
of denying their daughters the indulgence of
kinds of exercise calling into action every
muscle of their bodies, without which they
can never be fully develbped; or of closet
itig them up from ' heavens bounteous, fraa
fresh air," without the full inbalation of
which " rosy cheeks" must surrender td
those of sallow hbe.
We say then we would hare our ances-
Ira I May day festivals resumed and national
ized, if for no other reason than the salutary
bearing and influence they Would have
upon public hygiene. When nature so ben
eficently adapts the season for outdoor exer
cise and pleasure, we would have custom, if
other considerations are noutrong enough to
break the enchantment of "making money,"
call all classes forth to enjoy them. J.
BP" Notwithstanding the "stringency of
the money market," our ladies of fashion
dress up to the very maximum of the most
prosperous limes. Lace petticoats, raoira,
antiqes, costly embroidery, rich jewelry, and
all the splendors which decorate the road to
ruin, are flaunted in Broadway by the wives
and daughters of men who are worn ofT their
legs by daily shinning expeditions. We re
quire sumptuary laws applicable to dress,
furniture, and other vanities of fashion, quite
as much as to liqUor,
Protracted meetings are being held by the
liquor dealers in all parts of the city. They
assemble taigblly in nearly every ward, and
it is aaid that at these levivels the " power of
the spirit" is abundantly manifested.
BP* Washington Irving is still suffering
severely from the shook he received whan
thrown from hie horse last Wednesday. The
latest message from hi residence, Sunny
Side, reports him better, but not entirely oat
of danger.

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