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The star of the north. [volume] (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1849-1866, May 24, 1855, Image 1

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THE STAR OF THE NORTH.
B. IF. Weaver Proprietor.]
VOLUME 7.
THE STAR OF THE NORTH
II PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY MORNING BY
ft. W. WEAVER,
OFFICE— Up stairs, in the new brick build
ing, on the south side of Main Street,
third square below Market.
TERMS -.—Two Dollars per annnm, if
paid within six months from the time of sub
scribing: two dollars and fitly cents if not
paid within the year. No subscription re
oeived for a less period than six months; no
discontinuance permitted until all arrearages
are paid, unless at the option of the editor.
ADVERTISEMENTS not exceeding one square
will be inserted three limes for One Dollar
and twenty-five cents for each additional in*
sertion. A liberal discount will be made to
those who advertise by the year.
CHOICE POETRY.
From the Independent.
AN EVENING PRAYER.
I come to Thee to night,
In my lone closet, wheie no eye can see,
And dare to crave an interview wilb Thee,
Father of love and light.
Softly the moonbeams shine
On the still branches of the shadowy trees,
While all sweot sounds of evening on the
breeze,
Steal through the slumbering vine.
Thon gav'sl the calm repose
That resis on all—the air, the bird, the flower,
The human spirit in lis weary houf—
Now at the bright day's close.
! Tis Nature's time for prayer;
The silent praises of the glorious sky,
And the earth's orisons profound and bight
To Heaven their breathings bear.
With them my soul would bend,
In humble reverence at Thy holy throne,
Trusting the merit* of Thy Son atone,
Thy sceptre to extend.
If I this day have striven
Wjlh Thy blest spirit, or have bowed the knee
To aught of earth in weak idolatry,
I pray to be torgiven.
If in my heart has been
An unforgiving thought, or word, or look,
Though deep the malice which I scarce could
brook, ,
Wash me from this dark sin.
If f have turned away
From grief orsuffering which I might relieve,
Careless the " cup of water" e'en to give,
Forgive me, Lord, I pray—
And teach me how to feel
My sinful wanderings with a deeper smart,
And more of mercj and of grace impart,
My sinfulness to heal.
Father, my soul would be
Pure as the drops eve's unsullied dew,
And as the stars whoso nightly course is true,
So would I be to Tbee.
Nor for myself alone • *
Would I these blessings of Thy love implore,
But for each penitent the wide earth o'er,
Whom Thou hast called Thine own.
And for my heart's best friends,
Whose steadfast kindness o'er my painful
yearg,
Has watched to sooihe affliction's griefs and'
tears
My warmest prayer ascends.
Should o'er their path decline
The light of gladness, or of hope or health,
Be Thou their solace, and their joy and wealth,
As they have long been mine.
And One—o Father, guide
The youthful traveller in the dangerous hour;
Save him from evil and temptation's power,
And keep him Dear Thy side.
Watch o'er his couch to night
And draw him sweetly by the cords of love
To blest communion with Thee, far above
Earth's withering cares and blight.
And now, O Father, lake
The heart I cast with humble faith on Thee,
And cleanse its depths from each impurity,
For my Redeemer's sake. *. L. E.
CITIES or RUSSIA.— In all the vast empire
of Russia, not more than three cities contain
a population exceeding 60,000 inhabitants—
namely, Petersburg, 470,202; Moscow, 340,-
068, and Warsaw, 194,700; the population
of Odessa is 60,159; Sebastopol, 41,195. —
Four cities only have populations exceeding
50,000 inhabitants. Archangel counts only
8,689. There are only twenty-five cities in
the whole empire whose populations vary
from 25,000 to 40,000. The respective pop
ulations of the other cities (1,047 in num
ber) is small, varying from 10,000 to a few
hundreds. The rest of the population is dis
persed over the country in the valleys; but
of rural population, strictly speaking, there
is little or nothing.
TAXING A MECHANICAL VIEW or IT. —Mr.
F.wbank, in one of his mechanical essays,
thus speaks of the miles of clothes we wear.
He says: "In winter, a lady is enwrapped in
a hundred miles of thread; she throws over
her shoulders from thirty to forty in a shawl.
A gentleman winds from three to four miles
around his neck, and uses four more in a
pocket handkerchief; at night he throws off
bis clothing and buries himself like a larva
in fonror fire hundred mile* of convolved
filaments."
• INDIA RUBBER COTTON FLOATS are being
manufactured in New York, for the purpose
of getting cotton to shipping ports during the
period of low water, and ao keeping the
markets regularly supplied, and freights more
uniform in price. It is claimed lhat at the
price of freights which has been paid for oot
ton from Columbus and Aberdeen, one trip
with the floats would pay for themselves and
the expense of taking them down .—Ledger.
A grooers wife having, in a passion, thrown
an inkstand at her husband, and spatigrgd
him all over with the black liquor, some
atrocious wretch deolared that she had been
engaged at the battle of Ink-herman.
BLOOMSBURG, COLUMBIA COUNTY, PA., THURSDAY, MAY 24, 1855.
From the Philadelphia Ledger.
Political Economy tor Common Schools-
Adam Smith in his "Wealth of Nations"
tells the story of a lad, who, wishing to have
more time to play at marbles, ingeniously
contrived an arrangement which haß proved
one of the greatest improvements in the con-,
slruction of the modern steam engine. Em
ployed to open a valve between the boiler
and the cylinder by band, as was then the
custom, he so fastened the handle of the
valve to tne piston that the machinery per
formed his work much more accurately than
he could do it. The lad little dreamed
that he was exhibiting some of the high
est utilities and results of the division of
labor.
But were every child taught at school how
much the whole welfare of society and the
prosperity of each depended upon ingenious
contrivances of this kind By every one, for
performing his share of the business of life
as accurately and expeditiously as possible,
with lhat forethought and arrangement which
save labor to the greatest possible degree,
the sharp eyes of many a bright youth would
find means of much abridging the most com
plicated expenditures of labor. For it is on
ly as the division of labor is perfectly under
stood in youth, that its most effective combi
nations become possible in after life.
Why is it that no one has written some
clear, brief treatise on Political Economy
lhat might bo introduced into all our Com
mon Schools and High Schools? It rests far
more directly and obviously than Moral
Philosophy upon the bnsis of fads, such as
are passing daily before the eyes of every
school-boy m a city like this. Yet Dr. Way
land, a master of the science of education,
has abridged his work on "Moral Science"
for Sabbath schools and day schools, where
it is taught with success. The great work of
education consists in leaching a child to rea
' son coriectly upon the facts that are daily
transporting before his eyes, to classify and
arrange them according to the principles in
volved. A few simple elementary truths,
clearly illustrated to the mind of a child as
they might be, would enable him easily to
classify all the phenomena of commerce and
as he grew up, be would be saved from a
thousand false principles of carrying on any
business in his after life. Intricacies of the
currency, that for centuries have perplexed
the government of Great Britain, are, it is
found, best solved by keeping in view one
or two fundamental and universal-Jaws,
which can easily be illustrated, so that a
child shall clearly comprehend them.
A lad walks along Chestnut street, and
says to himself that all these people live by
selling some things and buying others, and
wonders, perhaps, if ingenuity in the lesser
tricks of trade is not the only foundation of
wealth; like the Yankee mother, who
thought her sons so wonderfully smart, that
shut in the room together, they couid make
two dollars a day by swapping jackets. Yet
William Pill acted only on the principle of
these smart boys, when he proposed to pay
the English national debt by the sinking
fund. It would be easy and most useful to
fix deeply in the •mind of each youth, by
many illustrations, that exchange confers no
new value upon products—that production
in some form must be the basis of exchange
—that every city will grow rich just in pro
portion to the wealty, industry and extent of
the surrounding country, for which it is the
centre of exchange. All ibis would show
every mechanic and every merchant why a
place supplied ino-e cheaply tban any other
with coal and iron, should naturally become
the centre of manu r acluring commerce, af
fording, as it ever must, the cheapest mar
ket for the one to sell and the other to
buy.
A child sees a new piano delivered at his
father's house, payment given by a check
on the Bank, and a receipt signed. He thinks
it is an easy thing thus to purchase anything
he wants, and that he has nothing to do but
, to buy a check book and draw on the Bank.
It is soon explained lo him, that that paper
does not pay the debt, but only gets his
father's gold out of the Bank to pay it, who
thus had so much less left as the piano bad
cost. But there are thousands, we opine, to
whom this matter has never yet become
very cleat, and who go on all through life
fancying that paper promises to pay are
payments, and lhat the true way for an indi
vidual, or at least a nation to become rich, is
to extend their obligations and inflate a pa
per currency to the largest possible tension,
by buying all kinds of foreign luxuries on
papier credit.
The lact is, that wheie correct principles
are not imbibed in youth, mea ereot all
kinds of sophistical and complicated systems,
by which they deceive themselves end oth
ers most egregioosly. The elementary prin
ciples of political economy are few, simple
and eternal, like the elementary laws of na
nature. They apply with equal force todays
trading for marbles, and Wall e'lreet men ne
gotiating for railroad stocks, or California
gold. And if we cannot bring all things in
poliiical economy within tbe range of these
laws, it is not because they are not govern
ed by them, but simply because we do not
sufficiently understand the subject.
THE PLACE TO LIVE IN.— California flour
is selling in San Francisco at $6 per barrel;
in Philadelphia flour sells at 813. Wheat ia
San Francisco is 81 25, and in Philadelphia
82 60 lo 82 70. As wages 100, are much
higher in California than on this side of the
Union f it cannot be very bard to live in San
Francisco.
LIVING BY ONE'S WIT.
FROM THE GERMAN.
BY MRS. ST. SIMON.
Nine persons sailed from Basle, down the
Rhine. A Jew, that wished to go to Such
dample, was allowed to go on board, and
journey with them on condition lhat he
would conduct himself with property, and
give the captain eighteen kreutzers for his
passage.
Now it is true, something jingled in the
Jew's pocket, when he struck his hand
against it; but the only money that WBB
therein, was a twelve kroutzsr piece, for
the other was a brass button. Notwithstand
ing this he accepted the ofTer with grat
itude. For he thought to himself, some
thing may be earned, even upon water; there
is many a man who has got rich on the
Rhine.
During the first part of the voyage the
passengers were talkative and merry, and
lj}e Jew, with his wallet under his arm for
he did not lay it aside, was the object of
much mirth and mockery, as alas ! is often
the case with those of his nation. But as
the vessel sailed onward, and passed Thurin
gen and Saiuf Veil, the passengers, one after
the other, grew silent, and gazed down the
river until one cried:
" Come, Jew, do yon not know any pas
time that will amuse us? Your fathers must
have contrived many a one during their long
stay in the wilderness."
"Now is the time, thought the Jew, 1 to
shear my sheep I" And he proposed lhat
they should sit around in a circle, aud pro
pound very curious quoslions to each other,
and he, with their permission, would sit
with them. Those who could not answer
the question, should pay the one who pro
pounded them a twelve kreutzer piece.
The proposal pleased the company; and
hoping to divert themselves with the Jew's
wit or stupidity, each one asked at random,
whatever entered his head.
Thus, for example, the first one asked—
' How many soft boiled eggs could the giant
Goliah eat upon an empty stomach ?
All said that it was imposible to answer
that question, and each paid his twelve
kreutzers.
But the Jew said. 'One; for he who has
eaten one egg, cannot eat a second on an
empty stomach,' and the other paid him
twelve kreutzers.
The second thought. 'Wait, Jew, I wi'l
try you out of the New Testament, and I
think I shall win my piece. Why did the
Apostles of Paul write the secood epistle to
the Corinthians?'
The Jew said— 1 Because he was not in
Corintb, otherwise he would have spoken to
them.' So be won another twelve kreutzer
piece.
When the third saw the Jew was so well
versed in the Bible, he tried him ill a dif
ferent way. ' Who prolongs his work to as
great a length as possible, and still completes
it in time?
' The ropemaker, if he is industrious,' said
the Jew.
In the meanwhile they drew near to a vil
lage, and one said to the other. ' That is
Bamiach. Then the fourth asked—'ln what
month do the people in Bamiach eat the
least ?
The Jew said,—'ln February, for that has
ooly twenty-eight days.'
The fifth said—'There are two natural
brothers, and still only one of them is my
uncle.'
The Jew said—' The uncle is your fath
er's brother, and your father ia not your
uncle.'
A fish now jumped out of the water, and
the sixth asked, ' What fish have eyes near
est together?'
The Jew said, ' The smallest.'
The seventh asked, ' How can a man ride
from Basle to Bern in the shade, in the sum
mer time, when the sun shines?'
The Jew said, • Whon be comes to a place
where there is no shade, he must dismount
and go on foot.'
The eighth asked, ' When a man rides in
the winter time from Bern to Basle, and has
forgotten his gloves, how must he manage so
that his hands shall not freeze ?
The Jew said, 1 He must make fists out of
them.
The ninth was the last. This one asked
—' How can five persons divide five eggs so
that each man shall receive one, and still
one remain in the dish ?
The Jew said, 'The last must take the
dish with (be egg, and can let it lay there as
long as be pleases.'
But now it came his turn, and he deter
mined to make a good sweep. After many
preliminary compliments, he asked, with an
air of mischieuous friendliness, ' How can a
man fry two (route in three pans' so that a
trout may lie in each pan.
No one could answer this, and one after
the other gave him • twelve kreutzer
piece.
But when the ninth desired that be shonld
answer it himself, he frankly acknowledged
that ho knew not how the trout could be fried
in such a way.
Then it was maintained that this was un
fair in the Jew; But we stoutly affirmed
lhat there was no provision for it in the
agreement, save that he would not Answer
the question should pay the kreutzers ar.d
he fulfilled that agreement by paying that
sum to the ninth of his comrades who had
asked him to eolve it himself. But they all
being rich merchants, and grateful for the
amusement which had passed an hour or
two vary pleasantly for them, laughed
heartily over their loss, at the Jew'a con
ning.
Truth aud Right God and our Country.
PRINCE METTERNICH.
For the " Star of the North."
EUROPE IN 1855.
BY R. W. WEAVER.
(CONTINUED.)
As Americans we feel for the integrity of
Turkey, but if lhat nation is to exist only
like Greece and India, under the shadow or
protectorate of France and England, it were
better that a millstone were hanged about
its neck and it cast into the middle of the
Sea. The Crescent would soon sink beneath
the horison, and the ohildren of Islam would
have no light lo break into the long night of
their doom. Let the unhappy fate of Greece
be a warning. The European nations want
ed a barrier or foothold in the East, and so
declared that Greece should be free. Alas
for such freedom. The victors established a
protectorate such as they design for Turkey.
They concurred in the selection of an inca
pable priqge, foreign alike to the creed
and the manners of the people. They sur
rounded bis boyhood with a regency of Ba
varian councillors, who quarrelled from the
day they set foot at Nanplia; they encum
beiqd bis finances with a loan, only a small
part of which was spent for the benefit of
Greece. They narrowed the frontiers of the
kingdom so as to exclude from it many of
the most famous and gallant champions of
the national cause, such as Samos, Chio
aud Suli; and reduced its resources to the
smallest'limits. Having duno all this, Athens
has ever since been made the scene of con
temptible intrigues between the three pow
ers. On the other hand the conduct of the
Greeks lias frequently been unwise—some
times scandalous. The Court has given its
confidence lo what is least honorable in the
country, and the stale of the Kingdom if
Greece is far below what to be—be
low even the condition of some of the
Greek islands still under domin
ion.
The late infamous mission ol Count Or
loff had for its object the establishment of
such a protectorate over Tuikey by Russia,
granting to Austria and Prussia certain polit
ical and commercial privileges in what was
thus to become an appendage or province
to the Czar's dominion. It proposed in short
a dismemberment of the fertile empire be
tween the Archapelago and tbe Danube—
like the dismemberment of Poland, and
such protection to the Turkish people as the
wolf gives to the lamb. The wily embas
sador promised that if Austria and Prussia
would agree tthis, bis master and his min
ions would defend them against the conse
quences from France and England. But the
English and French representatives at Vien
na frightened the imbecile Francis Joseph
and his ministers from accepting such a pro
position. Orloff staid some days longer at
Vienna, under the pretence of indisposition,
but the spMs were upon bis heels and made
the city very hot for hint. At Betlin the
Minister of Foreign affairs, having in bis
mind's eye the republican revolution •of
1848 and 1849, answered that the king
would not enter into any such alliance, and
that Prussia was fully able to protect itself.
Prince Mellernich is the head and front
of the diplomacy of despotism, and has
held that' position tor many years, being
now an octogenarian. He is tbe chief of
lhat school of diplomatists who, with a low
estimate of human intelligence, seek rattier
lo cramp ar.d oheat it than to elevate it, and
develope the better natuie and higher ca
pacity of mankind. He began bis political
career as a partizan of tba French faction,
and then became the tool of Napoleon. As
a trick of slate stratagem he induced the
simple Francis II to sacrifice his daughter lo
the cowardly policy o! propitiating a ruler
whom the people of Austria at that time
oould only regard as a usurper; and then in
duced hie sovereign to basely abandon and
dethrone tbe prince whom he bad selected
for hie eon-in-law. He next led that sov
ereign to separate his daughter from ber hue
band, and. helped to disinherit the grandson
—the issue of a marriage he had oertainly
sanctioned, and indeed earnestly solicited.—
With a view of estranging that daughter
from ber exiled and deposed husband, whose
oonduct to her was irreproachable, he in
duced the father to encourage, and even con-
trivs her infidelities. In his mind provinces
are the playthings of princes, to be traded
as a farmer trades his acres jjsnd human be
ings are articles of traffic in the game of di
plomacy.
Turkey has within itselT the elements pf
an independent existence, and some char
acteristics of liberality in its government
superior to most others of Europe. It is very
freo in its municipal laws, and each province
regulates its contribution to the central gov.
ernment. It has no hereditary nobility to
eat out l\e substance of the toilsman lo the
remotest generaiion; for even family names
are unknown. There is perfect equality a
mong the people, and no distinction or priv
ileges of class ; so that the peasant of to
day may be the pasha of to-uiorrbw. The
government is not perfect, but it has this
merit thai it does not govern too much. The
leaden, penetrating and omnipresent centra
lization of Russia and Austria is unknown ;
and the Turks are not like the Germans,
Italians and Muscovites ground down under
the heavy burden of a vast army of officers.
The subjects of Abdul Medjid wbo wish
to travel for improvement, for commerce or
for pleasure have not as in Russia lo ask
formal leave of their sovereign, and pay be
sides a large sum yearly for the permission.
If they wish to read and learn, they do not
find themselves thwarted and fettered, as in
Austria, b> orders at the custom-house to
prohibit the entry of all books fitted to stim
ulate inquiry, to cultivate genius, to excite
ambition or reward labor. There is no In
dex Expurgatorius in Turkey. The Sultan
never confiscated a treatise on Astronomy
or politics, like the Pope of Rome; or shu>
up a Protestant school like the King of Na
ples; or imprisoned a Christian for leading
the Gospel of St. John, like the Grand Duke
of Tuscany.
In commercial restrictions the Porie is the
mo6l liberal of sovereigns in the world, and
Russia and Austria the most prohibitory and
oppressive. Turkey admits every article ol
import at a duty of three per cent; Russia
and Austria (besides a number of internal
impediments) charge from five to eixiy per
cent. Then the Tanximat, or great constitu
tional reform of 1839, which conferred
equal civil rights on all the subjects of the
Porte, and substituted law for mors despotic
will, laid the foundation for a new order of
things, which when completed, will place
Turkey far ahead of Russia in all essential
civilization. It is not yet universally estab
lished, but is gradually making its way
from the centre outwards. It secures prop
erly, and endeavors to secure a fair adminis
tration of justice. New courts of law have
been created in several of the great towns,
and the evidence of all men is received
without destination of creed ; and such great
satisfaction has been given by these new
tribunals, that petitions have lately been for
warded to Constantinople praying for their
extension to other districts. Lord Palmer
ston, the shrewdest (if he is not the most
honest) statesman of England has said that
there is no country in Europe which has made
such rapid strides to civilization and strength
during the last thirty years as that very Tur
key which the English nation has been ac
customed to regard as in the very last stage
of decrepitude and dissolution.
[TO BE CONTINUED.]
CONSCIENCE. —When conscience is enlight
ened and refined, of course it is an excellent
guide for a man's conduct, but not otherwise.
Notwithstanding this, the conscience of ev
ery man is generally better than his actions.
It is a step or two in advance even in the
most ignorant and depraved. There, is a still
small voice that tells tbe thief and the swin
dler that what he is doing is not right. The
voioe he cannot still; and it makes him
a sneak and a coward in spite of himself.—
He feelsthat he would be a more expert knave
without it; and would, perhaps, gladly silence
s il,.for the invigoration of his nerves. But it
haunts him forever. Even on the scaffold,
or in the garret, when he drinks the poison
or applies the loaded pistol to his mouth, it
is still there, something better than himself a
counsellor to whom, had he always listed, he
would have been a better and a happier
man.
From the Phila. Ledger.
The Money Market.
Before the tariff law of 1816 went into op
eration, the advocates of a revenue larifT
were all the time stigmatized as theorists
visionary people, wedded to orude and im
practicable notions, that could never be made
to work advantageously. A trial of the tariff
of '46 has very conclusively shown lhat theo
rists are wholly upon the side of protection—
the fallacy of countervailing duties having
been most conclusively demonstrated. Prom
inent among the theorists of the present time
is that very respeolable gentlemen, Mr. Hen
ry C. Carey, who lets of the following in the
April number of Hunt's Merchants' Maga
zine :
"The more gold lhat comes from Califor
nia, the poorer we shall become, under a sys
tem that closes the mills and furnaces of the
country, that destroys the power for associa
tion, and that caunas a demand for exporta
tion of all the gold that we receive ; for with
overy step in that direction, we are increas
ing the power of other nations to produce
cheaply both cloth and iron, while diminish
ing our own."
This is the theory of the celebtatod Dr.
Dryasdust, of the more we gel, the less we
have. The theory is a little blind and will
not work both ways, but as the thorough
theorist looks only in one direction the doub
le working is not considered important. The
more gold that aaache9 us from Califor
nia the poorer we shall become, and yet ev
ery dollar of gold sent to Europe, Mr. Ckyin
the same breath says, increases the power
of other nations to produce more cheaply
than we can. The gold that is so destruct
ive ol American interests it seems wholly
changes its character when it reaches our
cousins on the other side of the Atlantic. It
is there very advantageous and increases
their ability to producd more cheaply. Here
in the Atlantic Slates, it closes factories and
mills, provokes poverty, and causes a demand
for gold for exportation. This is all theory—
a flimsy gauze lo bide imposing facts which
pnper money advocates do not care to ack
nowledge. The revenue tariff men contend
not only against the right of the nation lo im
pose burthens on one class oi persons for the
protection and benefit of others, but they go
farther, and have very conclusively demon
strated that our system of banking and cur
rency has and always will render imperative
the most protective law that has ever been
enacted. The moment imports are checked
by countervailing duties, the banks, losing
ull apprehension of a loss of coin, expand
their business, and by multiplying credit in
every shape, so cheapen the currency, that
the price of production renders inuperative
whatever protection may have been afforded,
and the cry is at once raised for more protec
tion, which, if not yielded, (be goods manu
factured under a dearer currency and afford
ed at lower prices, immediately come in, and
away goes the coin oil which the banks have
so expanded and cheapened (he currency ;
for, be it remembered, the foreign manufac
turer, in taking his pay, always discriminates
in favor of our coin. He never lakes a dol
lar of paper mooey. That part of the system
is left for us at borne, and soon, having little
base to sustain it, topples over, and falls
comparatively worthless at our feet—over
whelming the country in bankruptcy and
carrying want ar.d misery to half the fami
lies of the hundreds of villages that the fos
teiing cause of this credit-bubble brought in
ito existence. No. We are not hurt by the
gold, nor are we benefitted by a protective
tariff. Purge and correct our mixed currency
and the advantages of gold, in whatever quan
tities it is likely to come, will be all here that
they are elsewhere.
THE MILLIONAIRES OF NEW YORK. —The
New York Correspondent of the Charleston
Courier makes the following meution sf Mill
ionaires in that city :
'* WM. B. ASTOB is our richest man; he
inherited his wealth. Stephen Whitney,
five millious; owes his fortune to specula
tions in cotton and the rise in real estate.—
W. H. Agpinwall, four millions; came of a
rich family, and claimed vast inerease of
wealth in the shipping business. James Le
nod, three millions, which he inherited.—
The late Peter Harmony, two millions; came
to this city as a cabin boy, and grew rioh by
commerce. The Lorillards, two millions;
came from France poor, and made their huge
fortune in the tobacco and snuff business.—
The iate Anson G. Phelps, two millions;
learned the trade of a tinner, and made a
fortune in iron and copper. Alexander D.
Stewart, two millions, now of. the dry goods
palace; began business in a little fancy store.
Of those who are put down for a million and
a half, Geo. Law began life RS a larm la
borer. Corneliuß Vanderbilt, as a boatman,
John Lafarge as a steward- to Joseph Bona
parte. Of the millionaires, James Chester
man began life as a journeyman tailor, and
Peter Cooper as a glue maker. George Ban
croft. Henry James, Professor Anthon. Tbos.
McE'rath and Dr. Francis, are each stated
to possess a hundred thousand dollars.—
Edwin Forest is rated at a quarter of a mil
lion ; so is Sidney Morse, of the N. York
Observer. Wm. Niblo, it appears, has four
hundred thousand dollars, and Dr. Mott two
hundred thonsand. Bennett at one hondred
and fifty thousand. But perhaps the most
remarkable statement of all is, that Mis.
Okill, of New York, haa made a quarter of a
million dollars by keeping school.
' MOTHER, this book tells about the 'angry
waves of the ocean.' Now what makes the
ocean get angry t ' Because it has been
crossed ao often, mv son.'
[Two Dollars per Amu
NUMBER 18.
MY HUSBAND.
A LIFB SKETCH.
My husband is a very strange man To
think he could have grown so provoked about
such a little thing as that scarf.
Well, there's no use trying to drive him. 1
have settled that in my mind. But he can be
coaxed, can't he (hough ! and from this time
henceforth shan't I know bow to manage
him 1 Still there's no denying Mr Adams ie
a very strange man.
You see, it was this morning at breakfastj
I said to him, "Harry, I must have one of
those ten dollar scarfs at Stewart's. They
are perfetly charming, and will correspond
so nicely with my maroon velvet cloak. I
want to go out this morning and get one, be
fore they are all gone." " Tea dollars don't
grow on every bush Adeline; and just now
times are pretty hard, you know," he an
swered in a dry careless tone, wnich irritated
me greatly. Beside that, I knew he conld
aflford to get me a scarf just as well as not,
only perhaps, my manner of requesting it did
not quite suit his lordship.
" Gentlemen who can afford to buy satin
vests at ten dollars apiece, can give no mo- •
live but penuriousness for objecting to give
their wives as much for a scarf," I retorted,
as I glanced at the money which a few mo
ments before he had laid by the side of my
plate, requesting me to procure one for him;
he always trusts my taste in these matters.
I spoke angrily. 1 should have been sorry
for it the next moment, if be had not answer
ed.
' You will not then attribute it to my penu
riousness, I suppose, when 1 tell you I can
not let you have another ten dollars.'
' Well, then, I will take this and get me
the scarf. You can do without your vest this
fall,' and I look up the bills and left the loom
for he did not answer me.
1 1 need it end must have it,' I soliloquixed
as I washed my tear swollen eyes, and ad
justed tiiy hair for a walk down Broadway :
but all the while '.here was a still small voice
in my heart, 'Don't do it. Go and buy the
vest for your husband,' and at last (would
you believe it) that inner voice triumphed.—
I went down to the tailor's, selected the vest
and brought it home.
"Here it is, Henry, I selected the color
which I thought would suit you best. Isn't
it rich?" I said, as I unfolded the vest after
dinner, for somehow my pride was all gone.
I had felt so much happier ever since I had
resolved to forego the scarf.
did not answer me, but there was
such a look of tenderness filling his dark
handsome eyes, as his lips fell to my fore
head, that it was as much as I could do to
keep from crying outright.
But I bavn't told you the cream of the
story yet- At night, wheu he came home to
supper he threw a little bundle into my lap.
Wondering greatly what it could be, I open
ed it, and thore was the scarlet scarf, the
very one I set my heart on at Stewart's yes
terday.
"Ob! Henry," I said, looking up and try
ing to thank him, but my lips trembled, and
then the tears dashed over the eye lashes,
and he drew ray head to his heart, and
smoothed down my curls, and murmured
the old loving words in my ear, while I
cried there a long lime, but oh I my tears
were such sweet ones.
He is a strange man, my husband, but he
is a noble one too, only it is a little hard to
find it out sometimes, and it seems to ma
my heart never said it so deeply as it does
to-nigbt. God bless him \—Home Visitor.
A BRIEF DISCOURSE.
Text—" There is a way that seemeth right
unto man, but the end thereof r &o.
We hope it will not be deemed sacrile
?;ious to quote here this sublime precaution
rom the oracles of divine truth, as a text to
discourse from in (he manner that follows,
although in aid of subjects of a somewhat
secular nature, appertainrng however to mor
ality.
It may seem right to a man to neglect pay
ing his debts for the sake of lending or spec
ulating upon his money; but the end thereof
is a bad paymaster.
It may seem right to a man to attempt to
live upon the fa'bion of the times, but the
end thereof is disgusting to all sensible folks,
and ruinious to health, reputation and propri
ety.
It may seem right to a man to keep bor
rowing of his neighbors, but the end thereof
is very cross neighbors.
It may seem right to a man to trouble him
self about his neighbor's business; but the
end thereof is the neglect of his own.
It may seem right to a man to be alnhiya
trumpeting his own fame; but the end there
of is that his fame don't extend very far.
It may 6eem right to a man to indulge his
children in everything; but the end thereof
is—l)is children will inaalge in dishonoring
him.
It may seem right to a man to be con
stantly standing his neighbors; bnt the
end thereof is, that nobody believes anything
he says.
It may seem right to a man to attempt to
please everybody ; but the'end thereof t* he
pleases nobody.
it may seem right to a man to exotl hie
neighbors in extravagance and luxury; but
the end thereof is—be only excels them iu
folly.
It may seorn right to a man not to take a
newspaper; but the and thereof is—that a
man has a vain idea of whet is right, and hie
family are totally ignorant of the ordinary oc
currences of the day.
It may seem right for a man to worship a
creature more than the Creator, but tbe eud
thereof is—an idolater.
Ii may seem right for a man to obtain his
news by borrowing of his neighbors; but the
end thereof is—fraud upon the printer.
It may seem right lo a man to be inow
santly ocoupied in hoarding up treasons of
this world ; hut tbe eud thereof is—bo bao
none in the world to come.
It may seem right to us to further- extend
this discourse at tbe expense of the reader;
but the end thereof is—here.

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